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Encyclopedia > Gouge

Gouge refers to one of several types of cutting tools, in addition to its meaning as a verb (the action of cutting or scooping with or as with a gouge) and its slang meaning (to cheat, defraud, swindle or extort) and, rarely, as a noun meaning a swindler (gouger).

Contents


In Antiquity

In archeology, a gouge is a bifacial or unifacial stone tool with a chisel-like working edge used for woodworking purposes; some may also have been used to remove marrow from bones. Gouges are generally triangular in shape, with the working edge—characteristically steep-angled—appearing at the wide base of the triangle. The opposite edge, at the point of the triangle, was the hafted end; the tool itself was generally hafted at right angles to the handle. Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Flint biface from Saint-Acheul, France. ... In archeology, a uniface is a specific type of stone tool that has been flaked on one surface only. ... Ancient stone tools A stone tool is, in the most general sense, any tool made of stone. ... A triangle is one of the basic shapes of geometry: a polygon with three vertices and three sides which are straight line segments. ...


Modern tools

A modern gouge is a tool similar to a chisel except its blade edge is not flat, but instead is curved or angled in cross-section. The modern version is generally hafted inline, the blade and handle typically having the same long axis. If the angle of the plane of the blade is on the outer surface of the curve the gouge is called an 'incannel' gouge, otherwise it is known as an 'outcannel' gouge. Gouges with angled rather than curved blades are often called 'V-gouges' or 'vee-parting tools'. Variations include 'crank-neck' gouges, 'spoon-bent' gouges, etc. Image:Tool3. ... Steel woodworking chisel. ...


In martial arts

In martial arts or other hand-to-hand combat application, to gouge refers to the act of pulling or pressing certain sensitive areas on the opponent's body, typically using the fingers, but also sometimes with other bodyparts or instruments. Gouging can be accidental, or it can be used as a potent self-defense technique. The most typical types of gouging are fish-hooking and eye-gouging. Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ... Melée generally means hand-to-hand combat or mano-a-mano. ... Self defense refers to actions taken by a person to defend onself, ones property or ones home. ... Fish-hooking is a martial arts term for inserting fingers into the mouth, nostrils or other orifices or lacerations of an opponent, with the intention of pulling and tearing the surrounding tissue. ... Eye-gouging using the thumb Eye-gouging is the act of pressing or tearing the eye using the fingers, other bodyparts, or instruments. ...


In Navy lore

A gouge is the essential piece of information or heart of the matter. A person who is tired of hearing all the extraneous information surrounding a problem might exclaim "Just give me the gouge!"


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Let ’Em Gouge: A Defense of Price Gouging (839 words)
To many, "gouging" is selling something at the highest level that the market will bear regardless of production costs.
By that definition, we are indeed being gouged at the pump.
Gouging thus sets off an economic chain reaction that ultimately remedies the shortages that led to the gouging in the first place.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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