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Encyclopedia > Grantha

Grantha (from Sanskrit ग्रन्थ grantha meaning book or manuscript) is an ancient script that was prevalent in South India. It is generally supposed to have evolved from Brahmi, another ancient Indic script. It has influenced the Malayalam and Sinhala scripts. Sanskrit ( संस्कृतम् ; pronunciation: ) is an Indo-European classical language of India and a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. ... A map of South India, its rivers, regions and water bodies. ... BrāhmÄ« refers to the pre-modern members of the Brahmic family of scripts, attested from the 3rd century BC. The best known and earliest dated inscriptions in Brahmi are the rock-cut edicts of Ashoka. ... Malayalam (മലയാളം) is the major language of the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... Sinhala (also Sinhalese, formerly Singhalese) is the language spoken by the Sinhalese, the largest ethnic group of Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon). ...

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Sanskrit and Grantha

 John 3:16 - written in the Grantha script(Tamil Based Sanskrit)
John 3:16 - written in the Grantha script(Tamil Based Sanskrit)

Although Sanskrit is now almost exclusively written in the Devanagari script, the language lacked a standard script during its early history. The Grantha script was used to write Sanskrit in the Tamil-speaking parts of South Asia until the 19th century. In the early 20th century, it began being replaced by the Devanagari script in religious and scholarly texts, and the normal Tamil script (with the use of diacritics) in popular texts. Image File history File links John_3_16_Sanskrit_translation_grantham_script. ... Image File history File links John_3_16_Sanskrit_translation_grantham_script. ... Sanskrit ( संस्कृतम् ; pronunciation: ) is an Indo-European classical language of India and a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. ... Rigveda manuscript in Devanagari (early 19th century) DevanāgarÄ« (देवनागरी — in English pronounced ) (ISCII – IS13194:1991) [1] is an abugida alphabet used to write several Indian languages, including Sanskrit, Hindi, Marathi, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Bihari, Bhili, Konkani, Bhojpuri and Nepali from Nepal. ... Tamil (தமிழ் ) is a classical language and one of the major languages of the Dravidian language family. ... South Asia or Southern Asia is a southern geopolitical region of the Asian continent comprising territories on and in proximity to the Indian subcontinent. ... A diacritic mark or accent mark is an additional mark added to a basic letter. ...


The Grantha script was also historically used for writing Tamil-Sanskrit Manipravalam, a blend of Tamil and Sanskrit which was used in the exegesis of Sanskrit texts. This evolved into a fairly complex writing system which required that Tamil words be written in the Tamil vatteluthu and Sanskrit words be written in the Grantha script. By the 15th century, this had evolved to the point that both scripts would be used within the same word - if the root was derived from Sanskrit it would be written in the Grantha script, but any Tamil suffixes which were added to it would be written using the Tamil vatteluthu. This system of writing went out of use when Manipravalam declined in popularity, but it was customary to use the same convention in printed editions of texts originally written in Manipravalam until the middle of the 20th century. While the Pattu school flourished among certain sections of the society, the literature of the elite was composed in the curious mixture of Sanskrit and Malayalam which is referred to as Manipravalam, mani meaning ruby (Malayalam) and pravalam meaning coral (Sanskrit). ... Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ...


In modern times, the Grantha script is mainly used in certain religious contexts by orthodox Tamil-speaking Hindus. Most notably, they use the script to write a child's name for the first time during the nāmikarṇa naming ceremony, and to write the Sanskrit portion of wedding invitations and announcements of a person's last rites. It is also used in many religious almanacs to print traditional formulaic summaries of the coming year. Hinduism {Sanskrit - HindÅ« Dharma, also known as Sanātana (eternal) Dharma and Vaidika (of the Vedas) Dharma} is the religion based on the Vedas as well as other traditional scriptures and beliefs. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


Dhives and Grantha

 Basic Grantha script
Basic Grantha script

Dhives Akuru (island letters) which was used to write the Divehi language developed from the Grantha script. Image File history File links Grantha. ... Image File history File links Grantha. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Dhivehi is an Indo-Aryan language and the official language of the Republic of the Maldives. ...


Malayalam and Grantha

The origin of Malayalam script can be traced back to Grantha script. Malayalam scripts possess much resemblance with Grantha scripts. Malayalam (മലയാളം) is the major language of the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... The Malayalam script is an abugida of the Brahmic family, used to write the Malayalam language. ... The Malayalam script is an abugida of the Brahmic family, used to write the Malayalam language. ...


Tamil and Grantha

It is suggested that Tamil was also written using Grantha script at some point in time, but currently Tamil has its own script system. Tamil may refer to: Tamil language, one of the Dravidian languages primarily spoken in the South ASIA Tamil script, primarily used to write the Tamil language Tamil people The phrase Tamil country is used sometimes to refer to the regions with a significant population of Tamil-speaking people. ... Tamil (தமிழ் ) is a classical language and one of the major languages of the Dravidian language family. ...


There have been attempts to mix Sanskrit words into Tamil in the past. Even though there are well-defined rules for writing foreign loan words in Tamil. These letters help to compensate for sounds that are nonexistent in original Tamil. These grantha characters are becoming more widely used, although many scholars are unwilling to adopt the Sanskrit sounds for historical and cultural reasons.


When you look at Grantha script, one would suspect that the current Tamil script is indeed a direct descendent of the Grantha script, with the signs for voiceless aspirated (such as /kh/), voiced (/g/), and voiced aspirated stops (/gh/) left out. Interestingly it is not the case. Infact, the tamil script, a highly sophisticated writing system it is, is a totally indigeneous product of the tamil people and was widely used by men since when they were living in caves.



See also: Tamil alphabet Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ...


External links

  • Quick facts about Grantha at AncientScripts.com

  Results from FactBites:
 
Grantha alphabet for Sanskrit (153 words)
The Grantha alphabet is a descendent of the Brahmi alphabet and started to emerge during the 5th century AD.
Most of the alphabets of southern India evolved from Grantha, and it also influenced the Sinhala and Thai alphabets.
Ahom, Balinese, Batak, Bengali, Brahmi, Buhid, Burmese, Cham, Dehong Dai/Tai Le, Devanagari, Grantha, Gujarati, Gurmukhi (Punjabi), Hanuno'o, Hmong, Javanese, Kannada, Kayah Li, Kharosthi, Khmer, Lao, Lepcha, Limbu, Lontara/Makasar, Malayalam, Manpuri, Modi, Oriya, Phags-pa, Ranjana, Redjang, Sharda, Siddham, Sinhala, Sorang Sompeng, Sourashtra, Soyombo, Syloti Nagri, Tagalog, Tagbanwa, Tai Dam, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Tibetan, Tocharian, Varang Kshiti
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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