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Encyclopedia > Grand Ayatollah Fazel Lankarani
This article is about a recently deceased person.
Some information, such as the circumstances of the person's death and surrounding events, may change rapidly as more facts become known.
Born: 1931
Birth Location: Qom, Iran
Died June 16, 2007
Official Website Lankarani

Grand Ayatollah Muhammad Fazel Lankarani (1931 in Qom, IranJune 16, 2007 in London, England) was the son of the late Ayatollah Fazel Lankarani, and a student of Grand Ayatollah Borujerdi. He was an ethnic Azeri.[1] Image File history File links Current_event_marker. ... // The following is a list of notable deaths in 2007. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Qom (Persian: قم, also known as Qum or Kom) is a city in Iran and the Qom (River) flows through the town. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Ayatollah redirects here. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Qom (Persian: قم, also known as Qum or Kom) is a city in Iran and the Qom (River) flows through the town. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the Queen England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 967 AD  Area  -  Total 130,395 km²  50,346 sq mi  Population  -  2007 estimate 50... Ayatollah Sayyid Husayn Borujerdi (آیت‌الله سیدحسين بورجردی in Persian, 1914 -2003) was a Grand Shiite ayatollah. ... This article is about the Azerbaijani ethnic group. ...

Contents

Clerical activities

Grand Ayatollah Fazel Lankarani was declared as the most knowledgeable specialist in the field of the Islamic law (Marja al-taqlid) by the central Shi'a school of religious studies in Qom, Hawza 'Ilmiyyah, after the death of Ayatollah Khomeini. Lankarani taught in the areas of the science of Islamic law (fiqh) and Usul al-fiqh for the last 25 years of his life. He received his ijtihad, the permission of independent interpretation of the legal sources (the Qur'an and the Sunnah), from Ayatollah Boroujerdi at the age of 25. He led the prayer in the haram of Bibi Masouma A.S in Qum. Marjaˤ (Arabic/Persian: مرجع), also appearing as Marja Taqlid (Arabic: مرجع التقليد, Persian: مرجع تقليد), literally means Source of Imitation, Reference of Emulation or Source of Tradition and refers to the second highest authority on religion and law in Twelver Shia Islam after Muhammad and Shia Imams. ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ... Hawza is an academy or school of traditional Islamic studies. ... Ayatollah Khomeini founded the first modern Islamic republic Ayatollah Seyyed Ruhollah Khomeini (آیت‌الله روح‌الله خمینی in Persian) (May 17, 1900 – June 3, 1989) was an Iranian Shia cleric and the political... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Uṣūl al-fiqh (Arabic: ‎ ) is a term which literally translates to the roots of the law and refers to the study of the origins, sources, and practice of Islamic jurisprudence. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Holy cities | Cities in Iran ...


Fazel Lankarani was a strong supporter of the Ayatollah Khomeini, being jailed several times and exiled once prior to the Iranian revolution.[2] 1980 Iranian stamp commemorating the Islamic Revolution After Islamic Conquest  Modern (SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic) Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      The Iranian Revolution (also known as the Islamic Revolution,[1][2][3][4][5][6] Persian: انقلاب اسلامی, Enghelābe Eslāmi) was the revolution that transformed Iran...


After the Iranian Revolution, he was a member of the Assembly of Experts, Iran's leading religious body.[2] The Assembly of Experts (also Assembly of Experts for the Leadership) of Iran (Persian: مجلس خبرگان رهبری, Majles-e-Khobregan), is a congressional body for selecting the Supreme Leader and supervising his activities. ...


His Resalah, the book including his interpretation of Islamic laws on different topics, is available in Arabic, English, Persian, Turkish, Urdu, and other languages. A Resalah is the name of the books writen by Shia Marja that contains their fatwa on different topics. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ...


Fazel Lankarani was one of three religious leaders who called on Islamic believers to kill Salman Rushdie under the fatwa issued by the Ayatollah Khomeini following the publication of The Satanic Verses in 1989.[2] Sir Ahmed Salman Rushdie (Hindi: Urdu: سلمان رشدی; born 19 June 1947) is a British-Indian novelist and essayist. ... A fatwā (Arabic: ; plural fatāwā Arabic: ), is a considered opinion in Islam made by a mufti, a scholar capable of issuing judgments on Sharia (Islamic law). ... The Satanic Verses (1988), 2006 Vintage paperback edition The Satanic Verses is Salman Rushdies fourth novel, first published in 1988 and inspired in part by the life of Muhammad. ...


In November 2006 Lankarani issued a fatwa calling for the deaths of Rafiq Tağı, an Azeri writer, and Tagi's editor, Samir Sədaqətoğlunu, who were accused of criticizing Islam.[3] Tagi's writings sparked recent demonstrations outside the Azerbaijani embassy in Teheran. According to Iranian and Islamic law, these sentences are only applicable if either individual freely and willfully enters Iran and submit themselves to the authorities. A fatwā (Arabic: ; plural fatāwā Arabic: ), is a considered opinion in Islam made by a mufti, a scholar capable of issuing judgments on Sharia (Islamic law). ... Rafiq Tağı is an Azerbaijani journalist who worked for Senet newspaper until police arrested him and Senet editor Samir Sadagatoglu for inciting racial hatred through TaÄŸis article Europe and Us. ... Anthem AzÉ™rbaycan Respublikasının DövlÉ™t Himni (March of Azerbaijan) Capital (and largest city) Baku Official languages Azerbaijani Demonym Azerbaijani Government Republic  -  President Ilham Aliyev  -  Prime Minister Artur Rasizade Independence from the Soviet Union   -  Declared August 30, 1991   -  Completed December 25, 1991  Area  -  Total 86,600 km... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... Tehran (also spelled Teheran) (تهران in Persian), population 8,000,000 (metropolitan: 10,000,000), is the capital of Iran and one of the major world cities. ...


He also believed that women do not have the right to watch male soccer players at stadiums.[4]


He moved to Tehran from the holy city of Qom to receive medical treatment but after his treatment proved unsatisfactory and his general health conditions deteriorated, he died on Saturday June 16, 2007. June 16 is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


See also

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

References

  1. ^ (Turkish) Cehennemin kapıları/H.Miray VURMAY - ORTADOĞU ARAŞTIRMALARI MASASI
  2. ^ a b c Reuters via CNN, "Senior Iranian leader dies" June 16 2007
  3. ^ Frances Harrison, BBC News in Teheran. "Iran issues fatwa on Azeri writer", BBC News, November 29, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-11-30. 
  4. ^ BBC Persian

The current BBC News logo BBC News and Current Affairs is a major arm of the BBC responsible for the corporations newsgathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 30 is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Official site
  • Biography
  • New terror-fatwa‎

 
 

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