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Encyclopedia > Golden Horseshoe
The skyline of Niagara Falls, Ontario side

The Golden Horseshoe is a densely populated and industrialized region or urban agglomeration centred around the west end of Lake Ontario in Southern Ontario, Canada. Most of it is also part of the Windsor-Quebec City corridor. With a population of 8.1 million people, it makes up over a quarter (25.6%) of the population of Canada and contains approximately 75% of Ontario's population,[1] making it one of the largest population concentrations in North America. Although it is a geographically named sub-region of Southern Ontario, Greater Golden Horseshoe is more frequently used today to describe the metropolitan regions that stretch across the area in totality. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 574 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 574 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - Representatives 5 MPs and 5 MPPs Area [2]  - City 1,138. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2333x1898, 900 KB) Summary Taken by Daniel Mayer in late February 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2333x1898, 900 KB) Summary Taken by Daniel Mayer in late February 2006. ... In the study of human settlements, an agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs or adjacent satellite towns. ... Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Southern Ontario is the portion of the Canadian province of Ontario which lies south of the French River and Algonquin Park. ... The 1,150-kilometre Quebec City-Windsor Corridor is the most densely-populated and heavily-industrialised region of Canada. ...


The built-up region extends from Niagara Falls at the eastern end of the Niagara Peninsula, wraps around Lake Ontario west to Hamilton, anchored by Toronto on the northwest shore of Lake Ontario, continuing to the east of Oshawa and spreading inland in all directions away from the Lake Ontario shoreline, west to the Kitchener-Waterloo area and north to Barrie. The whole region's area is about 33,500 km². Skyline of Niagara Falls, Canada, as seen from the Embassy Suites hotel. ... Map of Southern Ontario showing Niagara Peninsula in red The Niagara Peninsula is the portion of Ontario, Canada lying on the south shore of Lake Ontario. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - Representatives 5 MPs and 5 MPPs Area [2]  - City 1,138. ... Oshawa (estimated 2004 population 150 000; metropolitan population 296 298) is a city on Lake Ontario located approximately 60 km east of downtown Toronto in Ontario, Canada. ... Kitchener-Waterloo (K-W) is an unofficial but ubiquitous name for the area in Ontario, Canada consisting of the twin cities of Kitchener and Waterloo, approximately 100 kilometres west of Toronto. ... Motto: The People are the City, Barrie Means Business (advertising campaign) Location of Barrie, Ontario Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario Established (town) 1837 Established (city) 1853 Government  - Mayor Dave Aspden  - Council Barrie City Council  - MPP Joe Tascona (PCO)  - MP Patrick Brown (CPC) Elevation 76 m (249. ...


The phrase, "Golden Horseshoe," was first used by Westinghouse President, Herbert H. Rogge, in a speech to the Hamilton Chamber of Commerce, on January 12, 1954. “Hamilton in 50 years will be the forward cleat in a 'golden horseshoe' of industrial development from Oshawa to the Niagara River...150 miles long and 50 miles wide...It will run from Niagara Falls on the south to about Oshawa on the north and take in numerous cities and towns already there, including Hamilton and Toronto."[2] The Westinghouse Electric Corporation was an organization founded by George Westinghouse in 1886 as Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company. ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Definition

Golden Horseshoe was used as a geographical distinction since the 1950s, but it was only on July 13, 2004 that a report from the provincial Ministry of Public Infrastructure Renewal entitled Places to Grow coined the term Greater Golden Horseshoe, extending the boundaries west to Waterloo Region, north to Barrie, and northeast to Peterborough.[3] A subsequent edition released February 16, 2005, broadened the term further, adding Brant, Haldimand and Northumberland Counties. Statistics Canada defined the region first in its 2001 census as the Extended Golden Horseshoe, combining many CMAs. The Greater Golden Horseshoe is officially designated in Ontario Regulation 416/05[4] under the Places to Grow Act. July 13 is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Regional Municipality of Waterloo (or Waterloo Region or Region of Waterloo) is located in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Motto: The People are the City, Barrie Means Business (advertising campaign) Location of Barrie, Ontario Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario Established (town) 1837 Established (city) 1853 Government  - Mayor Dave Aspden  - Council Barrie City Council  - MPP Joe Tascona (PCO)  - MP Patrick Brown (CPC) Elevation 76 m (249. ... Nickname: Motto: Dat natura, elaborant artes (Nature Provides, Industry Develops) Map of Ontario with Peterborough indicated with a red dot Coordinates: Country Canada  Province Ontario  County Peterborough County Established 1819 - Scotts Plains Incorporated as town 1850 - Peterborough Incorporated as city July 1, 1905 Government  - Mayor Paul Ayotte  - MP Dean... February 16 is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Brant County is a historic county in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Haldimand is a single-tier municipality (but called a county) on the Niagara Peninsula in southern Ontario, on Lake Erie, and on the Grand River. ... Northumberland County is situated on the north shore of Lake Ontario, in east-central Ontario, Canada. ... Statistics Canada is the Canadian federal government bureau commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... A census metropolitan area, or CMA is a Canadian census subdivision comprising a large urban area (known as the urban core) and adjacent areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban core. ...


Demographics

The population of the Greater Golden Horseshoe is 8.1 million residents as of the 2006 census.[1]


The region is projected to grow to over 11.5 million people by the 2030s [1]. The definition of the Golden Horseshoe as an agglomerated urban area, that is combining Census Metropolitan Areas is similar to how population counts are tabulated for Combined Statistical Area which are used in the United States to combine more than one metropolitan areas into a larger defined urbanized area. These metropolitan areas are intrinsically linked through inter-dependence of services, trade, close proximity and other factors , in this context they can also be viewed as a single Region. A census metropolitan area, or CMA is a Canadian census subdivision comprising a large urban area (known as the urban core) and adjacent areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban core. ... The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines micropolitan and metropolitan statistical areas. ... Look up Region in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Economy

The economy of this region is booming. Toronto's stock exchange is the second largest on the continent by market capitalization (after New York), and sixth largest in the world [2]. Recently, five major office-dominated skyscrapers have been planned in its financial district (to go along with hundreds of condominiums), including the Trump International Hotel and Tower, which is scheduled to begin construction in the summer of 2007. Toronto is one of the richest cities on earth. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1506x2024, 359 KB) Location: Nathan Phillips Square, Toronto, Canada. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1506x2024, 359 KB) Location: Nathan Phillips Square, Toronto, Canada. ... Toronto City Hall The upper left hand corner of this picture is where Toronto City Hall would be built. ... Nathan Phillips Square, 2005 Nathan Phillips Square is a city square that forms the front (south) entrance to Toronto City Hall or New City Hall at Queen Street West and Bay Street (its address is 100 Queen West). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Future site of Trump International Hotel & Tower, Toronto Trump International Hotel & Tower, Toronto is a planned mixed-use highrise building being built by and named for famed real estate developer Donald Trump in Toronto, Ontario. ...


Niagara Falls has one of the world's largest per-capita tourist economies, benefiting from millions of tourists coming to see its majestic waterfalls and shop in its numerous stores. The wine making and fruit growing industries of the Niagara Peninsula produce award-winning wines which are beginning to attract attention around the world, in particular the ice wine for which the region is known. Map of Southern Ontario showing Niagara Peninsula in red The Niagara Peninsula is the portion of Ontario, Canada lying on the south shore of Lake Ontario. ... Grapes for ice wine, still frozen on the vine. ...


Cities such as Hamilton, Oshawa, Oakville, Whitby and Kitchener all benefit from having major large-scale industrial production facilities, Hamilton being steel-dominated and Oshawa being much more car-oriented. Other significant auto-production facilities also exist in St. Catharines, Cambridge and Alliston. Hamilton and Toronto also have two of the largest seaports in Lake Ontario. The Welland Canal system handles tanker ship and recreational traffic through the Great Lakes. Large rail and truck distribution facilities are located in Toronto, Vaughan and Brampton. Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... A ship transits the Welland Canal, with the Homer Lift Bridge and Garden City Skyway in background. ...


Lester B. Pearson International Airport, located in Mississauga is the busiest Canadian Airport handling approximately 30 million passengers a year. Other regional airports of signifinance include John C. Munro International Airport south of Hamilton which is a major regional freight and courier location; Buttonville Airport and Toronto Island Airport in the Greater Toronto Area both mostly serve regional business travellers and Region of Waterloo International Airport serving the Region of Waterloo Area. On the US side, Buffalo-Niagara International Airport is second largest in passenger volume in the region to Pearson Airport and is frequently used by Canadian passengers flying to US destinations. Toronto Pearson International Airport, located in Mississauga, Ontario, immediately west of Toronto, is Canadas busiest and largest airport. ... John C. Munro International Airport or Hamilton International Airport (ICAO identifier CYHM) is a Canadian international airport located 11 km southwest of the city of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. ... Buttonville Municipal Airport (CYKZ/YKZ) is a medium-sized private airport immediately northwest of Markham, Ontario, Canada, near Toronto. ... Toronto City Centre Airport as seen from CN Tower The Toronto City Centre Airport in Toronto, Ontario is a regional airport located on the northwestern portion of Centre Island, one of the Toronto Islands. ... Region of Waterloo International Airport or Kitchener/Waterloo Regional Airport (IATA: YKF, ICAO: CYKF), is situated in Waterloo Region, near Breslau, Ontario, Canada. ... FAA diagram of Buffalo Niagara International Airport (BUF) Buffalo Niagara International Airport (IATA: BUF, ICAO: KBUF) is an airport located in the town of Cheektowaga in Erie County, New York. ...


Name

The census divisions that constitute the original Golden Horseshoe appear in red on the map. The divisions in green are more recently considered part of the "Greater" Golden Horseshoe.

The "horseshoe" part of the region's name is derived from the characteristic horseshoe shape of the west end of Lake Ontario with Burlington roughly positioned in the centre. The "golden" part is historically attributed to the region's wealth and prosperity, according to the Canadian Oxford Dictionary. (An alternative explanation often quoted attributes it to its bright, or "golden", appearance from space, as a result of a continuous urban stretch of nighttime lights; however, the name predates satellite imagery.) Map of Ontario counties, colored to indicate Golden Horseshoe area (red) and Greater Golden Horseshoe area (green). ... Map of Ontario counties, colored to indicate Golden Horseshoe area (red) and Greater Golden Horseshoe area (green). ... The census geographic units of Canada are the country subdivisions defined and used by Canadas federal government statistics bureau Statistics Canada[1] to conduct the countrys five-yearly census. ... Modern horseshoes are most commonly made of iron and nailed onto the hoof. ... Motto: Stand By Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Region Halton Regional Municipality Established 1874 Government  - Mayor Cam Jackson  - Governing Body Burlington City Council  - MPs Mike Wallace (CPC), Garth Turner (Liberal)  - MPPs Joyce Savoline (PC), Ted Chudleigh (PC) Area  - City 187 km²  (72 sq mi) Population (2006)  - City 164,415 (Ranked... The Canadian Oxford Dictionary, published by the Oxford University Press Canada, was first released in 1998 and quickly became the standard dictionary reference for Canadian English. ... Layers of Atmosphere - not to scale (NOAA)[1] Outer space, sometimes simply called space, refers to the relatively empty regions of the universe outside the atmospheres of celestial bodies. ... NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Image Satellite imagery consists of photographs of Earth or other planets made from artificial satellites. ...


Attractions

Being a major world city, Toronto is known world-wide for its performing arts (theatre, opera, etc). However, it also has a large night-scene. It has one of the largest downtowns on the continent, and an Uptown and a Midtown. It is an extremely pedestrian friendly, green and safe city. CN Tower Prominent Toronto shopping centre; The Eaton Centre Toronto, Canadas most famous landmark is the CN Tower, a 553 metres (1,815 ft) tall steel and concrete transmission tower and observation deck, the tallest free-standing land structure in the world. ... London New York City Paris Tokyo A global city (also known as a world city or world-class city) is a city with a somewhat subjective set of traits, some of which are listed below. ... Downtown Toronto is the heart of the City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Yonge and Eglinton, August 2005 Midtown Toronto is roughly defined as the area between Bloor, south of which is Downtown Toronto, and south of Lawrence ave. ...


Toronto is also home to many world-class shopping districts, such as Yonge-Bloor and The Beaches. These and many others are home to major, big-name retailers. The city also is home to several large, upscale malls such as Yorkdale, The Eaton Centre and Sherway Gardens. Bloor Street Bloor Street Yorkville is an affluent neighbourhood of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Yorkdale Shopping Centre is an upscale shopping mall located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, in the former City of North York, and in the community of Downsview. ... Torontos Eaton Centre is one of many first class shopping centres in the city. ... This is my subpage to help people get nice signatures. ...


Large cultural annual festivals include Oktoberfest (Kitchener) and Caribana (Toronto). The Niagara Region has become one of the major wine-production areas in Canada. The Golden Horseshoe contains many small towns with tourist-jammed, historic main streets -Niagara-on-the-Lake the most well known among them. Niagara Falls, Ontario is one of the world's largest waterfalls, and attracts millions to Clifton Hill, a neighborhood featuring hundreds of souvenir stores, restaurants and skyline-changing hotels. Niagara-on-the-Lake in the Niagara Region Niagara-on-the-Lake Niagara-on-the-Lake (2001 population 13,839) is a town where the Niagara River meets Lake Ontario in the Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada. ... Clifton Hill is the major tourist attraction in Niagara Falls, Ontario. ...


The Niagara Escarpment, a world biosphere as designated by the United Nations runs north and then east through the region cutting the Niagara Gorge at Niagara Falls, the well-known Bruce Trail runs along the escarpment through mostly protected woodlands. Similar protection of some wooded areas exists on the Oak Ridges Moraine running west-east in the north end of the Greater Toronto Area, although development pressures continue to threathen habitat. Rattlesnake Point near Milton, Ontario. ... The Bruce Trail is a hiking (and multi-use) trail in southern and central Ontario, Canada. ... The Oak Ridges Moraine is an ecologically sensitive geological landform in south central Ontario, Canada. ...


Hamilton has the historical reputation of being a blue-collar city; however, waterfront redevelopments and large-scale gentrification have been rapidly changing the perception of the city, although it retains a large industrial base.


Education

The University of Toronto is one of the world's top 25 universities
McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario is known for its strong health and engineering programs, and promotes itself as the "most innovative" university in Canada.[5]

This region is home to several universities, including Brock University, McMaster University, the University of Toronto, University of Guelph, University of Waterloo, Wilfrid Laurier University, York University, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, and Ryerson University.The University of Toronto has three campuses; One in Downtown Toronto, one in Scarborough, and one in Mississauga. Numerous other universities and colleges can be found in the region. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1632x1224, 808 KB) Other versions Originally from en. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1632x1224, 808 KB) Other versions Originally from en. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 466 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 466 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... Brock University is a modern comprehensive university located in St. ... McMaster University is a medium-sized research-intensive university located in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, with an enrollment of 18,238 full-time and 3,836 part-time students (as of 2006). ... The University of Toronto (U of T) is a coeducational public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... It has been suggested that Ontario Veterinary College be merged into this article or section. ... The University of Waterloo (also referred to as UW, UWaterloo, or Waterloo) is a medium-sized research-intensive public university in the city of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. ... Wilfrid Laurier University (WLU) is a public university located in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. ... York University (French: Université York), located in Toronto, Ontario, is Canadas third-largest university and has produced several of the countrys top leaders in the fields of law, politics, business, space sciences, and fine arts. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ryerson University is a public university located in downtown Toronto, Canada. ...


There is also a strong integration between the universities and hospitals in the area, particularly in Toronto and Hamilton, which have an extensive medical research core.


Census Metropolitan Areas

CMAs in the Greater Golden Horseshoe with over 100,000 in population are:[6]

  1. Toronto CMA 5,113,149
  2. Hamilton CMA 692,911
  3. Kitchener-Waterloo CMA 451,235
  4. St. Catharines-Niagara CMA 390,317
  5. Oshawa CMA 330,594
  6. Barrie CMA 177,061
  7. Guelph CMA 127,009
  8. Brantford CMA 124,607
  9. Peterborough CMA 116,570

Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - Representatives 5 MPs and 5 MPPs Area [2]  - City 1,138. ... Map of Ontario with Waterloo Regional Municipality in red The Regional Municipality of Waterloo (or Waterloo Region or Region of Waterloo) is located in Western Ontario. ... Niagara Regional Municipality (2001 population 410,574), also known as Niagara Region, Regional Niagara, or the Regional Municipality of Niagara, is an area covering 12 municipalities, including th cities of Niagara Falls, Port Colborne, St. ... Durham Regional Municipality, also called Durham Region (2003 population 525,000), is a regional political area located east of Toronto, Ontario. ... Motto: The People are the City, Barrie Means Business (advertising campaign) Location of Barrie, Ontario Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario Established (town) 1837 Established (city) 1853 Government  - Mayor Dave Aspden  - Council Barrie City Council  - MPP Joe Tascona (PCO)  - MP Patrick Brown (CPC) Elevation 76 m (249. ... Nickname: Motto: Faith, Fidelity and Progress Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario County Wellington County City Wards There are 6 Wards Founded April 23, 1827 Incorporated April 23, 1879 Government  - Mayor Karen Farbridge (elected November 2006)  - Governing Body Guelph City Council  - MPs Brenda Chamberlain (LPC)  - MPPs Liz Sandals (OLP) Area  - City... Nickname: Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario Established May 31, 1877 Government  - City Mayor Mike Hancock  - Governing Body Brantford City Council  - MP Lloyd St. ... Nickname: Motto: Dat natura, elaborant artes (Nature Provides, Industry Develops) Map of Ontario with Peterborough indicated with a red dot Coordinates: Country Canada  Province Ontario  County Peterborough County Established 1819 - Scotts Plains Incorporated as town 1850 - Peterborough Incorporated as city July 1, 1905 Government  - Mayor Paul Ayotte  - MP Dean...

Urban areas in the Golden Horseshoe

The map shows the area the Golden Horseshoe covers. ...

Telephone Area Codes

  1. 416 - City of Toronto
  2. 647 - overlay code for Toronto City
  3. 905 - York, Peel, Durham, Hamilton, Niagara
  4. 289 - overlay code for York, Peel, Durham, Hamilton and Niagara
  5. 519 - Waterloo, Wellington, Dufferin, Brant and Haldimand-Norfolk
  6. 226 - overlay for Southwestern Ontario
  7. 705 - Simcoe, Kawarthas and Peterborough
  8. 613 - Northumberland County

Area code 416 is an area code that is surrounded by area code 905 since October of 1993. ... Area code 416 is an area code that is surrounded by area code 905 since October of 1993. ... Cobourg, Ontario Area code 905 (1-905) (with overlay Area code 289) is a telephone dialling area for southcentral Ontario. ... Categories: North American area codes | Stub ... Area code 519 is an area code that covers almost all of southwestern Ontario. ... Area code 519 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Area code 705 (1-705) includes most of Northeastern Ontario and Central Ontario. ... Area code 613 is an area code for Ottawa and surrounding Southeastern Ontario. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Portrait of the Canadian Population in 2006: Subprovincial population dynamics, Greater Golden Horseshoe. Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population (2007-03-13). Retrieved on 2007-03-13.
  2. ^ Fast Facts from Hamilton's Past. Retrieved on 2007-01-08.
  3. ^ Places to Grow. Retrieved on 2006-09-13.
  4. ^ Ontario Statutes and Regulations
  5. ^ McMaster University Website. Retrieved on 2007-06-26.
  6. ^ Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data. Statistics Canada (2007-03-13). Retrieved on 2007-03-13.

  Results from FactBites:
 
West Virginia Golden Horseshoe Award -- About (915 words)
In the first Golden Horseshoe ceremony, held in 1931, 87 students from 46 counties were honored as Knights and Ladies of the Golden Horseshoe.
The Golden Horseshoe became known as a symbol of scholastic achievement to honor students who excel in the study of West Virginia.
The Golden Horseshoe winners have outscored their classmates in school and county wide testing competitions and made top scores on a West Virginia Department of Education test which measures their grasp of West Virginia Studies.
Golden Horseshoe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (729 words)
The Golden Horseshoe is a densely populated and industrialized region at the west end of Lake Ontario in Southern Ontario, Canada.
The "horseshoe" part of the region's name is derived from the characteristic horseshoe shape of the west end of Lake Ontario with Burlington roughly positioned in the centre.
The "golden" part is historically attributed to the region's wealth and prosperity, according to the Canadian Oxford Dictionary.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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