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Encyclopedia > Grapes
Grape
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Vitales
Family: Vitaceae
Genus: Vitis
Species

Vitis acerifolia
Vitis aestivalis
Vitis amurensis
Vitis arizonica
Vitis x bourquina
Vitis californica
Vitis x champinii
Vitis cinerea
Vitis x doaniana
Vitis girdiana
Vitis labrusca
Vitis x labruscana
Vitis monticola
Vitis mustangensis
Vitis x novae-angliae
Vitis palmata
Vitis riparia
Vitis rotundifolia
Vitis rupestris
Vitis shuttleworthii
Vitis tiliifolia
Vitis vinifera
Vitis vulpina

A grape is the fruit of a vine in the family Vitaceae. It is commonly used for making grape juice, jelly, wine and raisins, or can be eaten raw. Grapes constitute approximately 50% of all fruit grown in the world.


Many species of grape exist including:

  • Vitis vinifera, the European winemaking grapes
  • Vitis labrusca, the North American table and grape juice grapes, sometimes used for wine
  • Vitis riparia, a wild grape of North America, sometimes used for winemaking
  • Vitis rotundifolia, the muscadines, used for jelly and sometimes wine
  • Vitis aestivalis, the variety Norton is used for winemaking
  • Vitis lincecumii (also called Vitis aestivalis var. lincecumii), Vitis berlandieri (also called Vitis cinerea var. helleri), Vitis cinerea, Vitis rupestris are used for making hybrid wine grapes and for pest-resistant rootstocks.

Hybrids also exist, primarily crosses of V. vinifera with one or more varieties of V. labrusca, V. riparia or V. aestivalis. Hybrids tend to be less susceptible to frost and disease (notably phylloxera), but their wine has little of the characteristic "foxy" odor of labrusca.


Currently, a large fraction of the grape crop goes to producing grape juice to be used as a sweetener for fruits canned 'with no added sugar' and '100% natural'.

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A bunch of grapes
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Autumn Royal grapes
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Red and green grapes
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Red grapes
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Flame seedless grapes
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Foliage of the Concord grape plant

Wild grapes are often considered a nuisance weed as they cover other plants and form thick entangling vines.

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Foliage of the New England wild grape

External links

  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System entry for Grape famiily (http://www.itis.usda.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=28600)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Grape Radio (4008 words)
In my mind, what sets them apart from other wine related radio broadcast, be they originating on the Internet or via broadcast, is their willingness to treat their listeners with the respect they deserve, not talking down to them and not assuming they all need remedial education.
The Tablas Creek blog not only does this but is able to do so by also imparting the excitement they possess for being in the business, the seriousness with which they take their efforts and with the occasional self deprecating approach.
Grape Radio "The Worlds Top Wine Podcast and Wine Blog" is powered by WordPress 2.1.2 and K2 Beta One r60 by Michael and Chris using the Reel Reviews style.
Grape (2994 words)
Grapes are adapted to a wide variety of soil conditions, from high pH and slightly saline, to acidic and clayey.
Vinifera grapes have low chilling requirements, 100-500 hr, and tend to break bud early and are frost prone in many regions.
The grape phylloxera (Dactylosphaera vitifolii, Homoptera), also called the grape root louse (actually an aphid), was introduced to Europe from eastern North America in the 1860s, where it caused the most significant pest-related disaster in all of fruit culture.
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