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Encyclopedia > Gone with the Wind (film)
Gone with the Wind

Original 1939 film poster
Directed by Victor Fleming
Uncredited:
George Cukor
Sam Wood
Produced by David O. Selznick
Written by Novel:
Margaret Mitchell
Screenplay:
Sidney Howard
Uncredited:
Ben Hecht
David O. Selznick
Jo Swerling
John Van Druten
Starring Clark Gable
Vivien Leigh
Leslie Howard
Olivia de Havilland
Hattie McDaniel
Music by Max Steiner
Cinematography Ernest Haller
Distributed by Selznick International Pictures (1939 theatrical release)
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (1939 theatrical release; film rights from 1944 to 1986)
Turner Entertainment (film rights from 1986 to present)
New Line Cinema (1998 re-release)
Warner Home Video (video distribution from 1998 to present)
Release date(s) December 15, 1939
Running time 222 min; 233 with overture, entr'acte, & exit music
Language English
Budget $3,900,000 (estimated)
Gross revenue $390,500,000
Followed by Scarlett
Allmovie profile
IMDb profile

Gone with the Wind is a 1939 film adapted from Margaret Mitchell's 1936 novel of the same name and directed by Victor Fleming. The epic film which was set in the American South in and around the time of the Civil War, starred Vivien Leigh, Clark Gable, Leslie Howard and Olivia de Havilland. It told a story of the Civil War and its aftermath from a white Southern point of view. For the film, see Gone with the Wind (film). ... Scarlett is a musical with a score by Harold Rome. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Gonewiththewind1. ... Victor Fleming (February 23, 1883 - January 6, 1949) (sometimes Vic Fleming) was an American film director. ... George Dewey Cukor (July 7, 1899 – January 24, 1983) was an American film director. ... Sam R Woods is by far the coolest person in the world :D(January 13, 1990, Grantown-on-SpeyHollywood) was a prolific Scotland samwoods999. ... David O. Selznick David Oliver Selznick (May 10, 1902–June 22, 1965), was one of the icon Hollywood producers of the Golden Age. ... Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell (November 8, 1900 – August 16, 1949), popularly known as Margaret Mitchell was an American author, who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1937 for her novel, Gone with the Wind, published in 1936. ... Sidney Coe Howard, born June 26, 1891 in Oakland, California, United States – died August 23, 1939 in Tyringham, Massachusetts, was a playwright and screenwriter who became the first person to win both a Pulitzer Prize and an Academy Award. ... Ben Hecht (February 28, 1894 – April 18, 1964) was a prolific Hollywood screenwriter, even though he professed disdain for the motion picture industry. ... David O. Selznick David Oliver Selznick (May 10, 1902–June 22, 1965), was one of the icon Hollywood producers of the Golden Age. ... John William Van Druten (1 June 1901–19 December 1957) was an English dramatist, best known for writing light comedies. ... William Clark Gable (February 1, 1901 – November 16, 1960) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ... Vivien Leigh, Lady Olivier (November 5, 1913 – July 8, 1967) was a two-time Academy Award winning English actress. ... Leslie Howard (April 3, 1893 - June 1, 1943) was an English stage and Academy Award nominated film actor. ... Olivia Mary de Havilland (born July 1, 1916) is a two-time Academy Award winning actress in American motion pictures and is the last surviving principal cast member from Gone with the Wind. ... Hattie McDaniel (June 10, 1895 – October 26, 1952) was an African American actress. ... Maximilian Raoul Walter Steiner (born May 10, 1888 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary; died December 28, 1971 in Hollywood, California) was an Austrian-American composer of music for theater production shows and films. ... Ernest Haller, also credited as Ernie B. Haller, (31 May 1896-21 October 1970), was an American cinematographer. ... Selznick International Pictures was a Hollywood motion picture studio, founded in 1935 by producer David O. Selznick and investor John Hay Whitney. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... Turner Entertainment Company was established August 4, 1986 to oversee Turner Broadcastings film library after its acquisition of MGM/UA. In addition to the studio, Turner got its library, which included all of MGMs films, Warner Bros. ... New Line redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Entracte is French for between the acts. It can have the meaning of a pause between two parts of a stage production, synonym to intermission, but is more often used to indicate that part of a theatre production that is performed between acts as an intermezzo or interlude. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... USD redirects here. ... USD redirects here. ... This TV miniseries Scarlett was filmed at 53 locations in the United States and abroad. ... The year 1939 in film involved some significant events. ... Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell (November 8, 1900 – August 16, 1949), popularly known as Margaret Mitchell was an American author, who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1937 for her novel, Gone with the Wind, published in 1936. ... See also: 1935 in literature, other events of 1936, 1937 in literature, list of years in literature. ... For the film, see Gone with the Wind (film). ... Victor Fleming (February 23, 1883 - January 6, 1949) (sometimes Vic Fleming) was an American film director. ... The epic film is a film genre typically featuring expensive production values, an emotionally moving music soundtrack, and dramatic themes. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Vivien Leigh, Lady Olivier (November 5, 1913 – July 8, 1967) was a two-time Academy Award winning English actress. ... William Clark Gable (February 1, 1901 – November 16, 1960) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ... Leslie Howard (April 3, 1893 - June 1, 1943) was an English stage and Academy Award nominated film actor. ... Olivia Mary de Havilland (born July 1, 1916) is a two-time Academy Award winning actress in American motion pictures and is the last surviving principal cast member from Gone with the Wind. ...


It was awarded ten Academy Awards, a record that would stand for 20 years.[1] In 1998 The American Film Institute's inaugural Top 100 American Films of All Time list, it was ranked #4, although in the 2007 10th Anniversary edition of that list, it was dropped two places to #6. It has sold more tickets in the U.S. than any other film in history[2]. It is considered a prototype of a Hollywood blockbuster. Today it is considered one of the most popular and greatest films of all time, and one of the most enduring symbols of the golden age of Hollywood. Adjusted for inflation, it is the top box-office film in history.[3] Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The first of the AFI 100 Years. ... AFI’s 100 Years. ... American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ... Hollywood redirects here. ...

Contents

Story

The story opens on a large cotton plantation named Tara in rural Georgia in 1861, on the eve of the American Civil War. Scarlett O'Hara is the eldest of three daughters of Irish immigrant Gerald O’Hara and his wife, Ellen. She is seemingly sought after by every young man in the county, except the refined Ashley Wilkes, for whom Scarlett longs. She is upset to hear of Ashley’s imminent engagement to his cousin Melanie Hamilton, to be announced the next day at a barbecue at his family’s home, the nearby plantation Twelve Oaks. This article is about crop plantations. ... Tara, the fictional plantation found in Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel Gone with the Wind, was located near Jonesborough (now Jonesboro), Georgia. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Scarlett OHara (full name Katie Scarlett OHara Hamilton Kennedy Butler) of French-Irish ancestry is the protagonist in Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel Gone with the Wind and in the later film of the same name. ...

Clark Gable in Gone with the Wind. Photo: Howard Frank Archives

At Twelve Oaks, she notices she is being admired by a handsome but roguish visitor, Rhett Butler, who had been disowned by his Charleston family. Rhett finds himself in further disfavor among the male guests when, during a discussion of the probability of war, he states that the South has no chance against the superior numbers and industrial might of the North. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... In Gone With the Wind, Twelve Oaks is the plantation of the Wilkes family in Clayton County, Georgia. ... Rhett Butler is the handsome, dashing hero of Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell. ... Nickname: Motto: Aedes Mores Juraque Curat (She cares for her temples, customs, and rights) Location of Charleston in South Carolina. ...


When Scarlett is alone with Ashley, she confesses her love for him. He admits he finds Scarlett attractive, but says that he and the gentle Melanie are more compatible. She accuses Ashley of misleading her and slaps him in anger, which is heightened when she realizes that Rhett has overheard the whole conversation. “Sir, you are no gentleman!” she protests, to which he replies, “And you, miss, are no lady!”


The barbecue is disrupted by the announcement that war has broken out, and the men rush to enlist. As Scarlett watches Ashley kiss Melanie goodbye, Melanie’s shy young brother Charles Hamilton, with whom Scarlett had been innocently flirting, asks for her hand in marriage before he goes. She consents, they are married, and she is just as quickly widowed when Charles dies not in battle, but of pneumonia.


Scarlett's mother sends her to the Hamilton home in Atlanta to cheer her up, although the O’Hara's outspoken housemaid Mammy tells Scarlett she knows she is going there “like a spider”, to wait for Ashley’s return. Scarlett and Melanie attend a charity ball in Atlanta, where Rhett makes a surprise appearance. He has become an heroic blockade runner for the Confederacy. Scarlett shocks Atlanta society by accepting his bid for a dance, even though she is still in mourning. While they dance, Rhett tells her of his intention to win her, which she says will never happen. Atlanta redirects here. ... A blockade runner is a ship designed to provide vital supplies to countries or areas blockaded by enemy forces during wartime. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial)  States that seceded under CSA control  States and territories claimed by CSA without formal secession and/or control Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia...


The tide of war turns against the Confederacy after the Battle of Gettysburg. Scarlett makes another unsuccessful appeal to Ashley’s heart while he is visiting on Christmas furlough. Eight months later, as the city is besieged by the Union Army in the Atlanta Campaign, Melanie goes into a premature and difficult labor. Scarlett must deliver the child herself. Rhett appears with a horse and wagon to take them out of the city on a perilous journey through the burning depot and warehouse district. He leaves her with a kiss on the road to Tara. She repays him with a slap, to his bemusement, as he goes off to fight with the Confederate Army. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America Commanders George G. Meade Robert E. Lee Strength 93,921[1] 71,699[2] Casualties 23,055 (3,155 killed, 14,531 wounded, 5,369 captured/missing)[1] 23,231 (4,708 killed, 12,693 wounded, 5,830 captured/missing... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders William T. Sherman, James B. McPherson, John M. Schofield, George H. Thomas Joseph E. Johnston; replaced in July by John B. Hood † Leonidas Polk Strength Military Division of the Mississippi (Army of the Cumberland, Army of the Ohio, Army of... The Army of Tennessee can refer to either of two American Civil War armies: Army of Tennessee, the Confederate army named after the state of Tennessee. ...


On her journey back home, Scarlett finds Twelve Oaks burned out and deserted. She is relieved to find Tara still standing, but learns that her mother has just died of typhoid fever and her father's mind has begun to crumble under the strain. With Tara pillaged by Union troops, and the fields untended, Scarlett vows she will do anything for the survival of her family and herself: “As God is my witness, I’ll never be hungry again!” For a similar disease with a similar name, see typhus. ...

Intermission

Scarlett sets her family and servants to picking the cotton fields. She also kills a Union deserter who threatens her during a burglary, and finds gold coins in his haversack, enough to sustain her family and servants for a short time. With the defeat of the Confederacy and war's end, Ashley returns from being a prisoner of war. Mammy restrains Scarlett from running to him when he reunites with Melanie. The dispirited Ashley finds he is of little help to Tara, and when Scarlett begs him to run away with her, he confesses his desire for her and kisses her passionately, but says he cannot leave Melanie.


Gerald O'Hara dies after he is thrown from his horse while chasing a Yankee carpetbagger, one of his former plantation workers, off his property. Scarlett is left to care for the family, and realizes she cannot pay the taxes on Tara. Knowing that Rhett is in Atlanta and believing he is still rich, she has Mammy make an elaborate gown for her from her mother’s drapes. However, upon her visit, Rhett tells her his foreign bank accounts have been blocked, and that her attempt to get his money has been in vain. However, as she departs, she encounters her sister’s fiancé, the middle-aged Frank Kennedy, who now owns a successful general store and lumber mill. In United States history, carpetbaggers were Northerners who moved to the South during Reconstruction between 1865 and 1877. ... Smiths Gully General Store in Smiths Gully, Australia. ...


Soon Scarlett is Mrs. Frank Kennedy. She becomes a hardheaded businesswoman, willing to trade with the despised Yankee carpetbaggers and use convict laborers in her mill. When Ashley is about to take a job offer with a bank in the north, Scarlett preys on his weakness by weeping that she needs him to help run the mill; pressured by the sympathetic Melanie, he relents. One day, after Scarlett is attacked while driving alone through a nearby shantytown, Frank, Ashley, and others make a night raid on the shantytown. Ashley is wounded in a melee with Union troops, and Frank is killed. Shanty towns are units of irregular low-cost and self-constructed housing built on terrain seized and occupied illegally -- usually on lands belonging to third parties, most often located in the urban periphery of the cities. ...


With Frank’s funeral barely over, Rhett visits Scarlett and proposes marriage. Scarlett is aghast at his poor taste, but takes him up on his offer. After a honeymoon in New Orleans, Rhett promises to restore Tara, while Scarlett builds the biggest and most crassly opulent mansion in Atlanta. The two have a daughter, Bonnie. Rhett adores her as a less spoiled version of her mother, and does everything to win the good opinion of Atlanta society for his daughter’s sake. Scarlett, still pining for Ashley and chagrined at the ruin of her figure, lets Rhett know that she wants no more children and that they will no longer share a bed. In anger, he kicks open the door that separates their bedrooms to show her that he will decide that. NOLA redirects here. ...


When visiting the mill one day, Scarlett listens to a nostalgic Ashley wish for the simpler days of old that are now gone, and when she consoles him with an embrace, they are spied by two gossips including Ashley's sister India, who has always held a grudge against Scarlett. They eagerly spread the rumor and Scarlett’s reputation is again sullied. Later that night, Rhett, having heard the rumors, forces Scarlett out of bed and to attend a birthday party for Ashley in her most flamboyant red dress. Incapable of believing anything bad of her beloved sister-in-law, Melanie stands by Scarlett's side so that all know that she believes the gossip to be false.


At home later that night, Scarlett finds Rhett downstairs drunk. Blind with jealousy, he tells Scarlett that he could kill her if he thought it would make her forget Ashley. Picking her up, he carries her up the stairs in his arms, telling her, "This is one night you're not turning me out." She awakens the next morning with the look of guilty pleasure, but Rhett returns to apologize for his behavior and offers a divorce, which Scarlett rejects saying it would be a disgrace. Rhett decides to takes Bonnie on an extended trip to London.


When Rhett returns with Bonnie, Scarlett is delighted to see him however he rebuffs her attempts at reconciliation. Rhett remarks at how she looks different and Scarlett then resentfully tells him that she is pregnant again. Hurt, Rhett tells her "cheer up. Maybe you'll have an 'accident,'" Enraged, Scarlett lunges at him, falls down the stairs and suffers a miscarriage. Rhett, frantic with guilt, cries to Melanie about his jealousy, yet refrains from telling Melanie about Scarlett's true feelings for Ashley.


As Scarlett recovers, and Rhett attempts reconciliation, while young Bonnie, as impulsive as her grandfather, dies in a fall from her pony when she attempts to jump a fence. Scarlett and Rhett are devastated and exchange recriminations over her death, with Rhett keeping vigil over his daughter's body for three days, refusing to let her be taken away for burial. Melanie visits to comfort them, and convinces Rhett to allow Bonnie to be laid to rest, but then collapses in labor from a pregnancy she was warned could kill her. On her deathbed, she asks Scarlett to look after Ashley for her, as Scarlett had looked after her for Ashley. With her dying breath, Melanie also tells Scarlett to be kind to Rhett, that he loves her. Outside, Ashley collapses in tears, helpless without his wife. Only then does Scarlett realize that she never could have meant anything to him, and that she had loved something that never really existed.


She runs home to find Rhett packing to leave her, saying it is too late to salvage their marriage. She begs him not to leave, telling him she realizes now that she had loved him all along, that she never really loved Ashley. Rhett tells her that as long as there was Bonnie, whom he could spoil and love unconditionally, as he wished he could with Scarlett, there was a chance that they could have been happy, but now that chance was gone.


As Rhett walks out the door, she begs him, "Rhett, if you go, where shall I go? What shall I do?" He answers,

Frankly, my dear, I don't give a damn.

and walks away into the fog. She sits on her stairs and weeps in despair, "What is there that matters?" She then recalls the voices of her father Gerald, Ashley and Rhett, all of whom remind her that her strength comes from Tara itself. Hope lights Scarlett's face: "Tara! Home. I'll go home, and I'll think of some way to get him back! After all, tomorrow is another day!" In the final scene, Scarlett stands once more, resolute, before Tara. Frankly, my dear, I dont give a damn. ...

Behind the scenes

Producer David O. Selznick, head of Selznick International Pictures, decided that he wanted to create a film based on the novel after his story editor Kay Brown read a pre-publication copy in May 1936 and urged him to buy the film rights. A month after the book's publication in June 1936, Selznick bought the rights for $50,000, a record amount at the time.[4] Major financing for the film was provided by Selznick business partner John Hay Whitney, a financier who later went on to become a U.S. ambassador. David O. Selznick David Oliver Selznick (May 10, 1902–June 22, 1965), was one of the icon Hollywood producers of the Golden Age. ... Selznick International Pictures was a Hollywood motion picture studio, founded in 1935 by producer David O. Selznick and investor John Hay Whitney. ... See also: 1935 in film 1936 1937 in film 1930s in film years in film film // Events January 6 - first Porky Pig animated cartoon September 28 - The Marx Brothers Harpo Marx marries actress Susan Fleming Top grossing films in North America Red River Valley Academy Awards Best Picture: The Great... John Hay Whitney (August 27, 1904 in Ellsworth, Maine – February 8, 1982), colloquially known as Jock Whitney, was U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom, publisher of the New York Herald Tribune, and a member of the Whitney family. ...


The casting of the two lead roles became a complex, two-year endeavor. Many famous or soon-to-be-famous actresses were either screen-tested, auditioned, or considered for the role of Scarlett, including Norma Shearer, Bette Davis, Barbara Stanwyck, Joan Crawford, Jean Arthur, Joan Bennett, Paulette Goddard, Katharine Hepburn, Lana Turner, Susan Hayward, Carole Lombard, Irene Dunne, Merle Oberon, Ida Lupino, Joan Fontaine, Loretta Young, Miriam Hopkins, Tallulah Bankhead, Frances Dee, and Lucille Ball. Edith Norma Shearer (August 10, 1902 (some sources indicate 1900) – June 12, 1983) was an Academy Award-winning Canadian-American actress. ... This article is about the actress. ... Barbara Stanwyck (July 16, 1907 – January 20, 1990) was a four-time Academy Award-nominated, three-time Emmy Award-winning, and Golden Globe-winning American actress of film, stage, and screen. ... For other persons named Joan Crawford, see Joan Crawford (disambiguation). ... Jean Arthur (October 17, 1900 – June 19, 1991) was an Oscar-nominated American actress and a major film star of the 1930s and 1940s. ... Joan Bennett on the December, 1945 issue of Movie Story Magazine Joan Geraldine Bennett (February 27, 1910 – December 7, 1990) was an American film actress who also achieved success later in life as a television actress. ... Paulette Goddard (June 3, 1910 – April 23, 1990),[1] an Oscar-nominated American film and theatre actress. ... Katharine Houghton Hepburn (May 12, 1907 – June 29, 2003) was an American actress of film, television and stage. ... Lana Turner (February 8, 1921 – June 29, 1995) was an Academy award-nominated American film actress. ... For other persons named Hayward, see Hayward (disambiguation). ... Carole Lombard (October 6, 1908 – January 16, 1942) was an American actress. ... Irene Dunne (December 20, 1898 - September 4, 1990) was a five-time Academy Award-nominated American film actress and singer of the 1930s and 1940s. ... Merle Oberon (February 19, 1911 – November 23, 1979), born Estelle Merle OBrien Thompson, was an Academy Award-nominated Anglo-Indian film actress. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Joan Fontaine (born October 22, 1917) is an Academy Award-winning British American actress, who became an American citizen in April 1943. ... Loretta Young in 1935 Loretta Young (January 6, 1913 – August 12, 2000) was an Academy Award-winning American actress. ... Ellen Miriam Hopkins (October 18, 1902 – October 9, 1972) was an Oscar-nominated American actress. ... Tallulah Brockman Bankhead (January 31, 1902 – December 12, 1968) was an American actress, talk-show host and bon vivant. ... Frances Dee in Becky Sharp (1935) Frances Dee (born November 26, 1909 (sources used to cite 1907 as her year of birth while she was alive); died March 6, 2004) was an actress. ... Lucille Désirée Ball (August 6, 1911 – April 26, 1989) was an iconic American comedienne, film, television, stage and radio actress, glamour girl and star of the landmark sitcoms I Love Lucy, The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour, The Lucy Show and Heres Lucy. ...


Four actresses, including Jean Arthur and Joan Bennett, were still under consideration by December 1938. But only two finalists, Paulette Goddard and Vivien Leigh, were tested in Technicolor, both on December 20.[5] Selznick had been quietly considering Vivien Leigh, a young English actress little known in America, for the role of Scarlett since February 1938, when Selznick saw her in Fire Over England and A Yank at Oxford. Leigh's American agent was the London representative of the Myron Selznick talent agency (headed by David Selznick's brother, one of the owners of Selznick International), and she had requested in February that her name be submitted for consideration as Scarlett. By summer of 1938, the Selznicks were negotiating with Alexander Korda, to whom Leigh was under contract, for her services later that year.[6] But for publicity reasons David arranged to meet her for the first time on the night of December 10, 1938, when the burning of the Atlanta Depot was filmed. The story was invented for the press that Leigh and Laurence Olivier were just visiting the studio as guests of Myron Selznick, who was also Olivier's agent, and that Leigh was in Hollywood hoping for a part in Olivier's current movie, Wuthering Heights. In a letter to his wife two days later, Selznick admitted that Leigh was "the Scarlett dark horse", and after a series of screen tests, her casting was announced on January 13, 1939. Just before the shooting of the film, Selznick informed Ed Sullivan: "Scarlett O'Hara's parents were French and Irish. Identically, Miss Leigh's parents are French and Irish."[7] Jean Arthur (October 17, 1900 – June 19, 1991) was an Oscar-nominated American actress and a major film star of the 1930s and 1940s. ... Joan Bennett on the December, 1945 issue of Movie Story Magazine Joan Geraldine Bennett (February 27, 1910 – December 7, 1990) was an American film actress who also achieved success later in life as a television actress. ... Paulette Goddard (June 3, 1910 – April 23, 1990),[1] an Oscar-nominated American film and theatre actress. ... Vivien Leigh, Lady Olivier (November 5, 1913 – July 8, 1967) was a two-time Academy Award winning English actress. ... Logo celebrating Technicolors 90th Anniversary Technicolor is the trademark for a series of color film processes pioneered by Technicolor Motion Picture Corporation (a subsidiary of Technicolor, Inc. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Fire Over England is a 1937 film drama produced by London Film Productions. ... A Yank at Oxford is a 1938 film drama produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. ... Myron Selznick (October 5, 1898 – March 23, 1944) was an American film producer and talent agent. ... Sir Alexander Korda (September 16, 1893 - January 23, 1956) was a film director and producer, a leading figure in the British film industry and the founder of London Films. ... is the 344th day of the year (345th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other persons named Edward Sullivan, see Edward Sullivan (disambiguation). ...


For the role of Rhett Butler, Clark Gable was an almost immediate favorite for both the public and Selznick. Nevertheless, as Selznick had no male stars under long-term contract, he needed to go through the process of negotiating to borrow an actor from another studio. Gary Cooper was thus Selznick's first choice, because Cooper's contract with Samuel Goldwyn involved a common distribution company, United Artists, with which Selznick had an eight-picture deal. However, Goldwyn remained noncommittal in negotiations.[8] Warner Bros. offered a package of Bette Davis, Errol Flynn, and Olivia de Havilland for the lead roles in return for the distribution rights. But by then Selznick was determined to get Clark Gable, and eventually found a way to borrow him from Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Selznick's father-in-law, MGM chief Louis B. Mayer, offered in May 1938 to fund half of the movie's budget in return for a powerful package: 50% of the profits would go to MGM, the movie's distribution would be credited to MGM's parent company, Loew's, Inc., and Loew's would receive 15 percent of the movie's gross income. Selznick accepted this offer in August, and Gable was cast. Nevertheless, the arrangement to release through MGM meant delaying the start of production until Selznick International completed its eight-picture contract with United Artists. William Clark Gable (February 1, 1901 – November 16, 1960) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ... Gary Cooper (born Frank James Cooper May 7, 1901 – May 13, 1961) was a two-time Academy Award-winning American film actor of English heritage. ... Samuel Goldwyn (July 1882 (some sources say 17 August 1882, others 1879 [1]) – 31 January 1974) was an Academy Award and Golden Globe Award-winning producer, also a well-known Hollywood motion picture producer and founding contributor of several motion picture studios. ... This article is about the film studio. ... Warner Bros. ... This article is about the actress. ... Errol Leslie Thomson Flynn (June 20, 1909 – October 14, 1959) was an Australian film actor, most famous for his romantic swashbuckler roles in Hollywood films and his flamboyant lifestyle. ... Olivia Mary de Havilland (born July 1, 1916) is a two-time Academy Award winning actress in American motion pictures and is the last surviving principal cast member from Gone with the Wind. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Loews Theatres, founded in 1904 by Marcus Loew, is the oldest theatre chain still operating in North America today. ... Gross income is commonly defined as the amount of a companys or a persons income before all deductions or any taxpayer’s income, except that which is specifically excluded by the Internal Revenue Code, before taking deductions or taxes into account. ...


Principal photography began January 26, 1939, and ended on June 27, 1939, with post-production work (including a fifth version of the opening scene) going to November 11, 1939. Director George Cukor, with whom Selznick had a long working relationship, and who had spent almost two years in preproduction on Gone with the Wind, was replaced after less than three weeks of shooting.[9] Olivia de Havilland said that she learned of George Cukor's firing from Vivien Leigh on the day the Atlanta bazaar scene was filmed. The pair went to Selznick's office in full costume and begged him to change his mind. Selznick apologized, but refused. Victor Fleming, who was directing The Wizard of Oz, was called in from MGM to complete the picture, although Cukor continued privately to coach Leigh and De Havilland. However, Fleming and Leigh did not have a very good relationship and quarreled often. They disagreed frequently on the portrayal of Scarlett, Leigh wanting her a more sympathetic character while Fleming wanted her to be the "bitch." Finally, Leigh stated "I can't be a bitch," and Fleming replied, "Miss Leigh, take the script and shove it up your royal British ass."[citation needed] Another MGM director, Sam Wood, worked for two weeks in May when Fleming temporarily left the production due to exhaustion, strangely enough after his incident with Leigh. is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... George Dewey Cukor (July 7, 1899 – January 24, 1983) was an American film director. ... Victor Fleming (February 23, 1883 - January 6, 1949) (sometimes Vic Fleming) was an American film director. ... The Wizard of Oz (film) redirects here. ... Sam R Woods is by far the coolest person in the world :D(January 13, 1990, Grantown-on-SpeyHollywood) was a prolific Scotland samwoods999. ...


Cinematographer Lee Garmes began the production, but after a month of shooting what Selznick and his associates thought was "too dark" footage, was replaced with Ernest Haller, working with Technicolor cinematographer Ray Rennahan. Most of the filming was done on "the back forty" of Selznick International with all the location scenes being photographed in California, mostly in Los Angeles County or neighboring Ventura County.[10] Estimated production costs were $3.9 million;[11] only Ben-Hur (1925) and Hell's Angels (1930) had cost more.[citation needed] Lee Garmes (May 27, 1898 - August 31, 1978) was an award-winning American cinematographer. ... Ernest Haller, also credited as Ernie B. Haller, (31 May 1896-21 October 1970), was an American cinematographer. ... Ray Rennahan (b. ... A 1965 aerial view of the back forty. Other names used were 40 acres and Pathe 40 Acre Ranch. ... Selznick International Pictures was a Hollywood motion picture studio, founded in 1935 by producer David O. Selznick and investor John Hay Whitney. ... Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. ... Ventura County . ... Ben-Hur is the second silent film, and first feature-length version, based on the novel Ben-Hur by Lew Wallace. ... See also: 1924 in film 1925 1926 in film 1920s in film years in film film Events Top grossing films Ben-Hur His People The Unholy Three The Freshman Movies released Movies released in 1925 include: Ben-Hur, starring Ramon Novarro. ... Hells Angels Theatrical Release poster Hells Angels was a 1930 film directed by Howard Hughes. ...


First public preview

When David O. Selznick was asked by the press in early September how he felt about the film, he said: "At noon I think it's divine, at midnight I think it's lousy. Sometimes I think it's the greatest picture ever made. But if it's only a great picture, I'll still be satisfied."[12]


On September 9, 1939, Selznick, his wife Irene Mayer Selznick, investor Jock Whitney, and film editor Hal Kern drove out to Riverside, California with all of the film reels to preview it before an audience. The film was still unfinished at this stage, missing many optical effects and most of Max Steiner's music score. They arrived at the Fox Theatre, which was playing a double feature of Hawaiian Nights and Beau Geste. Kern called for the manager and explained that they had selected his theatre for the first public screening of Gone with the Wind. He was told that after Hawaiian Nights had finished, he could make an announcement of the preview, but was forbidden to say what the film was. People were permitted to leave, but the theatre would thereafter be sealed with no re-admissions and no phone calls out. The manager was reluctant, but finally agreed. His only request was to call his wife to come to the theatre immediately. Kern stood by him as he made the call to make sure he did not reveal the name of the film to her. is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Irene Mayer Selznick (April 2, 1907 - October 10, 1990) was an American theatrical producer. ... John Hay Jock Whitney (b. ... Nickname: Location in the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Riverside Government  - Mayor Ron Loveridge Area  - City  78. ... Maximilian Raoul Walter Steiner (born May 10, 1888 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary; died December 28, 1971 in Hollywood, California) was an Austrian-American composer of music for theater production shows and films. ... Beau Geste is a 1939 film made by Paramount Pictures based on the novel by P. C. Wren. ...


When the film began, there was a buzz in the audience when Selznick's name appeared, for they had been reading about the making of the film for over two years. In an interview years later, Kern described the exact moment the audience realized what was happening:


When Margaret Mitchell's name came on the screen, you never heard such a sound in your life. They just yelled, they stood up on the seats...I had the [manually-operated sound] box. And I had that music wide open and you couldn't hear a thing. Mrs. Selznick was crying like a baby and so was David and so was I. Oh, what a thrill! And when "Gone with the Wind" came on the screen, it was thunderous!


In his seminal biography of Selznick, David Thomson wrote that the audience's response before the story had even started "was the greatest moment of his life, the greatest victory and redemption of all his failings."[13] For other persons of the same name, see David Thomson. ...


After the film, there was a huge ovation. In the preview cards filled out after the screening, two-thirds of the audience had rated it excellent, an unusually high rating[citation needed]. Most of the audience begged that the film not be cut shorter and many suggested that instead they eliminate the newsreels, shorts and B-movie feature, which is eventually how Gone with the Wind was screened and would soon become the norm in movie theatres around the world.


1939 response

The film premiered in Atlanta, Georgia, on December 15, 1939 as the climax of three days of festivities hosted by the mayor which consisted of a parade of limousines featuring stars from the film, receptions, thousands of Confederate flags, false antebellum fronts on stores and homes, and a costume ball. The governor of Georgia declared December 15 a state holiday. President Jimmy Carter would later recall it as "the biggest event to happen in the South in my lifetime." Atlanta redirects here. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Antebellum is a Latin word meaning before war(ante means before and bellum is war). ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ...


From December 1939 to June 1940, the film played only advance-ticket road show engagements at a limited number of theaters, before it went into general release in 1941.[14] Many of the most spectacular films ever made were shown as road show attractions. ...


It was a sensational hit during the Blitz in London, opening in April 1940 and playing continuously for four years. ‹ The template below (Citations missing) is being considered for deletion. ...


Racial politics

Some have criticized the film for romanticizing, sanitizing or even promoting the values of the antebellum South, in particular its reliance on slavery. For example, syndicated columnist Leonard Pitts has likened it to "a romance set in Auschwitz." Antebellum is a Latin word meaning before war(ante means before and bellum is war). ... Slave redirects here. ... Leonard Pitts is a nationally-syndicated columnist based in Miami. ... Auschwitz, in English, commonly refers to the Auschwitz concentration camp complex built near the town of Oświęcim, by Nazi Germany during World War II. Rarely, it may refer to the Polish town of Oświęcim (called by the Germans Auschwitz) itself. ...


Portrayal of black characters

The character of Mammy, played by Hattie McDaniel, has been linked with the stock character of the "happy slave", an archetype that is said to implicitly condone slavery. But Helen Taylor, in Scarlett's Women: Gone with the Wind and Its Female Fans argued that Mammy's character is more complex than this, that her character represents someone who cared for others, despite the racism and oppression she suffered. Hattie McDaniel (June 10, 1895 – October 26, 1952) was an African American actress. ... For other uses, see Archetype (disambiguation). ...


On the other hand, Mammy frequently derides other slaves on the plantation as "field hands," implying that as a House Servant she is above the "less-refined" blacks. It is most apparent in a scene in which Mammy and Scarlett walk down a street and Mammy passes by a Yankee carpetbagger who promises a group of ex-slaves "forty acres and a mule." The ex-slaves are excited, but Mammy glares at them disapprovingly. In United States history, carpetbaggers were Northerners who moved to the South during Reconstruction between 1865 and 1877. ... 40 acres and a mule is the colloquial term for compensation that was to be awarded to freed American slaves after the Civil War—40 acres of land to farm, and a mule with which to drag a plow so the land could be cultivated. ...


Responding to the racial critiques of the film, Selznick replied that the black characters were "lovable, faithful, high-minded people who would leave no impression but a very nice one." While Mammy is generally portrayed in a positive light, other black characters in the film are not so fortunate.


The character of Prissy, played by Butterfly McQueen has been accused of perpetuating the stereotype that black slaves were stupid and childlike. In one scene, as Melanie is about to give birth, Prissy bursts into tears and admits she lied to Scarlett: "Lawzy, we got to have a doctor. I don't know nothin' 'bout birthin' babies!" (In response, Scarlett slaps her).[15] In The Autobiography of Malcolm X, the former civil rights leader recounted his experience of watching this particular scene as a small boy in Michigan: "I was the only Negro in the theater, and when Butterfly McQueen went into her act, I felt like crawling under the rug." Butterfly McQueen Butterfly McQueen (January 7, 1911 – December 22, 1995) was an American film and television actress. ... The Autobiography of Malcolm X cover The Autobiography of Malcolm X (ISBN 0-345-35068-5) was written by Alex Haley between 1964 and 1965, based on interviews conducted shortly before Malcolm Xs death (and with an epilogue for after it), and was published in 1965. ...


The role of Prissy catapulted Butterfly McQueen's film career, but within ten years, she grew tired of playing black ethnic stereotypes. When she refused to be typecast that way, it ended her career. Butterfly McQueen Butterfly McQueen (January 7, 1911 – December 22, 1995) was an American film and television actress. ...


Members of the African-American community criticized many black actors for agreeing to play a role in the film. Oscar Polk, who played the role of Pork, wrote an op-ed in the Chicago Defender — a prominent newspaper in the black community — to respond to that criticism. "As a race we should be proud," he said, "that we have risen so far above the status of our enslaved ancestors and be glad to portray ourselves as we once were because in no other way can we so strikingly demonstrate how far we have come in so few years." The Chicago Defender announces President Harry S. Trumans order in 1948 desegregating the United States Armed Forces. ...


Racial content

After the Civil War, Gerald O’Hara (Scarlett’s father, who owns the plantation Tara), scolds his daughter about the way she is treating Mammy and Prissy. “You must be firm to inferiors, but gentle, especially darkies,” he advises her. While Scarlett was criticized for being too harsh on the house servants, Gerald’s premise that black people are “inferior” is not questioned, however “inferior” could be interpreted as their social status as workers, just as one’s boss is referred to as his “superior.” In the novel, author Margaret Mitchell made a point of the importance of social hierarchy in the Antebellum South. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...


Some scenes subtly undercut the apparent romanticization of Southern slavery. During the panicked evacuation of Atlanta as Union troops approach, Scarlett runs into Big Sam, the black foreman of the O'Hara plantation. Big Sam informs her that he (and a group of black field-hands who are with him) have been impressed to dig fortifications for the Confederacy. But these men are singing Go Down Moses, a famous black spiritual that slaves would sing to call for the abolition of slavery. Go Down Moses is an African-American spiritual, that is a retelling of events in the Old Testament of the Bible (Exodus, chapters 3-12), in which God commands Moses to demand the release of the Israelites from bondage in Egypt. ... == Historical background on spiritual music Spirituals were often expressions of religious faith, although they may also have served as socio-political protests veiled as assimilation to white, American culture. ...


The Shantytown Raid scene was changed in the film to make it less racially divisive than the book. After Scarlett is attacked in a Shantytown outside Atlanta, her husband Frank, Ashley, and others leave to raid the Shantytown that night to avenge Scarlett's honor. In the book, Scarlett's attacker was black, and those who raid the Shantytown after her attack are identified as members of the Ku Klux Klan (although Scarlett herself disdains the Klan).[16] In the film, no mention of the Klan is made. In both the film and the book, a black man, Big Sam, who was the O'Hara's old foreman, saves her life during the attack. Shanty towns are units of irregular low-cost and self-constructed housing built on terrain seized and occupied illegally -- usually on lands belonging to third parties, most often located in the urban periphery of the cities. ... Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ...


Racial politics at Atlanta premiere

Racial politics spilled into the film's premiere in Atlanta, Georgia. As Georgia was a segregated state, Hattie McDaniel could not have attended the cinema without sitting in the "colored" section of the movie theater; to avoid troubling Selznick, she thus sent a letter saying she would not be able to attend. When Clark Gable heard that McDaniel did not want to attend because of the racial issue, he threatened to boycott the premiere unless McDaniel was able to attend; he later relented when McDaniel convinced him to go.[17] Racial segregation characterised by separation of different races in daily life, such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a rest room, attending school, going to the movies, or in the rental or purchase of a home. ... William Clark Gable (February 1, 1901 – November 16, 1960) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ...


At the costume ball during the premiere, local promoters recruited blacks to dress up as slaves and sing in a "Negro choir" on the steps of a white-columned plantation mansion built for the event. Many black community leaders refused to participate, but prominent Atlanta preacher Martin Luther King, Sr. attended, and he brought his 10-year-old son, future civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., who sang that night in the choir.[citation needed] Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr. ... Martin Luther King, Jr. ...


The film also resulted in an important moment in African-American history: Hattie McDaniel won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, the first time an African-American actor received the award. Hattie McDaniel (June 10, 1895 – October 26, 1952) was an African American actress. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor is one of the awards given to male actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... The following is a list of black winners and nominees of Academy Awards from 1929 to the present. ...


Legacy

In an attempt to draw upon his company's profits, but to pay capital gain tax rather than a much higher personal income tax, David O. Selznick and his business partners liquidated Selznick International Pictures over a three-year period in the early 1940s. As part of the liquidation, Selznick sold his rights in Gone with the Wind to Jock Whitney and his sister, who in turn sold it to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1944. Today it is owned by Turner Entertainment, whose parent company Turner Broadcasting acquired MGM's film library in 1985. Turner itself is currently a subsidiary of Time Warner, which is the current parent company of Warner Bros. Entertainment. In finance, a capital gain is profit that results from the appreciation of a capital asset over its purchase price. ... Winding up redirects here. ... John Hay Whitney (August 27, 1904 in Ellsworth, Maine – February 8, 1982), colloquially known as Jock Whitney, was U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom, publisher of the New York Herald Tribune, and a member of the Whitney family. ... Turner Entertainment Company was established August 4, 1986 to oversee Turner Broadcastings film library after its acquisition of MGM/UA. In addition to the studio, Turner got its library, which included all of MGMs films, Warner Bros. ... Turner Broadcasting logo Turner Broadcasting System (often abbreviated to Turner), based in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, is the company managing the collection of cable networks and properties started by Robert Edward Ted Turner from the mid-1970s to the late-1990s. ... Time Warner Inc. ... “WB” redirects here. ...


Gone with the Wind was given theatrical re-releases in 1947, 1954, 1961, 1967 (in a widescreen version),[18] 1971, 1989, and 1998. It made its television debut on the HBO cable network in June 1976, and its broadcast debut the following November on the NBC network, where it became at that time the highest-rated television program ever presented on a single network, watched by 47.5 percent of the households in America, and 65 percent of television viewers. Ironically, it was surpassed the following year by the mini-series Roots, a saga about slavery in America. For other uses, see HBO (disambiguation). ... This article is about the television network. ... The following is a list of most watched television episodes, organized by country and based on various criteria. ... Roots is a 1977 American television miniseries based on Alex Haleys work Roots: The Saga of an American Family, his critically acclaimed genealogical novel. ...


Gone with the Wind also holds the record as being the biggest box-office hit in the history of movies.


In 1989, Gone with the Wind was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". In 1998, the American Film Institute ranked it #4 on its "100 Greatest Movies" list. The National Film Registry is the registry of films selected by the United States National Film Preservation Board for preservation in the Library of Congress. ... Construction of the Thomas Jefferson Building, from July 8, 1888 to May 15, 1894. ... The year 1998 in film involved some significant events. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The first of the AFI 100 Years. ...


Rhett Butler's infamous farewell line to Scarlett O'Hara, "Frankly, my dear, I don't give a damn", was voted in a poll by the American Film Institute in 2005 as the most memorable line in cinema history.[19][20] One of the most famous phrases in the English language, Frankly my dear, I dont give a damn became popularized since 1939 in the blockbuster movie Gone with the Wind starring Clark Gable and Vivien Leigh. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The year 2005 in film involved some significant events. ...


In 2005, the AFI ranked Max Steiner's score for the film the second greatest of all time. The AFI also ranked the film #2 in their list of the greatest romances of all time (100 Years... 100 Passions). Maximilian Raoul Walter Steiner (born May 10, 1888 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary; died December 28, 1971 in Hollywood, California) was an Austrian-American composer of music for theater production shows and films. ...


After filming concluded, the set of Tara sat on the back lot of the former Selznick Studios as the Forty Acres back lot reverted to RKO Pictures and then was sold to Desilu Productions. In 1959, Southern Attractions, Inc. purchased the façade of Tara, which was dismantled and shipped to Georgia with plans to relocate it to the Atlanta area as a tourist attraction.[21] [22] David O. Selznick commented at the time, RKO redirects here. ... The Desilu logo, used in the 1960s. ...

Nothing in Hollywood is permanent. Once photographed, life here is ended. It is almost symbolic of Hollywood. Tara had no rooms inside. It was just a façade. So much of Hollywood is a façade.[23]

However, the Margaret Mitchell estate refused to license the novel's commercial use in connection with the façade, citing Mitchell's dismay at how little it resembled her description. In 1979 the dismantled plywood and papier-mâché set, reportedly in "terrible" condition, was purchased for $5,000 by Betty Talmadge, the ex-wife of former Georgia governor and U.S. senator Herman Talmadge.[24] She lent the front door of Tara's set to the Margaret Mitchell House and Museum in downtown Atlanta, Georgia where it is on permanent display, featured in the Gone with the Wind film museum. Other items from the movie, such as from the set of Scarlett and Rhett's Atlanta mansion, are still stored at The Culver Studios (formerly Selznick International) including the stained glass window from the top of the staircase which was actually a painting. The famous painting of Scarlett in her blue dress, which hung in Rhett's bedroom, hung for years at the Margaret Mitchell Elementary School in Atlanta, but is now on permanent loan to the Margaret Mitchell Museum, complete with stains from the glass of sherry that Rhett Butler threw at it in anger. Papier-mâché around a form such as a balloon to create a pig. ... Herman Eugene Talmadge (August 9, 1913 – March 21, 2002) was an American politician who served as Governor of the U.S. state of Georgia briefly in 1947 and again from 1948 to 1955, and as a U.S. Senator from 1957 until 1981. ... The Margaret Mitchell House and Museum is the former home of the author Margaret Mitchell situated in midtown Atlanta, Georgia. ...


Cast

A promotional poster for the film's 1998 "remastered" re-release.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (506x755, 73 KB) Summary A promotional poster of Gone with the Wind for its rerelease. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (506x755, 73 KB) Summary A promotional poster of Gone with the Wind for its rerelease. ... Vivien Leigh, Lady Olivier (November 5, 1913 – July 8, 1967) was a two-time Academy Award winning English actress. ... Scarlett OHara (full name Katie Scarlett OHara Hamilton Kennedy Butler) of French-Irish ancestry is the protagonist in Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel Gone with the Wind and in the later film of the same name. ... William Clark Gable (February 1, 1901 – November 16, 1960) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ... Rhett Butler is the handsome, dashing hero of Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell. ... Leslie Howard (April 3, 1893 - June 1, 1943) was an English stage and Academy Award nominated film actor. ... Ashley Wilkes is a fictional character in the Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel Gone with the Wind and the later film of the same name. ... Olivia Mary de Havilland (born July 1, 1916) is a two-time Academy Award winning actress in American motion pictures and is the last surviving principal cast member from Gone with the Wind. ... Melanie Hamilton Wilkes is a fictional character first appearing in the novel Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell. ... Thomas Mitchell (July 11, 1892 – December 17, 1962) was an Academy, Emmy, and Tony award winning American film actor as well as a screenplay writer. ... Barbara ONeil (17 July 1910 - 3 September 1980 was an American actress. ... Evelyn Keyes (b. ... Ann Rutherford (born November 2, 1920) is a Canadian-American actress in film, radio, and television. ... George Reeves (January 5,[1] 1914 – June 16, 1959) was an American actor, best known for his role as Superman in the 1950s television program Adventures of Superman and his controversial death at the age of 45. ... This article is about the television series. ... Hattie McDaniel (June 10, 1895 – October 26, 1952) was an African American actress. ... Butterfly McQueen Butterfly McQueen (January 7, 1911 – December 22, 1995) was an American film and television actress. ... Victor Jory (November 23, 1902 – February 12, 1982) was a Canadian actor. ... Howard C. Hickman (9 February 1880 - 31 December 1949) was an accomplished stage leading man, who entered films through the auspices of producer Thomas H. Ince. ... Alicia Rhett was a portrait painter who also played India Wilkes in Gone with the Wind, her only film role. ... Laura Hope Crews (b. ... Edmund Lincoln Anderson (September 18, 1905 - February 28, 1977), often known as Eddie Rochester Anderson, was an African-American comic actor who became famous playing Rochester van Jones (usually known simply as Rochester), the valet to Jack Bennys eponymous title character on the long-running radio and television series... Harry Davenport (January 19, 1866 – August 9, 1949) was an actor who appeared in small roles in many famous films of the early 1900s. ... Jane Darwell (October 15, 1879 – August 13, 1967) was an Academy Award-winning American theater and film actress. ... Ward Bond (April 9, 1903 - November 5, 1960) was an American film actor. ... Paul Hurst (October 15, 1888 – February 27, 1953 was an American Film actor and director. ... Cammie King as Bonnie Butler Eleanore Cammack Cammie King (born August 5, 1934 in Los Angeles, California) is best known for her portrayal of Bonnie Blue Butler in the film Gone with the Wind (1939). ... Ona Munson in Going Wild 1930 Ona Munson [1] (June 16, 1903 – February 11, 1955) was an American actress perhaps best known for her portrayal of prostitute Belle Watling in Gone with the Wind. ... Eric Linden (b. ... Cliff Edwards (14 June 1895 – 17 July 1971), also known as Ukelele Ike, was an American singer and musician who enjoyed considerable popularity in the 1920s and early 1930s, and also did voices for animated cartoons later in his career. ...

Academy Awards

Winner of 10 Academy Awards. The first eight received the "Oscar" statuette: Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ...

Five additional nominations: Selznick International Pictures was a Hollywood motion picture studio, founded in 1935 by producer David O. Selznick and investor John Hay Whitney. ... David O. Selznick David Oliver Selznick (May 10, 1902–June 22, 1965), was one of the icon Hollywood producers of the Golden Age. ... Vivien Leigh, Lady Olivier (November 5, 1913 – July 8, 1967) was a two-time Academy Award winning English actress. ... Hattie McDaniel (June 10, 1895 – October 26, 1952) was an African American actress. ... Ernest Haller, also credited as Ernie B. Haller, (31 May 1896-21 October 1970), was an American cinematographer. ... Ray Rennahan (b. ... Victor Fleming (February 23, 1883 - January 6, 1949) (sometimes Vic Fleming) was an American film director. ... Sidney Coe Howard, born June 26, 1891 in Oakland, California, United States – died August 23, 1939 in Tyringham, Massachusetts, was a playwright and screenwriter who became the first person to win both a Pulitzer Prize and an Academy Award. ... Lyle Reynolds Wheeler (February 2, 1905 - January 10, 1990) was an important American motion picture art director. ... William Cameron Menzies (July 29, 1896 - March 5, 1957) was an Academy Award-winning and versatile art director who earned acclaim on silent films and later pioneered the use of color in film for dramatic effect. ...

  • Best Actor in a Leading Role - Clark Gable
  • Best Actress in a Supporting Role - Olivia de Havilland
  • Best Effects, Special Effects - Fred Albin (sound), Jack Cosgrove (photographic), and Arthur Johns (sound)
  • Best Music, Original Score - Max Steiner
  • Best Sound, Recording - Thomas T. Moulton (Samuel Goldwyn SSD)

Also: William Clark Gable (February 1, 1901 – November 16, 1960) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ... Olivia Mary de Havilland (born July 1, 1916) is a two-time Academy Award winning actress in American motion pictures and is the last surviving principal cast member from Gone with the Wind. ... Maximilian Raoul Walter Steiner (born May 10, 1888 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary; died December 28, 1971 in Hollywood, California) was an Austrian-American composer of music for theater production shows and films. ...

The Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award is awarded periodically (although not every year) at the Academy Awards ceremonies to Creative producers, whose bodies of work reflect a consistently high quality of motion picture production. ...

Sequel

Rumors of Hollywood producing a sequel to this film persisted for decades until 1994, when a sequel was finally produced for television, based upon Alexandra Ripley's novel, Scarlett, itself a sequel to Mitchell's original. Both the book and mini-series were met with mixed reviews. In the TV version, British actors played both key roles: Welsh-born actor Timothy Dalton played Rhett while Manchester-born Joanne Whalley played Scarlett. Original plans were used for the reconstruction of a replica of the original Tara set in Charleston, South Carolina for the filming. The year 1994 in film involved some significant events. ... Alexandra Ripley, née Braid (January 8, 1934 - January 10, 2004) was a U.S. writer best known as the author of Scarlett (1991), the sequel to Gone With the Wind. ... Scarlett is a novel written in 1991 by Alexandra Ripley as a sequel to Margaret Mitchells Gone with the Wind. ... A miniseries, in a serial storytelling medium, is a production which tells a story in a limited number of episodes. ... This article is about the country. ... Timothy Peter Dalton (born March 21, 1946[1]) is an English actor of stage and screen, best known for portraying James Bond in The Living Daylights (1987) and Licence to Kill (1989) and in his roles in Shakespearean related films and plays. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... Joanne Whalley (born 25 August 1964 in Salford, Lancashire) is an English actress. ...


Trivia

  • Gone with the Wind is Ted Turner's favorite movie, as such he launched the TNT network with a broadcast of this film.
  • Clark Gable and Vivien Leigh spent their time between takes playing battleship as said by Olivia de Havilland during an interview called, "Melanie Remembers." They permitted de Havilland to play once and she promptly beat the both of them. She was not allowed to play again.
  • Also in Olivia de Havilland's interview, she stated that when it came time to get into character she would take at least twenty minutes to fully become Melanie while Vivien Leigh could march before the camera and become Scarlett O'Hara.
  • All the liquid used for alcohol was tea, but during the scene where Clark Gable and Hattie McDaniel are drinking to the birth of Bonnie Butler, Gable (as a joke) replaced the tea with real alcohol. McDaniel did not know until she took a swig. (Courtesy of IMDB).
  • Just as Clark Gable played a joke on Hattie McDaniel, the crew played one on him. During the scene when Rhett arrives to rescue Scarlett, Melanie, Melanie's baby and Prissy, Rhett enters the bedroom to pick up the weakened Melanie from her bed. The crew had secretly sewn 70 lbs of lead weights into her nightgown costume. When Gable tried to pick up de Havilland from the bed, he found her a bit too heavy. Not one to be sore, Gable goodnaturedly asked if the crew had nailed Miss de Havilland to the floor.
  • Olivia de Havilland's character Melanie is the only principal character to die in the movie. Ironically, de Havilland is the only member of the top four members of the cast to still be alive. Leslie Howard died in a plane crash during the war, Clark Gable died of a heart attack in 1960, and Vivien Leigh died of tuberculosis in 1967.
  • Vivien Leigh reportedly stated that she did not like kissing Clark Gable citing his breath smelled foul.
  • During the filming of Gone with the Wind, Vivien Leigh was reported to have smoked four packs of cigarettes a day.
  • When Hattie McDaniel won her Oscar, she was overcome with tears and only gave a hushed thank you. When her costar, Olivia de Havilland, came by to congratulate her, it was only then she realized that she herself had not won the coveted award (they were nominated together for Best Supporting Actress). Overcome with emotion, de Havilland rushed out of the room in tears.
  • The song that Prissy sings during Melanie's labor is from the third verse of "My Old Kentucky Home." She sings, "A few more days for to tote the weary load; no matter, 'twill never be light." The rest of the verse goes, "A few more days 'til we totter on the road, then my old Kentucky home goodnight!"

For other persons named Ted Turner, see Ted Turner (disambiguation). ... Turner Network Television, usually referred to as TNT, is an American cable TV network created by media mogul Ted Turner and currently owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner. ... pencil and paper game version The game Battleship is a guessing game played by two people. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) [1] is an online database of information about actors, movies, television shows, television stars and video games. ...

References

  1. ^ "List of Oscars won in 1940". Ben-Hur would surpass it in 1960. IMDb, Awards for Ben-Hur.
  2. ^ "All-Time Top 206 Movies by U.S. Theatre Attendance"
  3. ^ http://www.boxofficemojo.com/alltime/adjusted.htm
  4. ^ Selznick gave her an additional $50,000 as a bonus when he dissolved Selznick International Pictures in 1942.
  5. ^ Haver, Ronald (1980). David O. Selznick's Hollywood. New York: Knopf. ISBN 0-394-42595-2. 
  6. ^ Pratt, William (1977). Scarlett Fever. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., 73-74, 81-83. ISBN 0-02-598560-4.  In a memo to George Cukor on October 21, 1938, Selznick said he was "still hoping against hope for that new girl." Memo, p. 184
  7. ^ Letter from David O. Selznick to Ed Sullivan, Jan. 7, 1939. Research by Leigh's biographer Michelangelo Capua has called into question both ancestral claims.
  8. ^ Selznick, David O. (2000). Memo from David O. Selznick. New York: Modern Library, 172-173. ISBN 0-375-75531-4. 
  9. ^ Myrick, Susan (1982). White Columns in Hollywood: Reports from the GWTW Sets. Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press, 126-127. ISBN 0-86554-044-6.  From a private letter from journalist Susan Myrick to Margaret Mitchell in February 1939:
    George [Cukor] finally told me all about it. He hated [leaving the production] very much he said but he could not do otherwise. In effect, he said he is an honest craftsman and he cannot do a job unless he knows it is a good job and he feels the present job is not right. For days, he told me he has looked at the rushes and felt he was failing... the thing did not click as it should. Gradually he became convinced that the script was the trouble... David [Selznick], himself, thinks HE is writing the script... And George has continually taken script from day to day, compared the [Oliver] Garrett-Selznick version with the [Sidney] Howard, groaned and tried to change some parts back to the Howard script. But he seldom could do much with the scene... So George just told David he would not work any longer if the script was not better and he wanted the Howard script back. David told George he was a director — not an author and he (David) was the producer and the judge of what is a good script... George said he was a director and a damn good one and he would not let his name go out over a lousy picture... And bull-headed David said, "OK get out!"
    Selznick had already been unhappy with Cukor ("a very expensive luxury") for not being more receptive to directing other Selznick assignments, even though Cukor had remained on salary since early 1937; and in a confidential memo written in September 1938, Selznick flirted with the idea of replacing him with Victor Fleming. (Memo, 179-180.) Louis B. Mayer had been trying to have Cukor replaced with an MGM director since negotiations between the two studios began in May 1938. In December 1938, Selznick wrote to his wife about a phone call he had with Mayer: "During the same conversation, your father made another stab at getting George off of Gone with the Wind." Scott Eyman, Lion of Hollywood: The Life and Legend of Louis B. Mayer (2005), pp. 258-259.
  10. ^ Molt, Cynthia Marylee (1990). Gone with the Wind on Film: A Complete Reference. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 272-281. ISBN 0-89950-439-6. 
  11. ^ "G With the W", Time, vol. 34, December 25, 1939. "Record Wind", Time, February 19, 1940, specified $3,850,000.
  12. ^ "G With the W", Time, vol. 34, December 25, 1939.
  13. ^ Thomson, David (1992). Showman: The Life of David O. Selznick. New York: Knopf. ISBN 0-394-56833-8. 
  14. ^ In February 1940, the movie was playing in 156 theatres in 150 U. S. cities.
  15. ^ wav file
  16. ^ Chapter 38:
    I won't be a big-mouthed fool, she [Scarlett] thought grimly. Let others break their hearts over the old days and the men who'll never come back. Let others burn with fury over the Yankee rule and losing the ballot. Let others go to jail for speaking their minds and get themselves hanged for being in the Ku Klux Klan. (Oh, what a dreaded name that was, almost as terrifying to Scarlett as to the negroes.)
  17. ^ Harris, Warren G. Clark Gable: A Biography, Harmony, (2002), page 211.
  18. ^ The American Widescreen Museum, Gone With the Wind.
  19. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200506/s1398449.htm
  20. ^ Although legend persists that the Hays Office fined Selznick $5,000 for using the word "damn", in fact the Motion Picture Association board passed an amendment to the Production Code on November 1, 1939, that forbade use of the words "hell" or "damn" except when their use "shall be essential and required for portrayal, in proper historical context, of any scene or dialogue based upon historical fact or folklore … or a quotation from a literary work, provided that no such use shall be permitted which is intrinsically objectionable or offends good taste." With that amendment, the Production Code Administration had no further objection to Rhett's closing line. Leonard J. Leff and Jerold L. Simmons, The Dame in the Kimono: Hollywood, Censorship, and the Production Code, pp. 107-108.
  21. ^ Los Angeles Times, May 17, 1959, p. G10.
  22. ^ Jennifer W. Dickey, "A Tough Little Patch of History": Atlanta's Marketplace for Gone With the Wind Memory, Ph.D. dissertation, Georgia State University, 2007, pp. 85–89.
  23. ^ Murray Schumach, "Hollywood Gives Tara to Atlanta," New York Times, May 25, 1959, p. 33.
  24. ^ The disassembled set was later sold to the owner of a Gone with the Wind-themed bed and breakfast inn in Concord, Georgia, who determined that the façade would be impossible to restore. Dickey, pp. 120–121.

Ben-Hur is a 1959 epic film directed by William Wyler, and is the third version of Lew Wallaces novel, Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ (1880). ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Production Code (also known as the Hays Code) was a set of industry guidelines governing the production of American motion pictures. ... MPAA redirects here. ... The Production Code (also known as the Hays Code) was a set of industry guidelines governing the production of American motion pictures. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tourists of various nationalities chatting over breakfast at a B&B in Quebec City. ... Concord is a town located in Pike County, Georgia. ...

Further reading

  • Bridges, Herb (1998). The Filming of Gone with the Wind. Mercer University Press. ISBN 0-86554-621-5.
  • Bridges, Herb (1999). Gone with the Wind: The Three-Day Premiere in Atlanta. Mercer University Press. ISBN 0-86554-672-X.
  • Cameron, Judy, & Paul J. Christman (1989). The Art of Gone with the Wind: The Making of a Legend. Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-046740-5.
  • Harmetz, Aljean (1996). On the Road to Tara: The Making of Gone with the Wind. New York: Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 0-8109-3684-4.
  • Hutchinson, Ron (2004). Moonlight and Magnolias, two-act comedy featuring producer David O Selznick, play doctor Ben Hecht and director Victor Fleming, engaged in a frantic, five day re-writing of the Gone with the Wind screenplay, before filming resumed under Fleming's direction. Hutchinson's play was first staged at The Goodman Theatre, Chicago, Illinois on May 15, 2004. The playscript was published by Oberon Books, London (2007) ISBN 1840028106, to coincide with the London premiere at the Tricycle Theatre on October 1, 2007.[1]
  • Vertrees, Alan David (1997). Selznick's Vision: Gone with the Wind and Hollywood Filmmaking. University of Texas Press. ISBN 0292787294.

The Goodman Theatre The Goodman Theatre is a theater in Chicagos Loop, and part of Chicago theatre. ... The Tricycle Theatre is located on Kilburn High Road in the Kilburn district of north London. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Gone with the Wind
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Awards
Preceded by
You Can't Take It with You
Academy Award for Best Picture
1939
Succeeded by
Rebecca

For the film, see Gone with the Wind (film). ... Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell (November 8, 1900 – August 16, 1949), popularly known as Margaret Mitchell was an American author, who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1937 for her novel, Gone with the Wind, published in 1936. ... Scarlett OHara (full name Katie Scarlett OHara Hamilton Kennedy Butler) of French-Irish ancestry is the protagonist in Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel Gone with the Wind and in the later film of the same name. ... Rhett Butler is the handsome, dashing hero of Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell. ... Ashley Wilkes is a fictional character in the Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel Gone with the Wind and the later film of the same name. ... Melanie Hamilton Wilkes is a fictional character first appearing in the novel Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell. ... Scarlett is a musical with a score by Harold Rome. ... Scarlett is a novel written in 1991 by Alexandra Ripley as a sequel to Margaret Mitchells Gone with the Wind. ... Rhett Butlers People is an authorized sequel to Gone with the Wind. ... The Wind Done Gone is the first novel written by Alice Randall. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial)  States that seceded under CSA control  States and territories claimed by CSA without formal secession and/or control Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia... Antebellum is a Latin word meaning before war(ante means before and bellum is war). ... For other uses, see Reconstruction (disambiguation). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gone with the wind - a movie star's hopes of golfing glory - Telegraph (767 words)
Gone with the wind - a movie star's hopes of golfing glory
The other amateur in the group, partnering Anders Forsbrand, was Eric Fellner, who has produced four of Grant's films, and together with the jovial Torrance, they all seemed to enjoy as much as was humanly possible given the desperate conditions.
The small knot of people accompanying them had dwindled to a handful by the time they were waiting to play their approach shots to the third green, at which point they had been out there for the thick end of an hour.
New Georgia Encyclopedia: Gone With the Wind (Film) (1558 words)
The film is a relatively faithful adaptation of the novel, despite a handful of significant changes.
Although the film provides a compelling if romanticized portrait of the southern planter class, it vilifies the white lower class (mainly represented by the overseer Jonas Wilkerson), and slaves and exslaves are viewed both as clowns and as faithful servants.
Gone With the Wind was widely praised as a landmark achievement, and critics continue to regard it as important for its cinematography, art direction, and special effects, and for its ambitious portrayal of history.
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