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Encyclopedia > Government of Peru
Republic of Peru

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Peru
Image File history File links Escudo_nacional_del_Perú.svg‎ Sumario Origen Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Peru Gallery of sovereign state coats of arms Coat of arms of Peru Wikipedia talk:WikiProject Peru/Archive 1 ... Judicial System Supreme Court of the Republic Superior Courts of Justice Courts of First Instance Courts of Peace Elections Electoral system Peruvian Constituent Assembly elections, 1978 Political Parties APRA List of political parties in Peru Region & Local government Regional Governments Provincial Municipalities Districtal Municipalities Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Politics...


Government
Constitution of Peru
President

Vice President
Council of Ministers (Cabinet)-1... List of presidents of Peru : The Independence War 1821-1822: José de San Martín 1822-1823: José de La Mar 1823: Manuel Salazar y Baquíjano 1823: José de la Riva Agüero 1823-1824: José Bernardo de Tagle 1824-1826: Simón Bolívar 1826-1827: Andrés... Judicial System Supreme Court of the Republic Superior Courts of Justice Courts of First Instance Courts of Peace Elections Presidential elections National elections Peruvian Constituent Assembly elections, 1978 Political Parties A.P.R.A. List of political parties in Peru Region & Local government Regional Governments Governors Provinces, Cities, and Districts... The Presidential Cabinet of Peru or the Council of Ministers is made up of all the Ministers of the State. ...


Congress of the Republic

Judicial System

Supreme Court of the Republic
Superior Courts of Justice
Courts of First Instance
Courts of Peace Congress (Spanish: Congreso) is the name given to Perus unicameral legislature under the current (1993) constitution. ... The Judicial System of Peru usually known as the Judicial Power in Peru, is an organism of the government of the Republic of Peru composed of a hierarchic organization of institutions, that excersice equal justice to all people. ... The Supreme Court of Justice is the highest judicial court in Peru. ... The Superior Courts of Justice or Superior Sectors of Peru are the second highest courts of the Judicial System of Peru. ... The Courts of First Instance are the third hierarchic level organized in the Judicial System of Peru. ... The Courts of Peace are the lowest hierarchic level in the Judicial System of Peru. ...

Elections
Electoral system
Peruvian Constituent
Assembly elections, 1978
Political Parties
APRA
List of political
parties in Peru
Region & Local government
Regional Governments
Provincial Municipalities
Districtal Municipalities

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The government of Peru, as established by the 1993 Constitution, is a presidential representative democratic republic. Elections in Peru provides information pertaining to the election process and the results of Peruvian presidencial elections. ... Judicial System Supreme Court of the Republic Superior Courts of Justice Courts of First Instance Courts of Peace Elections Presidential elections National elections Peruvian Constituent Assembly elections, 1978 Political Parties A.P.R.A. List of political parties in Peru Region & Local government Regional Governments Governors Provinces, Cities, and Districts... Political parties in Peru lists political parties in Peru. ... APRA could refer to the: American Popular Revolutionary Alliance, a Peruvian political party Australian Prudential Regulation Authority Australasian Performing Rights Association This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Political parties in Peru lists political parties in Peru. ... Subnational entity is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy in a varying number of matters. ... Local governments are administrative offices that are smaller than a state or province. ... AMA ANC APU ARE AYA CAJ CUS HUC HUV ICA JUN LAL LAM LIM LOR MDD MOQ PAS PIU PUN TAC TUM SAM UCA Regional Governments, in the Government of Peru, is a government organization which organizes, conducts, and manages, each one of the twenty-five Regions of Peru. ... // Municipalities, in Peru, are the government organizations that govern the provinces and districts of that country. ... // Municipalities, in Peru, are the government organizations that govern the provinces and districts of that country. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... A presidential system, also called a congressional system, is a system of government where an executive branch exists and presides (hence the term) separately from the legislature, to which it is not accountable and which cannot in normal circumstances dismiss it. ... Representative democracy is a form of democracy founded on the exercise of popular sovereignty by the peoples representants. ... Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents

Legislative branch

Main article: Congress of Peru

Congress consists of 120 members of congress (congresistas), who are elected for five year periods in office on a proportional representation basis. To be eligible, candidates must be Peruvian citizens, have passed their 25th birthday, and not have had their right to vote suspended. Congress (Spanish: Congreso) is the name given to Perus unicameral legislature under the current (1993) constitution. ... Proportional representation (sometimes referred to as full representation, or PR), is a category of electoral formula aiming at a close match between the percentage of votes that groups of candidates (grouped by a certain measure) obtain in elections and the percentage of seats they receive (usually in legislative assemblies). ...


Executive branch

Main article: President of Peru

The President of Peru, officially the President of the Republic (Presidente de la República), is the chief of state of Peru and represents the republic in official international matters. The presidential term is five years; incumbents cannot be re-elected for a second consecutive term. The current president is Alejandro Toledo, elected in 2006. List of presidents of Peru : The Independence War 1821-1822: José de San Martín 1822-1823: José de La Mar 1823: Manuel Salazar y Baquíjano 1823: José de la Riva Agüero 1823-1824: José Bernardo de Tagle 1824-1826: Simón Bolívar 1826-1827: Andrés... A head of state or chief of state is the chief public representative of a nation-state, federation or commonwealth, whose role generally includes personifying the continuity and legitimacy of the state and exercising the political powers, functions and duties granted to the head of state in the countrys... Alejandro Toledo (Alejandro Celestino Toledo Manrique) (born 28 March 1946) is a Peruvian politician. ...


Judicial branch

The Judicial branch is headed by the Supreme Court of the Republic that has jurisdiction over the whole nation. The second hierarchic level is made up of the Superior Courts which have jurisdiction over an entire Judicial District which are more or less synonymous to the 25 Regions or Departments of Peru. There are 28 Judicial Districts. The third hierarchic level is formed by the Courts of First Instance (trial court), which have jurisdiction over each province. The fourth and lowest hierarchic level of the Peruvian Judicial Power, are the Courts of Peace who only have jurisdiction over a single district. The Judicial System of Peru usually known as the Judicial Power in Peru, is an organism of the government of the Republic of Peru composed of a hierarchic organization of institutions, that excersice equal justice to all people. ... The Supreme Court of Justice is the highest judicial court in Peru. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Perus territory, according to the Regionalization Law which was passed on November 18th, 2002, is divided into 25 regions (regiones; singular: región). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Courts of First Instance are the third hierarchic level organized in the Judicial System of Peru. ... Map of the Peruvian provinces The provinces of Peru, known in Spanish as provincias, are the second-level administrative subdivisions of the country. ... The Courts of Peace are the lowest hierarchic level in the Judicial System of Peru. ... Districts (span: distrito, distritos) form the third level of Peruvian territorial subdivisions. ...


Suffrage

Main article: Elections in Peru

Voting is obligatory in Peru. The election process is held by the National Jury of Elections and the National Office of Electoral Processes. Elections in Peru provides information pertaining to the election process and the results of Peruvian presidencial elections. ... Peruvian National Jury of Elections The National Jury of Elections (Jurado Nacional de Elecciones, JNE) of Peru is an autonomous constitutional organism, headquartered in Lima. ... National Office of Electoral Processes The National Office of Electoral Processes (Oficina Nacional de Procesos Electorales, ONPE) is the body in charge of organizing elections in Peru. ...


Local governments

AMA ANC APU ARE AYA CAJ CUS HUC HUV ICA JUN LAL LAM LIM LOR MDD MOQ PAS PIU PUN TAC TUM SAM UCA Regional Governments, in the Government of Peru, is a government organization which organizes, conducts, and manages, each one of the twenty-five Regions of Peru. ... // Municipalities, in Peru, are the government organizations that govern the provinces and districts of that country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru_(state). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 3000 BC - 1800 BC: Norte Chico 900 BC - 200 BC: Chavín 300 BC - AD 1480 Moche, Chimu 300 BC - AD 800 Nazca_culture 300 - 1100 Tiwanaku 500 - 1000 Huari 1100 - 1572: Inca Empire 1532 - 1572: Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire 1542 - 1821: Viceroyalty of Peru 1836 - 1839: Peru-Bolivian... The map of the Tahuantinsuyo An Andean bronze bottle made by Chimú artisans from circa 1300 A.D. The Stele from the Chavin Culture, Ancash, Peru Moche pottery, Lambayeque, Peru (Image © PROMPERU, used with permission) The Tiahuanaco Gate of the Sun, Puno, Peru An Andean bronze bottle made by Chim... For the a general view of Inca civilisation, people and culture, see Incas. ... There lies Peru with its riches; Here, Panama and its poverty. ... Created in 1542, the Viceroyalty of Peru (in Spanish, Virreinato del Perú) contained most of Spanish-ruled South America until the creation of the separate viceroyalties of New Granada (now Colombia, Ecuador, Panamá and Venezuela, the last-named previously in the Viceroyalty of New Spain) in 1717 and Río... The economic crisis favored the indigenous rebellion from 1780 to 1781. ... For the conflict between Japan and the Allied powers in Asia and the Pacific Ocean from 1937 to 1945, which included World War II campaigns, see Pacific War. ... Colombia-Peru War theater of operations. ... Combatants Republic of Peru Republic of Ecuador Commanders Gen. ... Combatants Republic of Peru Shining Path Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement Commanders Fernando Belaúnde Terry Alan García Alberto Fujimori Abimael Guzmán Óscar Ramírez Comrade ArtemioVíctor Polay Nestor Cerpa Cartolini It has been estimated that nearly 70,000 people died in the internal conflict in Peru... The demographic history of Peru can be reconstructed through the population censuses carried out throughout the history of Peru. ... // Inca economy was mainly agricultural, although it reached some animal husbandry and mining development. ... This is a list of cities in Peru. ... Safe zone in case of an earthquake. ... This is a list of mountains in Peru. ... Peruvian Physiographic Regions When the Spanish arrived, they divided Peru (because of political reasons) in three main regions: the Coastal region, that is bounded by the Pacific Ocean; the Highlands, that is located on the Andean Heights, and the Jungle, that is located on the Amazonian Jungle. ... This is a list of rivers that are at least partially in Peru. ... The Subdivisions of Peru have changed from time to time, since the nation gained independence from Spain in the early 19th century. ... In October 1998, Peru and Ecuador signed a peace accord which definitively resolved border differences which had, over the years, resulted in armed conflict. ... The Judicial System of Peru usually known as the Judicial Power in Peru, is an organism of the government of the Republic of Peru composed of a hierarchic organization of institutions, that excersice equal justice to all people. ... The national police force in Perú is called Policía Nacional del Perú or PNP. They are the state police force, but serve many of the same roles in the cities that local police forces assume in other countries, such as traffic control at intersections. ... According to the Peruvian Constitution and nationality legislation passed in 1996 as well as an executive order declared in 1997, Peruvian nationality can be passed by birth via jus soli or by registration if born overseas and duly registered at a Peruvian embassy or consulate before the child reaches 18... Judicial System Supreme Court of the Republic Superior Courts of Justice Courts of First Instance Courts of Peace Elections Electoral system Peruvian Constituent Assembly elections, 1978 Political Parties APRA List of political parties in Peru Region & Local government Regional Governments Provincial Municipalities Districtal Municipalities Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Politics... Political parties in Peru lists political parties in Peru. ... The American Popular Revolutionary Alliance (APRA) also known as the Partido Aprista Peruano (Peruvian Aprista Party) is a Peruvian left-wing social democratic political party. ... Union for Peru (Spanish: Unión por el Perú) was originally a liberal or centrist political party in Peru. ... National Unity (Spanish: Unidad Nacional) is a Peruvian political party. ... A lawsuit is a civil action brought before a court in order to recover a right, obtain damages for an injury, obtain an injunction to prevent an injury, or obtain a declaratory judgment to prevent future legal disputes. ... Peru Possible (Spanish: Perú Posible) is a Peruvian political party. ... Judicial System Supreme Court of the Republic Superior Courts of Justice Courts of First Instance Courts of Peace Elections Presidential elections National elections Peruvian Constituent Assembly elections, 1978 Political Parties A.P.R.A. List of political parties in Peru Region & Local government Regional Governments Governors Provinces, Cities, and Districts... Elections in Peru provides information pertaining to the election process and the results of Peruvian presidencial elections. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ... Ajegroup Alicorp Banco de Credito del Peru Cementos Lima Cemento Pacasmayo Empresa Nacional de Ferrocarriles del Peru Wong (supermarket) Saga Falabella Telefonica del Peru Category: ... The electricity sector in Peru has experienced impressive improvements in the past 15 years. ... The Culture of Peru was shaped by the relationship between Hispanic and Amerindian cultures. ... Machu Picchu is a worldwide known example of peruvian architecture. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Peruvian cuisine is considered one of the most diverse in the world and is on par with French, Chinese, and Indian cuisine. ... Almost half of all Peruvians are Amerindian, or 45 percent of the total population. ... In the history of Peruvian literature, the oral indigenous tradition and the technical resources of writing (incorporated by Spaniards) converge in each other. ... Peruvian music is an amalgamation of sounds and styles drawing on the Perus Andean musical roots and Spanish musical influences. ... This is an incomplete list of public holidays in Peru. ... This is a list of famous Peruvians. ... The following are international rankings of Peru. ... For other uses, see Llama (disambiguation). ... View of Machu Picchu Machu Picchu (sometimes called the Lost City of the Inca) is a well preserved Pre-Columbian town located on a high mountain ridge (at an elevation of about 6,750 feet) above the Urubamba valley in modern-day Peru. ...

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