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Encyclopedia > Google Book Search
Google Book Search
Google Book Search's Beta Logo

Google Book Search screenshot
Developer: Google
OS: Any (web based application)
Genre: Online Library Book Search
Website: http://books.google.com/

Google Book Search is a tool from Google that searches the full text of books that Google scans and stores in its digital database. The service was formerly known as Google Print when it was introduced at the Frankfurt Book Fair in October 2004. When relevant to a user's keyword search, up to three results from the Google Book Search index are displayed above search results in the Google Web Search service (google.com). A user may also search just for books at the dedicated Google Book Search service. Clicking a result from Google Book Search opens an interface in which the user may view pages from the book as well as content-related advertisements and links to the publisher's website and booksellers. Through a variety of access limitations and security measures, some based on user-tracking, Google limits the number of viewable pages and attempts to prevent page printing and text copying of material under copyright.[1] Image File history File links Gnome_globe_current_event. ... Software redirects here. ... Software development stages In computer programming, development stage terminology expresses how the development of a piece of software has progressed and how much further development it may require. ... Image File history File links Nuvola_apps_kpager. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 500 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,680 × 1,050 pixels, file size: 919 KB, MIME type: image/png) This is a screenshot of a copyrighted web page, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by owner of the website. ... “Software development” redirects here. ... This article is about the corporation. ... An operating system (OS) is the software that manages the sharing of the resources of a computer and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... Computer software can be organized into categories based on common function, type, or field of use. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... This article is about the corporation. ... The Frankfurt Book Fair (German: Frankfurter Buchmesse) is the worlds largest trade fair for books, held annually in mid-October in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. ...


The Google Book Search service remains in a beta stage but the underlying database continues to grow, with more than a hundred thousand titles added by publishers and authors and some 10,000 works in the public domain now indexed and included in search results. Google Book Search allows public-domain works and other out-of-copyright material to be downloaded in PDF format. For users outside the United States, though, Google must be sure that the work in question is indeed out of copyright under local laws. Says a member of the Google Book Search Support Team, "Since whether a book is in the public domain can often be a tricky legal question, we err on the side of caution and display at most a few snippets until we have determined that the book has entered the public domain."[2] 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Software development stages In computer programming, development stage terminology expresses how the development of a piece of software has progressed and how much further development it may require. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ...


Many of the books are scanned using Google's undisclosed proprietary method, most likely through the use of a robotic book scanner, where books are placed into the machine by a human operator and "scanned" (in practice, a digital camera is used at a distance) at a rate of 1,000 pages per hour.[3] The rapidity of the scanning precludes checking the pages. Hence, some pages are not scanned or are scanned in such a fashion as to make them unreadable.[4][5][6][7] A number of companies are now manufacturing Robotic Book Scanners. ...


As of 2006, neither Google, nor rival Microsoft, would reveal how many books they have already scanned.[8] Google did say that it is scanning more than 3,000 books per day, a rate that translates into more than 1 million annually.[9] The entire project may exceed $US 100 million dollars.[10]. As of March 2007, the New York Times reported that Google has already digitized one million volumes at an estimated cost of US$5 million[9]. 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... USD redirects here. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ...

Contents

Timeline

Hand digitization, University of Michigan, 2006
Hand digitization, University of Michigan, 2006
  • In December 2004, Google signaled an extension to its Google Print initiative known as the Google Print Library Project.[11] Google announced partnerships with several high-profile university and public libraries, including the University of Michigan, Harvard (Widener Library), Stanford (Green Library), Oxford (Bodleian Library), and the New York Public Library. According to press releases and university librarians, Google plans to digitize and make available through its Google Book Search service approximately 15 million volumes within a decade. The announcement soon triggered controversy, as publisher and author associations challenged Google's plans to digitize, not just books in the public domain, but also titles still under copyright.
  • On November 17, 2005, Google changed the name of this service from Google Print to Google Book Search.[12] Its program enabling publishers and authors to include their books in the service was renamed Google Books Partner Program and the partnership with libraries became Google Books Library Project.
  • On August 10, 2006 the University of California System announced that it would join the Book Search digitization project. This includes a portion of the 34 million volumes within the approximately 100 libraries managed by the System.
  • On October 12, 2006 the University of Wisconsin-Madison announced that it would join the Book Search digitization project along with the Wisconsin Historical Society Library. Combined, the libraries have 7.2 million holdings.[13]
  • On January 19, 2007 the University of Texas at Austin announced that it would join the Book Search digitization project. At least one million volumes will be digitized from the University's 13 library locations.
  • On March 6, 2007 the Bavarian State Library announced a partnership with Google to scan more than a million public domain and out-of-print works in German as well as English, French, Italian, Latin, and Spanish.[14]
  • On May 17, 2007, a partnership was announced with the Cantonal and University Library of Lausanne.[15]
  • May 2007: The Boekentoren Library of Ghent University will participate with 19th century books in the French and Dutch languages.[16]
  • June 2007: The Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC) announced that its twelve member libraries would participate in scanning 10 million books over the course of the next six years.[17]
  • On July 10, 2007 Keio University became Google's first library partner in Japan with the announcement that they would digitize at least 120,000 public domain books.[18]
  • On August 8, 2007 Google announced that it would digitize up to 500,000 both copyrighted and public domain items from Cornell University Library. Google will also provide a digital copy of all works scanned to be incorporated into the university’s own library system.[19]
  • On September 6, 2007 Google added a feature that allows users to share snippets of books that are in the public domain. The snippets may appear exactly as they do in the scan of the book or as plain text.[20]
  • On September 6, 2007 A feature called My Library was added that allows users to create personal customized libraries, selections of books that they can label, review, rate, or full-text search.[21]

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (U of M, UM or simply Michigan) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Michigan, and one of the foremost universities in the United States. ... The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (U of M, UM or simply Michigan) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Michigan, and one of the foremost universities in the United States. ... Harvard redirects here. ... Old picture of the Widener Library. ... Stanford may refer: Stanford University Places: Stanford, Kentucky Stanford, California, home of Stanford University Stanford Shopping Center Stanford, New York, town in Dutchess County. ... Green Library at Stanford University, vintage linen-era postcard The Cecil H. Green Library is the main library on the Stanford University campus and part of Stanford University Libraries and Acedemic Information Resources (SULAIR). ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... Entrance to the Library, with the coats-of-arms of several Oxford colleges The Bodleian Library, the main research library of the University of Oxford, is one of the oldest libraries in Europe, and in England is second in size only to the British Library. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Google Books Library Project provides an opportunity to read online or download digitized copies of older or out-of-copyright books — and rare books — from libraries worldwide. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of California (UC) is a public university system within the State of California. ... is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... University of Wisconsin redirects here. ... Wisconsin Historical Society Headquarters, Madison, Wisconsin. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... University of Texas redirects here. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (right) on Ludwigstraße, Munich The Bavarian State Library (German: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek), located in Munich, is the central library of the German state of Bavaria and one of the largest libraries in the German-speaking world. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The Boekentoren, (Dutch for Book Tower) is a famous building located in Ghent, Belgium, designed by the Belgian architect Henry Van de Velde. ... Ghent University (in Dutch, Universiteit Gent, abbreviated UGent) is one of the three large Flemish universities. ... The Committee on Institutional Cooperation, established in 1958, is a consortium of twelve universities (the eleven members of the Big Ten Conference and the University of Chicago) committed to advancing academic excellence by promoting and coordinating collaborative activities and sharing resources. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Keio University ) is one of the oldest private universities in Japan. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The Cornell University Library, the library system of Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, which is composed of 20 individual libraries, is one of the largest research libraries in the United States. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Library Participants

Princeton University is a private coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. ... Harvard redirects here. ... The Harry Elkins Widener Memorial Library, commonly known as Widener Library, is the primary building of the library system of Harvard University. ... The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (U of M, UM or simply Michigan) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Michigan, and one of the foremost universities in the United States. ... Stanford redirects here. ... University of Texas redirects here. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... Plaque on Bascom Hall, UW-Madison. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced Riverside San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... The California Digital Library, or CDL, is a joint project of the University of California libraries. ... The Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (right) on Ludwigstraße, Munich The Bavarian State Library (German: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek), located in Munich, is the central library of the German state of Bavaria and one of the largest libraries in the German-speaking world. ... The University of Oxford (informally Oxford University), located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... Entrance to the Library, with the coats-of-arms of several Oxford colleges The Bodleian Library, the main research library of the University of Oxford, is one of the oldest libraries in Europe, and in England is second in size only to the British Library. ... The Complutense University of Madrid (Spanish: , UCM) is the most prestigious Spanish university and one of the oldest universities in the world. ... Ghent University (in Dutch, Universiteit Gent, abbreviated UGent) is one of the three large Flemish universities. ... The Committee on Institutional Cooperation, established in 1958, is a consortium of twelve universities (the eleven members of the Big Ten Conference and the University of Chicago) committed to advancing academic excellence by promoting and coordinating collaborative activities and sharing resources. ... Keio University ) is one of the oldest private universities in Japan. ... Cornell redirects here. ...

Opposition


Google Book Search remains controversial. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ...


While librarians hail the initiative for its potential to offer unprecedented access to what may become the largest online corpus of human knowledge,[35][36] the publishing industry and writers' groups have criticized the project's inclusion of snippets of copyrighted works as infringement. The Authors Guild of America[37] and Association of American Publishers[38][39] have separately sued Google, citing "massive copyright infringement." Google claims its project represents a fair use, and is the digital age equivalent of a card catalog with every word in the publication indexed. Authors Guild is a 86-year-old (as of September 2005) professional group for published writers. ... The Association of American Publishers is the national trade association of the U.S. book publishing industry. ... This article is about the corporation. ... The Cathach of St. ... For fair use in trademark law, see Fair use (US trademark law). ... There are various forms of catalog or catalogue, each organized registers of some set of objects. ...


Some European politicians and intellectuals have criticized Google's effort on "language-imperialism" grounds, arguing that because the vast majority of books proposed to be scanned are in English, it will result in disproportionate representation of natural languages in the digital world. German, Russian, and French, for instance, are popular languages in scholarship; the disproportionate online emphasis on English could shape access to historical scholarship, and, ultimately, the growth and direction of future scholarship. Among these critics is Jean-Noël Jeanneney, the president of the Bibliothèque nationale de France[40] Jean-Noël Jeanneney is a French historian and politician, born on 2 April 1942 in Grenoble. ... The new buildings of the library. ...


In June 2006, a French publisher announced its intention to sue Google France.[41] In 2006 a previously-filed German lawsuit was withdrawn.[42]


In March 2007, Thomas Rubin, associate general counsel for copyright, trademark, and trade secrets at Microsoft, accused Google of violating copyright law with their book search service. Rubin specifically criticized Google's policy of freely copying any work until notified by the copyright holder to stop.[43]


Siva Vaidhyanathan, associate professor of Media Studies and Law at the University of Virginia has published the opinion [44], that the project poses a danger for the doctrine of fair use, because the fair use claims are arguably so excessive that it may cause judicial limitation of that right. [45] Siva Vaidhyanathan (born June 16, 1966) is a cultural historian and media scholar, and is currently an associate professor of culture and communication at New York University. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... For fair use in trademark law, see Fair use (US trademark law). ...


Google licensing of public domain works is also an area of concern [citation needed], Google apparently is claiming a restrictive 'No-Commercial use' term in respect of the PDF electronic versions it provides, as well as using digital watermarking techniques with them. Some articles that are in the public domain, such as all works created by the U.S. Federal government, are still treated like other works under copyright, and therefore locked after 1922.[46] An image with visible digital watermarking. ...


In addition, there is the matter of quality. Portions of text are sometimes cut off by poor placement on the surface of the scanner, and the hands and fingers of the scanning personnel are sometimes visible on the scanned page, usually covering text. Google does provide a feedback mechanism for reporting illegible or missing pages.[47]


References

  1. ^ Greg Duffy (March 2005). Google's Cookie and Hacking Google Print. Kuro5hin.
  2. ^ Ryan Sands (November 9, 2006). From the mail bag: Public domain books and downloads (blog). Inside Google Book Search.
  3. ^ Kevin Kelly. "Scan This Book!", New York Times Magazine, May 14, 2006.
  4. ^ In Species Plantarum, it is difficult to find early pages (no pagination) and an image of the robotic page turner is seen.
  5. ^ In The Merry-Go-Round, there are pages (e.g. 326) blocked by debris on the scanner.
  6. ^ In The Making of a Saint , pages (i.e. page 4) are cut in two and unreadable.
  7. ^ In Italian Villas by Edith Wharton, some pages cut off, missing, or un-readable.
  8. ^ "Microsoft starts online library in challenge to Google Books." AFP Worldwide.
  9. ^ a b New York Times; March 11, 2007; History, Digitized (and Abridged)[1]
  10. ^ CIO Today; December 20, 2006
  11. ^ Joseph O'Sullivan, Adam Smith (December 14, 2004). All booked up (blog). Googleblog.
  12. ^ Jen Grant (November 17, 2005). Judging Book Search by its cover (blog). Googleblog.
  13. ^ UW-Madison joins Google's worldwide book digitization project (press release) (2006-10-12). Retrieved on 2007-04-10.
  14. ^ Bavarian library joins Google book search project CNET News.com March 6, 2007
  15. ^ "La Bibliothèque, C'est Google" by Brock Read. Wired Campus Newsletter, Chronicle of Higher Education, [2]
  16. ^ [3]
  17. ^ [4]
  18. ^ http://booksearch.blogspot.com/2007/07/keio-university-joins-googles-library.html
  19. ^ http://library.cornell.edu/communications/Google/
  20. ^ http://booksearch.blogspot.com/2007/08/share-and-enjoy.html
  21. ^ http://books.google.com/googlebooks/mylibrary/
  22. ^ [5]
  23. ^ [6]
  24. ^ [7]
  25. ^ [8]
  26. ^ [9]
  27. ^ [10]
  28. ^ [11]
  29. ^ [12]
  30. ^ [13]
  31. ^ [14]
  32. ^ [15]
  33. ^ [16]
  34. ^ http://www.keio.ac.jp/english/news/2007/070712.html
  35. ^ Bergquist, Kevin. "Google project promotes public good", The University Record, University of Michigan, 2006-02-13. Retrieved on 2007-04-11. 
  36. ^ Pace, Andrew K. (January 2006). Is This the Renaissance or the Dark Ages?. American Libraries. American Library Association. Retrieved on 2007-04-11. “Google made instant e-book believers out of skeptics even though 10 years of e-book evangelism among librarians had barely made progress.”
  37. ^ Aiken, Paul (2005-09-20). Authors Guild Sues Google, Citing "Massive Copyright Infringement" (press release). The Authors Guild. Retrieved on 2007-04-11.
  38. ^ Gilbert, Alorie. "Publishers sue Google over book search project", CNET News, 2005-10-19. Retrieved on 2007-04-11. 
  39. ^ The McGraw Hill Companies, Inc.; Pearson Education, Inc.; Penguin Group (USA) Inc.; Simon and Schuster, Inc.; John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Plaintiffs, v. Google Inc., Defendant. Retrieved on 2007-10-05. PDF file of the complaint. SD. N.Y. Case No. 05-CV-8881-JES.
  40. ^ Jean-Noël Jeanneney (2006-10-23). Google and the Myth of Universal Knowledge: A View from Europe (book abstract; Foreword by Ian Wilson). ISBN 0-226-39577-4. Retrieved on 2007-02-21. 
  41. ^ John Oates. "French publisher sues Google", The Register, June 7, 2006. 
  42. ^ Danny Sullivan (2006-06-28). Google Book Search Wins Victory In German Challenge (blog). Search Engine Watch. Retrieved on 2006-11-11.
  43. ^ Thomas Claburn. "Microsoft Attorney Accuses Google Of Copyright Violations", InformationWeek, March 6, 2007. 
  44. ^ Siva Vaidhyanathan,. “The Googlization of Everything and the Future of Copyright,” University of California Davis Law Review volume 40 (March 2007), pp. 1207–1231, pdf
  45. ^ First Monday Transcript September 2007
  46. ^ Google Books: Is It Good for History?
  47. ^ I spotted a problem with one of your pages. Whom do I tell?

Kuro5hin (K5) (pronounced corrosion) is a community discussion website (sometimes known as an example of Commons-based peer production) focused on technology and culture. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Chronicle of Higher Education is a newspaper that is a source of news, information, and jobs for college and university faculty and administration. ... The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (U of M, UM or simply Michigan) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Michigan, and one of the foremost universities in the United States. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... ALA Logo The American Library Association (ALA) is a group based in the United States that promotes libraries and library education internationally. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Authors Guild is a professional group for published writers. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... CNET Networks, Inc. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Jean-Noël Jeanneney is a French historian and politician, born on 2 April 1942 in Grenoble. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Search Engine Watch is a website providing many reviews and tips about internet search engines. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... The University of Michigan and Google, Inc. ... A digital library is a library in which collections are stored in digital formats (as opposed to print, microform, or other media) and accessible by computers [1]. The digital content may be stored locally, or accessed remotely via computer networks. ... This is a list of projects related to digital libraries. ... The Open Content Alliance is a consortium of non-profit and for-profit groups which is dedicated to building a free archive of digital text and multimedia. ... Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive and distribute cultural works. ... A universal library is a library which contains all existing or useful information or knowledge. ... Book scanning is the process of converting physical books into electronic books (e-books) via image scanning. ... Screenshot of the home page A9. ... Amazon. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Windows Live Search. ... Domínio Público is a Digital library created by government of Brazil, under the Secretaria de Educação a Distância do Ministério da Educação, with the objetive of harness the diffusion of cultural works under public domain. ...

External links


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