FACTOID # 16: In the 2000 Presidential Election, Texas gave Ralph Nader the 3rd highest popular vote count of any US state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Granada" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Granada
Granada
La Alhambra from Mirador San Nicolás
Coat of arms of Granada
Flag Coat of Arms
Location
Coordinates : 37°10′41″N 003°36′03″W / 37.17806, -3.60083Coordinates: 37°10′41″N 003°36′03″W / 37.17806, -3.60083
Time zone : CET (GMT +1)
- summer : CEST (GMT +2)
General information
Native name Granada (Spanish)
Spanish name Granada
Postal code 18000
Website www.granada.org
Administration
Country Spain
Autonomous Community Andalusia
Province Granada
Comarca Vega de Granada
Mayor José Torres Hurtado (PP)
Geography
Land Area 88 km²
Altitude 666 m AMSL
Population
Population 237,929 (2007)
Density 2,703 hab./km² (2007)

Granada - Arabic: غرناطةGreek: Ἐλιβύργη (Steph. Byz.) - Elibyrge; Latin: Illiberis (Ptol. ii. 4. § 11) or Illiberi Liberini (Pliny iii. 1. s. 3); – is a city and the capital of the province of Granada, in the autonomous region of Andalusia, Spain. It is situated at the foot of the Sierra Nevada mountains, at the confluence of two rivers, Darro and Genil, at an elevation of 738 metres above sea level. At the 2005 census, the population of the city of Granada proper was 236,982, and the population of the entire urban area was estimated to be 472,638, ranking as the 13th-largest urban area of the Spanish Kingdom. About 3.3% of the population did not hold Spanish citizenship, the largest number of these (31%) coming from South America. Grenada and Granada are commonly misspelled and either can have multiple referents. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 240 pixelsFull resolution (2002 × 600 pixel, file size: 241 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) La Alhambra from Mirador San Nicolás, 12 June 2005. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Granada ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... GMT redirects here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... Postcodes are generally clearly visible outside Australia Post offices. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... The term Administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... Spains fifty provinces (provincias) are grouped into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades aut nomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades aut nomas) (Ceuta and Melilla). ... For other uses, see Andalusia (disambiguation). ... In addition to its seventeen autonomous communities, Spain is divided into fifty provinces. ... Granada province Granada is a province of southern Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. ... This is a list of the comarques (singular comarca) of Catalonia. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Peoples Party, Popular Party, or Populist Party, is any of several political parties claiming to speak for the people; see Populism. ... Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... For other uses, see Density (disambiguation). ... Arabic redirects here. ... Stephanus Byzantinus (Stephanus of Byzantium), the author of a geographical dictionary entitled Εθνικα (Ethnica), of which, apart from some fragments, we possess only the meagre epitome of one Hermolaus. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... This article is about the geographer, mathematician and astronomer Ptolemy. ... Pliny the Elder: an imaginative 19th Century portrait. ... Granada province Granada is a province of southern Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. ... Autonomous communities of Spain. ... For other uses, see Andalusia (disambiguation). ... Situation of Sierra Nevada in the Iberian Peninsula. ... River Darro is a river in the Spanish city Granada. ... The Genil as seen from Granada The Genil is the main tributary of the Guadalquivir River in Andalusia. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


The Alhambra, a Moorish citadel and palace, is in Granada. It is one of the most famous items of the Muslim, Jewish, and Christian historical legacy that makes Granada a hot spot among cultural and tourist cities in Spain. The Almohad urbanism with some fine examples of Moorish and Morisco constructions is preserved at the part of the city called the Albaicin. The Alhambra (Arabic: الحمراء = Al-Ħamrā; literally the red) is a palace and fortress complex of the Moorish monarchs of Granada, in southern Spain (known as Al-Andalus when the fortress was constructed), occupying a hilly terrace on the south-eastern border of the city of Granada. ... For other uses, see moor. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... The Almohad Dynasty (From Arabic الموحدون al-Muwahhidun, i. ... Morisco (Spanish Moor-like) or mourisco (Portuguese) is a term referring to a kind of New Christian in Spain and Portugal. ... Albayzín district in Granada, Spain. ...


Granada is also well-known within Spain due to the prestigious University of Granada and, nowadays, wild night-life. In fact, it is said that it is one of the three best cities for college students (the other two are Salamanca and Santiago de Compostela).[citation needed] The University of Granada is a university at Granada, Spain, first founded by the Moors in 1349 and then officially founded in 1531 by the Emperor Carlos V, with support of Pope Clemente VII. The University is home to foreign students from around the world at the Universitys Modern... Salamanca (population 160,000) is a city in western Spain, the capital of the province of Salamanca, which belongs to the autonomous community (region) of Castile-Leon (Castilla y León). ... Location Location of Santiago de Compostela Coordinates : , Time Zone : (GMT+01) Western Europe / Paris Standard Time - summer: (GMT+02) Western Europe / Paris Daylight Saving Time General information Native name Santiago de Compostela (Galician) Spanish name Santiago de Compostela Postal code 15700 Website http://www. ...


The pomegranate (in Spanish, granada) is the heraldic device of Granada. Binomial name L. For the color see: Pomegranate (color) The Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 5–8 m tall. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ...

Contents

History

View of Granada from the Alhambra
View of Granada from the Alhambra

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 777 KB) A view of Granada from the Alhambra I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 777 KB) A view of Granada from the Alhambra I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Pre-Nasrid

The city has been inhabited from the dawn of history. There was an Ibero-Celtic settlement here, which made contact in turn with Phoenicians, Carthagenians and Greeks. By the 5th century BCE, the Greeks had established a colony which they named Elibyrge or Elybirge (Greek: Ἐλιβύργη). Under Roman rule, in the early centuries CE, this name had become "Illiberis". As Illiberis, the city minted its own coins. The Visigoths maintained the importance of the city as a centre of both ecclesiastical and civil administration and also established it as a military stronghold. Main language areas in Iberia circa 200 BC. The Celtiberians (or Celt-Iberians)[1] were a Celtic people of late La Tène culture living in the Iberian Peninsula, chiefly in what is now north central Spain and northern Portugal, before and during the Roman Empire. ... Phoenicia (or Phenicia ,[1] from Biblical Phenice [1]) was an ancient civilization centered in the north of ancient Canaan, with its heartland along the coast of modern day Lebanon and Syria. ... Roman Carthage with former military harbor Carthage (Greek: , Latin: , from the Phoenician meaning new town; Arabic: ) refers both to an ancient city in Tunisia and to the civilization that developed within the citys sphere of influence. ... The 5th century BC started the first day of 500 BC and ended the last day of 401 BC. // The Parthenon of Athens seen from the hill of the Pnyx to the west. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Migrations The Visigoths (Western Goths) were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe (the Ostrogoths being the other). ...

Side Courtyard entrance to the Royal Chapel

A Jewish community established itself in what was effectively a suburb of the city, called "Gárnata" or "Gárnata al-yahud" (Granada of the Jews). It was with the help of this community that Moorish forces under Tariq ibn-Ziyad first took the city in 711, though it was not fully secured until 713. They referred to it under the Iberian name "Ilbira", the remaining Christian community calling this "Elvira", and it became the capital of a province of the Caliphate of Cordoba. Civil conflicts that wracked the Caliphate in the early eleventh century led to the destruction of the city in 1010. In the subsequent reconstruction, the suburb of Gárnata was incorporated in the city, and the modern name in fact derives from this. With the arrival of the Zirid dynasty in 1013, Granada became an independent sultanate. By the end of the eleventh century, the city had spread across the Darro to reach what is now the site of the Alhambra. Granada, Cathedral, side entrance courtyard. ... Granada, Cathedral, side entrance courtyard. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... Tariq ibn Ziyad or Taric ben Zeyad (d. ... See also: phone number 711. ... Events Byzantine Emperor Philippicus deposed. ... The interior of the Great Mosque in Cordoba, now a Christian cathedral. ... Events The Ly Dynasty in Vietnam is established (or 1009). ... The Zirids were a Berber dynasty, originating in Petite Kabylie among the Kutama tribe, that ruled Ifriqiya (roughly, modern Tunisia), initially on behalf of the Fatimids, for about two centuries, until weakened by the Banu Hilal and finally destroyed by the Almohads. ... Events Danish invasion of England under king Sweyn I. King Ethelred flees to Normandy, and Sweyn becomes king of England. ...


Nasrid Kingdom of Granada

Main article: Nasrid dynasty
Alhambra, Court of the Lions built by the Nasrid sultans

In 1228, with the departure of the Almohad prince, Idris, who left Iberia to take the Almohad leadership, the ambitious Ibn al-Ahmar established the longest lasting Muslim dynasty on the Iberian peninsula - the Nasrids. With the Reconquista in full swing after the conquest of Cordoba in 1236, the Nasrids aligned themselves with Ferdinand III of Castile, officially becoming a tributary state in 1238. The state officially became the Kingdom of Granada in 1238. The Nasrid sultans and kings were responsible for building most of the palaces in the Alhambra. The taifa became a vassal state of the Christian kingdom of Castile for the next 250 years. The Nasrid sultans and kings paid tribute to the Christian kings and cooperated with them in the battle against rebellious Muslims under Castilian rule. The Nasrid dynasty was the last Muslim dynasty in Spain, founded by Mohammed ben Nasar. ... Granada, Lion Courtyard in the Alhambra, pic by User:Infrogmation 1999. ... Granada, Lion Courtyard in the Alhambra, pic by User:Infrogmation 1999. ... The Alhambra (Arabic: الحمراء = Al-Ħamrā; literally the red) is a palace and fortress complex of the Moorish monarchs of Granada, in southern Spain (known as Al-Andalus when the fortress was constructed), occupying a hilly terrace on the south-eastern border of the city of Granada. ... General view of the court The Court of the Lions (Spanish: - Arabic: ‎) is the main court of the Nasrid Palace of the Lions. ... Combatants Asturias Castile Galicia Portugal León Aragon Navarre Umayyad Caliphate Caliphate of Cordoba Almoravids For other senses of this word, see Reconquista (disambiguation). ... United arms of Castile and León which Ferdinand first used. ... The Alhambra (Arabic: الحمراء = Al-Ħamrā; literally the red) is a palace and fortress complex of the Moorish monarchs of Granada, in southern Spain (known as Al-Andalus when the fortress was constructed), occupying a hilly terrace on the south-eastern border of the city of Granada. ... The Spanish and Portuguese term taifa (from Arabic: taifa, plural طوائف tawaif) in the history of Iberia refers to an independent Muslim-ruled principality, an emirate or petty kingdom, of which a number formed in the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia) after the final collapse of the Umayyad Caliphate of...


Initially the kingdom of Granada linked the commercial routes from Europe with those of the Maghreb. The territory constantly shrank, however, and by 1492, Granada controlled only a small territory on the Mediterranean coast. Arabic was the official language, and was the mother tongue of the majority of the population. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Also film, 1492: Conquest of Paradise. ... Arabic redirects here. ...


Granada was held as a vassal to Castile for many decades, and provided trade links with the Muslim world, particularly the gold trade with the sub-saharan areas south of Africa. The Nasrids also provided troops for Castile while the kingdom was also a source of mercenary fighters from North Africa. However, Portugal discovered direct African trade routes by sailing around the coast of West Africa. Thus Granada became less and less important for Castile and with the unification of Castile and Aragon in 1479, those kingdoms set their sights on conquering Granada and Navarre. A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...


On January 2, 1492, the last Muslim leader, Muhammad XII, known as Boabdil to the Spanish, surrendered complete control of Granada, to Ferdinand and Isabella, Los Reyes Católicos ("The Catholic Monarchs"), after the city was besieged. is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also film, 1492: Conquest of Paradise. ... The Capitulation of Granada by F. Padilla: Boabdil confronts Ferdinand and Isabella Boabdil (a corruption of the name Abu Abdullah) called el Chico, the little, and also ci Zogoybi, the unfortunate, was the last Moorish ruler of the taifa of Granada. ... Ferdinand II of Aragon (Fernando de Aragón in Spanish and Ferran dAragó in Catalan), nicknamed the Catholic (March 10, 1452 – June 23, 1516) was king of Aragon, Castile, Sicily, Naples and Navarre and Count of Barcelona. ... Isabella of Castile (Spanish: Ysabel, Isabel or Isabela) (22 April 1451 - 26 November 1504) was queen of Castile. ... Madonna of the Catholic Monarchs, painted ca 1490–95; Ferdinand and the infante Juan are at the Madonnas right hand (with the Inquisitor), Isabella at the left The Catholic Monarchs (Spanish: Reyes Católicos) is the collective title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King...


See Nasrid dynasty for a full list of the Nasrid rulers of Granada. The most prominent members of the dynasty were: The Nasrid dynasty was the last Muslim dynasty in Spain, founded by Mohammed ben Nasar. ...

Mohammed ibn Alhamar (also ibn Nasr) was a Nasrid ruler of Granada in Iberia and founder of the last Muslim dynasty in Spain in 1238. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Events Births January 4 - Amadeus VI of Savoy, Count of Savoy (died 1383) January 13 - King Henry II of Castile (died 1379) May 25 - Emperor Suko of Japan, third of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders (died 1398) August 30 - King Peter I of Castile (died 1369) James I of Cyprus (died... Events End of reign of John VI Cantacuzenus, as Byzantine emperor. ... Muhammed V was a Nasrid ruler of the Kingdom of Granada in the South-East of the Iberian Peninsula. ... Events End of reign of John VI Cantacuzenus, as Byzantine emperor. ... July 18 - Battle of the Kondurcha River - Timur defeats Tokhtamysh in the Volga. ... The Capitulation of Granada by F. Padilla: Boabdil confronts Ferdinand and Isabella Boabdil (a corruption of the name Abu Abdullah) called el Chico, the little, and also ci Zogoybi, the unfortunate, was the last Moorish ruler of the taifa of Granada. ... Also film, 1492: Conquest of Paradise. ... Ferdinand II of Aragon (Fernando de Aragón in Spanish and Ferran dAragó in Catalan), nicknamed the Catholic (March 10, 1452 – June 23, 1516) was king of Aragon, Castile, Sicily, Naples and Navarre and Count of Barcelona. ... Isabella (18 July 1501–19 January 1526), Archduchess of Austria by birth and Queen of Denmark by marriage, was the daughter of Philip I and Joanna of Castile and the sister of Emperor Charles V. She was born at Brussels. ... Tlemcen (Arabic: تلمسان), sometimes spelled Tlemsen, is a town in Northwestern Algeria, and the seat of government for the wilaya of the same name. ...

Granada after 1492

The capture of Muslim Granada by the forces of Ferdinand and Isabel is one of the more significant events in Granada's history. The terms of the surrender treaty explicitly allowed the city's Muslim inhabitants to continue unmolested in their faith and customs. By 1499, however, Cardinal Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros grew frustrated with the slow conversion efforts of Granada's first archbishop, Fernando de Talavera, and undertook a program of forced baptisms. Cisneros's new tactics, which were a direct violation of the terms of the treaty, provoked an armed revolt centered in the Alpujarras, a rural region to the southwest of the city. In response to the rebellion, in 1501 the Castilian Crown rescinded the surrender treaty, demanding that Granada's Muslims convert or emigrate. While many elites chose to emigrate to North Africa, the majority of the city's Muslims converted to Christianity, becoming Moriscos, Catholics of Muslim descent. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 539 pixel Image in higher resolution (1746 × 1177 pixel, file size: 536 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Detail from the Court of the Lions, Alhambra. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 539 pixel Image in higher resolution (1746 × 1177 pixel, file size: 536 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Detail from the Court of the Lions, Alhambra. ... General view of the court The Court of the Lions (Spanish: - Arabic: ‎) is the main court of the Nasrid Palace of the Lions. ... The Alhambra (Arabic: الحمراء = Al-Ħamrā; literally the red) is a palace and fortress complex of the Moorish monarchs of Granada, in southern Spain (known as Al-Andalus when the fortress was constructed), occupying a hilly terrace on the south-eastern border of the city of Granada. ... La Alpujarra (sometimes Las Alpujarras) is a mountainous district in Southern Spain, which stretches south from the Sierra Nevada mountains near Granada in the autonomous region of Andalusia. ...


Over the course of the sixteenth century, Granada took on an ever more Christian and Castilian character, as immigrants flocked to the city from other parts of the Iberian Peninsula. The city's mosques, some of which had been established on the sites of former Christian churches, were converted to Christian uses. New structures, such as cathedral and the Chancillería, or Royal Court of Appeals, helped transform the urban landscape, and in the wake of the 1492 Alhambra decree that expelled Spain's Jewish population, Granada's Jewish neighborhood was demolished to make way for new Christian and Castilian institutions. The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ...


The fall of Granada holds an important place among the many significant events that mark the latter half of the 15th century. It ended the eight hundred year-long Islamic presence in the Iberian Peninsula. Freed from conflicts with the Muslims, a united Spain advanced to first rank among the nations of Europe, and embarked onto its greatest phase of expansion around the globe leading to the 'discovery' of the Americas by Isabella's prodigy Christopher Columbus and followed by what was to become the Spanish Empire, one of the largest empires of the world for the coming centuries. (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World, consisting of the continents of North America[1] and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... Isabella of Castile (Spanish: Ysabel, Isabel or Isabela) (22 April 1451 - 26 November 1504) was queen of Castile. ... Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator and colonialist who is one of the first Europeans to discover the Americas, after the Vikings. ... An anachronous map of the Spanish Empire (1492-1898). ...


Architecture

El Albayzín
El Albayzín

There are many important Moorish and Catholic architectural sites in Granada: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1229x922, 492 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Granada Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1229x922, 492 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Granada Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create...

  • The Alhambra and Generalife
  • The Palace of Charles V
  • Granada's Cathedral
  • Capilla Real. Royal Chapel, with the tombs of Isabella and Ferdinand, the Catholic Kings
  • El Albayzín, or Albaicín: The ancient Arab quarter, containing many original houses from the 16th century
  • The Charterhouse: One of the most impressive pieces of ornamental Baroque in Spain
  • Calle Calderería: An Albayzin street where you can taste Arab typical food, especially teas and desserts from North Africa
  • El Cármen de los Mártires: A lovely palace with a beautiful botanic garden near the Alhambra
  • Santa Ana Church: 16th century, Mudejar Style
  • San Salvador Church: 16th century, Mudejar Style. With Moorish Almohad patio from the former mosque
  • El Corral del Carbón: Deposit of merchandise and shelter of merchants. Adapted after 16th century for theater plays
  • Hospital Real: Founded in 1504 by the Reyes Católicos, now part of the University
  • Santo Domingo Church: Founded in 1512 by the Reyes Católicos
  • San José Church: On the site of the "moans" Almorabitín, the mosque of the morabites, one of oldest in Granada, dating from the 10th century
Cathedral of Granada
Cathedral of Granada
  • Sacromonte Abbey: Founded in the 17th century. Legend says that the catacombs under the church were the site of the martyrdom of San Cecilio, the city's first bishop and now its patron saint
  • Old University: Now the School of Law, it retains its original 17th century facade
  • Bermejas Towers: Strongpoints on the encircling wall of the Alhambra, they date from the 8th and 9th centuries
  • Basilica San Juan de Dios: Basilica where the rest of this saint rest. Sample of Granada's baroque
  • The Gate of Elvira: The principal Gate to the old city Part of the Moorish wall
  • Casa de los Tiros, 16th century. With a complex iconographic program of sculputure and painting about Spanish history and full of cryptograms, it was the palace of Gil Vázquez-Rengifo, who helped the Catholic Kings in the fight for the city. Nowadays it is a museum where visitors can follow the history of Granada from the Middle Age to the present day
  • The 16th century Castril palace which hosts the Archaeological Museum of Granada

Although many Muslim buildings were destroyed by the Christian era in Granada those that are remaining make the most complete group of Moorish housing architecture in Europe. Palaces like Dar al Horra, or Alcazar Genil, or houses like the house of the Horno de Oro, the house of Chapiz, or the house of Abén Humeya, are only some of the most famous. Public Baths like El Bañuelo or Alhambra Baths, and the complex of Arab public fountains and wells (aljibes), are unique in Europe. The Nasrid infrastructure net that feeds them (acequias) still functions in its majority: The Royal Acequia and the Cadí Acequia are some of them. The Alhambra (Arabic: الحمراء = Al-Ħamrā; literally the red) is a palace and fortress complex of the Moorish monarchs of Granada, in southern Spain (known as Al-Andalus when the fortress was constructed), occupying a hilly terrace on the south-eastern border of the city of Granada. ... The Generalife viewed from the Alhambra The Generalife was a villa with gardens used by the Muslim kings of Granada as a place of retreat. ... The Palace of Charles V: exterior view The Palace of Charles V, in Granada, Spain, is a Renacentist construction, located on the top of the hill of the Assabica, inside the Nasrid fortification of the Alhambra. ... Tower of Granada Cathedral Inner view Granada Cathedral (Cathedral of the Annunciation) is a cathedral in Granada, in the Autonomous Region of Andalusia, Spain, designed at the peak of the Spanish Renaissance. ... The Catholic monarchs (Spanish: Reyes Católicos) is the collective title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon. ... Albayzín district in Granada, Spain. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Dome of the tabernacle of Granada Charterhouse. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... Teruel: Tower of the Cathedral, one of ten Mudéjar monuments of Aragón that comprise the World Heritage Site The Courtyard of the Dolls in the Alcázar of Seville Tower of the Santa maría church in Calatayud Las Ventas, Madrids Neo-Mudéjar bullfighting ring Mud... Teruel: Tower of the Cathedral, one of ten Mudéjar monuments of Aragón that comprise the World Heritage Site The Courtyard of the Dolls in the Alcázar of Seville Tower of the Santa maría church in Calatayud Las Ventas, Madrids Neo-Mudéjar bullfighting ring Mud... The Almohad Dynasty (From Arabic الموحدون al-Muwahhidun, i. ... Ferdinand on the left with Isabella on the right Coffins of the Catholic Monarchs at the Granada Cathedral The Catholic Monarchs (Spanish: los Reyes Católicos) is the collective title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (769x1024, 183 KB) Author: Hans Lohninger Description: Cathedral of Granada Reference: http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (769x1024, 183 KB) Author: Hans Lohninger Description: Cathedral of Granada Reference: http://www. ... Sacromonte Abbey in Granada was founded in 1600. ... Portal of the Castril Palace The Castril palace (also House of Castril) is a Renaissance style palace located in the Spanish city of Granada. ... The Archaeological Museum of Granada is an archaeological museum in the Albayzín district, Granada, Spain. ... Cable tool water well drilling rig in Kimball, West Virginia. ...


Districts of Granada

View of the city from Alhambra
View of the city from Alhambra

The city of Granada is divided into different districts, with their own specifics. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 687 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1100 × 960 pixels, file size: 419 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Granada, Spain - cathedral (view from Alhambra) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 687 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1100 × 960 pixels, file size: 419 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Granada, Spain - cathedral (view from Alhambra) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...


The Realejo

Realejo was the Jewish district at the time of the Nasride Granada. The integration of the Jewish people was so important, that Granada was known from the Al-Andalûs Country under the name of Granada of los judios (in Arabic, Garnata Al Yahood). It is today a district made up of many Andalusian villas, with gardens opening onto the streets, called Los Carmenes.


The Cartuja

This district contains the Carthusian monastery of the same name: Cartuja. This is an old monastery started in a late Gothic style with Baroque exuberant interior decorations. In this district also, many buildings were created with the extension of the University of Granada. The University of Granada is a university at Granada, Spain, first founded by the Moors in 1349 and then officially founded in 1531 by the Emperor Carlos V, with support of Pope Clemente VII. The University is home to foreign students from around the world at the Universitys Modern...


Bib-Rambla

The toponym existed at the time of the Arabs. Nowadays, Bib-Rambla is a high point for gastronomy, especially in its terraces of restaurants, open on beautiful days. The Arab bazaar (Alcaicería) is made up of several narrow streets, which start from this place and continue as far as the cathedral.


The Sacromonte

Main article: Sacromonte

Sacromonte is located on the extension of the hill of Albaycin, up the river of Darro. There are many caves dug into the rock, painted in white. The gypsies, people driven out of all parts of Europe, settled here starting in medieval times. Here they developed, Zambra Gitana, Andalusian dance originating in the Middle East, and which became flamenco. This zone is a protected cultural environment, under the auspices of the Centro de interpretación del Sacromonte. Sacromonte Abbey in Granada was founded in 1600. ...


The Albaicín

Albaicín, a hill located on right bank of the river Darro, transports the visitor to a unique world: the site of the ancient city of Elvira, so-called before the Zirid Moors renamed it Granada. It housed the artists who went up to build the palaces of Alhambra on the hill facing it. Time allowed its embellishment. The Zirids were a Berber dynasty, originating in Petite Kabylie among the Kutama tribe, that ruled Ifriqiya (roughly, modern Tunisia), initially on behalf of the Fatimids, for about two centuries, until weakened by the Banu Hilal and finally destroyed by the Almohads. ... For other uses, see moor. ...


Parks and garden of Granada

Granada Parks
Granada Parks
  • The garden of Fuente nueva
  • The garden of Federico Garcia Lorca
  • The garden of Carmen de los Martires
  • The garden of Zaidin

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 569 pixelsFull resolution (1440 × 1024 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 569 pixelsFull resolution (1440 × 1024 pixels, file size: 1. ...

Sport

Granada has three football teams:

  • Granada 74, in Segunda División.
  • Granada, in Segunda División B.
  • Granada Atlético, in Tercera División.

Granada 74 Club de Fútbol, or just Granada 74, will from the start of the 2007-08 season be a new Segunda División football club based in Granada, in the autonomous community of Andalusia. ... Liga de Fútbol Profesional The Segunda División is the lower of the two professional leagues in Spain consisting of 22 teams. ... Granada Club de Fútbol is a football team based in Granada in the autonomous community of Andalusia. ... Logo of the Real Federacion Española de Futbol The Segunda División B is a championship of the Spanish Football. ... Granada Atlético Club de Fútbol is a football team based in Granada. ... The Tercera División is one of the lower levels of the Spanish Football League. ...

References

The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, published in 1854, was the last a series of classical dictionaries edited by the english scholar William Smith (1813–1893), which included as sister works the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities and the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. ... Sir William Smith (1813 - 1893), English lexicographer, was born at Enfield in 1813 of Nonconformist parents. ...

See also

// From the middle of the XIX century for about 100 years, in Granada there were several firms with the name Ventura in the following related business: bookshop, editor, printer, typography and lithography. ... The quality of this article or section may be compromised by peacock terms. You can help Wikipedia by removing peacock terms. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Granada

  Results from FactBites:
 
Granada Traveller Guide, Andalusia, Spain (506 words)
Granada is the capital of the province with the same name, situated in the eastern part of the region of Andalusia.
The city of Granada is located at the foot of the sierra Nevada mountains at the confluences of the Darro and Genil rivers.
The city of Granada has been shaped by the hills, where the old districts in the Albaicín and the Alhambra were founded, brimming with steep, narrow streets, beautiful nooks and crannies, and marvelous landscapes.
Granada - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1185 words)
Granada is a city and the capital of the province of Granada, in the community of Andalusia, Spain.
At the 2003 census, the population of the city of Granada proper was 237,663, and the population of the entire urban area was estimated to be 450,439, ranking as the 13th-largest urban area of the Spanish Kingdom.
From 1232 to 1492, Granada (Arabic غرناطة Ġarnāṭah) was the seat of the Nasrid dynasty that ruled the sultanate (until 1238) and kingdom from the mid 13th century to the 15th century, one of the longest-lasting Islamic dynasties in the history of al-Andalus.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m