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Encyclopedia > Gotlander
Sweden in the 12th century before the incorporation of Finland during the 13th century.      Gutar      Swedes      Geats
Sweden in the 12th century before the incorporation of Finland during the 13th century.      Gutar      Swedes      Geats

The Gotlanders are the population of the island of Gotland. In Swedish, they are also called Gutar an ethnonym originally identical to Goths (Gutans), and both names were originally Proto-Germanic *Gutaniz. Their dialect/language is called Gutnish (Gutniska). Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1650x1950, 478 KB) Map of Scandinavia in 12th century, showing modern borders in grey. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1650x1950, 478 KB) Map of Scandinavia in 12th century, showing modern borders in grey. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... Geats (Gautar Old Norse or Götar in Swedish) is the Old English spelling of the name of a Scandinavian people living in Götaland, land of the Geats, currently within the borders of modern Sweden. ...   is a county and province of Sweden and the largest island in the Baltic Sea. ... Invasion of the Goths: a late 19th century painting by O. Fritsche, is a highly romanticized portrait of the Goths as cavalrymen. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Old Gutnish. ...


Their oldest history is retold in the Gutasaga. The legend goes the the Gutar descended from a man named Þjelvar who was the first to discover Gotland. Þjelvar had a son named HafÞi who wedded a fair maiden by the name of Hvitastjerna. These two were the first to settle on Gotland. HafÞi and Hvitastjerna later begat three children by the name of Guti, Graipr and Gunfjaun. Coming to manhood and after the death of their parents, the brothers divided Gotland into three parts and took each one part, but Guti remained the highest chieften, and gave his name to the land and its people. The Gutasaga was recorded in the 13th century and survives in only a single manuscript, the Codex Holm. ... Þjálfi as depicted in Valhalla, a Danish animated movie from 1986 just before he meets Thor for the first time. ... Guti can refer to: José María Gutiérrez, usually known as Guti, Spanish football (soccer) player Guti, people in ancient Mesopotamia. ...


The Gothic link

It is also related that because of overpopulation one third of the Gutar had to emigrate and settle in southern Europe. Some historians have argued that this tale might be a reminiscensce of the migration of the Goths.

over a long time, the people descended from these three multiplied so much that the land couldn't support them all. Then they draw lots, and every third person was picked to leave, and they could keep everything they owned and take it with them, except for their land. ... they went up the river Dvina, up through Russia. They went so far that they came to the land of the Greeks. ... they settled there, and live there still, and still have something of our language.

The name of the Gotlanders in Old West Norse is Gotar which is same as that used for the Goths. Likewise the old East Norse term for both Goths and Gotlanders seems to have been Gutar.The fact that the ethnonym is identical to Goth may be the reason why they are not mentioned as a special group until Jordanes' Getica, where they may be those who are called Vagoths (see Scandza). However Ptolemy mentions the Goutai as living in the south of the island of Skandia, who could be identical to the Gutar, since the "ou"-sound in Ancient Greek corresponds to the Latin and Germanic "u". Norse is an adjective relating things to Denmark, Norway, Iceland and Sweden. ... Norse is an adjective relating things to Denmark, Norway, Iceland and Sweden. ... The Origin and Deeds of the Goths (Latin: De origine actibusque Getarum), commonly referred to as Getica, was written by Jordanes, probably in Constantinople, and was published in AD 551. ... The Vagoths were a Germanic tribe mentioned by Jordanes. ... Scandza was the name given to Scandinavia by Jordanes, in his work Getica. ... A medieval artists rendition of Claudius Ptolemaeus Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; ca. ...


Certain linguists point out that there are similarities between Gothic and Gutnish that are not found elsewhere in the Germanic languages. Gothic is an extinct Germanic language that was spoken by the Goths. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Old Gutnish. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Trade- and defence agreement with the Swedes

Before the 7th century, the Gutar made a trade and defence agreement with Swedish kings, according to the Gutasaga. This seems to have been due to Swedish military aggressions. Although the Gutar were victorious in these battles, they eventually found it more beneficial (as a nation of traders) to try and negotiate a peace-treaty with the Swedes. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (960 × 1280 pixel, file size: 363 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (960 × 1280 pixel, file size: 363 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Stora Hammar image stone. ... The 7th century is the period from 601 - 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... The semi-legendary kings of Sweden are the long line of Swedish kings who preceded Eric the Victorious, according to sources such as the Norse Sagas, Beowulf, Rimbert, Adam of Bremen and Saxo Grammaticus, but who are of disputed historicity, due to the fact that many of them appear in... The Gutasaga was recorded in the 13th century and survives in only a single manuscript, the Codex Holm. ...

Many kings made war on Gotland while it was heathen, but the Gutar always maintained victory and their rights. Then the Gutar were sending many messengers to Sweden, but none of them succeeded in negotiating a peace, till Awair Strabain from Alva parish. He was the first to make peace with the king of the Swedes.[...] As he was a smooth-tongued man, wise indeed and artful, as the stories of him go, he established a fixed treaty with the Swedish king: 60 marks of silver a year - that is the tax for the Gutar - with 40 for the king, out of that sixty, and the jarls to get 20. This amount had already been decided by agreement of the whole land before he left.
So the Gutar made a trade and defence agreement with the king of the Swedes of their own free will, that they might go anywhere in all areas dominated by the Swedes freely and unfettered by tolls or any duties. So too the Swedes could come to Gotland with no ban on the import of corn, or any other restrictions. The king was to give aid and help whenever they needed it and asked. The king would send messengers to the Gotland national assembly, and the jarls likewise, to collect their tax. These messengers must proclaim freedom to the Gutar to travel in peace over the sea, to all places where the Swedish king held sway. And the same went for anyone travelling there to Gotland.

It gives Awair Strabain as the man who arranged the mutually beneficial agreement with the king of Sweden, and the event would have taken place before the end of the 9th century, when Wulfstan of Hedeby reported that the island was subject to the Swedes:


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gotland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (716 words)
The island province of Gotland is represented by the current administrative entity, Gotland County.
The Gotlandic flag with the Gotlandic national coat of arms, white on red ground, known from the 13th century in the shape of the seal of the Gotlandic Republic with the proud ram.
Gotland is famous for its 92 medieval churches, most of which are restored and in active use.
Gotland County - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (353 words)
Gotland County, or Gotlands län, is a County or län of Sweden.
Gotland is located in the Baltic sea to the east of Öland, and is the largest of Sweden's islands.
Gotland is the only Swedish county that does not have a county council, as well as having only one municipality and one area code.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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