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Encyclopedia > Gozo
Gozo
The coat of arms for Gozo.
Position
Map highlighting the location of Gozo
Capital Victoria
Minister Giovanna Debono
Area 67 km²
Population (2005)
 - Total 31,000
 - Density 462/km²

Gozo (Maltese: Għawdex) is an island of the Maltese archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea, the island is part of the Southern European country Malta and is the second largest after the island of Malta itself within the archipelago. Compared to its neighbour island, Gozo is more rural and known for its scenic hills, which feature on its coat of arms.[1] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Victoria (also called Rabat) is the capital of Gozo, an island of the Maltese archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Southern Europe is a region of the European continent. ... Map. ... Sign in a rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China An artists rendering of an aerial view of the Maryland countryside: Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank, 1918-1986), Aerial Series: Ploughed Fields, Maryland, 1974, acrylic and mixed materials on apertured double canvas, 52... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ...


A popular nickname of Gozo is the Isle of Calypso, derived from the location of Ogygia in Greek mythological poem Homer's Odyssey.[2] In the myth, the island was controlled by nymph Calypso who detained the hero of the story Odysseus there as prisoner of love for seven years; Gozo is thought to be modern day Ogygia.[3] Ogygia was believed to have been an island in the Mediterranean that sank following a huge and powerful earthquake, which shook the area before the bronze age. ... Beginning of the Odyssey The Odyssey (Greek Οδύσσεια (Odússeia)) is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to the Ionian poet Homer. ... Now hes left to pine on an island, wracked with grief (Odyssey V): Calypso and Odysseus, by Arnold Böcklin, 1883 In Greek mythology Calypso (Greek: Καλυψώ, I will conceal, also transliterated as Kalypsó or Kālypsō), was a naiad, daughter of Atlas who lived on the island of Malta. ... For other meanings, see Odysseus crater, 1143 Odysseus “Ulysses” redirects here. ...


The island itself has a population of around 31,000 people (all of Malta combined has 402,000), and its inhabitants are known as Gozitans. It is rich in historical locations such as the Ġgantija temples, which are the world's oldest free-standing structures, as well as the world's oldest religious structures.[4] This article is about the study of time in human terms. ... Ggantija temple Ä gantija (also Ggantia) is a megalithic temple complex on the Mediterranean island of Gozo (part of Malta). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Various Religious symbols, including (first row) Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Bahai, (second row) Islamic, tribal, Taoist, Shinto (third row) Buddhist, Sikh, Hindu, Jain, (fourth row) Ayyavazhi, Triple Goddess, Maltese cross, pre-Christian Slavonic Religion is the adherence to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual...

Contents

History

Gozo has been inhabited since 5000 BC, when farmers from nearby Sicily crossed the sea to the island;[5] these people were likely part of the native Sicani tribe of Sicily. Due to similar pottery found in both places from the Għar Dalam period, it has been suggested that the first colonists were specifically from the area of Agrigento; however, it is currently indeterminate exactly which part of Sicily the farmers came from. They reached Gozo before Malta, due to the fact that the island is closest to Sicily;[5] they are thought to have first lived in caves on the outskirts of what is now known as Saint Lawrence.[5] (6th millennium BC – 5th millennium BC – 4th millennium BC – other millennia) Events 4713 BC – The epoch (origin) of the Julian Period described by Joseph Justus Scaliger occurred on January 1, the astronomical Julian day number zero. ... Sicily ( in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... The Sicani (or Sikanoi) were an ancient people of Italy who dwelt along the Tiber river. ... Għar Dalam (pronounced ar dàlam in Maltese and meaning Cave of Darkness) is an extraordinary prehistorical cul de sac containing the bone remains of animals that were stranded and subsequently became extinct on Malta at the end of the Ice age. ... This article refers to a colony in politics and history. ... San Lorenzo. ... Saint Lawrence is a village on Gozo Island, Malta. ...


Gozo was an important place for cultural evolution, as during the neolithic period the Ġgantija temples were built; they are regarded as the world's oldest free-standing structures, as well as the world's oldest religious structures, pre-dating Pyramids of Egypt and Stonehenge.[4] The temples' name is Maltese for "belonging to the giants", because legend in Gozitan folklore says the temples were built by giants. Another important Gozitan archaeological site which dates back to the neolithic period is the Xagħra Stone Circle. An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... Ggantija temple Ä gantija (also Ggantia) is a megalithic temple complex on the Mediterranean island of Gozo (part of Malta). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Various Religious symbols, including (first row) Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Bahai, (second row) Islamic, tribal, Taoist, Shinto (third row) Buddhist, Sikh, Hindu, Jain, (fourth row) Ayyavazhi, Triple Goddess, Maltese cross, pre-Christian Slavonic Religion is the adherence to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual... The pyramids of Egypt, some of which are amongst the largest man-made constructions ever conceived, constitute one of the most potent and enduring symbols of Ancient Egyptian civilization. ... For other uses, see Stonehenge (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Legend (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Xagħra Stone Circle, also known as the Brockdorff Circle, is an underground Neolithic temple that was also used for burial, situated in Xagħra, Gozo. ...


In July 1551 Ottomans and Barbary pirates under Turgut Reis and Sinan Pasha invaded and ravaged Gozo and enslaved all of its inhabitants, about 5000, bringing them to Tarhuna Wa Msalata in Libya. Their departure port in Gozo was Mġarr ix-Xini. Year 1551 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Ottoman redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Turgut Reis Turgut Reis (1485-1565) was a Turkish privateer and Ottoman admiral as well as Bey of Algiers; Beylerbey of the Mediterranean; and first Bey later Pasha of Tripoli. ... Tomb of Ottoman admiral Sinan Pasha located at the garden of Mihrimah Sultan Mosque in the Ãœsküdar district of Ä°stanbul Sinan Pasha, (Turkish: Sinan PaÅŸa; full name Sinanüddin Yusuf PaÅŸa, d. ... Slave redirects here. ...


The history of Gozo is strongly coupled with the history of Malta, since Gozo has been governed by Malta within recent history, with the exception of a short period of autonomy, granted to Gozo by Napoleon after his conquest of Malta, between 28 October 1798 and 5 September 1800. Malta has been inhabited since around 5200 BC and a significant pre-historic civilisation existed on the islands before the arrival of the Phoenicians who named the main island Malat, meaning safe haven. // about 5200 BC: People first arrive on Malta. ... Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1798 (MDCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // ON MAY 5 1853 MR.FADER HAD SEX WITH A MAN NAME MR WIEN THEN THEY HAD SON NAMEDMRS COTURE AND MR MANOOGIAN WENT INTO MRS HASKELLS OFFICE NAKED AND DANCED AROUND AND MASTERBATED ON HER CHEST AND SHE LICKED IT OFF THEN THEY HAD ORAL SEEX WITH NAPLOEAN OF...


Demography

In 2005, the island had a population of 31,053, of whom 6,414 live in its capital Victoria, also known as Rabat. The crude birth rate was 7.93, considerably lower than that of 9.59 for Malta. The town with the highest birth rate is San Lawrenz (15.93) and that with the lowest is Xewkija (4.89). Victoria (also called Rabat) is the capital of Gozo, an island of the Maltese archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. ... Saint Lawrence is a village on Gozo Island, Malta. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Geography

Gozo is 67 km² in size, which is approximately the same size as Manhattan. It lies approximately 6 km northwest of the nearest point of Malta, is of oval form, and is 14 km in length and 7.25 km in width. For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ...


Gozo is famed for its character and places of interest. Some of these are the Calypso cave, the Ġgantija Neolithic temples which is the oldest man made structure. It is more picturesque than the larger sister island of Malta, and the land is more fertile. Ggantija temple Ä gantija (also Ggantia) is a megalithic temple complex on the Mediterranean island of Gozo (part of Malta). ...


Gozo's finest attribute is the stunning Ramla Bay, whose lurid orange-red sand and crystal clear turquoise waters make it one of the finest beaches in Europe. Nearby San Blas is another world-class beach. Ramla Bay is located at the bottom of a rich and fertile valley on the northern side of the island of Gozo. ... San Blas is the Spanish name for Saint Blaise. ...

Mġarr Ix-Xini, a view towards Comino and mainland Malta.
Mġarr Ix-Xini, a view towards Comino and mainland Malta.

Download high resolution version (1024x768, 164 KB)Mgarr Ix-Xini panorama - left, on Gozo, there is a watch tower, built in 1658 (so too late for enslaved Gozitans in 1551). ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 164 KB)Mgarr Ix-Xini panorama - left, on Gozo, there is a watch tower, built in 1658 (so too late for enslaved Gozitans in 1551). ... Comino (Maltese: Kemmuna) is an island of the Maltese archipelago between the islands of Malta and Gozo in the Mediterranean Sea, measuring 3. ...

Connection to Malta Island

Gozitans have a very strong identity within Malta as a whole country and Gozo is the only region in Malta which has a Minister responsible for it. Generally speaking, Gozo is more socially conservative than the rest of the country. A minister or a secretary is a politician who holds significant public office in a national or regional government. ...


The construction of a bridge between mainland Malta and Gozo was the subject of controversy for years. In the early 1970s the newly elected Socialist Administration started the building of a bridge between the two islands, but this was stopped after protests from the Gozitan part. There was previously a helicopter service which connected the two, but this ceased recently following privatisation. Map. ...


Currently the island is reachable by ferry boat: ferries cross on a regular basis between the port of Mġarr on Gozo and Ċirkewwa on Malta. This service is used for goods, tourism and commuting (Gozitan students study at the University of Malta). Due to its frequent use, residents of Gozo are able to use the ferry at a subsidised rate, significantly lower than the standard fare. ÄŠirkewwa, is a harbour in the nothernmost part of Malta. ... The University of Malta is the highest teaching institution in the Republic of Malta. ...


Ecclesiastical history

Main article: Diocese of Gozo

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Gozo (in Latin Goulos-Gaudisiensis), comprises the Island of Gozo in the Mediterranean Sea (seventeen miles west of the harbour of Valetta, Malta) and islet of Comino. On a central plateau the ruined fortifications of a mediaeval castle contain the cathedral church and several public buildings. To the south of the castle lies the island's main town whose origins go back to prehistoric times. The town contains several public buildings the most important of which is St George's basilica. This magnificent basilica lies on the site where the earliest evidence of Christianity was discovered. Gozo is an island of the Maltese archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea, second in size to the island of Malta. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Gozo is an island of the Maltese archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea, second in size to the island of Malta. ... Comino (Maltese: Kemmuna) is an island of the Maltese archipelago between the islands of Malta and Gozo in the Mediterranean Sea, measuring 3. ...


Up to the year 1864, Gozo formed part of the Diocese of Malta, but Pius IX, acceding to the repeated prayer of the clergy and the people, erected it into a separate exempt diocese, i.e. immediately subject to the Holy See. On 16 March, 1863, Monsignor Francesco Michele Butigieg, a native of Gozo, was appointed titular Bishop of Lita and deputy auxiliary of the Archbishop-Bishop of Malta, for the Island of Gozo. He was consecrated at Rome on 3 May of the same year, on 22 September, 1864, was created first bishop of the new Diocese of Gozo, and on the 23rd day of the following month made his solemn entry into the new cathedral. Through the efforts of Mgr. Pietro Pace, who was then vicar-general of the diocese, a diocesan seminary was established on the site formerly occupied by the San Giuliano Hospital, the revenues of which were appropriated to the new institution. This seminary was inaugurated 3 November, 1866, and by the express desire of Pope Pius IX placed under the direction of the Jesuits. The Blessed Pope Pius IX, born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, ( May 13, 1792 – February 7, 1878) was pope for a record pontificate of over 31 years, from June 16, 1846 until his death. ... An exemption is a rule or law which excepts certain things from another rule or law. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Bishop Richard Pates, current auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Saint Paul and Minneapolis and the Titular Bishop of Suacia. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A vicar general (often abbreviated VG) is the principal deputy of the bishop of a diocese for the exercise of administrative authority. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ...


On the death of Mgr. Butigieg, Father Micallef, Superior General of the Augustinian Order, was made Bishop of Città di Castello and appointed administrator of the Diocese of Gozo. He left Gozo in May, 1867, and in 1871 became Archbishop of Pisa. His successor to the administration of the diocese was Mgr. Antonio Grech Delicata, titular Bishop of Chalcedon, a native of Malta, who in 1868 was appointed Bishop of Gozo, and as such assisted at the First Vatican Council. Mgr. Grech Delicata's charity towards the poor went so far that he divested himself of his own patrimony. This worthy prelate died on the last day of the year 1876. A Superior General, or General Superior, is the Superior at the head of a whole religious order of congregation. ... Città di Castello is a town in the northern part of the Umbria region of Italy. ... The Duomo at Sunset The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Pisa is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Italy. ... Bishop Richard Pates, current auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Saint Paul and Minneapolis and the Titular Bishop of Suacia. ... Chalcedon (Χαλκηδών, sometimes transliterated as Chalkedon; see also list of traditional Greek place names) was an ancient maritime town of Bithynia, in Asia Minor, almost directly opposite Byzantium, south of Scutari (modern Ãœsküdar). ... The First Vatican Council was summoned by Pope Pius IX by the bull Aeterni Patris of June 29, 1868. ...


On 12 March, 1877, Mgr. Canon Professor Pietro Pace, native of Gozo, was appointed to succeed Mgr. Grech Delicata, and was consecrated at Rome by Cardinal Howard. Under his administration the seminary was augmented by the installation of a meteorological observatory, which was inaugurated by the celebrated Padre Denza, Director of the Vatican Observatory. During this administration an episcopal educational institute for girls was also established, under the care of the Sisters of St. Vincent de Paul, to whom was also entrusted the direction of the annexed orphan asylum. The same bishop provided the diocese with a new episcopal palace and new monasteries, besides laying out large sums of money on the cathedral. is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about scientific observatories. ... The Vatican Observatory (Specola Vaticana) is the astronomical research and educational institution of the Holy See. ... The Daughters or Sisters of Charity of St. ...


In 1889, Mgr. Pace was promoted Archbishop of Rhodes and Bishop of Malta. His successor in the See of Gozo was the Reverend G. M. Camilleri, O.S.A., a native of Valetta (b. 15 March, 1842). Under Mgr. Camilleri's administration the first diocesan synod was celebrated, in October, 1903. This synod was of absolute necessity, as the diocese was still governed under the rules of the Synod of Malta of 1703, and consequently lacked a safe guide adapted to the times. Constitutions and decrees were also promulgated and published which gave new life to the working of the diocese. Rhodes (Greek: Ρόδος Rhódhos; Italian Rodi; [[Ladino language| ) is the largest of the Dodecanese islands in terms of both land area and population, situated in eastern Aegean Sea. ... The Augustinians, named after Saint Augustine of Hippo (died AD 430), are several Roman Catholic monastic orders and congregations of both men and women living according to a guide to religious life known as the Rule of Saint Augustine. ... St Johns Co-Cathedral Valletta, population 7048 (official estimate for 2000), is the capital of Malta. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The cathedral church of Gozo was built in 1697-1703, by Lorenzo Gafa. Its ground plan is in the form of a Latin cross. The Cathedral is also the annual pilgrimage site of the Grand Priory of the Mediterranean of the Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem. Its interior is adorned with fine paintings. The "Massagiere di Maria", an Italian periodical, is recognized in the Diocese of Gozo as the official organ of the sanctuary of the Bl. Virgin ta Pinu.


Currently the Bishop of Gozo is Mgr. Mario Grech.


Notable features

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Category:Gozo

Inland Sea, Gozo on May 28, 2002 The Inland Sea, sometimes called Qawra in Maltese, is a land-locked lagoon of seawater linked to the Mediterranean Sea through a natural, almost gothic arch. ... Fungus Rock on December 25, 2002 Fungus Rock , which also has the affectionate Maltese name Il-Ġebla tal-Ġeneral (the Generals Rock) is a small islet, 60 metres high massive lump of limestone in the entrance to an almost circular black lagoon in Dwejra, on the island... The Azure Window The Azure Window (Maltese: Tieqa Zerqa) is perhaps the Maltese archipelagos most spectacular natural landmark. ... Ramla Bay is located at the bottom of a rich and fertile valley on the northern side of the island of Gozo. ... Fontana (or Il-Fontana) is a village on Gozo Island, Malta, with a population of 846 people (Nov 2005). ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

References

  1. ^ Gozo.gov
  2. ^ IsGozo.ws
  3. ^ Xaghra.com
  4. ^ a b  !!Old Temples Study Foundation (OTSF)
  5. ^ a b c IslandofGozo

External links

  • Gozo Diocese
  • Gozo Regional CommitteeAlternattiva Demokratika
  • Maltese Ministry for Gozo
  • Gozo Business Chamber
  • A Comprehensive Guide and Community Portal
  • PhotoGlobe: Gozo A collection of commented photos together with GPS-based coordinates
  • Gozo Photo Galleries and Webcam
  • Grand Priory of the Mediterranean
  • Gozo for tourists
  • Gozo and Comino on GuidetoMalta.net
  • Gozitan Blogs on gozoblog.com

Coordinates: 36°03′N, 14°15′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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Gozo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1012 words)
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Gozo (in Latin Goulos-Gaudisiensis), comprises the Island of Gozo in the Mediterranean Sea (seventeen miles west of the harbour of Valetta, Malta) and islet of Comino.
On 16 March, 1863, Monsignor Francesco Michele Butigieg, a native of Gozo, was appointed titular Bishop of Lita and deputy auxiliary of the Archbishop-Bishop of Malta, for the Island of Gozo.
The "Massagiere di Maria", an Italian periodical, is recognized in the Diocese of Gozo as the official organ of the sanctuary of the Bl.
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