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Encyclopedia > Granada Television
Granada Television
Based in Manchester
Broadcast area North (1956-1968)
North West England (1968-present)
Launched May 3, 1956


A Granada TV logo from the 1970's.
Closed Lost on-air identity October 27, 2002. (known verbally as ITV1 Granada before regional programming only)
Replaced ABC Weekend TV on weekends from 1968
Replaced by Yorkshire Television in east of original region from 1968
Website itvlocal.com/granada
Owned by ITV plc

Granada Television is the United Kingdom ITV contractor for North West England. It previously held the "North of England" weekday franchise (which also covered large parts of Yorkshire) from 1954 (broadcasting began on May 3, 1956) until 1968 when its broadcast area was split into two franchises. It is part of ITV plc. Image File history File links Granada. ... Manchester shown within England Coordinates: , Sovereign state United Kingdom Constituent country England Region North West England Ceremonial county Greater Manchester Admin HQ Manchester City Centre Founded 13th Century City Status 1853 Government  - Type Metropolitan borough, City  - Governing body Manchester City Council Area  - Borough & City 115. ... The north, the midlands and the south Northern England, The North or North of England is a rather ill-defined term, with no universally accepted definition. ... North West England is one of the nine regions of England. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1970s Granada TV (UK) logo This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Associated British Corporation (otherwise known as ABC Television or ABC Weekend TV) was one of a number of commercial television companies set up in the 1950s by cinema chains in an attempt to safeguard their business by getting involved in television which was taking away their cinema audiences. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ... Independent Television (generally known as ITV but also as ITV Network or Channel 3) is a public service network of British commercial television broadcasters, set up under the Independent Television Authority (ITA) to provide competition to the BBC. ITV is the oldest commercial television network in the UK. Since 1990... North West England is one of the nine regions of England. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1968 Gregorian calendar. ... ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ...


Granada was the only one of the original four ITA franchisees from 1954 which survived as a franchise holder into the twenty-first century, until the merger of its parent company, Granada plc in 2004 into ITV plc. The North West franchise continues to be held by Granada Television Ltd, part of ITV plc. The Independent Television Authority (ITA) was a body created by the Television Act 1954 to supervise the creation of Independent Television (ITV), the first commercial television network in the United Kingdom. ... Granada plc (previously called Granada Group plc and Granada Media plc) is a former British media and previously catering conglomarate, best known as the former parent of Granada Television Limited. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ...

Contents

Origins

In the 1930s, Cecil and Sidney Bernstein created a cinema chain in the south of England which they called Granada Theatres Limited, after a visit to the area of Granada in Spain by Cecil in 1926. Coordinates: Country Spain Autonomous community Andalusia Settled since 7th century BC Area  - City 88 km²  (34 sq mi) Elevation 738 m (2,421. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Some twenty years later with the dawn of commercial television, similarly to Associated British Picture Corporation, the Bernsteins decided to be involved in the new industry which was a competitor to the cinema chains. Associated British Corporation (otherwise known as ABC Television or ABC Weekend TV) was one of a number of commercial television companies set up in the 1950s by cinema chains in an attempt to safeguard their business by getting involved in television which was taking away their cinema audiences. ...


The North of England was selected to create a strong regional identity. Other possibilities were the London franchise, was not selected since Granada feared the quantity and quality of other candidates, and The Midlands franchise, which was considered too bland for a strong regional identity. Also, a franchise in the north of England would not have any detrimental effects on the business of the (largely) southern-based cinemas, The midlands of a territory are its central regions. ...


The Early Years

The Granada studios complex on Quay Street, Manchester
The Granada studios complex on Quay Street, Manchester

With some eighteen months between the awarding of their franchise and the start of transmission, Granada built a brand new studio complex, on bomb clearance land close to the River Irwell in Manchester. This was revolutionary on two counts; Firstly the new ITV companies tended to build production centres in London and just have regional offices in their constituencies (strategies used by both ABC and ATV and eerily similar to the prevailing direction of the present day ITV). Granada wanted to be 'at the heart' of their area and so built a main base in the centre of Manchester. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 1. ... Manchester shown within England Coordinates: , Sovereign state United Kingdom Constituent country England Region North West England Ceremonial county Greater Manchester Admin HQ Manchester City Centre Founded 13th Century City Status 1853 Government  - Type Metropolitan borough, City  - Governing body Manchester City Council Area  - Borough & City 115. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Associated British Corporation (otherwise known as ABC Television or ABC Weekend TV) was one of a number of commercial television companies set up in the 1950s by cinema chains in an attempt to safeguard their business by getting involved in television which was taking away their cinema audiences. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Secondly they were the first British television company to create facilities purpose-built for television production. Prior to this (and for some time after) companies converted former film studios, cinemas or other large buildings. The centre at Manchester pre-dated the BBC's Television Centre by four years. To embellish the scale of the company, the studios were numbered with even numbers only (2, 4, 6 etc.). Of the six original studios only four still exist: Studio 4, a continuity studio, was eventually mothballed and converted to office space. Studio 10 wasn't part of the Manchester complex at all, but was actually a theatre in Chelsea, London, used by Granada for recording dramas, or for other programmes with special circumstances. Studio 2 is currently a CSO studio, used for programmes such as What The Papers Say and Tonight with Trevor McDonald. All the existing studios are now operated by ITV's joint venture company with BBC Resources, 3sixtymedia. The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... BBC Television Centre BBC Television Centre (sometimes abbreviated TVC or TC) in London is home to the vast majority of BBC television output and, since 1998, almost all of the corporations national TV and radio news output by BBC News. ... Chelsea can refer to: Locations in the United Kingdom Chelsea, London, a neighbourhood in London Chelsea porcelain factory, a now defunct, but still famous, porcelain factory Metropolitan Borough of Chelsea, a former borough in London, now part of the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea Chelsea Bridge, a bridge in... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


The company also opened a small production office in Leeds to serve the area that would be eventually covered by the Emley Moor transmitter. In the early 1980s and in response to criticism the station was neglecting Merseyside it opened a news centre at the Albert Dock, Liverpool, since replaced with a smaller district office based in the Liver Building. The Emley Moor tower Emley Moor (located at ) is an area of moorland near the village of Emley, near Huddersfield in West Yorkshire, England (national grid reference: SE222128). ... Merseyside is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 1,365,900. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Location within England Coordinates: , Sovereign state United Kingdom Constituent country England Region North West England Ceremonial county Historic county Merseyside Lancashire Admin HQ Liverpool City Centre Founded 1207 City Status 1880 Government  - Type Metropolitan borough, City  - Governing body Liverpool City Council Area  - Borough & City 43. ... The Liver Building is probably the most photographed and well known building in Liverpool. ...


Granada was determined to develop a strong Northern identity for themselves — Northern voices, Northern programmes, Northern idents ("From The North — Granada", and "Granadaland").


This was counter to the practice of the other franchisees, who adopted fairly nondescript names such as Associated British Corporation, Associated TeleVision, and Associated-Rediffusion, which did not have regional associations so that they could easily move their franchises to other parts of the country — if they did well, in the future the ITA might reward them with a plum London franchise. The Northern identity immediately set Granada apart, making them immovable and embedding the company into the psyche of its viewers — so much so that the term "Granada" to this day instantly means Greater Manchester, Lancashire, Merseyside and Cheshire to many viewers. Associated British Corporation (otherwise known as ABC Television or ABC Weekend TV) was one of a number of commercial television companies set up in the 1950s by cinema chains in an attempt to safeguard their business by getting involved in television which was taking away their cinema audiences. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Associated-Rediffusion, later Rediffusion London, was the British Independent Television (commercial television) contractor for London, on weekdays between 1954 (transmissions started on September 22, 1955) and July 29, 1968. ...


All this put great pressure on the early finances of the station. The predicted audiences for ITV were slow in coming and Sidney Bernstein had to personally visit large companies to persuade them to advertise on Granada. The company was having trouble paying salaries and was very close to collapse by early-1957.


Only the intervention of London station Associated Rediffusion prevented this when they agreed to underwrite Granada's costs in exchange for a significant share in their profits over the next eight years. Although this deal saved the company and seemed a good idea at the time, the popularity of ITV soon increased and the profits started flowing in, most of it going straight to Rediffusion. Understandably this upset Granada who asked if they could change the contract; equally understandably Rediffusion kept them to their word and this soured relations between the two for many years to come. Associated-Rediffusion, later Rediffusion London, was the British Independent Television (commercial television) contractor for London, on weekdays between 1954 (transmissions started on September 22, 1955) and July 29, 1968. ...



Granada's policy of regional identification was successful, and the ITA decided that all franchise contractors, large or small, should identify with their regions in this way — this was a problem which was to dog ATV for the rest of its existence and be the direct cause of the company's demise.


Programming

The culture of Granada was distinctly more Socialist than the more conservative companies further south. The company produced gritty dramas and hard-hitting documentaries such as the multi-award winning World in Action and Seven Up!. Jeremy Isaacs worked as a producer at Granada from 1958 and was involved with developing a significant portion of the channel's factual programming. The classic soap opera Coronation Street which started a 13-week, two episodes a week run on 9 December 1960, is still producing five episodes a week in 2006. World in Action was an investigative current affairs series produced by Granada Television in the United Kingdom from 1963 to 1998. ... For the soft drink, see 7 Up. ... Sir Jeremy Isaacs (b. ... Coronation Street is an award winning British soap opera. ... December 9 is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1968 it set up a unique experiment employing actors to work in television and theatre on the same contract - the Stables Theatre Company directed by Gordon McDougall. Gordon McDougall is a British theatre director and academic. ...


Granada did not produce light entertainment extravaganzas of its own, but was quite happy to transmit those produced by its co-franchisees, but by the mid-1970s it was producing programmes for an international audience, such as Laurence Olivier Presents (1976-78), Brideshead Revisited (1981), and from 1984 The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. Also in that year came the dramatisation of The Jewel in the Crown. These shows (amongst many others) were sold overseas through a separate division known as Granada Television International. Laurence Olivier Presents was a British Television series made by Granada Television which ran from 1976 to 1978. ... Brideshead Revisited is a 1981 television miniseries based on a novel by Evelyn Waugh of the same name. ... The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes is the name given to the series of Sherlock Holmes adaptations produced by British television company Granada Television between 1984 and 1994, although only the first two series bore that title on screen. ... The Jewel in the Crown is a British television drama series produced by Granada Television for ITV and based on the Raj Quartet novels by Paul Scott. ...


The productions of Brideshead and Jewel were well received at the time, but coincided with the BBCs disastrous The Borgias and the screening of the American adaptation of The Thorn Birds in each instance, giving the commercial channel a certain glow in the Thatcher era over its public funded rival. The Borgias on the cover of Radio Times magazine. ... The Thorn Birds is a 1977 best-selling novel by Colleen McCullough, an Australian author. ...


Another of its flagship programmes was the long-running quiz show, University Challenge — which was revived by the BBC in the 1990s, although still produced by Granada. One of the Granada's longest running programmes, What The Papers Say, is unique in having had three different broadcast "homes". The programme, which began in the same year Granada did, 1956, was also picked up by the BBC in the early 90s, after having been previously shown by Channel 4 as well as ITV. Granada also produced the long running quiz programme The Krypton Factor. “Quiz show” redirects here. ... University Challenge is a long-running British television quiz show, licensed and produced by Granada Television. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... What The Papers Say, is one of the longest running programmes on British television. ... The Krypton Factor was a British game show, produced by Granada Television and hosted by Gordon Burns, which ran from 1977 to 1995 on ITV. The series ran during the summer months from its inception until 1984, and from 1985 to 1995 ran from September to November (In 1987 and...


In the 1970s Granada produced a number of successful situation-comedies, often based around its constituency of north-west England. These included Nearest and Dearest, The Lovers and The Cuckoo Waltz. This theme ran into the following decade with shows such as the Brothers McGregor and Watching. A sitcom or situation comedy is a genre of comedy performance originally devised for radio but today typically found on television. ... Nearest and Dearest was a British situation comedy (sit-com) set in and around a pickle factory in Colne, Lancashire, in the North West of England. ... The Lovers (VI) The Lovers (VI) is a Major Arcana Tarot card. ... The Cuckoo Waltz is a British television sitcom made by Granada Television for the ITV network between 1975 and 1980. ... Watching is a television comedy written by Jim Hitchmough and starred Paul Bown and Emma Wray as mismatched couple Malcolm and Brenda. ...


For children the station drew on the success of 1970s pop music with shows such as Lift Off with Ayshea and giving The Bay City Rollers their own show, Shang-a-lang. The station also produced Marc, presented by glam rock star Marc Bolan. The show was still in-production when Bolan was killed in a car accident in 1977. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Bay City Rollers - was a popular British pop band of the 1970s and came from Scotland. ... Shang a Lang was The Bay City Rollers TV series, produced by Muriel Young in 1975 on the Granada ITV network. ... David Bowie as Glam superstar Ziggy Stardust on the cover of his 1973 Album Aladdin Sane. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ...


Franchise renewals

In 1968, Granada's contract was changed from weekdays across the whole "north of England" region (Lancashire and Yorkshire) to one covering the whole week in the North West (served by the Winter Hill transmitter). This led Sidney Bernstein to declare that 'if the ITA (Independent Television Authority) interfered in the territory of Granadaland he would go to the United Nations'. The Yorkshire contract (now to be served by the Emley Moor transmitter) was awarded to the Telefusion Yorkshire and Yorkshire Independent Television consortia. Located roughly north of Highland Avenue in Somerville, Massachusetts, Winter Hill is home to a number of lovingly restored homes. ... The Independent Television Authority (ITA) was a body created by the Television Act 1954 to supervise the creation of Independent Television (ITV), the first commercial television network in the United Kingdom. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... The Emley Moor tower Emley Moor (located at ) is an area of moorland near the village of Emley, near Huddersfield in West Yorkshire, England (national grid reference: SE222128). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Granada had little difficulty in retaining its franchise in the 1980 round and despite bidding significantly less than its rivals survived the 1991 round by virtue of the "quality threshold" applied by the regulator. (Granada had been out-bid for their franchise by rivals Mersey Television, but the other company was not granted the licence as their package was not deemed to meet the required quality threshold) Mersey Television is a British independent television production company, founded by renowned producer and writer Phil Redmond in the early 1980s. ...

Granada TV logo, 1970s

By the late 1980s it was thought that the UK commercial broadcasters were too small to be able to compete in the world television market - a problem exacerbated by the 1990 Broadcasting Act which instigated quotas on independent programming, removed the ITV's advertising monopoly and instigated the expensive auction process of the 1991 franchise round. Granada won the 1991 franchise round on quality grounds. 1970s Granada TV (UK) logo This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... 1970s Granada TV (UK) logo This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... The Broadcasting Act 1990 is a law of the British parliament, often regarded by both its supporters and its critics as a quintessential example of Thatcherism. ...


The Conservative government responded by relaxing the regulatory regime, so that ITV contractors could take each other over, and Granada responded by going on an acquisition spree, which resulted by 2002, in Granada establishing an effective duopoly of ITV with Carlton Television, excepting only the franchises in Central and Northern Scotland, Northern Ireland, and the Channel Islands. Independent Television (generally known as ITV but also as ITV Network or Channel 3) is a public service network of British commercial television broadcasters, set up under the Independent Television Authority (ITA) to provide competition to the BBC. ITV is the oldest commercial television network in the UK. Since 1990... Carlton Television was the United Kingdom Channel 3 (ITV) licensee for London and the surrounding areas from 9:25am every Monday to 5. ... The Central Belt of Scotland is a common term used to describe the area of highest population density within Scotland. ... Northern is an administrative division of Scotland used for police & fire services. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic) Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic and Scots1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... This article is about the British dependencies. ...


Accusations of bias

One charge that has been levelled at the company over the years is that it neglects certain areas of its franchise - particularly Liverpool and Merseyside - and has shown a slant in the setting of its programmes, levels of investment and local news coverage that show a favouritism towards the Manchester area. Location within England Coordinates: , Sovereign state United Kingdom Constituent country England Region North West England Ceremonial county Historic county Merseyside Lancashire Admin HQ Liverpool City Centre Founded 1207 City Status 1880 Government  - Type Metropolitan borough, City  - Governing body Liverpool City Council Area  - Borough & City 43. ... Manchester shown within England Coordinates: , Sovereign state United Kingdom Constituent country England Region North West England Ceremonial county Greater Manchester Admin HQ Manchester City Centre Founded 13th Century City Status 1853 Government  - Type Metropolitan borough, City  - Governing body Manchester City Council Area  - Borough & City 115. ...


This was one of the main reasons cited by Mersey Television in their failed bid to win the northwest franchise in the 1990s. Whatever the truth of the accusations, it must be noted that Granada increased its levels of investment in the city in the late eighties, moving the regional news service to prominent buildings in the city's Albert Dock complex and basing its daytime networked show This Morning there for several years. The programme moved to The London Studios in the late 90s, and the reason cited for this was that it was difficult to get top name guests to travel from London to Liverpool that early in the morning. Since then, the Albert Dock studios have been vacated and sold. ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... This Morning logo (ITV1) This Morning is a British, ITV1 daytime television programme that started on 3 October 1988 and includes celebrity guests, entertainment, advice, competitions and features. ...


With changes in the broadcasting environment making loss of its franchise highly unlikely though, some have argued that Granada has again returned to earlier ways, with investment in the Liverpool area comparatively small when compared with the facilities that exist in Manchester. In economics, a government-granted monopoly (also called a de jure monopoly) is a form of coercive monopoly in a government grants exclusive privilege to a private individual or firm to be the sole provider of a good or service; potential competitors are excluded from the market by law, regulation...


G-Wizz

In the late 90s, Granada went through a significant period of expansion and subsequent contraction, as several of the company's side ventures were sold or closed. This included the ill-fated 'G-Wizz' service in 2000, offering Internet access and what they themselves termed "high-quality content". Several of Granada's programmes (and franchisees owned by the company) also administrated their websites through G-Wizz, including This Morning, Coronation Street and Emmerdale. Unfortunately, the Flash-heavy pages were mostly unusable by their subscribers, who were largely modem-based, and take-up was low. Less than a year after it opened, Granada closed G-Wizz in March 2001, after costing the company £9 million. // == Macromedia Flash == ==]] Using Macromedia Flash 8 (bundled in Studio 8) in Windows XP. Maintainer: Adobe Systems (formerly Macromedia) Latest release: 8 / September 30th, 2005 OS: Windows (no native Windows XP Professional x64 Edition support), Mac OS X, Linux (i386 only, via wine [1]) Use: Multimedia Content Creator License: Proprietary Website...


Granada Sky Broadcasting

In 1996 Granada teamed up with BSkyB to form a joint venture Granada Sky Broadcasting to provide content and new channels to the satellite platform. Granada Breeze, the lifestyle channel (an amalgamation of several earlier channels, including Granada Talk TV, Granada Food and Wine, Granada Health and Beauty, Granada TV High Street) and Granada Home and Garden, was broadcast from a custom-built conservatory studio in the grounds of the existing studios, but closed in 2002. Granada Plus (a channel devoted to showing Granada's back catalogue of TV programmes, including classic episodes of their most popular show, Coronation Street) was first retitled 'Plus', and then eventually turned into ITV3 with just minutes' notice to staff in November 2004. Only the male-oriented channel, Men & Motors, which is now fully owned by ITV plc, remains from the now ceased relationship. Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Granada Sky Broadcasting is a wholly-owned subsidary of ITV plc. ... Granada Breeze was a lifestyle channel from Granada Sky Broadcasting. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Granada Plus was a satellite channel run by Granada Sky Broadcasting. ... Coronation Street is an award winning British soap opera. ... ITV3 is an entertainment television channel in the United Kingdom owned by ITV plc. ... November 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December See also: November 2004 in sports November 2004 in science Events Deaths in November • 30 Pierre Berton • 29 John Drew Barrymore • 26 Bill Alley • 24 Arthur Hailey • 23 Rafael Eitan • 18 Bobby Frank Cherry • 16 John... Men & Motors is a mens lifestyle television channel in the UK. It is the last remaining station operated by Granada Sky Broadcasting, a joint venture set up by Granada Television (now part of ITV plc) and British Sky Broadcasting in 1996. ...


Channels

Granada Plus
Main article: Granada Plus

Owned by Granada Sky Broadcasting, a 50-50 joint venture between Granada Television and British Sky Broadcasting, Granada Plus was a general entertainment channel aimed at older audiences and ran from archived material. The channel, initially launched as "Granada Plus", was later known as "G Plus" and finally simply "Plus". It continued to broadcast up until 1 November 2004, when ITV sealed a last-minute deal to buy out BSkyB's stake in GSB, in order to close down the channel and replace it with ITV's new channel, ITV3, taking Plus' low EPG position on Sky Digital. Granada Plus was a satellite channel run by Granada Sky Broadcasting. ... Granada Sky Broadcasting is a wholly-owned subsidary of ITV plc. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... ITV3 is an entertainment television channel in the United Kingdom owned by ITV plc. ... Sky Digital is the brand name for British Sky Broadcastings digital satellite television service, transmitted from SES Astra satellites located at 28. ...


Granada Breeze
Main article: Granada Breeze

Originally "Granada Good Life", and formed out of a series of earlier themed efforts, Granada Breeze was another GSB owned venture. The channel was a lifestyle channel, aimed at female viewers and showed programmes on lifestyle, cookery, health and US daytime television such as Judge Joe Brown. Most of these shows were hosted or presented from a large custom-built conservatory studio right outside the main Coronation Street studio (later used for daytime ITV Play programming). The link was also reinforced by the short-lived appointment of Julie Goodyear, presenting an ill-fated talk show. It closed in March 2002 due to poor viewing figures, and in the face of the many other better-resourced lifestyle channels on Sky, and the coming-of-age of UK daytime television schedules. Granada Breeze was a lifestyle channel from Granada Sky Broadcasting. ... Coronation Street is an award winning British soap opera. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Another channel, Wellbeing (a joint venture with Boots), was modelled on parts of Granada Breeze. It was predominantly broadcast from The Leeds Studios, although Granada made programmes in Manchester for the channel as well. It closed in 2003.


Granada Talk TV
Main article: Granada Talk TV

The last of the original GSB channels, Granada Talk TV focused primarily on chat shows. It closed after less than a year on air. Granada Talk TV was a channel owned and operated by Granada Sky Broadcasting. ...


ITV Digital

From 1997 until 2002 Granada and Carlton invested and lost over £1,000,000,000 over their joint venture into pay-TV digital terrestrial broadcasting, ONdigital, which was rebranded as ITV Digital in the summer of 2001, to the fury of SMG plc, UTV, and Channel Television which attempted to block the renaming on the grounds that it would damage the ITV brand. The competition offered by the new Sky Digital service, launched in 1998, was too great an obstacle for the service to overcome and, inevitably, ITV Digital ceased broadcasting on May 1, 2002. This chapter in Granada's story was single-handedly responsible for sweeping cuts within the organisation, including the cutting back of budgets for their flagship drama serials and productions, the sale of numerous assets and the loss of many staff from the Manchester headquarters. Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Pay television, or pay-TV, usually refers to subscription-based television services, usually provided by both analogue and digital cable and satellite, but also increasingly by digital terrestrial methods. ... Digital Terrestrial Television (DTTV or DTT) is an implementation of digital technology to provide a greater number of channels and/or better quality of picture and sound using aerial broadcasts to a conventional antenna (or aerial) instead of a satellite dish or cable connection. ... ITV Digital used to be the sole British terrestrial digital television broadcaster. ... SMG plc (formerly Scottish Media Group) is a Scottish media company. ... UTV (Ulster Television) is the ITV franchise for Northern Ireland. ... The current Channel TV ident Channel Television (CTV) is a British television station which has served as an Independent Television (ITV), contractor to the Channel Islands since 1962. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


Later in 2002, talks on a proposed merger between Granada and Carlton were broken off after a failure to agree terms.


Rebranding and merger

On October 28, 2002, and in accordance with a network-wide relaunch, Granada Television was rebranded on air to ITV1 Granada. The Granada name is now only seen before regional programmes, the rest of the time the only brand shown is ITV1. Since this rebrand, all continuity announcements have been made from London including regional announcements, as is now the case for all English ITV stations. The Granada logo still appeared at the end of its own programmes until 31 October 2004. October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 64 days remaining. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Towards the end of 2003, Granada plc was given the green light by the UK government to merge with its main ITV partner, Carlton. On February 2, 2004, this merger took place, with the new company being called ITV plc. Subsequently, from 1 November, 2004, Granada Television productions became known as "Granada Manchester". This new company owns all the ITV franchises in England and Wales. is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... Independent Television (generally known as ITV but also as ITV Network or Channel 3) is a public service network of British commercial television broadcasters, set up under the Independent Television Authority (ITA) to provide competition to the BBC. ITV is the oldest commercial television network in the UK. Since 1990...


Following this merger, there are now plans to sell off most of the Quay Street complex in Manchester for re-development, with the remaining staff, studios and offices moving into the large Bonded Warehouse on one side of the site, which, from 1988 to 1999, housed part of the Granada Studios Tour. A full and permanent move to the forthcoming MediaCity:uk in Salford is one of the options still under consideration by ITV, although there is reportedly some reluctance to the idea, as it would mean the (costly) re-location of the permanent outdoor Coronation Street set and Granada apparently originally hoped to develop a media cluster on the Quay Street site. A precedent for a move to a new modern headquarters, however, was set in 2004, when ITV plc moved Meridian out of its studio complex in Northam, Southampton to a new office location near Whiteley, Hampshire, and in 2005, Tyne Tees Television's studios on City Road in Newcastle upon Tyne were sold, as it moved to a new site in Gateshead. Any move away from Quay Street would also spell the end for 3sixtymedia, the ITV Productions/BBC Resources joint venture company, established in 2000 and based at The Manchester Studios. Manchester shown within England Coordinates: , Sovereign state United Kingdom Constituent country England Region North West England Ceremonial county Greater Manchester Admin HQ Manchester City Centre Founded 13th Century City Status 1853 Government  - Type Metropolitan borough, City  - Governing body Manchester City Council Area  - Borough & City 115. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... Granada Studios Tour was an entertainment complex in Castlefield, Manchester operating from 1988 to 1999. ... Coronation Street is an award winning British soap opera. ... Look up meridian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Northam is the name of a number of places around the world: Northam, Devon is a town in Devon, England; Northam, Western Australia is a town and shire in Western Australia. ... Southampton is the largest city[1] on the south coast of England. ... Whiteley is a community in the county of Hampshire, England, near Fareham. ... Hampshire, sometimes historically Southamptonshire or Hamptonshire, (abbr. ... Tyne Tees Television is the ITV television contractor for North East England. ... This article is about a city in the United Kingdom. ... Gateshead is a town in North-East England on the southern bank of the River Tyne, opposite Newcastle upon Tyne, which covers the north bank. ... It has been suggested that Granada (production company) be merged into this article or section. ... BBC Resources provides BBC Studios and Outside Broadcast facilities based in London UK, along with network Post Production facilities in England (ie excluding the other UK Nations of Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales). ...


Notably, the Granada studio complex at Quay Street still, as of 2005, has the original signage that was fitted when it was opened in the mid-1950s, despite the logo change and rebrands that have taken place. Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On September 21, 2005, it was announced by ITV that Granada's name would no longer appear at the end of programmes made for the network, the in-house production arm being renamed 'ITV Productions'. This change came about on January 16, 2006, coinciding with a relaunch of ITV's on-screen graphics. Granada's name and logo continue to be used at the end of programmes made for other networks, such as University Challenge on BBC Two and old programmes shown on Sky One, Two and Three. The credits for Granada Manchester productions (such as Stars In Their Eyes) still carried the copyright line: Copyright, 2006 Granada Television in their end credits, until these started to be dropped at the end of 2006. September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that Granada (production company) be merged into this article or section. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


As of November 2006, ITV Granada lost its visual on-air identity, although announcers still verbally refer to the channel occasionally as ITV1 Granada before regional programming over a generic ITV1 ident.


See also

Granada Productions is one of Europes leading commercial television production and distribution companies. ... Granada Limited (previously called Granada plc, Granada Group plc and Granada Media plc) is a former British media and previously catering conglomerate, best known as the former parent of Granada Television Limited. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bernstein, Sidney (950 words)
It is said he chose the name Granada for his cinema chain, and later for his television company, because its Spanish reference connoted sun-drenched gaiety and flamboyance, the qualities he sought to have associated with his entertainment establishments, which tended in the early days of cinema to be decorated in the Spanish baroque style.
All the same, Granada and Bernstein were quick to overcome their reservations when the resulting Television Act of 1954 signalled the end of the BBC's monopoly and permitted private companies to apply for the first regional commercial franchises.
Already by January 1957, Granada was responsible for all the top ten rated programmes receivable in its region and, in 1962, it became the first station to screen the Beatles to the British television audience.
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Brideshead Revisited was made by Granada television, scripted by John Mortimer and originally shown on ITV in October 1981.
These "white flannel" dramas, both on television and on the big screen, represented a yearning for an England that was no more, or never was.
Granada was committed to capturing the atmosphere of Waugh's original novel and the high production values signaled a desire for authenticity.
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