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Encyclopedia > Gordon Cooper
Leroy Gordon Cooper, Jr.
Gordon Cooper
Astronaut
 Nationality American
 Born March 6, 1927
Shawnee, Oklahoma
 Died October 4, 2004
Ventura, California
 Occupation1 Test Pilot
 Rank Colonel, USAF
 Space time 222h
 Selection 1959 NASA Group
 Mission(s) Mercury 9, Gemini 5
Mission insignia
 1 previous or current

Leroy Gordon "Gordo" Cooper, Jr. (March 6, 1927 ā€“ October 4, 2004), was an American astronaut. He was one of the original astronauts in Project Mercury, the first manned-space effort by the United States. Mercury 9 Crewman: Cooper Downloaded from the NASA NiX Digital Image Collection: http://nix. ... March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (66th in Leap years). ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Shawnee is a city located in Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 28,692. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,960 sq mi (181,196 km²)  - Width 230 miles (370 km)  - Length 298 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ventura is the name of several places in the United States of America: Ventura, California Ventura, Iowa Ventura County, California Ventura may also refer to one of the following people: Charlie Ventura, American band leader Jean-Baptiste Ventura (ca. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Test pilots are aviators who fly new and modified aircraft in specific maneuvers, allowing the results to be measured and the design to be evaluated. ... Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... Seal of the Air Force. ... 1958 1959 1960 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1976 1978 1979 1980 1982 1984 1985 1987 1990 1992 1994 1995 1996 1997 2000 2003 2004 1958 June 25 - Man In Space Soonest - USA The first group of American astronaut candidates were selected... Crew Gordon Cooper Backup Crew Alan B. Shepard Mission Parameters Mass: 1,360. ... Gemini 5 (officially Gemini V) was a 1965 manned spaceflight in NASAs Gemini program. ... Mercury 9 Insignia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Gemini5insignia. ... March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (66th in Leap years). ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Astronaut (disambiguation). ... Original seven Astronauts portrait (L-R: Schirra, Shepard, Slayton, Grissom, Glenn, Cooper, Carpenter) The Mercury Seven was the group of seven Mercury astronauts picked in April 1959. ... Project Mercury was the United States first successful manned spaceflight program. ...

Contents

Early years

Cooper was born in Shawnee, Oklahoma. He grew up there and in Murray, Kentucky, where he attended public schools. He was active in the Boy Scouts of America where he achieved its second highest rank, Life Scout. Cooper served in the Marine Corps in 1945 and 1946, then received an Army commission after completing three years of coursework at the University of Hawaii. Cooper met his first wife, Trudy - the only Mercury wife to have a private pilot's license - while in Hawaii, and they married in 1947. In 1949, Cooper transferred his commission to the Air Force, was placed on active duty, and received flight training at Perrin AFB, Texas and Williams AFB, Arizona. Shawnee is a city located in Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 28,692. ... Murray is a city located in Calloway County, Kentucky. ... The Boy Scouts of America (BSA) is a United States Scouting organization, with some presence in other countries. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the U.S. military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces to global crises. ... The United States Army is the largest branch of the United States armed forces and has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... This article is about the University of Hawaii system. ... Front side of an airman certificate issued by the FAA. Back side of an airman certificate issued by the FAA. Pilot certification in the United States is under the authority of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). ... Aircraft of the 379th Air Expeditionary Wing and coalition counterparts stationed together at Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar, in southwest Asia, fly over the desert. ... Perrin Air Force Base was an Air Force Base located in rural Grayson County, Texas approximately seven miles west of Denison. ... Williams Air Force Base southeast of Mesa, Arizona was the leading pilot training facility of the United States Air Force. ...


Cooper's first flight assignment was in Landstuhl, West Germany in 1950, where he flew F-84 Thunderjets and F-86 Sabres for four years; he also attended the European Extension of the University of Maryland while overseas. Upon returning to the United States and after two more years of study at the Air Force Institute of Technology in Ohio, he completed his bachelor's degree in aerospace engineering in 1957. Cooper was then assigned to the Experimental Flight Test School at Edwards Air Force Base in California until 1957. When he graduated from the school, he was posted to the Flight Test Engineering Division at Edwards, where he served as a test pilot and project manager testing the F-102A and F-106B.[1] Landstuhl is a Verbandsgemeinde (administrative unit) in the district of Kaiserslautern in Germany. ... The Republic Aviation F-84 Thunderjet was an American-built turbojet fighter-bomber aircraft. ... The North American F-86 Sabre was a subsonic combat aircraft developed for the US Air Force. ... The University of Maryland University College (UMUC) is the second largest university in Maryland. ... The Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) is located at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio in Area B. The Institute includes a School of Systems and Logistics, and a School of Engineering. ... Aerospace engineering is the branch of engineering that concerns aircraft, spacecraft, and related topics. ... Edwards Air Force Base is a USAF airbase located on the border of Kern County and Los Angeles County, California in the Antelope Valley, 7 miles (11 km) due East of Rosamond, USA at 34°57′ N 117°52′ W. An airbase since 1933, Edwards has long been a home... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Test pilots are aviators who fly new and modified aircraft in specific maneuvers, allowing the results to be measured and the design to be evaluated. ... The Convair F-102 Delta Dagger fighter aircraft was part of the backbone of the United States air defenses in the late 1950s. ... The Convair F-106A Delta Dart was the primary all-weather interceptor aircraft for the US Air Force from the 1960s through the late 1970s. ...


Cooper logged more than 7,000 hours of flight time, with 4,000 hours in jet aircraft. He flew all types of commercial and general aviation airplanes and helicopters. General aviation (abbr. ... The Bell 206 of Canadian Helicopters Robinson Helicopter Company (USA) R44, a four seat development of the R22 A helicopter is an aircraft which is lifted and propelled by one or more horizontal rotors consisting of two or more rotor blades. ...


Astronaut career

While at Edwards, Cooper read an announcement saying that a contract had been awarded to McDonnell Aircraft in St. Louis, Missouri to build a space capsule. This intrigued him, and shortly after reading this announcement he was called to Washington, D.C. for a NASA briefing on Project Mercury and the part astronauts would play in it. Cooper went through the selection process with the other 109 pilots, and was not surprised when he was accepted as one of the first seven American astronauts. The McDonnell Aircraft Corporation was an American aerospace manufacturer, based near St. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an agency of the United States Government, responsible for that nations public space program. ... Project Mercury was the United States first successful manned spaceflight program. ...


Each of the Mercury astronauts was assigned to a different portion of the project and to a few other special assignments. Cooper specialized in the Redstone rocket, and developed a personal survival knife for the astronauts to carry in the spacecraft. He also chaired the Emergency Egress Committee, responsible for working out the emergency launch pad procedures for escape. Cooper served as capsule communicator (CAPCOM) for John Glenn's first orbital spaceflight in Mercury-Atlas 6 (Friendship 7) and Scott Carpenter's flight on Mercury-Atlas 7 (Aurora 7), and backup pilot for Wally Schirra in Mercury-Atlas 8 (Sigma 7). First launched in 1953, the American Redstone rocket was a direct descendant of the German V-2. ... The launch pad refers to the facilities where rockets or spacecrafts liftoff. ... During much of the U.S. manned space program, NASA felt it was important for all communication with the astronauts in space to pass through a single individual in the Mission Control Center. ... For other persons named John Glenn, see John Glenn (disambiguation). ... An orbital spaceflight (or orbital flight) in the general sense is a spaceflight where the trajectory of a spacecraft reaches the height of, and through having an appropriate velocity enters into, orbit around an astronomical body. ... // Crew John Glenn (flew on Mercury 6 & STS-95) Backup Crew M. Scott Carpenter Mission parameters Mass: 1,352 kg Perigee: 159 km Apogee: 265 km Inclination: 32. ... Astronaut M. Scott Carpenter inspects the heat shield of his Aurora 7 space capsule Malcolm Scott Carpenter (born May 1, 1925) was one of the original seven astronauts selected in 1959 for Project Mercury. ... MA-7 launch preparation (NASA) // Scott Carpenter (flew on Mercury 7) The original prime crew for Mercury Atlas-7 was Deke Slayton, however Slayton was controversially removed from all flight crew availability after the discovery of cardiac arrhythmia during a training run in the g-loading centrifuge. ... Walter M. “Wally” Schirra Walter Marty Schirra, Jr. ... // Wally Schirra (flew on Mercury 8, Gemini 6A, & Apollo 7) Gordon Cooper Mass:1370 kg Perigee: 153 km Apogee: 285 km Inclination: 32. ...


Cooper was launched into space on May 15, 1963 aboard the Mercury-Atlas 9 (Faith 7) spacecraft, the last Mercury mission. He orbited the earth 22 times and logged more time in space than all five previous Mercury astronauts combined ā€“ 34 hours, 19 minutes and 49 seconds, traveling 546,167 miles (878,971 km) at 17,547 mph (28,239 km/h), pulling a maximum of 7.6 g (75 m/sĀ²). Cooper achieved an altitude of 165.9 statute miles (267 km) at apogee. He also gained the distinction of becoming the first American astronaut to sleep not only in orbit but on the launch pad during a countdown. May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... // Gordon Cooper (flew on Mercury 9 & Gemini 5) Alan B. Shepard Chris Kraft. ... The nominal acceleration due to gravity at sea level on the Earths surface, also known as standard gravity, is defined as exactly 9. ... A mile is any of several units of distance, or, in physics terminology, of length. ... A diagram of Keplerian orbital elements. ... The launch pad refers to the facilities where rockets or spacecrafts liftoff. ...


Two years later, on August 21, 1965, Cooper flew as command pilot of Gemini 5 on an eight-day, 120-orbit mission with Pete Conrad. The two astronauts established a new space endurance record by traveling a distance of 3,312,993 miles (5,331,745 km) in 190 hours, 56 minutes, proving that astronauts could survive in space for the length of time necessary to go from the earth to the moon and back. Cooper was the first astronaut to make a second orbital flight, and later served as backup command pilot for Gemini 12 and backup commander of Apollo 10. August 21 is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Gemini 5 (officially Gemini V) was a 1965 manned spaceflight in NASAs Gemini program. ... Charles Pete Conrad, Jr. ... Gemini 12 (officially Gemini XII) was a 1966 manned spaceflight in NASAs Gemini program. ... Apollo 10 was the fourth manned mission in the Apollo program, and the first (and only manned Saturn V) mission to launch from pad 39B. The mission included the second crew to orbit the Moon, and the test of the lunar module in lunar orbit. ...


After a falling-out with NASA management, Alan Shepard was chosen over him to be commander of Apollo 13. (Shepard's crew was later moved onto Apollo 14 and the Apollo 13 command went to Jim Lovell.) Cooper retired from NASA and the Air Force on July 31, 1970 as a colonel, having flown 222 hours in space. Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr. ... Apollo 13 was the third manned lunar-landing mission, part of the foundation of the American Apollo program. ... Apollo 14 was the eighth manned mission in the Apollo program and the third mission to land on the Moon. ... James Jim Arthur Lovell, Jr. ... July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... Please see Colonel for other countries which use this rank Insignia of a United States Colonel Colonel is a rank of the United States armed forces. ...


Awards and decorations

During his life, Cooper received numerous awards, including the Air Force Legion of Merit, the Distinguished Flying Cross with oak leaf clusters, the NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal, the Collier Trophy, the Harmon Trophy, the DeMolay Legion of Honor, the John F. Kennedy Trophy, the Iven C. Kincheloe Award, the University of Hawaii Regents Medal, and the Columbus Medal. He was a Master Mason (member of Carbondale Lodge 82 in Carbondale, Colorado) and a 33rd Degree Scottish Rite Mason. The Legion of Merit is a military decoration of the United States armed forces that is awarded for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements. ... The Distinguished Flying Cross. ... Bronze and Silver oak leaf clusters An Oak leaf cluster is a common device which is placed on military awards and decorations to denote those who have received more than one bestowal of a particular decoration. ... The NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal is an award of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration that was established in the year 1991. ... The Collier Trophy is the most prestigious award in the aviation field, given once a year to those that have made the greatest achievement in aeronautics or astronautics in America, with respect to improving the performance, efficiency, and safety of air or space vehicles, the value of which has been... In 1926 Clifford B. Harmon, a wealthy sportsman and aviator, established the Harmon Trophy, a set of three international trophies to be awarded annually to the worlds outstanding aviator, aviatrix, and aeronaut (balloon or dirigible). ... The Order of DeMolay is an international youth fraternity for young men between the ages of 12 to 21. ... Iven C. Kincheloe Jr. ... This article is about the University of Hawaii system. ... A Master Mason is the designation of a Freemason who has completed the Third Degree in Masonic Lodge (aka Blue Lodge or Craft Masonry). ... It has been suggested that Knight Kadosh be merged into this article or section. ...


Cooper was a member of several groups and societies, including the Society of Experimental Test Pilots, the American Astronautical Society, Scottish Rite, York Rite, Shriners, Rotary Club, Order of Daedalians, Confederate Air Force, Boy Scouts of America, and Girl Scouts of America. The Society of Experimental Test Pilots was founded in 1955 as the Testy Test Pilots Society and had Scott Crossfield, Ray Tenhoff, Joe Ozier, Dick Johnson, Tom Kilgariff, John Fitzpatrick as its original members. ... The American Astronautical Society logo Formed in 1954, the American Astronautical Society (AAS) is the premier independent scientific and technical group in the United States exclusively dedicated to the advancement of space science and exploration. ... It has been suggested that Knight Kadosh be merged into this article or section. ... The York Rite (also called the American Rite) is one of the two main appendant bodies of United States Freemasonry, which a Master Mason may join to further his knowledge of Freemasonry. ... Logo of the Shriners The Shriners, or Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, are an Order appendant to Freemasonry. ... Logo of Rotary International Rotary International is an organisation whose members comprise Rotary Clubs (service clubs) located all over the world. ... The Order of Daedalians is a fraternal and professional order of American military pilots. ... The Commemorative Air Force, formerly known as the Confederate Air Force, is a Texas-based non-profit organization dedicated to preserving and showing historical aircraft. ... The Boy Scouts of America (BSA) is a United States Scouting organization, with some presence in other countries. ... The Girl Scouts of the United States of America is a youth organization for girls in the United States based on the Scouting principles developed by Robert Baden-Powell. ...


Later years

Cooper alleged that the U.S. government was covering up information about UFOs. Cooper claimed to have seen his first UFO while in West Germany in 1951 [2] and wrote in his memoirs that he had seen other unexplained aircraft several times during his career. Cooper also stated that there were hundreds of reports made by other pilots, many coming from military jet pilots sent to respond to radar or visual sightings from the ground. [3] [4]He was quite convinced until the day he died that he had seen UFOs. [3] UFO can mean: Unidentified flying object United Future Organization, a Japanese-Brazilian electronic jazz band UFO, the rock band that previously featured Michael Schenker UFO, the Gerry Anderson TV series United Farmers of Ontario, a political party that formed the government in Ontario from 1919 to 1923 U.F.O... UFO can mean: Unidentified flying object United Future Organization, a Japanese-Brazilian electronic jazz band UFO, the rock band that previously featured Michael Schenker UFO, the Gerry Anderson TV series United Farmers of Ontario, a political party that formed the government in Ontario from 1919 to 1923 U.F.O... This long range Radar antenna, known as ALTAIR, is used to detect and track space objects in conjunction with ABM testing at the Ronald Reagan Test Site on the Kwajalein atoll[1]. Radar is a system that uses radio waves to determine and map the location, direction, and/or speed... UFO can mean: Unidentified flying object United Future Organization, a Japanese-Brazilian electronic jazz band UFO, the rock band that previously featured Michael Schenker UFO, the Gerry Anderson TV series United Farmers of Ontario, a political party that formed the government in Ontario from 1919 to 1923 U.F.O...


After leaving NASA, Cooper served on several corporate boards and as technical consultant for more than a dozen different companies, in fields ranging from high performance boat design to energy, construction, and aircraft design. He worked for The Walt Disney Company as a vice-president for research and development for Epcot in the 1970s. Later, he went into business with Bill Paynter, a fellow Air Force Colonel and who in retirement was pilot to Ronald Reagan during his days as governor of California.[5] They hired several retired engineers from the Lockheed Corporation and Northrop and created engineering redesigns of existent high performance aircraft beginning with the delta wing series of fighters.[citation needed] The Walt Disney Company (NYSE: DIS) is one of the largest media and entertainment corporations in the world. ... Epcot is the second theme park built at the Walt Disney World Resort near Orlando, Florida. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... The Lockheed SR-71 was remarkably advanced for its time and remains unsurpassed in many areas of performance. ... The Northrop Corporation was a leading aircraft manufacturer of the United States. ... The delta-wing is a wing planform in the form of a triangle. ...


After divorcing his first wife, Trudy, Cooper married Susan Taylor in 1972. He had four daughters: Camala Keoki (Cooper) Tharpe and Janita Lee (Cooper) Stone, both from his first marriage, and Elizabeth Jo and Colleen Taylor from his second marriage.


Cooper received an honorary doctorate of science degree from Oklahoma State University in 1967. He wrote one book, Leap of Faith (ISBN 0-06-019416-2), which chronicled his experiences with the Air Force and NASA as well as his efforts to expose an alleged UFO conspiracy. Oklahoma State University Logo The Oklahoma State University System comprises of five educational instututes across Oklahoma. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an agency of the United States Government, responsible for that nations public space program. ... An unidentified flying object, or UFO, is any real or apparent flying object which cannot be identified by the observer and which remains unidentified after investigation. ... A conspiracy theory attempts to explain the ultimate cause of an event or chain of events (usually political, social, or historical events) as a secret, and often deceptive, plot by a covert alliance of powerful or influential people or organizations. ...


Late in life, Cooper developed Parkinson's disease. He died at his home in Ventura, California in 2004 at age 77. Coordinates: Country United States State California County Ventura Mayor Carl Morehouse Area    - City 84. ...


In 2005, Space Services, Inc. announced that Cooper's ashes would be included on a memorial launch using a Falcon 1 rocket in late 2006.[6] Envelope Length 21. ...


Media

  • In addition, Col. Cooper portrayed himself in an episode of the television series CHiPs.

The Right Stuff is both a 1979 book by Tom Wolfe, and a 1983 film adapted from the book. ... Dennis Quaid Dennis William Quaid (born April 9, 1954) is an American actor. ... From the Earth to the Moon is a twelve-part HBO television miniseries (1998) co-produced by Ron Howard, Brian Grazer, Tom Hanks, and Michael Bostick detailing the landmark Apollo expeditions to the Moon during the 1960s and early 1970s. ... Look up chips in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Trivia

  • Cooper passed away on October 4, 2004, the same day SpaceShipOne made its second official qualifying flight and won the Ansari X-Prize.
  • Actor Dennis Quaid, wanting to improve his chances of winning the role of Cooper in The Right Stuff, met with the former astronaut prior to the casting call.Quaid rapidly learned Cooper's mannerisms, and even had his hair cut and dyed to match Cooper's.

Cooper made regular call in appearances on the David Letterman show in the early '80s. October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Scaled Composites SpaceShipOne SpaceShipOnes patch The Scaled Composites Model 316 SpaceShipOne is an experimental air-launched suborbital spaceplane that uses a hybrid rocket motor. ... The X prize logo shows a stylised letter X representing a spacecraft trajectory and containing a starfield. ... Dennis Quaid Dennis William Quaid (born April 9, 1954) is an American actor. ...


External links

Notes


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gordon Cooper - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1244 words)
Gordon realized that these men, who on a regular basis have seen experimental aircraft flying and landing around them as part of their job of filming those aircraft, were clearly worked up and unnerved.
Cooper achieved an altitude of 165.9 statute miles (267 km) at apogee.
Gordon also worked with the Imagineering program at Disney and was involved with the Advanced Technology Group for a number of years, where he had a number of interesting experiences which only backed up his belief in intelligent life from another planet.
Astronaut Gordon Cooper talks to the UN (1371 words)
Astronaut Gordon Cooper's Message to the UN "I believe that these extraterrestrial vehicles and their crews are visiting this planet from other planets, which are a little more technically advanced than we are on Earth.
Cooper was not fortunate enough to be outside at the time of this incredible encounter, but he did see the films as soon as they were rushed through the development process.
Cooper no doubt expected to get a reply in a few weeks' time as to what his men had seen and photographed, but there was no word, and the movie *vanished* - never to surface again....
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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