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Encyclopedia > Gold mark
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German 20 Mark banknote from 1914 (www.GermanNotes.com)
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German 20 Mark banknote from 1914 (www.GermanNotes.com)

The gold mark (officially: just mark) was the name used for the coinage of the German Empire from 1873 to 1914. Before unification, the different German states had issued a variety of different currencies, though most were linked to the Vereinsthaler, a silver coin containing 16 2/3 grams of pure silver. Although the mark was based on gold rather than silver, a fixed exchange rate between the Veriensthaler and the mark of 3 mark = 1 Vereinsthaler was used for the conversion. Southern Germany had used the Gulden as the standard unit of account, which was worth 4/7 of a Vereinsthaler and hence, became worth 1.71 marks in the new currency. From January 1, 1876 onwards, the mark became the only legal tender. The name gold mark was created later to distinguish them from the Papiermark which suffered a massive loss of value through inflation following the First World War. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A £20 Ulster Bank banknote. ... Jump to: navigation, search The term German Empire commonly refers to Germany, from its consolidation as a unified nation-state on January 18, 1871, until the abdication of Kaiser (Emperor) Wilhelm II on November 9, 1918. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Vereinsthaler (union thaler) was a standard silver coin used in most German states and the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the years prior to German unification. ... The gram or gramme, symbol g, is a unit of mass, and is defined as one one-thousandth of the SI base unit kilogram (i. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Gulden originated as a gold coin (hence the name) but has been a common name for a silver or base metal coin for some centuries. ... Jump to: navigation, search January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1876 is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... // Name Originates partly from latin meaning martial. ... Legal tender or forced tender is payment that cannot be refused in settlement of a debt by virtue of law. ... Papiermark (German: Paper mark) was the nickname for the banknotes issued during the hyperinflation in Germany in 1922 and mainly 1923. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...


The coins of the gold mark currency had internal value in precious metals, but were not bullion coins. The highest values were pressed in gold; 2790 marks equalled 1 kilogram of pure gold. Jump to: navigation, search A precious metal is a rare metallic chemical element of high, durable economic value. ... A precious metal is a rare metallic element of high, durable economic value. ... The international prototype, made of platinum-iridium, which is kept at the BIPM under conditions specified by the 1st CGPM in 1889. ...

Contents


Coins of the German Empire

Left side of the gold marks (1/2, 1, 5 and 20 mark)
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Left side of the gold marks (1/2, 1, 5 and 20 mark)
Right side of the gold marks (1/2, 1, 5 and 20 mark)
Enlarge
Right side of the gold marks (1/2, 1, 5 and 20 mark)

Wikipedia Goldmark L from de, GNU-FDL Licensed for use in accordance with the GFDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Wikipedia Goldmark L from de, GNU-FDL Licensed for use in accordance with the GFDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... gold mark from de, Licensed for use in accordance with the GFDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... gold mark from de, Licensed for use in accordance with the GFDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Gold coins (900/1000 gold)

  • 20 mark, 7.168 g gold
  • 10 mark, 3.583 g gold
  • 5 mark, 1.791 g gold

Jump to: navigation, search General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ...

Silver coins (900/1000 silver)

Smaller values were pressed in silver, with 1 mark equalling 5g of silver. Jump to: navigation, search General Name, Symbol, Number silver, Ag, 47 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 5, d Appearance lustrous white metal Atomic mass 107. ...

  • 5 mark, 25 g silver
  • 3 mark, 15 g silver, from 1908 onwards
  • 2 mark, 10 g silver
  • 1 mark, 5 g silver
  • 1/2 mark, 2.5 g silver
  • 50 pfennig, 2.5 g silver (= 1/2 mark)
  • 20 pfennig, 1 g silver, only until 1878

The 3 mark coin was introduced as a replacement for the vereinsthaler coins of the previous currency, whose silver content was slightly more than that of the 3 mark coin. The pfennig was a small German coin valued at 1/100 of a Deutsche Mark and other German currencies with the name Mark. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Vereinsthaler (union thaler) was a standard silver coin used in most German states and the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the years prior to German unification. ...


Small coins

Smaller coins were pressed without content of precious metals, using bronze or nickel.

  • 25 pfennig
  • 20 pfennig
  • 10 pfennig
  • 5 pfennig
  • 2 pfennig
  • 1 pfennig

During World War I coins were made from aluminium and steel. Jump to: navigation, search World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machineguns, and poison gas. ...


Design of the coins

Similar with the euro coin, there were lots of different pictures on the coins (2 mark to 20 mark). Every state of the German Empire could make their own picture side. Mostly the picture of the monarch of the state was used, the free towns Bremen, Hamburg and L├╝beck used their city insignia. The other side of the coins showed the reichsadler, i.e. the eagle insignia of the German Empire. Coins up to the 1 mark coin were designed identically in the whole empire. Jump to: navigation, search The euro (€; ISO 4217 code EUR) is the currency of twelve European Union member states: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain, collectively known as the Eurozone. ... Bremen lies in North Germany 50km South of the North Sea. ... Jump to: navigation, search Hamburg is Germanys second largest city (after Berlin) and, with the Hamburg Harbour, its principal port. ... Statistics State: Schleswig-Holstein District: Independent city Area: 214. ...


Bills

In addition to coins, the German Empire currency used paper money (up to 1000 mark), issued by the Reichsbank. Bills could be exchanged into legal tender (i.e. gold coins) for their nominal value. Jump to: navigation, search A 100 Mark banknote issued by the German Reichsbank in 1908 (http://www. ...

Preceded by:
Vereinsthaler
Gulden
German currency
1871-1918
Succeeded by:
Papiermark

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German gold mark - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (525 words)
Although the Mark was based on gold rather than silver, a fixed exchange rate between the Vereinsthaler and the Mark of 3 Mark = 1 Vereinsthaler was used for the conversion.
The Mark was on a gold standard with 2790 Mark equal to 1 kilogram of pure gold.
The 3 Mark coin was introduced as a replacement for the Vereinsthaler coins of the previous currency, whose silver content was slightly more than that of the 3 Mark coin.
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