FACTOID # 29: 73.3% of America's gross operating surplus in motion picture and sound recording industries comes from California.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Grahamstown
Grahamstown from Fort Selwyn
Grahamstown from Fort Selwyn

Grahamstown is a city in the Eastern Cape Province of the Republic of South Africa and is the seat of the Makana municipality. The population of Grahamstown, as of 2003, was 124 758 (Rhodes University Journalism Department). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 317 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 317 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. ...


Located some 140 km from Port Elizabeth and 180 km from East London, Grahamstown is also the seat of Rhodes University, a diocese of the Church of the Province of South Africa (C.P.S.A. - Anglican) and a High Court. However it does not form part of the South African Cities Network (see List of cities in South Africa). Port Elizabeth is a city in South Africa, situated in the Eastern Cape Province, at 33°58′ S 25°36′ E. The city is located on Algoa Bay, and is one of the major seaports in South Africa. ... East London (Afrikaans: Oos-Londen, Xhosa: Imonti) is a city in southeast South Africa, situated in the Eastern Cape Province at 32. ... Rhodes University is one of South Africas oldest and most famous university institutions. ... The Church of the Province of Southern Africa is the Anglican province in the southern part of Africa, including dioceses in Angola, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Saint Helena, South Africa and Swaziland. ... There are officially nine cities in South Africa (members of the South African cities network). ...

Contents

History

Fort Selwyn
Fort Selwyn

Grahamstown was founded in 1812 as a military outpost by Lieutenant-Colonel John Graham as part of the effort to secure the eastern frontier of British influence in the then Cape Colony against the Xhosa. Grahamstown grew during the 1820s as many 1820 Settlers and their families left farming to establish themselves in more secure trades. In a few decades it became the Cape Colony's largest city after Cape Town. It became a bishopric in 1852. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 318 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 318 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... For the overture by Tchaikovsky, see 1812 Overture; For the wars, see War of 1812 (USA - United Kingdom) or Patriotic War of 1812 (France - Russia) For the Siberia Airlines plane crashed over the Black Sea on October 4, 2001, see Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 1812 was a leap year starting... John Graham, Johnny Graham or Jack Graham may be: Politics and History: John Graham (soldier) (fl. ... Anthem: God Save the Queen Cape Colony Capital Cape Town Language(s) English and Dutch1 Religion Dutch Reformed Church, Anglican Government Constitutional monarchy Last Monarch King George VI Last Prime Minister  - 1908 – 1910 John X. Merriman Last Governor  - 1901 - 1910 Walter Hely-Hutchinson Historical era 19th century  - Dutch East India... The Xhosa (IPA ) people are a group of peoples of Bantu origins living in south-east South Africa, and in the last two centuries throughout the southern and central southern parts of the country. ... The 1820 Settlers were several groups or parties of white, British colonists settled by the British government and the Cape authorities in the South African Eastern Cape in 1820. ... Anthem: God Save the Queen Cape Colony Capital Cape Town Language(s) English and Dutch1 Religion Dutch Reformed Church, Anglican Government Constitutional monarchy Last Monarch King George VI Last Prime Minister  - 1908 – 1910 John X. Merriman Last Governor  - 1901 - 1910 Walter Hely-Hutchinson Historical era 19th century  - Dutch East India... City motto: Spes Bona (Latin: Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Province Western Cape Mayor Helen Zille Area  - % water 2,499 km² N/A Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Not ranked 2,893,251 1,158/km² Established 1652 Time zone SAST (UTC+2... In some Christian churches, the diocese is an administrative territorial unit governed by a bishop, sometimes also referred to as a bishopric or episcopal see, though more often the term episcopal see means the office held by the bishop. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1904 Rhodes University College was established in Grahamstown through a grant from the Rhodes Trust. In 1951 it became a fully-fledged University, Rhodes University. Today it provides world-class tertiary education in a wide range of disciplines to over 6,000 undergraduate and postgraduate students. Rhodes University is one of South Africas oldest and most famous university institutions. ...


With the establishment of the Union of South Africa the Grahamstown High Court became a Local Division of the newly formed Supreme Court of South Africa (under Cape Town). However after several years the court was elevated to a Provincial Division and a Local Division was established in Port Elizabeth. In certain other areas of provincial government Grahamstown similarly served as a centre for the Eastern Cape. National motto: Ex Unitate Vires (Latin: From Unity, strength} Official languages Afrikaans, Dutch and English. ...


In 1994 Grahamstown became part of the newly established Eastern Cape Province, while Bhisho was chosen as the provincial capital. The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. ... Bhisho, formerly known as Bisho, is the capital of the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa. ...


Religion - 'The City of Saints'

Cathedral of St. Michael and St. George in Church Square
Cathedral of St. Michael and St. George in Church Square

The Anglican Cathedral of St Michael and St George is a diocesan seat of the Anglican Church of Southern Africa. Grahamstown also has Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Ethiopian Episcopal, Methodist, Baptist, Pinkster Protestante, Dutch Reformed (Nederduits Gereformeerde Kerk), Charismatic, Apostolic and Pentecostal churches. There are also meeting places for Hindus, Scientologists, Quakers, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints and Muslims. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 331 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 331 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Anglican Church of Southern Africa (formerly the Church of the Province of Southern Africa) is the Anglican province in the southern part of Africa, including dioceses in Angola, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Saint Helena, South Africa and Swaziland. ...


For historic reasons, particularly the vibrancy of evangelism during Grahamstown's heyday, the City is home to more than forty religious buildings, and the nickname the "City of Saints" has become attached to Grahamstown. However, there is another story which may be the source of this nickname.


It is said that, in about 1846, there were Royal Engineers stationed in Grahamstown who were in need of building tools. They sent a message to Cape Town requesting a vice to be forwarded to them from the Ordnance Stores. A reply came back, 'Buy vice locally'. The response was, 'No vice in Grahamstown'. (Morton, 1948:161)


Education, Arts and Culture

Grahamstown is home to many schools as well as Rhodes University. It is also home to several institutes, most importantly the South African National Library for the Blind, the National English Literary Museum, the South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (formerly the JLB Smith Institute), and the Institute for the Study of English in Africa. Rhodes University is one of South Africas oldest and most famous university institutions. ... The National Library for the Blind is a public library in the United Kingdom, founded 1882, which aims to ensure that visually impaired people have the same access to library services as sighted people. ... The National English Literary Museum (NELM) houses extensive archival material relating to Southern African English Literature. ... The South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB), is involved in research, education and in applications of its knowledge and research to African fish fauna, for either economic or conservation benefit. ...


The effects of Apartheid still affect the provision of secondary education in this former frontier town, where significant discrepencies in matric pass rates and general quality of education exist. Addressing this problem is one of the cities greatest challenges. A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ...


The Observatory Museum
In 1859, Henry Carter Galpin bought a simple double-storey establishment in Bathurst Street for £300. During the next 23 years he made extensive changes. The front was elegantly decorated, and a basement and three floors added to the back. Rooftop developments included an observatory, from which the building took its name, and the only Camera Obscura in the Southern Hemisphere. MolÄ—tai Astronomical Observatory An observatory is a location used for observing terrestrial and/or celestial events. ... The camera obscura (Lat. ... The Southern Hemisphere is the half of a planets surface (or celestial sphere) that is south of the equator (the word hemisphere literally means half ball). On Earth it contains five continents (Antarctica, Australia, most of South America, parts of Africa and Asia) as well as four oceans (South...


Born in 1820 in Dorset, England, Galpin trained as an architect, surveyor and civil engineer, as well as a chronometer, clock and watchmaker. These skills, together with his keen interest in optics and astronomy, are reflected throughout The Observatory- the most unusual Victorian home and business premises in South Africa. Dorset (pronounced DOR-sit or [dÉ”.sÉ™t], and sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the south-west of England, on the English Channel coast. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Table of Opticks, 1728 Cyclopaedia Optics ( appearance or look in ancient Greek) is a branch of physics that describes the behavior and properties of light and the interaction of light with matter. ... A giant Hubble mosaic of the Crab Nebula, a supernova remnant Astronomy is the science of celestial objects (such as stars, planets, comets, and galaxies) and phenomena that originate outside the Earths atmosphere (such as auroras and cosmic background radiation). ... Manchester Town Hall is an example of Victorian architecture found in Manchester, UK. The Carson Mansion is an example of a Victorian home in Eureka, California, USA The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles predominantly in the Victorian era. ...


Galpin's thriving watchmaker and jeweller's shop was run by three of his seven sons after his death in 1886. They sold to Messrs Leader and Krummeck in 1939. Several businesses occupied the ground floor while the basement and upper floors were divided into flats and lodgings.


By the end of the 1970's the structure was dilapidated and unsound. The historic link with the identification of the Eureka diamond led to the purchase and restoration of the Observatory by De Beers Consolidated Mines Limited. De Beers was founded in South Africa in 1888 and today comprises rough diamond exploration, mining and trading companies. ...


The building was subsequently proclaimed a National Monument and presented to the Albany Museum to form part of its History Division. Exhibits were arranged, and The Observatory Museum was opened by Mr. Harry F. Oppenheimer, the then Chairman of De Beers, on February 2, 1983. The term national monument can either refer to a specific monument which aims to represent a nation, or to a general concept. ... Harry Frederick Oppenheimer (28 October 1908 – 19 August 2000) was a prominent South African businessman and one of the worlds richest men. ... De Beers was founded in South Africa in 1888 and today comprises rough diamond exploration, mining and trading companies. ...


Festivals
Two large festivals take place annually in Grahamstown: the National Arts Festival in June/July and the Sasol SciFest in March. The National Arts Festival is the largest Arts festival in Africa and sees some of the leading talent on the South African and international art scene arriving in Grahamstown for a celebration of culture and artistic expression. [1] The National Arts Festival (often known as the Grahamstown Festival) takes place every year in Grahamstown, in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. ...


List of Schools

  • Diocesan School for Girls (1878 - Anglican)
  • Graeme College (1873 - Non-denominational, known variously before 1939 as Victoria Boys' High School and the Grahamstown Public School)
  • Kingswood College (1894 - Methodist)
  • Oatlands Preparatory
  • P.J. Olivier (1956 - Afrikaans)
  • St. Aidan's College (1875-1973 Jesuit - now defunct)
  • St. Andrew's College (1855 - Anglican)
  • St. Andrew's Preparatory (1885 - Anglican)
  • Victoria Girls' High School (1897 - Non-denominational)

Diocesan School for Girls is a private girls boarding school situated in Grahamstown, South Africa. ... St. ...

Press

Grahamstown is home to the oldest surviving independent newspaper in South Africa. Named the Grocott's Mail, it was founded in 1870 by the Grocott family, and bought out a pre-existing newspaper called the Grahamstown Journal, dating from 1831. It is presently a local newspaper operated by the School of Journalism and Media Studies at Rhodes University, and still retains its name. Grocott's Mail's main competitor is a weekly free-sheet called Grahamstown This Week, owned by Johnnic Communications. As a major centre for journalism training, Grahamstown also hosts two student newspapers, Activate, established in 1947, and The Oppidan Press.


Government

Grahamstown forms part of the Makana Local Municipality in the Cacadu District. Grahamstown is a seat of the High Court of South Africa (for the Eastern Cape), as well as the Magistrates Office for the Albany District. As a result of the presence of a High Court, several other related organs of state such as a Masters Office and a Director of Public Prosecutions are present in the city. A few other Government (mostly provincial) departments maintain branches or other offices in Grahamstown. Cacadu District Municipality (CDM) is situated in the Western Portion of the Eastern Cape province, covering an area of 58 242 square kilometres. ... Magistrates Courts in South Africa are the lower courts and the courts of of first instance and decide all matters as provided for by an act of parliament. ...


Trivia

  • Grahamstown was the only settlement outside Cape Town to host a sitting of the Cape Colony legislature (a move to defuse a call for the creation of a separate colony).
  • Grahamstown was the location of the testing of the first diamond find by Henry Galpin.
  • Grahamstown has the "tallest toilet in the world" (housed in an abandoned chimney).

See also

The 1820 Settlers were several groups or parties of white, British colonists settled by the British government and the Cape authorities in the South African Eastern Cape in 1820. ... Rhodes University is one of South Africas oldest and most famous university institutions. ...

External links

  • Official Grahamstown website
  • National Arts Festival website
  • National English Literary Museum
  • South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity
  • Makana Municipality
  • Grocott's Mail
  • [1]


edit Eastern Cape Province of South Africa Eastern Cape Coat of Arms
Capital Bhisho
Regions Amatola | Northern | Western | Wild Coast
Cities Port Elizabeth | East London | Mthatha
Largest towns Uitenhage | Port Alfred | Bhisho | Graaff-Reinet | Jeffreys Bay | Grahamstown
Municipalities Metropolitan: Nelson Mandela Municipality
District: Cacadu | Amatole | Chris Hani | Ukhahlamba | O.R. Tambo | Alfred Nzo
Local: Camdeboo | Blue Crane Route | Ikwezi | Makana | Ndlambe | Sunday's River Valley | Baviaans | Kouga | Kou-Kamma | Mbhashe | Mnquma | Great Kei | Amahlathi | Buffalo City | Ngqushwa | Nkonkobe | Nxuba | Inxuba Yethemba | Tsolwana | Inkwanca | Lukanji | Intsika Yethu | Emalaheni | Ngcobo | Sakhisizwe | Elunduni | Senqu | Maletswai | Gariep | Mbizana | Ntabankulu | Qaukeni | Port St. Johns | Nyandeni | Mhlontlo | King Sabata Dalindyebo | Umzimvubu | Matatiele

Coordinates: 33°18′S 26°32′E The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. ... Image File history File links Eastern_Cape_coa. ... The following is a list of the capitals of the provinces of South Africa. ... Bhisho, formerly known as Bisho, is the capital of the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa. ... The Wild Coast can refer to: The Wild Coast, a coastal region of South Africas Eastern Cape Province The Wild Coast, a fictional region located in the World of Greyhawk campaign setting for the Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game. ... This is a list of cities and towns in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. ... The Donkin Reserve Fort Frederick Horse Memorial Port Elizabeth (Afrikaans: Port Elizabeth; Xhosa: Ibhayi) is a city in South Africa, situated in the Eastern Cape Province, at . ... East London (Afrikaans: Oos-Londen, Xhosa: Imonti) is a city in southeast South Africa, situated in the Eastern Cape Province at 32. ... Mthatha (formerly Umtata) is the main town of the King Sabata Dalindyebo Municipality in Eastern Cape province of South Africa. ... This is a list of cities and towns in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. ... Uitenhage is a South African town located near the city of Port Elizabeth in Eastern Cape Province. ... Port Alfred is a small town in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. ... Bhisho, formerly known as Bisho, is the capital of the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa. ... Graaff Reinet, a town in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa, 185 miles by rail NW by N of Port Elizabeth. ... The world famous surf spot, Supertubes, in Jeffreys Bay. ... Nelson Mandela Bay is one of six Metropolitan (or Category A) municipalities in South Africa. ... Cacadu District Municipality (CDM) is situated in the Western Portion of the Eastern Cape province, covering an area of 58 242 square kilometres. ... A map of South Africa showing Amatole (within Eastern Cape province) Amatole is one of the 7 districts of Eastern Cape province of South Africa. ... A map of South Africa showing Chris Hani (within Eastern Cape province) Chris Hani is one of the 7 districts of Eastern Cape province of South Africa. ... A map of South Africa showing Ukhahlamba (within Eastern Cape province) Ukhahlamba is one of the 7 districts of Eastern Cape province of South Africa. ... A map of South Africa showing OR Tambo (within Eastern Cape province) OR Tambo is one of the 7 districts of Eastern Cape province of South Africa. ... A map of South Africa showing Alfred Nzo (within Eastern Cape province) Alfred Nzo is one of the 7 districts of Eastern Cape province of South Africa. ... Ndlambe Municipality is an administrative area in the Eastern Cape of South Africa, with its capital at Port Alfred, that encompasses the towns of Kenton-on-Sea, Boknes, Bathurst, Boesmansriviermond, Alexandria and Cannon Rocks. ... Buffalo City is a municipality situated on the east coast of Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, at the coordinates of (27. ... Ngcobo is a town in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa, previously known as Engcobo town. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


References

  • National Arts Festival: About
  • South African Government Information: Arts and Culture
  • Daily News: Tonight
  • South Africa.info
  • Rhodes University Outline
  • Grocott's Mail Online
  • Morton, H.V., 1948. In Search of South Africa. London: Methuen & Co. Ltd.
  • Rhodes University Journalism

  Results from FactBites:
 
Areas / Grahamstown (1452 words)
Grahamstown is best known as the venue of the annual National Festival of the Arts, and is generally considered to be a cultural and Intellectual destination.
Education is Grahamstown's biggest industry and Rhodes University with approximately 5300 students and a staff of 1 200 is the biggest industry in the city today.
Grahamstown offers a wide range of accommodation and, of course, conference and performance venues and, being both a university town and a tourist destination, it is also a great place for entertainment and adventure.
Grahamstown - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (754 words)
Grahamstown is a city in the Eastern Cape Province of the Republic of South Africa.
Grahamstown is generally regarded as a city as it is the seat of a Municipality, Rhodes University, an Anglican Diocese and a High Court.
Grahamstown is a seat of the High Court of South Africa (for the Eastern Cape) as well as the Magistrates Office for the Albany District.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m