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Encyclopedia > Gorani (ethnic group)
Gorani
Total population

35,000-50,000 approx. Gorani could be the name of: Gorani, (a. ...

Regions with significant populations
 Serbia 18 villages
 Albania 9 villages
 Republic of Macedonia 2 villages
Language(s)
Našinski and Serbian, minor Albanian
Religion(s)
Predominantly Islam
Related ethnic groups
Bosniaks, South Slavs, Torbesh, Pomaks

Gorani (also Горанци/Goranci) are a South Slavic ethnic group, living in the mountainous Gora-Dragaš region, just south of Prizren in the territory of Kosovo (Serbia), north-western Macedonia in the Šar Planina region near Tetovo, as well as in north-eastern Albania (most notably in Shishtavec (Local Slavic: Шиштејец, Šištejec) in Kukës County). Gorani are Slavic Muslims. Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Albania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... NaÅ¡inski is the Torlakian dialect used by the Gorani in southern Kosovo. ... Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Language(s) Bosnian Religion(s) Predominantly Islam Related ethnic groups Slavs (South Slavs) The Bosniaks or Bosniacs[1] (Bosnian: BoÅ¡njaci, IPA: ) are a South Slavic people, living mainly in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia) and the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro, with a smaller autochthonous population also present... Countries inhabited by South Slavs (in teal) The South Slavs are a southern branch of the Slavic peoples that live in the Balkans, the southern Pannonian Plain and the eastern Alps. ... The Torbesh are a Muslim Slav Macedonian peoples. ... The Pomaks (помаци pomaci) or Muslim Bulgarians (българи мюсюлмани bălgari mjusjulmani), also known locally as Ahryani, are an Islamized Slavic speaking people of the Rhodope region. ... Countries inhabited by South Slavs (in teal) The South Slavs are a southern branch of the Slavic peoples that live in the Balkans, the southern Pannonian Plain and the eastern Alps. ... Former Gora municipality in Kosovo, marked in blue Gora (Гора) is a geographical region in southern Kosovo, inhabited by the Gorani people. ... View of Prizren. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... The Å ar mountain (Serbian and Macedonian Шар Планина, Å ar Planina; Albanian Malet e Sharrit, Sharr) is a mountain located on the southern border of Serbia and Montenegro (in Kosovo) and the northwest part of Republic of Macedonia. ... City motto : Coordinates Municipality : Tetovo municipality Elevation 486 m Population 80 841 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Area code +389 044 Postal code 1200 Car plates TE Official Website tetovo. ... Shishtavec (Gorani (Slavic): Шиштејец, Å iÅ¡tejec) is a Slavic speaking village in the Kukës region of Northern Albania. ... NaÅ¡inski is the Torlakian dialect used by the Gorani in southern Kosovo. ... The County of Kukës (Albanian: Qarku i Kukësit) is one of the 12 counties of Albania. ... Slavic Muslims are Slavs who observe the Islamic faith. ...

Contents

Language

A geographical distribution of the Torlakian dialect in former Yugoslavia, with marked Gora area

The Gorani speak Našinski a Torlakian dialect. Most also speak Albanian as a second language as well as Serbian. In the 1991 Yugoslav census, 54.8% of the inhabitants of the Gora municipality said that they spoke the Gorani language, roughly in proportion to the number who considered themselves primarily ethnic Gorani. A little less than half the inhabitants of Gora declared that they spoke the Serbian language.[1]. Some Goranian intellectuals and researchers define their language as Bulgarian, similar to dialects spoken in Northwest Macedonia.[1] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (881x935, 60 KB)This is the historical map of Soc. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (881x935, 60 KB)This is the historical map of Soc. ... Geographical distribution of Torlakian dialect (exception of Bulgaria) Torlakian is the name used for the dialects spoken in Southern and Eastern Serbia (Serbia and Montenegro), Northwest Republic of Macedonia (Kratovo-Kumanovo) and Northwest Bulgaria (Vidin-Bregovo). ... Former Gora municipality in Kosovo, marked in blue Gora (Гора) is a geographical region in southern Kosovo, inhabited by the Gorani people. ... NaÅ¡inski is the Torlakian dialect used by the Gorani in southern Kosovo. ... Geographical distribution of Torlakian dialect (exception of Bulgaria) Torlakian is the name used for the dialects spoken in Southern and Eastern Serbia (Serbia and Montenegro), Northwest Republic of Macedonia (Kratovo-Kumanovo) and Northwest Bulgaria (Vidin-Bregovo). ... Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ...


Politics

The rise of Albanian nationalism has had a negative effect on Gorani-Albanian relations. [2] The 1980s saw the advent of a Gorani national revival, they officially broke away from the name of Muslims by nationality (as dictated by the Yugoslav government to describe primarily the Slavic Muslims in Bosnia). Some began Slavicizing their surnames (i.e. Ahmeti became Ahmetović). Languages Serbo-Croat(Serbian, Bosnian, Croatian) Macedonian Religions Predominantly Islam Related ethnic groups South Slavs Muslims by nationality (Muslimani, Муслимани) was a term used in Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to describe mainly native Slavic Muslims. ...


Some members of neighbouring ethnic groups consider the Gorani as "their own", with varying degrees of justification. The Gorani themselves are divided as to whether they constitute as separate nation, or simply a separate branch of some larger nation (and if so, which one). The Serbian viewpoint is either all or some of them are (or were originally) Serbs of Muslim faith. Some consider them Albanians. Indeed during the 2004 unrest in Kosovo in Kosovo some Gorani shops in Novi Sad were vandalised due to the fact that Gorani have Albanian names, and were mistakenly assumed to be Albanians by looting mobs.[2] During the Milošević era, they were "prided as being the sole guarantors of Serbia's southern flank" by the state-controlled media. On the basis of Slavic origins and Muslim faith, they were also claimed by some Bosniaks [3] [4]. On the basis of the language and proximity, they were also claimed as ethnic Macedonians [5] [6] [7] or Bulgarians [8], [9]. In 2005, an alleged attempt to create a "Bulgarian national community" among Gorani is reported [10] supposedly with the motive of getting a mentorship and passports of Bulgaria, a European Union member. Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [27] Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Violent unrest in Kosovo (a United Nations-administered province of Serbia) broke out on March 17, 2004. ... MiloÅ¡ević redirects here. ...


These attempts were supported by some Gorani, for various motives; others bitterly resent that whoever sought Gorani support for their agenda have done nothing for the development of the people and the area, which is one of the most underdeveloped in the region.


Gorani diaspora

The Gora region is covered with rough terrain, its name even means 'mountain' in Slavic and the name of its people 'highlanders'. The Gora is an underdeveloped region and for almost two centuries, its male inhabitants would go off to more distant regions in order to find work. Due to this, a true Gorani diaspora has come to life with many living in parts of Central Serbia (particularly Belgrade - 3,340), Vojvodina (606), Republic of Macedonia (particularly the Western parts), Italy and Turkey. Former Gora municipality in Kosovo, marked in blue Gora (Гора) is a geographical region in southern Kosovo, inhabited by the Gorani people. ... The term Serbia proper is often used in English to refer to the part of Serbia that lies outside the northern and southern autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Vojvodina (red) is one of Serbias two autonomous provinces Capital (and largest city) Novi Sad Official languages Ethnic groups  2. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ...


Population

Former Gora municipality in Kosovo, marked in blue

The Gorani population numbered some 16,000, in the Gora administrative division, according to the 1991 census. Gorani leaders today estimate that fewer than 10,000 are left in Gora. Most Goranis state that the unstable situation and the economic issue drives them to leave Kosovo. There is also some mention of threats and discrimination. [11] The UN administration in Kosovo, UNMIK, has redrawn internal boundaries in the province in such a way that a Gorani-majority municipality no longer exists. The Gora was combined with the neighbouring Albanian-populated region of Opolje (some 20,000 people) into a new subdivision named Dragaš, which now has an Albanian majority. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x680, 88 KB)Kosovo ethnic map File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x680, 88 KB)Kosovo ethnic map File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Former Gora municipality in Kosovo, marked in blue Gora (Гора) is a geographical region in southern Kosovo, inhabited by the Gorani people. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Former Gora municipality in Kosovo, marked in blue Gora (Гора) is a geographical region in southern Kosovo, inhabited by the Gorani people. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... The United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo or UNMIK is an interim civilian administration in Kosovo, under the authority of the United Nations. ... Opolje was a municipality of Kosovo, Serbias southern province. ... DragaÅ¡ (Serbian: Драгаш, DragaÅ¡, Albanian: Dragash or Sharri) is a town and municipality in southern Kosovo, Serbia. ...


In Albania, the Gorani live in 11 villages centered around Shishtavec in the Kukës region. Shishtavec (Gorani (Slavic): Шиштејец, Å iÅ¡tejec) is a Slavic speaking village in the Kukës region of Northern Albania. ... Kukës (Albanian: Kukës or Kukësi) is a town in Albania located at 42. ...


Culture

Gorani are traditionally known as good confectioners. They are most known for their traditional celebrations of their slava, Saint George's Day (Djurdjevdan). The term confectionery refers to food items rich in sugar. ... alex (Cyrillic: Слава) is the Orthodox Christian custom of celebrating a family patron saint. ... Saint George oil painting by Raphael St Georges Day is celebrated in several nations of whom Saint George is the patron saint, including England, Georgia, Bulgaria, Portugal, and Catalonia. ... Đurđevi stupovi, Orthodox Church dedicated to Saint George, in the ancient city of Ras in Serbia. ...


Traditional Music

Traditional Gorani folk music includes a two-beat dance called "kolo", which is a circle dance focused on the foot movements, it always starts on the right foot and moves in an anti-clockwise direction. Kolo is usually accompanied by instrumental music made often with a Zurle or Kaval and Tapan or Davul, kolo's are less frequently accompanied by singing as they are in neighboring ethnic groups such as the Albanians and Serbians. For other meanings, see Zurna (disambiguation) and Surna (disambiguation) The Zurna (also called Surnay, birbynÄ—, lettish horn, surla, sornai, zournas, zurma) is an Anatolian woodwind instrument. ... A 1919 Kaval. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Davul. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Tapan. ...


Gallery

See also

Area where Torlakian dialect is spoken Torlaks (Torlaci, Торлаци) is a name for inhabitants of south-eastern Serbia who speak the Torlakian dialect of the Serbian language. ...

References

  1. ^ Dokle, Nazif. Reçnik Goransko (Nashinski) - Albanski, Sofia 2007, Peçatnica Naukini akademiji "Prof. Marin Drinov", s. 5, 11, 19 (Nazif Dokle. Goranian-Albanian Dictionary, Sofia 2007, Published by Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, p. 5, 11, 19)
  2. ^ http://hrw.org/reports/2005/serbia1005/4.htm#_Toc115505925

External links

Bulgarian or chuvashi language is spoken by around 80. ...

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