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Encyclopedia > Grand Canyon National Park
Grand Canyon National Park
IUCN Category II (National Park)
Location: Arizona, USA
Nearest city: Flagstaff, AZ
Coordinates: 36°3′27″N, 112°8′15″W
Area: 1,217,403.32 acres
  (1,180,862.78 federal)

4,926.66 km²
Established: February 26, 1919
Total Visitation: 4,447,235 (in 2005)
Governing body: National Park Service
Grand Canyon National Park1
UNESCO World Heritage Site
State Party United States of America
Type Natural
Criteria vii, viii, ix, x
Identification #75
Region2 Europe and North America
Inscription History
Formal Inscription: 1979
3rd WH Committee Session
WH link: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/75

1 Name as officially inscribed on the WH List
2 As classified officially by UNESCO
The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales, UK A national park is a reserve of land, usually declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Image File history File links US_Locator_Blank. ... Official language(s) English Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... Nickname: City of Seven Wonders Location in Coconino County the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona County Coconino County Mayor Joseph C. Donaldson Area    - City 63. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...

Grand Canyon National Park is one of the United States' oldest national parks and is located in Arizona. Within the park lies the Grand Canyon, a gorge of the Colorado River, considered to be one of the major natural wonders of the world. The park covers 1,902 mi² (4927 km²). The parks of the United States National Park system are one type of protected area in the United States and are operated by the National Park Service. ... Official language(s) English Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... The Grand Canyon is a very colorful, steep-sided gorge, carved by the Colorado River, in the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River is a river in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately 1,450 mi (2,333 km) long, draining a part of the arid regions on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ...


Most visitors to the park come to the South Rim, arriving on Arizona Highway 64. The Highway enters the park through the South Entrance, near Tusayan, Arizona, and heads eastward, leaving the park through the East Entrance. Park headquarters are at Grand Canyon Village, a short distance from the South Entrance, being also the center of the most popular viewpoints. Some thirty miles of the South Rim are accessible by road. A much smaller venue for tourists is found on the North Rim, accessed by Arizona Highway 67. There is no connection by road between the two, except via the Navajo Bridge, entailing a five-hour drive. The rest of the Grand Canyon is extremely rugged and remote, although many places are accessible by pack trail and backcountry roads. Tusayan is a census-designated place located in Coconino County, Arizona. ... Grand Canyon Village is a census-designated place located right on the south rim of the Grand Canyon, in Coconino County, Arizona. ... Navajo Bridge crosses the Colorado Rivers Marble Canyon near Lees Ferry, Arizona. ...


The area around the Grand Canyon became a national monument on January 11, 1908 and was designated national park on February 26, 1919. The creation of the park was an early success of the environmental conservation movement; its National Park status may have helped thwart proposals to dam the Colorado River within its boundaries. (Lack of this fame may have enabled Glen Canyon Dam to be built upriver, flooding Glen Canyon and creating Lake Powell.) UNESCO has declared it as a World Heritage Site. Navajo National Monument Devils Tower National Monument Statue of Liberty National Monument Fort Matanzas National Monument A National Monument is a protected area of the United States that is similar to a national park (specifically a U.S. National Park) except that the President of the United States can quickly... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Glen Canyon Dam on 19 June 2005. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


The Grand Canyon itself, including its extensive system of tributary canyons, is neither the largest nor deepest canyon in the world, but it is valued for the spectacular combination of large size, depth, and the exposed layering of colorful rocks dating back to Precambrian times. It was created through the incision of the Colorado River and its tributaries after the Colorado Plateau was uplifted and the Colorado River system developed along its present path.


External links

Parks of Arizona
National parks
Grand CanyonPetrified ForestSaguaro
National Monuments
Operated by the National Park Service
Canyon de ChellyCasa Grande RuinsChiricahua • Grand Canyon-Parashant • Hohokam PimaMontezuma CastleNavajoOrgan Pipe CactusPipe SpringSunset Crater VolcanoTontoTuzigootWalnut CanyonWupatki
Operated by the Bureau of Land Management
Agua FriaIronwood ForestSonoran DesertVermilion Cliffs
State parks
Northern Region
Dead Horse Ranch • Fool Hollow Lake • Fort Verde • Homolovi Ruins • Jerome • Lyman Lake • Red Rock • Riordan Mansion • Slide Rock • Tonto Natural Bridge
Southern Region
Boyce Thompson ArboretumCatalinaKartchner CavernsLost DutchmanMcFarlandOraclePatagonia LakePicacho Peak • Roper Lake • Sonoita Creek Natural Area • Tombstone CourthouseTubac Presidio
Western Region
Alamo LakeBuckskin Mountain • Cattail Cove • Lake Havasu • Yuma Crossing • Yuma Territorial Prison
Municipal parks
South Mountain ParkPapago Park

 
 

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