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Encyclopedia > Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Gopal Krishna Gokhale
May 9, 1866February 19, 1915

Sketch of Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Place of birth: Kothluk, Ratnagiri Dist., Maharastra, India
Place of death: Bombay, India
Movement: Indian Independence movement
Major organizations: Indian National Congress, Deccan Education Society

Gopal Krishna Gokhale (गोपाल कृष्‍ण गोखले) born May 9, 1866, in Kolhat, Maharashtra, India was one of the founding social and political leaders during the Indian Independence Movement against the British Empire in India. Gokhale was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and the Servants of India Society. The latter was committed to only social reform, whereas the Congress Party in Gokhale's time was the main vehicle for Indian political representation. May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 449 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (650 × 867 pixel, file size: 91 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)source [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Ratnagiri is a city in India, located in the southwestern part of Maharashtra State on the Arabian Sea coast, in the Ratnagiri district. ... Maharashtra (महाराष्ट्र) is a state in west-central India. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... The Indian independence movement incorporated the efforts by Indians to liberate the region from British rule and form the nation-state of India. ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Maharashtra   (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , English: , IPA: ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... The Indian independence movement incorporated the efforts by Indians to liberate the region from British rule and form the nation-state of India. ... The flag of British India British India, circa 1860 The British Raj (Raj in Hindi meaning Rule; from Sanskrit Rajya) was the British rule between 1858 and 1947 of the Indian Subcontinent, which included the present-day India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Burma (Myanmar), whereby these lands were under the colonial... Indian National Congress (also known as the Congress Party and abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India. ... The Servants of India Society was formed in the late 1880s by a small group of educated Indians who wanted to promote social and human development in India. ...

Contents

Early life

Gopal Krishna Gokhale's father Krishna Rao was working as a clerk and His mother Valubai Gokhale, a housewife. Krishna Rao Gokhale had farm land, but was forced to work as a clerk due to poor soil and inadequate irrigational facilities available at that time. Krishna Rao Gokhale was working from Tamhanala, another small village very near to Kothluk Village in Ratnagiri district of Maharastra. Ratnagiri is a city in India, located in the southwestern part of Maharashtra State on the Arabian Sea coast, in the Ratnagiri district. ... Maharashtra (महाराष्ट्र) is a state in west-central India. ...


Gopal Krishna Gokhale completed his secondary education from Rajaram High School in Kothapur. After completion of highschool he moved to Bombay for further studies at the Elphinstone College. He completed his graduation in 1888. Gopal Krishna Gokhale was a hardworking and talented student in the last year of his college and was awarded a scholarship of Rs. 20. This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... Elphinstone College, Mumbai is one of the oldest in the University of Mumbai system. ... ISO 4217 Code INR User(s) India Inflation 5. ...


After graduation he moved to Pune and joined the New English School as an Assistant Master. During this period he complied a book of arithmetic in collabration with his colleague N.J. Bapat. He actively participated in the acadmeic and educational circles of Pune. He actively particpated in the Deccan Education Society and was the founding member of Fergusson College at Pune in 1885. He worked for more than twenty years in this college. Because of his knowledge of and facility for teaching a broad variety of subjects, he was known as "Professor to Order". Pune (Marathi: पुणे), is a city located in the western Indian state of Maharashtra. ... Arithmetic or arithmetics (from the Greek word αριθμός = number) is the oldest and most elementary branch of mathematics, used by almost everyone, for tasks ranging from simple daily counting to advanced science and business calculations. ... Main Building of Fergusson College Kimaya, the cultural center Fergusson College is one of the well known colleges in western India, in the city of Pune. ...


Education and social reform

Gokhale was an early Indian champion for public education. Being one of the first generations of Indians to receive a college education, and a teacher at Fergusson College, Pune,[1] Gokhale was respected widely both in the nascent Indian intellectual community and by the people of India. He was seen by the people as one of the least elitist of the educated community of India. Coming from a background of poverty, Gokhale was seen as a man of the people, and was a hero to young Indians of the early 20th century. He worked among the common people to encourage education and public development. He actively spoke against ignorance, casteism and untouchability in Indian society. He was also reputed for working towards trust and friendship between the Hindu and Muslim communities of India. It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Main Building of Fergusson College Kimaya, the cultural center Fergusson College is one of the well known colleges in western India, in the city of Pune. ... Pune (Marathi: पुणे), is a city located in the western Indian state of Maharashtra. ... Elitism is a belief or attitude that an elite — a selected group of persons whose personal abilities, specialized training or other attributes place them at the top of any field (see below) — are the people whose views on a matter are to be taken most seriously, or who are alone... The word Caste is derived from the Portuguese word casta, meaning lineage, breed or race. ... In South Asias caste system, an untouchable, dalit, or achuta is a person outside of the four castes, and considered below them. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ...


Indian National Congress

Along with other contemporary leaders like Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Dadabhai Naoroji, Bipin Chandra Pal, Lala Lajpat Rai and Annie Besant, Gokhale fought for decades to obtain greater political representation and power over public affairs for common Indians. He was moderate in his views and attitudes, and sought to petition the British authorities by cultivating a process of dialogue and discussion which would yield greater British respect for Indian rights. Gokhale had visited Ireland[2] and had arranged for an Irish nationalist, Alfred Webb, to serve as President of the Indian National Congress in 1894. In 1906, Gokhale and Tilak were the respective leaders of the moderates and the "extremists" (the latter now known by the more politically correct term, 'aggressive nationalists') in the Congress. Tilak was an advocate of civil agitation and direct revolution to overthrow the British Empire, whereas Gokhale was a moderate reformist. As a result, the Congress Party split into two wings. The two sides would later patch up in 1916. Bal Gangadhar Tilak (1856 - 1920), was an Indian nationalist, social reformer and freedom fighter who was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement. ... Statue of Naoroji in Mumbai Dadabhai Naoroji (4 September 1825–30 June 1917) was a Parsi intellectual and educator, and an early Indian political leader. ... He was one of the trilogy of the three Extremist patriots of the Indian National Congress who had fought and gave his life during Indias freedom struggle in the first half of the twentieth century. ... Lala Lajpat Rai was an Indian author and politician who is chiefly remembered as a leader in the Indian fight for freedom from the British Raj. ... Annie Besant Plaque on house in Colby Road, London SE19 where Annie Besant lived in 1874. ... Alfred Webb (1834-1908) was an Irish politician and Member of Parliament for the West Waterford constituency who played a role in every major nationalist organization from Butt’s Home Government Association to the United Irish League. ... Political correctness is the alteration of language to redress real or alleged injustices and discrimination or to avoid offense. ...


Political convictions

Gokhale did not support explicit Indian independence, for such an idea was not understood or expressed among Indians until after World War I. Historically, Gokhale is viewed as a teacher and nurturer of a whole new generation of leaders, including Mahatma Gandhi. This article is becoming very long. ... Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Gujarati: , Hindi: , IAST: mohandās karamcand gāndhī, IPA: ) (October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948), was a major political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement. ...


Mentor to Gandhi

Gokhale was famously a mentor to Mahatma Gandhi in his formative years. Gandhi as a young barrister returned from his struggles against the Empire in South Africa, and received personal guidance from Gokhale, including a knowledge and understanding of India and the issues confronting common Indians. By 1920, Gandhi would emerge as the leader of the Indian Independence Movement. In his autobiography, Gandhi calls Gokhale his mentor and guide, while Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the future founder of Pakistan, in 1912 aspired to become the "Muslim Gokhale", and an "ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity." This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Story of My Experiments with Truth (or My Experiments with Truth) – the autobiography of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (or Mahatma Gandhi) covers his life from early childhood through to 1920, and is a popular and influential book. ... Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah of Pakistan Mohammad Ali Jinnah (referred to in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Azam, or Great Leader, which is a legally defined title) (December 25, 1876 - September 11, 1948) was an Indian Muslim nationalist, who led the movement demanding a separate homeland for Muslims in...


Notes

  1. ^ Fergusson College Department of Mathematics web page. Retrieved on 2006-08-11.
  2. ^ Cited by John Hume in his acceptance speech for the 2001 Gandhi Peace Prize. Reported in Seminar Magazine No.511 March 2002, accessed at [1] July 26, 2006

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... John Hume. ... The International Gandhi Peace Prize, named after Mahatma Gandhi, is awarded anually by the government of India for outstanding work and contribution to social, economic and political transformation through non-violence and other Gandhian methods. ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

References

  • M.K. Gandhi: My Autobiography, or The Story of My Experiments With Truth (1929)
  • Jinnah of Pakistan by Stanely Wolpert printed by Oxford University Press


          Indian Independence Movement               
History: Colonisation - British East India Company - Plassey - Buxar - British India - French India - Portuguese India - More...
Philosophies: Indian nationalism - Swaraj - Gandhism - Satyagraha - Hindu nationalism - Indian Muslim nationalism - Swadeshi - Socialism
Events and movements: Rebellion of 1857 - Partition of Bengal - Revolutionaries - Champaran and Kheda - Jallianwala Bagh Massacre - Non-Cooperation - Flag Satyagraha - Bardoli - 1928 Protests - Nehru Report - Purna Swaraj - Salt Satyagraha - Act of 1935 - Legion Freies Indien - Cripps' mission - Quit India - Indian National Army - Bombay Mutiny
Organisations: Indian National Congress - Ghadar - Home Rule - Khudai Khidmatgar - Swaraj Party - Anushilan Samiti - Azad Hind - More...
Indian leaders: Mangal Pandey - Rani of Jhansi - Bal Gangadhar Tilak - Gopal Krishna Gokhale - Lala Lajpat Rai - Bipin Chandra Pal - Mahatma Gandhi - Sardar Patel - Subhash Chandra Bose - Badshah Khan - Jawaharlal Nehru - Maulana Azad - Chandrasekhar Azad - Rajaji - Bhagat Singh - Sarojini Naidu - Purushottam Das Tandon - Tanguturi Prakasam - More...
British Raj: Robert Clive - James Outram - Dalhousie - Irwin - Linlithgow - Wavell - Stafford Cripps - Mountbatten - More...
Independence: Cabinet Mission - Indian Independence Act - Partition of India - Political integration - Constitution - Republic of India

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gopal Krishna Gokhale - LoveToKnow 1911 (403 words)
"GOPAL KRISHNA GOKHALE (1866-1915), Indian constitutional leader, was born at Kolhapur in 1866 of a humble Chitpavan Brahman family.
In the enlarged Viceregal Legislature elected in 1910 Gokhale promoted measures for compulsory education on a basis of local option, but did not survive to see this principle introduced from 1918 onwards in most of the provinces.
Gokhale's speeches down to 1908 were published in Madras and there are many small memoirs, but no authoritative life has been written.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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