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Encyclopedia > Grammy
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Grammy Award statuette

The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music Awards, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony, make up the rest). However, the Grammys, usually held in February, (last of what are considered the "big three" music awards shows, including the BMA and AMA shows) are considered the approximate equivalent to the Oscars, in the music world.


Like the Oscars, the Grammys, which currently have 105 categories within 30 genres of music (such as pop, gospel, and rap), are voted upon by peers - voting members of the Recording Academy - rather than being based upon popularity (as with the BMAs and the AMAs).


The awards are named for the trophy which the winner receives - a small gilded statuette of a gramophone. Hand Crafted by Billings Artworks.

 The awards ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and some of the more prominent Grammys are presented in a widely-viewed televised ceremony. 

Some feel that because Grammy voters tend to vote conservatively, and are marketed to by record companies (viewed as pushing artists that sell to "teenage girls and housewives"), the most widely-recognized Grammys tend to go to either well-established artists or those being hyped by the recording industry. Hence, the Grammys are not taken seriously by some musicians and music fans. In fact, artists who are considered by some to be of the greatest in history (such as Elvis Presley and The Rolling Stones) have only been awarded very few Grammys.


Of the "big three" music awards shows, the Grammys are the highest rated. Some music fans believe that the competition between these awards shows (and the controversies that come with it) only press the need for a unified awards system.


Unlike the Academy Awards, for which the eligiblilty period begins January 1, the eligibility period for the Grammys begins October 1, which results in September being considered the Christmas sales period for the music industry (in which artists generally release big albums to qualify for the next year's Grammy). So, for example, John Lennon & Yoko Ono's album Double Fantasy was released in November, 1980, a month-and-a-half too late to qualify for the 1981 Grammys, and thus eligible for the 1982 awards (it eventually won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year).


The Grammys are currently broadcast on CBS.

Contents

1 Award Categories

2 Awards by year
3 External links

Grammy Records

Pat Metheny and the Pat Metheny Group have won 16 Grammys in total, including six consecutive awards for six consecutive albums. Metheny, as of the 2004 Grammy Awards, holds the record for most Grammy wins in different catergories:

  1. Best Jazz Fusion Performance (1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1990)
  2. Best Instrumental Composition (1991)
  3. Best Contemporary Jazz Performance/Album (1993, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2003)
  4. Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Individual or Group (1998, 2000)
  5. Best Rock Instrumental Perfomance (1999)
  6. Best Jazz Instrumental Solo (2001)
  7. Best New Age Album (2004)

Session drummer Hal Blaine played on six consecutive records which won Record of the Year:

  1. 1966 Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass - "A Taste of Honey"
  2. 1967 Frank Sinatra - "Strangers in the Night"
  3. 1968 5th Dimension - "Up, Up and Away"
  4. 1969 Simon & Garfunkel - "Mrs. Robinson"
  5. 1970 5th Dimension - "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In"
  6. 1971 Simon & Garfunkel - "Bridge Over Troubled Water"

Conductor Sir Georg Solti holds the record for most Grammys won, having won a total of thirty-eight awards before his death in 1997.


Award Categories

General

Composing and arranging


Film/TV/Media

  • Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media
  • Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field)
  • Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field)


Musical Show


Music Video


Packaging and Notes


Production and engineering

  • Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical
  • Best Engineered Album, Classical
  • Best Engineered Recording - Special or Novel Effects
  • Best Remixed Recording , Non-Classical
  • Producer of the Year, Non-Classical
  • Producer of the Year, Classical
  • Remixer of the Year, Non-Classical

Genres


Alternative


Blues


Children's


Classical


Comedy


Country


Dance


Disco


Folk


Gospel


Historical


Jazz


Latin


New Age


Polka


Pop


R&B

  • Best Female R&B Vocal Performance
  • Best Male R&B Vocal Performance
  • Best R&B Solo Vocal Performance, Male or Female
  • Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals
  • Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance
  • Best R&B Instrumental Performance
  • Best Urban/Alternative Performance
  • Best Rhythm & Blues Recording
  • Best R&B Song
  • Best R&B Album
  • Best Contemporary R&B Album


Rap


Reggae


Rock


Spoken


Traditional Pop


World

Awards by year

Years reflect the year in which the awards were presented, for music released in the previous year.

Grammy Awards by year
1959 | 1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964 | 1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969 | 1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974 | 1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979 | 1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | 1984 | 1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | 1989 | 1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994 | 1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999 | 2000 | 2001 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004


Major Music Awards Shows

American Music Awards | Billboard Music Awards | Grammy Awards | East Coast Music Awards
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Grammy Award - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1308 words)
However, the Grammys, usually held in February (last of what are considered the "big three" music awards shows, including the BMA and AMA shows), are considered the approximate equivalent to the Oscars in the music world.
Prior to the first live Grammys telecast in 1971 on ABC (CBS bought the rights in 1973 after moving the ceremony to Nashville, Tennessee; the American Music Awards were created for ABC as a result), a series of taped annual specials in the 1960s called The Best on Record were broadcast on NBC.
Christopher Cross (Grammy Awards of 1981) is the only artist to receive the "Big Four" (Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist) in a single ceremony.
Grammy Award - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (644 words)
However, the Grammys (usually held in February as the last of the "big three" music awards shows--the others being the BMAs and the AMAs) is the approximate equivalent, in the music world, to the Oscars.
Like the Oscars, the Grammys, currently with a total of 105 categories within 30 fields of music (such as pop, gospel, and rap), are voted by peers - in this case voting members of the Recording Academy - not upon popularity (as with the BMAs and the AMAs) but by merit.
The Grammy voters tend to be conservative, and are marketed to by record companies, who place great stock in some types of artists winning Grammys (accurately but cynically put as those which sell to "teenage girls and housewives").
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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