A GRAND GREAT CHANCELLOR (or GREAT CHANCELLOR) is a Chancellor whose title is made loftier, compare Archchancellor. history An archichancellor (Latin Archicancellarius) See also Grand chancellor fiction In the Discworld novels of Terry Pratchett, the Archchancellor is the head of Unseen University, the Discs premier college of magic, situated in Ankh-Morpork. ...
This can be a mere 'flattery', suggesting only the important of his office (and of his chancery), AND/OR signal him out as a higher rank in a hierarchy which includes several levels styled (deputy) chancellor etcetera.
In the case of the Polish -Lithuanian commonwealth (1569-1795), there were no less than four 'royal' (demi-)chanceries, two for 'the crown' (i.e. the kingdom Poland proper) and two for (the grand duchy of) Lithuania, all headed by chancellors of ministerial rank (carrying a seat in the senate) : in each country one styled Kanclerz wielki (literally 'Grand chancellor') in charge of a 'greater chancery' and one styled Podkanclercy (literally under-chancellor) but in his own right is charge of a 'minor chancery' - see the article Kanclerz
The same title is used for an officer in an order of knighthood, regardless whether this actually has a functioning chancery – as many modern orders are merely honorary, so are their offices, secretarial work may rather be done be the civil service of the awarding authority (usually a state).
Kanclerz (Polish for Chancellor, from latin:castellanus) was one of the highest officials in the historic Poland. ...
The title as “German Chancellor” 1524-1660 anticipated the Minister of Foreign Affairs while the “Chancellor of the Realm” from the 1370s to 1660 was something between a Minister of Juridical Affairs and a President of the Supreme Court.
Formerly, the Lord Chancellor was the sole judge in the Court of Chancery.
Chancellor of the Exchequer, the minister with overall responsibility for the Exchequer or Treasury.
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