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Encyclopedia > Grand Duchy of Poznan
Grand Duchy of Poznan
Grand Duchy of Poznan coat of arms
Polish statehood
See also Polish history series

Kingdom of Poland (Piasts)
Kingdom of Poland (Jagiellonian)
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Duchy of Warsaw
Congress Poland
Grand Duchy of Poznań
Free City of Kraków
Kingdom of Poland
Second Polish Republic
Polish government-in-exile
People's Republic of Poland
Poland
edit box (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Polish_Statehood&action=edit) Grand Duchy of Poznan File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Grand Duchy of Poznan File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Coat of Arms of Poland from the times of the Piast Dynasty. ... History of Poland is filled with the struggle to get, keep, and regain freedom—the pride of Poles and main value of Polish culture. ... Kingdom of the first Piasts (Regnum Poloniae) was the state formed by the Boleslaus I of Poland in 1025 during his coronation. ... The Jagiellon Era 1385-1572, was dominated by the union of Poland with Lithuania under the Jagiellon Dynasty, founded by the Lithuanian grand duke Jagiello. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 158,000 km² Population about 3 million Existed 1807 - 1814 The Duchy of Warsaw (Polish: Księstwo Warszawskie, Latin: Ducatus Varsoviae, French: Duche de Varsovie) was a Polish state established... The term Congress Poland is an unofficial name of the Kingdom of Poland, a political entity that was created out of the Duchy of Warsaw at the Congress of Vienna in 1815, when European powers reorganised Europe following the Napoleonic wars. ... The Free City of Kraków (Polish: Wolne Miasto Kraków), also known as Republic of Kraków (Rzeczpospolita Krakowska), was a city-state created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 and controlled by its three neighbors, Russia, Prussia and Austria until 1846. ... Kingdom of Poland was the state proclaimed by the Imperial Germany and Austria-Hungary from the areas of the former Congress Poland on November 5, 1916. ... Second Polish Republic 1921-1939 The Second Polish Republic is an unofficial name applied to the Republic of Poland between World War I and World War II. When the borders of the state were fixed in 1921, it had an area of 388. ... The Government of the Polish Republic in exile maintained a continuous existence in exile from the time of the German occupation of Poland in September 1939 until the end of the Communist rule in Poland in 1990. ... The Peoples Republic of Poland (Polish: Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa, PRL) was the official name of Poland from 1952 to 1989, during its period of rule by the Communist party, officially called the Polish United Workers Party (Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza, or PZPR). ...

Grand Duchy of Poznań (Polish: Wielkie Księstwo Poznańskie, German: Grossherzogtum Posen) was province of Prussia in the Polish lands commonly known as "Great Poland" between the years 1815-1918. The name was then still unofficially used for denoting the territory, especially by Poles, and today it's used also by modern historians to describe different political entities untill 1918. The Poznan is also a breed of horse, There is also American Poznan, OH. The title given to this article lacks diacritics because of certain technical limitations. ... Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: Wielkopolska, German: Grosspolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is one of the historical regions of Poland. ... 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...

Contents

Area and population

The area was 28 951 km and contained most of the territories of the historical province of Greater Poland, which comprised the western parts of the Duchy of Warsaw (Departments of Poznań, Bydgoszcz, partly Kalisz) that were ceded to the Kingdom of Prussia according to the Congress of Vienna (1815) with an international guarantee of self administration and free development of the Polish nation. Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: Wielkopolska, German: Grosspolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is one of the historical regions of Poland. ... Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 158,000 km² Population about 3 million Existed 1807 - 1814 The Duchy of Warsaw (Polish: Księstwo Warszawskie, Latin: Ducatus Varsoviae, French: Duche de Varsovie) was a Polish state established... Poznań Department (Polish: Departament Poznański) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Polish Duchy of Warsaw in years 1806-1815. ... Bydgoszcz Department (Polish: Departament bydgoski) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Polish Duchy of Warsaw in years 1806- 1815. ... Kalisz Department (Polish: Departament Kaliski) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Polish Duchy of Warsaw in years 1806- 1815. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen or Preussen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prūsai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and... The Congress of Vienna was a conference between ambassadors from the major powers in Europe that was chaired by the Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and held in Vienna, Austria, from October 1, 1814, to June 9, 1815. ... 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Population:

  • 776,000 (1815)
  • 820,000 (1816)
  • 1,350,000 (1849)
  • 2,100,000 (1910)

Territorial administration

The monarch of the Duchy was the Prussian King (a Hohenzollern) and his representative was the Governor-General: the first was prince Antoni Radziwiłł (1815-1831), who was married to Princess Luise of Prussia, the king's cousin. The governor was assigned to give advice in matters of Polish nationality, and had the right to veto the administration decisions; in reality, however, all administrative power was in the hands of the Prussian over-president of the province. Aerial view of the castle, Hohenzollern, Germany. ... Antoni Henryk Radziwiłł. ...


The Prussian administrative unit that covered the territory of the Duchy was called the Province of the Grand Duchy of Poznań in the years 1815-1849, and later to simplify just the Province of Poznań (Polish: Prowincja Poznańska, German: Provinz Posen). 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


The territory of the duchy was divided into 2 districts (Polish: Rejencja, German: Regierungsbezirk): Poznań Disctrict, Bydgoszcz District, which were further divided into 26 original counties (Polish: Powiat(y), German: Kreis(e)) administered by the "landrats" ("county councils"). Later, these were redivided into 40 counties, plus 2 urban districts. In 1824, the Duchy also received the provincial council (term started in 1827) but with little administrative power, limited to providing advice. In 1817, Chelmno land was moved to West Prussia. Poznań District was the southern of two administrative districts (Polish:Rejencja, German: Regierungsbezirk) of the Grand Duchy of Poznań (1815-1918) (later also called Province of Poznań (1849-1918) by the Prussian administration. ... Bydgoszcz District (Polish: Rejencja Bydgoska, German Regirugnsbezirk Bromberg) was the northern of two administrative districts of the Grand Duchy of Poznan (1815-1918) later also called the Province of Poznań (1849-1918). ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Chelmno Land or Culmland (Polish: Ziemia Chełmińska, German: Kulmerland, Kulmer Land, Culmerland or Culmer Land) is the traditional name for a district around the city of Chełmno, in north-western Poland. ... One of four districts of East Prussia in 1920 - 1938. ...


The territorial administration in 1897:


Poznan District, (Rejencja Poznańska), Poznań

(English county name, Polish county name, county town) (plase note that at this time Polish county names were written with capital letters) Poznań District was the southern of two administrative districts (Polish:Rejencja, German: Regierungsbezirk) of the Grand Duchy of Poznań (1815-1918) (later also called Province of Poznań (1849-1918) by the Prussian administration. ... The Poznan is also a breed of horse, There is also American Poznan, OH. The title given to this article lacks diacritics because of certain technical limitations. ...

    • Babimost County, (Powiat Babimojski), Babimost
    • Gostyń County, (Powiat Gostyński), Gostyń
    • Grodzisk County, (Powiat Grodziski), Grodzisk Wielkopolski
    • Jarocin County, (Powiat Jarociński), Jarocin
    • Kępno County, (Powiat Kępiński), Kępno
    • Kościan County, (Powiat Kościański), Kościan
    • Koźmin County, (Powiat Koźmiński), Koźmin
    • Krotoszyn County, (Powiat Krotoszyński), Krotoszyn
    • Leszno County, (Powiat Leszczyński), Leszno
    • Międzychód County, (Powiat Międzychodzki), Międzychód
    • Międzyrzecz County, (Powiat Międzyrzecki), Międzyrzec
    • Nowy Tomyśl County, (Powiat Nowotomyski), Nowy Tomyśl
    • Oborniki County, (Powiat Obornicki), Oborniki Wiekopolskie
    • Odolanów County, (Powiat Odolanowski), Odolanów
    • Ostrów County, (Powiat Ostrowski), Ostrów Wielkopolski
    • Ostrzeszów County, (Powiat Ostrzeszowski), Ostrzeszów
    • Pleszew County, (Powiat Pleszewski), Pleszew
    • Poznań City, (Miasto Poznań), Poznań
    • Poznań East County, (Powiat Poznański Wschodni), Poznań
    • Poznań West County, (Powiat Poznański Zachodni), Poznań
    • Rawicz County, (Powiat Rawicki), Rawicz
    • Skwierzyna County, (Powiat Skwierzyński), Skwierzyna
    • Szamotuły County, (Powiat Szamotulski), Szamotuły
    • Śmigiel County, (Powiat Śmigielski), Śmigiel
    • Śrem County, (Powiat Śremski), Śrem
    • Środa County, (Powiat Średzki), Środa Wielkopolska
    • Września County, (Powiat Wrzesiński), Września
    • Wschowa County, (Powiat Wschowski), Wschowa

Babimost is a small town in Poland in the Lubusz Voivodship, Zielona Gora County. ... Gostyń is a town in central Poland with 20,600 inhabitants (1995). ... Grodzisk Wielkopolski is a town in central Poland, situated in the Greater Poland Voivodship (since 1999), previously in Poznan Voivodship (1975-1998). ... Jarocin is a town in central Poland with 25,700 inhabitants (1995). ... Kepno is a town in Poland. ... Kościan. ... Krotoszyn(German Krotoschin) is a town in central Poland with 28,900 inhabitants as of 1995. ... Coat of Arms of Leszno Leszno (pronunciation) is a town in central Poland with 63,300 inhabitants (2001). ... Miedzyrzecz County (in Polish powiat międzyrzecki) is a unit of territorial administration and local government in the Lubusz Voivodship in Poland, created on 1st January 1999 as a result of the Local Government Reorganization Act of 1998. ... Ostrów Wielkopolski (often abbreviated , formerly called only Ostrów or Ostrowo, Latin: Ostrovia) is a town in central Poland with 73100 inhabitants (2005). ... The Poznan is also a breed of horse, There is also American Poznan, OH. The title given to this article lacks diacritics because of certain technical limitations. ... The Poznan is also a breed of horse, There is also American Poznan, OH. The title given to this article lacks diacritics because of certain technical limitations. ... The Poznan is also a breed of horse, There is also American Poznan, OH. The title given to this article lacks diacritics because of certain technical limitations. ... The Poznan is also a breed of horse, There is also American Poznan, OH. The title given to this article lacks diacritics because of certain technical limitations. ... Rawicz is a town in central Poland with 21,500 inhabitants (1995). ... Skwierzyna (Schwerin an der Warthe in German) is a small town in Lubuskie, western Poland. ... For the region in Europe, see Srem (region) For the Polish city, see Śrem, Poland This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Środa Wielkopolska is a town in central Poland with 21,400 inhabitants (1995). ... Września is a town in central Poland with 28,600 inhabitants (1995). ... Wschowa County (in Polish powiat ) is a unit of territorial administration and local government in the Lubusz Voivodship in Poland, created on 1st January 2002 as a result of decision of Council of Ministers of 2001. ...

Bydgoszcz District (Rejencja Bydgoska), Bydgoszcz

(English county name, Polish county name, county town) (plase note that at this time Polish county names were written with capital letters) Bydgoszcz District (Polish: Rejencja Bydgoska, German Regirugnsbezirk Bromberg) was the northern of two administrative districts of the Grand Duchy of Poznan (1815-1918) later also called the Province of Poznań (1849-1918). ... Bydgoszcz (in Polish pronounce: [:bidgɔʃʧ], Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004). ...

    • Bydgoszcz City, (Miasto Bydgoszcz), Bydgoszcz
    • Bydgoszcz County, (Powiat Bydgoski), Bydgoszcz
    • Chodzież County, (Powiat Chodzieski), Chodzież
    • Czarnków County, (Powiat Czarnkowski), Czarnków
    • Gniezno County, (Powiat Gnieźnieński), Gniezno
    • Inowrocław County, (Powiat Inowrocławski), Inowrocław
    • Mogilno County, (Powiat Mogileński), Mogilno
    • Strzelno County, (Powiat Strzelneński), Strzelno
    • Szubin County, (Powiat Szubiński), Szubin
    • Wągrowiec County, (Powiat Wągrowiecki), Wągrowiec
    • Wieleń County, (Powiat Wieleński), Wieleń
    • Witkowo County, (Powiat Witkowski), Witkowo
    • Wyrzysk County, (Powiat Wyrzyski), Wyrzysk
    • Żnin County, (Powiat Żniński), Żnin

Bydgoszcz (in Polish pronounce: [:bidgɔʃʧ], Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004). ... Bydgoszcz (in Polish pronounce: [:bidgɔʃʧ], Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004). ... Bydgoszcz (in Polish pronounce: [:bidgɔʃʧ], Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004). ... Chodzież is a town in north-western Poland with 20,400 inhabitants (1995). ... Czarnków is a town in Poland. ... Motto: none Voivodship Greater Poland Municipal government Mayor Jaromir Dziel Area 40,9 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 71 040 none 1737/km² Founded City rights 8th century 1239 Latitude Longitude 52°32 N 17°36 E Area code +48 61 Car plates PGN Twin towns Anagni, Esztergom, Falkenberg, Saint... Inowrocław is a town in northern Poland. ... Mogilno is a town in central Poland, situated in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodship (since 1999), previously in Bydgoszcz Voivodship (1975-1998). ... Powiat of Wągrowiec (Polish Powiat Wągrowiecki) is a unit of territorial division in the Greater Poland Voivodship. ... Wągrowiec is a town in north-western Poland, 50 km from both Poznań and Bydgoszcz. ... Miasto Wyrzysk Wyrzysk (pronounce: [viʒisk], German Wirsitz) is a town in Poland with 14,500 inhabitants, situated in Greater Poland Voivodship. ...

History

Up to 1830 the Prussian authorities were relatively tolerant to the Polish people, only the Prussian administrative schemes were introduced and the role of German language was strengthened in education. 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Repression system after 1830

After the November Uprising (1830 in Congress Poland against Russia) which was significantly supported by the Poles from the Grand Duchy of Poznań, the Prussian administration under over-president Edward Flotwell introduced a system of police and repression against the Poles. He started to expel the Poles from administration, tried to weaken the Polish nobility by buying its lands, and after 1832 the role of the Polish language in education was significantly suppressed. Conflict November Uprising Date 1830-1831 Place Poland Result Russian victory The November Uprising (1830-1831) was an armed rebellion against Russias rule in Poland. ... 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The term Congress Poland is an unofficial name of the Kingdom of Poland, a political entity that was created out of the Duchy of Warsaw at the Congress of Vienna in 1815, when European powers reorganised Europe following the Napoleonic wars. ... Eduard Heinrich Flottwell (1786-1865) was a Prussian politician. ... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Milder period after 1840

to be written

Greater Poland Uprising of 1846 (Polish: powstanie wielkopolskie 1846 roku) was a planned military insurrection of the Polish people in the Greater Poland region against the occupying Prussian forces, designed to be a part of the all-Polish uprising in the 3 partitions of Poland, against the Russians, Austrians and... Greater Poland Uprising of 1848 (Polish: powstanie wielkopolskie 1848 roku) was a military insurrection of the Polish people in the Grand Duchy of Poznań (or the Greater Poland region) against the occupying Prussian forces, during the Spring of Nations period. ... —Alexis de Tocqueville, Recollections The European Revolutions of 1848, in some countries known as the Spring of Nations, were the bloody consequences of a variety of changes that had been taking place in Europe in the first half of the 19th century. ...

Autonomy abolished 1848

In 1848 the Frankfurt parliament attempted to divide the Duchy into two parts: the Province of Poznań, which should be given to the Germans and annexed to the German Empire and the Province of Gniezno, which should be given to the Poles, and held outside Germany, but because of the protest of Polish parliamentarians these plans failed, and the integrity of the Duchy was preserved. However on February 9th, 1849, after a series of broken assurances, the Prussian administration renamed the Duchy to the Province of Poznan. The line that divided the two proposed parts was ignored into oblivion. However the Grand Duchy of Poznan remained a possession of the Hohenzoller dynasty and the name remained in unofficial use until 1918. 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The Kulturkampf in 1880s

In the 1880s Bismarck started the Germanization policies: increase of police forces, colonization commission, German Society for the Eastern Borders (Hakata), Kulturkampf. In 1904 special legislation was passed against the Polish population. The legislation of 1908 allowed confiscation of Polish landed property. The Prussian authorities did not allow the development of industries, so the Duchy's economy was dominated by high-level agriculture. The German term Kulturkampf (literally, cultural fight) commonly refers to the early years of the 1871 German Empire, when Chancellor Otto von Bismarck attempted to reduce the influence of the Catholics in Germany, but can be used to refer to similar cultural conflicts at other periods and in other places. ... 1904 is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The liberation 1918-1919

After World War I, the fate of the Grand Duchy was undecided. The Poles demanded that this historically Polish region be included in the newly independent Poland, while the Germans refused any territorial concessions. The Greater Poland Uprising that broke out on 27 December 1918, a day after the speech of Ignacy Jan Paderewski, allowed the region to be liberated from German occupation. The treaty of Versailles decided that most of the territory of the Grand Duchy would be included in Poland. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Soldiers of Greatpolish Army Greater Poland Uprising of 1918-1919 (Polish: powstanie wielkopolskie 1918-19 roku) was a military insurrection of the Polish people in the Greater Poland region (also called the Grand Duchy of Poznań) against the German/Prussian forces. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Ignacy Jan Paderewski Ignacy Jan Paderewski (November 6, 1860 – June 29, 1941) was a Polish pianist, composer and politician, the third Prime Minister of Poland. ...


Polish organizations in the Grand Duchy of Poznań

Scientific Help Society for the Youth of the Grand Duchy of Poznań (Polish: Towarzystwo Naukowej Pomocy dla Młodzieży Wielkiego Księstwa Poznańskiego) was a social-educational society established in Poznań in 1841 by Karol Marcinkowski. ... The Central Economic Society for the Grand Duchy of Poznań (Polish: Centralne Towarzystwo Gospodarcze dla Wielkiego Księstwa Poznańskiego) was an social-economic organization of Polish landowners in Greater Poland region (at this time called the Grand Duchy of Poznań established at the meeting on 21-22 February 1861 as a... Peoples Libraries Society (Polish: Towarzystwo Czytelni Ludowych, TLC) was an educational society established in 1880 for the Prussian partition of Poland (active in the regions of Greater Poland or the Grand Duchy of Poznan, Pomerania, West Prussia, and Silesia). ... Poznań Society of Friends of Arts and Sciences (Polish: Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk, PTPN) is a scientific society in Poznań, Poland, established 1875, associating researchers of all scientific branches. ...

German organizations in the Grand Duchy of Poznań

  • Colonization Komission (Ansiedlungskommision, est.1886)
  • German Estern Marches Society (Hakata), (Deustcher Ostmarken Verein, est. 1894)

The Settlement Commission (German: Ansiedlungskommission) was a department that operated between 1886 and 1918, set up by Bismarck to increase land ownership of Germans at the expense of Poles in the eastern provinces of the German Empire, through the use of economic and political methods, as part of the country...

Famous people of the Grand Duchy of Poznań

Poznań town hall

(in alphabetical order) Poznan town hall. ... Poznan town hall. ...

Stanisław Adamski (1875-1967) was a Polish priest, social and political activist of the Union of Catholic Societies of Polish Workers (Związek Katolickich Towarzystw Robotników Polskich), founder and editor of the Robotnik (Worker) weekly. ... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tomasz K. Bartkiewcz (1865-1931) was a Polish composer and organist, co-founder of the Singer Circles Union (Związek Kół Śpiewackich). ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ... 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Hipolit Cegielski (1815-1868) was a Polish businessman and social and cultural activist. ... 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1868 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Dezydery Chłapowski Dezydery Chłapowski (1788-1879) was a Polish general, business and political activist. ... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1879 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Bernard Chrzanowski (1861-1944) was a Polish social and political activist, president of the Union of the Greater Poland Falcons (Związek Sokołów Wielkopolskich). ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... August Cieszkowski (1814-1894) was a Polish philosopher, economist, social and political activist, co-founder of the Polish League (Liga Polska), co-founder and president of the PTPN Cieszkowski is the creator of, so called, philosophy of action. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Poznań Society of Friends of Arts and Sciences (Polish: Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk, PTPN) is a scientific society in Poznań, Poland, established 1875, associating researchers of all scientific branches. ... Czesław Czypicki (1855-1926) was a Polish lawyer from Kożmin, activist fo the singers societies. ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Bolesław Dembiński (1833-1914) was a Polish composer and organist, activist fo the singers societies. ... 1833 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Franciszek Dobrowolski (1830-1896) was a Polish theatre director, editor of Dziennik Poznański (Poznań Daily) References Witold Jakóbczyk, Przetrwać na Wartą 1815-1914, Dzieje narodu i państwa polskiego, vol. ... 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1896 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Michał Drzymała (13 September 1857 in Zdroje near Grodzisk Wielkopolski-25 April 1937 in Grabówka) was a Polish peasant, living in the Greater Poland region (or the Grand Duchy of Poznań) under the Prussian rule. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Tytus Adam Działyński (1796-1861, son of Ksawery, father to Jan Kanty) was a Polish political activist and protector of arts. ... 1796 was a leap year starting on Friday. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Ewaryst Estkowski (1820-1856) was a Polish teacher, education activist, editor of Szkoła Polska (Polish School) magazine. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ... Maksymilian Jackowski (1815-1905) was a Polish activist, secretary-general of the Central Economic Society (Centralne Towarzystwo Gospodarcze), patron of the agricultural circles. ... 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1905 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Central Economic Society for the Grand Duchy of Poznań (Polish: Centralne Towarzystwo Gospodarcze dla Wielkiego Księstwa Poznańskiego) was an social-economic organization of Polish landowners in Greater Poland region (at this time called the Grand Duchy of Poznań established at the meeting on 21-22 February 1861 as a... Kazimierz Jarochowski (1828-1888) was a Polish historian, publicist of the Dziennik Poznański (Poznań Daily), co-foundrer of PTPN. References Witold Jakóbczyk, Przetrwać na Wartą 1815-1914, Dzieje narodu i państwa polskiego, vol. ... 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Poznań Society of Friends of Arts and Sciences (Polish: Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk, PTPN) is a scientific society in Poznań, Poland, established 1875, associating researchers of all scientific branches. ... Ferdinand Hansemann (1861-1900) was a Prussian politician, co-founder of the Hakata Society. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1900 is a common year starting on Monday. ... Hermann Kennemann (1815-1910) was a Prussian politician, co-founder of the Hakata Society. ... 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1910 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Józef Kościelski (1845-1911) was a Polish politician and parliamentarian, co-founder of the Straż (Guard) society. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1911 is a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Antoni Kraszewski (1797-1870) was a Polish politician and parliamanetarian. ... 1797 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Józef Krzymiński (1858-1940) was a Polish physician, social and political activist, member of parliament. ... 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Karol Libelt (1807-1875) was a Polish philosopher, writer, political and social activist, social worker and liberal, nationalist politician, president of PTPN. Libelt took part in the failed November Uprising against Russia in 1830. ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Poznań Society of Friends of Arts and Sciences (Polish: Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk, PTPN) is a scientific society in Poznań, Poland, established 1875, associating researchers of all scientific branches. ... Karol Marcinkowski (23 June 1800 in Poznań-6 November 1846) was a Polish physician, social activist in the Greater Poland region (also called the Grand Duchy of Poznań), supporter of the basic education (Praca organiczna) programmes, organizer of the Scientific Help Society (Towarzystwo Pomocy Naukowej) and the Poznan Bazar (Bazar... 1800 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Władysław Marcinkowski (1858-1947) was a Polish sculptor who created a monument of Adam Mickiewicz in Milosław. ... 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Adam Mickiewicz (December 24, 1798 – November 26, 1855) was one of the most well-known Polish poets and writers, considered as the greatest Polish poet, besides Zygmunt Krasiński and Juliusz Słowacki. ... Teofil Matecki (1810-1886) was a Polish physician, social activist, member of PTPN, founder of the Adam Mickiewicz monument of Poznań. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1886 is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... Ludwik Mycielski ([[]]-[[]]) was a Polish political, president of the National Council (Rada Narodowa) in 1913. ... Andrzej Niegolewski (1787-1857) was a Polish colonel during the Napoleonic Wars, member of parliament, shareholder of the Poznan Bazar. ... 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Władysław Niegolewski (1819-1885) was a Polish liberal politician and member of parliament, insurgent in Greater Poland Uprising 1846, Greater Poland Uprising 1848 and January Uprising 1863, cofounder of Central Economic Society (TCL) in 1861 and Peoples Libraries Society (CTG) in 1880. ... 1819 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1885 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Władysław Oleszczyński (1808-1866) was a Polish sculptor, who created a monument of Adam Mickiewicz in Poznań. ... 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. ... Gustaw Potworowski (1800-1860) was a Polish activist, founder of the Kasyno in Gostyń, activist of the Polish League (Liga Polska). ... 1800 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Edward Raczynski was the name of three members of Polish aristocratic familly Edward Raczyński (1786-1845) Polish conservative politician, protector of arts, founder of the Raczynski Library in Poznan Edward Aleksander Raczyński (1847-1926) grandson of E. Raczyński, foundator of famous Raczyński Art Gallery in Rogalin Edward Bernard Raczyński (1891... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Antoni Henryk Radziwiłł. ... 1775 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1833 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Monument of Cyryl Ratajski in Poznan Cyryl Ratajski ( 1875- 1942) was a Polish politician and lawyer. ... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1942 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Karol Rzepecki (1865-1931) was a Polish bookseller, social and political activist, editor of Sokół (Falcon) magazine References Witold Jakóbczyk, Przetrwać na Wartą 1815-1914, Dzieje narodu i państwa polskiego, vol. ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ... 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Walenty Stefański (1813-1877) was a Polish bookseller, political activist, co-founder of the Polish League (Liga Polska). ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Florian Stablewski (1841-1906) was a Polish priest and politician, archbishop of Poznań and Gniezno, Polish member of Prussian parliament. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1906 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Antoni Stychel (1859-1935) was a Polish priest, member of parliament, president of the Union of the Catholic Societies of Polish Workers (Związek Katolickich Towarzystw Robotników Polskich). ... 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... 1935 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1908 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Heinrich Tiedemann (1840-1922) was a Prussian politician, co-founder of the Hakata Society. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1932 is a leap year starting on a Friday. ... Piotr Wawrzyniak (1849-1910) was a Polish priest, economic and educational activist, patron of the Union of the Earnings and Economic Societies (Związek Spółek Zarobkowych i Gospodarczych). ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1910 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Leon Wegner (1824-1873) was a Polish economist and historian, co-founder of PTPN References Witold Jakóbczyk, Przetrwać na Wartą 1815-1914, Dzieje narodu i państwa polskiego, vol. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Poznań Society of Friends of Arts and Sciences (Polish: Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk, PTPN) is a scientific society in Poznań, Poland, established 1875, associating researchers of all scientific branches. ... Richard Witting ([[]]-[[]]) was a Prussian politician, over-president of Poznań City in 1891-1902. ...

See also

  • Poznań (city)
  • History of Poznań (city)

The Poznan is also a breed of horse, There is also American Poznan, OH. The title given to this article lacks diacritics because of certain technical limitations. ... Poznań is one of the oldest of the Polish cities, an important historical center and the capital of Greater Poland, the cradle of the Polish state, and Polands capital in the mid- tenth century during the early Piast dynasty. ...

References

  • Gazeta Wielkiego Księstwa Poznańskiego
  • Konstanty Kościnski, Przewodnik pod Poznaniu i Wielkim Księstwie Poznańskiem, Poznań 1909
  • T.Dohnalowa, Z dziejów postępu technicznego w Wielkopolsce w pierwszej połowie XIX wieku, in: S.Kubiak, L.Trzeciakowski (ed.), Rola Wielkopolski w dziejach narodu polskiego
  • F.Genzen, Z.Grot, F.Paprocki, Zabór pruski w Powstaniu Styczniowym. Materiały i dokumenty, Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków 1968
  • B.Grześ, J.Kozłowski, A.Kramarski, Niemcy w Poznańskiem wobec polityki germanizacyjnej 1815-1920, Poznań 1976
  • Witold Jakóbczyk, Przetrwać nad Wartą 1815-1914. Dzieje narodu i państwa polskiego, vol. III-55, Krajowa Agencja Wydawnicza, Warszawa 1989
  • Witold Jakóbczyk (ed.), Studia nad dziejami Wielkopolski w XIX w., vol.I-III, Poznań 1951-1967
  • Witold Jakóbczyk (ed.), Wielkopolanie XIX w., Poznań 1969
  • Witold Jakóbczyk (ed.), Wielkopolska. Wybór źródeł, t. I 1815-1850, Wrocław 1952
  • Witold Jakóbczyk (ed.), Wielkopolska. Wybór źródeł, t. II 1851-1914, Wrocław 1954
  • T.Klanowski, Germanizacja gimnazjów w Wielkim Księstwie Poznańskim i opór młodzieży polskiej w latach 1870-1814, Poznań 1962
  • Czesław Łuczak, Życie społeczno-gospodarcze w Poznaniu 1815-1918, Poznań 1965
  • K.Malinowski (ed.), X wieków Poznania, Poznań-Warszawa 1956
  • Witold Molik, Kształtowanie się inteligencji wielkopolskiej w Wielkim Księstwie Poznańskim 1840-1870, Warszawa-Poznań 1979
  • F.Paprocki, Wielkie Księstwo Poznańskie w okresie rządów Flottwella (1830-1842), Poznań 1970
  • L.Plater, Opisanie historyczno-statystyczne Wielkiego Księstwa Poznańskiego, wyd. J. N. Bobrowicz, Lipsk 1846
  • B.Pleśniarski, Poglądy Wielkopolan na sprawy wychowawcze i oświatowe w świetle prasy Księstwa Poznańskiego 1814-1847,
  • A.Skałkowski, Bazar Poznański. Zarys stuletnich dziejów (1838-1938), Poznań 1938
  • L.Słowiński, Nie damy pogrześć mowy. Wizerunki pedagogów poznańskich XIX wieku, Poznań 1982
  • J.Stoiński, Szkolnictwo średnie w Wielkim Księstwie Poznańskim w I połowie XIX wieku (1815-1850), Poznań 1972
  • J.Topolski (ed.), Wielkopolska przez wieki, Poznań 1973
  • S.Truchim, Geneza szkół realnych w Wielkim Księstwie Poznańskim, Warszawa 1936
  • S.Truchim, Historia szkolnictwa i oświaty polskiej w Wielkim Księstwie Poznańskim 1815-1915, Łódź 1967
  • Lech Trzeciakowski, Kulturkampf w zaborze pruskim, Poznań 1970
  • Lech Trzeciakowski, Pod pruskim zaborem 1850-1914, Warszawa 1973
  • Lech Trzeciakowski, Walka o polskość miast Poznańskiego na przełomie XIX i XX wieku, Poznań 1964
  • Lech Trzeciakowski, W dziewiętnastowiecznym Poznaniu, Poznań 1987
  • Wielkopolski Słownik Biograficzny, 2nd edition, Warszawa-Poznań 1983


Witold Jakóbczyk (1909–1986) was a Polish historian, professor of Poznan University, specializing in history of Greater Poland in the 19th century. ... Witold Jakóbczyk (1909–1986) was a Polish historian, professor of Poznan University, specializing in history of Greater Poland in the 19th century. ... Witold Jakóbczyk (1909–1986) was a Polish historian, professor of Poznan University, specializing in history of Greater Poland in the 19th century. ... Witold Jakóbczyk (1909–1986) was a Polish historian, professor of Poznan University, specializing in history of Greater Poland in the 19th century. ... Witold Jakóbczyk (1909–1986) was a Polish historian, professor of Poznan University, specializing in history of Greater Poland in the 19th century. ... Lech Trzeciakowski (born 24 December, 1931 in Poznan) is a Polish historian and director of the Western Institute (Instytut Zachodni) in Poznań in years 1974- 1978. ... Lech Trzeciakowski (born 24 December, 1931 in Poznan) is a Polish historian and director of the Western Institute (Instytut Zachodni) in Poznań in years 1974- 1978. ... Lech Trzeciakowski (born 24 December, 1931 in Poznan) is a Polish historian and director of the Western Institute (Instytut Zachodni) in Poznań in years 1974- 1978. ... Lech Trzeciakowski (born 24 December, 1931 in Poznan) is a Polish historian and director of the Western Institute (Instytut Zachodni) in Poznań in years 1974- 1978. ...

 
Greater Poland
Historical administrative divisions
Duchy of Greater Poland (12th-13th centuries) • Poznań Voivodship and Kalisz Voivodship (until 1768) • Poznań Voivodship, Kalisz Voivodship and Gniezno Voivodship (until 1793) • South Prussia (until 1806) • Duchy of Warsaw (Poznan Department, Kalisz Department and Bydgoszcz Department until 1815) • Grand Duchy of Poznań (until 1918) • Poznań Voivodship (until 1939) • Reichsgau Posen (1939) • Reichsgau Wartheland (until 1945) • Poznań Voivodship (until 1975) • Poznań Voivodship, Kalisz Voivodship, Leszno Voivodship, Konin Voivodship and Piła Voivodship (until 1998) • Greater Poland Voivodship
Greater Poland Uprisings
17941806184618481918


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Grand duchy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1419 words)
Grand Duchy is the appellation of the territory of a sovereign Grand Duke's territory.
Grand Duke is also the usual and established translation of sovereign Grand Prince in languages which do not have separate words meaning prince for (1) the non-ruling relatives of a monarch, and (2) monarch (sovereign or like) princes.
However, a grand prince was usually only primus inter pares within a dynasty, other princes of the dynasty were approximately as entitled to succession as the then ruler (succession was for example through agnatic seniority or rotation), and often other members of the dynasty ruled parts of the same realm as some sort of "sub-princes".
Grand Prince - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (980 words)
Grand Prince, used in the Slavic and Baltic languages, was the title of a medieval monarch who headed more or less loose confederation whose constituent parts were ruled by lesser princes.
However, a grand prince was usually only primus inter pares within a dynasty, other princes of the dynasty were approximately as much entitled to succession as the current ruler (for example, succession was through agnatic seniority or rotation), and often other members of the dynasty ruled some constituent parts of the monarchy/ country.
The title Grand Prince (which in many of those lands already was in later grand princely epochs awarded simultaneously to several rulers in the more expanded dynasty) continued as a courtesy title for all or several members of the dynasty, such as the Grand Duke of Russia in Russia's imperial era.
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