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Encyclopedia > Gram
Gram
Unit sign g
Measure Mass
Base Unit Kilogram
Multiple of Base 10-3
System SI, CGS, other
Common usage Commonly used in cooking and food labeling
Examples
One millilitre of water is 1 g at 4°C.
Typical coins: a euro is 7.5 g and a US penny is 2.5 g
Conversion
SI 10 dg= 1 g = 0.1 dag = 0.001 kg
Imperial 1 g ≈ 0.0353 ounce ≈ 0.00220 pound
see also: Orders of magnitude (mass)
Next units
decigram < Gram < decagram
BIC pen cap, about 1 gram.
BIC pen cap, about 1 gram.
For other uses of the words gram or gramme, see gram (disambiguation).

The gram or gramme (Greek/Latin root grámma); symbol g, is a unit of mass. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The U.S. National Prototype Kilogram, which currently serves as the primary standard for measuring mass in the U.S. It was assigned to the United States in 1889 and is periodically recertified and traceable to the primary international standard, The Kilogram, held at the Bureau International des Poids et... Look up si, Si, SI in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The millilitre is the equivalent of a cubic centimetre. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... The euro (EUR or €) is the currency of 13 European Union (EU) member states (Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain), three European microstates which have currency agreements with the EU (Monaco, San Marino and the Vatican City State), Andorra, Montenegro and the... The United States one-cent coin is a unit of currency equaling one-hundredth of a United States dollar. ... Look up si, Si, SI in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The U.S. National Prototype Kilogram, which currently serves as the primary standard for measuring mass in the U.S. It was assigned to the United States in 1889 and is periodically recertified and traceable to the primary international standard, The Kilogram, held at the Bureau International des Poids et... The decagram (symbol dag, sometimes dcg) is an SI unit of mass. ... The U.S. National Prototype Kilogram, which currently serves as the primary standard for measuring mass in the U.S. It was assigned to the United States in 1889 and is periodically recertified and traceable to the primary international standard, The Kilogram, held at the Bureau International des Poids et... The Imperial units or the Imperial system is a collection of English units, first defined in the Weights and Measures Act of 1824, later refined (until 1959) and reduced. ... The ounce (abbreviation: oz) is the name of a unit of mass in a number of different systems, including various systems of mass that form part of English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The pound (abbreviations: lb or, sometimes in the United States, #) is a unit of mass (called weight in everyday parlance) in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Category: ... The U.S. National Prototype Kilogram, which currently serves as the primary standard for measuring mass in the U.S. It was assigned to the United States in 1889 and is periodically recertified and traceable to the primary international standard, The Kilogram, held at the Bureau International des Poids et... The decagram (symbol dag, sometimes dcg) is an SI unit of mass. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x768, 180 KB) Summary BIC brand pen cap on a digital scale, indicating a weight of approximately 1 gram (0. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (960x768, 180 KB) Summary BIC brand pen cap on a digital scale, indicating a weight of approximately 1 gram (0. ... Société Bic is a company based in Clichy, France, founded in 1945, best known for making inexpensive disposable products including cigarette lighters, magnets, ballpoint pens, and shaving razors. ... Gram &#8212; A unit of measurement of mass. ... The definition, agreement and practical use of units of measurement have played a crucial role in human endeavour from early ages up to this day. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


Originally defined as "the absolute weight of a volume of pure water equal to the cube of the hundredth part of a metre, and at the temperature of melting ice"[1] (later 4 °C), a gram is now defined as one one-thousandth of the SI base unit, the kilogram, or 1×10−3 kg, which itself is defined as being equal to the mass of a physical prototype preserved by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures. Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... Look up si, Si, SI in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The U.S. National Prototype Kilogram, which currently serves as the primary standard for measuring mass in the U.S. It was assigned to the United States in 1889 and is periodically recertified and traceable to the primary international standard, The Kilogram, held at the Bureau International des Poids et... Scientific notation, also known as standard form, is a notation for writing numbers that is often used by scientists and mathematicians to make it easier to write large and small numbers. ... The International Bureau of Weights and Measures is the English name of the Bureau international des poids et mesures (BIPM, often written in English Bureau International des Poids et Mesures), a standards organisation, one of the three organizations established to maintain the International System of Units (SI) under the terms...

Contents

Examples

All masses are approximate:

  • Plastic pen cap (Bic): 1 gram
  • A single Smartie: 1 gram
  • A teaspoon of salt: 4.745 grams
  • Paper clip: 0.5 grams to 1.5 grams
  • Typical sheet of A4 paper: 5 grams
  • 1 US banknote (any denomination): 1 gram[1]
  • United States nickel: 5 grams (very accurate when new)[2]

Nestlé Smarties are a colourful sugar-coated chocolate confectionery popular in Australia, Austria, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Malaysia, South Africa, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and other countries. ... Image:Teaspoon sugar. ... Small metal paper clip Another example of a paper clip. ... A comparison of different paper sizes A4 is a standard paper size, defined by the international standard ISO 216 as 210×297 mm (roughly 8. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...

Other Abbreviations

The gram is sometimes also abbreviated 'gm' or 'gr'. A grain is a unit of mass equal to 0. ...


History

It was the base unit of mass in the original French metric system and the later centimetre-gram-second (CGS) system of units. The word originates from late Latin gramma - a small weight. The International System of Units (symbol: SI) (for the French phrase Syst me International dUnit s) is the most widely used system of units. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ...


Uses

The gram is today the most widely used unit of measurement for non-liquid ingredients in cooking and grocery shopping worldwide. For food products that are typically sold in quantities far less than 1 kg, the unit price is normally given per 100 g.


Most standards and legal requirements for nutrition labels on food products require relative contents to be stated per 100 g of the product, such that the resulting figure can also be read as a percentage.


Conversion factors

  • 1 grain = 0.06479891 gram
  • 1 ounce (avoirdupois) = 28.349523125 grams
  • 1 ounce (troy) = 31.1034768 grams

The avoirdupois (IPA: ; French:) system is a system of weights (or, properly, mass) based on a pound of sixteen ounces. ...

See also

Conversion of units refers to conversion factors between different units of measurement for the same quantity. ... A gold gram is the amount of value represented by exactly one gram of gold. ...

External links


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Gram - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (239 words)
The gram or gramme (Greek/Latin root grámma) symbol g, is a unit of mass.
It was the base unit of mass in the original French metric system and the later centimetre-gram-second (CGS) system of units.
The gram is today the most widely used unit of measurement for non-liquid ingredients in cooking and grocery shopping worldwide.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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