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Encyclopedia > Gone with the Wind
Gone with the Wind

1936 first edition cover of Gone with the Wind
Author Margaret Mitchell
Country United States
Language English
Publisher Macmillan Publishers
Publication date June 30, 1936
Media type Print (hardcover and paperback)
Pages 1037 (first edition)
1024 (Warner Books paperback)
ISBN ISBN 0-446-36538-6 (Warner)

Gone with the Wind is a 1936 American novel by Margaret Mitchell set in the Old South during the American Civil War and Reconstruction.[1] The novel won the 1937 Pulitzer Prize and was adapted into an Academy Award-winning 1939 film of the same name and a stage musical titled Scarlett. It is the only novel by Mitchell published during her lifetime, and it took her ten years to write it. The novel is one of the most popular books of all time, selling more than 30 million copies (see list of best-selling books). Over the years, the novel has also been analyzed for its symbolism and treatment of mythological archetypes. [2][3] Gone with the Wind is a 1939 film adapted from Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel of the same name. ... Scarlett is a musical with a score by Harold Rome. ... Image File history File links Gone_with_the_Wind_cover. ... Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell (November 8, 1900 – August 16, 1949), popularly known as Margaret Mitchell was an American author, who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1937 for her novel, Gone with the Wind, published in 1936. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A publisher is a person or entity which engages in the act of publishing. ... Macmillan Publishers Ltd, also known as The Macmillan Group, is a privately-held international publishing company owned by Georg von Holtzbrinck Publishing Group. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hardcover books A hardcover (or hardback or hardbound) is a book bound with rigid protective covers (typically of cardboard covered with cloth, heavy paper, or sometimes leather). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... see also: The First Edition, a musical group fronted by Kenny Rogers. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... ISBN redirects here. ... For other uses, see Novel (disambiguation). ... Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell (November 8, 1900 – August 16, 1949), popularly known as Margaret Mitchell was an American author, who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1937 for her novel, Gone with the Wind, published in 1936. ... Geographically, Old South is a subregion of the American South, differentiated from the Deep South as being the Southern States represented in the original thirteen American colonies, as well as a way of describing the former lifestyle in the Southern United States. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... For other uses, see Reconstruction (disambiguation). ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Gone with the Wind is a 1939 film adapted from Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel of the same name. ... Scarlett is a musical with a score by Harold Rome. ... The frontispiece to the 1611 first edition of the King James Bible This page provides lists of best-selling single-volume books, book series, authors, and childrens books of all time and in any language. ... For other uses, see Archetype (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Title

The title is taken from the first line of the third stanza of the poem Non Sum Qualis eram Bonae Sub Regno Cynarae[4] by Ernest Dowson: "I have forgot much, Cynara! gone with the wind." The novel's protagonist Scarlett O'Hara also uses the title phrase in a line of dialogue in the book: when her hometown is overtaken by the Yankees, she wonders if her home, a plantation called Tara, is still standing, or if it was "also gone with the wind which had swept through Georgia". Ernest Christopher Dowson (2 August 1867-23 February 1900), an English poet who was associated with the Decadent Movement, was born at Lee, south-east of London. ... A protagonist is the main figure of a piece of literature or drama and has the main part or role. ... Scarlett OHara (full name Katie Scarlett OHara Hamilton Kennedy Butler) of French-Irish ancestry is the protagonist in Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel Gone with the Wind and in the later film of the same name. ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ...


Plot summary

Mitchell's work relates the story of a rebellious Georgia Southern belle named Scarlett O'Hara and her experiences with friends, family, lovers, and enemies before, during, and after the Civil War. Using Scarlett's life, Mitchell examined the effect of the War on the old order of the South, and the aftermath of the war on what was left of the southern planter class. The plot of Gone with the Wind contains many details which have triggered spin-off concepts,[5] parodies, and cultural influences over the past decades; however, the plot has been shortened here for brevity. Scarlett OHara (full name Katie Scarlett OHara Hamilton Kennedy Butler) of French-Irish ancestry is the protagonist in Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel Gone with the Wind and in the later film of the same name. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...


Part One

The novel opens at Tara, the O'Hara plantation in Georgia, with Scarlett O'Hara flirting idly with Brent and Stuart Tarleton, twin brothers who live on a nearby plantation. Amidst the chatter, the pair tell Scarlett that Ashley Wilkes, the man Scarlett secretly loves, is to marry his cousin Melanie Hamilton, a plain and gentle lady from Atlanta. Scarlett hurries to find her father, Gerald O'Hara who confirms that Ashley does intend to marry Melanie. He sharply warns Scarlett that she and Ashley would make a terrible match and encourages her to consider the attentions of one of the other local beaux. Tara, the fictional plantation found in Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel Gone with the Wind, was located near Jonesborough (now Jonesboro), Georgia. ... Atlanta redirects here. ...


Scarlett is miserable until she concludes that Ashley does not know she is in love with him. She plots to make Ashley jealous by surrounding herself with men at the barbecue the next day at the Wilkes plantation of Twelve Oaks, then admit to him that she prefers him above all the others. Among the fawning gentlemen are Melanie's brother, Charles Hamilton and Frank Kennedy, the beau of her sister, Suellen O'Hara. Things do not go according to plan; Ashley is kind to Scarlett but tells her that he will still marry Melanie. The unreceived Rhett Butler, hidden behind a couch during the emotional scene, sees Scarlett throw a vase across the room in anger after Ashley leaves. Rhett is impressed by her fire. Charles Hamilton, himself in love with Scarlett, proposes later in the evening. Scarlett accepts Charles in order to hurt Ashley, to the great distress of Ashley's sister Honey Wilkes, who had been betrothed to Charles.


Both couples marry within weeks. Scarlett bitterly regrets her decision but receives a warm welcome from Melanie, who now considers Scarlett to be her sister. Two months later, Charles dies of measles at a military camp, before he has had the opportunity to fight on the battlefield, confirming Scarlett's opinion of his unheroic weakness.


As a widow, Scarlett is relegated to the stringent mourning rituals of the day: years of wearing unadorned black, living quietly at home, and limited social interaction. She gives birth to a son Wade Hampton Hamilton. (In keeping with tradition, Scarlett names him for Charles' commanding officer). She is more distressed over her boredom and new motherhood than at Charles' death. Her mother, Ellen O'Hara, believing Scarlett to be pining away from a broken heart, sends her to Atlanta to Charles' elderly aunt Aunt Pittypat and Melanie in an attempt to raise her spirits.


Part Two

In Atlanta, Scarlett quickly joins the hustle and bustle of the city. Melanie treats Scarlett like a sister and is blind to Scarlett's contempt towards and jealousy of her. At a charity ball, they encounter Rhett Butler. He outrages Atlanta society by asking Scarlett to dance, despite her mourning. Scarlett happily accepts stating she would dance with any one, including Abe Lincoln himself.


Against the background of war, Scarlett stays in Atlanta and enjoys the company of Rhett. He ostensibly calls on Aunty Pittypat, as widows cannot properly receive male callers. His sharp wit and sarcastic charm both infuriate and beguile Scarlett, though she continues to carry a torch for Ashley. When Ashley comes home for Christmas, Scarlett becomes acutely aware of the privileges Melanie holds as his wife. The day Ashley leaves, Scarlett again reveals her feelings to him, hoping Ashley will also break down and allow himself to tell Scarlett that he loves her too.


Ashley has a more important matter to discuss with Scarlett. Sensing the end of the war and the fall of the South, he makes Scarlett promise that she will look after Melanie and see his family through the upcoming crisis in his absence. Scarlett blindly agrees to his promise. As Ashley heads for the door, Scarlett clings to him desperately and they share a passionate, forbidden embrace. Scarlett sobs that she loves him and that she only married Charles to hurt him. Ashley says nothing and wrenches himself from her grasp. He hurries from the house and away from Scarlett.


Part Three

The tide of war has turned against the South. Atlanta is under siege; when the Yankees finally begin their siege of Atlanta, the city evacuates. Melanie and Scarlett cannot leave, as Melanie about to give birth. Scarlett must deliver Melanie's baby alone, as everyone has fled or too busy caring for wounded soldiers to spare time for a birth. Scarlett begs Rhett to assist them but the best he can provide is a broken-down horse and carriage stolen from the Army. He carts the weakened Melanie, her infant son Beau, Scarlett's son Wade, Prissy, and Scarlett out of Atlanta. In a fit of conscience, he abandons them on the road back to Tara to turn back and fight for the South. Before he leaves, he kisses Scarlett and tells her he loves her, but she angrily pushes him away.


Arriving at Tara, Scarlett finds the house in ruins, the crops burned, most of the slaves run off, her mother dead, her father demented, and her two sisters sick with typhoid. The reins of authority are thrust into her hands. They and their neighbors share what they have, but everyone at Tara must work in the fields in order to survive. When a lone Yankee soldier arrives looking to loot and assault Scarlett, she shoots him. The still-weak Melanie comes running with Charles' sword, but it is too heavy for her to lift. Nonetheless, Scarlett feels the beginnings of comradeship with her sister-in-law. The two loot the dead soldier's pockets and knapsack before swearing each other to secrecy about his death.


Months later, news finally reaches Tara that the war is over and the Confederacy dissolved. Soldiers begin straggling home. On their way, some seek the refuge of Tara for food and hospitality. Comrades bring a wounded soldier named Will Benteen, whom Carreen nurses back to health. Benteen remains at Tara after he recovers, and takes on more responsibility and shifts Scarlett's heavy load onto his own shoulders. Suellen's beau Frank Kennedy asks Scarlett for her sister’s hand in marriage, and she gives her consent.


The only word of Ashley is that he was in a Yankee prison for the last year of the war. One day he finally appears coming up the long road towards Tara. Melanie and Scarlett both rush to greet him, but Will stops Scarlett by saying, "He's her husband, ain't he?" Scarlett reluctantly hangs back, but is nonetheless euphoric over Ashley's return.


Part Four

Tara's former overseer, Yankee Jonas Wilkerson raises the taxes on Tara to force the O'Haras out so that he and his wife, Emmie Slattery, can live there. Frantic to save Tara and anxious to keep Jonas and Emmie out, Scarlett goes to Atlanta to beg Rhett for money. She finds Rhett in jail and unable to help her; all of his money is frozen, as he's a known Confederate sympathizer and blockade runner. Upon leaving the jail, she runs into Frank Kennedy, now a successful storeowner, and in desperation, manipulates Frank to believe that an impatient Suellen is to marry someone else. Frank, saddened by Suellen's supposed defection and unable to resist Scarlett's charms, marries her and gives her the tax money. After Rhett gets out of jail, he lends her more so that she can buy a sawmill, with the promise that she will not use the money to help Ashley Wilkes.


To her dismay, Scarlett becomes pregnant with Frank’s child. She earns the wrath of the "Old Guard" of Atlanta society when she continues showing herself in public when pregnant and succeeding in the man's world of business.


Scarlett receives word from Tara her father Gerald has died. When she returns to Tara for the funeral, Will tells her about the circumstances of his death. Suellen had tried to persuade a disoriented Gerald to sign the Ironclad Oath (to the Yankee government) for money. Briefly lucid, Gerald realizes her intentions, flies into a rage and disowns Suellen. In an attempt to jump a fence with his horse, he falls and breaks his neck. The community despises Suellen for her part in Gerald’s death. Scarlett, struggling with her family’s poverty, quietly agrees with her. Despite his love for Carreen, Will announces his intention to marry Suellen to assuage the community’s animosity toward her. Carreen, unable to recover from the death of Brent Tarleton at Gettysburg, enters the convent. After Gerald's funeral, Scarlett manipulates Ashley into returning to Atlanta to run her sawmill, wanting to stop him from leaving for the North to find work. Being dependent on Scarlett and having to work for her breaks Ashley's spirit and independence.


Scarlett regularly drives alone to and from the sawmill, despite being warned against it by her acquaintances. One day she is assaulted by a poor white man and his black companion as she drives through the woods near shantytown. Her former slave Big Sam appears and fights off the attackers. To avenge the attack, Frank, Ashley, and the rest of the local men (as part of the Ku Klux Klan) raid the shantytown. Ashley is injured and Frank is killed.


Following Frank’s funeral, Rhett unceremoniously proposes to Scarlett, wanting to marry her before she marries someone else. Belle Watling, a local madam and Rhett’s mistress, hears that Melanie wishes to pay a call on her in order to thank her for saving Ashley's life on the night of the raid. To forestall the visit, which would scandalize Atlanta society, Belle stops by Melanie's house in a closed carriage to see Melanie. Melanie offers Belle her friendship in return.


Part Five

Scarlett marries Rhett and finds marriage to him surprisingly pleasant. Other than refusing to help Ashley Wilkes, Rhett completely spoils her. Scarlett begins spending time with the newly rich Yankees, who are portrayed as having few if any scruples. Scarlett builds a mansion and spends money lavishly. The Old Guard decide to cut Scarlett and Rhett out of society for keeping company with Yankees and flaunting their wealth.


Only Melanie's undying loyalty keeps Scarlett in the fold at all. Scarlett soon learns that she is pregnant and gives birth to a baby girl. While they name the infant Eugenia Victoria (for Queen Victoria and Empress Eugenie of the French), her blue eyes inspire the lasting nickname of Bonnie Blue Butler. Rhett is immensely proud of the child and spoils her unabashedly. Not wanting to betray her continuing love for Ashley and chagrined at the ruin of her figure, Scarlett informs Rhett that as she does not want to have any more children, they will no longer share a bed. Rhett becomes bitterly angry. Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ...


Rejected by Scarlett, Rhett turns to their daughter Bonnie for comfort. He decides that Bonnie should have everything and turns to winning over Atlanta.


Soon after, Melanie plans a surprise birthday party for Ashley. Scarlett goes to his mill and the two chat about old times at Twelve Oaks. They hug as friends. However, India Wilkes and Archie misinterpret this embrace, both suspecting Scarlett's true feelings for Ashley. They eagerly spread the rumor. Later that night, Rhett, having heard from Archie, forces Scarlett out of bed and to the party in her most flamboyant dress. Incapable of believing anything bad of her beloved sister-in-law, Melanie stands by Scarlett's side so that all know that she believes the gossip to be false.


At home later that night, Scarlett finds Rhett downstairs drunk. Blind with jealousy, he tells Scarlett that he loves her and could kill her to make her forget Ashley. Picking her up, he carries her up the stairs and the two make passionate, uninhibited love. Scarlett wakes up alone the next morning, eager to see her husband. Rhett stays away as he is horrified at his behavior. Rhett takes Bonnie on an extended trip abroad. All of Atlanta chooses sides between India and Scarlett. Melanie continues to support Scarlett and rejects India, her husband's own sister.


Scarlett discovers that she is pregnant again. For the first time, she is glad. When Rhett returns after three months and rebuffs her attempts at reconciliation, she tells him she does not want the baby. Hurt, Rhett scornfully says, "Cheer up. Maybe you'll have a miscarriage." Enraged, Scarlett tries to attack him, falls down the stairs, and suffers a miscarriage. Rhett, frantic with guilt, cries to Melanie about his jealousy. He refrains from telling Melanie about Scarlett's true feelings for Ashley.


After she recovers, Rhett tricks Scarlett into selling the sawmills to Ashley. Rhett spends his time edging Bonnie back into Southern society. Tragically, Bonnie dies while trying to jump her horse, just as her grandfather Gerald O'Hara did. Scarlett blames Rhett, Rhett blames himself, and they refuse to see each other. Scarlett regrets what she said and desperately wants to see him. While attempting to mediate between the two, Melanie falls gravely ill. After having Beau, she was warned by doctors not to have any more children. She always desired more children and became pregnant.


On her deathbed, Melanie tells Scarlett to watch out for Ashley and to be good to Rhett because he loves her. Scarlett realizes she never really loved Ashley. Rather she loved the noble "knight" and her memories of her carefree childhood, which he represented to her.


She rushes to share her revelation with Rhett, now finally drained of his love for Scarlett. He rejects her overtures and tells her that he is leaving her. Scarlett cries, "But what will I do? Where will I go?" Rhett replies with the famous line, "My dear, I don't give a damn." (The movie inserted the word "frankly.") He returns, presumably, to his hometown of Charleston. Devastated by her realization of true love and the consequences of her past selfishness, Scarlett decides to go back to Tara. She is sure she can think of a solution. She still believes that Rhett will return to her if she tries to reconcile. The book ends with Scarlett's proclamation: "After all, tomorrow is another day!"


Characters

Butler household

  • Scarlett O'Hara – protagonist, willful and spoiled Southern belle. Scarlett will do anything to keep her land and get what she wants.
  • Rhett Butler – Scarlett's love interest and third husband, often publicly shunned for scandalous behavior, sometimes accepted for his charm. He is portrayed as the perfect man.
  • Wade Hampton Hamilton – Scarlett and Charles Hamilton’s shy, timid son.
  • Ella Lorena Kennedy – Scarlett and Frank Kennedy’s homely daughter.
  • Eugenie Victoria "Bonnie Blue" Butler – Scarlett and Rhett's pretty, beloved, pampered daughter.

Scarlett OHara (full name Katie Scarlett OHara Hamilton Kennedy Butler) of French-Irish ancestry is the protagonist in Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel Gone with the Wind and in the later film of the same name. ... Rhett Butler is the handsome, dashing hero of Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell. ...

Wilkes household

  • Ashley Wilkes – the man Scarlett loves, Melanie's husband, a dreamer and a gentleman.
  • Melanie Hamilton Wilkes – Ashley's wife and second cousin, Scarlett's sister-in-law, a true lady. Called "mealy-mouth" by Scarlett, but she quietly has a backbone of steel.
  • Beau Wilkes – Melanie's and Ashley's lovable son, delivered by Scarlett.
  • India Wilkes – Ashley's sister. Almost engaged to Stuart Tarleton, she bitterly hates Scarlett for stealing his attention before he is killed at Gettysburg. Lives with Aunt Pittypat after Scarlett marries Rhett and moves out.
  • Honey Wilkes – boy-crazy sister of India and Ashley. Originally "intended" to marry Charles Hamilton until Scarlett marries him.
  • John Wilkes- Owner of Twelve Oaks Plantation and patriarch of the Wilkes family

Ashley Wilkes is a fictional character in the Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel Gone with the Wind and the later film of the same name. ... Melanie Hamilton Wilkes is a fictional character first appearing in the novel Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell. ...

O'Hara household

  • Mammy – Scarlett's nurse from birth; a slave. Cited by Rhett as "the real head of the household."
  • Gerald O'Hara – Scarlett's fiery Irish father.
  • Ellen O'Hara – Scarlett's beloved mother, of aristocratic French ancestry, a true southern lady.
  • Suellen O'Hara – Scarlett's younger sister, whiny and lazy.
  • Carreen O'Hara – Scarlett's youngest sister, gentle and kind.
  • Pork – first and loyal slave of Gerald O'Hara.
  • Dilcey – Pork's wife, purchased from Twelve Oaks.
  • Prissy – slave daughter of Dilcey, silly and foolish.
  • Rosa – Upstairs slave maid.
  • Teena – Upstairs slave maid.
  • Jack – Dining room slave servant.
  • Big Sam – Overseer and slave; rescues Scarlett in Shantytown.

Other characters

  • Charles Hamilton – Melanie's brother, Scarlett's first husband, shy and loving.
  • Frank Kennedy – Suellen's former beau, Scarlett's second husband, an older man who only wants peace and quiet.
  • Belle Watling – prostitute; Rhett is her friend and loyal customer.
  • Jonas Wilkerson – former overseer of Tara, father of Emmie Slattery's illegitimate baby.
  • Emmie Slattery – later wife of Jonas Wilkerson
  • Will Benteen – Confederate soldier who seeks refuge at Tara and eventually stays on to help with the plantation, in love with Carreen but marries Suellen.
  • Aunt Pittypat Hamilton – Charles’ and Melanie’s vaporish aunt who lives in Atlanta.
  • Uncle Peter – Aunt Pittypat's houseman and driver.
  • Archie – Scarlett's driver and protector, former convict.

Setting

  • Tara Plantation – The O'Hara home and plantation
  • Twelve Oaks – The Wilkes plantation.
  • Peachtree Street – location of Aunt Pittypat's home in Atlanta, where much of the book takes place, and site of Scarlett and Rhett's own large home.

Tara, the fictional plantation found in Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel Gone with the Wind, was located near Jonesborough (now Jonesboro), Georgia. ...

Politics

Many historians regard the book as having a strong ideological commitment to the cause of the Confederacy and a romanticized view of the culture of the antebellum South. Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial)  States that seceded under CSA control  States and territories claimed by CSA without formal secession and/or control Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia... Antebellum is a Latin word meaning before war(ante means before and bellum is war). ...


The book includes a vivid description of the fall of Atlanta in 1864 and the devastation of war (some of that aspect was missing from the 1939 film). The novel showed considerable historical research. Mitchell's sources were almost exclusively Southern writers and historians. According to her biography, Mitchell herself was ten years old before she learned that the South had lost the war. Mitchell's sweeping narrative of war and loss helped the book win the Pulitzer Prize on May 3, 1937. This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... Gone with the Wind is a 1939 film adapted from Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel of the same name. ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


An episode in the book dealt with the early Ku Klux Klan. In the immediate aftermath of the War, Scarlett is assaulted by poor southerners living in shanties, whereupon her former black slave Big Sam saves her life. In response, Scarlett's male friends attempt to make a retaliatory nighttime raid on the encampment. Northern soldiers try to stop the attacks, and Rhett helps Ashley, who is shot, to get help through his prostitute friend Belle. Scarlett's husband Frank is killed. This raid is presented sympathetically as being necessary and justified, while the law-enforcement officers trying to catch the perpetrators are depicted as oppressive Northern occupiers. Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ...


Although the Klan is not mentioned in that scene (though Rhett tells Archie to burn the "robes"), the book notes that Scarlett finds the Klan abominable. She believed the men should all just stay at home (she wanted both to be petted for her ordeal and to give the hated Yankees no more reason to tighten martial law, which is bad for her businesses). Rhett is also mentioned to be no great lover of the Klan. At one point, he said that if it were necessary, he would join in an effort to join "society". The novel never explicitly states whether this drastic step was necessary in his view. The local chapter later breaks up under the pressure from Rhett and Ashley.


Scarlett expresses views that were common of the era. Some examples:

  • "How stupid negroes were! They never thought of anything unless they were told." — Scarlett thinks to herself, after returning to Tara after the fall of Atlanta.
  • "How dared they laugh, the black apes!...She'd like to have them all whipped until the blood ran down...What devils the Yankees were to set them free!" — Scarlett again thinking to herself, seeing free blacks after the war.
  • However, she is kind to Pork, her father's trusted manservant. He tells Scarlett that if she were as nice to white people as she is to black, a lot more people would like her.
  • She almost loses her temper when the Yankee women say they would never have a black nurse in their house and talk about Uncle Peter, Aunt Pittypat's servant, as if he were a mule.

Scarlett has many spiteful and selfish opinions in the novel, and is callous toward her children, her sisters, and of course, Melanie, who has every virtue Scarlett lacks. Whether Mitchell shared Scarlett's views is unknown.


The book is far more open in the matter of freedom of speech than the film, and it leaves no doubt that this was necessary in order to show what people really felt without putting "makeup" that would take out the accurate nature of the book. This article is about the general concept. ...


Inspirations

As several elements of Gone with the Wind have parallels with Margaret Mitchell's own life, her experiences may have provided some inspiration for the story in context. Mitchell's understanding of life and hardship during the American Civil War, for example, came from elderly relatives and neighbors passing war stories to her generation.[6] Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...


While Margaret Mitchell used to say that her Gone with the Wind characters were not based on real people, modern researchers have found similarities to some of the people in Mitchell's own life as well as to individuals she knew or she heard of.[7] Mitchell's maternal grandmother, Annie Fitzgerald Stephens, was born in 1845; she was the daughter of an Irish immigrant, who owned a large plantation on Tara Road in Clayton County, south of Atlanta, and who married an American woman named Ellen, and had several children, all daughters.


Many researchers believe that the physical brutality and low regard for women exhibited by Rhett Butler was based on Mitchell's first husband, Red Upshaw. She divorced him after she learned he was a bootlegger amid rumors of abuse infidelity. Rhett Butler is the handsome, dashing hero of Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell. ... Rum-running is the business of smuggling or transporting of alcoholic beverages illegally, usually to circumvent taxation or prohibition. ...


After a stay at the plantation called The Woodlands, and later Barnsley Gardens, Mitchell may have gotten the inspiration for the dashing scoundrel from Sir Godfrey Barnsley of Adairsville, Georgia.


Martha Bulloch Roosevelt, the mother of US president Theodore Roosevelt may have been an inspiration for Scarlett O'Hara. Roosevelt biographer David McCullough discovered that Mitchell, as a reporter for The Atlanta Journal, conducted an interview with one of Martha's closest friends and bridesmaid, Evelyn King Williams, then 87. In that interview, she described Martha's physical appearance, beauty, grace, and intelligence in detail. The similarities between Martha and the Scarlett character are striking. Martha Bulloch age 22 - Was She the inspiration for the Scarlett OHara character? Martha Bulloch Roosevelt (July 8, 1835 – February 14, 1884) was the mother of US President Theodore Roosevelt and the paternal grandmother of Eleanor Roosevelt. ... For other persons named Theodore Roosevelt, see Theodore Roosevelt (disambiguation). ... David Gaub McCullough (mə-kŭlə) (born July 7, 1933) is an American historian and bestselling author. ... The Atlanta Journal-Constitution is the only major daily newspaper in Atlanta and its suburbs. ...


George Trenholm as Historical Basis for Rhett Butler

It made international news in 1989 when Dr. E. Lee Spence, an underwater archaeologist and shipwreck expert from Charleston, South Carolina, announced his discovery that Margaret Mitchell had actually taken much of her compelling story of love, greed and war from real life[8] and that Mitchell had actually based most of Rhett Butler on the life of George Alfred Trenholm.[9] Like Rhett, Trenholm was a tall, handsome, shipping magnate from Charleston, South Carolina, and made millions of dollars from blockade running. Both the real life Trenholm and the fictional Rhett were accused of making off with much of the Confederate treasury and were thrown in prison after the Civil War where they were visited by a beautiful woman with a "fast" reputation.[10][11] Spence's literary discovery that had its roots in his prior discoveries of some of Trenholm's wrecked blockade runners made international news.[12] Although internationally known as a pioneer in underwater archaeology and an expert on shipwrecks and sunken treasure, Dr. Spence is also a published author of non-fiction, reference books; a magazine editor (Diving World, Atlantic Coastal Diver, Treasure, Treasure Diver, and Treasure Quest), and publisher of both books and magazines... Underwater archaeology is the study of past human life, behaviours and cultures using the physical remains found in salt or fresh water or buried beneath water-logged sediment. ... Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell (November 8, 1900 – August 16, 1949), popularly known as Margaret Mitchell was an American author, who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1937 for her novel, Gone with the Wind, published in 1936. ... Rhett Butler is the handsome, dashing hero of Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell. ... George Alfred Trenholm (February 25, 1807 – December 9, 1876) was a prominent politician in the Confederate States of America. ... Polish Magnate (17th century) Magnate, from the Late Latin magnas, a great man, itself from Latin magnus great, designates a noble or other man in a high social position, by birth, wealth or other qualities. ...


In his book, Treasures of the Confederate Coast: The "Real Rhett Butler" and Other Revelations, Dr. Spence reveals what the editors of Life magazine called "overwhelming evidence" that shipping and banking magnate George Trenholm was the historical basis for Mitchell's romantic sea captain. Spence's book gives a compelling case that Mitchell had falsely claimed Rhett was pure fiction.[13] This article belongs in one or more categories. ...


Symbolism

Over the past years, the novel Gone with the Wind has also been analyzed for its symbolism and mythological treatment of archetypes.[2][3] Scarlett has been characterized as a heroic figure struggling and attempting to twist life to suit her own wishes.[2] The land is considered a source of strength, as in the plantation Tara,[3] pronounced the same as the Latin word terra, meaning the land. For other uses, see Archetype (disambiguation). ... Tragedy is one of the oldest forms of drama. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ...


Sequels

Although Mitchel refused to write a sequel to Gone With The Wind, Mitchel's estate authorised Alexandra Ripley to write the novel Scarlett in 1991. Alexandra Ripley, née Braid (January 8, 1934 - January 10, 2004) was a U.S. writer best known as the author of Scarlett (1991), the sequel to Gone With the Wind. ... Scarlett is a novel written in 1991 by Alexandra Ripley as a sequel to Margaret Mitchells Gone with the Wind. ...


Author Pat Conroy was approached to write a follow-up, but the project was ultimately abandoned.[14] Pat Conroy (born October 26, 1945 in Atlanta, Georgia) is a New York Times bestselling author who has written such acclaimed works as The Lords of Discipline, Beach Music, The Great Santini, The Prince of Tides, The Water is Wide, The Boo, My Losing Season, and Conroys stories have...


In 2000, the copyright holders attempted to suppress publication of Alice Randall’s The Wind Done Gone, a book that retold the story from the point of view of the slaves. A federal appeals court denied the plaintiffs an injunction against publication in Suntrust v. Houghton Mifflin (2001), on the basis that the book was parody protected by the First Amendment. The parties subsequently settled out of court to allow the book to be published. After its release, the book became a New York Times bestseller. Alice Randall (born in Detroit, Michigan) is an African American author and songwriter. ... The Wind Done Gone is the first novel written by Alice Randall. ... Look up Injunction in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Suntrust v. ... In contemporary usage, a parody (or lampoon) is a work that imitates another work in order to ridicule, ironically comment on, or poke some affectionate fun at the work itself, the subject of the work, the author or fictional voice of the parody, or another subject. ... “First Amendment” redirects here. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ...


In 2002, the copyright holders blocked distribution of an unauthorised sequel published in the U.S, The Winds of Tara by Katherine Pinotti, alleging copyright infringement. The book was immediately removed from bookstores by publisher Xlibris. The book sold in excess of 2,000 copies within 2 weeks before being removed.


A second sequel has been released in November of 2007. The story covers the same time period as Gone with the Wind and is told from Rhett Butler’s perspective. Written by Donald McCaig, this novel is titled Rhett Butler’s People (2007). [5] Donald McCaig (born 1940) is an American novelist, poet and essayist. ...


Adaptations

Gone With The Wind has been adapted several times for stage and screen, most famously in the 1930s film starring Clark Gable and Vivien Leigh. On stage it has been adapted as a musical Scarlett, and will again be adapted as a musical, to be directed by Trevor Nunn. This second version received its world premiere at the New London Theatre in April 2008, with only lukewarm critical reception. Gone with the Wind is a 1939 film adapted from Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel of the same name. ... William Clark Gable (February 1, 1901 – November 16, 1960) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ... Vivien Leigh, Lady Olivier (November 5, 1913 – July 8, 1967) was a two-time Academy Award winning English actress. ... Scarlett is the sequel to Margaret Mitchells Gone With the Wind. ... Sir Trevor King (born 14 January 1940) is a loser and film director. ... The New London Theatre is a theatre located on the corners of Drury Lane and Parker Street in the Covent Garden area of London. ...


See also

The Southern Renaissance was the reinvigoration of American Southern literature that began in the 1920s and 1930s with the appearance of writers such as William Faulkner, Caroline Gordon, Katherine Anne Porter, Allen Tate, Tennessee Williams, and Robert Penn Warren, among others. ... Southern literature (sometimes called the literature of the American South) is defined as American literature about the Southern United States or by writers from this region. ... Lost Laysen is a novella written by Margaret Mitchell in 1916, although it was not published until 1996. ... Scarlett is a novel written in 1991 by Alexandra Ripley as a sequel to Margaret Mitchells Gone with the Wind. ...

References

  1. ^ See linked terms for more explanation and source references.
  2. ^ a b c O. Levitski and O. Dumer, "Bestsellers: Color Symbolism and Mythology in Margaret Mitchell’s Novel Gone with the Wind" (of "Bonnie Blue"), Americana: The Institute for the Study of American Popular Culture, Sept. 2006, webpage: APC-Mitchell.
  3. ^ a b c "SparkNotes: Gone with the Wind: Themes, Motifs & Symbols" (book notes), Spark Notes, 2006, webpage: SparkN-GWTW.
  4. ^ RPO - Ernest Dowson : Non Sum Qualis Eram Bonae sub Regno Cynarae
  5. ^ a b Rich, Motoko (16 May 2007). Rhett, Scarlett and Friends Prepare for Yet Another Encore. New York Times. Retrieved on 2007-11-07.
  6. ^ Arehart-Treichel, J: "Novel That Brought Fame, Riches Had a Surprising Birth", Psychiatric News, 40(4):20
  7. ^ Gone With The Wind - Finding the Real Margaret Mitchell
  8. ^ "Newsmakers: Frankly, My Dear, Historian is on Pins and Needles," Los Angeles Times, April 4, 1989, p. 2-A
  9. ^ See link The Real Rhett Butler Revealed.
  10. ^ Oggi (Italian weekly magazine), 5 dicembre 1994, pp. 38-40
  11. ^ "The Rhett Butler Connection," Treasure Diver, Volume 1, Number One, pp. 35-40
  12. ^ "Rhett Butler," La Stampa, Turin, Italy, 18/4/1989, p.5
  13. ^ Amazon Press book review "A superb unveiling of the real Rhett & his hidden treasures", March 8, 1997
  14. ^ Jonathan D. Austin. "Pat Conroy: 'I was raised by Scarlett O'Hara'", CNN, February 4, 2000. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... La Stampa is one of the best-known and most widely sold Italian daily newspapers, published in Turin and distributed in Italy and in other nations in Europe. ...

Bibliography

  • O. Levitski and O. Dumer, "Bestsellers: Color Symbolism and Mythology in Margaret Mitchell’s Novel Gone with the Wind" (literary analysis), Americana: The Institute for the Study of American Popular Culture, Sept. 2006, webpage:APC-Mitchell.
  • Treasures of the Confederate Coast: the "real Rhett Butler" & Other Revelations by Dr. E. Lee Spence, (Narwhal Press, Charleston/Miami, ©1995)[ISBN 1886391017] [ISBN 1886391009], OCLC: 32431590

Although internationally known as a pioneer in underwater archaeology and an expert on shipwrecks and sunken treasure, Dr. Spence is also a published author of non-fiction, reference books; a magazine editor (Diving World, Atlantic Coastal Diver, Treasure, Treasure Diver, and Treasure Quest), and publisher of both books and magazines...

Scholarship

  • Matthews, James W. “The Civil War of 1936: Gone with the Wind and Absalom, Absalom!Georgia Review 21 (Winter 1967): 462-69.
  • May, Robert E. “Gone with the Wind as Southern History: A Reappraisal.” Southern Quarterly 17.1 (Fall 1978): 51-64.
  • Ryan, Tim A. Calls and Responses: The American Novel of Slavery since Gone with the Wind. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 2008.

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Awards
Preceded by
Honey in the Horn
by Harold L. Davis
Pulitzer Prize for the Novel
1937
Succeeded by
The Late George Apley
by John Phillips Marquand
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Honey in the Horn is a 1935 novel by Harold L. Davis. ... Harold Lenoir Davis (October 18, 1894 – October 31, 1960), also known as H. L. Davis, was an American novelist and poet. ... No prize was awarded in 1917. ... See also: 1936 in literature, other events of 1937, 1938 in literature, list of years in literature. ... The Late George Apley is a 1937 novel by John Phillips Marquand. ... John Phillips Marquand (November 10, 1893 - July 16, 1960) was an American novelist. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gone with the Wind - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1482 words)
Gone with the Wind, an American novel by Margaret Mitchell, was published in 1936 and won the Pulitzer Prize in 1937.
gone with the wind." The title phrase also appears in the novel: When Scarlett escapes Atlanta's bombing by the forces of the North, she flees back to her family's plantation, Tara.
Gone with the Wind in Photographs A history and background of the film and the photography, along with numerous film stills and actors' portraits from the movie.
Encyclopedia4U - Gone With the Wind - Encyclopedia Article (546 words)
Gone with the Wind is a novel by Margaret Mitchell.
This is apparent from the book's opening pages in which a description of the way in which Scarlett's beaux, the Tarleton twins, have been expelled from university and accompanied home, out of a sense of honour, by their elder brothers presents a metaphor of the South's interpretation of the issue of statehood for Kansas.
The copyright holders attempted to suppress publication of a book, The Wind Done Gone, which told the story from the point of view of the slaves, but the federal appeals court turned them down in 2001.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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