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Encyclopedia > Gothic rock

This article is about the musical style of gothic rock. For the goth scene in general, see goth subculture. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... This article is about the subculture. ...

Gothic rock
Stylistic origins: Punk rock, post-punk
Cultural origins: Late 1970s England
Typical instruments: Guitar - Bass - Drums (or, quite often, Drum Machine) -Synthesizers
Mainstream popularity: Largely underground, some major visibility since the mid-80s in the UK and Europe
Fusion genres
Dark Cabaret - Deathrock
Other topics
Literature - Culture - Architecture - Fashion - Film

Gothic rock (sometimes called goth rock or simply goth) is a genre of alternative rock that originated during the late 1970s. Originally bands from the genre had strong ties to the English punk rock and emerging post-punk styles. The genre itself was defined as a separate movement from punk rock during the early 1980s. Gothic rock artists deal with dark themes and intellectual movements such as gothic horror, Romanticism, existential philosophy, and nihilism. Notable gothic rock bands include Bauhaus, The Cure, Siouxsie & the Banshees, The Sisters of Mercy and The Mission.Gothic rock gave rise to a broader goth subculture that includes goth clubs, goth fashions, and goth-oriented magazines. Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... A sunburst-colored Precision Bass The electric bass guitar (or electric bass; pronounced , as in base) is a bass stringed instrument played with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. ... For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). ... A Boss DR-202 Drum Machine A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument designed to imitate the sound of drums and/or other percussion instruments. ... Synth redirects here. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Dark cabaret is a music genre that can be traced back to the 1970s and is still played today. ... Deathrock is a term used to identify a subgenre of punk rock and Goth which incorporates elements of horror and spooky atmospheres within a Goth-Punk style and first emerged most prominently in the West Coast of the United States and London during the late 1970s and early 1980s. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Gothic novel. ... This article is about the subculture. ... The western facade of Reims Cathedral, France. ... Gothic fashion is a clothing style worn by members of the Goth subculture. ... “Horror Movie” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Alternative music redirects here. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... The gothic novel is an English literary genre, which can be said to have been born with The Castle of Otranto (1764) by Horace Walpole. ... Romantics redirects here. ... Existentialism is a philosophical movement emphasizing individualism, individual freedom, and subjectivity. ... This article is about the philosophical position. ... Bauhaus are an English rock band formed in Northampton in 1978 by Peter Murphy (vocals), Daniel Ash (guitar), Kevin Haskins (drums) and David J (bass). ... This article is about the band. ... Siouxsie and the Banshees were a British rock band that formed in 1976. ... For the religious organisation of this name, see Sisters of Mercy. ... The Mission (known as The Mission UK in the United States due to a naming clash with a Philadelphia R&B band) is a gothic rock band formed in 1986 from the splinters of the freshly-dissolved rock band The Sisters of Mercy. ... This article is about the subculture. ...

Contents

First generation (c. 1979–c. 1985)

The first generation of gothic rock bands were associated with styles such as punk rock, post-punk, and new wave. Some of the late-1970s and 1980s gothic rock bands created their own record labels or released their material through independent record labels (such as Beggars Banquet Records); however, like punk rock, this was not a general rule, as some bands in the movement also appeared on major labels. Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... New Wave was a music genre that existed during the late 1970s and the early-to-mid 1980s. ... An independent record label is variously described as a record label operating without the funding (or outside the organizations) of the major record labels, and/or a label that subscribes to indie philosophies such as DIY and anti-corporate art. ... Beggars Banquet is an English independent record label that began as a chain of record shops owned by Martin Mills and Nick Austin, and is part of the Beggars Group of labels. ...


Most of the early gothic rock groups were from England, although some bands were from other countries; Christian Death came from Los Angeles, The Virgin Prunes from Ireland, and Xmal Deutschland was from Germany. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Christian Death is a name that originally applied to the pioneering Los Angeles deathrock group formed in 1979. ... The Virgin Prunes was an Irish gothic rock band. ... Xmal Deutschland was a musical group from Hamburg, Germany. ...


United Kingdom

Two early post-punk groups labeled "gothic" were Joy Division[1] and Siouxsie & the Banshees in 1979. Between 1978 and 1979 these bands developed a haunting sound and dark-themed lyrics. Killing Joke and John Lydon's Public Image Ltd also influenced the development of the goth sound. This article is about the band. ... Siouxsie and the Banshees were a British rock band that formed in 1976. ... This article is about the musical group. ... John Joseph Lydon (born 31 January 1956), also known as Johnny Rotten, is an English rock musician. ... Public Image Ltd (PiL) is a band formed in 1978 by John Lydon, formerly and later Johnny Rotten of the Sex Pistols. ...


Siouxsie & the Banshees' output from their debut album The Scream (1978) to Nocturne (1983) were influential on the goth sound. Joy Division was short-lived, due to vocalist Ian Curtis' suicide. Nevertheless their two albums Unknown Pleasures (1979) and Closer (1980) were influential in the gothic scene. The remaining members of Joy Division became New Order, whose first album Movement (1981) continued Joy Division's gothic style. New Order subsequently moved in a more dance oriented direction. The Scream is the debut album by Siouxsie & the Banshees, released in November 1978 on Polydor Records. ... Nocturne is a live album, also available on video of Siouxsie & The Banshees Gothic rock material, featuring Robert Smith (of The Cure) on guitar. ... Ian Kevin Curtis (15 July 1956 – 18 May 1980) was the vocalist and lyricist of the band Joy Division, which he joined in 1976. ... This article is about the album by Joy Division. ... Closer is a 1980 album by Joy Division. ... This article is about the alternative rock/electronic band New Order. ... Movement was New Orders debut album, released in November 1981 on Factory Records. ... For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). ...


As the gothic label began to stick to Joy Division and Siouxsie & the Banshees in 1979, Bauhaus (originally called Bauhaus 1919) then came along. They started out wearing plain jeans and t-shirts, but after appearing on the same bill as Gloria Mundi, Bauhaus ended up having a make over, dressing in all black and wearing make up. Strongly influenced by English Glam rock such as David Bowie and T. Rex, Bauhaus's debut single "Bela Lugosi's Dead" (released in late 1979) is considered to be the beginning of gothic rock proper.[2] Despite their legacy as progenitors of gothic rock, Siouxsie and the Banshees, Joy Division, and the The Cure chiefly self-identified as punk acts at the time.[3] Bauhaus are an English rock band formed in Northampton in 1978 by Peter Murphy (vocals), Daniel Ash (guitar), Kevin Haskins (drums) and David J (bass). ... Gloria Mundi was an early gothic rock band. ... Glam rock (also known as glitter rock), is a style of rock music, which initially surfaced in the post-hippie early 1970s. ... David Bowie (pronounced ) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an English singer, songwriter, actor, multi-instrumentalist, bandleader, producer, arranger, and audio engineer. ... T. Rex (originally known as Tyrannosaurus Rex, also occasionally spelled T Rex or T-Rex), were an English rock band fronted by Marc Bolan. ... Bela Lugosis Dead is an influential gothic rock song (often considered to be the first) written by the band Bauhaus. ... This article is about the band. ...


In 1980 and 1981, Danse Society, Theatre of Hate, March Violets, Play Dead, and The Sisters of Mercy were formed. UK Decay, a late-1970s punk band, influenced the emerging gothic movement of the early 1980s. The first written reference to Goth, as a derivation of the punk scene, was by Steve Keaton in an article about UK Decay, entitled 'The face of punk gothique', for UK rock weekly Sounds. Published on February 21, 1981, Keaton writes that the band’s vocalist, Abbo “once told me that they had a fascination with death (it’s OK he was laughing at the time.) Even so, their imagery is striking and the music is thick with Victorian menace – and Banshee/Antz spice. Could this be the coming of Punk Gothique? With Bauhaus flying in on similar wings could it be the next big thing?” Keaton concludes: “Punk Gothique? It’s looking just fine.” In February 1981, Abbo from UK Decay used the term gothic to describe the style of bands such as Danse Society and Play Dead. A year later, Ian Astbury of the band Southern Death Cult used the term "gothic goblins" to describe Sex Gang Children's fans. However, the term "goth" did not become a label for a movement or "scene" until 1983[1]. The emerging scene was described as "positive punk" in a February 1983 article in the NME magazine. Journalist Richard North described Bauhaus and Theatre of Hate as "the immediate forerunners of today's flood" (which included Southern Death Cult, Sex Gang Children, and Blood & Roses) and declared, "So here it is: the new positive punk, with no empty promises of revolution, either in the rock'n'roll sense or the wider political sphere. Here is only a chance of self awareness, of personal revolution, of colourful perception and galvanisation of the imagination that startles the slumbering mind and body from their sloth."[4] The Danse Society were a postpunk group from the town of Barnsley in Yorkshire of The United Kingdom, active from 1981 to 1987. ... Theatre of Hate is a post-punk band which formed in Britain in 1980. ... The March Violets were an English goth rock band in the 1980s, incorporating singers of both sexes, drum machine rhythms and echoey electric guitar, much in the way of scene mates The Sisters Of Mercy. ... Pictured from left to right: Mark Wiff Smith, Pete Waddleton, Steve Green, and Rob Hickson This image is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... For the religious organisation of this name, see Sisters of Mercy. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Ian Astpurie (born May 14, 1962, in Heswall, Cheshire) is an English rock singer and lyricist. ... Southern Death Cult was a gothic rock band in the early 1980s. ... Sex Gang Children was an early gothic rock group that formed in the early 1980s in Britain. ... For other uses, see NME (disambiguation). ... Southern Death Cult was a gothic rock band in the early 1980s. ... Sex Gang Children was an early gothic rock group that formed in the early 1980s in Britain. ...


The lead singer of the punk band The Damned, Dave Vanian (a former grave digger), sometimes dressed up as a vampire, which may have influenced the gothic fashion stylings of Siouxsie & the Banshees, Bauhaus and The Cure. Siouxsie & the Banshees and The Cure have retained the goth imagery in their on-stage appearance and albums throughout most of their careers, but their music has explored other related genres. After the Nocturne album, Siouxsie's songs became more synthesizer-based. Bauhaus were more consistently gothic in their on-stage appearance and musical styles until their break-up in 1983. Some members of Bauhaus had a side project called Tones on Tail which continued during the mid 1980s, releasing gothic-styled music influenced by The Beach Boys experimental Pet Sounds album and 1970s drug subculture psychedelic music. This article is about the music group. ... David Vanian is and has always been the core of the seminal alternative punk band; The Damned. ... Philip Burne-Jones, The Vampire, 1897 Vampires are mythological or folkloric beings that subsist on human and/or animal lifeforce. ... Gothic fashion is a clothing style worn by members of the Goth subculture. ... Tones On Tail was a musical side project created by Daniel Ash of Bauhaus along with Bauhaus roadie Glen Campling in 1982. ... The Beach Boys are an American rock and roll band. ... Pet Sounds is a 1966 album recorded by American pop group the Beach Boys. ... Psychedelia is a term describing a category of music, visual art, fashion, and culture that is associated originally with the high 1960s, hippies, and the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood of San Francisco, California. ...


By 1982, gothic rock had become a broader sub-culture, with the emergence of bands such as Sex Gang Children, Southern Death Cult, Skeletal Family, Specimen, and Alien Sex Fiend. Clubs such as the Batcave in London contributed to gothic rock's broader scope by providing a venue for the goth scene. The Batcave aimed at reinventing David Bowie's vision of glam rock, but with a darker, horror-influenced twist. Gothic rock band members, hangers-on, and fans socialized at the Batcave, which became the prototype goth club environment. By 1984, Batcave DJs were playing Siouxsie, The Cramps, Sweet, Specimen, Eddie Cochran, and Death Cult. By 1983, the British press began commenting on the gothic rock scene gaining at the Batcave and similar venues. In biology, a subculture in a population of a microorganism is when one microbe colony in such a population is transferred onto blank growth medium and allowed to freely reproduce. ... Sex Gang Children was an early gothic rock group that formed in the early 1980s in Britain. ... Southern Death Cult was a gothic rock band in the early 1980s. ... Out the ashes of The Elements (1980-1982) came the Gothic rock group Skeletal Family in December 1982. ... Johnny Slut Specimen was an 80s British band. ... // Alien Sex Fiend is a gothic rock/deathrock band from the UK. Getting their start at the Batcave club in London in 1982, they quickly became known in the gothic scene for their psychobilly, dark electronic, industrial sound, heavy samples and loops and manic vocals. ... The Batcave, which was held at Gossips in Dean Street (Soho), was an early goth nightclub in London, England. ... DJ or dj may stand for Disc jockey, dinner jacket The DeadJournal website, or Djibouti. ... The Cramps are a punk rock band originally formed in 1972. ... Sweet (referred to as The Sweet on albums before 1974 and singles before 1975) were a popular 1970s British band. ... Ray Edward Eddie Cochran (October 3, 1938 – April 17, 1960) was an American Rock and Roll musician and an important influence on popular music during the late 1950s and early 1960s. ... The Cult are an English rock band, who appeared in their earliest form in Bradford during 1981. ...


Europe and Australia

Goth was as much a continental European phenomenon as it was British or American. At the same time bands like Bauhaus and Christian Death were forming in those countries, bands with dark, gothic musical styles, such as Geisterfahrer (1979), Xmal Deutschland (1980), Leningrad Sandwich (1980), Malaria! (1981), Belfegore (1982), Girls Under Glass (1986) and Pink Turns Blue (1986), were being formed in Germany. Belgium's Siglo XX released a number of albums since 1980. Amsterdam-based Clan of Xymox formed in 1983, and The Essence from Rotterdam followed in 1984. By 1992, Germany developed a large wave and gothic festival, the yearly Wave-Gotik-Treffen in Leipzig. In Finland, the first, the most influential and most popular gothic rock band were Musta Paraati (Black Parade in English), which was active in 1982-84. The first Finnish band to release a gothic rock album in English was Russian Love, founded in 1986. Xmal Deutschland was a musical group from Hamburg, Germany. ... Belfegore was a short-lived European Gothic New Wave band from 1982. ... Girls Under Glass (abbreviated as GUG) is a musical Electro-Industrial-Goth band from Hamburg, Germany. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... Clan of Xymox, also known as Xymox at various parts of their career, are a darkwave/gothic rock band founded in Nijmegen, the Netherlands, in 1983 by Ronny Moorings, Anke Wolbert, and Pieter Nooten. ... Nickname: Motto: Sterker door strijd (Stronger through Struggle) Location of Rotterdam Coordinates: , Country Province Government  - Mayor Ivo Opstelten  - Aldermen Jeannette Baljeu Hamit Karakus Orhan Kaya Lucas Bolsius Jantine Kriens Dominic Schrijer Roelf de Boer Leonard Geluk Area [1]  - Total 319 km² (123. ... Darkwave, also written as dark wave, is an umbrella term which refers to a movement that began in the late 1970s, coinciding with the popularity of new wave. ... Wave-Gotik-Treffen (German das Treffen means meeting) is an annual festival for music and arts in Leipzig, Germany. ... Leipzig ( ; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk from the Sorbian word for Tilia) is, with a population of over 506,000, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. ... Russian Love in 1990 during the release of their second album Flaw In The Cradle. ...


In Australia and New Zealand, Nick Cave's second band, The Birthday Party (c. 1979 and later moving to London), and other post-punk collectives like Foetus Productions (also called The Features/The Foetals, c.1979) influenced the development of gothic music, fashion, and aesthetics. New Zealand's film archive New Zealand Film Archive site states that Foetus Productions operated "...as an audio-visual company from 1980-1989,...part of a small global 'industrial' culture network, which included Throbbing Gristle in Britain, and Survival Research Laboratories on the West Coast of America. They released seven albums, designed clothing, wrote manifestos, made films, and challenged the parameters of music and art, blending pop, industrial and philosophical methodologies. Their music attacked advertising's promulgation of perfect images and lithe bodies using images of medical misadventure and mutation." In 2004, Foetus Productions were still exhibiting their controversial depictions of deformed human beings in museums. Nicholas Edward Cave (born 22 September 1957) is an Australian musician, songwriter, author, screenwriter, and occasional actor. ... The Birthday Party was an Australian post punk rock group, active from 1977 to 1983. ... Aesthetics is commonly perceived as the study of sensory or sensori-emotional values, sometimes called judgments of sentiment and taste. ... Throbbing Gristle (formed on September 3, 1975, in London) are a British Avant-Garde group that evolved from the performance art group COUM Transmissions. ... Survival Research Laboratories (SRL) is an industrial machine performance art group founded by Mark Pauline in November, 1978. ...


Second generation (c. 1985–c. 1995)

In the UK, goth bands became more popular and the subculture grew and broadened. Throughout the 1980s, there was much cross-pollination between the European goth subcultures, the Death Rock movement, and the New Romantic (New Wave) movement. The rise in popularity of alternative rock music in the mid-1980s was mirrored by the rise of gothic rock, most notably in the form of the seminal goth rock bands, The Sisters of Mercy, Fields of the Nephilim (1984), a new version of Christian Death (1985), The Mission (1986), and Mephisto Walz (c.1987) founded by former Christian Death composer / guitarist Barry Galvin (alias Bari Bari). Galvin defined the dark, droning style of Christian Death on the album Atrocities, the songs of which he composed and later transferred to the Mephisto Walz repertoire. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For the religious organisation of this name, see Sisters of Mercy. ... Fields of the Nephilim is a gothic rock band formed in Stevenage, Hertfordshire in 1984. ... Christian Death is a name that originally applied to the pioneering Los Angeles deathrock group formed in 1979. ... The Mission (known as The Mission UK in the United States due to a naming clash with a Philadelphia R&B band) is a gothic rock band formed in 1986 from the splinters of the freshly-dissolved rock band The Sisters of Mercy. ... The band Mephisto Walz was formed in 1985 and have an accomplished and prolific discography, having released several full-length albums over years. ...


By 1985, the post-punk era was giving way to new musical styles, and many of the first generation gothic groups disbanded or changed their style. The Sisters of Mercy's debut album First and Last and Always (1985) cracked the British top ten, which showed the important influence that this 'first generation' goth band was having on the second generation. Vocalist Andrew Eldritch's voice earned him the moniker "the Godfather of Goth", and the bands' use of a drum machine (along with fellow Leeds residents March Violets) was innovative for the goth scene. The Three Johns and Red Lorry Yellow Lorry (also Leeds-based bands) used drum machines as well, which became much more common during the second generation (drum machines continued to be common in goth music in the 2000s). First and Last and Always, the debut album by UK band The Sisters of Mercy was released on March 11, 1985, on bands own label Merciful Release (under distribution contract with WEA). ... A closeup of Eldritch at a concert in Portland, OR, in March of 2006. ... A Boss DR-202 Drum Machine A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument designed to imitate the sound of drums and/or other percussion instruments. ... The March Violets were an English goth rock band in the 1980s, incorporating singers of both sexes, drum machine rhythms and echoey electric guitar, much in the way of scene mates The Sisters Of Mercy. ... The Three Johns were a New Wave band formed in 1981 in Leeds originally consisting of The Mekons co-founder, Jon Langford as well as John Hyatt and Phillip John Brennan. ... Red Lorry Yellow Lorry is a rock band that was formed in Leeds, England in early 1981 by guitarist/songwriter Chris Reed and vocalist Mark Sweeney, along with bassist Steve Smith and drummer Mick Brown (who would later join The Mission UK). ...


During the second wave of goth, the term and the style became noticed in mainstream British publications like The Face and the NME. Goth fans developed fanzines, and goth clubs began to spring up in imitation of London's Batcave. The 1983 vampire-genre film "The Hunger", starring David Bowie, featured an appearance by Bauhaus, which helped to cement the relationship between glam, horror, goth and mainstream. 4AD recording artists such as Clan of Xymox (who had a mainstream hit with "Imagination"), Dead Can Dance, and the Cocteau Twins got US college radio airplay, and 'first generation' acts such as Siouxsie and the Banshees became the goth scene's de facto spokespeople to the mainstream press. A fanzine (also called a zine) is an amateur publication created by fans of a particular cultural phenomena (such as a literary genre or type of music) to address or correspond with others who share their interest. ... Look up mainstream in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Dead Can Dance is a band comprised of Lisa Gerrard and Brendan Perry. ... Cocteau Twins were a Scottish alternative rock band active from 1982 to 1997. ...


By 1987, gothic groups started to emerge in Canadian cities such as Toronto and Montreal, such as Masochistic Religion, which included the singer from Armed and Hammered. Toronto band Exovedate signed with German record label Pandaimonium Records, and their album Seduced by Illusions received airplay in Australia, Russia, the US, Brazil, Guam, Germany, and Canada. St. ... // Armed and Hammered was a hardcore punk band from Toronto, Ontario, spawned from the Kensington Market, BFG (Bunchofuckingoofs) scene. ...


By this time, a cross-pollination with the growing global post-industrial scene was developing. The blending of goth and 'industrial' music scenes and subcultures can be heard in the music of industrial bands such as Skinny Puppy. Depeche Mode's blend of goth, industrial, and pop and synthesized sounds influenced many goth musicians. Synthpop acts such as Camouflage, Secession, Celebrate the Nun, and Red Flag followed Depeche Mode's lead, and eventually gothic music found its way into club music, and synthpop began appearing in goth rock. Post-industrial is a term used to refer to a grouping of music genres related to the original usage of the term Industrial Music by Industrial Records through either influence or direct involvement, such as power noise, power electronics, technoid, types of experimental music and dark ambient. ... Skinny Puppy is a prominent industrial band, formed in Vancouver, BC, Canada in 1982. ... Depeche Mode (pronounced ) are an electronic music band formed in 1980, in Basildon, Essex, England. ... Synthpop is a subgenre of New Wave in which the synthesizer is the dominant musical instrument. ...


Third generation (c. 1995 to the present)

In the 1990s, some of the influential 1980s "first generation" bands were still performing. At the same time, North American bands such as Switchblade Symphony (released by the Cleopatra label) and London After Midnight (released by Metropolis Records label in the USA) began releasing material. New English bands included Children on Stun, All Living Fear, Vendemmian and Rosetta Stone. Other popular goth acts to emerge in the 1990s included The Crüxshadows, The Last Dance, Sunshine Blind and The Shroud. North American redirects here. ... Switchblade Symphony was a San Francisco, United States based darkwave band which was formed in 1989 by composer Susan Wallace and vocalist Tina Root. ... Cleopatra Records is a Los Angeles-based independent record label. ... Sean Brennan London After Midnight (LAM) was formed in the 1990s by Sean Brennan and has retained and nurtured the political and socially aware element of the punk scene that died in the early 90s. ... Children on Stun is the name of a gothic rock band from England. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Porl King is currently operating a poll on the official myspace page http://www. ... The Crüxshadows (Pronounced as IPA: )[3] is an independent music group from Florida. ... The Last Dance is a darkwave rock band from Southern California signed to Dancing Ferret Discs. ... Sunshine Blind is a Goth Trip Hop Rock band started in 1991 by CWHK and Caroline. ... // The Shroud combines modern dark rock with a neo-pagan slant. ...


In Germany, many labels such as Apocalyptic Vision, Apollyon Rekordings, Deathwish Office, Dion Fortune, Glasnost Records, Hyperium Records, Sounds Of Delight, and Talitha Records released Gothic compilations and recordings from bands such as Love Like Blood, Mephisto Walz, The Merry Thoughts, and Two Witches. France produced some new goth bands such as Corpus Delicti and Dead Souls Rising. Thanks to internet communities and broader CD distribution through such a plethora of record companies, fans of these labels and bands were no longer regionally based; the music was becoming more globalized than before. Love Like Blood is a German gothic rock/gothic metal band. ... The band Mephisto Walz was formed in 1985 and have an accomplished and prolific discography, having released several full-length albums over years. ... Corpus Delicti were a gothic rock band active in the early-mid 1990s. ...


In the mid and late 1990s, major record labels, particularly in the United States and Germany, began marketing hard rock and metal acts as "gothic" or "industrial" bands. The formerly underground subcultural aesthetic of goth was incorporated into the sound and image of several popular mainstream bands such as HIM, Marilyn Manson, and more recently Evanescence although these bands did not produce goth rock. The term "goth" became associated in the public's mind with these mainstream bands, the Hot Topic chain, the "mallgoth" aesthetic, and the Columbine school shooting, which led to the US press' subsequent vilification and scrutiny of the goth culture [2] This article refers to the Finnish band. ... Marilyn Manson is a rock band based in Los Angeles, California. ... Evanescence is a Grammy Award-winning American alternative rock band founded in Little Rock, Arkansas in 1998 by singer Amy Lee and former guitarist Ben Moody. ... For the Le Tigre song, see Hot Topic (Song). ... The Columbine High School massacre occurred on April 20, 1999 at Columbine High School in Jefferson County near Littleton, Colorado, United States. ...


Internally, the gothic subculture during this time had come to be dominated more and more by dance club attendance. Goth rock adapted in turn: contemporary dance club goth followed the footsteps of beat-driven industrial music, using many of the same production techniques and aesthetics, though danceable industrial music tended to be "harder" sounding while goth was "softer" sounding, with less distortion and minimal influence from techno and metal. Much modern goth often has the evolutionary feel of New Wave music or synth pop, though there are also "old school" or "first generation" gothic rock or faux-medieval acts. A nightclub (often dance club or club, particularly in the UK) is an entertainment venue which does its primary business after dark. ... It has been suggested that Chicago Industrial be merged into this article or section. ... Synth pop is a style of popular music in which the synthesizer is the dominant musical instrument. ...


Since 2000, some fans have embraced a Death Rock revival, returning to the 1980s music and fashions of the first generation of goth. Bands such as Cinema Strange, Quidam, and Black Ice, along with the website Deathrock.com, have contributed to the revitalization of the first generation-style goth, and Nina Hagen even headlined the 2005 Drop Dead Festival in New York City. The Cure and Bauhaus's high-profile performances since 2004 have also helped to promote the earlier goth sound, characterized by "jangly" guitars and less club-oriented arrangement. Deathrock is a term used to identify a subgenre of punk rock and Goth which incorporates elements of horror and spooky atmospheres within a Goth-Punk style and first emerged most prominently in the West Coast of the United States and London during the late 1970s and early 1980s. ... // Quidam (pronunced key-DAHM, meaning a certain one/thing or anonymous passerby in Classical Latin) is the ninth show produced and performed by Cirque du Soleil. ... Black Ice (Oakland California) was formed in 1999 by Stevenson Sedjwick (legendary Guitarist and Keyboardist of The Phantom Limbs, Factory Of Angst, Bloody Melinda, O.P.B., Electricution Boys, Holy Revolver Society, Oliver Klosoff And The Applicators) and Skot Brown ( legendary bassist and Keyboards of The Phantom Limbs, Anal Kitties... Nina Hagen (born Catharina Hagen on March 11, 1955) is a singer from Berlin, Germany. ...


Though the goth rock has diminished in popularity and its record sales have fallen off, there are still events, labels, and publications supporting it. Dancing Ferret Discs, Projekt Records, and Metropolis Records are releasing goth music in the American market, new Gothic Music is being produced by European labels like Strobelight Records, while the label Cherry Red has been reissuing early goth rock recordings in Europe. Dancing Ferret Discs is a Philadelphia-based record label started in August of 1998. ... Projekt is a Brooklyn, New York based independent record label specializing in gothic rock, ethereal, darkwave, ambient, shoegazer, dream-pop and dark cabaret created by Sam Rosenthal in 1983. ... Metropolis Records is a Philadelphia, Pennsylvania based record label, distributor, and mail-order store specializing in the electro-industrial, synthpop, futurepop, darkwave, and gothic musical genres. ... Strobelight Records is a record label and mail-order seller based in Götzis, Austria. ... Cherry Red is a London based independent record label. ...


Musical styles

As the genre of gothic rock contains sub-genres whose boundaries overlap, it is difficult to identify musical characteristics that are common to all gothic rock. Nonetheless, certain musical styles from early English gothic rock have remained common, such as the guitar tone. In gothic rock, the guitar tone is usually processed with electronic effects. A clean or warmly overdriven guitar sound is processed through chorusing, flanging, analog delay, and/or dense reverb, resulting in a timbre that resembles those used by Bauhaus, Siouxsie and the Banshees, and The Cure. The chorus effect is a condition in the way people perceive nearly the same sound coming from more than one source. ... Flanging is a time-based audio effect that occurs when two identical signals are mixed together, but with one signal time-delayed by a small and gradually changing amount, usually smaller than 20 ms (milliseconds). ... Delay is an audio effect which records an input signal to an audio storage medium, and then plays it back after a period of time[1]. The delayed signal may either be played back multiple times, or played back into the recording again, to create the sound of a repeating... When sound is produced in an enclosed space multiple reflections build up and blend together creating reverberation or reverb. ... Bauhaus are an English rock band formed in Northampton in 1978 by Peter Murphy (vocals), Daniel Ash (guitar), Kevin Haskins (drums) and David J (bass). ... Siouxsie and the Banshees are a British gothic rock band. ... This article is about the band. ...


As well, gothic rock has a characteristic guitar playing style. Gothic rock guitar playing takes its downstroke playing style from punk, and emphasizes angular melodic lines instead of thick chords. Minor keys and minor mode melodies are prevalent, but major keys are also used. The Phrygian mode, with a flattened second scale degree contributes to the gothic sound with its "haunting" and dissonant mood. Gothic rock songs are typically mixed so that there is a heavy bass sound, which creates a moody and gloomy atmosphere. Downpicking is the technique used by musicians that perform on plucked string instruments in which the plectrum, or pick, is moved in a downward motion (negative vertical-velocity component), relative to the position of the instrument, against one or more of the strings to make them vibrate. ... Due to historical confusion, Phrygian mode can refer to two very different musical modes or diatonic scales. ...


Gothic rock often uses repetitive snare drum snap to propel the beat, either a real drum beat or, later on, usually a drum machine beat. The metronomic snare drum sound can be first heard on Iggy Pop's The Idiot. It continues on in Joy Division's songs, Gary Numan's early music, on early Cure CDs (beginning with Seventeen Seconds) and early Sisters of Mercy recordings. More sophisticated variations of the snare drum snap are used by Kevin Haskins in Bauhaus's music.


In the 1990s, some bands in the gothic genre wrote songs with a more hard rock feel, such as the Sisters of Mercy's Vision Thing album, and Fields of the Nephilim, Rosetta Stone, London After Midnight, and The Wake. For the religious organisation of this name, see Sisters of Mercy. ... Vision Thing, the third and last album by UK band The Sisters of Mercy was released in 1990 (1990 in music), on bands own label Merciful Release (under distribution contract with EastWest). ... Fields of the Nephilim is a gothic rock band formed in Stevenage, Hertfordshire in 1984. ... Porl King is currently operating a poll on the official myspace page http://www. ... Sean Brennan London After Midnight (LAM) was formed in the 1990s by Sean Brennan and has retained and nurtured the political and socially aware element of the punk scene that died in the early 90s. ... The Wake Is an American Gothic rock band from Columbus, Ohio. ...


See also

The following is a list of Gothic rock bands which have articles on the English Wikipedia, in alphabetical order. ... This article is about the subculture. ... Gothic fashion is a clothing style worn by members of the Goth subculture. ...

References

For other persons of the same name, see Andrew Collins. ... For other uses, see NME (disambiguation). ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Simon Reynolds (born 1963 in London), is an influential British music critic who is well-known for his writings on electronic dance music and for coining the term post-rock. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Reynolds, Simon. Rip It Up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978-1984. Penguin, 2005. p. 352
  2. ^ Reynolds, Pg. 359
  3. ^ Kilpatrick, Nancy. The Goth Bible
  4. ^ North, Richard. "Punk Warriors." NME. 19 February 1983.

For other uses, see NME (disambiguation). ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ...

External links

  • All Music Guide entry for Gothic Rock
Goth subculture
Gothic rock - Gothic fashion - Goth slang - Gothic aesthetics - Post-Punk
This article is about the subculture. ... Gothic fashion is a clothing style worn by members of the Goth subculture. ... Goth slang is the slang of the goth subculture. ... This article or section is incomplete and may require expansion and/or cleanup. ... Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... Alternative music redirects here. ... Alternative metal is an eclectic form of music that gained popularity in the early 1990s alongside grunge. ... Britpop was a mid-1990s British alternative rock genre and movement. ... C86 is the name of a celebrated cassette compilation released by the British music magazine New Musical Express (NME) in 1986, featuring new bands licenced from independent labels of the time. ... College rock was a term used in the USA to describe 1980s alternative rock before the term alternative came into common usage. ... Dream pop is a type of alternative rock that originated in Britain in the early 1980s, when bands like Cocteau Twins, The Chameleons UK, The Passions, Dead Can Dance, Dif Juz, Lowlife and A.R. Kane (to whom the term has been attributed) began fusing post-punk experiments with bittersweet... Dunedin is a southern New Zealand University Town that spawned The Dunedin Sound. Similar in many ways to the traditional indie pop sound, the Dunedin Sound uses jingly jangly guitaring, minimal bass lines and loose drumming. ... John Flansburgh and John Linnell of They Might Be Giants. ... For the language, see Grebo language. ... Grunge redirects here. ... Indie rock is a subgenre of rock music often used to refer to bands that are on small independent record labels or that arent on labels at all. ... Indie rock is a subgenre of rock music often used to refer to bands that are on small independent record labels or that arent on labels at all. ... Industrial Rock is a musical genre which is a fusion between Industrial Music and specific Rock n Roll subgenres such as Punk, Oi!, Hardcore and later on Hard Rock. ... Jangle pop is a musical genre that began in United States during the middle of the 1960s, combining angular, chiming guitars and power pop structures. ... Lo-fi is a subgenre of indie rock which uses lo-fi recording practices. ... An NME Originals issue covering the Madchester movement. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Noise pop is a term used to loosely describe a number of alternative rock bands that fuse punk rocks attitude and anger with the atonal noise, feedback, and free song structures of noise music, presented in a decidedly pop context. ... Paisley Underground is a term used to describe a genre of rock music, based primarily in Los Angeles, California, which was at its most popular in the mid-1980s. ... Post-grunge is a very diverse subgenre of alternative rock music that emerged in the mid-1990s immediately following the downfall of grunge music as an offshoot. ... The post-punk revival is a movement in modern rock music consisting of Indie Rock, Punk Rock, Goth Rock, and Electronic bands that draw from the conventions of the original Post-Punk sound of the early 1980s, as well as the early 90s Britpop, 80s New Wave and... The term post-rock was coined by Simon Reynolds in issue 123 of The Wire (May 1994) to describe a sort of music using rock instrumentation for non-rock purposes, using guitars as facilitators of timbres and textures rather than riffs and powerchords. ... Riot grrrl (or riot grrl) is an indie/punk feminist movement that reached its height in the 1990s but continues to exert influence over alternative cultures. ... Shoegazing (also known as shoegaze or shoegazer; practitioners referred to as shoegazers) is a genre of alternative rock that emerged from the United Kingdom in the late 1980s. ... The term slowcore, generally used interchangeably with sadcore, refers to a subgenre of alternative rock that developed from the downbeat melodies and slower tempos of late 1980s indie rock. ... For space rocks, see asteroid. ... This is a list of alternative rock artists. ... Campus radio (also known as college radio, university radio or student radio) is a type of radio station that is run by the students of a college, university or other educational institution. ... This is a timeline of alternative rock, from its beginnings in the 1970s to the present. ... In popular music, independent music, often abbreviated as indie, is a term used to describe genres, scenes, subcultures, styles and other cultural attributes in music, characterized by their independence from major commercial record labels and their autonomous, do-it-yourself approach to recording and publishing. ... Lollapalooza is an American music festival featuring rock, alternative rock, hip hop, and punk rock bands, dance and comedy performances, and craft booths. ...

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