The Gonzaga family ruled Mantua in Northern Italy from 1328 to 1708. In 1433, Gianfrancesco Gonzaga assumed the title of Marquis of Mantua and in 1530 Federico II received the title of Duke of Mantua. In 1531, the family acquired the Duchy of Monferrato through marriage. See Duchy of Mantua for a list of rulers. Mantua Mantua (in Italian Mantova) is an important city in Lombardy, Italy and capital of the province with the same name. ... Events Augustiner brew Munich May 1 - Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - England recognises Scotland as an independent nation after the Wars of Scottish Independence May 12 - Nicholas V is consecrated at St Peters Basilica in Rome by the bishop of Venice. ... // Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth July 1 - Tewoflos becomes Emperor of Ethiopia September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die during the plague J... Events Births June 23 - Francis II, Duke of Brittany Kettil Karlsson Vasa, later Regent of Sweden. ... Marquis has many different meanings: Don Marquis was a writer, poet, and journalist. ... Federico II of Gonzaga (1500 â 1540), Marquis of Mantua, succeeded his father Francesco as ruler of Mantua in 1519. ... The term duke is a title of nobility which refers to the sovereign male ruler of a Continental European duchy, to a nobleman of the highest grade of the British peerage, or to the highest rank of nobility in various other European countries, including Portugal, Spain and France (in Italy... Events January 26 - Lisbon, Portugal is hit by an earthquake-- thousands die October 1 - Battle of Kappel - The forces of ZÃ¼rich are defeated by the Catholic cantons. ... Montferrat (in Italian, Monferrato) is part of the province of Asti in Italy. ... The Duchy of Mantua was an Italian state that was ruled by the Gonzaga family from 1328 to 1708. ...
Another Cadet branch were first sovereign Counts, later Dukes of Guastalla. They descended from Ferrante, a younger sone of Duke Francesco II of Mantua (1484-1519). Ferrante's grandson, Ferrante II, also played a role in the mentioned succession war. Guastalla is a commune in the province of Reggio Emilia in Emilia-Romagna. ... Francesco II of Gonzaga (1466 - 1519), Marquis of Mantua, ruled Mantua from 1484 to 1519. ...
The Coat of Arms of the Duchy of Mantua
"A complete genealogical tree of the House of Gonzaga"
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A younger brother, Ferrante Gonzaga, 150757, was generalissimo of Charles V in Italy, France, and Flanders.
A cadet line, established in France, had succeeded, by marriage, to the duchies of Nevers or Nivernais and Rethel and in 1627 began to claim the succession to Mantua and Montferrat, which were strategically located on the Lombard plain near the Alpine passes.
Its claim was strengthened by the marriage of Maria Gonzaga, sole heiress of the senior line, to Charles de Rethel, son of the duke of Nevers.
Gonzaga was indeed an archivist, but rather than spending his time in recording and cataloguing his findings for use in libraries, he became an oral historian, traveling throughout Brazil performing the indigenous music (and variations thereof) of his northeastern birthplace.
As a child Gonzaga was captivated by the stories of the Brazilian bandit/accordion player Lampiao (who died at the age of 36 in 1934).
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