The Governor of Vatican City is concurrently the President of the Governatorate of Vatican City and sometimes called the President of Vatican City. He is the defacto head of government acting with the powers of a premier or prime minister, administering Vatican City on behalf of its sovereign head of state, the Pope. The current governor is Edmund Cardinal Szoka of the United States, appointed to a first term by Pope John Paul II in 2001 and reappointed to a second term by Pope Benedict XVI in 2005. The head of government is the leader of the government or cabinet. ... A premier is an executive official of government. ... Alternative meaning: Prime Minister (band) A prime minister is the leading member of the cabinet of the top level government in a parliamentary system of government of a country, alternatively A prime minister is an official in a presidential system or semi-presidential system whose duty is to execute the... The State of the Vatican City (Latin: Status Civitatis Vaticanæ), is a landlocked enclave surrounded by the city of Rome in Italy, and the smallest independent state in the world (both in area and in population). ... The adjective sovereign is used to refer to a state of sovereignty. ... A head of state or chief of state is the chief public representative of a nation-state, federation or commonwealth, whose role generally includes personifying the continuity and legitimacy of the state and exercising the political powers, functions and duties granted to the head of state in the countrys... Pope John Paul II has reigned since 22 Oct 1978. ... A governor is an official who heads the government of a colony, state or other sub-national state unit. ... Edmund Casimir Cardinal Szoka (born September 14, 1927) is Archbishop emeritus of Detroit, Michigan, President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State, and President of the Governatorate of Vatican City. ... Official papal image of John Paul II. His Holiness Pope John Paul II, né Karol Józef Wojtyła (born May 18, 1920 in Wadowice, Poland), is the current Pope — the Bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church. ... His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI (in Latin Benedictus XVI) was born Joseph Alois Ratzinger on April 16, 1927. ...
In the British Empire a governor was originally an official appointed by the British monarch (or in fact the cabinet) to oversee one of his colonies and was the (sometimes notional) head of the colonial administration.
The Governor's chief responsibility is for the Defence and External Affairs of the colony.
Royal officers chosen from the highest nobility, provincial and citygovernors (oversight of provinces and cities was frequently combined) were predominantly military positions in charge of defense and policing.
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