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Encyclopedia > Gorham, Maine

Gorham is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. The population was 14,141 at the 2000 census. In addition to an urban village center known as "Gorham Village" or "the Village," the town also encompasses a number of smaller, unincorporated villages and hamlets with distinct historical identities, including South Gorham, West Gorham, Little Falls, White Rock, and North Gorham. Gorham is home to one of the three campuses of the University of Southern Maine. The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Cumberland County is a county located in the state of Maine. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Little Falls-South Windham is a census-designated place located in Cumberland County, Maine. ... The University of Southern Maine (often shortened to USM) is a multi-campus university component of the University of Maine System, with a primary campus in Gorham, and a full urban satellite campus in Portland. ...

Contents


History

Gorham Academy in 1907

First called Narragansett No. 7, it was one of seven townships granted by the General Court of Massachusetts to soldiers who had fought in the Narragansett War of 1675, also called King Philip's War, and to their heirs. Settled in 1736, by 1743 the first sawmill was established at Little River by John Gorham. Without window-glass, dwellings were constructed of logs chinked with moss and clay. Image File history File links Gorham_Academy,_Gorham,_ME.jpg Summary Gorham Academy in 1907, Gorham, ME; from an old postcard. ... Image File history File links Gorham_Academy,_Gorham,_ME.jpg Summary Gorham Academy in 1907, Gorham, ME; from an old postcard. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Events January 5 - The Battle of Turckeim June 18 - Battle of Fehrbellin August 10 - King Charles II of England places the foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London - construction begins November 11 - Guru Gobind Singh becomes the Tenth Guru of the Sikhs. ... Attack King Philips War was an armed conflict between Native American inhabitants of present-day southern New England and English colonists and their Native American allies from 1675–1676. ... Events January 26 - Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne. ... // Events February 14 - Henry Pelham becomes British Prime Minister February 21 - - The premiere in London of George Frideric Handels oratorio, Samson. ... This article or section should include material from Saw mill A sawmill is a facility where logs are cut into boards. ... For people named Garrison, see Garrison (disambiguation) Garrison House, built by William Damm in 1675 at Dover, New Hampshire Garrison (from the French garnison, itself from the verb garnir, to equip) is the collective term for the body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but... Subclasses Sphagnidae Andreaeidae Tetraphidae Polytrichidae Archidiidae Buxbaumiidae Bryidae Mosses are small, soft plants that are typically 1-10 cm tall, occasionally more. ... The Gay Head cliffs in Marthas Vineyard are made almost entirely of natural clays. ...


Narragansett No. 7 suffered its first Indian attack in 1746, when five colonists were killed, three captured, and the sawmill burned. The town would be called Gorhamtown in honor of Captain John Gorham, the name shortened to Gorham when it incorporated in 1764. It would annex land from Standish in 1831 and 1839, and from Scarborough in 1864. // Events Catharine de Ricci (born 1522) canonized. ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Standish is a town located in Cumberland County, Maine. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Scarborough is a town in Cumberland County on the southern coast of Maine. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


Good soil benefited agriculture, and falls provided water power which helped the town develop as a manufacturing center, with Portland a nearby market. Products included textiles, lumber, barrels, carriages, wagons and sleighs. The Oxford & Cumberland Canal opened in 1829, although it would be discontinued in 1871, having been rendered obsolete by the York & Cumberland Railroad (later the Portland & Rochester), which entered Gorham in 1851. This railroad is now defunct, and serves as the path of a multi-use recreational trail. Hydropower (or waterpower) harnesses the energy of moving or falling water. ... This article is about the type of fabric. ... Lumber is the name used, generally in North America, for wood that has been cut into boards or other shapes for the purpose of woodworking or construction. ... Barrel can refer to: Barrels for storage. ... Tourists in a vis-a-vis, Prague The classic definition of a carriage is a four-wheeled horse-drawn private passenger vehicle with leaf springs or leather strapping for suspension, whether light, smart and fast or large and comfortable. ... A wagon (in old British English waggon) is a wheeled vehicle, ordinarily with four wheels, usually pulled by an animal such as a horse, mule or ox, which was used for transport of heavy goods in the past. ... For the cricket meaning, see Sledging (cricket) A sled, sledge or sleigh is a vehicle with runners for sliding instead of wheels for rolling. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Gorham currently has a much smaller industrial infastructure than it did in the earlier years. The majority of Gorham's industry is based along the border with Westbrook, and many of the mills the formerly existed along the Presumpscot River are now under water, flooded with the construction of the Dundee Dam. Location of city of Westbrook in map of Maine Westbrook is a city in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. ...

Frederick Robie Hall in 1907, University of Southern Maine

In 1803, Gorham Academy was founded. It would evolve into Western Maine Normal School, later Gorham State Teachers College; and today the Gorham campus of the University of Southern Maine. Image File history File links Frederick_Robie_Hall,_Gorham,_ME.jpg Summary Frederick Robie Hall, University of Southern Maine, Gorham, ME; from a 1907 postcard. ... Image File history File links Frederick_Robie_Hall,_Gorham,_ME.jpg Summary Frederick Robie Hall, University of Southern Maine, Gorham, ME; from a 1907 postcard. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Universitätscampus Wien, Austria ( details) Campus (plural: campi) is Latin for field or open space. English gets the words camp and campus from this origin. ... The University of Southern Maine (often shortened to USM) is a multi-campus university component of the University of Maine System, with a primary campus in Gorham, and a full urban satellite campus in Portland. ...


In recent decades Gorham has increased in popularity as a "bedroom community" of Portland. Its residents and town officials have been confronted with various issues related to managing suburban growth in a historically rural town.
Commuters waiting for the morning train in Maplewood, New Jersey A bedroom community, dormitory town, or commuter town is a community that is primarily residential in character, with most of its workers commuting to a nearby town or city to earn their livelihood. ...


Historic Sites & Museums:

  • Baxter House Museum

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 132.8 km² (51.3 mi²). 131.2 km² (50.6 mi²) of it is land and 1.6 km² (0.6 mi²) of it (1.23%) is water. Gorham is drained by the Little and Presumpscot rivers. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ...


Demographics

This article describes the town of Gorham as a whole. Additional demographic detail is available that describes only the central settlement within the town, although those values are included in the aggregate numbers reported here. See: Gorham (CDP), Maine. Gorham CDP is a census district that comprises the central settlement area in the town of Gorham, located in Cumberland County, Maine. ...

Methodist Episcopal Church in c. 1908

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 14,141 people, 4,875 households, and 3,529 families residing in the town. The population density was 107.8/km² (279.2/mi²). There were 5,051 housing units at an average density of 38.5/km² (99.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.57% White, 0.42% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.60% of the population. Image File history File links Methodist_Episcopal_Church,_Gorham,_NH.jpg Summary Methodist Episcopal Church in c. ... Image File history File links Methodist_Episcopal_Church,_Gorham,_NH.jpg Summary Methodist Episcopal Church in c. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget, is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget, is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 4,875 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% were non-families. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.11. A marriage is a relationship between or among individuals, usually recognized by civil authority and/or bound by the religious beliefs of the participants. ...


In the town the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 13.7% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.


The median income for a household in the town was $50,316, and the median income for a family was $55,434. Males had a median income of $37,828 versus $30,394 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,174. About 5.1% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.7% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gorham: Weather and Much More from Answers.com (831 words)
Gorham is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States.
Gorham is home to one of the three campuses of the University of Southern Maine.
The majority of Gorham's industry is based along the border with Westbrook, and many of the mills the formerly existed along the Presumpscot River are now under water, flooded with the construction of the Dundee Dam.
MAINE DEMOCRATS » Gorham By-Pass Q & A (860 words)
The Gorham By-Pass was originally discussed by the community during the 1950s and was included in the Town’s 1960 Comprehensive Plan.
First, the purpose of the Gorham By-Pass is to reduce traffic in Gorham Village and improve traffic safety in the Village by diverting the large trucks currently making a turning movement at the Route 25/114 intersection in the Village onto the By-Pass.
The Maine Turnpike Authority, Maine Department of Transportation, and Town of Gorham are very enthusiastic about the idea, and the Turnpike Authority is studying the financial feasibility of the project.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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