FACTOID # 13: New York has America's lowest percentage of residents who are veterans.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Grand Duchy of Posen
Großherzogtum Posen
Wielkie Księstwo Poznańskie

Grand Duchy of Posen
Client state of Prussia
Coat of arms
1815 – 1848

Flag of Posen Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2... Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 155,000 km² Population about 4. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (449x623, 279 KB) Duchy of Warsaw Coat of Arms author:user:Mathiasrex Maciej SzczepaÅ„czyk File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Frederick Augustus I of Saxony Duchy... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Province of Posen (German: , Polish: ) was a province of Prussia from 1846-1918. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wien. ...


Flag

Location of Posen
The Grand Duchy was administrated as the Province of Posen, within the Kingdom of Prussia.
Capital Poznań
52°24′N, 16°55′E
Government Monarchy
King
 - 1815-1840 Frederick William III
 - 1840-1849 Frederick William IV
Prince-Governor
 - 1815-1831 Antoni Radziwiłł
History
 - Established June 91815
 - Uprising defeated May 9, 1848
 - Autonomy abolished June 281848
Area
 - 1905 28,970 km2
11,185 sq mi
Population
 - 1905 est. 2,099,831 
     Density 72.5 /km² 
187.7 /sq mi
Polish Statehood

The Grand Duchy of Posen (German: Großherzogtum Posen) or Grand Duchy of Poznań (Polish: Wielkie Księstwo Poznańskie) was an autonomous province of the Kingdom of Prussia in the Polish lands commonly known as "Great Poland" between the years 1815-1848. The name was unofficially used afterwards for denoting the territory, especially by Poles, and today is used by modern historians to describe different political entities until 1918. Its capital was Poznań (German: Posen). Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Province of Posen (German: , Polish: ) was a province of Prussia from 1846-1918. ... Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... This is a list of national capitals of the world in alphabetical order. ... PoznaÅ„ ( ; full official name: The Capital City of PoznaÅ„, Polish: StoÅ‚eczne Miasto PoznaÅ„ (Latin: , German: , Yiddish: פּױזן Poyzn) is a city in west-central Poland with over 578,900 inhabitants (2002). ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A monarchy, from the Greek μονος, one, and αρχειν, to rule, is a form of government that has a monarch as head of state(KING)In most monarchies the monarch usually reigns as head of state for life; this is... Look up monarch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Frederick William III (German: , August 3, 1770 – June 7, 1840) was king of Prussia from 1797 to 1840. ... Photograph of Frederick King Frederick William IV of Prussia (October 15, 1795 - January 2, 1861), the eldest son and successor of Frederick William III of Prussia, reigned as King of Prussia from 1840 to 1861. ... Noble Family RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Coat of Arms TrÄ…by Parents MichaÅ‚ Hieronim RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Helena Przeździecka Consorts Louise von Hohenzollern Children with Louise von Hohenzollern Fryderyk Wilhelm RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Ferdynant Fryderyk RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Eliza Fryderyka RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ BogusÅ‚aw Fryderyk RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Augusta Wilhelmina RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Date of Birth June 13, 1775 Place of Birth Wilno... The Congress of Vienna by Jean-Baptiste Isabey, 1819. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Greater Poland Uprising of 1848 (Polish: ) was a military insurrection of the Polish people in the Grand Duchy of PoznaÅ„ (or the Greater Poland region) against the occupying Prussian forces, during the Spring of Nations period. ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (130th in leap years). ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Frankfurt Parliament is the name of the German National Assembly founded during the Revolutions of 1848 that tried to unite Germany in a democratic way. ... June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 186 days remaining. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (730x810, 414 KB) Coat of Arms of Piast dynasty The eagle was cropped from some {{Polishsymbol}} coat of arms made by Halibutt in Blender and GIMP Based on the excellent French Wikipédia:Projet/Blasons and help from w:User:Snargle... The Kingdom of Poland of the first Piasts was the Polish state in the years between the coronation of BolesÅ‚aw I the Brave in 1025 and the death of BolesÅ‚aw III the Wrymouth in 1138. ... Coat of arms Poland during the Period of Fragmentation Capital Kraków, PoznaÅ„ Language(s) Polish (spoken) Latin (written) Religion Roman Catholic Government Monarchy History  - Established 1138  - Disestablished 1320 The Kingdom of Poland during period of fragmentation was the Polish state in the years between the death of BolesÅ‚aw... The Kingdom of Poland of the later Piasts was the Polish state in the years between the coronation of WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw I the Elbow-high in 1320 and the death of Kazimierz III the Great in 1370. ... The Kingdom of Poland of the Jagiellons was the Polish state in the years between the death of Casimir III in 1370 and the Union of Lublin in 1569. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Galicia (Ukrainian: Галичина (Halychyna), Polish: Galicja, German: Galizien, Slovak: Halič, Romanian: Galiţia, Hungarian: Gácsország) is the name of a region of Central Europe. ... Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 155,000 km² Population about 4. ... Map of Congress Poland. ... The Free City of Kraków (Polish: Wolne Miasto Kraków), also known as Republic of Kraków (Rzeczpospolita Krakowska), was a city-state created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 and controlled by its three neighbors, Russia, Prussia and Austria until 1846. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Kingdom of Poland, also informally called Regency Kingdom of Poland (Polish: ), was the state proclaimed by the Act of November 5 issued by Imperial Germany and Austria-Hungary. ... Anthem: Mazurek DÄ…browskiego Capital Warsaw Language(s) Polish Government Republic President List Prime minister List Legislature Sejm Historical era Interwar period  - World War I November 11, 1918  - Invasion November 2, 1939 Area  - 1939 388,600 km2 150,039 sq mi Population  - 1939 est. ... Polish Secret State (also known as Polish Underground State; Polish Polskie Państwo Podziemne) is a term coined by Jan Karski in his book Story of a Secret State; it is used to refer to all underground resistance organizations in Poland during World War II, both military and civilian. ... Capital Warsaw Language(s) Polish Government Socialist republic President Wojciech Jaruzelski Edward Gierek Historical era Cold War  - Established June 28, 1945  - Constitution July 22, 1952  - Disestablished July 19, 1989 Area 312,685 km2 120,728 sq mi Currency Polish zÅ‚oty The Peoples Republic of Poland or Polish People... Motto none1 Anthem Mazurek DÄ…browskiego(Polish) DÄ…browskis Mazurka Poland() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Warsaw Official languages Polish2 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Lech KaczyÅ„ski  -  Prime minister JarosÅ‚aw KaczyÅ„ski Formation 10th century   -  Christianisation4 966   -  Redeclared November 11, 1918... Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: Wielkopolska, German: Grosspolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is one of the historical regions of Poland. ... PoznaÅ„ ( ; full official name: The Capital City of PoznaÅ„, Polish: StoÅ‚eczne Miasto PoznaÅ„ (Latin: , German: , Yiddish: פּױזן Poyzn) is a city in west-central Poland with over 578,900 inhabitants (2002). ...

Contents

Area and population

The area was 28,951 km² and contained most of the territories of the historical province of Greater Poland, which comprised the western parts of the Duchy of Warsaw (Departments of Poznań, Bydgoszcz, partly Kalisz) that were ceded to Prussia according to the Congress of Vienna (1815) with an international guarantee of self-administration and free development of the Polish nation. Voivodship wielkopolskie since 1999 Coat of Arms for voivodship wielkopolskie Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: , German: Großpolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is a historical region of west-central Poland. ... Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 155,000 km² Population about 4. ... PoznaÅ„ Department (Polish: Departament PoznaÅ„ski) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Polish Duchy of Warsaw in years 1806-1815. ... Bydgoszcz Department (Polish: Departament bydgoski) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Polish Duchy of Warsaw in years 1806- 1815. ... Kalisz Department (Polish: Departament Kaliski) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Polish Duchy of Warsaw in years 1806- 1815. ... The Congress of Vienna by Jean-Baptiste Isabey, 1819. ...


Population:

  • 776,000 (1815)
  • 820,000 (1816)
  • 1,350,000 (1849)
  • 2,100,000 (1910)

Territorial administration

The monarch of the duchy, with title of Grand Duke of Poznań, was the Hohenzollern king of Prussia and his representative was the Duke-Governor: the first was Prince Antoni Radziwiłł (1815-1831), who was married to Princess Luise of Prussia, the king's cousin. The governor was assigned to give advice in matters of Polish nationality, and had the right to veto the administration decisions; in reality, however, all administrative power was in the hands of the Prussian over-president of the province. The House of Hohenzollern is a German dynasty of electors, kings, and emperors of Prussia, Germany, and Romania. ... Noble Family RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Coat of Arms TrÄ…by Parents MichaÅ‚ Hieronim RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Helena Przeździecka Consorts Louise von Hohenzollern Children with Louise von Hohenzollern Fryderyk Wilhelm RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Ferdynant Fryderyk RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Eliza Fryderyka RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ BogusÅ‚aw Fryderyk RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Augusta Wilhelmina RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Date of Birth June 13, 1775 Place of Birth Wilno...


The Prussian administrative unit that covered the territory of the Duchy was called the Province of the Grand Duchy of Poznań in the years 1815-1849, and later to simplify just the Province of Poznań (Polish: Prowincja Poznańska, German: Provinz Posen).


The territory of the duchy was divided into two districts (Polish: Rejencja, German: Regierungsbezirk): Poznań District, Bydgoszcz District, which were further divided into 26 original counties (Polish: Powiat(y), German: Kreis(e)) administered by the "landrats" ("county councils"). Later, these were redivided into 40 counties, plus 2 urban districts. In 1824, the Duchy also received the provincial council (term started in 1827) but with little administrative power, limited to providing advice. In 1817, Chełmno Land was moved to West Prussia. Bydgoszcz District (Polish: Rejencja Bydgoska, German Regirugnsbezirk Bromberg) was the northern of two administrative districts of the Grand Duchy of Poznan (1815-1918) later also called the Province of Poznań (1849-1918). ... CheÅ‚mno Land or Culmland (Polish: Ziemia CheÅ‚miÅ„ska, German: Kulmerland) is a historical region in central Poland bounded by the Vistula and DrwÄ™ca rivers. ... One of four districts of East Prussia in 1920 - 1938. ...


The territorial administration in 1897:


Poznań District, (Rejencja Poznańska), Poznań

(English county name, Polish county name, county town)

    • Babimost County, (Powiat Babimojski), Babimost
    • Gostyń County, (Powiat Gostyński), Gostyń
    • Grodzisk County, (Powiat Grodziski), Grodzisk Wielkopolski
    • Jarocin County, (Powiat Jarociński), Jarocin
    • Kępno County, (Powiat Kępiński), Kępno
    • Kościan County, (Powiat Kościański), Kościan
    • Koźmin County, (Powiat Koźmiński), Koźmin
    • Krotoszyn County, (Powiat Krotoszyński), Krotoszyn
    • Leszno County, (Powiat Leszczyński), Leszno
    • Międzychód County, (Powiat Międzychodzki), Międzychód
    • Międzyrzecz County, (Powiat Międzyrzecki), Międzyrzec
    • Nowy Tomyśl County, (Powiat Nowotomyski), Nowy Tomyśl
    • Oborniki County, (Powiat Obornicki), Oborniki Wiekopolskie
    • Odolanów County, (Powiat Odolanowski), Odolanów
    • Ostrów County, (Powiat Ostrowski), Ostrów Wielkopolski
    • Ostrzeszów County, (Powiat Ostrzeszowski), Ostrzeszów
    • Pleszew County, (Powiat Pleszewski), Pleszew
    • Poznań City, (Miasto Poznań), Poznań
    • Poznań East County, (Powiat Poznański Wschodni), Poznań
    • Poznań West County, (Powiat Poznański Zachodni), Poznań
    • Rawicz County, (Powiat Rawicki), Rawicz
    • Skwierzyna County, (Powiat Skwierzyński), Skwierzyna
    • Szamotuły County, (Powiat Szamotulski), Szamotuły
    • Śmigiel County, (Powiat Śmigielski), Śmigiel
    • Śrem County, (Powiat Śremski), Śrem
    • Środa County, (Powiat Średzki), Środa Wielkopolska
    • Września County, (Powiat Wrzesiński), Września
    • Wschowa County, (Powiat Wschowski), Wschowa

Babimost is a small town in Poland in the Lubusz Voivodship, Zielona Gora County. ... Location of the county in Greater Poland Voivodeship GostyÅ„ County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) located about 55 km south of PoznaÅ„ , in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... GostyÅ„ is a town in Greater Poland Voivodship (from 1975 to 1998 in Leszno Voivodship), in GostyÅ„ County. ... Two counties (powiats) in Poland may be referred to in English by this name, as in Polish they are both named powiat grodziski (which means powiat of Grodzisk). ... Grodzisk Wielkopolski is a town in central Poland, situated in the Greater Poland Voivodship (since 1999), previously in Poznan Voivodship (1975-1998). ... Jarocin County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) located about 60 km south-east of PoznaÅ„ , in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... Jarocin is a town in central Poland with 25,700 inhabitants (1995). ... Location in Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... CoA KÄ™pno is a town in Poland. ... KoÅ›cian County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) located about 40 km south-west of PoznaÅ„ , in Poland, in Wielkopolska Voivodship. ... KoÅ›cian is a town on Obra canal in central Poland with 24,600 inhabitants (1995). ... Krotoszyn County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) located about 85 km south of PoznaÅ„ , in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... Krotoszyn(German Krotoschin) is a town in central Poland with 28,900 inhabitants as of 1995. ... Location in Greater Poland Voivodeship Leszno County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) located about 65 km south-west of PoznaÅ„ , in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... Leszno ( ), German Lissa, is a town in central Poland with 63,300 inhabitants (2001). ... Location in Greater Poland Voivodeship MiÄ™dzychód County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) located about 70 km west of PoznaÅ„ , in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... MiÄ™dzychód (German: ) is a town in Poland, in Wielkopolska Voivodship, about 75 km west of PoznaÅ„. It is the capital of MiÄ™dzychód County. ... Miedzyrzecz County (in Polish powiat miÄ™dzyrzecki) is a unit of territorial administration and local government in the Lubusz Voivodship in Poland, created on 1st January 1999 as a result of the Local Government Reorganization Act of 1998. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with MiÄ™dzyrzec Podlaski. ... Location in Greater Poland Voivodeship Nowy TomyÅ›l County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) located about 55 km west of PoznaÅ„ , in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... Nowy TomyÅ›l is a town in Poland, in Wielkopolska Voivodship. ... Oborniki County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) located about 25 km north of PoznaÅ„ , in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... Odolanów is a town in the Greater Poland Voivodship, about 10 km northwest of Ostrów Wielkopolski, with over 5000 inhabitants. ... Ostrów County is a county in Poznan District, Poland. ... Ostrów Wielkopolski (often abbreviated , formerly called only Ostrów or Ostrowo, Latin: Ostrovia) is a town in central Poland with 73,100 inhabitants (2005), situated in the Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... Coat of Arms Flag Location in Greater Poland Voivodeship Ostrzeszów County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) located about 130 km south-east of PoznaÅ„ , in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... Ostrzeszów (former German: ) is a town in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... Location in Greater Poland Voivodeship Pleszew County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) located about 80 km south-east of PoznaÅ„ , in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... Pleszew coat of arms Pleszew is a town in Poland, in Wielkopolska Voivodship, about 80 km southeast of PoznaÅ„. It is the capital of Pleszew County (powiat pleszewski). ... PoznaÅ„ ( ; full official name: The Capital City of PoznaÅ„, Polish: StoÅ‚eczne Miasto PoznaÅ„ (Latin: , German: , Yiddish: פּױזן Poyzn) is a city in west-central Poland with over 578,900 inhabitants (2002). ... Rawicz County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) located about 80 km south of PoznaÅ„ , in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... Rawicz is a town in central Poland with 21,500 inhabitants (1995). ... Skwierzyna (Schwerin an der Warthe in German) is a small town in Lubuskie, western Poland. ... Location in Greater Poland Voivodeship SzamotuÅ‚y County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) located about 30 km north-west of PoznaÅ„ , in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... SzamotuÅ‚y - town in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodship, about 30 km northwest of PoznaÅ„. It is the capital of SzamotuÅ‚y County. ... Åšmigiel is a town in Poland, with 5,420 inhabitants (2004). ... Location in Greater Poland Voivodeship Åšrem County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) located about 35 km south of PoznaÅ„ , in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... Water tower in Åšrem Åšrem is a town on the Warta river in central Poland. ... Two counties (powiats) in Poland may be referred to in English by this name, as in Polish they are both named powiat Å›redzki (which means powiat of Åšroda). ... Åšroda Wielkopolska is a town in central Poland with 21,400 inhabitants (1995). ... Location in Greater Poland Voivodeship WrzeÅ›nia County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) located about 45 km east of PoznaÅ„ , in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... WrzeÅ›nia is a town in central Poland with 28,600 inhabitants (1995). ... Wschowa County (in Polish powiat ) is a unit of territorial administration and local government in the Lubusz Voivodship in Poland, created on 1st January 2002 as a result of decision of Council of Ministers of 2001. ... Coat of arms Wschowa (German: ) is a town in the Lubusz Voivodeship in Poland with 14,607 inhabitants (2004). ...

Bydgoszcz District (Rejencja Bydgoska), Bydgoszcz

(English county name, Polish county name, county town) Bydgoszcz District (Polish: Rejencja Bydgoska, German Regirugnsbezirk Bromberg) was the northern of two administrative districts of the Grand Duchy of Poznan (1815-1918) later also called the Province of Poznań (1849-1918). ... Bydgoszcz ( ; German: ; Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004). ...

    • Bydgoszcz City, (Miasto Bydgoszcz), Bydgoszcz
    • Bydgoszcz County, (Powiat Bydgoski), Bydgoszcz
    • Chodzież County, (Powiat Chodzieski), Chodzież
    • Czarnków County, (Powiat Czarnkowski), Czarnków
    • Gniezno County, (Powiat Gnieźnieński), Gniezno
    • Inowrocław County, (Powiat Inowrocławski), Inowrocław
    • Mogilno County, (Powiat Mogileński), Mogilno
    • Strzelno County, (Powiat Strzelneński), Strzelno
    • Szubin County, (Powiat Szubiński), Szubin
    • Wągrowiec County, (Powiat Wągrowiecki), Wągrowiec
    • Wieleń County, (Powiat Wieleński), Wieleń
    • Witkowo County, (Powiat Witkowski), Witkowo
    • Wyrzysk County, (Powiat Wyrzyski), Wyrzysk
    • Żnin County, (Powiat Żniński), Żnin

Bydgoszcz ( ; German: ; Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004). ... Bydgoszcz ( ; German: ; Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004). ... Bydgoszcz County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship. ... Bydgoszcz ( ; German: ; Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004). ... Chodzież Powiat is an administrative district in Polands Greater Poland Voivodship. ... Chodzież is a town in north-western Poland with 20,400 inhabitants (1995). ... Czarnków is a town in Poland. ... Gniezno County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) located about 50 km east of PoznaÅ„ , in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... Motto: none Voivodship Greater Poland Municipal government Mayor Jaromir Dziel Area 40,9 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 71 040 none 1737/km² Founded City rights 8th century 1239 Latitude Longitude 52°32 N 17°36 E Area code +48 61 Car plates PGN Twin towns Anagni, Esztergom, Falkenberg, Saint... InowrocÅ‚aw County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship. ... Motto: none Voivodeship Kuyavian-Pomeranian (Kujawsko-Pomorskie) President Ryszard Brejza Area 34,02 km² Coordinates -Latitude -Longitude 52°40 E 18°16 N Population 1970 - 54 900 1980 - 66 100 1990 - 77 700 2000 - 79 400 2004 - 77 647 InowrocÅ‚aws Website InowrocÅ‚aw (German: ) is a town in... Mogilno County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship. ... Mogilno is a town in central Poland, situated in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodship (since 1999), previously in Bydgoszcz Voivodship (1975-1998). ... Strzelno, formerly German Strelno. ... Coat of arms of Szubin Szubin (German: ) is a town in NakÅ‚o County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland, located southwest of Bydgoszcz, at . ... Powiat of WÄ…growiec (Polish Powiat WÄ…growiecki) is a unit of territorial division in the Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... WÄ…growiec is a town in northwestern Poland, 50 km from both PoznaÅ„ and Bydgoszcz. ... Coat of Arms WieleÅ„ is a town in Poland, in province Wielkopolska, in Czarnków-Trzcianka County. ... Coat of arms of Witkowo Witkowo is a town in Gniezno County, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland, located southeast of PoznaÅ„, at . ... Miasto Wyrzysk Wyrzysk (pronounce: [viʒisk], German Wirsitz) is a town in Poland with 14,500 inhabitants, situated in Greater Poland Voivodship. ... Å»nin County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) in Poland, in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship. ... Motto: Å»nin - the open town Voivodship Kuyavian-Pomeranian Municipal government Rada Miejska w Å»ninie (The Å»nin Town Council) Mayor JarosÅ‚aw Jaworski (Burmistrz Å»nina) Area 8. ...

History

The Prussian province of Posen. Yellow colour: Polish-speaking areas according to German authorities

Up to 1830 the Prussian authorities were relatively tolerant to the Polish people, although the Prussian administrative schemes were introduced and the role of the German language was strengthened in education. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1360x1485, 1114 KB) Description: Historical map of Provinz Posen 1905 Source: Bibliothek allgemeinen und praktischen Wissens für Militäranwärter Band I, 1905 / Deutsches Verlaghaus Bong & Co Berlin * Leipzig * Wien * Stuttgart Author: Scan made by Kogo License: Public Domain, because... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1360x1485, 1114 KB) Description: Historical map of Provinz Posen 1905 Source: Bibliothek allgemeinen und praktischen Wissens für Militäranwärter Band I, 1905 / Deutsches Verlaghaus Bong & Co Berlin * Leipzig * Wien * Stuttgart Author: Scan made by Kogo License: Public Domain, because...


Repression system after 1830

The 1830 November Uprising within Congress Poland against the Russian Empire was significantly supported by Poles from the Grand Duchy of Poznań, Afterwards, the Prussian administration under over-president Edward Flotwell introduced a system of police and repression against the Poles. He started to expel the Poles from administration, tried to weaken the Polish nobility by buying its lands, and after 1832 the role of the Polish language in education was significantly suppressed. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Map of Congress Poland. ... Anthem: God Save the Tsar! The Russian Empire in 1914 Capital Saint Petersburg Language(s) Russian Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1721-1725 Peter the Great (first)  - 1894-1917 Nicholas II (last) History  - Established 22 October, 1721  - February Revolution 2 March, 1917 Area  - 1897 22,400,000 km2 8,648,688 sq... Eduard Heinrich Flottwell (1786-1865) was a Prussian politician. ...


Milder period after 1840

to be written

Greater Poland Uprising of 1846 (Polish: powstanie wielkopolskie 1846 roku) was a planned military insurrection of the Polish people in the Greater Poland region against the occupying Prussian forces, designed to be a part of the all-Polish uprising in the 3 partitions of Poland, against the Russians, Austrians and... Greater Poland Uprising of 1848 (Polish: powstanie wielkopolskie 1848 roku) was a military insurrection of the Polish people in the Grand Duchy of Poznań (or the Greater Poland region) against the occupying Prussian forces, during the Spring of Nations period. ... —Alexis de Tocqueville, Recollections The European Revolutions of 1848, in some countries known as the Spring of Nations, were the bloody consequences of a variety of changes that had been taking place in Europe in the first half of the 19th century. ...

Autonomy abolished 1848

During the Revolutions of 1848 the Frankfurt Parliament attempted to divide the Duchy into two parts: the Province of Poznań, which would have been given to the Germans and annexed to a newly-created German Empire, and the Province of Gniezno, which would have been given to the Poles and held outside Germany, but because of the protest of Polish parliamentarians these plans failed and the integrity of the duchy was preserved. However on February 9, 1849, after a series of broken assurances, the Prussian administration renamed the duchy to the Province of Poznań (Provinz Posen). The line that divided the two proposed parts was ignored. However the Grand Duchy of Poznań remained a possession of the Hohenzollern dynasty and the name remained in unofficial use until 1918. The European Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations or the Year of Revolution, were a revolutionary wave which erupted in Sicily and then, further triggered by the revolutions of 1848 in France, soon spread to the rest of Europe and as far afield as... The Frankfurt Parliament is the name of the German National Assembly founded during the Revolutions of 1848 that tried to unite Germany in a democratic way. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Kulturkampf

In the 1880s Chancellor Otto von Bismarck started the Germanization policies, such as an increase of police forces, a colonization commission, the German Society for the Eastern Borders (Hakata), and the Kulturkampf. In 1904 special legislation was passed against the Polish population. The legislation of 1908 allowed the confiscation of Polish landed property. The Prussian authorities did not allow the development of industries, so the Duchy's economy was dominated by high-level agriculture. “Bismarck” redirects here. ... German Eastern Marches Society (German: , also known in German as Verein zur Förderung des Deutschtums in den Ostmarken) was a German radical,[1][2] extremely nationalist[3] xenophobic organization[4] founded in 1894. ... The German term Kulturkampf (literally, culture struggle, invented by Rudolf Virchow[1]) refers to German policies in relation to the influence of the Roman Catholic Church, enacted from 1871 to 1878 by the Chancellor of the German Empire, Otto von Bismarck. ...


The liberation 1918-1919

After World War I, the fate of the Grand Duchy was undecided. The Poles demanded that this historically Polish region be included in the newly independent Second Polish Republic, while the Germans refused any territorial concessions. The Greater Poland Uprising that broke out on 27 December 1918, a day after the speech of Ignacy Jan Paderewski, allowed the region to be liberated from German occupation. The Treaty of Versailles decided that most of the territory of the Grand Duchy would be included in Poland. This article is becoming very long. ... Anthem: Mazurek DÄ…browskiego Capital Warsaw Language(s) Polish Government Republic President List Prime minister List Legislature Sejm Historical era Interwar period  - World War I November 11, 1918  - Invasion November 2, 1939 Area  - 1939 388,600 km2 150,039 sq mi Population  - 1939 est. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Ignacy Jan Paderewski Ignacy Jan Paderewski (November 6, 1860 – June 29, 1941) was a Polish pianist, composer, diplomat and politician, the third Prime Minister of Poland. ... The Treaty of Versailles (1919) was the peace treaty which officially ended World War I between the Allied and Associated Powers and the Central Powers. ...


Polish organizations in the Grand Duchy of Poznań

  • Scientific Help Society for the Youth of the Grand Duchy of Poznań (established 1841, Towarzystwo Naukowej Pomocy dla Młodzieży Wielkiego Księstwa Poznańskiego) - scholarship for the poor youth
  • Poznań Bazar (Bazar Poznański, established 1841)
  • Central Economic Society for the Grand Duchy of Poznań (established 1861, Polish: Centralne Towarzystwo Gospodarcze dla Wielkiego Księstwa Poznańskiego, CTG) - promotion of modern agriculture
  • People's Libraries Society (established 1880, Towarzystwo Czytelni Ludowych, TLC) promotion of education among the people
  • Poznań Society of Friends of Arts and Sciences (established 1875, Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk, PTPN) promotion of arts and sciencies

Scientific Help Society for the Youth of the Grand Duchy of Poznań (Polish: Towarzystwo Naukowej Pomocy dla Młodzieży Wielkiego Księstwa Poznańskiego) was a social-educational society established in Poznań in 1841 by Karol Marcinkowski. ... The Central Economic Society for the Grand Duchy of Poznań (Polish: Centralne Towarzystwo Gospodarcze dla Wielkiego Księstwa Poznańskiego) was a social-economic organization of Polish landowners in the Greater Poland region (at this time called the Grand Duchy of Poznań) established at a meeting held 21-22 February... Peoples Libraries Society (Polish: Towarzystwo Czytelni Ludowych, TLC) was an educational society established in 1880 for the Prussian partition of Poland (active in the regions of Greater Poland or the Grand Duchy of Poznan, Pomerania, West Prussia, and Silesia). ... Poznań Society of Friends of Arts and Sciences (Polish: Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk, PTPN) is a scientific society in Poznań, Poland, established 1875, associating researchers of all scientific branches. ...

German organizations in the Grand Duchy of Poznań

Building of Settlement Commission in Poznań, today Collegium Maius The Settlement Commission (German: Ansiedlungskommission) was a department that operated between 1886 and 1918, set up by Otto von Bismarck to increase land ownership of Germans at the expense of Poles in the eastern provinces of the German Empire, through the... The Settlement Commission (German: Ansiedlungskommission) was a department that operated between 1886 and 1918, set up by Bismarck to increase land ownership of Germans at the expense of Poles in the eastern provinces of the German Empire, through the use of economic and political methods, as part of the country... German Eastern Marches Society (German: Deutscher Ostmarkenverein) was a German nationalistic organisation founded in 1894 in what used to be Posen, Prussia (now Poznań, Poland). ...

Famous people of the Grand Duchy of Poznań

Image:Poznan ratusz.jpg
Poznań town hall

(in alphabetical order)

  • Stanisław Adamski (1875-1967), Polish priest, social and political activist of the Union of Catholic Societies of Polish Workers (Związek Katolickich Towarzystw Robotników Polskich), founder and editor of the 'Robotnik' (Worker) weekly
  • Tomasz K. Bartkiewcz (1865-1931), Polish composer and organist, co-founder of the Singer Circles Union (Związek Kół Śpiewackich)
  • Józef Brzeziński
  • Hipolit Cegielski (1815-1868), Polish businessman, social and cultural activist
  • Dezydery Chłapowski (1788-1879), Polish general, business and political activist
  • Bernard Chrzanowski (1861-1944), Polish social and political activist, president of the Union of the Greater Poland Falcons (Związek Sokołów Wielkopolskich)
  • August Cieszkowski (1814-1894), Polish philosopher, social and political activist, co-founder of the Polish League (Liga Polska), co-founder and president of the PTPN
  • Czesław Czypicki (1855-1926), Polish lawyer from Kożmin, activist for the singers' societies
  • Bolesław Dembiński (1833-1914), Polish composer and organist, activist fo the singers societies
  • Franciszek Dobrowolski (1830-1896), Polish theatre director, editor of Dziennika Poznańskiego (Poznań Daily)
  • Michał Drzymała (1857-1937) - famous Polish peasant
  • Tytus Działyński (1796-1861), Polish political activist, protector of arts
  • Ewaryst Estkowski (1820-1856), Polish teacher, education activist, editor of Szkoła Polska (Polish School) magazine
  • Edward H. Flotwell (1786-1865), Prussian politician, over-president of the Grand Duchy of Poznań
  • Maksymilian Jackowski (1815-1905), Polish activist, secretary-general of the Central Economic Society (Centralne Towarzystwo Gospodarcze), patron of the agricultural circles
  • Kazimierz Jarochowski (1828-1888), Polish historian, publicist of the Dziennik Poznański (Poznań Daily), co-founder of PTPN
  • Ferdinand Hansemann (1861-1900), Prussian politician, co-founder of the German Eastern Marches Society
  • Hermann Kennemann (1815-1910), Prussian politician, co-founder of the German Eastern Marches Society
  • Józef Kościelski (1845-1911), Polish politician and parliamentarian, co-founder of the Straż (Guard) society
  • Konstanty Kościnski, author of The Guide to Poznań and the Grand Duchy of Poznań (Przewodnik pod Poznaniu i Wielkim Księstwie Poznańskiem), Poznań 1909
  • Antoni Kraszewski (1797-1870), Polish politician and parliamentarian
  • Józef Krzymiński [1858-1940), Polish physician, social and political activist, member of parliament
  • Karol Libelt (1807-1875), Polish philosopher, political and social activist, president of PTPN
  • Karol Marcinkowski (1800-1848), Polish physician, social activist, founder of the Poznań Bazar
  • Władysław Marcinkowski (1858-1947), Polish sculptor who created a monument of Adam Mickiewicz in Milosław
  • Teofil Matecki (1810-1886), Polish physician, social activist, member of PTPN, founder of the Adam Mickiewicz monument of Poznań
  • Maciej Mielzyński
  • Ludwik Mycielski, Polish political, president of the National Council (Rada Narodowa) in 1913
  • Andrzej Niegolewski (1787-1857), Polish colonel during the Napoleonic Wars, member of parliament, shareholder of the Poznań Bazar
  • Władysław Niegolewski (1819-1885), Polish liberal politician and member of parliament, insurgent in 1846, 1848 and 1863, cofounder of TCL and CTG
  • Władysław Oleszczyński (1808-1866), Polish sculptor, who created a monument of Adam Mickiewicz in Poznań
  • Gustaw Potworowski (1800-1860), Polish activist, founder of the Kasyno in Gostyń, activist of the Polish League (Liga Polska)
  • Edward Raczyński (1786-1845), Polish conservative politician, protector of arts, founder of the Raczynski Library in Poznań
  • Antoni Radziwiłł (1775-1833), Polish duke, composer, and politician, governor-general of the Grand Duchy of Poznań
  • Cyryl Ratajski (1875-1942), president of Poznań 1922-34
  • Karol Rzepecki (1865-1931), Polish bookseller, social and political activist, editor of Sokół (Falcon) magazine
  • Walenty Stefański (1813-1877), Polish bookseller, political activist, co-founder of the Polish League (Liga Polska)
  • Florian Stablewski (1841-1906), Polish priest archbishop of Poznań and Gniezno, Polish member of Prussian parliament
  • Antoni Stychel (1859-1935), Polish priest, member of parliament, president of the Union of the Catholic Societies of Polish Workers (Związek Katolickich Towarzystw Robotników Polskich)
  • Roman Szymański (1840-1908), Polish political activist, publicist, editor of Orędownik magazine
  • Heinrich Tiedemann (1840-1922), Prussian politician, co-founder of the German Eastern Marches Society
  • Aniela Tułodziecka (1853-1932), Polish educational activist of the Warta Society (Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Wzajemnego Pouczania się i Opieki nad Dziećmi Warta)
  • Teofil Walicki
  • Piotr Wawrzyniak (1849-1910), Polish priest, economic and educational activist, patron of the Union of the Earnings and Economic Societies (Związek Spółek Zarobkowych i Gospodarczych)
  • Leon Wegner (1824-1873), Polish economist and historian, co-founder of PTPN
  • Richard Witting (1812-1912), Prussian politician, over-president of Poznań City 1891-1902

StanisÅ‚aw Adamski (1875-1967) was a Polish priest, social and political activist of the Union of Catholic Societies of Polish Workers (ZwiÄ…zek Katolickich Towarzystw Robotników Polskich), founder and editor of the Robotnik (Worker) weekly. ... Tomasz K. Bartkiewcz (1865-1931) was a Polish composer and organist, co-founder of the Singer Circles Union (Związek Kół Śpiewackich). ... Hipolit Cegielski (1815-1868) was a Polish businessman and social and cultural activist. ... Dezydery ChÅ‚apowski Dezydery ChÅ‚apowski (1788-1879) was a Polish general, business and political activist. ... Bernard Chrzanowski (1861-1944) was a Polish social and political activist, president of the Union of the Greater Poland Falcons (Związek Sokołów Wielkopolskich). ... August Cieszkowski (1814-1894) was a Polish philosopher, economist, social and political activist, co-founder of the Polish League (Liga Polska), co-founder and president of the PoznaÅ„ Society of Friends of Arts and Sciences (PTPN). ... Poznań Society of Friends of Arts and Sciences (Polish: Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk, PTPN) is a scientific society in Poznań, Poland, established 1875, associating researchers of all scientific branches. ... CzesÅ‚aw Czypicki (1855-1926) was a Polish lawyer from Kożmin, activist fo the singers societies. ... BolesÅ‚aw DembiÅ„ski (1833-1914) was a Polish composer and organist, activist for the singers societies. ... Franciszek Dobrowolski (1830-1896) was a Polish theatre director, editor of Dziennik Poznański (Poznań Daily) References Witold Jakóbczyk, Przetrwać na Wartą 1815-1914, Dzieje narodu i państwa polskiego, vol. ... MichaÅ‚ DrzymaÅ‚a (13 September 1857 in Zdroje near Grodzisk Wielkopolski-25 April 1937 in Grabówka) was a Polish peasant, living in the Greater Poland region (or the Grand Duchy of PoznaÅ„) under the Prussian rule. ... Tytus Adam DziaÅ‚yÅ„ski (1796-1861, son of Ksawery, father to Jan Kanty) was a Polish political activist and protector of arts. ... Ewaryst Estkowski (1820-1856) was a Polish teacher, education activist, editor of Szkoła Polska (Polish School) magazine. ... ... Maksymilian Jackowski (1815-1905) was a Polish activist, secretary-general of the Central Economic Society (Centralne Towarzystwo Gospodarcze), patron of the agricultural circles. ... The Central Economic Society for the Grand Duchy of Poznań (Polish: Centralne Towarzystwo Gospodarcze dla Wielkiego Księstwa Poznańskiego) was an social-economic organization of Polish landowners in Greater Poland region (at this time called the Grand Duchy of Poznań established at the meeting on... Kazimierz Jarochowski (1828-1888) was a Polish historian, publicist of the Dziennik Poznański (Poznań Daily), co-foundrer of PTPN. References Witold Jakóbczyk, Przetrwać na Wartą 1815-1914, Dzieje narodu i państwa polskiego, vol. ... Poznań Society of Friends of Arts and Sciences (Polish: Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk, PTPN) is a scientific society in Poznań, Poland, established 1875, associating researchers of all scientific branches. ... Ferdinand Hansemann (1861-1900) was a Prussian politician, co-founder of the Hakata Society. ... German Eastern Marches Society (German: Deutscher Ostmarkenverein) was a German nationalistic organisation founded in 1894 in what used to be Posen, Prussia (now PoznaÅ„, Poland). ... Hermann Kennemann (1815-1910) was a Prussian politician, co-founder of the Hakata Society. ... German Eastern Marches Society (German: Deutscher Ostmarkenverein) was a German nationalistic organisation founded in 1894 in what used to be Posen, Prussia (now PoznaÅ„, Poland). ... Józef KoÅ›cielski (1845-1911) was a Polish politician and parliamentarian, co-founder of the Straż (Guard) society. ... Antoni Kraszewski (1797-1870) was a Polish politician and parliamanetarian. ... Józef KrzymiÅ„ski (1858-1940) was a Polish physician, social and political activist, member of parliament. ... Karol Libelt (1807-1875) was a Polish philosopher, writer, political and social activist, social worker and liberal, nationalist politician, president of PTPN. Libelt took part in the failed November Uprising against Russia in 1830. ... Poznań Society of Friends of Arts and Sciences (Polish: Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk, PTPN) is a scientific society in Poznań, Poland, established 1875, associating researchers of all scientific branches. ... Karol Marcinkowski (23 June 1800 in Poznań-6 November 1846) was a Polish physician, social activist in the Greater Poland region (also called the Grand Duchy of Poznań), supporter of the basic education (Praca organiczna) programmes, organizer of the Scientific Help Society (Towarzystwo Pomocy Naukowej) and the Poznan... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw Marcinkowski (1858-1947) was a Polish sculptor who created a monument of Adam Mickiewicz in MilosÅ‚aw. ... Adam Mickiewicz. ... Coat of Arms MiÅ‚osÅ‚aw is a town in WrzeÅ›nia County, Poland, with 3,562 inhabitants (2004). ... Teofil Matecki (1810-1886) was a Polish physician, social activist, member of PTPN, founder of the Adam Mickiewicz monument of Poznań. References Witold Jakóbczyk, Przetrwać na Wartą 1815-1914, Dzieje narodu i państwa polskiego, vol. ... Ludwik Mycielski ([[]]-[[]]) was a Polish political, president of the National Council (Rada Narodowa) in 1913. ... Andrzej Niegolewski (1787-1857) was a Polish colonel during the Napoleonic Wars, member of parliament, shareholder of the Poznan Bazar. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw Niegolewski (1819-1885) was a Polish liberal politician and member of parliament, insurgent in Greater Poland Uprising 1846, Greater Poland Uprising 1848 and January Uprising 1863, cofounder of Central Economic Society (TCL) in 1861 and Peoples Libraries Society (CTG) in 1880. ... Peoples Libraries Society (Polish: Towarzystwo Czytelni Ludowych, TLC) was an educational society established in 1880 for the Prussian partition of Poland (active in the regions of Greater Poland or the Grand Duchy of Poznan, Pomerania, West Prussia, and Silesia). ... The Central Economic Society for the Grand Duchy of PoznaÅ„ (Polish: Centralne Towarzystwo Gospodarcze dla Wielkiego KsiÄ™stwa PoznaÅ„skiego) was a social-economic organization of Polish landowners in the Greater Poland region (at this time called the Grand Duchy of PoznaÅ„) established at a meeting held 21-22 February... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw OleszczyÅ„ski (1808-1866) was a Polish sculptor, who created a monument of Adam Mickiewicz in PoznaÅ„. References Witold Jakóbczyk, Przetrwać na WartÄ… 1815-1914, Dzieje narodu i paÅ„stwa polskiego, vol. ... Gustaw Potworowski (1800-1860) was a Polish activist, founder of the Kasyno in Gostyń, activist of the Polish League (Liga Polska). ... Count Edward RaczyÅ„ski (1786-1845) was a Polish conservative politician, protector of arts, founder of the Raczynski Library in PoznaÅ„. Married to Konstancja Potocka since 1817. ... The façade of the Library The RaczyÅ„ski Library was founded by Edward RaczyÅ„ski (1786-1845) in PoznaÅ„. The librarys building was erected in 1822 - 1828 with the financial support of Edward RaczyÅ„ski Foundation. ... Noble Family RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Coat of Arms TrÄ…by Parents MichaÅ‚ Hieronim RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Helena Przeździecka Consorts Louise von Hohenzollern Children with Louise von Hohenzollern Fryderyk Wilhelm RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Ferdynant Fryderyk RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Eliza Fryderyka RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ BogusÅ‚aw Fryderyk RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Augusta Wilhelmina RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Date of Birth June 13, 1775 Place of Birth Wilno... Monument of Cyryl Ratajski in Poznan Cyryl Ratajski ( 1875- 1942) was a Polish politician and lawyer. ... Karol Rzepecki (1865-1931) was a Polish bookseller, social and political activist, editor of Sokół (Falcon) magazine References Witold Jakóbczyk, Przetrwać na Wartą 1815-1914, Dzieje narodu i państwa polskiego, vol. ... Banner of the BÄ™dzin-based Sokół nest Sokół festival in Lwów, 1903 Sokół member in parade uniform Sokół (Polish: , Polish Gymnastic Society Falcon) is the oldest Polish youth movement organization, modelled after the Pan-Slavic Sokol. ... Walenty StefaÅ„ski (1813-1877) was a Polish bookseller, political activist, co-founder of the Polish League (Liga Polska). ... Florian Stablewski (1841-1906) was a Polish priest and politician, archbishop of Poznań and Gniezno, Polish member of Prussian parliament. ... Antoni Stychel (1859-1935) was a Polish priest, member of parliament, president of the Union of the Catholic Societies of Polish Workers (Związek Katolickich Towarzystw Robotników Polskich). ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Heinrich Tiedemann (1840-1922) was a Prussian politician, co-founder of the Hakata Society. ... German Eastern Marches Society (German: Deutscher Ostmarkenverein) was a German nationalistic organisation founded in 1894 in what used to be Posen, Prussia (now PoznaÅ„, Poland). ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Piotr Wawrzyniak (1849-1910) was a Polish priest, economic and educational activist, patron of the Union of the Earnings and Economic Societies (Związek Spółek Zarobkowych i Gospodarczych). ... Leon Wegner (1824-1873) was a Polish economist and historian, co-founder of PTPN References Witold Jakóbczyk, Przetrwać na Wartą 1815-1914, Dzieje narodu i państwa polskiego, vol. ... Poznań Society of Friends of Arts and Sciences (Polish: Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk, PTPN) is a scientific society in Poznań, Poland, established 1875, associating researchers of all scientific branches. ... Richard Witting ([[]]-[[]]) was a Prussian politician, over-president of Poznań City in 1891-1902. ...

See also

  • History of Poland (1795-1918)
  • History of Poznań

Although the majority of the szlachta was reconciled to the end of the Commonwealth in 1795, the possibility of Polish independence was kept alive by events within and without Poland throughout the nineteenth century. ... Poznań plays an important role as one of Polands oldest cities, making it a significant historical center. ...

References

  • Robert Alvis, Religion and the Rise of Nationalism: A Profile of an East-Central European City, Syracuse 2005
  • Gazeta Wielkiego Księstwa Poznańskiego
  • Konstanty Kościnski, Przewodnik pod Poznaniu i Wielkim Księstwie Poznańskiem, Poznań 1909
  • T. Dohnalowa, Z dziejów postępu technicznego w Wielkopolsce w pierwszej połowie XIX wieku, in: S.Kubiak, L.Trzeciakowski (ed.), Rola Wielkopolski w dziejach narodu polskiego
  • F. Genzen, Z.Grot, F.Paprocki, Zabór pruski w Powstaniu Styczniowym. Materiały i dokumenty, Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków 1968
  • B. Grześ, J.Kozłowski, A.Kramarski, Niemcy w Poznańskiem wobec polityki germanizacyjnej 1815-1920, Poznań 1976
  • Witold Jakóbczyk, Przetrwać nad Wartą 1815-1914. Dzieje narodu i państwa polskiego, vol. III-55, Krajowa Agencja Wydawnicza, Warszawa 1989
  • Witold Jakóbczyk (ed.), Studia nad dziejami Wielkopolski w XIX w., vol.I-III, Poznań 1951-1967
  • Witold Jakóbczyk (ed.), Wielkopolanie XIX w., Poznań 1969
  • Witold Jakóbczyk (ed.), Wielkopolska. Wybór źródeł, t. I 1815-1850, Wrocław 1952
  • Witold Jakóbczyk (ed.), Wielkopolska. Wybór źródeł, t. II 1851-1914, Wrocław 1954
  • T. Klanowski, Germanizacja gimnazjów w Wielkim Księstwie Poznańskim i opór młodzieży polskiej w latach 1870-1814, Poznań 1962
  • Czesław Łuczak, Życie społeczno-gospodarcze w Poznaniu 1815-1918, Poznań 1965
  • K. Malinowski (ed.), X wieków Poznania, Poznań-Warszawa 1956
  • Witold Molik, Kształtowanie się inteligencji wielkopolskiej w Wielkim Księstwie Poznańskim 1840-1870, Warszawa-Poznań 1979
  • F. Paprocki, Wielkie Księstwo Poznańskie w okresie rządów Flottwella (1830-1842), Poznań 1970
  • L. Plater, Opisanie historyczno-statystyczne Wielkiego Księstwa Poznańskiego, wyd. J. N. Bobrowicz, Lipsk 1846
  • B. Pleśniarski, Poglądy Wielkopolan na sprawy wychowawcze i oświatowe w świetle prasy Księstwa Poznańskiego 1814-1847,
  • A. Skałkowski, Bazar Poznański. Zarys stuletnich dziejów (1838-1938), Poznań 1938
  • L. Słowiński, Nie damy pogrześć mowy. Wizerunki pedagogów poznańskich XIX wieku, Poznań 1982
  • J. Stoiński, Szkolnictwo średnie w Wielkim Księstwie Poznańskim w I połowie XIX wieku (1815-1850), Poznań 1972
  • J. Topolski (ed.), Wielkopolska przez wieki, Poznań 1973
  • S. Truchim, Geneza szkół realnych w Wielkim Księstwie Poznańskim, Warszawa 1936
  • S. Truchim, Historia szkolnictwa i oświaty polskiej w Wielkim Księstwie Poznańskim 1815-1915, Łódź 1967
  • Lech Trzeciakowski, Kulturkampf w zaborze pruskim, Poznań 1970
  • Lech Trzeciakowski, Pod pruskim zaborem 1850-1914, Warszawa 1973
  • Lech Trzeciakowski, Walka o polskość miast Poznańskiego na przełomie XIX i XX wieku, Poznań 1964
  • Lech Trzeciakowski, W dziewiętnastowiecznym Poznaniu, Poznań 1987
  • Wielkopolski Słownik Biograficzny, 2nd edition, Warszawa-Poznań 1983


Witold Jakóbczyk (1909–1986) was a Polish historian, professor of Poznan University, specializing in history of Greater Poland in the 19th century. ... Witold Jakóbczyk (1909–1986) was a Polish historian, professor of Poznan University, specializing in history of Greater Poland in the 19th century. ... Witold Jakóbczyk (1909–1986) was a Polish historian, professor of Poznan University, specializing in history of Greater Poland in the 19th century. ... Witold Jakóbczyk (1909–1986) was a Polish historian, professor of Poznan University, specializing in history of Greater Poland in the 19th century. ... Witold Jakóbczyk (1909–1986) was a Polish historian, professor of Poznan University, specializing in history of Greater Poland in the 19th century. ... Lech Trzeciakowski (born 24 December, 1931 in Poznan) is a Polish historian and director of the Western Institute (Instytut Zachodni) in Poznań in years 1974- 1978. ... Lech Trzeciakowski (born 24 December, 1931 in Poznan) is a Polish historian and director of the Western Institute (Instytut Zachodni) in Poznań in years 1974- 1978. ... Lech Trzeciakowski (born 24 December, 1931 in Poznan) is a Polish historian and director of the Western Institute (Instytut Zachodni) in Poznań in years 1974- 1978. ... Lech Trzeciakowski (born 24 December, 1931 in Poznan) is a Polish historian and director of the Western Institute (Instytut Zachodni) in Poznań in years 1974- 1978. ...

 
Greater Poland
Historical administrative divisions
Duchy of Greater Poland (12th-13th centuries) • Poznań Voivodeship and Kalisz Voivodeship (until 1768) • Poznań Voivodeship, Kalisz Voivodeship, Gniezno Voivodeship, and Netze District (until 1793) • South Prussia (until 1806) • Poznań Department, Kalisz Department and Bydgoszcz Department (until 1815) • Grand Duchy of Poznań (until 1848) • Province of Posen (until 1918) • Poznań Voivodeship (until 1939) • Reichsgau Posen (1939) • Reichsgau Wartheland (until 1945) • Poznań Voivodeship (until 1975) • Poznań Voivodeship, Kalisz Voivodeship, Leszno Voivodeship, Konin Voivodeship and Piła Voivodeship (until 1998) • Greater Poland Voivodeship


  Results from FactBites:
 
Grand Duchy of Poznan (1408 words)
The monarch of the Duchy was the Prussian King (a Hohenzollern) and his representative was the governor-general: the first was prince Antoni Radziwill (1815-1831), married to Princess Luise of Prussia, the king's cousin.
The territory of the duchy was divided into 2 districts: Kreis Posen (Poznan District), Kreis Bromberg (Bydgoszcz District), and 26 counties administered by the landrats and the county councils.
The Province of Poznań; (German: Provinz Posen, Polish: Prowincja Poznańska) was a province of Prussia (1846-1918).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m