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Encyclopedia > Grapheme

In typography, a grapheme is the atomic unit in written language. Graphemes include letters, Chinese characters, numerals, punctuation marks, and other glyphs. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A writing system, also called a script, is used to visually record a language with symbols. ... A Specimen of typeset fonts and languages, by William Caslon, letter founder; from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... Technical note: Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... A numeral is a symbol or group of symbols that represents a number. ... The term punctuation has two different linguistic meanings: in general, the act and the effect of punctuating, i. ... These are the astrological glyphs as most commonly used in Western Astrology A glyph is a specific symbol representing a semantic or phonetic unit of definitive value in a writing system. ...


In a phonological orthography, a grapheme corresponds to one phoneme. In spelling systems that are non-phonemic — such as the spellings used most widely for written English — multiple graphemes may represent a single phoneme. These are called digraphs (two graphemes for a single phoneme) and trigraphs (three graphemes). For example, the word ship contains four graphemes (s, h, i, and p) but only three phonemes, because sh is a digraph. The vowels of modern (Standard) Arabic and (Israeli) Hebrew from the phonological point of view. ... The orthography of a language is the set of symbols (glyphs and diacritics) used to write a language, as well as the set of rules describing how to write these glyphs correctly, including spelling, punctuation, and capitalization. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Note: This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... A trigraph (from the Greek words tria = three and grapho = write) is a group of three letters used to represent a single sound. ...


Different glyphs can represent the same grapheme, meaning they are allographs. For example, the minuscule letter a can be seen in two variants, with a hook at the top, and without. Not all glyphs are graphemes in the phonological sense; for example the logogram ampersand (&) represents the Latin word et (English word and), which contains two phonemes. These are the astrological glyphs as most commonly used in Western Astrology A glyph is a specific symbol representing a semantic or phonetic unit of definitive value in a writing system. ... Allography, from the Greek for other writing, has several meanings which all relate to how words and sounds are written down. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Letter case. ... Look up A, a in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A logogram, or logograph, is a single grapheme which represents a word or a morpheme (a meaningful unit of language). ... The roman ampersand at left is stylised, but the italic one at right reveals its origin in the Latin word An ampersand (&, &, &), also commonly called an and sign, is a logogram representing the conjunction and. The symbol is a ligature of the letters in et, which is Latin for and...


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  Results from FactBites:
 
Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for grapheme (1233 words)
Each grapheme is realized in writing or print by its graphs, such as the different ways of writing and printing an a or a t.
The smallest unit in the written form of a language, usually a letter or combination of letters representing a single phoneme, such as the b in book, the s in sip, the sh in ship, or the ph in photograph.[From Greek graphema a letter, from graphein to write]...
Predicting children's word-spelling difficulty for common English words from measures of orthographic transparency, phonemic and graphemic length and word frequency.
Citations: Dataoriented methods for grapheme-to-phoneme conversion - Bosch, van den (ResearchIndex) (4217 words)
As is shown in (2a) for example, the grapheme d is pronounced voiceless when it occurs stem finally, but voiced when it occurs stem initially.
1995) and identification as in grapheme phoneme conversion (Weijters, 1991;
segmentation as in hyphenation and syllabification [6, 17] and identification as in grapheme phoneme conversion
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