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Encyclopedia > Graeme Souness
Graeme Souness
Personal information
Full name Graeme James Souness
Date of birth May 6, 1953 (1953-05-06) (age 54)
Place of birth    Edinburgh, Scotland
Playing position Midfielder
Senior clubs1
Years Club App (Gls)*
1970-1972
1972
1972-1978
1978-1984
1984-1986
1986-1991
Tottenham Hotspur
Montreal Olympique
Middlesbrough
Liverpool
Sampdoria
Rangers
Total
000 0(0)
010 0(2)
176 (22)
247 (38)
056 0(8)
050 0(3)
539 (73)   
National team
1974-1986 Scotland 054 0(4)
Teams managed
1986-1991
1991-1994
1995-1996
1996-1997
1997
1997-1999
2000-2004
2004-2006
Rangers
Liverpool
Galatasaray
Southampton
Torino
SL Benfica
Blackburn Rovers
Newcastle United

1 Senior club appearances and goals
counted for the domestic league only.
* Appearances (Goals) is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 7 - President Harry S. Truman announces the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb. ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... The Midfield in relation to the football positions In association football, a midfielder is a player whose position of play is midway between the attacking strikers and the defenders (highlighted in blue on the diagram). ... Tottenham Hotspur Football Club is an English professional football club which plays in the Premier League. ... The Montreal Olympique were a soccer team based out of Montreal that played in the NASL. They played from 1971 to 1973. ... Middlesbrough Football Club (commonly known as Boro) are an English football club based in Middlesbrough. ... Liverpool Football Club are an English professional football club based in Liverpool, Merseyside, who play in the Premier League; they are historically the most successful club in the history of English football, having won more trophies than any other English club. ... Categories: Football (soccer) stubs | Italian football clubs ... For other uses, see Rangers F.C. (disambiguation). ... First international Scotland 0–0 England  (Partick, Scotland; 30 November 1872) Biggest win Scotland 11–0 Ireland  (Glasgow, Scotland; 23 February 1901) Biggest defeat  Uruguay 7–0 Scotland (Basel, Switzerland; 19 June 1954) World Cup Appearances 8 (First in 1954) Best result Round 1, all European Championship Appearances 2 (First... For other uses, see Rangers F.C. (disambiguation). ... Liverpool Football Club are an English professional football club based in Liverpool, Merseyside, who play in the Premier League; they are historically the most successful club in the history of English football, having won more trophies than any other English club. ... For other uses of Galatasaray, see Galatasaray (disambiguation) Galatasaray Spor Kulübü (in English: Galatasaray Sports Club) or Galatasaray SK is a Turkish sports club based in Istanbul which is famous for its football section. ... Southampton Football Club is a professional English football team, nicknamed The Saints and based in the city of Southampton. ... Torino Football Club is one of the most popular Italian football clubs, based in Turin. ... Benfica redirects here. ... Blackburn Rovers Football Club are an English Premier League football club based in the town of Blackburn, Lancashire. ... Newcastle United Football Club (also known as The Magpies or The Toon) is an English professional football club based in Newcastle upon Tyne, who currently play in the Premier League. ...

Graeme James Souness (IPA: ['suːnəs]) (born 6 May 1953 in Edinburgh) is a Scottish former professional football player and manager. He is perhaps best known as the former captain of the successful Liverpool team of the early 1980s, and as a manager with, amongst others, Rangers, Liverpool, Blackburn Rovers and Newcastle United. IPA may refer to: The International Phonetic Alphabet or India Pale Ale ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 7 - President Harry S. Truman announces the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb. ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... Liverpool Football Club are an English professional football club based in Liverpool, Merseyside, who play in the Premier League; they are historically the most successful club in the history of English football, having won more trophies than any other English club. ... In sports, a coach is an individual involved in the direction and instruction of the on-field operations of an athletic team or of individual athletes. ... Rangers F.C. (Rangers Football Club) is a Scottish football club from Glasgow, Scotland which plays in the Scottish Premier League. ... Blackburn Rovers Football Club are an English Premier League football club based in the town of Blackburn, Lancashire. ... Newcastle United Football Club (also known as The Magpies or The Toon) is an English professional football club based in Newcastle upon Tyne, who currently play in the Premier League. ...

Contents

Career as a player

Early career

Souness was raised in the Saughton Mains area of Edinburgh. As with other tough-tackling Scottish midfielders such as Dave Mackay and Billy Bremner, journalists have regularly attributed Souness's rumbustious playing style to his modest upbringing. As a teenager Souness played for local boys club North Merchiston. David Craig Mackay is a former Scottish footballer and football manager who was born in Edinburgh, Scotland on 14 November 1934. ... William Billy John Bremner (born Stirling, Scotland, 9 December 1942; died Doncaster, England, 7 December 1997) was captain of the Leeds United football team of the 1960s and 1970s. ...


Souness's career began as an apprentice at Tottenham Hotspur under Bill Nicholson. He signed professional forms as a 15 year-old in 1968. Frustrated at a lack of first team opportunities, the teenage Souness reputedly informed Nicholson that he was the best player at the club. Souness made one solitary appearance for spurs in the UEFA cup as a substitute. If youre looking for the TV show, see The Apprentice. ... Tottenham Hotspur Football Club is an English professional football club which plays in the Premier League. ... Playing in his only international Bill Nicholson OBE (26 January 1919 - 23 October 2004) was an English football player, coach, manager and scout who devoted his life to Tottenham Hotspur in North London. ...


During the summer of 1972, the nineteen-year-old Souness played in the North American Soccer League for the Montreal Olympique. He appeared in 10 of his team’s 14 games, and was named in the league’s All-Star team for that season. North American Soccer League or (NASL) was a professional soccer league with teams in the United States and Canada that operated from 1968 to 1984. ... The Montreal Olympique were a soccer team based out of Montreal that played in the NASL. They played from 1971 to 1973. ...


Back in England, Souness had played just once for Spurs prior to a £30,000 move to Middlesbrough in 1972. His debut came on 6 January 1973 in a 2-1 league defeat to Fulham at Craven Cottage. His first goal came on 11 December 1973 in a 3-0 league victory over Preston North End at Ayresome Park. Middlesbrough Football Club (commonly known as Boro) are an English football club based in Middlesbrough. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Fulham Football Club are an English football team based in Fulham, in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. ... Craven Cottage is the name of a sports stadium in the Hammersmith and Fulham area that has been the 6. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Preston North End Football Club are an English professional football club located in the Deepdale area of the city of Preston, Lancashire, currently playing in the second tier of English league football, The Championship. ... Ayresome Park was a football stadium in the United Kingdom, and was the home of Middlesbrough F.C. from its construction in time for the 1903/1904 season, until the Riverside Stadium opened in 1995. ...


Souness's tenacious style began to garner increasing acclaim during his time at Middlesbrough. His first season saw Middlesbrough finish fourth, two places and 14 points short of promotion. In May 1973, the recently retired Jack Charlton was appointed to his first managerial post. Promotion as champions of the Second Division followed. Souness's growing influence was demonstrated in a hat-trick in the season's final fixture, an 8-0 victory over Sheffield Wednesday. John Jack Charlton, OBE, DL (born Ashington, Northumberland, May 8, 1935) was a footballer who played for Leeds United in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, and who won the World Cup with England. ... Between the 1992-93 and 2004-05 season, the Football League Second Division was the second-highest division of The Football League and the third-highest division in the overall English football league system. ... In sports, a hat-trick (more often rendered in North America as hat trick, without the hyphen) is associated with achieving something in a group of three. ... SWFC redirects here. ...


Liverpool

Souness's playing career is best remembered for his seven seasons at Liverpool, where he won five League Championships, three European Cups and four League Cups. Liverpool Football Club are an English professional football club based in Liverpool, Merseyside, who play in the Premier League; they are historically the most successful club in the history of English football, having won more trophies than any other English club. ... From 1889 until 1992, this was the highest division overall of organized football in England. ... Champions League Logo The UEFA Champions League is an annual international inter-club football competition between Europes most successful clubs, regarded as the most prestigious club trophy in the sport. ... The Football League Cup, commonly known as the League Cup, is an English football competition. ...


His time at Anfield began in 1978. After winning a first European Cup in 1977, Liverpool manager Bob Paisley sought reinforcements by signing three Scottish players, all of whom were to contribute substantially to further success. Central defender Alan Hansen arrived from Partick Thistle for £110,000. Kenny Dalglish - an established Scottish international - signed from Celtic for a then British record fee of £440,000. Souness formed the final part of the Scottish triumvirate, leaving Middlesbrough in acrimonious circumstances for a club-record fee of £350,000 on 10 January 1978. This article is about the football stadium. ... The season 1976-77 of the European Cup football club tournament was won by for the first time by Liverpool FC in the final against Borussia Mönchengladbach. ... Robert Bob Paisley OBE (23 January 1919 — 14 February 1996) was an English football player who became best known for being one of the most successful managers in English football history whilst managing his only team Liverpool Football Club in the 1970s and 1980s. ... Alan David Hansen (born Alloa, Clackmannanshire, Scotland, June 13, 1955) is a BBC television expert football pundit and a former football player. ... Partick Thistle Football Club is a Scottish professional football club from the city of Glasgow. ... Kenneth Mathieson Dalglish MBE (born 4 March 1951 in Dalmarnock, Glasgow) is a former Scottish international football player. ... Celtic Football Club is a Scottish football club, competing in the Scottish Premier League, the highest form of competition in Scotland. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ...


Souness's Liverpool debut came in a 1-0 league victory over West Bromwich Albion at The Hawthorns on 14 January 1978. His first goal - a characteristic volley just inside the penalty box, eventually awarded fans' goal of the season - came in a 3-1 win over bitter rivals Manchester United at Anfield on 25 February 1978. West Bromwich Albion Football Club (also known as West Brom, The Baggies, Albion, The Albion, The Throstles or W.B.A.) are an English professional football club based in West Bromwich, West Midlands. ... The Hawthorns is the home of West Bromwich Albion F.C. in West Bromwich, West Midlands, England. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Manchester United Football Club are a world-famous English football club, based at the Old Trafford stadium in Trafford, Greater Manchester, and are one of the most popular sports clubs in the world, with over 50 million supporters worldwide. ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ...


Souness played a critical role in Liverpool's retention of the European Cup against FC Bruges at Wembley, providing the pass for Dalglish to score the game's only goal. The season 1977-78 of the European Cup football club tournament was won by defending champions Liverpool FC in the final against Club Brugge K.V.. The game finished 1-0, started a run of six consecutive finals that finished 1-0 after ninety minutes, five of them won by... Club Brugge KV is a football club from Brugge, Belgium. ... Wembley Stadium was a football stadium located in Wembley, London. ...


Sustained success followed. Souness's first League title medals were won in seasons 1978-79 and 1979-80. A second European Cup medal for Souness arrived in 1981 with a 1-0 victory over Real Madrid - the culmination of a campaign in which Souness scored a hat-trick in the quarter-final against CSKA Sofia. // First Division Bob Paisley won his third league title in Liverpool and his conquering side fought off competition from the likes of Nottingham Forest and West Bromwich Albion to achieve their triumph. ... The 1979-80 season was the 100th season of competitive football (soccer) in England. ... The season 1980-81 of the European Cup football club tournament was won by for a third time by Liverpool FC in the final against Real Madrid. ... Real Madrid Club de Fútbol is a Spanish sports club most widely known for its professional football team based in Madrid. ... PFC CSKA Sofia is the football club of the CSKA sports club of Sofia, Bulgaria, founded on May 5, 1948. ...


This burst of success prompted Paisley to award Souness the club captaincy for season 1981-82, to the chagrin of the incumbent Phil Thompson. Under Souness's captaincy, two trophies followed as Liverpool regained the League championship and retained the League Cup - trophies that were successfully defended in season 1982-83. Souness relinquished his right as captain to lift the League Cup at Wembley after the 2-1 win over Manchester United in 1983, insisting that Paisley collected the trophy in his retirement season. The 1981-82 season was the 102nd season of competitive football in England. ... Phil Thompson (born Liverpool, 21st January 1954) was a cultured defender in the dominant Liverpool team of the 1970s and 1980s who later returned to the club as first team coach. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and make it more accessible to a general audience, this article may require cleanup. ...


In 1983-84, Souness lifted three trophies as Liverpool again retained the League title and League Cup. The European Cup was regained after a penalty shoot-out win over AS Roma. // First Division Liverpool had a great first season under the management of Joe Fagan as they wrapped up their third successive league title and the 15th in their history. ... The season 1983-84 of the European Cup football club tournament was won by for a fourth time by Liverpool FC in a penalty shootout in the final against AS Roma. ... Associazione Sportiva Roma (ISE: IT0001008876) is a major professional football club both in Italy’s Serie A and in European football. ...


Souness's Liverpool career ended in 1984 after 358 appearances and 56 goals.


Career in Italy

Souness left Liverpool in 1984, joining Unione Calcio Sampdoria SpA for a fee of £650,000. Souness and England international Trevor Francis - a player at the Genoa-based club since 1982 - added experience to an emerging group of future Italian internationals, including Roberto Mancini, Pietro Vierchowod and Gianluca Vialli. In his first season, Sampdoria won the Coppa Italia with a 3-1 victory over Serie A rivals AC Milan, securing the trophy for the first time in the club's history. Unione Calcio Sampdoria (commonly nicknamed Blucerchiati, blue-ringed) is a football club based in Genoa, Italy. ... Trevor John Francis (born April 19, 1954 in Boxhill, Plymouth, England), was a noted footballer and Englands first £1 million player. ... For other uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... Roberto Mancini (born November 27, 1964) is an Italian football coach and former player. ... Pietro Vierchowod (born April 6, 1959 in Calcinate) is a former Italian footballer turned coach. ... Gianluca Vialli (born July 9, 1964 in Cremona) is an Italian football striker and manager. ... The Coppa Italia Trophy - Coppa in Italian meaning Cup representing the Tournaments title. ... This article is about the Italian football league. ... AC Milan is an Italian football club. ...


Souness's career in Italy ended in 1986 as he took up the position of player-manager at Rangers. For other uses, see Rangers F.C. (disambiguation). ...


International career

While a Middlesbrough player, Souness received his first international cap for Scotland on 30 October 1974 in a 3-0 friendly victory over East Germany at Hampden Park. By the time Souness was selected by manager Ally McLeod for the Scotland squad for the World Cup in Argentina in 1978, however, he had been awarded only six caps. His move to Liverpool, and a greatly increased profile, saw growing demands for the award of regular place. A cap is an appearance for a select team, such as a school, county or international team in sports. ... First international Scotland 0–0 England  (Partick, Scotland; 30 November 1872) Biggest win Scotland 11–0 Ireland  (Glasgow, Scotland; 23 February 1901) Biggest defeat  Uruguay 7–0 Scotland (Basel, Switzerland; 19 June 1954) World Cup Appearances 8 (First in 1954) Best result Round 1, all European Championship Appearances 2 (First... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... First international Poland 3 - 0 East Germany (Warsaw, Poland; 21 September 1952) Last International Belgium 0 - 2 East Germany (Brussels, Belgium; 12 September 1990) Biggest win Ceylon 1 - 12 East Germany (Colombo, Ceylon; 12 January 1964) Biggest defeat 0 - 3, 12 times; 1 - 4, three times World Cup Appearances 1... For other uses, see Hampden Park (disambiguation). ... Alistair (Ally) Reid McLeod (26 February 1931- 1 February 2004) was a Scottish professional football player, but was perhaps better known for his time as a football manager. ... The 1978 Football World Cup was held in Argentina. ...


A defeat and a draw in Scotland's first two World Cup group games against Peru and Iran saw calls for Souness, recovered from injury, to play in the critical final group match against the Netherlands. Replacing an established midfield, Souness contributed to a 3-2 victory that nevertheless saw Scotland eliminated from the tournament on goal difference.


Souness played in two further World Cups. The first, in 1982 in Spain, saw Souness play all three group games. His first international goal arrived in the final match prior to elimination, a 2-2 draw with USSR in Malaga. The 1982 Football World Cup was held in Spain. ... Estadio La Rosaleda is a football stadium in Malaga, Spain. ...


A final World Cup appearance came in 1986 in Mexico, at a time when Souness had already been appointed Rangers player-manager. Souness played in defeats to Denmark and West Germany. He was omitted by caretaker manager Alex Ferguson for Scotland's final game against Uruguay. The 1986 Football World Cup was held in Mexico from May 31 to June 29. ... For other persons named Alex Ferguson, see Alex Ferguson (disambiguation). ...


Souness's Scotland career ended after the World Cup after 54 appearances and four goals in almost 12 years.


Managerial career

Rangers

Souness was appointed Rangers' first player-manager in April 1986, signing from Sampdoria for a fee of £300,000 and succeeding Jock Wallace. Financed initially by the club's then owner, Lawrence Marlborough, Souness and club chairman David Holmes embarked upon a bold strategy of reclaiming the footballing ascendancy that Rangers had periodically enjoyed in Scotland. Souness's appointment came after several years of under-performance. The league championship had last been won in season 1977-78, and the early 1980s saw Scottish football dominated by the 'New Firm' of Aberdeen and Dundee United, together with Celtic. For other uses, see Rangers F.C. (disambiguation). ... Categories: Football (soccer) stubs | Italian football clubs ... Jock Wallace (1935 - 1996) was a professional football (soccer) player and manager. ... David Holmes is a Scottish businessman. ... The Scottish Football League Premier Division was, from the mid-1970s until 1998, the top division of the Scottish Football League and the entire Scottish football league system. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... New Firm is the term used to describe the rivalry between Scottish football clubs heaarts]] and hibs]]. The name originates from the 1980s when Hearts and Hibs both had high levels of success in Scottish football at the expense of Scotlands more established clubs Rangers and Celtic, who are... Aberdeen Football Club are a football team from Aberdeen, Scotland, who compete in the Scottish Premier League. ... Dundee United Football Club is a Scottish professional football club located in the city of Dundee. ... Celtic Football Club is a Scottish football club, competing in the Scottish Premier League, the highest form of competition in Scotland. ...


What came popularly to be termed the 'Souness Revolution' began with a slew of major signings from English clubs. Significantly, this reversed the historic pattern of Scotland's most able footballers playing in England. Souness's first season saw the arrival of players such as Terry Butcher, captain of Ipswich Town and an established England international, and Chris Woods of Norwich City, England's second-choice goalkeeper. Subsequent seasons saw the arrival of other English internationals, such as Trevor Steven, Gary Stevens, Trevor Francis and Ray Wilkins. Souness was able to offer the lure of European club competition, at a time - 1985-90 - when English clubs were banned from Europe in the wake of the Heysel Stadium disaster. Rangers profited from this by embarking upon a signing policy which drew on their relative wealth to compete, for the first time, directly with England's most powerful clubs. Terence Ian Terry Butcher (born 28 December 1958 in Singapore) is an English football manager who is currently manager of Brentford having been appointed on 24 April 2007[1]. Also formerly a professional player, he made his name as an uncompromising defender with Ipswich Town and Rangers in the 1980s. ... Ipswich Town Football Club (also known as Ipswich, The Blues, Town or The Tractor Boys) are an English professional football club based in Ipswich, Suffolk. ... Christopher Chris Charles Eric Woods (born November 14, 1959 in Swineshead, Lincolnshire) was a football goalkeeper who was best known for being Peter Shiltons long-time understudy in the England team in the mid to late 1980s. ... Norwich City Football Club (also known as The Canaries) is an English professional football club based in Norwich, Norfolk. ... Trevor Steven (born Berwick-upon-Tweed, England, September 21, 1963) was a highly-regarded England footballer who shot to fame with the all-conquering Everton side of the 1980s. ... Michael Gary Stevens (born in Barrow-in-Furness, England, 27 March 1963) was an English footballer who shot to fame in the great Everton side of the 1980s. ... Trevor John Francis (born April 19, 1954 in Boxhill, Plymouth, England), was a noted footballer and Englands first £1 million player. ... Raymond Colin Wilkins MBE (born September 14, 1956 in Hillingdon, Middlesex) was an English football player, and now a highly respected coach and TV pundit and is the brother of Brighton & Hove Albion manager Dean Wilkins. ... The Heysel Stadium disaster occurred due to football hooliganism in which a retaining wall of the Heysel Stadium in Brussels collapsed on May 29, 1985 during a football match between Liverpool F.C. from England and Juventus F.C. from Italy. ...


Souness's revitalised Rangers quickly began to dominate Scottish football. In his first season, 1986-87 they won the Championship and the League Cup, beating Celtic 2-1 in the Final. Two more Championships were to follow, this time in successive seasons (1988-89 and 1989-90), and a further two League Cup victories, over Aberdeen 3-2 in 1988-89 and Celtic 2-1 in 1990-91. Souness left Rangers, to take over as manager of Liverpool, in 1991, replaced by his assistant, Walter Smith, four games prior to the end of what was to become another championship-winning season. The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...


Souness's time at Ibrox was marked by persistent controversy. His most noteworthy act was the controversial signing of Mo Johnston in 1989. Rangers - historically a team supported by Protestants - were widely held to have implemented for most of the twentieth century a policy of refusing to sign Roman Catholics. Although several previous Rangers players came from Catholic backgrounds (including, at the time of Johnston's signing, John Spencer), their religious background was not made public and none of them were high-profile players. Johnston's arrival at Ibrox was significant because it signaled a very public end to a discriminatory signing policy. It was also significant because Johnston, a former Celtic player and coveted Scottish international, had days earlier at a press conference at Celtic Park publicly announced his decision to return to his former club. Maurice Thomas Mo Johnston (born April 30, 1963 in Glasgow, Scotland) is a former Scottish football striker, who made his name playing with Celtic and Rangers. ... John Spencer (born September 11, 1970 in Glasgow, Scotland) is a former professional football (soccer) who last played in Major League Soccer for the Colorado Rapids. ... This page is about the soccer stadium in Glasgow. ...


Further controversy centred on Souness's dealings with the Scottish Football Association and Scottish League hierarchies. A succession of confrontational after-match comments pitched Souness regularly at loggerheads with both organisations, prompting touchline bans which Souness circumvented in characteristically provocative fashion by naming himself as a substitute, allowing access as a player to the dugout. Souness was later to claim that conflict with officialdom was one of the principal factors precipitating his departure from Ibrox. The Scottish Football Association (SFA) is the governing body for the sport of football in Scotland. ... The Scottish Football League is a league of football teams in Scotland, comprising the Scottish First Division, Scottish Second Division and Scottish Third Division. ... Austria Viennas bench and technical area during a match in 2005 The technical area is the space in which a manager and other coaching personnel are allowed to stand during soccer matches. ...


Souness's appointment as Rangers' manager garnered most attention, but his arrival as a player was also of significance. Souness arrived at Ibrox with a reputation as one of Europe's leading midfielders - a view evidenced by his success at Liverpool and, to a lesser extent, with Sampdoria. His signing was unusual in that Scottish clubs had rarely been able to sign top-quality internationals, including Scots, from other leagues.


Souness's playing career at Ibrox began inauspiciously. His competitive debut - in the opening game of the 1986-87 season, against Hibernian in his hometown of Edinburgh - saw him sent off after two yellow cards in the first 34 minutes. Souness later self-deprecatingly argued that his second booking, for a foul on George McCluskey, had been awarded because "my boot ran up his leg!" [1]. Disciplinary problems - something that had recurred periodically throughout Souness's career - resurfaced on a number of occasions during his time as a player at Rangers. Hibernian Football Club (informally known as Hibs, Hibbies and Hibees) are a Scottish professional football club based in Leith, north Edinburgh. ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ...


Souness made 49 appearances for Rangers. Much of his time as player was blighted by injury. His final appearance as a player was at Ibrox in a 2-0 victory over Dunfermline Athletic in Rangers' last home game of the 1989-90 season, when he brought himself on for the final 20 minutes. Dunfermline Athletic Football Club is a Scottish football team based in Dunfermline, Fife, commonly known as just Dunfermline. ...


In 1990, when Rangers visited McDiarmid Park to take on St. Johnstone, the Glasgow club left their dressing room in such a state that St. Johnstone tea-lady Aggie Moffat was moved to ask, "Would you leave your home like that?"[2] This led to Souness enquiring as to Moffat's ability to tidy up. A verbal ear-bashing from Moffat ensued. McDiarmid Park is the home of St. ... St. ...


Liverpool

The four years which followed were uneventful for Souness and disastrous for Liverpool. There was little success on the field, with only a 2-0 victory in the 1992 FA Cup final over Second Division Sunderland, but poor tactics, ill-judged transfer dealings and poor man management caused the decline of one of the greatest football club in Europe. Liverpool Football Club are an English professional football club based in Liverpool, Merseyside, who play in the Premier League; they are historically the most successful club in the history of English football, having won more trophies than any other English club. ... This article is about the English FA Cup. ... Sunderland Association Football Club is a professional football club, based at the Stadium of Light in Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, in North-East England. ...


Rumours about squabbles in the dressing room between the players and Souness were rife, with Ian Rush famously telling a Sky Sports interviewer that 'teacups being thrown' were nothing new. Souness' only consolation at this time was the fact that he had blooded several new prodigious young talents like Steve McManaman and Robbie Fowler allowing them to play and develop in the first team as compared to all the other senior players whom Souness accused of lacking heart. Sky Sports is the brand name for a group of 9 channels. ... Steven Steve McManaman (born 11 February 1972, in Liverpool, England) is an English former footballer of the 1990s and early 2000s, who played as a winger in a career spanning two of European Footballs biggest club football sides in Liverpool F.C. and Real Madrid. ... Robert Bernard Robbie Fowler, born 9 April 1975 is an English footballer who currently plays for Championship side Cardiff City. ...


Ironically, it was his own heart that literally was under stress. Souness had major heart surgery in 1992, and led his players out at Wembley for the FA Cup final just days after leaving hospital. But there had been controversy over the semi-final against Portsmouth Cardiac surgery is surgery on the heart, typically to correct congenital heart disease or the complications of ischaemic heart disease or valve problems caused by endocarditis. ... Portsmouth Football Club are an English football club based in the south coast city of Portsmouth. ...


The game itself went to a replay and then a penalty shoot-out, and in the event of a victory, an interview was due to be published in The Sun, a British tabloid, with Souness celebrating the win and his own successful surgery. The photograph which accompanied the interview was of Souness, in his hospital ward, kissing his girlfriend with joy at his own recovery and his team's win. This article is about a British tabloid. ...


The interview was due to go in alongside the match report on 14 April 1992 but the late end to the game meant that the deadline for publication was missed and the report, with interview and photograph, went in on 15 April instead - the third anniversary of the Hillsborough disaster. is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Memorial at Hillsborough. ...


Liverpool fans reacted with fury after seeing that the interview was conducted with The Sun - a newspaper which had been boycotted by many people on Merseyside for the intervening years over its reporting of the events at Hillsborough. Although he apologised profusely at the time, Souness has since said that he probably should have resigned. This article is about a British tabloid. ...


He made a full recovery from his heart operation and stayed at Liverpool until January 1994. He quit after an FA Cup defeat against Bristol City and was replaced by Roy Evans. Bristol City Football Club is the best team in the south west and is one of two football league clubs in Bristol, England, (the other being rivals Bristol Rovers the cuckoos who are rubbish). ... Roy Quintin Echlin Evans CBE (born Bootle, Sefton, England, 4th October 1948) was a Liverpool football player who eventually rose through the coaching ranks to become team manager. ...


Galatasaray

He went to manage Galatasaray in Turkey, and again managed to court controversy with local issues - nearly sparking a riot after placing a large Galatasaray flag into the centre circle of the pitch of hated rivals Fenerbahçe after Galatasaray had beaten them in the Turkish Cup final on 24 April 1996. The iconic image of the victor planting the flag drew comparisons with Turkish hero Ulubatli Hasan, who was killed as he planted the Ottoman flag at the end of the Siege of Constantinople. This earned Souness the nickname 'Ulubatli Souness'[3]. For other uses of Galatasaray, see Galatasaray (disambiguation) Galatasaray Spor Kulübü (in English: Galatasaray Sports Club) or Galatasaray SK is a Turkish sports club based in Istanbul which is famous for its football section. ... Fenerbahçe is the name of a district in Kadikoy region of Istanbul, Turkey. ... The Fortis Turkey Cup (formerly Federation Cup and Turkey Cup, Turkish: Fortis Türkiye Kupası) is a football cup competition in Turkish football, run by the Turkish Football Federation since 1962. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Ulubatlı Hasan (1428 — May 29, 1453) was a janissary in the service of Sultan Mehmed II of the Ottoman Empire who achieved legendary status as a heroic Turkish martyr at the successful Siege of Constantinople. ... Ottoman redirects here. ... The 1453 Siege of Constantinople (painted 1499) The Fall of Constantinople was the conquest of that Greek city by the Ottoman Empire under the command of Sultan Mehmed II, on Tuesday, May 29, 1453. ...


Southampton

Souness then returned to England to manage Southampton, but after one season he resigned, citing differences with chairman Rupert Lowe. Probably his most memorable moment was signing Senegalese player Ali Dia, supposedly on the recommendation of former FIFA World Player of the Year and former Liberian striker George Weah. This proved to be a hoax, as when Ali Dia played his only game in the English Premiership as a substitute for Matt Le Tissier, he performed amazingly poorly, and was later substituted himself. Southampton Football Club is a professional English football team, nicknamed The Saints and based in the city of Southampton. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... Rupert Lowe is a British businessman, who was the Chairman of Southampton Football Club from 1996 to 2006. ... Ali Dia is not,in any way,to be confused with the Iranian international Ali Daei Ali Dia (born Dakar, 20 August 1965) is a former amateur Senegalese footballer who once played for English FA Premier League club Southampton, after falsely claiming to be a Senegalese international. ... The FIFA World Player of the Year is a football award given annually to the male and female player who are thought to be the best in the world, based on votes by coaches and captains of international teams. ... Strikers, also known as forwards and attackers, and formerly inside forwards, are the players on a team in football in the row nearest to the opposing teams goal, who are therefore principally responsible for scoring goals. ... George Manneh Oppong Ousman Weah (born October 1, 1966 in Monrovia[1]) is a Liberian politician and former football forward. ... The FA Premier League (often referred to as the Barclays English Premier League for sponsorship reasons) comprises the top 20 football clubs in the league system of English football. ... Matthew Paul Matt Le Tissier (born 14 October 1968) is a retired footballer who played for Southampton and England. ...


After his stint at Southampton, Souness went back to Italy to become the coach at Torino Calcio, but lasted just four months before being fired. Torino Calcio is one of the most popular Italian football clubs, based in Turin. ...


Benfica

In 1997, Souness was signed by SL Benfica's new chairman Vale e Azevedo, who promised to return the club to its old glories. The Scottish manager brought several British players from the Premier League (defenders Steve Harkness and Gary Charles, midfielders Michael Thomas and Mark Pembridge and forwards Dean Saunders and Brian Deane). After two unsuccessful seasons, Souness was sacked. All of Benfica's British footballers (including the previously signed left-back Scott Minto) would also leave the club. Benfica redirects here. ... For the Scottish equivalent see Scottish Premier League The FA Premier League (often referred to as the Barclays Premiership in England and the Barclays English Premier League or just simply The EPL internationally) is a league competition for football clubs located at the top of the English football league system... Steve Harkness (born Carlisle, August 27th 1971) is a former footballer who played for several clubs, most notably Liverpool. ... Gary Charles (born April 13, 1970) is an English former footballer, who played at full back. ... Michael Lauriston Thomas (born August 24, 1967) is an English former footballer. ... Mark Pembridge is a footballer playing for Fulham Football Club in London, England. ... Dean Saunders (born 21 June 1964 in Swansea) was a Welsh footballer and was a prolific forward. ... Brian Deane (born February 7, 1968 in Leeds, Yorkshire, England) is an English footballer. ... Benfica redirects here. ... Scott Christopher Minto (born 6 August 1971 in Heswall) is an English footballer who plays as a left-back and is currently with Rotherham United of League One. ...


Blackburn Rovers

He then became manager of Blackburn Rovers, earning promotion back to the Premiership in his first season. During his four year spell at Blackburn he initially got the very best out of talented youngsters such as Damien Duff, David Dunn and Matt Jansen; he also brought Andy Cole, Brad Friedel, Dwight Yorke and Lucas Neill to the club. Cole and Jansen scored in Blackburn's 2-1 League Cup victory over Tottenham Hotspur in 2002. Blackburn Rovers Football Club are an English Premier League football club based in the town of Blackburn, Lancashire. ... Damien Anthony Duff (born March 2, 1979 in Ballyboden, Dublin) is an Irish footballer. ... David John Ian Dunn (born December 27, 1979 in Great Harwood, England) is an English footballer who currently plays for Blackburn Rovers as a midfielder. ... Jansen celebrates Blackburns League Cup final victory in 2002 Matt Jansen (born October 20, 1977 in Carlisle, England) is an English football player who currently plays for Bolton Wanderers. ... Andrew Alexander Andy Cole (born 15 October 1971 in Nottingham) is an English footballer, who is one of the highest scoring players in the games history. ... Bradley (Brad) Howard Friedel (born May 18, 1971 in Lakewood, Ohio) is an American international football (soccer) goalkeeper who plays for Blackburn Rovers in the English Premier League. ... This article is about Dwight Yorke, the football player. ... Lucas Neill (born March 9, 1978 in Sydney, Australia) is an Australian football (soccer) player who currently plays for West Ham United, and most often plays at right-back or centre-back. ... Tottenham Hotspur Football Club is an English professional football club which plays in the Premier League. ...


He then guided Blackburn to a top 6 finish before a disappointing final season in 2003-2004 in which the club struggled, although they avoided relegation. After less than one month of the following season many Blackburn fans had begun to express grave doubts in Souness' handling of the club. His authoritarian methods had led to the alienation or departure of Yorke, Cole and Dunn. He could not be blamed for the long term loss of Matt Jansen to a motorbike accident or Damien Duff's departure to Chelsea. None of these players however were sufficiently replaced. Vratislav Gresko, Lorenzo Amoruso and Corrado Grabbi were all flops, whilst Steven Reid and Brett Emerton were also disappointing - although both shone for Blackburn after Souness' departure. Fans also became increasingly confused by Souness' tactical decisions. In spite of his undoubted successes at Ewood Park he is regarded with little fondness by the Blackburn faithful. The 2003-2004 season was the 124th season of competitive football in England. ... Jansen celebrates Blackburns League Cup final victory in 2002 Matt Jansen (born October 20, 1977 in Carlisle, England) is an English football player who currently plays for Bolton Wanderers. ... Vratislav Gresko (born July 24, 1977 in Bratislava) is a Slovak football player who currently plays for Blackburn Rovers at left back. ... Lorenzo Pier Luigi Amoruso (born June 28, 1971 in Bari, Italy) is an Italian football defender who is currently without a club. ... Corrado Grabbi also credited as Ciccio Grabbi was born 29 July 1975 in Turin and is an Italian football player. ... Steven John Reid (born 10 March 1981 in Kingston, London England) is an Irish football player who currently plays for Blackburn Rovers and the Republic of Ireland, primarily as a midfielder. ... Brett Michael Emerton (born February 22, 1979 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia) is a football (soccer) player who currently plays for Blackburn Rovers in England. ... Ewood Park is a football stadium in Blackburn, Lancashire and the home of Blackburn Rovers football club. ...


Newcastle United

Souness left Blackburn in 2004 to become manager of Newcastle United. His appointment was controversial as he replaced local hero, Sir Bobby Robson, who had been sacked by the club. Newcastle United Football Club (also known as The Magpies or The Toon) is an English professional football club based in Newcastle upon Tyne, who currently play in the Premier League. ... Sir Robert William Robson Sir Robert William Robson, known as Bobby Robson (born February 18, 1933) is a football manager and former football player. ...


Souness quickly fell out with a number of players including Welsh international Craig Bellamy who left the club to join Souness's former employers, Blackburn, after being farmed out on loan to Celtic. Laurent Robert, Olivier Bernard and Jermaine Jenas are also believed to have left the club on bad terms with Souness. The team finished 14th in the league and despite making it to the semi-finals of the UEFA Cup and the FA Cup, Souness found himself under mounting pressure from Toon supporters. For the rugby league coach and former player, see Craig Bellamy (rugby league). ... Laurent Robert (born May 21, 1975 in Saint Benoît, Réunion) is a French left winger who currently plays for Benfica of the Portuguese SuperLiga. ... Olivier Bernard (born October 14, 1979 in Paris) is a French footballer who currently plays for Newcastle United. ... Jermaine Anthony Jenas (born February 18, 1983 in Nottingham) is an English football midfielder currently playing for Tottenham Hotspur, in the English Premiership. ... The UEFA Cup (also known as European Cup 3, CE3 or C3) is a football competition for European club teams, organized by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). ... This article is about the English FA Cup. ...


Newcastle began the 2005-06 season in poor form but Souness was hoping that the purchase of Michael Owen from Real Madrid on 30 August for an estimated club-record fee of £17 million would help to turn the club's fortunes around. Newcastle recorded a win in the Tyne-Wear derby against Sunderland (3-2), and went on to win their next three games keeping three clean sheets. Souness seemed to be tightening-up Newcastle in defence, with six clean sheets in Newcastle's first 12 games of the season (as many as the whole of the preceding campaign). For other persons named Michael Owen, see Michael Owen (disambiguation). ... Real Madrid Club de Fútbol is a Spanish sports club most widely known for its professional football team based in Madrid. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Souness's decision to pair two of the best England strikers in Alan Shearer and Michael Owen initially appeared shrewd. However, to Souness's misfortune, Michael Owen cracked the fifth metatarsal of his right foot when he clashed with England team-mate Paul Robinson during a 2-0 defeat at Tottenham on 30 December 2005 and was out of action for approximately 2-3 months, adding to the manager's injury woes. Alan Shearer OBE (born 13 August 1970 in Gosforth) is a retired professional English footballer who played as a striker for the England national team and Premiership clubs, Southampton, Blackburn Rovers and Newcastle United. ... For other persons named Michael Owen, see Michael Owen (disambiguation). ... Paul William Robinson (born October 15, 1979 in Beverley[2], England) is an English footballer. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Criticism of Souness's apparent lack of long term planning centred on a threadbare squad and a consequent vulnerability to injury. Expensive signings such as Jean-Alain Boumsong for £8 million and Albert Luque for £10 million failed to make an impression. Jean-Alain Boumsong (born November 14, 1979, in Douala, Cameroon) is a professional football defender who currently plays for Juventus and the French national team. ... Albert Luque Martos (born March 11, 1978 in Terrassa, Catalonia, Spain) is a football player from Spain. ...


By the end of his reign as Newcastle boss, Souness was deeply unpopular with the Newcastle fans, as evidenced by the frequency and vociferousness of "Souness Out" chants. Newcastle were in 15th place in the Premiership table, despite spending of £50m since Souness's arrival, when his contract was terminated on 2 February 2006. He was replaced by Glenn Roeder. is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Glenn Victor Roeder (born December 13, 1955 in Woodford, Essex) is the current manager of Norwich City Football Club. ...


In the report of the Stevens inquiry into football corruption published in June 2007, Souness was criticised for an apparent lack of consistency: In 2006, several allegations were made of corruption in English football by sources inside and outside of the game. ...


“There remains inconsistencies in evidence provided by Graeme Souness - a former manager of the club - and Kenneth Shepherd - apparently acting in an undefined role but not as a club official - as to their respective roles in transfer negotiations.”[4]


Souness issued a statement denying any wrong-doing: "I cannot understand why my name features in this report. I volunteered full information to Quest as a witness and I have heard nothing further from them."[5]


The Stevens enquiry then issued a clarification: "We wish to make it clear that inconsistencies did not exist within the evidence given by Graeme Souness to Quest concerning his role in transfers covered by the Inquiry during his time as manager of Newcastle United FC and neither the Premier League nor do Quest have any concerns in this regard"[6].


In July 2007, Newcastle United was raided by the City of London Police intent on investigating transfer dealings involving Newcastle, Rangers and Portsmouth. The enquiries centre on two Souness transfers - Jean Alain Boumsong and Amady Faye.[citation needed] The Boumsong deal in particular was so odd that it was widely commented upon at the time.[citation needed] Four months after succeeding Sir Bobby Robson as manager, Graeme Souness was in his first transfer window as Newcastle manager. At £8.2m, Boumsong was his first big signing and Souness compared the Frenchman to John Terry and Rio Ferdinand in terms of what he might bring to Newcastle's notoriously fragile defence. The difficulty Souness and Newcastle had in persuading assessors of the worth of the deal was twofold. First, that no other club was known to be challenging Rangers to sign Boumsong and, second, that six months earlier Boumsong had left Auxerre for Rangers on a free transfer.


Newcastle were well aware of Boumsong prior to his departure from Auxerre because Robson had travelled to France to watch him. Robson declined the opportunity to sign the centre-half, even on a free transfer, and his doubts about Boumsong's suitability for British football were confirmed when Newcastle's England striker Alan Shearer was marked by Boumsong in a pre-season game against Rangers and came off to speak in dismissive terms about the Frenchman's lack of physicality.[citation needed]


Shearer, famous for guarded comments, even mentioned Boumsong's previous availability on a free transfer on television and when Boumsong made his Newcastle debut against Yeading in the FA Cup at Loftus Road, and was given a torrid time, doubts over the wisdom of the transfer mushroomed.[citation needed] However when Boumsong was available for transfer under the Bosman ruling, Liverpool were interested in signing him [7]. In football (soccer), the Bosman ruling is a 1995 European Court of Justice decision that allows professional football players in the European Union (EU) to move freely to another club at the end of their term of contract with their present team. ...


The agent in the Boumsong and Faye transfers was Willie McKay. On 7 November 2007, Quest issued the following statement about McKay's dealings: "Further to the key findings from the final Quest report published on 15 June 2007 by the Premier League, Quest would like to emphasise that, in that report, it was clear that no evidence of irregular payments was found in the transfers in the inquiry period which involved the agent Willie McKay. Quest would also like to thank Mr McKay for his cooperation with the inquiry." [8] Willie McKay is a Scottish football agent based in Monaco. ...


Since Newcastle

Souness recently flirted with the idea of succeeding Iain Dowie as manager of Crystal Palace. He was quoted as saying, "I have a lot of time for Simon Jordan and what he is doing at Crystal Palace. We get on. It is certainly something I would be interested in. I'm ready for another challenge and Palace is something that appeals should it arise."[9] However when Jordan offered Souness the job, Souness turned it down, reportedly because of family reasons. He has most recently expressed interest vacant Republic of Ireland job.[10]. Iain Dowie, (born January 9, 1965 in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England), is a football manager and coach, and former professional football player and Northern Ireland international. ... Crystal Palace Football Club is an English professional football team based in the London Borough of Croydon. ... Simon Jordan (born 24 September 1967, Thornton Heath, United Kingdom) is the chairman of Crystal Palace Football Club, a football club who are, as of the 2006-2007 season, in the Championship, the second level of English football. ...


Souness interviewed for the Bolton job recently but again turned it down. He has since had talks about the Leicester and Wigan jobs. Most recently Souness has been interviewed for the almost-vacant Birmingham job and was expected to sign a short term contract to replace Steve Bruce at St. Andrews but instead it went to high flying ex Scotland manager Alex McLeish.


Career after management

Media work

Souness is currently employed as a television analyst on Ireland's RTÉ, having been dismissed as manager of the English Premier League side Newcastle United on 2 February 2006. He also appears regularly as a pundit on Sky Sports, principally on coverage of the Champions League. Radio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ; Irish for Radio and Television of Ireland) is the national publicly-funded broadcaster of Ireland. ... For the Scottish equivalent see Scottish Premier League The FA Premier League (often referred to as the Barclays Premiership in England and the Barclays English Premier League or just simply The EPL internationally) is a league competition for football clubs located at the top of the English football league system... Newcastle United Football Club (also known as The Magpies or The Toon) is an English professional football club based in Newcastle upon Tyne, who currently play in the Premier League. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term Pundit has multiple meanings: A pundit or pandit, in the culture of India, is a master of traditional religious poetry and/or traditional music. ... Sky Sports is the brand name for a group of 9 channels. ... European Cup redirects here. ...


Potential career as a football club owner

Souness has been reportedly looking to purchase and run a football club. In January 2007, he was reported by the Daily Mirror to be heading a £20million consortium to take over Wolverhampton Wanderers Football Club. He attended a Wolves game as a VIP guest, and made a formal offer for the club, asking to see the club's finances. Wolves' chief executive Jez Moxey initially denied this offer, but Souness insisted to the Express & Star newspaper that he had made an offer for the club. The bid was rejected by the Wolves board, who felt it undervalued the club.[11] Souness did not make a repeat offer for the club and it was later sold to another investor. Souness is now linked with a takeover of Southampton Football Club Alternate newspaper: The Daily Mirror (Australia) The Daily Mirror is a popular British tabloid daily newspaper. ... Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C. is a Wolverhampton-based football club playing at Molineux. ... Jez Moxey is, as of February 2007, the CEO of Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C. Category: ... The Express & Star is a right wing leaning evening newspaper based in Wolverhampton, England, publishing 11 different editions covering the Black Country, Birmingham and areas of the wider West Midlands from Tamworth to Kidderminster. ...


Biographies

In 1985, Souness wrote an autobiography called No Half Measures. In 1999 he wrote another book chronicling his post-playing career up to and including his spell at Southampton, entitled Souness: The Management Years. Cover of the first English edition of 1793 of Benjamin Franklins autobiography. ...


Souness's life and views outside football

Private life

Souness has been married to Karen Souness, his second wife, since 1994. Together, the couple have a son, James. Souness also has three children - Chantelle, Fraser, and Jordan - from his previous marriage and two step-children - Daniel and Lauren - from Karen's previous relationship.[12].


Political views

Souness's political views have, at various points in his career, generated comment.


In 1982, Souness and team-mate Sammy Lee made cameo appearances, as themselves, in an episode of the BBC's Liverpudlian drama series Boys From The Blackstuff. Written by Alan Bleasdale, the series offered a critique of Thatcherism - and in particular the large-scale unemployment then evident in urban Britain - apparently at odds with Souness's own Conservative politics.[13] Sammy Lee (born February 7, 1959 in Liverpool) was a diminutive but skilful midfield player in the great Liverpool team of the early 1980s. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Boys from the Blackstuff is a British television drama serial of five episodes, originally transmitted from October 10 to November 7, 1982 on BBC TWO. The serial was written by Liverpudlian playwright Alan Bleasdale, and was a sequel to a television play called The Black Stuff, which he had originally... Alan Bleasdale (born March 23, 1946 in Liverpool, England, UK) is a British television dramatist, best known for several powerful social drama serials based around the lives of ordinary people. ... Margaret Thatcher Thatcherism is the system of political thought attributed to the governments of Margaret Thatcher, British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990. ...


Souness is an opponent of independence for Scotland and a supporter of the Union with England. In 2007, in the lead-up to elections to the Scottish Parliament, Souness was one of 15 prominent current and former footballers named in a newspaper advertisement as opponents of independence.[14] The Acts of Union were twin Acts of Parliament passed in 1707 (taking effect on 26 March) by the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland. ... For the national legislative body up to 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ...


Club honours

Honours as player

Flag of England Tottenham Hotspur

Winners Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ...

The Football Association Youth Challenge Cup is an English football competition run by The Football Association for under-18 sides. ...

Flag of England Middlesbrough

Winners Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ...

From 1892 until 1992, the Football League Second Division was the second highest division overall in English football. ...

Flag of England Liverpool

Winners Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ...

  • 1977-78 European Cup
  • 1978-79 League Championship (Level 1)
  • 1979-80 Charity Shield
  • 1979-80 League Championship (Level 1)
  • 1980-81 Charity Shield
  • 1980-81 League Cup
  • 1980-81 European Cup
  • 1981-82 League Cup
  • 1981-82 League Championship (Level 1)
  • 1982-83 Charity Shield
  • 1982-83 League Cup
  • 1982-83 League Championship (Level 1)
  • 1983-84 League Cup
  • 1983-84 League Championship (Level 1)
  • 1983-84 European Cup

Runner up European Cup redirects here. ... From 1889 until 1992, this was the highest division overall of organized football in England. ... The FA Community Shield (formerly the Charity Shield) is an English association football trophy. ... The Football League Cup, commonly known as the League Cup, is an English football competition. ... European Cup redirects here. ... European Cup redirects here. ...

The European Super Cup (UEFA Super Cup) is at stake in an annual football game between the reigning champions of the UEFA Cup(formally UEFA Cup Winners Cup) and the Champions League. ... Statistics including both Intercontinental Cup (until 2004) and FIFA Club World Championship (2000 and 2005 on, to be renamed FIFA Club World Cup in 2006). ...

Flag of Italy Sampdoria

Winners Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ...

The Coppa Italia Trophy - Coppa in Italian meaning Cup representing the Tournaments title. ...

Flag of Scotland Rangers

Winners Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ...

Runner up The Scottish Football League Cup is a football competition open to all Scottish Football League and Scottish Premier League clubs. ... The Clydesdale Bank Scottish Premier League commonly known as the Scottish Premier League, Premier League or SPL is a professional league competition for football clubs located at the top level of the Scottish football league system - above the Scottish Football League. ...

The Scottish Football Association Challenge Cup[1], usually known as the Scottish Cup, is the national cup knockout competition in Scottish football. ...

Honours as manager

Flag of Scotland Rangers

Winners Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ...

  • 1986-87 Scottish League Cup
  • 1986-87 Scottish Premier League (Level 1)
  • 1987-88 Scottish League Cup
  • 1988-89 Scottish League Cup
  • 1988-89 Scottish Premier League (Level 1)
  • 1989-90 Scottish Premier League (Level 1)
  • 1990-91 Scottish League Cup
  • 1990-91 Scottish Premier League (Level 1) (Left with 5 games to go)

Runner up

  • 1988-89 Scottish Cup
  • 1989-90 Scottish League Cup

Flag of England Liverpool

Winners Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ...

Runner up This article is about the English FA Cup. ...

  • 1992-93 Charity Shield

Flag of Turkey Galatasaray

Winners Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ...

The Turkish Football Cup (Türkiye Kupası) is a football competition in Turkey, organized by the Turkish Football Federation since 1962-1963. ... Turkish Super Cup logo The Turkish Super Cup is an annual football game between the Turkish Premier Super League champion and the Turkish Cup champion. ...

Flag of Portugal Benfica

Runner up Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ...

The Portuguese Liga (pron. ...

Flag of England Blackburn Rovers

Winners Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ...

  • 2001-02 League Cup

Runner up

  • 2000-01 Football League First Division (Level 2) Promotion

Personal honours as a player or manager

In 1998 Souness was included in the Football League 100 Legends list. The Football League 100 Legends is a list of 100 legendary football players produced by The Football League in 1998, to celebrate the 100th season of League football. ...


A poll of 110,000 Liverpool supporters - 100 Players Who Shook The Kop[15], saw Souness placed the ninth most popular player in the club's history. 100 Players Who Shook The Kop is a list compiled by Liverpool Football Club in 2006. ...


Souness is one of 64 players elected to Rangers' official Hall of Fame. The Rangers F.C. Hall of Fame is a list established in 2000 by Rangers chairman, Sir David Murray, to honour the clubs notable players. ...


Souness is one 24 players qualifying for the Scottish national team Hall of Fame. The Scottish Football Hall of Fame was set up in 1988 by the Scottish Football Association. ...


Managerial statistics

Team Nat From To Record
G W L D Win %
Rangers Flag of Scotland April 1, 1986 April 16, 1991 63 39 12 12 61.90
Liverpool Flag of England April 16, 1991 January 28, 1994 157 65 45 47 41.40
Southampton Flag of England July 3, 1996 June 1, 1997 48 14 19 15 29.16
Torino Flag of Italy July 5, 1997 October 12, 1997
Blackburn Rovers Flag of England March 14, 2000 September 6, 2004 212 86 65 61 40.56
Newcastle United Flag of England September 13, 2004 February 2, 2006 83 36 29 18 43.37

For other uses, see Rangers F.C. (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Liverpool Football Club are an English professional football club based in Liverpool, Merseyside, who play in the Premier League; they are historically the most successful club in the history of English football, having won more trophies than any other English club. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Southampton Football Club is a professional English football team, nicknamed The Saints and based in the city of Southampton. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Torino Football Club is one of the most popular Italian football clubs, based in Turin. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Blackburn Rovers Football Club are an English Premier League football club based in the town of Blackburn, Lancashire. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Newcastle United Football Club (also known as The Magpies or The Toon) is an English professional football club based in Newcastle upon Tyne, who currently play in the Premier League. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Hibs and Rangers; Souness being sent off on debut 9.8.86 (Photograph). johnmullen.org.uk. Retrieved on 2007-06-19.
  2. ^ Football: Ferguson fit of pique extends tradition of managerial spats. "The Independent". Retrieved on 2007-06-19.
  3. ^ Ulubatli Souness (In Turkish). www.cimbombom.8k.com. Retrieved on 2007-06-19.
  4. ^ "What Stevens said about each club", www.telegraph.co.uk, 2007-06-16. Retrieved on 2007-06-17. 
  5. ^ "Stevens puts spotlight on the agents", www.telegraph.co.uk, 2007-06-16. Retrieved on 2007-06-17. 
  6. ^ http://edinburghnews.scotsman.com/sport.cfm?id=980622007
  7. ^ http://www.rte.ie/sport/2003/0513/liverpool.html
  8. ^ http://football.guardian.co.uk/News_Story/0,,2207222,00.html
  9. ^ "Souness eyes Eagles job", www.football.co.uk, 2006-05-24. Retrieved on 2007-06-19. 
  10. ^ "Souness turns down Palace", www.holmesdale.net, 2006-06-09. Retrieved on 2007-06-19. 
  11. ^ Souness makes written Wolves bid. BBC Sport website (2007-01-10). Retrieved on 2007-05-11.
  12. ^ The softer side of Toon's hardman. icnetwork.co.uk (2004-11-04). Retrieved on 2007-06-19.
  13. ^ Grant Farred (2002). Long Distance Love: Growing Up a Liverpool Football Club Fan. Journal of Sport & Social Issuesvolume=26. Retrieved on 2007-05-11.
  14. ^ Scottish football stars urge voters to reject independence call. Guardian Unlimited (2007-04-23). Retrieved on 2007-05-11.
  15. ^ 100 Players Who Shook The Kop - The definitive list. www.liverpoolfc.tv (2006-10-8). Retrieved on 2007-06-19.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... BBC Sport is the sports division of the BBC. It became a fully dedicated division of the BBC in 2000. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Guardian Unlimited is a British website owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Graeme Souness & Mike Ellis (1999). Souness: The Management Years. Andre Deutsch. ISBN 0-233-99738-5. 
  • Graeme Souness & Bob Harris (1987). No Half Measures. Grafton Books. ISBN 0-586-07424-4. 

External links

  • Official past players at Liverpoolfc.tv
  • LFC Online profile
  • LFChistory.net Player profile
  • LFChistory.net Manager profile
  • Graeme Souness (playing in Britain) career stats at Soccerbase
  • Graeme Souness (British) management career stats at Soccerbase
  • Middlesbrough Seasonal record (Part 1) 1972/73-1974/75 at Sporting-heroes.net
  • Middlesbrough Seasonal record (Part 2) 1975/76-1977/78 at Sporting-heroes.net
  • Liverpool biography (Part 1) 1978-79 at Sporting-heroes.net
  • Liverpool biography (Part 2) 1979-81 at Sporting-heroes.net
  • Liverpool biography (Part 3) 1981-83 at Sporting-heroes.net
  • Liverpool biography (Part 4) 1983-84 at Sporting-heroes.net
  • Liverpool league appearances 1977/78-1983/84 at Sporting-heroes.net
  • Rangers Seasonal record 1986/87-1990/91 at Sporting-heroes.net
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Reinhard Saftig
Galatasaray SK manager
1995–96
Succeeded by
Fatih Terim
Preceded by
Mário Wilson
Benfica manager
1997–99
Succeeded by
Jupp Heynckes

 
 

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