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Encyclopedia > Grant Wood

Grant Wood, born Grant DeVolson Wood (February 13, 1891February 12, 1942) was an American painter, born in Anamosa, Iowa. He is best known for his paintings depicting the rural American Midwest. His family moved to Cedar Rapids after his father died in 1901. Soon thereafter he began as an apprentice in a local metal shop. After graduating from Washington High School (Cedar Rapids, Iowa) , Wood enrolled in art school in Minneapolis in 1910, and returned a year later to teach in a one-room schoolhouse. In 1913 he enrolled at the Art Institute of Chicago and did some work as a silversmith. He again returned to Cedar Rapids to teach Junior High students after serving in the army as a camouflage painter. From 1920 to 1928 he made four trips to Europe, where he studied many styles of painting, especially impressionism. But it was the work of Jan Van Eyck that influenced him to take on the clarity of this new technique and to incorporate it in his new works. From 1924 to 1935 Wood lived in the loft of a carriage house that he turned into his personal studio at "5 Turner Alley" (the studio had no address until Wood made one up himself). In 1932, Wood helped found the Stone City Art Colony near his hometown to help artists get through the Great Depression. He became a great proponent of regionalism in the arts, lecturing throughout the country on the topic. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... American Gothic, 1930 This work is copyrighted. ... American Gothic, 1930 This work is copyrighted. ... For other uses, see American Gothic (disambiguation). ... The Art Institute of Chicago is a fine art museum located in Chicago, Illinois. ... Stained glass window in the Cedar Rapids, Iowa Veterans Memorial. ... Stained glass window in the Cedar Rapids, Iowa Veterans Memorial. ... Strictly speaking, stained glass is glass that has been painted with silver stain and then fired. ... Nickname: Location in the State of Iowa Coordinates: , Country State County Linn Incorporated 1849 Government  - Mayor Kay Halloran Area  - City 166. ... Official language(s) English Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Area  Ranked 26th  - Total 56,272 sq mi (145,743 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 199 miles (320 km)  - % water 0. ... Download high resolution version (1172x1194, 172 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Iowa Grant Wood State Quarters Categories: Iowa State University images ... Download high resolution version (1172x1194, 172 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Iowa Grant Wood State Quarters Categories: Iowa State University images ... Official language(s) English Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Area  Ranked 26th  - Total 56,272 sq mi (145,743 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 199 miles (320 km)  - % water 0. ... Obverse of redesigned quarter The 50 State Quarters program is the release of a series of commemorative coins by the United States Mint. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... Anamosa is a city in Jones County, Iowa, USA. The population was 5,494 at the 2000 census. ... Official language(s) English Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Area  Ranked 26th  - Total 56,272 sq mi (145,743 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 199 miles (320 km)  - % water 0. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... Nickname: Location in the State of Iowa Coordinates: , Country State County Linn Incorporated 1849 Government  - Mayor Kay Halloran Area  - City 166. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Washington High School is a public high school in Cedar Rapids, Iowa Mission Statement The mission at Washington High School, in partnership with families, is to provide a safe and orderly climate in which students may strive for academic excellence, participate in a variety of co-curricular activities, and celebrate... This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Art Institute of Chicago is a fine art museum located in Chicago, Illinois. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the art movement. ... Portrait of a Man in a Turban (actually a chaperon), probably a self-portrait, painted 1433 Jan van Eyck or Johannes de Eyck (pronounced: vān ike)(c. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Stone City Art Colony, along the Wapsipinicon River in east central Iowa, was formed by Grant Wood (of American Gothic fame) during the depression. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ...


Wood taught painting at the University of Iowa's School of Art beginning in 1934, prompting his move to Iowa City. During that time, he supervised mural painting projects, mentored students, produced a variety of his own works, and became a key part of the University's cultural community. On February 12, 1942, one day before his 51st birthday, Wood died at the university hospital. The University of Iowa, also commonly called Iowa or locally UI, is a major coeducational research university located on a 1,900 acre (8 km²) campus in Iowa City, Iowa, US, on the banks of the Iowa River in East Central Iowa. ... Iowa City is a city in Johnson County, Iowa, United States. ...


His work

Wood was an active painter from an extremely young age until his death, and although he is best known for his paintings, he worked in a large number of media, including ink, charcoal, ceramics, metal, wood and found objects. An ink is a liquid containing various pigments and/or dyes used for coloring a surface to render an image or text. ... Charcoal is the blackish residue consisting of impure carbon obtained by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances. ... Fixed Partial Denture, or Bridge The word ceramic is derived from the Greek word κεραμικός (keramikos). ... This article is about metallic materials. ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... Found objects are materials found (such as pebbles, candy wrappers, or leaves) and not made (such as inks, paints, and crayons. ...


Throughout his life he hired out his talents to many Iowa-based businesses as a steady source of income. This included painting advertisements, sketching rooms of a mortuary house for promotional flyers and, in one case, designing the corn-themed decor (including chandelier) for the dining room of a hotel. In addition, his 1928 trip to Munich was to oversee the making of the stained-glass windows he had designed for a Veterans Memorial Building in Cedar Rapids. A contemporary chandelier in the Galt House in Louisville, Kentucky. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... The term stained glass today generally refers to glass that has either been painted and fired or coloured by adding metallic salts during its manufacture and often both. ...


Regionalism

Grant Wood is most closely associated with the American movement of Regionalism that was primarily situated in the Midwest. He was one of three artists most-associated with this movement. The others, John Steuart Curry and Thomas Hart Benton, returned to the Midwest in the 1930s due to Wood's encouragement and assistance with locating teaching positions for them at colleges in Wisconsin and Kansas respectively. Along with Benton, Curry, and other Regionalist artists, Wood's work was marketed through Associated American Artists in New York for many years. In art, regionalism is a realist modern American art movement wherein artists shunned the city and rapidly developing technological advances to focus on scenes of rural life. ... Detail of Currys controversial mural in Kansas Statehouse, illustrating John Brown and the clash of forces in Bleeding Kansas John Steuart Curry (November 14, 1897 - August 29, 1946) was an American painter noted for his pictures depicting life in his home state, Kansas. ... Thomas Hart Benton, painter Thomas Hart Benton, or Tom Benton (April 15, 1889 - January 19, 1975) was an American muralist of the Regionalist school. ... In art, regionalism is a realist modern American art movement wherein artists shunned the city and rapidly developing technological advances to focus on scenes of rural life. ... Associated American Artists is an art gallery and business established in 1934 in New York City. ...


Wood's best known work is his 1930 painting American Gothic, one of the most familiar images in 20th century American art. The painting was first exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago where it can still be found today. Today, the painting is often parodied in pop culture, and remains one of the most notable examples of American Regionalism. Wood is considered the patron artist of Cedar Rapids, and one of his designs is depicted on the 2004 Iowa State Quarter Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see American Gothic (disambiguation). ... The Art Institute of Chicago is a fine art museum located in Chicago, Illinois. ... American scene painting is a naturalist style of paintings and art of the 1920s though 1940s in the United States. ... Nickname: Location in the State of Iowa Coordinates: , Country State County Linn Incorporated 1849 Government  - Mayor Kay Halloran Area  - City 166. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Obverse of redesigned quarter The 50 State Quarters program is the release of a series of commemorative coins by the United States Mint. ...


External links

  • Cedar Rapids Museum of Art biography of Grant Wood
  • Grant Wood on artcyclopedia.com
  • American Classic: Grant Wood and the meaning of his art
  • Grant Wood's Studio
  • Ten Dreams Galleries
  • Ely's Web Site (The Stone City Web Site)
  • Grant Wood Gallery at MuseumSyndicate
  • The Sioux City Corn Room mural, Sioux City Art Center

  Results from FactBites:
 
Wood (disambiguation) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (283 words)
Wood, a natural material is produced by the growth of plants, mainly trees and shrubs.
Wood, Wisconsin, a town in Wisconsin in the county of the same name.
Wood (Wode, Woode or Wad), a surname believed to have originated in Scotland from the surname de Bosco.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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