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Encyclopedia > Gothicism

Besides its original meaning, "of or relating to the Goths, a Germanic tribe" and thus the Gothic language and the Gothic alphabet, and aside from its Early Modern connotations of "rough, barbarous," the word Gothic has been used since the 18th century to refer to distinctly different things.


Below are some of the things that Gothic can mean:

  • A style of northern European architecture, see Gothic architecture, Gothic art (for the corresponding style in other art forms), neo-Gothic
  • A British literary genre from the late 18th and early 19th century, with a Victorian revival a hundred years later: see Gothic novel.
  • Gothic script, a form of medieval handwriting
  • Two kinds of typefaces, based on the medieval script:
    • Another name for Blackletter typefaces.
    • Another name for sans-serif typefaces.
  • In the 20th century the word came into use for a certain lifestyle (see Goth), music (see Gothic rock), and fashion (see Gothic fashion).
  • A roleplaying computer game: Gothic (computer game)
  • Gothic, a 1986 film by Ken Russell.
  • Gothic, an album released by the heavy metal/goth metal band Paradise Lost in 1992.
  • Japanese Gothic typeface (ゴシック楷書) is a common printing style in Japanese printing.
  • A chess variant: Gothic Chess.

  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Gothic Architecture (9954 words)
It will be seen that the main dispositions of the Gothic plan are derived from Carolingian developments of Byzantine modifications of the early Christian basilica, itself but an adaptation of that of pagan Rome; from the Lombards, however, had been acquired three elements which were to lie at the base of Gothic construction.
Perhaps the nearest approach to true Gothic feeling and accomplishment is to be found in the unfinished front of Genoa cathedral; being of the twelfth century, it is sufficiently early to have received something of the first great Gothic impulse, and is a masterpiece of delicate relations and exquisite detail.
Thus in the hour of political and economic misfortune, in the midst of the financial ruin and degradation of the Church, was born flamboyant architecture -- the last frail blossom of medieval genius.
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