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Encyclopedia > Golden lion tamarin
Golden Lion Tamarin[1]

Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Cebidae
Genus: Leontopithecus
Species: L. rosalia
Binomial name
Leontopithecus rosalia
(Linnaeus, 1766)

The Golden Lion Tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia) also known as Golden Marmoset, is a small New World monkey of the family Cebidae. Native to the Atlantic coastal forests of Brazil, the Golden Lion Tamarin is an endangered species and among the rarest animals in the world, with an estimated wild population of 1,000 individuals and a captive population of approximately 500. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... Image File history File links Status_iucn3. ... The Siberian Tiger is a subspecies of tiger that are critically endangered. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the presence of sweat glands, including those that produce milk, and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex... Families 15, See classification A primate is any member of the biological order Primates, the group that contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. ... Genera Callithrix Leontopithecus Saguinus Callimico Cebus Saimiri The Cebidae form one of the four families of New World monkeys now recognised. ... Species Leontopithecus rosalia Leontopithecus chrysomelas Leontopithecus chrysopygus Leontopithecus caissara The four species of lion tamarins make up the genus Leontopithecus. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 13, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Families Cebidae Aotidae Pitheciidae Atelidae The New World monkeys are the four families of primates that are found in Central and South America: the Cebidae, Aotidae, Pitheciidae and Atelidae. ... Genera Callithrix Leontopithecus Saguinus Callimico Cebus Saimiri The Cebidae form one of the four families of New World monkeys now recognised. ... The Atlantic moist forests, also known as the Atlantic coastal forests, are tropical moist evergreen forests, part of the Atlantic Forests complex of eastern Brazil. ... The Siberian Tiger is a subspecies of tiger that are critically endangered. ... Rare species is an organism which is very uncommon or scarce. ...

Contents

Description

As its name would suggest, this lion tamarin is a reddish orange to golden brown in colour. Its hair is longer and darker around the face, forming a mane on top of the head and on the cheeks and throat. Its limbs are slender yet capable with sharp claws, befitting its strictly arboreal life. Although quite long, its tail is not prehensile. The tail and forepaws of this monkey may have a black coloration. Its body may be up to 335 millimetres (13.2 in) long and its tail up to 400 millimetres (16 in). The male reaches a maximum weight of just 700 grams (25 oz) in the wild though higher weights can be found in captivity. The pregnant female may weigh up to 790 grams (28 oz) but a non-gestating female typically weighs closer to 550 grams (19 oz). Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1512x1204, 457 KB) Goldgelbes Löwenäffchen (Leontopithecus rosalia) Source/Quelle: Fotografiert von Marcel Burkhard-->User:Cele4 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Golden Lion Tamarin List... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1512x1204, 457 KB) Goldgelbes Löwenäffchen (Leontopithecus rosalia) Source/Quelle: Fotografiert von Marcel Burkhard-->User:Cele4 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Golden Lion Tamarin List... Type Species Leontopithecus makikina Lesson, 1840 = Simia rosalia Linnaeus, 1766 Species Leontopithecus rosalia Leontopithecus chrysomelas Leontopithecus chrysopygus Leontopithecus caissara The four species of lion tamarins make up the genus Leontopithecus. ... The kinkajou is an arboreal mammal. ... A prehensile tail is the tail of an animal that has adapted to be able to grasp and/or hold objects. ... Approximate worldwide distribution of monkeys. ...


Habitat

Two Golden Lion Tamarins at the National Zoo in Washington D.C.

Most of the wild population is confined to the Po├žo das Antas Biological Reserve, a protected area of swampy forests in the state of Rio de Janeiro. It is an important bastion of the Golden Lion Tamarin, as only 2% of forests in the monkey's original range remains. Furthermore, its existing habitat has been broken up by logging and agriculture; this has led to isolated populations and inbreeding, a combination likely to result in extinction. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 779 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (852 × 656 pixels, file size: 342 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 779 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (852 × 656 pixels, file size: 342 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Logging is the process in which trees are cut down usually as part of a timber harvest which is good for the environment. ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ...


A high canopy with dense tangles of vines is required by the Golden Lion Tamarin; other than providing a home, the labyrinthine forest affords some degree of protection from its many predators. Its main predators are raptors, large cats and snakes. The canopy also provides an important source of food; the omnivorous lion tamarins rely on rainwater and insects concentrated in the reservoirs of bromeliads and other small animals inhabiting the bark of trees. Fruit is also eaten. many people think that they live in the rainforest but they don't. Orders Accipitriformes     Cathartidae     Pandionidae     Accipitridae     Sagittariidae Falconiformes     Falconidae A bird of prey or raptor is a bird that hunts its food, especially one that preys on mammals or other birds. ... “Feline” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Snake (disambiguation). ... Pigs are omnivores. ... Orders Subclass Apterygota Archaeognatha (bristletails) Thysanura (silverfish) Subclass Pterygota Infraclass Paleoptera (Probably paraphyletic) Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Superorder Exopterygota Grylloblattodea (ice-crawlers) Mantophasmatodea (gladiators) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Embioptera (webspinners) Zoraptera (angel insects) Dermaptera (earwigs) Orthoptera (grasshoppers, etc) Phasmatodea (stick insects) Blattodea (cockroaches) Isoptera (termites) Mantodea (mantids) Psocoptera... Genera See text Bromeliads include epiphytes, such as Spanish moss, and ground plants, such as the Pineapple. ...


by roydon misseldine


Behaviour and reproduction

The Golden Lion Tamarin is diurnal and primarily arboreal, forming small groups of up to fourteen individuals, led by a breeding pair; occasionally two unrelated males may be involved, but only one typically mates with the lead female. The group patrols a consistent territory of around 400,000 square metres (100 acres); fighting between groups is avoided by scent marking and "ritual encounters". By night, the tamarins sleep in abandoned nesting holes in trees, or in large bromeliads. A diurnal animal (dÄ«-Å­rnÉ™l) is an animal that is active during the daytime and sleeps during the night. ... Genera See text Bromeliads include epiphytes, such as Spanish moss, and ground plants, such as the Pineapple. ...


The group is cooperative in the rearing of young; however, only the dominant female usually breeds. The males are responsible for the bulk of rearing duties, with the mother nursing and providing transportation for the infant during its first week of life. Resources are shared among the group, as are predator surveillance duties. The young are well cared for until adolescence. Unlike other primates, both males and females leave the group; their rate of survival is low, as less than one quarter successfully integrate into a new group or establish themselves in an unoccupied territory.

Showing the long tail

Fully mature at 2-3 years, the Golden Lion Tamarin is able to breed at 18 months of age. The breeding season is from September to March. Gestation lasts for 126-130 days, usually ending in twin births; there may be up to two litters annually. The young tamarins are weaned after just 90 days; less than half of infants survive their first year of life. If they do, a lifespan of 8-15 years can be expected. One captive tamarin has been reported to be 28 years old. Download high resolution version (500x868, 90 KB)Golden Lion Tamarin monkey at Paignton Zoo, Devon, England. ... Download high resolution version (500x868, 90 KB)Golden Lion Tamarin monkey at Paignton Zoo, Devon, England. ... Gestation is the carrying of an embryo or fetus inside a female viviparous animal. ...


In an attempt to curb the Golden Lion Tamarin's precipitous decline, several conservation programmes have been undertaken. The intent is to strengthen the wild population and maintain a secure captive population in zoos worldwide. The survival rate of re-introduced animals has been encouraging, but destruction of unprotected habitat continues. Giraffes in Sydneys Taronga Zoo A zoological garden, zoological park, or zoo is a facility in which animals are confined within enclosures and displayed to the public, and in which they may also be bred. ...


References

  1. ^ Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). in Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds): Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edition, Johns Hopkins University Press, 133. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  2. ^ Rylands, A.B., Bampi, M.I., Chiarello, A.G., da Fonseca, G.A.B., Mendes, S.L. & Marcelino, M. (2003). Leontopithecus rosalia. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 04 May 2006.

Dr Colin Groves is a Professor of Biological Anthropology at the Australian National University in Canberra, Australia. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species and can be found here. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ...

External links

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Golden Lion Tamarin
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Animal Info - Golden Lion Tamarin (1751 words)
Golden lion tamarins are omnivorous, feeding on fruits, gum, nectar, insects, and small vertebrates.
The golden lion tamarin is diurnal and predominantly arboreal.
Golden lion tamarins are cooperative breeders: all adult members of a group help to carry and feed the offspring of the group, with the adult male commonly doing the largest share.
Primate Factsheets: Golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia) (2284 words)
Golden lion tamarin males and females are similarly sized with the average height of 261 mm (10.3 in) and average weight around 620 g (1.37 lb).
Golden lion tamarins sleep as a group in hollow tree cavities or in dense vines and epiphytes.
Primate Factsheets: Golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia) Taxonomy, Morphology, and Ecology.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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