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Encyclopedia > Gorée

Île de Gorée (i.e. "Gorée Island") (pronounced /goʀe/, not /gɔɹi/) is one of the 19 communes d'arrondissement (i.e. " A commune is a system of social and economic organization which involves the common ownership of resources and/or shared obligations. Within that framework, the word can have various meanings: An administrative subdivision of various European countries, including France; comprises cities, towns and villages A Medieval commune, a social organization... commune of An arrondissement is an administrative division in some francophone countries: France Paris Main article: Arrondissements of Paris The city of Paris, in France is divided into 20 arrondissements. Marseille and Lyon The French cities Marseille and Lyon are also divided into arrondissements. Administrative division of France Main article: Arrondissement in... arrondissement") of the city of (City of Dakar, divided into 19 communes darrondissement) City proper ( commune) Région Dakar Département Dakar Mayor Pape Diop ( PDS) (since 2002) Area 82.5 km² Subdivisions 19 communes darrondiss. Population 31.12.2004 estimate (Ranked 1st) 1,009,256 Density 12,233/km... Dakar, The Republic of Senegal is a country south of the Senegal River in West Africa. Senegal is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Mauritania to the north, Mali to the east, and Guinea and Guinea-Bissau to the south. The Gambia forms a virtual enclave within Senegal, following... Senegal. It is a 0.182 km² (45 This article is about the unit of measure known as the acre. For other definitions, see Acre (disambiguation). An acre is a measure of land area in Imperial units or U.S. customary units. It is equal to 43 560 square feet, or 4840 square yards. The precise meaning... acres) island located a mere 1 km. at sea from the main harbor of Dakar.


Its population as of 31.12.2004 official estimates is 1,034 inhabitants, giving a density of 5,678 inh. per km² (14,705 inh. per sq. mile), which is only half the average density of the city of Dakar. Gorée is both the smallest and the least populated of the 19 communes d'arrondissement of Dakar.


Gorée is famous as a former center of the The Atlantic slave trade was the capture and transport of black Africans into bondage and servitude in the New World. The slaves were one element of a three-part economic cycle—the Triangular Trade and its infamous Middle Passage—which ultimately involved four continents, four centuries and the... Atlantic slave trade from where many Black slaves where deported to the The Americas (sometimes referred to as America) is the area including the land mass located between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean, generally divided into North America and South America. The term also usually includes the Caribbean, the islands in and around the Greenland, though not Iceland, for cultural... Americas.

Contents

History and slave trade

Gorée is best known as the location of the House of Slaves ( French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. In 1999 French was the 11th most spoken language in the world being spoken by about 77 million people (called Francophones) as a mother tongue, and... French: Maison des esclaves), built by the Dutch in This article is about the year 1776. For the musical, see 1776 (musical) Events January 10 - Thomas Paine publishes Common Sense March 17 - American Revolutionary War: British forces evacuate Boston, Massachusetts after George Washington places artillery overlooking the city. March 28 - Juan Bautista de Anza finds the site for the... 1776, one of the houses of slaves that were used as a holding and transfer point for human cargo during the This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you might want to go back and fix it to point directly to the intended page. For specific articles on the slave trade... slave trade. The Dutch House of Slave was the last one built on the island, and the only one surviving. In fact it is one of the very few surviving testimonies of the slave trade carried out by the Europeans. It is now a popular A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. A tourist is someone who travels at least fifty miles from home, as defined by the World Tourism... tourist destination. Well known in the western world, Gorée was actually just one of the many places from where slave trade was conducted, and in fact it was much smaller than the island of Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar, Tanzania, comprises a pair of islands off the east coast of Africa called Zanzibar (Unguja) (1994 est. pop. 800,000, 1,554 km²) and Pemba. They are, together with Mafia Island, sometimes referred to as the Spice Islands, though the term is more... Zanzibar, off the coast of The United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania in Swahili) is a country on the east coast of central Africa. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda on the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique on... Tanzania, which was the largest center of the slave trade carried out by the Arabs. Zanzibar is arguably the largest slave trading center ever to have existed.


The island of Gorée was one of the first places in World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest continent in both area and population, after Eurasia. At about 30,244,050 km2 (11,677,240 mi2) including its adjacent islands, it covers 20.3 percent of the total land... Africa to be settled by This article is about the continent. For alternative meanings, see: Europe (disambiguation) A comprehensive collection of continental features is found in Europe, albeit on a smaller scale than elsewhere. Mountain ranges, peninsulas, islands and more arid or cold regions can be seen in this satellite composite image of Europe Europe... Europeans, the The Republic of Portugal (República Portuguesa), or Portugal, is a democratic republic located on the west and southwest parts of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe; it is the westernmost country in continental Europe. Portugal is bordered by Spain to the north and east and by the Atlantic... Portuguese setting foot on the island in Events March 1 - Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg proclaimed commander of the Albanian resistance April 16 - Truce of Tours. Five Year Truce between England and France August 26 - Battle of St. Jakob an der Birs in the Old Zürich War. Charles VII of France, seeking to send away troublesome troops made... 1444. Later it was captured by the The Netherlands ( Dutch: Nederland) is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands ( Dutch: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden). The Netherlands is a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch, located in northwestern Europe. It borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the... Netherlands in Events May 12 - Day of the Barricades in Paris. Duke Henry of Guise seizes the city, forcing King Henry III to flee. May 28 - The Spanish Armada, with 130 ships and 30,000 men, begins to set sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel (it will take until May... 1588, then the Portuguese again, and then eventually the The French Republic or France ( French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. France is a democracy organised as a... French in Events First performance of Racines tragedy, Phèdre Sarah Churchill marries John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough Battle of Cassel, Philippe I of Orléans defeats William of Orange Mary II of England marries William of Orange English Statute of frauds is passed into law Battle of Landskrona Elias... 1677. The island remained continuously French until 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January - State of emergency is lifted in Kenya - Mau Mau Rebellion is officially over January 1 - Independence of Cameroon January 9 - Aswan High Dam construction begins in Egypt January 14 - Ralph Chubb, the... 1960 when Senegal was granted independence, with only brief periods of English occupation during the various wars fought by France and England between 1677 and 1815.


The first house of slaves was built by the Portuguese in Events April 11 - Battle of Ceresole - French forces under the Comte dEnghien defeat Imperial forces under the Marques Del Vasto near Turin. May - Emperor Charles V again invades eastern France June 19 - August 18 - Imperial siege of St. Dizier in eastern France July 19 - September 14 - English forces under... 1544. After the French conquest in 1677, the slave trade from Gorée was essentially in the hands of the rich merchant families of City motto: Lilia sola regunt lunam undas castra leonem. ( Latin: Only the fleur-de-lis rule over the moon, the waves, the castle, and the lion) City proper ( commune) Région Aquitaine Département Gironde (33) Mayor Hugues Martin ( UMP) (since 2004) Area 49.36 km² Population... Bordeaux and For a place in Brazil, see Nantes, Brazil City motto: Favet Neptunus eunti. ( Latin: Shall Neptune favour the traveller) City proper ( commune) Région Pays-de-la-Loire Département Loire-Atlantique (44) Mayor Jean-Marc Ayrault ( PS) (since 1989) Area 65.19 km² Population 2004 estimate... Nantes in France, alongside other Europeans such as the Dutch. The tremendous prosperity of Nantes in the 18th century was based in a large measure on slave trade. The Black slaves from Gorée were destined essentially to the French colonies in the The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. These islands curve southward from the bottom tip of Florida to the Northwest of Venezuela in South America. There are at least 7000 islands, islets, reefs and cayes in the region. They are organized into... Caribbean (prominently Haiti is a country situated on the western third of the island of Hispaniola and the smaller islands of Gonâve, Tortue (Tortuga), Grande Caye, and Vache in the Caribbean Sea, east of Cuba; the Dominican Republic shares Hispaniola with Haiti. Its total land area is 10,714 square miles... Haiti) and in Louisiana is a southern state of the United States of America. It uses the U.S. postal abbreviation LA. The state is bordered to the west by the state of Texas, to the north by Arkansas, to the east by the state of Mississippi, and to the south by the... Louisiana, as well as to the Spanish colonies ( The Republic of Cuba is an archipelago in the northern Caribbean that lies at the confluence of the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. To the north are found the United States and the Bahamas, to the west Mexico, to the south the Cayman Islands and... Cuba essentially) and to the Portuguese colonies in The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in South America, and fifth largest in the world. Spanning a vast area between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean, it borders Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela... Brazil (some of which had been originally settled by the Dutch). It should be noted that contrary to legend, very few Black Americans from the The word Usa has more than one meaning: U.S.A. - The United States of America Usa, Oita - A city in Japan This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you... USA have ancestors who went through Gorée, as the English colonists had other sources of "import" for their slaves. Those who can with most certainty consider Gorée as a transit point for their ancestors are the Black Americans whose family are from the south of Louisiana, some of which actually still speak some sort of French (see For the languages, see Creole language The term Creole is used with different meanings in different contexts, which can generate confusion. Generally it refers to a people or a culture that is distinctive or local to a region, but with various additional shades of meaning. Latin American Creole In most... Creole culture). As Black people have migrated a lot throughout the US in the last 100 years, it can be difficult to know with certainty which Black family was originally from French Louisiana. A good rule of thumb is religion: any Black American from the USA whose family is Catholic (traditionally, not recently converted) is very likely descending from Black slaves imported by the French colonists through Gorée.


In February Events February 11 - 1st session of the United States Senate is open to the public. March 14 - Eli Whitney is granted a patent for the cotton gin. March 27 - The United States Government established a permanent United States Navy and authorized the building of six vessels (in 1797 the first... 1794, during the The period of the French Revolution in the history of France covers the years between 1789 and 1799, in which democrats and republicans overthrew the absolute monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church was forced to undergo radical restructuring. While France would oscillate among republic, empire, and monarchy for 75 years... French Revolution, France was the first country in the world to abolish slavery (with the exception of a few precedents set by some US states such as Vermont in 1777), and so the slave trade from Gorée stopped. However, in May Events March 16 - West Point is established. March 25/27 - Treaty of Amiens between France and United Kingdom ends the War of the Second Coalition. March 28 - H. W. Olbers discovers the asteroid Pallas. May 19 - Napoleon Bonaparte establishes the French légion dhonneur (Legion of Honour). July 4... 1802 For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). Portrait of Napoléon Bonaparte Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general and ruler of France. He was a general of the French Revolution and became the effective ruler of France in 1799: he was First Consul (Premier... Napoleon reestablished slavery after intense lobbying from the sugar A sugarcane plantation at Ribeirão Preto, Brazil, 2005 A plantation is a large tract of monoculture, as a tree plantation, a cotton plantation, a tea plantation or a tobacco plantation. A plantation is not a natural ecosystem. In Brazil, a sugar plantation was termed an engenho (engine) and a... plantations' owners of the Caribbean The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. They are subdivided into 342 arrondissements. Départements are also found in Côte dIvoire. Administrative role Each... départements of France, who found precious support in the very wife of Napoleon, Joséphine de Beauharnais, daughter of a rich plantation owner from The département of Martinique is an overseas département (département doutre-mer, or DOM) of France, located in the Caribbean Sea. The capital is Fort-de-France. Population at the 1999 census: 381,427 inhabitants. Population as of 1.1. 2004 estimates: 393,000... Martinique. In March 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). Events January 3 - Austria, Britain, and France form a secret defensive alliance treaty against Prussia and Russia. January 4 - Netherlands, Foundation of the first dutch student association, the Groninger Studenten Corps, Vindicat Atque Polit. The first rector of... 1815, during his political comeback known as the For information about the legislative programs of Franklin D. Roosevelt, see New Deal. The Hundred Days (French Cent-Jours) or the Waterloo Campaign commonly names the period between 20 March 1815, the date on which Napoleon Bonaparte arrived in Paris after his return from Elba, and 28 June 1815, the... Hundred Days, Napoleon definitely abolished slave trade in order to ingratiate himself with England which had abolished it in 1807, and this time the abolition was not reversed. Thus, Gorée officially stopped to be a slave trading point in 1815. In reality, however, the abolition of slave trade was not effectively enforced by the French government, and a clandestine slave trade remained active until 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). Events Monument for the leaders of the 1848 Matale rebellion, Sri Lanka The Revolution of 1848 (qv.), a series of widespread but failed struggles for more liberal governments, from Brazil to Hungary. January 24 - California gold... 1848, when the newly founded The French Second Republic (often simply Second Republic) was the republican regime of France from February 25, 1848 to December 2, 1852. It came to power as a result of the 1848 Revolution and is counted as the second republic because the government during the French Revolution is counted as... Second Republic finally abolished slavery for good in all the territories under French sovereignty.


Despite the changes brought about by the end of the slave trade, the island of Gorée grew rapidly as a Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ... port with a population of over 6,000 people. When French rule in Senegal was finally cemented, the The peninsula of Cap-Vert (Cape Verde, meaning green point) is the westernmost part of the continent of Africa. It is a rocky promontory extending west from the main sandy areas of Senegal. The capital of Senegal, the large city of Dakar, is located near the tip. Cap-Vert has... Cap Vert A peninsula is a geographical formation consisting of an extension of land from a larger body that is surrounded by water on three sides. A peninsula can also be a headland, cape, promontory or spit. Peninsulas ( or peninsulae ) of the world: Continental Europe Apsheron, Azerbaijan Balkan peninsula Brittany, France Butjadingen... peninsula became safe enough for most to move on the mainland with the foundation of Dakar in 1857.


Administration

With the foundation of Dakar in 1857, Gorée lost much of its importance. In 1872, the French colonial authorities created the two A commune is a system of social and economic organization which involves the common ownership of resources and/or shared obligations. Within that framework, the word can have various meanings: An administrative subdivision of various European countries, including France; comprises cities, towns and villages A Medieval commune, a social organization... communes of Saint-Louis or Saint-Louis du Sénégal (locally called Ndar in the Wolof language) is a city (pop. ~180,000) in the northwest of Senegal near the mouth of the Senegal River. It is the capital of the Saint-Louis region. History Saint-Louis was the capital of... Saint-Louis and Gorée, the first western-style municipalities in West Africa, with exactly the same status as any The commune is an administrative division of France. The rights and obligations of communes are governed by the Code général des collectivités territoriales (CGCT) which replaced the Code des communes (except for personnel matters) with the passage of the law of 21 February 1996 for legislation and... commune in France. Dakar, on the mainland, was part of the commune of Gorée, whose administration was located on the island. However, as early as 1887 is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). Events January January 20 - The United States Senate allows the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor as a naval base. January 21 - The Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) is formed January 26 - Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian troops defeat Italians... 1887, Dakar was detached from the commune of Gorée and was turned into a commune in its own right. Thus, the commune of Gorée became limited to its tiny island.


In 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). Events January 1 - Paying of old age pensions begins in Germany January 20 - James Hogg becomes the first native Texan to be governor of that state. January 29 - Liliuokalani proclaimed Queen of Hawaii March 3 - The International Copyright... 1891, Gorée still had 2,100 inhabitants, while Dakar only had 8,737 inhabitants. However, by 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-April January 1 - Irelands first regular radio service, 2RN (later Radio Éireann), begins broadcasting. January 8 - Abdul-Aziz ibn Saud becomes the King of Hejaz January 12 - Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll... 1926 the population of Gorée had declined to only 700 inhabitants, while the population of Dakar had increased to 33,679 inhabitants. Thus, in 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 2 - Canada and the United States agree on a plan to preserve Niagara Falls. January 9 - The Seeing Eye is established with the mission to train dogs to assist the blind ( Nashville, Tennessee... 1929 it was decided to merge Gorée with Dakar. The commune of Gorée disappeared, and Gorée was now only a small island of the commune of Dakar.


In 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. Events Environmental change The invasive species Asian long-horned beetle is found in New York January 7 - One of the worst blizzards in American history hits eastern... 1996, a massive reform of the administrative and political divisions of Senegal was voted by the Parliament of Senegal. The commune of Dakar, deemed too large and too populated to be properly managed by a central municipality, was divided into 19 communes d'arrondissement to which extensive powers were given. The commune of Dakar was maintained above these 19 communes d'arrondissement, and it coordinates the activities of the communes d'arrondissement, much as The administrative area of Greater London combines the City of London, the City of Westminster and 31 other London boroughs, and encompasses what is commonly known simply as London, capital of the United Kingdom. It covers 1579 km2 and had a population of 7,172,036 at the 2001 census... Greater London coordinate the activities of the The administrative area of Greater London contains 32 London Boroughs, of which twelve (plus the City of London) make up Inner London and twenty Outer London. Map History The present boroughs came into existence on April 1, 1965 with the creation of the Greater London Council (GLC). The first London... London boroughs.


Thus, in 1996 the commune of Gorée was resurrected, although it is now only a commune d'arrondissement (but in fact with powers quite similar to a commune). The new commune d'arrondissement of Gorée, which is officially known in French as the Commune d'Arrondissement de l'île de Gorée, retook possession of the old mairie (town hall) in the center of the island, which had been used as the mairie of the former commune of Gorée between 1872 and 1929.


The commune d'arrondissement of Gorée is ruled by a municipal council (conseil municipal) democratically elected every 5 years, and by a mayor elected by members of the municipal council.


The current mayor of Gorée is Augustin Senghor, elected in 2002.


Island historial sites

Other attractions on the island include three A museum is a non-profit making, permanent institution in the service of society and of its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits, for purposes of study, education and enjoyment, the tangible and intangible evidence of people and their environment. This definition is taken... museums, one dedicated to Image of a woman on the Pioneer plaque sent to outer space. A woman is a female human being (specifically an adult, a female child is a girl), as contrasted to a man, an adult male (as a child, boy). The terms woman (irregular plural: women) and girl are used... women, one to the Archaeological findings throughout the area indicate that Senegal was inhabited in prehistoric times. Islam established itself in the Senegal River valley in the 11th century; 95% of Senegalese today are Muslims. In the 13th and 14th centuries, the area came under the influence of the Mandingo empires to the east... history of Senegal and one to the Sunset at sea A sea is a large expanse of saline water connected with an ocean, or a large, usually saline, lake that lacks a natural outlet such as the Caspian Sea and the Dead Sea. The Sea of Galilee is a small freshwater lake with a natural outlet, but... sea; the (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. During this period, the power of England and the United Provinces increased; while that of Spain and Portugal declined. Similarly, the power... seventeenth century Gorée Police Station, Gorée Castle and a small This article is about the geological formation. For Lord Emsworths butler in the stories of P. G. Wodehouse, see Sebastian Beach. Beach A beach or strand is a geological formation consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, shingle, or cobble along the shoreline of a body of water... beach.


The island is a UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1946. The Organization’s main objective is to contribute to peace and security by promoting collaboration among the nations through education, science and culture... UNESCO Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain range, lake, desert, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated for the international World Heritage... World Heritage Site.


External link

  • UNESCO page on Gorée (http://webworld.unesco.org/goree/)

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