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Encyclopedia > Gran Sasso

Gran Sasso d'Italia is a 30 kilometer massif located in the Abruzzo region of central Italy . The Gran Sasso or great stone forms the centerpiece of the Parco Nazionale del Gran Sasso e Monti della Laga which was established in 1993 and holds the highest mountains in continental Italy south of Alps and is part of the Apennines, the mountain range that runs the entire length of the Italian peninsula. L'Aquila is the nearest city to the Gran Sasso, just 16 km from Assergi, the small town at the base of the massif; Rome is 132 km by road or an hour-and-a-half by car. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... In geology, a massif is a section of a planets crust that is demarcated by faults or flexures. ... Abruzzo is a region of Italy bordering Marche to the north, Lazio to the west and south-west, Molise to the south-east and the Adriatic Sea to the east. ... The Apennine Mountains (Greek: Απεννινος; Latin: Appenninus--in both cases used in the singular; Italian: Appennini) is a mountain range stretching 1000 km from the north to the south of Italy along its east coast, traversing the entire peninsula, and forming, as it were, the backbone of the country. ... City centre. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5...

The three main summits of the Gran Sasso are Corno Grande (shown here), which at 2,912 meters is the highest peak in the Apennines, nearby Corno Piccolo and Pizzo Intermésoli, which is separated from the other two peaks by Val Maone, a deep valley. Corno Grande and Corno Piccolo's ash coloration come from their limestone and dolomite composition. The peaks are snow-covered for much of the year though the snow cover appears to be less each decade. Corno Piccolo is referred to as, "The Sleeping Giant". This is due to the appearance of a profile of a reclined face. This view of Corno Piccolo is evident when viewing the mountain from Pietracamela, a small town near Prati di Tivo, on the north side of the mountain. Corno Grande and Corno Piccolo with their rough vertical walls of provide serious rock climbers some of the best climbing in Europe. Gran Sasso (Italian for great stone), a massif located in the Abruzzo region of central Italy, is the highest of the Apennines and the centerpiece of a national park (established 1991). ...

Situated below the peak of the Corno Grande is the Calderone glacier, the southernmost glacier in Europe; deglaciation has significantly reduced the glacier's size. Glaciologists now question whether the glacier will survive past 2020. Il Calderone, Europes southernmost glacier as seen in July 2007, deglaciation has not slowed, making it unlikely the Calderone will survive past 2020 The Calderone glacier (Ghiacciaio del Calderone) located in the Gran Sasso d’Italia mountain group in Abruzzo, Italy lies just beneath Corno Grande, the highest peak...

The mid- to lower slopes of the Gran Sasso are grazed in spring, summer and autumn by large flocks of sheep guarded by Maremmano-Abruzzese sheepdogs as well as herds of cattle and semi-wild horses. The pastures are covered with field grasses and meadowland wildflowers. The park is also the habitat for diverse wildlife from rare species such as the Apennine wolf, the "Marsicano" bear, wildcat and the Abruzzo chamois, Rupicapra pyrenaica ornata), a beautiful variety of chamois at the very edge of extinction but now making a comeback in the park through a joint effort by WWF Italia and the park administration. Other species of wildlife include wild boar, foxes, grass snakes such as Orsini’s viper, and a wide variety of bird life including golden eagles, peregrine, goshawks, Ortolan buntings, rock sparrows, crested larks, red-backed shrikes and downy pipits. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

At the northern base of Corno Piccolo is Prati di Tivo, a ski village. To the east of Corno Grande and Corno Piccolo is Campo Imperatore, a 27 km high plain or plateau. Campo Imperatore is home to Italy's oldest continuously operating commercial ski area (is connected to Fonte Cerreto by a big lift). A hotel midway on the top of Campo Imperatore is where the Italian fascist Benito Mussolini was imprisoned from August until September of 1943 until he escaped in a Nazi commando operation. The plateau is also the site of the Campo Imperatore station of the Rome Observatory, from which the Campo Imperatore Near-Earth Objects Survey and other astronomical studies are carried out. At the southern edge of Campo Imperatore and within the bounds of the national park are three medieval hill towns once ruled by the Medicis: Calascio, which sits before the ancient fortress ruin of Rocca di Calascio, and Santo Stefano di Sessanio and Castel Del Monte. Campo Imperatore in Italys Gran Sasso mountains is a high basin shaped plateau sculpted by an ancient glacier. ... For other uses, see Plateau (disambiguation). ... Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Benito Mussolini created a fascist state through the use of propaganda, total control of the media and disassembly of the working democratic government. ... The Rome Observatory (Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma in Italian) is one of twelve Astronomical Observatories in Italy. ... Campo Imperatore Near-Earth Objects Survey (CINEOS) is a project that looks for near-earth objects. ...

In 1984, a 10 km two-lane highway tunnel connecting Rome to Teramo was bored through the Gran Sasso Massif. In 1995, a second parallel tunnel was completed. Construction of the second tunnel included an underground particle physics laboratory at Assergi, the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso or Gran Sasso National Laboratory. The laboratory is composed of three large underground chambers, sometimes referred to collectively as the third tunnel. The laboratory sits beneath 1400 meters of rock. Construction of the laboratory and second tunnel faced fierce opposition from Italian and international environmental groups including Pro Natura, LIPU and Club Alpinio Italiano as well as the World Wildlife Federation and WWF Italia, Greenpeace and Friends of the Earth. Environmentalists noted that the nuclear physics laboratory would lie on or near two major and highly active seismic faults, that construction of the tunnels would interfere with a major aquifer, and that construction waste would degrade an environmentally sensitive and significant area. The underground laboratory, which opened in 1989, with its low background radiation is used for experiments in particle and nuclear physics,including the study of neutrinos, high-energy cosmic rays, dark matter, nuclear decay, as well as geology, and biology. The laboratory employs over 700 scientists from twenty different countries. Many credit the opposition created by the tunnel and laboratory construction with galvanizing the Italian environmental movement and leading to the very creation of the Parco Nazionale del Gran Sasso. In recent years, the laboratory has itself begun promoting preservation of the Gran Sasso environment. The Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso is a particle physics laboratory of the INFN, situated near the Gran Sasso mountain in Italy, between the towns of LAquila and Teramo. ... The neutrino is an elementary particle. ... Cosmic rays can loosely be defined as energetic particles originating outside of the Earth. ... In astrophysics and cosmology, dark matter refers to hypothetical matter of unknown composition that does not emit or reflect enough electromagnetic radiation to be observed directly, but whose presence can be inferred from gravitational effects on visible matter. ... Radioactive decay is the set of various processes by which unstable atomic nuclei (nuclides) emit subatomic particles. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology (from Greek: βίος, bio, life; and λόγος, logos, knowledge), also referred to as the biological sciences, is the study of living organisms utilizing the scientific method. ...

In 2005, a 2424 m (7900 ft) peak previously named "The Gendarme" was renamed "Pope John Paul II" at a ceremony in a medieval chapel on what would have been the Pope's 85th birthday. .[1] The 2,424-metre (7,900 feet) The Pope who felt mountains were "a special place to meet God" often visited the Gran Sasso saying it reminded him of the mountains of his native Poland. Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   []; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of...



The Gran Sasso is located in the Gran Sasso e Monti della Laga National Park. Running through this nature preserve is a portion of the Italian State Highway 80 (SS80), known as the Grand Highway of the Gran Sasso and Monti della Laga National Park ("Strada maestra del Parco"). The Gran Sasso and Monti della Laga National Park was established in 1991. ... The Grand Highway of the Gran Sasso and Monti della Laga National Park is located in the Abruzzo Region of Italy. ...

While frequented by skiers in winter, and mountain climbers and hikers in other seasons, the Gran Sasso is remarkably free of tourists despite its proximity to Rome. This is especially true in summer with most Italians preferring beach vacations and foreign visitors more likely to visit the mountains of northern Italy. Thus, the Gran Sasso remains largely "off the beaten path."

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  1. ^ "Peak is named after late pontiff", BBC News, 2005-05-18. 

BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ...

External links

  • Parco Nazionale del Gran Sasso e Monti della Laga.
  • "The Big Stone", climbing in the Gran Sasso, translated from French).
  • Sciaplinismo negli Appenni (article in Italian on "scialpinismo", combined mountain climbing and skiing) on the Gran Sasso.
  • Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso website.

Coordinates: 42°28′N, 13°33′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Green light for the neutrino beam from Cern to Gran Sasso (898 words)
The Cngs beam and the experimental devices constructed in the Gran Sasso Laboratories to study neutrino interactions are part of a project aimed at shedding light on the mysterious phenomenon of the oscillation of these particles.
Experiments at the Gran Sasso Laboratories, which use the neutrino beam from Cern, will be able to demonstrate in particular the transformation of muon neutrinos into tau neutrinos, a phenomenon never so far observed.
The experiments are located at the Gran Sasso Laboratories where they are sheltered by 1.440 metres of rock, a very powerful screen against the cosmic rays produced in the atmosphere by primary cosmic radiation.
Climbing in Gran Sasso, Central Italy (3549 words)
Gran Sasso concentrates in a couple km² all the mountain activities.
The origin of the name "Gran Sasso" is obvious (if you speak Italian) from Prati di Tivo, village at the foot of Corno Piccolo.
Left: 360° panorama of Gran Sasso, from the moraine of the Calderone glacier.
  More results at FactBites »



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