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Encyclopedia > Gorani (Kosovo)
Gorani
Total population 20,000 approx.
Regions with significant populations Serbia and Montenegro (Kosovo), Albania, Macedonia
Language Gorani subdialect of the Serbian Torlakian dialect
Religion Muslim
Related ethnic groups other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs

Gorani or Gorançe or Goranska are a Slavic ethnic group living in Gora region, just south of Prizren in the territory of Kosovo, Serbia and Montenegro, north-western Macedonia in the Šar-planina region near Tetovo, as well as in north-eastern Albania, most notably in the village os Shishtavec or Shishtejec in the Kukes region. For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... The Serbian language is one of the standard versions of the Å tokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and by Serbs everywhere. ... Geographical distribution of Torlakian dialect (exception of Bulgaria) Torlakian is the name used for the dialects spoken in Southern and Eastern Serbia (Serbia and Montenegro), Northwest Republic of Macedonia (Kratovo-Kumanovo) and Northwest Bulgaria (Vidin-Bregovo). ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish:Müslüman, Persian:مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... The Slavic peoples are defined by their usage of the Slavic languages. ... The Slavic peoples are defined by their usage of the Slavic languages. ... Former Gora municipality in Kosovo, marked in blue Gora (Гора) is a geographical region in southern Kosovo, inhabited by the Gorani people. ... View of Prizren Prizren (Serbian Cyrillic Призрен; Albanian Prizreni) is an historic city located in Kosovo at 42. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Tetovo (Macedonian: Тетово) is a city in the north-west Macedonia, built on the foothills of the Å ar mountain (Shar mountain) and divided by the Pena river. ...

Contents


Religion

The Gorani are Slavs by origin and Muslim by faith. They were Orthodox Slavs who converted to Islam in the late 18th century and even in the 19th century. A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish:Müslüman, Persian:مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ) is a monotheistic religion based on the Quran. ...


Language

A geographical distribution of the Torlakian dialect in former Yugoslavia, with marked Gora area
A geographical distribution of the Torlakian dialect in former Yugoslavia, with marked Gora area

In addition to speaking a local Serbian Torlakian dialect locally known as Goranski or Gorani, many also have an understanding of Albanian. They refer to their language as "našinski", meaning roughly "ours". Image File history File links Download high resolution version (881x935, 60 KB)This is the historical map of Soc. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (881x935, 60 KB)This is the historical map of Soc. ... Geographical distribution of Torlakian dialect (exception of Bulgaria) Torlakian is the name used for the dialects spoken in Southern and Eastern Serbia (Serbia and Montenegro), Northwest Republic of Macedonia (Kratovo-Kumanovo) and Northwest Bulgaria (Vidin-Bregovo). ... Former Gora municipality in Kosovo, marked in blue Gora (Гора) is a geographical region in southern Kosovo, inhabited by the Gorani people. ... The Serbian language is one of the standard versions of the Å tokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and by Serbs everywhere. ... Geographical distribution of Torlakian dialect (exception of Bulgaria) Torlakian is the name used for the dialects spoken in Southern and Eastern Serbia (Serbia and Montenegro), Northwest Republic of Macedonia (Kratovo-Kumanovo) and Northwest Bulgaria (Vidin-Bregovo). ...


Politics

The rise of Albanian nationalism has had a negative effect on Gorani-Albanian relations. The 1980's saw the advent of a Gorani national revival, they officially broke away from the name of Muslims by nationality (as dictated by the Yugoslav government to describe primarily the Slavic Muslims in Bosnia). Some began Slavicizing their surnames (i.e. Ahmeti became Ahmetović) which they claimed had been Albanized during the Kosovo Communist Albanian rule in the 1970s and 1980s. Muslims by nationality was a term used in Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to describe people who spoke Serbo-Croatian language and professed Islam that werent identified as one of the other nations. ... Albanian (gjuha shqipe //) is a language spoken by over 6 million people, primarily in Albania, Kosovo, Greece, Serbia and Montenegro, and the Republic of Macedonia but also in other parts of the Balkans, along the eastern coast of Italy and in Sicily, as well as by emigrant groups in Scandinavia...


As a small and relatively isolated ethnic group, but located on a strategically important area, Gorani have often been a subject of appropriation by neighbouring nations and attempts to use them as a tool for promotion of others' interests. During Milošević's era in Serbia, they were claimed as Serbs of Muslim faith by the state-controlled media, and consequently used as a pawn in the Serb-Albanian conflict. They were "prided as being the sole guarantors of Serbia's southern flank". Nevertheless, Goranis' confectioneer shops in Serbia were often demolished during unrests because of similarity of their surnames with Albanian ones. On the basis of Slavic origins and Muslim faith, they were also claimed by some Bosniaks [1] [2]. On the basis of the language and proximity, they were also claimed as ethnic Macedonians [3] [4] [5]. In 2005, an alleged attempt to create a "Bulgarian national community" among Gorani is reported [6] [7], supposedly with the motive of getting a mentorship and passports of Bulgaria when it joins European Union. Slobodan MiloÅ¡ević Slobodan MiloÅ¡ević (Serbian Cyrillic: Слободан Милошевић, pronounced []); (20 August 1941 – 11 March 2006) was President of Serbia and of Yugoslavia. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia      â€“ Vojvodina      â€“ Kosovo (UN admin. ... Serbs (Serbian: Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia-Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ) is a monotheistic religion based on the Quran. ...


These attempts were supported by some Gorani, for various motives; others bitterly refute that whoever sought Gorani support for their agenda have done nothing for the development of the people and the area, which is one of the most underdeveloped in the region.


Gorani diaspora

The Gora region is covered with rough terrain, its name even means 'mountain' in Slavic and the name of its people 'the mountaineers'. The Gora is an underdeveloped region and for almost two centuries, its male inhabitants would go off to more distant regions in order to find work. Due to this, a true Gorani diaspora has come to life with many living in parts of Central Serbia (particularly Belgrade - 3,340), Vojvodina, Macedonia (particularly the Western parts), Italy and Turkey. Former Gora municipality in Kosovo, marked in blue Gora (Гора) is a geographical region in southern Kosovo, inhabited by the Gorani people. ... The term Serbia proper is often used in English to refer to the part of Serbia that lies outside the northern and southern autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Beograd, Београд ) is the capital of the Republic of Serbia, as well as the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia      â€“ Vojvodina   â€“ Montenegro Kosovo (UN administration) Official languages Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn1 Capital Novi Sad Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  21,500 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)  â€“ Density  2,031,992  94. ...


Population

Former Gora municipality in Kosovo, marked in blue
Former Gora municipality in Kosovo, marked in blue

The Gorani population numbered some 16,000, in the Gora administrative division, according to the 1991 census. This figure grew to over 20,000 by the start of the Kosovo War in 1999. The Gorani became targets of the Kosovo Liberation Army and the Kosovo Protection Corps after the retreat of the Yugoslav Army and arrival of KFor in June 1999. As a result, Gorani leaders estimate that fewer than 10,000 are left in Gora. The UN administration in Kosovo, UNMIK, has redrawn internal boundaries in the province in such a way that a Gorani-majority municipality no longer exists. The Gora was combined with the neighbouring Albanian-populated region of Opolje (some 20,000 people) into a new subdivision named Dragaš, which now has an Albanian majority. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x680, 88 KB)Kosovo ethnic map File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x680, 88 KB)Kosovo ethnic map File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Former Gora municipality in Kosovo, marked in blue Gora (Гора) is a geographical region in southern Kosovo, inhabited by the Gorani people. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Former Gora municipality in Kosovo, marked in blue Gora (Гора) is a geographical region in southern Kosovo, inhabited by the Gorani people. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is often used to describe two sequential and at times parallel armed conflicts (a civil war followed by an international war) in the southern Serbian province called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), part of the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Ushtria Çlirimtare e Kosovës. ... Kosovo Protection Corps (KPC or TMK in Albanian) Logo The Kosovo Protection Corps officially came into being on September 21 1999 with the promulgation of an UNMIK Regulation and the Statement of Principles providing provisional legal status for the Corps within Kosovo. ... Pocket badge of the KFOR Ukrainian soldier on foot patrolling in Serbian village near Brezovica KFOR vehicle of the French Army The Kosovo Force (KFOR) is a NATO-led international force responsible for establishing and maintaining security in Kosovo. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday Anno Domini (or the Current Era), and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... The United Nations Mission in Kosovo or UNMIK is an interim civilian administration of the Serbian province (as part of Serbia and Montenegro) called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), under the authority of the United Nations. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Culture

Gorani are traditionally known as good confectioners. The term confectionery refers to food items rich in sugar. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kosovo Info Web Portal (8492 words)
Kosovo Serb political leaders have voiced strong opposition to the removal of KFOR fixed security measures, most recently in the context of the bomb attacks that damaged two Serb Orthodox Churches in Istog/Istok municipality during the night of 17 November, shortly after the removal of the KFOR fixed protection.
The Kosovo Gorani community is critical of the failure of UNMIK Police to solve crimes affecting the local population.
Kosovo Serb inhabitants of the majority of the villages in the municipality are able to travel to Kamenicë/Kamenica town, to Gjilan/Gnjilane town, and to Serbia proper.
SECURITY COUNCIL URGES ALL MEN AND WOMEN OF KOSOVO TO VOTE IN NOVEMBER 17 ELECTIONS (1450 words)
The Council also called on all Kosovo’s leaders to publicly condemn violence and ethnic intolerance and to exert all their influences and assume their responsibility for actively ensuring that the campaign and the election were peaceful, democratic and inclusive.
With regard to the illegal trafficking of arms from Kosovo to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the responsibility to stop that activity remained that of UNMIK and KFOR, he said.  He stated that the Albanian militants had contacts with Osama bin Laden.
Haekkerup and UNMIK faced in accomplishing their objectives, which included necessary compromises.  The success of the general elections in Kosovo on 17 November should be supported by the entire international community.  For its part, Albania would contribute to the implementation of resolution 1244 and the preservation of peace and stability in the region.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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