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Encyclopedia > Golestan Province
Gonbad-e Qabus, built in 1007, is a reminder of the blossoming of art and architecture in medieval Persia.
Gonbad-e Qabus, built in 1007, is a reminder of the blossoming of art and architecture in medieval Persia.

Golestan (Persian: گلستان) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the north-east of the country, south of the Caspian Sea. Its capital is Gorgan (Jorjan in Arabic). Gonbad e Qabus, built in the early years of the 11th century, Iran. ... Gonbad e Qabus, built in the early years of the 11th century, Iran. ... The tower as it stands today. ... Events Aethelred buys two years of peace with the Danes for 36,000 pounds of silver. ... province of Iran File links The following pages link to this file: Golestan Categories: GFDL images ... Persian (فارسی = Fârsi . ... Iran consists of 30 provinces: Provinces are governed from a local center, mostly the largest local city. ... Caspian Sea viewed from orbit The Caspian Sea is a landlocked endorheic sea between Asia and Europe (European Russia). ... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Gorgan Gorgan (گرگان); Hyrcania ; Hyrcana (Old Persian Varkâna, land of wolves; modern Persian Gorgan, formerly called Astrabad or Asterabad): part of the ancient Persian empire, on the southern shores of the Caspian Sea (present day Golestan, Mazandaran, Gilan and parts of...


It was split off from the province of Mazandaran in 1997. Present day Gorgan was called Esteraba or Astarabad until 1937. Mazandaran (مازندران in Persian) is a province in northern Iran, bordering the Caspian Sea in the north. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


It has a populatin of 1.7 million (2005) and an area of 20,380 km2. The major townships of the province are: Bandar Turkaman, Bandar Gaz, Ali Abad, Kord Kooy, Gorgan, Gonbad Kavoos, and Minoo Dasht. Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Gorgan Gorgan (گرگان); Hyrcania ; Hyrcana (Old Persian Varkâna, land of wolves; modern Persian Gorgan, formerly called Astrabad or Asterabad): part of the ancient Persian empire, on the southern shores of the Caspian Sea (present day Golestan, Mazandaran, Gilan and parts of...

Contents


Climate and geography

Golestan enjoys mild weather and a temprate climate most of the year. Geographically, it is divided into two sections, the plains and the mountains of the Alborz range. In the eastern Alborz section, the direction of mountains faces northeast and gradually decreases in height. The highest point of the province is Shavar, at 3,945m. in elevation. Alborz Mountains underneath clouds seen from Tehran Alborz (in Persian البرز), also written as Alburz or Elburz, is a mountain range in northern Iran, stretching from the borders of Armenia in the north-west to the southern end of the Caspian Sea, where also Tehran and Irans highest peak, Damavand...


History

Human settlements in this area date back to 1000BCE. Evidence of the ancient city of Jorjan can still be seen near the current city of Gorgan. This was an important city of Persia, located on the Silk Road. The Silk Road (Traditional Chinese: 絲綢之路; Simplified Chinese: 丝绸之路; pinyin: sī chóu zhī lù, Persian راه ابریشم Râh-e Abrisham, Turkish: İpekyolu, Kyrgyz: Jibek Jolu,) was an interconnected series of routes through Southern Asia traversed by caravan and ocean vessel, and connecting Changan (todays Xian), China, with Antioch, Asia...


The Turkaman minority reside in the north of the province, particularly in the cities of Gonbad and Bandar Turkaman. Other minority communities such as Baluch, Turks, Afghans, and Armenians also reside in this area, and have preserved their traditions and rituals.


Culture

The Buwayhid and Ziyarid dynasties of Persia where from this region. They were known for the revival of pre-Islamic Persian culture. For example, Buwayhid leaders entitled themselves as Shâhanshâh (شاهنشاه), literally king of kings, a term used by Sassanid rulers. The Buwayhids were a Shiite Muslim tribal confederation from the southern shore of the Caspian Sea. ... Tomb of Ghaboos ebne Voshmgir, built in 1007AD, rises 160 ft from its base. ...


The world's tallest brick tower stands in this province. It is the famous Gonbad-e Qabus, built by a famous Amir of this region. The tower as it stands today. ...


Colleges and universities

Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources was founded in 1957 and was the first specialized agricultural university of Iran. ... Islamic Azad University of Gorgan is a member of Azad universities of Iran, it is situated in the city of Gorgan in the lush and pleasant touristic province of Golestan. ...

External links

  • The Provincial Cultural Heritage Organization


Provinces of Iran Flag of Iran
Ardabil | Bushehr | Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari | East Azarbaijan | Isfahan | Fars | Guilan | Golestan | Hamadan | Hormozgan | Ilam | Kerman | Kermanshah | Khuzestan | Kohkiluyeh and Buyer Ahmad | Kurdistan | Lorestan | Markazi | Mazandaran | North Khorasan | Qazvin | Qom | Razavi Khorasan | Semnan | Sistan and Baluchistan | South Khorasan | Tehran | West Azarbaijan | Yazd | Zanjan

 
 

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