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Encyclopedia > Gotthard Road Tunnel

The St. Gotthard Tunnel in Switzerland is the second longest road tunnel in the world (the longest is Lærdalstunnelen, 24505m). It runs from Göschenen in the north to Airolo in the south, and is just under 17 kilometres in length below the St. Gotthard Pass. It links two Swiss cantons: Uri to the north and Ticino to the south. One of three caves within the 24. ... Göschenen is a small Swiss town on the northern end of the St. ... Categories: Switzerland geography stubs ... The modern concrete span of the Devils bridge (Teufelsbrücke) across the SchÇ’llenen Gorge replaces the older bridge below St. ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... Uri is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ... Ticino is the southernmost canton of Switzerland. ...


This road forms part of the shortest road link from Hamburg, Germany to Sicily in Italy. Position of Hamburg in Germany Hamburgs central broadway Jungfernstieg at the Alster lake, between 1900 and 1914 This article is about the city in Germany. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,700 sq. ...

Contents


History

The widely used expressway tunnel was opened on September 5, 1980, in response to the automobile boom in Switzerland and the popularity of Italy as a travel resort. September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...


On October 24, 2001, a collision of two lorries created a fire in the tunnel, killing eleven. The tunnel was closed for two months after the accident for reparations and clean-up. October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...


Rail tunnels

The St. Gotthard railway tunnel, close but separate from the expressway tunnel, handles rail traffic on the north-south line in Switzerland. It was opened 1882. In this category, however, it is no longer the record-holder. The Seikan Tunnel in Japan and the Channel tunnel between the United Kingdom and France are both in excess of 50km (30mi). The first Gotthard Tunnel, a 15 km long railway tunnel, connects Göschenen and Airolo. ... 1882 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Seikan Tunnel (青函トンネル Seikan Tonneru) is currently the longest railway tunnel in the world, at 53. ... Channel Tunnel The English terminal at Cheriton, from the Pilgrims Way The Channel Tunnel, (French: le tunnel sous la Manche; once popularly nicknamed the Chunnel in English) is a 50-km-long rail tunnel beneath the English Channel at the Straits of Dover, connecting Cheriton in Kent, England and Sangatte...


In a few years to come, a second rail tunnel, the Gotthard Base Tunnel, will be completed (this tunnel is currently under construction, with increasing portions already complete), which will be longer (57 km) and be put into operation for the use of express trains travelling from northern Switzerland to the Ticino area and beyond. The Gotthard Base Tunnel is a railway tunnel under construction in Switzerland. ... Ticino is the southernmost canton of Switzerland. ...


Road conditions

The St. Gotthard tunnel forms part of the A2 motorway in Switzerland, running north from Basel through the tunnel down to Chiasso on the border with Italy. The A2 motorway in Ticino, suspended over viaducts The A2 motorway is a motorway in Switzerland. ... Location within Switzerland Basel (English traditionally: Basle , German: Basel , French Bâle , Italian Basilea ) is Switzerlands third most populous city (188,000 inhabitants in the canton of Basel-City as of 2004; the 690,000 inhabitants in the conurbation stretching across the immediate cantonal and national boundaries made Basel... Chiasso (pronounced Kyah-so) is a town in Switzerland. ...


Traffic flows through only one tunnel, which carries traffic both ways, with each direction allocated only one lane. The tunnel's speed limit is 80 km/h. Kilometre per hour (American spelling: kilometer per hour) is a unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector). ...


The tunnel is heavily used and often home to traffic jams both on the north and south ends. In contrast, another tunnel through the Alps, the San Bernardino road tunnel in the canton of Graubünden, is relatively uncongested and shorter. The road taken on that expressway is actually longer than the direct route through the St. Gotthard tunnel. The San Bernardino road tunnel is a road tunnel on the A13 motorway/motorroad in Switzerland. ... Grisons or Graubünden (German: Graubünden; Italian: Grigioni; Romansh: Grischun) is the largest and easternmost canton of Switzerland. ...


There are also concerns on its safety. Statistics show that due to the nature of the tunnel (only one tunnel at present, with bidirectional traffic flowing without a physical divide), it is more perilous than a standard tunnel (two tunnels, each catering only to multiple lanes going in one direction). As a result accidents are more likely to happen.


In the tunnel, a distance of 150 metres between each car is enforced.


External links

  • Der Gotthard-Strassentunnel (in German)
  • More statistics and facts (in German) (as well as info on a second expressway tunnel)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Saint Gotthard - HighBeam Encyclopedia (421 words)
It is crossed by the St. Gotthard Road (built 1820-30).
The Saint Gotthard Road Tunnel was opened in 1980; 10.2 mi (16.4 km) long and with a capacity of 1,500 vehicles per hour, it has greatly improved road transportation between Switzerland and Italy.
Shotcrete Contribution at Gotthard.(design and construction of the Saint Gotthard Alp Transit rail tunnel)
St. Gotthard Pass - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (569 words)
Gotthard Pass (Italian: San Gottardo) is a pass (2108 m) in Switzerland at 46°33.3′N 8°33.9′E, between Airolo, Ticino, and Andermatt, Canton of Uri, connecting the northern (German speaking) part of Switzerland with the Italian-speaking part Ticino, and the route onwards to Milan.
Gotthard Tunnel opened in 1882 for railway traffic at a cost of 727 workers' lives and replaced the pass road.
This tunnel, combined with two shorter tunnels planned near Zürich and Lugano as part of the AlpTransit initiative will reduce the 3hour 40min rail journey from Zürich to Milan by one hour, while increasing the size and number of trains that can operate along the route.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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