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Encyclopedia > Grand Union Canal
The canal at Braunston
The canal at Braunston

The Grand Union Canal is a canal in England and part of the British canal system. The main line of the waterway connects the two largest cities in England, London and Birmingham and stretches for 217 km (135 miles) and has 160 locks. The canal also has arms to places including Leicester, Slough, Aylesbury, Wendover and Northampton. Download high resolution version (1000x616, 179 KB)The Grand Union Canal seen here at Braunston in Northamptonshire, at the top right of the picture can be seen the spire of Braunston village church. ... Download high resolution version (1000x616, 179 KB)The Grand Union Canal seen here at Braunston in Northamptonshire, at the top right of the picture can be seen the spire of Braunston village church. ... The marina at Braunston Braunston is a village and civil parish in the county of Northamptonshire, England, It has a population of 1,675 (2001 census). ... The Canal du Midi in Toulouse, France Canals are man-made waterways, usually connecting existing lakes, rivers, or oceans. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: England Travel guide to England from Wikitravel English language English law English (people) List of monarchs of England – Kings of England family tree List of English people Angeln (region in northern Germany, presumably the origin of the Angles for whom England is named) UK... Waterways in the United Kingdom is a link page for any river, canal, firth or estuary in the United Kingdom. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: England Travel guide to England from Wikitravel English language English law English (people) List of monarchs of England – Kings of England family tree List of English people Angeln (region in northern Germany, presumably the origin of the Angles for whom England is named) UK... Part of the London skyline viewed from the South Bank London is the most populous city in the European Union, with an estimated population on 1 January 2005 of 7. ... The city from above Centenary Square. ... To help compare orders of magnitude; this page lists lengths between 100 and 1,000 km (105 and 106 m). ... Canal locks in England. ... Leicester city centre, looking towards the clock tower Leicester (pronounced ) is the largest city in the English East Midlands. ... Slough (pronounced ) is a town and unitary authority in the county of Berkshire in the south of England. ... St Marys Church, Aylesbury Aylesbury is the county town of Buckinghamshire in south central England. ... Location within the British Isles Wendover is a picturesque market town that sits at the foot of the Chiltern Hills in Buckinghamshire, England. ... This article is about Northampton in England; for other places of the same name see Northampton (disambiguation) Northampton Guildhall, built 1861-4, E.W. Godwin, architect Northampton is a large market town and a local government district in central England upon the River Nene, and the county town of Northamptonshire. ...


The Grand Union Canal was also the original name for part of what is now part of the Leicester Line of the modern Grand Union: this latter is now generally referred to as the Old Grand Union Canal where it is necessary to avoid ambiguity. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Grand Union Canal. ...

Contents


History

With competition from the railways having taken a large share of traffic in the second half of the 19th century, improvements in roads and vehicle technology in the early part of the 20th century meant that the lorry was also becoming a threat to the canals. Tolls had been reduced to compete with the railways, but there was little scope for further reduction. The Regent's Canal and Grand Junction Canal agreed that amalgamation and modernisation was the only way to remain competitive.


The (present) Grand Union Canal came into being on 1 January 1929, extended in 1932. It was formed from the amalgamation of several different canals: January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

  • Regent's Canal
  • Hertford Union Canal – bought by the Regent's Canal in 1857
  • Warwick and Napton Canal – bought by the Regent's Canal in 1927
  • Warwick and Birmingham Canal – bought by the Regent's Canal in 1927
  • Birmingham and Warwick Junction Canal – bought by the Regent's Canal in 1927
  • Grand Junction Canal – bought by the Regent's Canal in 1927
  • Old Grand Union Canal – bought by the Grand Junction in 1894
  • Leicestershire and Northamptonshire Union Canal – bought by the Grand Junction in 1894
  • Leicester Navigation – bought by the Grand Union in 1932
  • Loughborough Navigation – bought by the Grand Union in 1932
  • Erewash Canal – bought by the Grand Union in 1932

A 5-mile (8-km) section of the Oxford Canal forms the route of the main line of the Grand Union between Braunston and Napton. Although the Grand Union intended to buy the Oxford Canal and Coventry Canal, this did not take place. The Regents Canal is a canal across an area just to the north of central London. ... The Hertford Union Canal is a short stretch (c. ... The Grand Junction Canal was a canal in England from Braunston in Northamptonshire to the River Thames at Brentford, with a number of branches. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Grand Union Canal. ... The Erewash Canal is a broad canal in Derbyshire, England. ... Coventry Canal nr Fradley The Coventry Canal is a narrow Canal in England which travels for 38 miles (65 km) between Coventry and Fradley Junction,just north of Lichfield, where it joins the Trent and Mersey Canal. ...


The section of the main line between Brentford and Braunston (formerly the Grand Junction Canal), was built as a 'wide' or 'broad' canal - that is, its locks were wide enough to accommodate two narrowboats abreast (side by side) or a single wide barge up to 14 feet (4.27 m) in beam.


However, the onward section from Braunston to Birmingham was built as 'narrow' canals – that is, the locks could accommodate only a single narrowboat. An Act of Parliament of 1931 was passed authorising a key part of the modernisation scheme of the Grand Union, supported by Government grants. The narrow locks (and several bridges) between Napton and Camp Hill Top Lock in Birminahm were rebuilt to take widebeam boats or barges upto 12 feet 6 inches (3.81 metres) in beam, or two narrowboats. The canal was dredged and bank improvements carried out: the depth was increased to 5 feet 6 inches (1.68 metres) to allow heavier cargoes, and the minimum width increased to 26 feet (7.92 metres) to enable two boats of 12 feet 6 inches to pass. Lock works were completed in 1934 when the Duke of Kent opened the new broad locks at Hatton, and other improvements finished by 1937. HRH The Duke of Kent Duke of Kent is a title which has been created various times in the peerages of Great Britain and the United Kingdom, most recently as a royal dukedom for the fourth son of King George V of the United Kingdom. ...


However, these improvements to depth and width were never carried out between Brauston and London, nor were the locks from the top of Camp Hill Locks in Birmingham widened.


The three sections between Norton junction and the River Trent (collectively known as the 'Leicester line') are mixed in size. From Norton to Foxton, the route is a narrow canal. From below Foxton to Leicester it is a wide canal. From Leicester to the Trent, the route is effectively the River Soar and the locks and bridges are wide. Another Act of 1931 authorised the widening of the locks at Watford and Foxton, but with Government grants for this section not forthcoming, the work was not carried out. The 4-lock staircase, part of Watford Locks on the Grand Union Canal Watford Locks are seven locks on the Leicester Line of the Grand Union Canal, close to the village of Watford in Northamptonshire, famous for the Watford Gap service area. ... Upper staircase of Foxton Locks Foxton Locks are ten canal locks consisting of two staircases each of five locks, located on the Leicester line of the Grand Union Canal about 5 km west of the Leicestershire town of Market Harborough and are named after the nearby village of Foxton. ...


The Grand Union Canal was nationalised in 1948, control transferring to the British Transport Commission, and in 1962 to the British Waterways Board, later British Waterways. Commercial traffic continued to decline, effectively ceasing in the 1970s. However, leisure traffic took over, and the canal is now as busy as it ever was, with use boating complemented by fishing, towpath walking and gongoozling. The British Transport Commission was created by Clement Attlees post-war Labour government as a part of its nationalisation programme, to oversee railways, canals and road freight transport in the UK. Its first chairman was Lord Hurcomb. ... British Waterways is a government body sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA) and the Scottish Executive in the United Kingdom. ... Categories: Stub | Recreation | Canals in the United Kingdom ...

A lock at Apsley
A lock at Apsley

Grand Union Canal Aplsey lock This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Grand Union Canal Aplsey lock This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ...

Route

The canal starts at Brentford on the River Thames in west London. Brentford is a place in in the London Borough of Hounslow on the River Thames in west London. ... Several places exist with the name Thames, and the word is also used as part of several brand and company names Most famous is the River Thames in England, on which the city of London stands Other Thames Rivers There is a Thames River in Canada There is a Thames... Part of the London skyline viewed from the South Bank London is the most populous city in the European Union, with an estimated population on 1 January 2005 of 7. ...


From the large canal basin known as Brentford dock, the canal follows the course of the River Brent, rising through the Hanwell flight of locks to Norwood Green. It then heads westward over level ground through Southall, Hayes and West Drayton until it reaches the valley of the River Colne where it swings northward to Cowley near Uxbridge. The Brent is a river in south-east England. ... Hanwell is a place in the London Borough of Ealing in west London. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Southall is a London suburb in the London Borough of Ealing. ... Hayes is the popular name for Hayes Communications (named after Dennis Hayes, founder), creator of the original self-dialing smart modem. ... West Drayton is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon to the west of central London. ... There are several rivers named Colne: River Colne, Essex - passing through Colchester River Colne, Hertfordshire - tributary of the River Thames, passing through London Colney and other parts of Hertfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Greater London and Surrey River Colne, West Yorkshire - passing through Huddersfield. ... Cowley is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon. ... Uxbridge is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon in west London. ...


Three miles (5 km) from Norwood on this long level is Bulls Bridge Junction, once the site of the Grand Union Canal Carrying Company's main dockyard. At Bulls Bridge, the Paddington arm branches off to the north and runs 12 miles (19 km) to join the Regents Canal at Little Venice (see below). Just before Uxbridge is Cowley Peachey junction, where the Slough arm branches off westward. Slough (pronounced ) is a town and unitary authority in the county of Berkshire in the south of England. ...


At Cowley, the canal begins to climb the valley of the River Colne following a north-westerly course. After Uxbridge, there are many disused gravel workings in the valley so the canal is surrounded by lakes as it passes Denham and Harefield before veering north-east to Rickmansworth. Uxbridge is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon in west London. ... Harefield is a village in the London Borough of Hillingdon. ... Rickmansworth is a town in the Three Rivers district of Hertfordshire, England. ...


From Rickmansworth, the canal follows the valley of the River Gade, a tributary of the Colne. After passing the site of Croxley paper mill, the canal skirts Watford through Cassiobury Park, passes under the M25 motorway and approaches Kings Langley. The canal here passes the site of the former Ovaltine factory, which was once supplied with raw materials by canal. The River Gade is a river in England. ... Watford is a town and district (styled as borough due to the historical charter granted by Henry VIII) just to the north-west of London. ... A chromolithograph of Cassiobury House, published around 1880. ... The M25 motorway looking south between junctions 14 and 15, near Heathrow Airport. ... Kings Langley is a village in the borough of Dacorum in the county of Hertfordshire, England on the southern edge of the Chiltern Hills. ... A pack of ready-to-drink Ovaltine Ovaltine (registered trademark of Novartis Nutrition Corporation) is a brand of milk flavoring product made with sugar, malt extract, cocoa, and whey, by Wander AG, a subsidiary of Novartis Consumer Goods. ...


By now the locks are becoming more frequent as the climb into the Chiltern Hills steepens. The original four locks here were replaced in 1819 by five shallower ones to alleviate problems with water supply to the nearby paper mills. This realigned the canal to the south of its former course; the locks here are still referred to - without irony - as "The New 'Uns" by traditional boaters, and the term has been passed on to a new generation of canal users. The Chiltern Hills are a chalk escarpment that stretches in a south-west to north-east diagonal from Goring-On-Thames to Luton, but is most prominent in Buckinghamshire. ... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Afer Kings Langley and Apsley - the site of more former paper mills - the canal passes Hemel Hempstead and Boxmoor Common. Next come Bourne End with the well-known swingbridge at Winkwell, and Berkhamsted. The last few miles to Tring summit follows the course of the River Bulbourne. At Cowroast Lock the canal reaches the 3-mile (5-km) long summit level at Tring in the Chiltern hills, having risen through 54 locks since Brentford. Kings Langley is a village in the borough of Dacorum in the county of Hertfordshire, England on the southern edge of the Chiltern Hills. ... Apsley is a town in the county of Hertfordshire, England. ... Hemel Hempstead is a town in Hertfordshire, England with a population of 81,143 at the 2001 Census. ... Bourne End is a village in Hertfordshire. ... A swing bridge is a bridge that has its primary structural support at or near to its center, about which it can then pivot horizontally. ... Location within the British Isles Arms of Berkhamsted Town Council The walls of Berkhamsted castle Berkhamsted (since 1937, former spellings include Berkhampstead, or Berkhamstead, and also known colloquially as Berko) is a historic town of some 19,000 people, situated in the west of Hertfordshire, to the north-west of... Map sources for Tring at grid reference SP924117 Tring is a small market town in the Chiltern Hills in Hertfordshire, England with a population 13,000. ...


At the north-west end of the summit level is Bulbourne Works, where lock gates are manufactured for the southern canal network. Half a mile (800 m) further on, the canal reaches the top of the Marsworth flight of seven locks, which begin the descent to the Vale of Aylesbury. The Wendover arm branches off westwards from the summit level under a bridge adjacent to Marsworth top lock. A few hundred yards (metres) beyond the bottom lock of the flight, the Aylesbury arm branches off to the south west. The Aylesbury Vale (or Vale of Aylesbury) is a large area of flat land largely to be found in Buckinghamshire, England. ... Location within the British Isles Wendover is a picturesque market town that sits at the foot of the Chiltern Hills in Buckinghamshire, England. ... St Marys Church, Aylesbury Aylesbury is the county town of Buckinghamshire in south central England. ...


The Grand Union crosses the wide valley gradually, descending by interspersed locks past the villages of Cheddington, Horton and Slapton until it reaches Leighton Buzzard. Traditionally this section of the canal is called "Slapton Fields" or just "The Fields" by boaters. Location within the British Isles Arms of the Leighton-Linslade Town Council Leighton Buzzard is a town near the Chiltern Hills in Bedfordshire, and is between Luton and Milton Keynes. ...


A few miles further on it enters Milton Keynes at the outskirts of Bletchley at Fenny Stratford lock, which is unusual in lowering the level by only 12 inches (30 cm). The next stretch of 11 miles (18 km) on the level takes the canal through the new city, where there is a marina. (There is a bid [1] to dig a new arm from here to the Great Ouse at Bedford). Leaving Milton Keynes at Wolverton, the canal runs on a high embankment before passing over the Great Ouse at Cosgrove "Iron Trunk" aqueduct. Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Milton Keynes Milton Keynes (pronounced ) is a purpose-built, high technology city in South East England. ... Bletchley is a town in what is now Milton Keynes new city. ... Fenny Stratford is a town in the Unitary Authority of Milton Keynes, in England. ... For other uses of this word, see Marina (disambiguation). ... The Great Ouse at St Neots The River Great Ouse is a river in the east of England. ... Bedford is the county town of the English county of Bedfordshire. ... Wolverton may mean the following. ... Cosgrove is a village in Northamptonshire, England just north of Milton Keynes. ... Pont du Gard, France, a Roman era aqueduct circa 19 BC, it is one of Frances top tourist attractions at over 1. ...

Top lock at Stoke Bruerne
Top lock at Stoke Bruerne

After rising through Cosgrove lock, (and passing the start of the abandoned Buckingham Arm) another long level section brings the canal to the bottom of the Stoke Bruerne flight of seven locks. At the top of this flight is the Stoke Bruerne Canal Museum followed shortly by Blisworth tunnel, at 3056 yards (2794 m) one of the longest on the canal network. Image File history File links Narrowboats in the top lock of the Stoke Bruerne flight. ... Image File history File links Narrowboats in the top lock of the Stoke Bruerne flight. ... Categories: UK geography stubs | Villages in Northamptonshire | British visitor attractions ... Categories: UK geography stubs | Villages in Northamptonshire | British visitor attractions ... Stoke Bruerne Canal Museum is a canal museum located next to the Grand Union Canal, near the village of Stoke Bruerne in Northamptonshire England. ... Southern entrance to Blisworth Tunnel Blisworth Tunnel is a canal tunnel on the Grand Union Canal in Northamptonshire, England between the villages of Stoke Bruerne (southern end) and Blisworth (northern end). ...


Once clear of the tunnel, the canal passes Blisworth village and reaches Gayton junction where the Northampton arm branches off to the east. This arm has a dozen locks as it descends to join the navigable River Nene (see below). The long level stretch continues past several villages including Heyford and Weedon Bec and is very rural in character. Blisworth is a village and civil parish in the South Northamptonshire district of Northamptonshire, in England. ... This article is about Northampton in England; for other places of the same name see Northampton (disambiguation) Northampton Guildhall, built 1861-4, E.W. Godwin, architect Northampton is a large market town and a local government district in central England upon the River Nene, and the county town of Northamptonshire. ... The River Nene is a river in the east of England. ... Weedon Bec (usually called just Weedon) is a large village and parish in the Daventry district of Northamptonshire, England. ...


At Wilton, the canal reaches the bottom of the Buckby flight of seven locks which raise it to Braunston summit although the village of that name is still 5 miles (8 km) distant. Beyond the top lock is Norton junction where the Leicester line (not strictly a branch) heads off north. A few miles further on the canal passes through the 2040-yard (1865-m) Braunston tunnel, which pierces a low range of hills that are part of the Northamptonshire uplands. Wilton is the name of several places in England: Wilton, a place in the county of Cumbria. ... The marina at Braunston Braunston is a village and civil parish in the county of Northamptonshire, England, It has a population of 1,675 (2001 census). ... Northamptonshire (abbreviated Northants or Nhants) is a landlocked county in central England with a population of 629,676 (2001 census). ...


The canal then drops down the Braunston flight of six locks till it reaches Braunston junction, just over 93 miles (150 km) from Brentford.


The Birmingham "main line"

At Braunston junction, the Oxford Canal diverges north and south. The north section leads to Rugby and Coventry; the southward fork carries both the Oxford Canal and the Grand Union for 5 miles (8 km) to Napton junction. Here, the Grand Union heads west towards north towards Birmingham, while the Oxford Canal veers south towards Banbury and Oxford. Rugby is a market town in the county of Warwickshire in central England on the River Avon. ... The Precinct in Coventry city centre Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands of England. ... Napton-on-the-Hill often referred to as just Napton is a small village in the county of Warwickshire England, with a population of 976 (2001 census). ... The city from above Centenary Square. ... The modern shopping centre in Banbury is built alongside the Oxford Canal Map sources for Banbury at grid reference SP4540 Banbury is a market town on the River Cherwell in Oxfordshire, England. ... Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 (2001 census). ...


Shortly after Napton Junction, the Grand Union reaches three locks at Calcutt, which begin the descent to the Warwickshire River Avon. After a 3-mile (5-km) level, the canal descends into the valley of the River Leam by the Stockton flight of ten locks (often known as 'the Itchington ten'). Above the eighth lock down the flight, a short arm (now used as pleasure craft moorings) used to serve Southam cement works. Warwickshire (pronounced either /ˈwɔːɹɪkˌʃə/ or /ˈwɔːɹɪkˌʃɪə/) is a landlocked non-metropolitan county in central England. ... The River Avon or Avon is a river in or adjoining the counties of Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Warwickshire, Worcestershire and Gloucestershire in the midlands of England. ... The River Leam is a river which flows through east and southern Warwickshire. ... Southam is a small market town in the Stratford-on-Avon district of Warwickshire, England. ...


From the bottom of the locks, a 3-mile (5-km) level leads to the four Bascote locks. The top two form a 'riser' or staircase (see Canal lock). Six more interspersed locks lead to Radford, after which a 5-mile (8-km) level takes the canal through Leamington Spa to Warwick. Between these two towns, the canal crosses the River Avon on an aqueduct. Canal locks in England. ... The Royal Pump Rooms and Baths Leamington Spa, (Properly Royal Leamington Spa but commonly called just Leamington) (pronounced Lemmington — IPA: ) is a spa town in central Warwickshire, in England. ... Map sources for Warwick at grid reference SP2865 Warwick (pronounced warrick ) is the historic county town of Warwickshire in England and has a population of 25,434 (2001 census). ...


At Warwick, the canal rises by two locks to Budbroke junction (formerly the junction with the then-independent Warwick and Birmingham canal). After half a mile, it reaches the bottom of the Hatton flight of 21 locks that lift the canal up out of the Avon valley. The first ten locks are interspersed but from the middle lock the flight is tightly-spaced.


Three miles (5 km) from Hatton top lock the canal passes through Shrewley tunnel and then passes Rowington village to Kingswood junction where a short spur connects with the Stratford-upon-Avon Canal. Another 3 miles (5 km) lead to the Knowle flight of five locks. Finally, an 11-mile (18-km) level takes the canal through Elmdon Heath, Solihull, Acocks Green, and Tyseley to the heart of Birmingham. Categories: Stub | Canals in the United Kingdom | Warwickshire ... Map sources for Knowle at grid reference SP1876 Knowle (IPA: , or in some older or RP speakers) is a small town in the West Midlands borough of Solihull, in England a few miles east of the town of Solihull. ...


The main line may be considered to terminate at Bordesley. From here, there are two routes, both part of the Grand Union Canal. The original line of the Warwick and Birmingham Canal leads to the Birmingham Canal Navigations at Worcester Bar, while the later line of the Birmingham and Warwick Junction Canal leads to the Birmingham and Fazeley Canal at Salford Junction which in turn has connections to the Coventry Canal and the Trent and Mersey Canal. Birmingham Canal Navigations (BCN) is a network of canals linking Birmingham, England to Wolverhampton and the Black Country. ... The Birmingham and Fazeley Canal is a canal in the West Midlands of England, between Birmingham and Fazeley, just outside Tamworth. ... Coventry Canal nr Fradley The Coventry Canal is a narrow Canal in England which travels for 38 miles (65 km) between Coventry and Fradley Junction,just north of Lichfield, where it joins the Trent and Mersey Canal. ... The Trent and Mersey Canal is a canal linking the River Trent at Shardlow in Derbyshire to the River Mersey at Runcorn in Cheshire. ...


The Leicester Line

Formed by amalgamations of once-independent canals, the 'Leicester Line' of the Grand Union Canal runs north from Norton junction for about 35 miles (56 km) until it reaches Leicester, where it joins the River Soar to provide a link to the River Trent and to the Trent and Mersey Canal. It includes notable tunnels south of Crick 1528 yd (1397 m) and north of Husbands Bosworth 1166 yd (1066 m) The village of Crick is home to a popular annual boat show. Leicester city centre, looking towards the clock tower Leicester (pronounced ) is the largest city in the English East Midlands. ... The river in Leicester The River Soar is a tributary of the River Trent in the English East Midlands. ... The River Trent is one of the major rivers of England. ... The Trent and Mersey Canal is a canal linking the River Trent at Shardlow in Derbyshire to the River Mersey at Runcorn in Cheshire. ... Crick is a village in the Daventry district of the county of Northamptonshire in England. ... Husbands Bosworth is a large crossroads village in South Leicestershire on the A5199 road from Leicester city to Northampton and the road from Junction 20 of the M1 motorway to Market Harborough. ... The Crick Boat Show, organised by British Waterways, has quickly established itself as one of Englands most notable annual canal-based events. ...


Also on this section a well-known feature is Foxton Locks, ten locks formed of two staircases each of five locks. Beside the locks is the site of a long-abandoned inclined plane boat lift. Upper staircase of Foxton Locks Foxton Locks are ten canal locks consisting of two staircases each of five locks, located on the Leicester line of the Grand Union Canal about 5 km west of the Leicestershire town of Market Harborough and are named after the nearby village of Foxton. ... An inclined plane is a system used on some canals for raising boats between different water levels. ... A boat lift or lift lock is a machine for transporting boats between two different water heights, and is an alternative to the canal lock and the canal inclined plane. ...


Branches

The Grand Union Canal has several branches, usually termed 'arms'. Five miles (8 km) from Brentford, the Paddington arm leads to Paddington Basin and just north-west of the Basin at 'Little Venice' it connects to the Regent's Canal. At Cowley Peachey, the Slough arms runs 5 miles (8 km) to the west. At Marsworth, about 35 miles (56 km) from Brentford, two arms leave the main line, one to Wendover (not currently navigable for its full length but being restored by the Wendover Arm Trust) and the other descends through several locks for 4 miles (6 km) to Aylesbury. From Gayton, about 60 miles (97 km) from Brentford, the Northampton arm links with the River Nene. Brentford is a place in in the London Borough of Hounslow on the River Thames in west London. ... Paddington Basin is an area of London at Paddington. ... Little Venice is an area of central London, situated north-west of Paddington station. ... The Regents Canal is a canal across an area just to the north of central London. ... Slough (pronounced ) is a town and unitary authority in the county of Berkshire in the south of England. ... Brentford is a place in in the London Borough of Hounslow on the River Thames in west London. ... Location within the British Isles Wendover is a picturesque market town that sits at the foot of the Chiltern Hills in Buckinghamshire, England. ... St Marys Church, Aylesbury Aylesbury is the county town of Buckinghamshire in south central England. ... Gayton is the name of a number of places in Engalnd: Gayton Engine, Lincolnshire Gayton le Marsh Lincolnshire Gayton le Wold Lincolnshire Gayton, Norfolk Gayton Thorpe, Norfolk Gayton, Northamptonshire Gayton, Staffordshire Gayton, Wirral This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... This article is about Northampton in England; for other places of the same name see Northampton (disambiguation) Northampton Guildhall, built 1861-4, E.W. Godwin, architect Northampton is a large market town and a local government district in central England upon the River Nene, and the county town of Northamptonshire. ... The River Nene is a river in the east of England. ...


On the Leicester Line there are two arms. One is 1 mile (1.6 km) long and leads to the village of Welford. The other leaves the main canal at the bottom of Foxton locks and runs 5 miles (8 km) to Market Harborough. Welford is a village and civil parish in England. ... The stilted Grammar School Market Harborough is a market town in Leicestershire, England, upon the River Welland. ...


New extension

On 28 February 2003 British Waterways announced a plan to build Britain's first new canal for about 100 years, a connection from the Grand Union at Milton Keynes to the River Great Ouse at Bedford. The canal will be built by the B&MK (Bedford and Milton Keynes) Partnership, which will include British Waterways, waterways campaign groups, and local councils. The new waterway will cost about £150M (€220M,US$240M) and will create a new cruising ring connecting through from the Grand Union to the waterways of East Anglia. Rings are very important to the leisure cruising business because many holiday boat hirers prefer a "circular" route to a there-and-back linear trip. If all the necessary permissions and funding are obtained, construction could start in 2007 and finish in 2010. More information is available at the external links below. February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... British Waterways is a government body sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA) and the Scottish Executive in the United Kingdom. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Milton Keynes Milton Keynes (pronounced ) is a purpose-built, high technology city in South East England. ... The Great Ouse at St Neots The River Great Ouse is a river in the east of England. ... Bedford is the county town of the English county of Bedfordshire. ... Norfolk and Suffolk, the core area of East Anglia. ...


See also

For canals of Northern Ireland see the Canals of Ireland article // History See History of the British canal system for a more detailed history. ... // Early history Evidence suggests that the first British canals were built in Roman times, often as irrigation canals or short connecting spurs between navigable rivers, such as Foss Dyke. ... The Grand Union Canal Race (GUCR) is an ultramarathon run from the centre of Birmingham to the centre of London along the Grand Union Canal. ...

External links

New waterway external links

  • Bedford and Milton Keynes Waterway Trust - campaign group for the new canal. See their press release page for detailed route map.
  • First British canal for 100 years announced - Guardian newspaper article
  • Route chosen for £150m link canal - BBC News story

  Results from FactBites:
 
Grand Union Canal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2508 words)
The Grand Union Canal was also the original name for part of what is now part of the Leicester Line of the modern Grand Union: this latter is now generally referred to as the Old Grand Union Canal where it is necessary to avoid ambiguity.
The canal was dredged and bank improvements carried out: the depth was increased to 5 feet 6 inches (1.68 metres) to allow heavier cargoes, and the minimum width increased to 26 feet (7.92 metres) to enable two boats of 12 feet 6 inches to pass.
The Grand Union Canal was nationalised in 1948, control transferring to the British Transport Commission, and in 1962 to the British Waterways Board, later British Waterways.
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