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Encyclopedia > Grainger County, Tennessee
Grainger County, Tennessee
Map
Map of Tennessee highlighting Grainger County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the USA highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded information needed
Seat Rutledge
Largest City Bean Station
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

302 sq mi (783 km²)
280 sq mi (726 km²)
22 sq mi (57 km²), 7.31%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

20,659
74/sq mi (28/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Grainger County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee known for its tomatoes. Together with Hamblen and Jefferson counties, it is part of the Morristown, Tennessee Metropolitan Statistical Area which is, as of December 2005, considered a component of the Knoxville-Sevierville-La Follette, TN Combined Statistical Area.[1] As of 2000, the population was 20,659. The 2005 Census Estimate placed the population at 22,283 [2]. Its county seat is Rutledge6. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_TN.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Tennessee ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Rutledge is a town located in Grainger County, Tennessee. ... Bean Station is a city located in Grainger County, Tennessee. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precision atomic time standard. ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties/Parishes/Boroughs, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... Binomial name Solanumlycopersicum Linnaeus ref. ... Hamblen County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. ... Morristown is a city in Tennessee, United States. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ... Sevierville (pronounced ) is a city in and the county seatGR6 of Sevier County , Tennessee, United States of America. ... La Follette is a city located in Campbell County, Tennessee. ... The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines micropolitan and metropolitan statistical areas. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Rutledge is a town located in Grainger County, Tennessee. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ...

Contents

History

Grainger County holds the distinction of being the only Tennessee county named for a woman, Mary Grainger Blount, the wife of Territorial Governor William Blount. The state legislature formed the county in 1796 from parts of Hawkins and Knox Counties, and it once included parts of Campbell, Claiborne, Hamblen, and Union Counties. The county seat was located in Washburn in North Grainger County, for some time before moving to Rutledge in 1801. Italic text:For the English scholar see William Blount, 4th Baron Mountjoy. ... Washburn, Tennessee is a small community located in rural, unincorporated North Grainger County, Tennessee. ... Rutledge is a town located in Grainger County, Tennessee. ...


Nestled between the Holston and Clinch Rivers, Grainger County retains much of its rural nature. Rutledge, the county seat, has a population approaching 2,500. Founded in 1798, the town was named in honor of General George Rutledge of Sullivan County. Blaine traces its origins to the 1700s, when it was known as Blaine's Crossroads because of its proximity to the residence of Robert Blaine. George Bean Sr., goldsmith, jeweler, and gun maker, settled Bean Station, the county's most recently chartered town (1997). Bean Station served as a crossroads along the Old Kentucky Road (U.S. Route 25E) and the New Orleans to Washington Road (U.S. Route 11W). These towns lie to the south of Clinch Mountain, which splits the county into two geographical sections. Communities north of the mountain include Thorn Hill, Washburn, and Powder Springs. Rutledge is a town located in Grainger County, Tennessee. ... Blaine is a city located in Grainger County, Tennessee. ... Bean Station is a city located in Grainger County, Tennessee. ... U.S. Highway 25 is a north-south US highway in the eastern United States of America that now connects Cincinnati, Ohio at the Ohio River to Brunswick, Georgia near the Atlantic Ocean. ... U.S. Route 11 is a north-south United States highway. ... Clinch Mountain is a ridge in the U.S. states of Tennessee and Virginia, lying in the ridge-and-valley Appalachians. ... Washburn, Tennessee is a small community located in rural, unincorporated North Grainger County, Tennessee. ...


Agriculture still accounts for a significant portion of the county economy, with tobacco the major money crop, though cattle raising continues to make important gains. Grainger County tomatoes have become a national trademark.


Small businesses represented a second source of economic development. Grist mills, hatters, saddle makers, tailors, lawyers, and dry goods merchants supplied the necessities for isolated agricultural communities. Taverns such as the nationally renowned Bean Station Hotel along the New Orleans to Washington Road provided accommodations and refreshments to weary travelers.


By the late 1800s a tourism industry had developed around the mineral springs flowing from Clinch Mountain. The most famous, Tate's Springs, flourished until the Great Depression. It included mineral baths and waters, an enormous hotel, cabins, and a golf course. The resort declined and closed following the Great Depression and a major fire. Today a gazebo is the most important reminder of its former grandeur. More recently, the Tennessee Valley Authority's construction of lakes on both sides of the county, Cherokee Lake to the south and Norris Lake to the north, has revived the recreational industry. Fishing, camping, water sports, and development of lakefront property continue to contribute to the county's economy. The Great Depression started after October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Lake Norris is an undeveloped fresh water lake in Paisley, Lake County, Florida. ...


Grainger County's industrial growth has been limited. The Shields family operated Holston Paper Mill, one of the earliest local industries. The Knoxville and Bristol Railway, which once ran through the Richland Creek Valley, succumbed to flooding. The vegetable canneries of the 1910s closed after a tomato blight destroyed their primary produce. Locally owned Clinchdale Lumber Company logged the county's timber in the early part of the century. Later, timbering gave way to knitting mills and zinc mining. Black marble is quarried in Thorn Hill. In 1974 the county built an industrial park to spark economic growth with mixed results. Almost half the people of the county now travel to surrounding towns for employment. Overall, the county remains one of small businesses and agriculture, although a 1999 count identified 3,643 residents employed in the industrial sector. Venus de Milo, front. ...


During the Civil War a state of near-guerrilla warfare brought economic, political, and social chaos. A major skirmish occurred near Blaine around Christmas of 1862. A year later the battle of Bean's Station pitted the forces of Confederate General James Longstreet against a Union army under General J. M. Shackleford in a planned surprise attack that failed through the blunders of Longstreet's staff. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... James Longstreet (January 8, 1821 – January 2, 1904) was one of the foremost Confederate generals of the American Civil War, the principal subordinate to General Robert E. Lee, who called him his Old War Horse. ...


Grainger County claims a number of notable citizens. James Ore, pioneer Indian fighter and Knoxville merchant, was one of the county's first settlers. Several members of the Cocke family served in the state and national legislatures, including John Cocke (1796-1801, 1807-13, 1843-45), Sterling Cocke (1815-19), William Cocke (1813-15), and William Michael Cocke (1855-57). Members of the Lea family associated with Sam Houston, founded a city in Texas, surveyed the Iowa territory, and taught at the University of Tennessee. Andrew Johnson operated a tailor's shop in Rutledge. DeWitt Clinton Senter, successor to Governor William G. Brownlow, grew up in Grainger County, as did Spencer Jarnagin, a U.S. senator (1843-47). John K. Shields held posts as Tennessee Supreme Court chief justice and U.S. senator (1913-25). His brother, Knoxville banker W. S. Shields, provided the land for the University of Tennessee football stadium. John Williams served as U.S. minister to Turkey. Dr. Herbert Acuff achieved national recognition as a surgeon. Roy H. Beeler became attorney general of Tennessee. Theo Tate was U.S. treasurer, and Robert Taylor Jones served as governor of Arizona. John Cocke (May 30, 1925 - July 16, 2002) was an American computer scientist recognised for his large contribution to computer architecture and optimizing compiler design. ... William Cocke William Cocke (September 6, 1747–August 22, 1828) was an American lawyer, pioneer, and statesman. ... William Michael Cocke was an American politician who represented Tennessees second district in the United States House of Representatives. ... Samuel Houston (March 2, 1793–July 26, 1863) was a 19th century American statesman, politician and soldier. ... Official language(s) No Official Language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 – July 31, 1875) was the seventeenth President of the United States (1865–1869), succeeding to the presidency upon the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. ... Dewitt Clinton Senter (1834-1898) was governor of Tennessee from 1869 to 1871. ... William Gannaway Brownlow (August 29, 1805 - April 29, 1877) was Governor of Tennessee from 1865 to 1869 and a Senator from Tennessee from 1869 to 1875. ... Spencer Jarnagin (1792–1853) was a United States Senator from Tennessee from 1843 to 1847. ... John Knight Shields (August 15, 1858 – September 30, 1934) was a Democratic United States Senator from Tennessee from 1913 to 1925. ... The Tennessee Supreme Court is the highest appellate court of the State of Tennessee. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Harold Theodore Theo Tate was Treasurer of the United States from May 31, 1928 until January 17, 1929, serving under President Calvin Coolidge. ... The United States Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the United States Department of the Treasury, concerned with finance and monetary matters, and, until 2003, some issues of national security and defense. ... Robert Taylor Jones (1884-1958) was the 9th governor of Arizona and served from 1939 to 1941. ... Official language(s) English Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ...


Geography

Grainger County is bounded on the northwest by the Clinch River (impounded to form Norris Lake) and on the southeast by the Holston River (including Cherokee Lake). According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 783 km² (302 mi²). 726 km² (280 mi²) of it is land and 57 km² (22 mi²) of it (7.31%) is water. Clinch Mountain is a major geographic feature that effectively separates the county into a southern section (including Rutledge) and a northern section (including Washburn). The Clinch River rises in southwestern Virginia and flows into East Tennessee. ... Lake Norris is an undeveloped fresh water lake in Paisley, Lake County, Florida. ... The Holston drainage basin, located within the upper Tennessee drainage basin For other uses of Holston, see Holston (disambiguation). ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Clinch Mountain is a ridge in the U.S. states of Tennessee and Virginia, lying in the ridge-and-valley Appalachians. ...


Adjacent Counties

Hancock County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. ... Hawkins County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Hamblen County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. ... Knox County is a U.S. county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Union County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. ... Shanes (born 1968) is a male Norwegian wikipedian living in Oslo. ...

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 20,659 people, 8,270 households, and 6,161 families residing in the county. The population density was 28/km² (74/mi²). There were 9,732 housing units at an average density of 13/km² (35/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.41% White, 0.32% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. 1.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 8,270 households out of which 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.90% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.50% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.89. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 30.50% from 25 to 44, 25.80% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.50 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $27,997, and the median income for a family was $33,347. Males had a median income of $25,781 versus $19,410 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,505. About 15.10% of families and 18.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.40% of those under age 18 and 26.00% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Cities and towns

Bean Station is a city located in Grainger County, Tennessee. ... Blaine is a city located in Grainger County, Tennessee. ... Rutledge is a town located in Grainger County, Tennessee. ... Washburn, Tennessee is a small community located in rural, unincorporated North Grainger County, Tennessee. ...

External links

Coordinates: 36°17′N 83°31′W / 36.28, -83.51 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Grainger County, Tennessee - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (371 words)
Grainger County is a county located in the state of Tennessee.
In the county, the population is spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 30.50% from 25 to 44, 25.80% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who are 65 years of age or older.
The median income for a household in the county is $27,997, and the median income for a family is $33,347.
Welcome to Grainger County Tennessee (164 words)
Grainger County is the undiscovered gem of East Tennessee.
The county is a quilted patchwork of rolling farms and lush woodlands.
However, today Grainger County is most famous for its delicious tomatoes, which are prized both near and far.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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