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Encyclopedia > Goryeo
고려국 (高麗國)
고려왕조 (高麗王朝)
State of Goryeo

Kingdom



918 – 1392

Taegeuk is a traditional symbol of Korea of Goryeo Unified Silla is the name often applied to the Korean kingdom of Silla after 668. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Alternate meaning: Bohai Sea Balhae (698 - 926) was an ancient kingdom established as the successor to Goguryeo, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Events Taebong has been overthrown and Goryeo established in Korean peninsula. ... Events December 16 - Emperor Go-Kameyama of Japan abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu, ending the nanboku-cho period of competing imperial courts James of Jülich is boiled alive for pretending to be a bishop and ordaining his own priests Korean founder of the Joseon Dynasty General... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Joseon or Chosun (Korean: 조선; Hanja: 朝鮮; Revised: Joseon; McCune-Reischauer: Chosŏn; Chinese: Cháoxiǎn; Japanese: Chōsen) is a name for Korea, as used in the following cases: As part of the name of several ancient kingdoms (including Gojoseon, Gija Joseon, and Wiman Joseon); During most of the Joseon... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Taegeuk is a traditional symbol of Korea The forms of Kukkiwon WTF Taekwondo used to create a foundation for the teaching of Taekwondo. ...

Capital Gaegyeong
37°58′N 126°33′E
Language(s) Korean
Religion Buddhism
Government Monarchy
Wang
 - 918 - 946 Taejo
 - 949 - 975 Gwangjong
 - 1259 - 1274 Wonjong
 - 1351 - 1374 Gongmin
Historical era 918 - 1392
 - Later Three Kingdoms rise 892
 - Coronation of Taejo June 15, 918
 - Korea-Khitan Wars 993 - 1019
 - Mongolian invansions 1231 - 1270
 - Completion of Tripitaka Koreana 1251
 - Abdication of Gongyang July 18, 1392
Goryeo
Celadon incense burner.
Celadon incense burner.
Korean name
Hangul:
고려
Hanja:
高麗
Revised Romanization: Goryeo
McCune-Reischauer: Koryŏ

The Goryeo Dynasty, established in 918, united the Later Three Kingdoms in 935 and ruled Korea until replaced by the Joseon dynasty in 1392. This is a list of national capitals of the world in alphabetical order. ... Kaesong city centre Kaesŏng (Gaeseong) is a city in North Hwanghae Province, North Korea, a former Directly Governed City, and the capital of Korea during the Koryo Dynasty. ... Buddhism is a dharmic, non-theistic religion, which is also a philosophy and a system of psychology. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A monarchy, from the Greek μονος, one, and αρχειν, to rule, is a form of government that has a monarch as head of state. ... Look up monarch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Events Taebong has been overthrown and Goryeo established in Korean peninsula. ... Events Eadred I succeeds his brother as king of England End of the reign of Emperor Suzaku of Japan Emperor Murakami ascends the throne of Japan Births Deaths May 26 - King Edmund I of England Abu-Bakr Muhammad ben Yahya as-Suli Categories: 946 ... Taejo of Goryeo, born Wang Geon, (877-943, r. ... Events Belgian astronomer Jean Meeus asserts that the orbits of all nine planets were within the same 90% arc of the solar system on 1 February 949. ... Events Coronation of King Edward the Martyr Births Deaths July 8 Edgar of England Categories: 975 ... Gwangjong (949-975) was the fourth king (later emperor) of the Goryeo kingdom which ruled Korea from the fall of Silla in 935 until the founding of Joseon in 1392. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... Events May 7 - In France the Second Council of Lyons opens to consider the condition of the Holy Land and to agree to a union with the Byzantine church. ... Wonjong of Goryeo (1214-1274, r. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Suko of Japan, third of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Start of the reign of Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan, fourth of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders May 1 Zürich joins the Swiss Confederation. ... Events June 24 - Dancing mania begins in Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen), possibly due to ergotism King Gongmin is assassinated and King U ascends to the Goryeo throne Births April 11 - Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, heir to the throne of England (died 1398) Leonardo Bruni, Italian humanist (died 1444... King Gongmin ruled Goryeo (Korea) from 1351 until 1374. ... The Later Three Kingdoms of Korea (892-936) consisted of Silla, Hubaekje (later Baekje), and Taebong (also known as Hugoguryeo, or Later Goguryeo). ... Events Poppo of Thuringia, count of the march in Thuringia,is deposed by the German Carolingian king Arnulf of Carinthia Arnulf of Carinthia invades Great Moravia Duke Guido of Spoleto crowned Roman Emperor in April The former Silla general Gyeonhwon attacks the city of Gwangju and declares himself king. ... Taejo of Goryeo, born Wang Geon, (877-943, r. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... Events Taebong has been overthrown and Goryeo established in Korean peninsula. ... The Goryeo-Khitan Wars were a series of 10th- and 11th-century conflicts between the kingdom of Goryeo and Khitan forces near what is now the border between China and North Korea. ... Events July 4 - Saint Ulrich of Augsburg canonized Births Deaths Categories: 993 ... Events Toi invasion: Jurchen pirates invade Kyushu. ... The Mongol invasions of Korea consisted of a series of campaigns by the Mongol Empire against Korea, then known as Koryo, from 1231 to 1259. ... // Events Ardengus becomes bishop of Florence. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... The Tripitaka Koreana (lit. ... Events First Shepherds Crusade Births Deaths Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Castile - Ferdinand III, the Saint King of Castile and Leon (reigned from 1217 to 1252) Categories: 1251 ... Gongyang of Goryeo (1345-1394, r. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... Events December 16 - Emperor Go-Kameyama of Japan abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu, ending the nanboku-cho period of competing imperial courts James of Jülich is boiled alive for pretending to be a bishop and ordaining his own priests Korean founder of the Joseon Dynasty General... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 149 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): History of Korea Celadon Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Jamo redirects here. ... Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. ... The Revised Romanization of Korean (Korean: 국어의 로마자 표기법; 國語의 로마字 表記法) is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. ... McCune-Reischauer romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems, along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which replaced (a modified) McCune-Reischauer as the official romanization system in South Korea in 2000. ... Events Taebong has been overthrown and Goryeo established in Korean peninsula. ... The Later Three Kingdoms of Korea (892-936) consisted of Silla, Hubaekje (later Baekje), and Taebong (also known as Hugoguryeo, or Later Goguryeo). ... Events Václav (Saint Wenceslas), Duke of the Bohemians, murdered by his brother, Boleslav I, who succeeds him Gyeonhwon, the king of Hubaekje, is overthrown by his eldest son Singeom. ... Korea (Korean: 한국 or ì¡°ì„ , see below) is a geographic area, civilization, and former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. ... Territory of Joseon after Jurchen conquest of King Sejong Capital Hanseong Language(s) Korean Religion Confucianism Government Monarchy Wang  - 1392 - 1398 Taejo  - 1418 - 1450 Sejong  - 1776 - 1800 Jeongjo  - 1863 - 1897 Proclaimed Emperor Gojong Yeong-uijeong  - 1431 - 1449 Hwang Hui  - 1466 - 1472 Han Myeonghoe  - 1592 - 1598 Ryu Seongryong  - 1894 Kim Hongjip... Events December 16 - Emperor Go-Kameyama of Japan abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu, ending the nanboku-cho period of competing imperial courts James of Jülich is boiled alive for pretending to be a bishop and ordaining his own priests Korean founder of the Joseon Dynasty General...


Two of this period's most notable products are Goryeo pottery — the famous Korean celadon pottery — and the Tripitaka Koreana — the Buddhist scriptures (Tripitaka) carved onto roughly 80,000 woodblocks. Goryeo also created the world's first metal-based movable type printing press in 1234. Alternate meaning: Celadon (color) Celadon funerary jar from the Three Kingdoms period Celadon is a type of pottery having a pale green glaze. ... The Tripitaka Koreana (lit. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... The Tripitaka (Sanskrit त्रिपिटक, lit. ... The printing press is a mechanical device for printing many copies of a text on rectangular sheets of paper. ...


The name "Goryeo" is a shortened form of "Goguryeo," one of the ancient Three Kingdoms of Korea. The English name "Korea" derives from "Goryeo." See Names of Korea. Goguryeo (traditional founding date 37 BCE; probably 2nd century BCE – 668 CE) was an ancient Korean kingdom located in the northern Korean Peninsula and Manchuria. ... The Three Kingdoms of Korea were Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla, which dominated the Korean peninsula and parts of Manchuria for much of the 1st millennium CE. The Three Kingdoms period in Korea is usually considered to run from the 1st century BCE (specifically 57 BC) until Sillas triumph over... This article examines the varying names of Korean states (modern and historical) as well as the Korean people and geographical region. ...

Contents

History

History of Korea

Gojoseon, Jin
Proto-Three Kingdoms:
 Buyeo, Okjeo, Dongye
 Samhan
  Ma, Byeon, Jin
Three Kingdoms:
 Goguryeo
  Sui wars
 Baekje
 Silla, Gaya
North-South States:
 Unified Silla
 Balhae
 Later Three Kingdoms
Goryeo
 Khitan wars
 Mongol invasions
Joseon
 Japanese invasions
 Manchu invasions
Korean Empire
Japanese occupation
 Provisional Gov't
Division of Korea
 Korean War
North, South Korea Image File history File links Korea_unified_vertical. ... This article is about the history of Korea, through the division of Korea in 1945. ... Gojoseon was an ancient Korean kingdom. ... Jin was an early Iron Age state which occupied some portion of the southern Korean peninsula during the 2nd and 3rd centuries BCE, bordering the Korean kingdom Gojoseon to the north. ... Proto-Three Kingdoms of Korea (원삼국시대, 原三國時代) refers to the period after the fall of Gojoseon and before the maturation of Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla into full-fledged kingdoms. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Okjeo was a small tribal state which arose in the northern Korean peninsula from perhaps 2nd century BC to 5th century AD. Dong-okjeo (East Okjeo) occupied roughly the area of the Hamgyŏng provinces of North Korea, and Buk-okjeo (North Okjeo) occupied the Duman River region. ... Dongye was a state which occupied portions of the northeastern Korean peninsula from roughly 150 BCE to around 400 CE. It bordered Goguryeo and Okjeo to the north, Jinhan to the south, and Chinas Lelang Commandery to the west. ... During the Samhan period, the three confederacies of Mahan, Jinhan, and Byeonhan dominated the southern portion of the Korean peninsula. ... Mahan was a loose confederacy of chiefdoms that existed from around the 1st century BC to the 3rd century CE in the southern Korean peninsula in the Chungcheong Province. ... Byeonhan, also known as Byeonjin (변진, 弁辰), was a loose confederacy of chiefdoms that existed from around the beginning of the Common Era to the 4th century CE in the southern Korean peninsula, in the south and west of the Nakdong River valley. ... Jinhan was a loose confederacy of chiefdoms that existed from around the 1st century BC to the 4th century CE in the southern Korean peninsula, to the east of the Nakdong River valley, Gyeongsang Province. ... The Three Kingdoms of Korea were Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla, which dominated the Korean peninsula and parts of Manchuria for much of the 1st millennium CE. The Three Kingdoms period in Korea is usually considered to run from the 1st century BCE (specifically 57 BC) until Sillas triumph over... Goguryeo (traditional founding date 37 BCE; probably 2nd century BCE – 668 CE) was an ancient Korean kingdom located in the northern Korean Peninsula and Manchuria. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Baekje (or Paekche) and later Nambuyeo (18 BCE – 660 CE) was a kingdom in the southwest of the Korean Peninsula. ... Silla (also spelled Shilla, traditional dates 57 BCE - 935 CE) was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ... Gaya was a confederacy of chiefdoms in the Nakdong River valley of southern Korea, growing out of the Byeonhan confederacy and later annexed by Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ... North South States Period(남북국시대, 南北國時代) refers to the period from the 7th century to the 10th century when Unified Silla and Balhae coexited at the south and the north[1], [2]. Hitherto, this period had been called the period of Unified Silla. ... Unified Silla is the name often applied to the Korean kingdom of Silla after 668. ... Alternate meaning: Bohai Sea Balhae (698 - 926) was an ancient kingdom established as the successor to Goguryeo, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ... The Later Three Kingdoms of Korea (892-936) consisted of Silla, Hubaekje (later Baekje), and Taebong (also known as Hugoguryeo, or Later Goguryeo). ... The Goryeo-Khitan Wars were a series of 10th- and 11th-century conflicts between the kingdom of Goryeo and Khitan forces near what is now the border between China and North Korea. ... The Mongol invasions of Korea consisted of a series of campaigns by the Mongol Empire against Korea, then known as Koryo, from 1231 to 1259. ... Territory of Joseon after Jurchen conquest of King Sejong Capital Hanseong Language(s) Korean Religion Confucianism Government Monarchy Wang  - 1392 - 1398 Taejo  - 1418 - 1450 Sejong  - 1776 - 1800 Jeongjo  - 1863 - 1897 Proclaimed Emperor Gojong Yeong-uijeong  - 1431 - 1449 Hwang Hui  - 1466 - 1472 Han Myeonghoe  - 1592 - 1598 Ryu Seongryong  - 1894 Kim Hongjip... Combatants Joseon Dynasty Korea, Ming Dynasty China, Jurchen tribes Japan under Toyotomi Hideyoshi Commanders Korea: King Seonjo Prince Gwanghae Yi Sun-sin†, Gwon Yul, Yu Seong-ryong, Yi Eok-gi†, Won Gyun†, Kim Myeong-won, Yi Il, Sin Rip†, Gwak Jae-u, Kim Shi-Min† China: Li Rusong† , Li Rubai... The First Manchu invasion of Korea occurred in 1627, when Hong Taiji led the Manchu army against Koreas Joseon dynasty. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Flag of the Japanese Resident General of Korea Anthem: Kimi ga Yoa Korea under Japanese Occupation Capital Keijo Language(s) Korean, Japanese Religion Shintoisma Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor of Japan  - 1910 - 1912 Emperor Meiji  - 1912 - 1925 Emperor Taisho  - 1925 - 1945 Emperor Showa Governor-General of Korea  - 1910 - 1916 Masatake Terauchi... The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was a government in exile based in Shanghai, China and later in Chongqing, during the Japanese occupation of Korea. ... The Korean peninsula, first divided along the 38th parallel, later along the demarcation line The division of Korea into North Korea and South Korea stems from the 1945 Allied victory in World War II, ending Japans 35-year occupation of Korea. ... Combatants United Nations:  Republic of Korea,  Australia,  Belgium,  Luxembourg,  Canada,  Colombia,  Ethiopia,  France,  Greece,  Luxembourg,  Netherlands,  New Zealand,  Philippines,  South Africa,  Thailand,  Turkey,  United Kingdom,  United States Medical staff:  Denmark,  Australia,  Italy,  Norway,  Sweden Communist states:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,  Peoples Republic of China,  Soviet Union Commanders... History of North Korea: Following World War II, Korea, which had been a colonial possession of Japan since 1910, was occupied by the Soviet Union (in the north) and the United States (in the south). ...

Korea Portal

Korean dynasties are listed in the order of their fall. ... Korea has a long military history going back several thousand years, with an extensive series of wars that involved invasions, civil discord, counter-piracy actions against medieval Japan, the first use of armoured battleships in seabattles, and the devastation of rebellions against the Joseon era Japanese invasions, the forced peace... This is a timeline of Korean history. ...

Background

Silla, which had united the Three Kingdoms of Korea in 668, weakened and lost control over local lords during the end of the 9th century. The country entered a period of civil war and rebellion, led by Gung Ye, Gi Hwon, Yang Gil, and Gyeon Hwon. Silla (also spelled Shilla, traditional dates 57 BCE - 935 CE) was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. ... The Three Kingdoms of Korea were Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla, which dominated the Korean peninsula and parts of Manchuria for much of the 1st millennium CE. The Three Kingdoms period in Korea is usually considered to run from the 1st century BCE (specifically 57 BC) until Sillas triumph over... gung ho is derived from the sunny king of ancient Korea known as Gung Ye. ... Gyeon Hwon (867?-936, reigned 900-935) was the king and founder of Hubaekje, one of the Later Three Kingdoms of Korea. ...


Gung Ye established Hugoguryeo (meaning "Later Goguryeo", renamed Taebong). Gyeon Hwon established Hubaekje (meaning "Later Baekje"). Together with the declining Silla, they are known as the Later Three Kingdoms. Goguryeo (traditional founding date 37 BCE; probably 2nd century BCE – 668 CE) was an ancient Korean kingdom located in the northern Korean Peninsula and Manchuria. ... Taebong was a state established by Gung Ye(궁예, 弓裔) on the Korean peninsula in 901, during the Later Three Kingdoms period. ... Hubaekje, or Later Baekje, was one of the Later Three Kingdoms of Korea, along with Hugoguryeo and Silla. ... Baekje (or Paekche) and later Nambuyeo (18 BCE – 660 CE) was a kingdom in the southwest of the Korean Peninsula. ... The Later Three Kingdoms of Korea (892-936) consisted of Silla, Hubaekje (later Baekje), and Taebong (also known as Hugoguryeo, or Later Goguryeo). ...


Founding

Wang Geon, who was a lord of Songak (present-day Gaesong), joined Taebong but overthrew Gung Ye and established Goryeo in 918. [2] Taejo of Goryeo (877-943, r. ... Kaesong city centre Kaesŏng (Gaeseong) is a city in North Hwanghae Province, North Korea (DPRK), a former Directly Governed City, and the capital of Korea during the Koryo Dynasty. ...


The Later Three Kingdoms era ended as Goryeo annexed Silla in 935 and defeated Hubaekje in 936. Wang Geon moved the capital to his hometown Gaeseong, and ruled the Korean peninsula as the first king of Goryeo.


Political structure

The terminology used in the court of Goryeo adopted the system of an empire, not of a kingdom. The capital, Gaeseong, was called "Imperial Capital" (皇都) and the palace was referred to as "Imperial Palace" (皇城). Other terms, such as "Your (Imperial) Majesty" (陛下), "Prince" (太子), "Empress Dowager" (太后), and "Imperial Ordinance" (詔 or 勅) also suggest that Goryeo adopted the title system of an empire. However, Goryeo does not used the term of an "emperor(皇帝)" for rulers, instead a supreme king (大王) was used for the rulers. After the Mongol invasion, Supreme king was not used for posthumous name. Kaesong city centre Kaesŏng (Gaeseong) is a city in North Hwanghae Province, North Korea (DPRK), a former Directly Governed City, and the capital of Korea during the Koryo Dynasty. ... In some Korean religious traditions, Posterity of Heaven or Cheonson (천손, 天孫) designates the Korean people because they are considered the descendants of Heaven or the heavenly god. ...


In order to strengthen the power of the central government, Gwangjong, the fourth supreme king, made a series of laws including that of freeing slaves in 958, and one creating the exam for hiring civil officials. Gwangjong (949-975) was the fourth king (later emperor) of the Goryeo kingdom which ruled Korea from the fall of Silla in 935 until the founding of Joseon in 1392. ... Events Kshemgupta, King of Kashmir dies and is succeeded by his young son Abhimanyu. ...


The fifth supreme king, Gyeongjong (hangul: 경종; hanja: 景宗), launched land-ownership reformation called Jeonsigwa (hangul: 전시과; hanja: 田柴科) and the 6th supreme king Seongjong(성종, 成宗) appointed officials to local areas, which were previously succeeded by the lords. Between 993 and 1019, the Goryeo-Khitan Wars ravaged the northern border. Gyeongjong of Goryeo (955-981, r. ... Seongjong of Goryeo (960-997, r. ... Events July 4 - Saint Ulrich of Augsburg canonized Births Deaths Categories: 993 ... Events Toi invasion: Jurchen pirates invade Kyushu. ... The Goryeo-Khitan Wars were a series of 10th- and 11th-century conflicts between the kingdom of Goryeo and Khitan forces near what is now the border between China and North Korea. ...


By the time of eleventh supreme king Munjong (hangul: 문종; hanja: 文宗), the central government of Goryeo gained complete authority and power over local lords. Munjong and later supreme kings emphasized the importance of civilian leadership over the military. Munjong (hangul:문종, hanja:文宗) was the 11th king of the Goryeo kingdom that ruled Korea from 918 to 1392. ... U.S. President Abraham Lincolns active involvement in the conduct of the American Civil War, which frequently involved pressing his generals to undertake more aggressive actions, set a precedent for the power of the civilian Commander-in-Chief. ...

Amitabha and Eight Great Bodhisattvas, Goryeo scroll from the 1300s
Amitabha and Eight Great Bodhisattvas, Goryeo scroll from the 1300s

Image File history File links Goryeo_Buddhist_painting. ... Image File history File links Goryeo_Buddhist_painting. ...

Assassination and Wars

Supreme king Mokjong of Goryeo, the 7th monarch of Goryeo, was faced with a plot of usurption that was led by his own mother and her lover, Kim Chi-Yang. Kim Chi-Yang went as far down the line as to burning the palace in an attempt to eliminate the supreme king. Supreme king Mokjong called General Gang Jo to come and eliminate Kim Chi-Yang and his follower, which he did. Gang Jo, however, killed the Supreme king after hearing of plots of conspiracy against him. Gang Jo blocked the Liao invasions until his own death. After Kang Jo came General Yoon Gwan, who destroyed the Liao armies and expanded the Goryeo territory for a temporary time. Mokjong of Goryeo (980-1009, r. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Yoon Gwan is a Korean general of Goryeo dynasty, known from expanding the territory of the north-eastern region of the dynasty. ...


Power struggles

The House Yi of Inju (인주 이씨, 仁州李氏) married the supreme kings from Munjong to the 17th supreme king, Injong. Eventually the Yis gained more power than the supreme king himself. This led to the coup of Yi Ja-gyeom in 1126. The coup failed but the power of monarch was weakened; Goryeo underwent a civil war among the nobility. Injong of Goryeo (1109-1146, r. ... Events Rutherglen becomes one of the first Royal Burghs in Scotland. ...


In 1135, Myo Cheong argued to move the capital to Seogyeong (present day P'yŏngyang). This proposal divided the nobilities of Goryeo in half. One faction, led by Myo Cheong, believed in moving the capital to Pyongyang and expanding into Manchuria. The other one, led by Kim Bu-sik (author of the Samguk Sagi), wanted to keep the status quo. Myo Cheong failed to persuade the King and rebelled against the central government, but failed. Events January - Byland Abbey founded Stephen of Blois succeeds King Henry I. Empress Maud, daughter of Henry I and widow of Henry V opposed Stephen and claims the throne as her own Owain Gwynedd of Wales defeats the Normans at Crug Mawr. ... Myo Cheong was an influential Buddhist monk who lived during the Koryo dynasty in Korea. ... Not to be confused with PyeongChang. ... Manchuria (Manchu: Manju; Traditional Chinese: 滿洲; Simplified Chinese: 满洲; pinyin: MÇŽnzhōu, Russian: ) is a vast territorial region in northeast Asia. ... Kim Busik (1075-1151) was an official and a scholar during Koreas Goryeo period. ... We dont have an article called Samguk sagi Start this article Search for Samguk sagi in. ...


In 1170, a group of army officers led by Jeong Jung-bu (정중부, 鄭仲夫) and Yi Ui-bang (이의방, 李義方), launched a coup d'état and succeeded. supreme king Injong went into exile and supreme king Myeongjong (명종,明宗) was made a king. Effective power, however, lay with a succession of generals: Military rule of Goryeo had begun. In 1177, the young general Kyong Taesung rose to power and began an attempt to restore the full power of the monarch and purge the corruption of the state. However, he died in 1184, and was succeeded by the son of a slave Yi Uuimin. His unrestrained corruption and cruelty led to a coup by a more traditionalist general, Choi Chungheon, who assassinated Yi Uimin and took supreme power in 1197. For the next 61 years, the Choe house ruled as military dicators, maintaining the supreme kings as puppet monarchs; Choe Chungheon was succeeded in turn by his son Choi U, his grandson Choi Hang and his greatgrandson Choi Ui. On taking power, Choi Chungheon forced Meyongjong off the throne and replaced him by Supreme king Sinjong, but after Sinjong died he forced two further kings off the throne until he found the pliable Supreme king Gojong. Events December 29: Assassination of Thomas Beckett, Archbishop of Canterbury, in Canterbury cathedral City of Dublin captured by the Normans According to folklore, the Welsh prince Madoc sailed to North America and founded a colony. ... Jeong Jung-bu was a medieval Korean soldier and military dictator during Goryeo Dynasty(918~1392). ... Yi Ui-bang (?-1174) was a military ruler of Korea during the Goryeo period. ... A coup détat (pronounced ), or simply coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government through unconstitutional means by a part of the state establishment — mostly replacing just the high-level figures. ... Injong of Goryeo (1109-1146, r. ... Myeongjong was the third son of King Injong, and king of the Korean kingdom of Goryeo (1170 - 1197). ... Events November 25 - Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Raynald of Chatillon defeat Saladin at the Battle of Montgisard. ... // Events Abbeville receives its commercial charter. ... Choi Chungheon (1149-1219) was a military ruler of Korea during the Goryeo period. ... Events Amalric II succeeds Henry II of Champagne as king of Jerusalem. ... King Sinjong of Goryeo (r. ... Gojong of Goryeo (d. ...


Mongol invasions (1231 - 1259)

See main article: Mongol invasions of Korea

In 1231, Mongolians under Ögedei Khan invaded Goryeo, as part of a general campaign to conquer China. The royal court moved to Ganghwa Island in the Bay of Gyeonggi, in 1232. The military ruler of the time Choe Chung-heon (최충헌, 崔忠獻) insisted on fighting back. Goryeo resisted for about 30 years but finally sued for peace in 1259. On March 1258, the dictator Choi was assassinated by Kim Jun. Thus, the dictatorship by military group was ended, and then the scholars who had insisted peace with Mongol gained power. Eventually, the scholars sent an envoy to Mongol, and a peace treaty was contracted between Mongol and Goryeo. Some military officials who refused to surrender formed the Sambyeolcho Rebellion and resisted in the islands off the southern shore of the Korean peninsula. For about 30 years of war, the Mongols could not conquer Goryeo. The war ended when the peace treaty was concluded after the dictator Choi was murdered by the literary men[1]. The treaty permitted the sovereign power and traditional cultures of Goryeo, and implied that the Mongols gave up conquering Goryeo under Mongolia's direct control[2] After the peace treaty with the Mongols, the Mongols planned to attack Japan by allying Mongol and Goryeo troops; however, it failed due to a heavy storm. The Mongol invasions of Korea consisted of a series of campaigns by the Mongol Empire against Korea, then known as Koryo, from 1231 to 1259. ... Ögedei, (also Ögädäi, Ögedäi, Ogotai, Ogtai, Oktay, Chinese language 窝阔台) (1186-1241), was the third son of Genghis Khan and second Great Khan of the Mongol Empire by succeeding his father. ... The four successor Khanates of the Mongol Empire: Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty), Golden Horde, Il-Khanate and Chagatai Khanate The Yuan Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: Yuáncháo; Mongolian: Dai Ön Yeke Mongghul Ulus), lasting officially from 1271 to 1368, followed the Song Dynasty and preceded the Ming... Ganghwa Island is an island in the estuary of the Han River, on the west coast of South Korea. ... [1]Choe Chung Heon was the first dictator of the Choe Military regime of Goryeo. ... The Sambyeolcho Rebellion (1270-1273) was a Korean rebellion against the Goryeo Dynasty during the Mongol invasion. ... The Korean Peninsula is a peninsula in East Asia. ...


Fall

In 1388, King U planned a campaign to invade present-day Liaoning of China. King U put the general Yi Seong-gye (later Taejo) in charge, but he stopped at the border and rebelled. Goryeo fell to General Yi In 1392. He then established the Joseon Dynasty. U was born in 1363, and ruled Goryeo (Korea) from 1374 until 1388. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Liáoníng) is a northeastern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Taejo of Joseon (1335-1408; r. ... Taejo of Joseon (1335-1408; r. ... Territory of Joseon after Jurchen conquest of King Sejong Capital Hanseong Language(s) Korean Religion Confucianism Government Monarchy Wang  - 1392 - 1398 Taejo  - 1418 - 1450 Sejong  - 1776 - 1800 Jeongjo  - 1863 - 1897 Proclaimed Emperor Gojong Yeong-uijeong  - 1431 - 1449 Hwang Hui  - 1466 - 1472 Han Myeonghoe  - 1592 - 1598 Ryu Seongryong  - 1894 Kim Hongjip...


References

  1. ^ 국방부 군사편찬연구소, 고려시대 군사 전략 (2006) (The Ministry of National Defense, Military Strategies in Goryeo)
  2. ^ 국사편찬위원회, 고등학교국사교과서 p63(National Institute of Korean History, History for High School Students, p64)[1]

See also

  • The History of the Koryo Dynasty[3](高麗史, the 1st source written in Chinese, the file type is PDF.) Seoul National Univ.
  • List_of_Korean_monarchs#Goryeo
  • Names of Korea
  • List of Korea-related topics
  • Korean Pottery: Categorized by Periods

  Results from FactBites:
 
Goryeo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1217 words)
The Goryeo Dynasty established in 918 ruled Korea from the fall of the Unified Silla in 935 until replaced by the Joseon dynasty in 1392.
However, Goryeo does not used the term of an "emperor(皇帝)" for rulers, instead a supreme king (大王) was used for the rulers.
Supreme king Mokjong of Goryeo, the 7th monarch of Goryeo, was faced with a plot of usurption that was led by his own mother and her lover, Kim Chi-Yang.
Wang Go (377 words)
He was a member of the Goryeo royal family and a grandson of King Chungryeol[?].
In 1314 when King Chungseon[?] passed the throne to his son Ratnashri (King Chungsuk[?]), Öljeitü was installed as Crown Prince and sent to the Yuan court as a hostage by rule.
King Chungsuk, who was allowed to return to Goryeo in 1325, passed the throne to Buddhashri in 1330 but was reinstated after two years because Buddhashri was deposed by Yuan.
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