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Encyclopedia > Granada, Nicaragua

Granada, with an estimated population of about 116,000 (2005), it is Nicaragua's fourth most populous city. It is the oldest city founded by Europeans in Central America and second on the American Continent (after Cumaná in Venezuela, founded in 1515). It is historically one of Nicaragua's most important cities. It is situated on the northwestern shore of Lake Cocibolca and was founded by Francisco Hernandez de Cordoba on December 8, 1524. It has a rich colonial heritage, seen in its architecture and layout. Granada is commonly nicknamed the "Gran Sultana del Gran Lago" - the Great Sultan of the Great Lake. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Granada is a municipality in the Granada department of Nicaragua and the latters capital. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... The Americas is an alternative name in the English language for the continent of America, to distinguish it from the United States of America, which is often just called America. ... Lake Nicaragua or Lake Cocibolca is a fresh-water lake in Nicaragua. ... Events March 1, 1524/5 - Giovanni da Verrazano lands near Cape Fear (approx. ...

Contents

History

Granada, street scene,x about 1905
Granada, street scene,x about 1905

It was named after Spanish Andalucian Granada by Francisco Hernández de Córdoba. This was done in honor of the defeat of the last Moorish stronghold, Spanish Granada, by the Catholic King and Queen of Spain. Granada, Nicaragua was historically the sister capital in Central America to Antigua, Guatemala. During the colonial period Granada maintained a flourishing level of commerce with ports on the Atlantic, through Lake Nicaragua (Cocibolca) and the San Juan River. The city captured a great deal of attention from many pirates which assaulted the city on three occasions.[1] It was also where William Walker, the American filibuster, took up residence and attempted to take control of Central America as a ruling monarch. Walker set the city ablaze before escaping, destroying much of the ancient city and leaving printed the words "Granada Was Here".[2] Granada, Nicaragua, from old stereo card This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... Granada, Nicaragua, from old stereo card This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (born 1475 ? - died 1526) is usually reputed as the founder of Nicaragua, and in fact he founded two important Nicaraguan cities, Granada and León. ... For the terrain type see Moor Moors is used in this article to describe the medieval Muslim inhabitants of al-Andalus and the Maghreb, whose culture is often called Moorish. For other meanings look at Moors (Meaning) or Blackamoors. ... Seaport, a painting by Claude Lorrain, 1638 The Port of Wellington at night. ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ... Lake Nicaragua (Spanish: Lago de Nicaragua) or Lake Cocibolca (Lago Cocibolca) is a freshwater lake in Nicaragua and it is of tectonic origin. ... The San Juan River is a 180 kilometer river located in Nicaragua which connects the Caribbean with Lake Nicaragua. ... William Walker William Walker (May 8, 1824 – September 12, 1860) was a U.S. physician, lawyer, journalist, adventurer, and soldier of fortune who attempted to conquer several Latin American countries in the mid-19th century. ... As a form of obstructionism in a legislature or other decision making body, a filibuster is an attempt to extend debate upon a proposal in order to delay or completely prevent a vote on its passage. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ...

The newly painted Cathedral of Granada

For many years Granada disputed with Léon its hegemony as the major city of Nicaragua. The city of Granada was favored by the Conservatives, while Léon was favored by the Liberals. For many years there was conflict that at times became quite violent between the cities families and political factions. In the mid 1800s a compromise site was agreed on and the capital was finally established in between both cities at Managua. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... León is a city in Nicaragua, Central America, located at 12. ... This article deals with conservatism as a political philosophy. ... In politics, the term liberal refers to: an adherent of the ideology of liberalism or a state or quality of this ideology. ... // ON MAY 5 1853 MR.FADER HAD SEX WITH A MAN NAME MR WIEN THEN THEY HAD SON NAMEDMRS COTURE AND MR MANOOGIAN WENT INTO MRS HASKELLS OFFICE NAKED AND DANCED AROUND AND MASTERBATED ON HER CHEST AND SHE LICKED IT OFF THEN THEY HAD ORAL SEEX WITH NAPLOEAN OF... Coordinates: Country Nicaragua Department Managua Municipality Managua Founded 1819 Seat of the Government 1852 Capital of the Nation 1857  - Mayor Dionisio Marenco Area    - City 544 km²  - Urban 173. ...


The city has been witness and victim to many the battles and invasions from English, French and Dutch pirates trying to take control of Nicaragua. For the most part Granada avoided damage during the years of conflict which existed in Nicaragua in the 1980s. Granada has shown to be a city of character and strength, surviving many of the adversities which it suffered. Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the Queen England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 967 AD  Area  -  Total 130,395 km²  50,346 sq mi  Population  -  2007 estimate 50... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ...


Geography & Ecology

The coast of Lake Nicaragua in Granada
The coast of Lake Nicaragua in Granada

Granada is located along the coast of the Lake Cocibolca, the world's twentieth largest lake, and the only freshwater lake to have sharks living in its waters. Granada is the capital city of the Department of Granada, which boarders Boaco and Managua to the north, Masaya and Carazo to the east and Rivas to the south. Within the same department, the River Tipitapa which connects the Lake of Managua and Nicaragua passes through it in the north. It also has three volcanic lagoons; Manares, Genirzaro, and the famous Apoyo. Apoyo, which is shared with the Department of Masaya, is the largest volcanic lagoon in Nicaragua. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Lake Nicaragua or Lake Cocibolca is a fresh-water lake in Nicaragua. ... Coordinates: Country Nicaragua Department Managua Municipality Managua Founded 1819 Seat of the Government 1852 Capital of the Nation 1857  - Mayor Dionisio Marenco Area    - City 544 km²  - Urban 173. ...

View of Volcan Mombacho from the Isletas de Granada and Lake Nicaragua
View of Volcan Mombacho from the Isletas de Granada and Lake Nicaragua

Granada is a very warm city year round, with very similar temperatures to Managua. This is due to similarities in geography with its close proximity to a lake and surronded by high hills. Rain in Granada is approximately between 1,100-2,100mm annually. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 361 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 361 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation...


The vegetation around Granada is a reflection of its climatology. Dry forests and also humid forests skirt the Mombacho volcano. The volcano is also home to a wide array of fauna. (See Wildlife of Nicaragua) The lake is also home to many creatures, both marine and freshwater creatures. It is the only fresh water lake in the world where sharks live (Nicaragua shark & Sawfish). Fishing in the lake is quite good and fisherman both commercial and recreational regularly catch guapote and mojarras, as well as sardines. Nicaragua has recently banned freshwater fishing of the Nicaragua shark and sawfish because of population declines.[3] Mombacho is a volcano in Nicaragua, near the city of Granada. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life of any particular region or time. ... Nicaragua has a wide variety of wildlife, most of which live in wildlife reserves and live in rainforests, lakes, mountains, and volcanoes throughout the country. ... Binomial name Carcharhinus leucas (Müller and Henle, 1839) Range of bull shark The bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas, also known as the bull whaler, Zambezi River shark or colloquially Zambi, is common worldwide in warm, shallow waters along coasts, and well-known for its unpredictable, often aggressive behavior. ... See: Sawfish is a window manager for Unix systems running X. Sawfish is a type of cartilaginous fish. ... Binomial name Carcharhinus leucas (Müller and Henle, 1839) Range of bull shark The bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas, also known as the bull whaler, Zambezi River shark or colloquially Zambi, is common worldwide in warm, shallow waters along coasts, and well-known for its unpredictable, often aggressive behavior. ... See: Sawfish is a window manager for Unix systems running X. Sawfish is a type of cartilaginous fish. ...

View from the Volcan Mombacho; this volcano blew its cone into the lake forming an archipelago of 365 islands
View from the Volcan Mombacho; this volcano blew its cone into the lake forming an archipelago of 365 islands

Other important cities and towns within the Granada district include Malacatoya, El Paso, El Guayabo, Diria, Macatepe, El Guanacaste, Nandaime and Diriomo, known nationally as the last city of witches. Mombacho volcano is the highest point (1,345m) within Granada; the now dormant volcano blew most of its cone into the lake forming the 365 'Isletas de Granada', from where the volcano provides an amazing view. It is also possible on a clear day to see Ometepe and Zapatera Islands. This latter island is the second largest island in Lake Nicaragua and it too is an inactive volcano. It is a nationally treasure, known for being the home of pre-Colombian statues and idols which were found on the island during the Spanish conquest, these are now exhibited in the Convento San Francisco Museum. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 121 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 121 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Mombacho is a volcano in Nicaragua, near the city of Granada. ... Ometepe Island from space, January 1997 Concepción and Maderas The Island of Ometepe was formed by two volcanoes rising from Lake Nicaragua in the Republic of Nicaragua. ... Zapatera is a shield volcano located in the southern part of Nicaragua. ... Lake Nicaragua (Spanish: Lago de Nicaragua) or Lake Cocibolca (Lago Cocibolca) is a freshwater lake in Nicaragua and it is of tectonic origin. ... The term Pre-Columbian is used to refer to the cultures of the New World in the era before significant European influence. ... Spanish colonization of the Americas began with the arrival in the Americas of Christopher Columbus in 1492. ...


Granada has many beaches on Lake Nicaragua, and are very popular around Semana Santa (Holy week). Holy Week (Sp. ...


Economy and tourism

See also: Tourism in Nicaragua
La Gran Francia is one of Granada's fancy new hotels in refurbished colonial buildings
La Gran Francia is one of Granada's fancy new hotels in refurbished colonial buildings

Granada's economy continues to grow as its tourism industry grows rapidly. Granada remains Nicaragua's third largest city, and is known for preserving some fine colonial-era architecture. A mini real estate boom is underway, with many European and Americans are purchasing and renovating the area's homes for retirement or holiday homes. There are several foreign realtors established. Granada has long been a center of commerce, including timber, gold and silver. Bahia Majagual in the Department of Rivas Tourism in Nicaragua has boomed in the last 12 years making it the second largest industry in the nation. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 460 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 651 pixel, file size: 88 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 460 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 651 pixel, file size: 88 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Tourists on Oahu, Hawaii Tourism is travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes or the provision of services to support this leisure travel. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction or wood... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... General Name, Symbol, Number silver, Ag, 47 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 5, d Appearance lustrous white metal Standard atomic weight 107. ...

Granada's largest and most exclusive hotel, located in the centre of Granada
Granada's largest and most exclusive hotel, located in the centre of Granada

Today, however there is an ever growing effervescence of tourism growing in Granada. It is now a centre of tourism in Nicaragua. Museums have opened and there are plenty of tour operators. Hotels and "paradores" are abundant in Granada and are continually opening. Restaurants have been growing in numbers and so too have many bars and nightclubs, which are very popular among Granadas residents and tourists alike. Granada, though now highly dependent on tourism, also has fertile agricultural lands within the municipality. Major production of organic coffee and cacao, cattle, plantain and bananas occurs within its boundaries. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A cup of coffee Workers sorting and pulping coffee beans in Guatemala Coffee is a widely consumed beverage prepared from the roasted seeds — commonly referred to as beans — of the coffee plant. ... Binomial name Theobroma cacao L. Cacao (Theobroma cacao) is a small (4–8 m tall) evergreen tree in the family Sterculiaceae (alternatively Malvaceae), native to tropical Mexico, but now cultivated throughout the tropics. ... Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle (often called cows in vernacular and contemporary usage, or kye as the Scots plural of cou) are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... Species Musa × paradisiaca A big load of plantains in Masaya, Nicaragua Cooking plantains (pronounced plan-TENZ or plan-TAINZ) are a kind of plantains that are generally used for cooking, as contrasted with the soft, sweet banana varieties (which are sometimes called dessert bananas). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Culture

See also: Culture of Nicaragua
Iglesia de Guadalupe situated in front of the shores of Lake Nicaragua
Iglesia de Guadalupe situated in front of the shores of Lake Nicaragua

Granada is like most of the Nicaraguan Pacific; primarily populated by a Spanish-speaking majority of Mestizos followed by whites. There are also people from the USA, Canada, Spain, Germany, Italy, Austria, the Netherlands, and France residing in Granada. This is primarily due to Granada's booming tourist economy. Recently, the number of foreigners seeking colonial homes for purchase has brought a growing number of Europeans and Americans to Granada. Real estate prices are comparatively low although increasing regularly. This influx of foreigners is influencing culture and commerce in Granada. Nicaraguan culture has several distinct strands. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Languages Predominantly Spanish, (with a minority of other languages), while Mestiços speaks Portuguese Religions Christianity (Predominantly Roman Catholic, with a minority of Protestant and other religions) Related ethnic groups Other Spanish people, Portuguese people, Amerindian, African people, Austronesian people, Hispanics and Latinos Mestizo (Portuguese, Mestiço; French, Métis... A white rose. ...

Some of the many streets in Granada, which depict the colonial architecture of the city
Some of the many streets in Granada, which depict the colonial architecture of the city
View Granada Town Square
View Granada Town Square

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Pict0046. ... Image File history File links Pict0046. ...

Infrastructure

Most of Granada's streets are quite narrow due to the city's layout before the advent of motorized vehicles. Due to this, many streets are one-way which can add a challenge to visitors traveling by car. After many years of neglect, primarily due to the economic collapse of the nation in the 1980s, most of Granada's buildings and infrastructure began to deteriorate. Roads and public utilities were severely un-maintained. Gradually, more investment has been directed in re-establishing much of Granada's infrastructure and public utilities. Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... A public utility is a company that maintains the infrastructure for a public service. ...


The city government has directed fund towards recognition and restoration of many of Granada's historic structures. The Spanish government has provided financial cooperation for the refurbishment of the city, one of the projects which currently are transforming Calle La Calzada into Peatonal (foot traffic only) Street.[4] Categories: Buildings and structures stubs ...


References

  1. ^ granadanicaragua.net History
  2. ^ Festival En Granada, Nicaragua
  3. ^ Nicaragua bans freshwater shark fishing amid dwindling population numbers
  4. ^ elnuediario.com.ni Project for 'Calle La Calzada'

External links

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Granada - Nicaragua’s grandest city (2136 words)
Granada is a place where you can settle in...on one of the long, breezy porches running along the main square.
Granada by horse-drawn carriage One evening in Granada we asked one of the carriage drivers to give us a tour of the city.
Dona Conchi moved to Granada with Enriqueta (the woman from the Restaurante Mediterraneo) and Enriqueta’s daughter in the early 1990s.
Granada, Nicaragua - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1335 words)
Granada was named after Granada in Spain by Fernando Hernandez de Cordoba, in honour of the defeat by the Catholic King and Queen of Spain of the Moorish city of the same name in Andalucia, which was the last stronghold of the Moors in southern Spain.
Granada is known to be one of the most beautiful cities of Latin America for its rich colonial heritage, seen in its buildings, which are being restored on a consistent basis as the city's economy grows.
Granada is the capital city of the Department of Granada, which boarders Boaco and Managua to the north, Masaya and Carazo to the east and Rivas to the south.
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