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Encyclopedia > Grande école

The grandes écoles (French for great schools) of France are higher education establishments outside of the mainstream framework of the public universities. They are generally focused on a single more or less broad topic, have a moderate size, and often are quite selective on the selection of their students. They are often regarded as prestigious, and form the channel most French managing directors and executives come from. The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees. ... Executive can mean: Executive (government), a branch of government; A functionary in a commercial or non-commercial organisation. ...

Contents

Preparatory classes

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The Lycée Louis-le-Grand, in Paris, is one of the most famous lycées providing classes for preparing for grandes écoles. (Here, on the right side of the rue St Jacques; on the left, the Sorbonne.)

Often, grandes écoles recruit students not after the end of their high school, but after two or more years of initial higher education. For the most part, this education takes place in special preparatory classes, known as prépas, that dispense undergraduate university-level education at an accelerated pace. Prépas are located in a number of select high schools throughout the country; some of them, such as Louis-le-Grand and Henri IV in Paris, are famous in their own name. The Sorbonne, Paris, in a 17th century engraving The Sorbonne today, from the same point of view The historic University of Paris (French: Université de Paris) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was in 1970 reorganized as 13 autonomous universities (University of Paris I–XIII). ... Japanese high school students in uniform High school, or Secondary school, is the last segment of compulsory education in Australia, Canada, China, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, Singapore and the United States. ... The Lycée Louis-le-Grand, in Paris is one of the most famous lycées providing classes for preparing for grandes écoles. ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ...


There are four main categories of prépas:

There is some specific jargon in those classes. For instance, the students in mathématiques spéciales are called taupins (which could be roughly translated as the "moles") because they often wear glasses and never go out. Hence, the year of mathématiques spéciales is called the taupe, which could be translated in the context as the "mole hole". One integrates a school when one succeeds in passing the competitive exam to that school. If you integrate a school after two years of prépa, you are 3/2; if you repeat a year, you are 5/2. Indeed, the most prestigious engineering school in France is the École Polytechnique, often dubbed X, as the unknown variable in mathematics. The integral of X between 1 and 2 (the numbers representing years of study) is 3/2, and the integral between 2 and 3 is 5/2. Public preparatory classes do not admit 7/2s, outside of exceptional cases (illness...). Mathematics, often abbreviated maths in Commonwealth English and math in American English, is the study of abstraction. ... Physics (from the Greek, φυσικός (phusikos), natural, and φύσις (phusis), nature) is the science of nature in the broadest sense. ... Computer science (academically, CS, CSC or compsci) encompasses a variety of topics that relates to computation, like abstract analysis of algorithms, formal grammars, and subjects such as programming languages, program design, software and computer hardware. ... Engineering is the application of science to the needs of humanity. ... Biology is the science of life (from the Greek words bios = life and logos = reasoned account). ... Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογος (logos, word, reason)) is the science and study of the Earth, its composition, structure, physical properties, history, and the processes that shape it. ... The humanities are a group of academic subjects united by a commitment to studying aspects of the human condition and a qualitative approach that generally prevents a single paradigm from coming to define any discipline. ... Economics is the social science studying production and consumption through measurable variables. ... In the USA a business school is a graduate school which offers an Masters of Business Administration. ... Jargon redirects here. ... The cadets of Polytechnique rushed to the defense of Paris against the foreign armies in 1814. ... This article deals with the concept of an integral in calculus. ...


Categories

Grandes écoles can be classified into several broad categories:


Écoles normales supérieures

They train researchers, professors and may also be a starting point for high administrative careers. There are four of them: For the suburb of Melbourne, Australia, see Research, Victoria. ... A professor is a senior teacher and researcher, usually in a college or university. ... Organisational use In some organisational analyses, administration can refer to the bureaucratic or operational performance of mundane office tasks, usually internally oriented. ...

Their competitive entrance exams are about the most selective. They recruit mostly from taupes, biology prépas and khâgnes. The quadrangle at the main ENS building on rue dUlm is known as the Cour aux Ernests – the Ernests being the goldfish in the pond. ... This article is about the French city. ...


The normaliens, as the students of the several ENS are known, keep a level of excellence in the various disciplines in which they are trained. Normaliens from France and other European Union countries are considered civil servants in training, and as such paid a monthly salary, in exchange for an agreement to serve France for 10 years, including those of studies. The European Union or EU is an intergovernmental organisation of European countries, which currently has 25 member states. ...


Engineering schools

There is a broad spectrum of engineering schools, many recruiting after taupes. Things may be a bit confusing since many schools have a lengthy official name (often beginning with École Nationale Supérieure), a shortened name, an acronym and, for the most famous, a nickname (and often a nickname for their students). Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations formed from the initial letter or letters of words, such as NATO and XHTML, and are pronounced in a way that is distinct from the full pronunciation of what the letters stand for. ...


The engineering schools include :

To confuse things even more, schools with similar curricula as the Parisian ones have been established; thus there is, for instance, an École Nationale Supérieure des Télécommunications de Bretagne in Brittany. They are generally less prestigious than their elder sisters. Other schools include: The École nationale supérieure des Mines de Paris (also known as École des Mines de Paris, ENSMP, les Mines, Mines Paris) is one of the French generalist and most prominent engineering Grandes Ecoles. ... The École nationale supérieure de Techniques Avancées (National higher school of Advanced Techniques), also known as ENSTA, is a French grande école in engineering. ... The École Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées (ENPC) (National school of Bridges and Roads), often referred to as les Ponts, is one of the French Grandes Écoles of engineering. ... The Institut dInformatique dEntreprise (IIE) is one of the French public Grandes écoles of engineering. ... Traditional coat of arms This article is about the historical duchy and French province, as well as the cultural area of Brittany. ...

The École Nationale de l'Aviation Civile (civilian air academy) also recruits taupins.


Biological and agricultural engineering

  • Institut National Agronomique Paris-Grignon (INA-PG);
  • École Nationale Supérieure d'Agronomie et des Industries Alimentaires (ENSAIA).

The Institut national agronomique Paris-Grignon (INA P-G) is a French grande école. ...

Business schools (Écoles de commerce)

French business schools are privately run, often by the regional chambers of commerce. Among the most prestigious are: Chambers of commerce are business advocacy groups which are usually not associated with government. ...

The ESSEC (École Supérieure des Sciences Économiques et Commerciales) is one of the leading business schools in France. ... View of Grenoble-EM. Grenoble Ecole de Management, GEM (Grenoble Graduate School of Management) is a European management school. ...

Military officer academies

While École Polytechnique is run by the Minister of Defense and its French students reserve officers in training, it is no longer a military academy and few of its students embrace a military career afterwards. There are three types of military academies: High school level institutions (up to age 19), university level institutions, and those only serving to prepare officer cadets for commissioning into the armed services of a state ( such as RMA Sandhurst ). United States usage The term Military School primarily refers to (middle...

Political and Administrative schools

These schools train students for certain civil service and other public-sector positions. However, many students who undertake studies in these schools do end up working in the private sector. It should be noted that some of the above engineering schools have special curricula for civil service training. A civil servant or public servant is a civilian career public-sector employee working for a government department or agency. ...

  • École nationale d'administration (ENA), whose alumni are known as énarques and generally take up high-level positions in government;
  • Institut d'études politiques de Paris (more widely known as Sciences Po), offering a broad and rigorous education for students destined to careers in many fields, but most prominently international public affairs (international relations, economics, political philosophy, sociology, and many others). Most students who enter the École nationale d'administration first completed up to 5 years of education at Sciences Po, whose students and alumni are referred to as sciences-potistes.
  • Institut d'études politiques de Rennes is Brittany's only Sciences Po.

See also: The École nationale dadministration (generally known as ENA) is the school where many of France senior officials are instructed. ... The Institut détudes politiques de Paris (Paris institute for political studies), familiarly known as Sciences Po, is Frances premier institute for the study and research of politics, international relations, and other related subjects. ... The Institut détudes politiques de Paris (Paris institute for political studies), familiarly known as Sciences Poo, is Frances premier institute for the study and research of politics, international relations, and other related subjects. ... International relations (IR) is an academic and public policy field, a branch of political science, dealing with the foreign policy of states within the international system, including the roles of international organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and multinational corporations (MNCs). ... Political philosophy is the study of the fundamental questions about the state, government, politics, property, law and the enforcement of a legal code by authority: what they are, why they are needed, what makes a government legitimate, what rights and freedoms it should protect and why, what form it should... Sociology is the study of the social lives of humans, groups and societies. ...

Education in France: Secondary education in France (collège and lycée) Baccalauréat (the final exam at the end of the lycée) Grandes Écoles List of universities in France See also Minister of National Education (France) Agence pour lEnseignement Français à lEtranger Categories: Education in France... A listing of universities and major tertiary education institutions in France. ...

External links

  • Graduate Schools (http://www.internationalgraduate.net/grandes.htm)

 
 

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