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Encyclopedia > Goh Chok Tong
Goh Chok Tong
吴作栋
Goh Chok Tong

In office
28 November 1990 – 12 August 2004
Deputy Lee Hsien Loong
Tony Tan Keng Yam (1995 to 2004)
Ong Teng Cheong (1990 to 1993)
Preceded by Lee Kuan Yew
Succeeded by Lee Hsien Loong
Constituency Marine Parade Group Representation Constituency (Marine Parade)

Born May 20, 1941 (1941-05-20) (age 66)
Singapore
Political party People's Action Party
Spouse Tan Choo Leng
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Goh.

Goh Chok Tong (Simplified Chinese: 吴作栋; Traditional Chinese: 吳作棟; Pinyin: Wú Zuòdòng; Hokkien: Gô· Chok-tòng; born May 20, 1941), was the second Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore from November 28, 1990 to August 12, 2004, succeeding Lee Kuan Yew. He served a total of fourteen years. He is currently Senior Minister of Singapore and the chairman of the central bank of Singapore, the Monetary Authority of Singapore. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore is the head of government of the Republic of Singapore (and prior to 9 August 1965, the State of Singapore). ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Li) Lee Hsien Loong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; born February 10, 1952) is the third and current Prime Minister of Singapore. ... Tony Tan Dr Tony Tan Keng Yam (Chinese: 陈庆炎博士, born 7 February 1940, Singapore, Tân Khèng-iām) is one of the two current Deputy Prime Ministers, and the Co-ordinating Minister for Security and Defence of Singapore. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ong Teng Cheong (Chinese: 王鼎昌; Pinyin: Wáng Dǐngchāng) (January 22, 1936 - February 8, 2002) was the first elected President of Republic of Singapore. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Li) Lee Kuan Yew, GCMG, CH (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born September 16, 1923; also spelled Lee Kwan-Yew), was the Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore from 1959 to 1990. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Li) Lee Hsien Loong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; born February 10, 1952) is the third and current Prime Minister of Singapore. ... Marine Parade Group Representation Constituency. ... Marine Parade (Chinese: 马林百列, Mandarin Pronunciation: Malinbailie) is a town and an urban planning area in Singapore directly to the east of the Central Area, Singapores central business district. ... May 20 is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Party logo with a symbol of red lightning that signifies action. ... ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A Chinese surname, family name (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) or clan name (氏; pinyin: shì), is one of the hundreds or thousands of family names that have been historically used by Han Chinese and Sinicized Chinese ethnic groups in mainland China, Taiwan, and among overseas Chinese communities. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Mǐn Nán (Chinese: 閩南語), also spelt as Minnan or Min-nan; native name Bân-lâm-gú; literally means Southern Min or Southern Fujian and refers to the local language/dialect of southern Fujian province, China. ... May 20 is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... The Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore is the head of government of the Republic of Singapore (and prior to 9 August 1965, the State of Singapore). ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Li) Lee Kuan Yew, GCMG, CH (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born September 16, 1923; also spelled Lee Kwan-Yew), was the Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore from 1959 to 1990. ... The political office of Senior Minister in the political system of Singapore is taken by a Prime Minister when he retires from that office, but still has something to offer the government based on his long experience. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... The Monetary Authority of Singapore is Singapores central bank. ...

Contents

Early life

Born into a Hokkien family, Goh studied at Raffles Institution from 1955 to 1960. He is said to have been a very competitive swimmer in his younger days. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


He earned a First Class Honours (Bachelor of Arts) in economics from the National University of Singapore (then known as the University of Singapore), a Master of Arts in Development Economics from Williams College in the United States in 1967. After his study, Goh returned to Singapore to serve in the Administrative Service.[1] A B.A. issused as a certificate Bachelor of Arts (B.A., BA or A.B.), from the Latin Artium Baccalaureus is an undergraduate bachelors degree awarded for either a course or a program in the liberal arts or the sciences, or both. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... University Cultural Centre The National University of Singapore (Abbreviation: NUS; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Abbreviated 国大; Malay: Universiti Nasional Singapura; Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் தேசிய பல்கலைக்கழகம்) is Singapores oldest university. ... A Master of Arts is a postgraduate academic masters degree awarded by universities in North America and the United Kingdom (excluding the ancient universities of Scotland and Oxbridge. ... Williams College is a private liberal arts college located in Williamstown, Massachusetts. ...


Career at Neptune Orient Lines, 1969 to 1977

In 1969, Goh was seconded to the Neptune Orient Lines (NOL) as a Planning and Projects Manager. His career advanced quickly and by 1973, he became the Managing Director and led NOL to achieve impressive financial results during his tenure. [1] Neptune Orient Lines. ...


Early political career

In the 1976 Singapore general election, at the age of thirty-five, Goh was elected as Member of Parliament for Marine Parade constituency, as a People's Action Party (PAP) candidate. He was appointed a Senior Minister of State for Finance. In 1981, he was promoted to be the Minister for Trade and Industry. He later also served in other appointments including Minister for Health and Minister for Defence. [2] This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Party logo with a symbol of red lightning that signifies action. ...


In 1985, Goh became the First Deputy Prime Minister and began to assume the responsibility of the government in a carefully managed leadership transition. According to Lee Kuan Yew, his preferred successor was Tony Tan; however Goh was selected by the second generation of PAP leaders that included Tony Tan, S Dhanabalan, and Ong Teng Cheong, and Lee accepted their decision. [1] Tony Tan Dr Tan Keng Yam Tony (Chinese: 陈庆炎博士, born 7 February 1940, Singapore, Tân Khèng-iām) is the former Deputy Prime Minister and Co-ordinating Minister for Security and Defence of Singapore. ... S Dhanabalan was a very important political leader in Singapore in the 1980s. ... Ong Teng Cheong (Chinese: 王鼎昌; Pinyin: Wáng Dǐngchāng) (January 22, 1936 - February 8, 2002) was the first elected President of Republic of Singapore. ...


Prime Minister, 1990 to 2004

Prime Minister Goh and U.S. President George W. Bush signing the U.S.- Singapore Free Trade Agreement in the White House, May 6, 2003.
Prime Minister Goh and U.S. President George W. Bush signing the U.S.- Singapore Free Trade Agreement in the White House, May 6, 2003.

On 28 November 1990, Goh became the second Prime Minister of Singapore, taking over from Lee Kuan Yew. Lee remained an influential member of his Cabinet, holding the post of Senior Minister. Goh was initially written off by critics as a weak, transitionary figure, and a seat-warmer for Lee Hsien Loong. Nonetheless, in 1992, Lee Kuan Yew handed over to Goh the post of Secretary General of People's Action Party, successfully completing the leadership transition. United States President George W. Bush and Singapore Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong sign a Free Trade Agreement at the White House on May 6, 2003. ... United States President George W. Bush and Singapore Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong sign a Free Trade Agreement at the White House on May 6, 2003. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 2003 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Li) Lee Kuan Yew, GCMG, CH (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born September 16, 1923; also spelled Lee Kwan-Yew), was the Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore from 1959 to 1990. ... The political office of Senior Minister in the political system of Singapore is taken by a Prime Minister when he retires from that office, but still has something to offer the government based on his long experience. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Li) Lee Hsien Loong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; born February 10, 1952) is the third and current Prime Minister of Singapore. ...


As Prime Minister, Goh was seen as having a more open and consultative style of leadership, compared to his predecessor. His administration introduced several major policies and policy institutions, including:

During the period under Goh's administration, Singapore experienced several crises, such as the 1997 Asian financial crisis, threats of terrorism including the 2001 plot to bomb embassies in Singapore by Jemaah Islamiyah, 2001 to 2003 economic recession, and the 2003 SARS outbreak. The Central Provident Fund (CPF) (Chinese: 公积金) is a comprehensive social security savings plan which aims to provide working Singaporeans with a sense of security and confidence in their old age. ... Non-Constituency Members of Parliament (NCMPs) are members of the opposition parties who were appointed as members of the Parliament of Singapore even though they had lost in the parliamentary election. ... The Group Representative Constituency (GRC) system in Singapore is a formal system of social and political committees representing the interests of both the majority and minority social groups within each local island community. ... A Nominated Member of Parliament (NMP) is an unelected MP that does not represent any electoral district in the Parliament of Singapore. ... The Certificate of Entitlement (CoE) is a scheme instituted by the government of Singapore to curb car ownership, and hence, the number of vehicles on the countrys roads. ... Flag of the President of Singapore - banner of arms The President of Singapore is the head of state. ... The Asian financial crisis was a financial crisis that started in July 1997 in Thailand and affected currencies, stock markets, and other asset prices in several Asian countries, many considered East Asian Tigers. ... The Singapore embassies attack plot was a plan by the Al-Qaeda-affiliated Jemaah Islamiyah to bomb the diplomatic missions and attack personnel of the United States, Australia, the United Kingdom, and Israel in Singapore and several other targets in Singapore. ... Jemaah Islamiyah[1] (JI, Arabic phrase meaning Islamic Group or Islamic Community) is a Southeast Asian militant Islamic organization dedicated to the establishment of a Daulah Islamiyah[2] (Islamic State) in Southeast Asia incorporating Indonesia, Malaysia, the southern Philippines, Singapore and Brunei[3]. JI was added to the United Nations... The Economy of Singapore is a highly developed and successful free market economy in which the state plays a major role. ... Severe acute respiratory syndrome or SARS is a respiratory disease in humans which is caused by the SARS coronavirus. ...


As Secretary General, Goh led the PAP to three general elections in 1991, 1997, and 2001, in which the party won 61%, 65% and 75% of the votes respectively. After the general election in 2001, Goh indicated that he would step down as Prime Minister after leading the country out of the recession. [1] Singapore general election, 2001, was held on 3 November 2001. ...


Senior Minister, 2004 to present

On 12 August 2004, Goh stepped down as Prime Minister and serves as Senior Minister in Lee Hsien Loong's Cabinet. On 20 August 2004, Goh assumed the post of Chairman of the Monetary Authority of Singapore. http://www.heritage.org/Research/InternationalOrganizations/wm1177.cfm After a number of threats of Islamist terrorism in Singapore, Goh met local Islamic religious leaders in 2004, and made a visit to Iran, where he met the Iranian president, Mohammad Khatami, and visited local mosques. The Straits Times speculated that this was meant to develop relationships between Singapore and Iran. The political office of Senior Minister in the political system of Singapore is taken by a Prime Minister when he retires from that office, but still has something to offer the government based on his long experience. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Li) Lee Hsien Loong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; born February 10, 1952) is the third and current Prime Minister of Singapore. ... The Monetary Authority of Singapore is Singapores central bank. ... Islamism is a political ideology derived from the conservative religious views of Muslim fundamentalism. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mohammad Khatami (Persian : سید محمد خاتمی Seyyed Moḥammad KhātamÄ«), born on September 29, 1943, in Ardakan city of Yazd province, is an Iranian intellectual, philosopher and political figure. ... A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... The Straits Times is an English-language broadsheet newspaper based in Singapore, currently owned by the Singapore Press Holdings (SPH). ...


Goh subsequently visited other Middle-Eastern countries as Senior Minister, with a view to improving diplomatic relationships and thus gaining wider business opportunities for Singaporean businessmen, especially in the UAE, Qatar, and Kuwait. The political office of Senior Minister in the political system of Singapore is taken by a Prime Minister when he retires from that office, but still has something to offer the government based on his long experience. ... Motto God, Nation, Royal Family Anthem Ishy Bilady Capital (and largest city) Abu Dhabi Official languages Arabic Demonym Emirati Government Federal constitutional monarchy  -  President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahayan  -  Prime Minister Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Establishment December 2, 1971  Area  -  Total 83,600 km² (116th) 32,278 sq mi...


On May 19, 2005, Goh signed a Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement with Israel's Finance Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on his visit to Israel. A previous agreement was signed in 1971. Improvements in the agreement include enhancements to the withholding tax rate on interest income, which was reduced from 15 % to 7 %. This would benefit Singaporean businessmen with investments in Israel and vice versa, by ensuring they are not taxed twice. Goh also discussed for an agreement to recognise each other's certification standards, so as to ease the flow of goods between the two countries.   (Hebrew: בִּנְיָמִין נְתַנְיָהוּ (without niqqud: בנימין נתניהו), Hebrew transliteration written in English: Binyamin Netanyahu, nicknamed Bibi) (born October 21, 1949, Tel Aviv) was the 9th Prime Minister of Israel and is a leading figure in the Likud party. ...


He currently is a patron for the Institute of Policy Studies, a government think tank. The Institute of Policy Studies (abbreviation: IPS; Chinese: 新加坡政策研究院) is a think tank in Singapore. ... This article is about the institution. ...


In the Singapore general election, 2006, Goh was tasked to help the PAP win back the two opposition wards of Hougang and Potong Pasir.[1] However, he was unsuccessful in this task, as Low Thia Kiang and Chiam See Tong retained their respective wards. The 2006 Singapore parliamentary general election was held on May 6, 2006. ... Low Thia Kiang ,49, is the Member of Parliament for Hougang, Singapore since 1991. ... Chiam See Tong Chiam See Tong (Chinese: 詹时中; Pinyin: Zhān Shízhōng; born March 12, 1935) represents the Potong Pasir Single-Member Constituency in the Parliament of Singapore. ...


In 2006, Goh was briefly considered for the job as Secretary General of the United Nations. The job eventually went to Ban Ki Moon [2] [3]. Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United Nations Secretary-General is the head of the Secretariat, one of the principal divisions of the United Nations. ... Ban Ki-moon (b. ...


Family

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Goh Chok Tong

Goh is married to Tan Choo Leng and they have a twin son and daughter. Their son, Goh Jin Hian, is a medical doctor at Mount Elizabeth Hospital while their daughter, Goh Jin Theng, is in London with her English husband, Lee Craven. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... ... Mount Elizabeth Hospital and Medical Centre was started in 1976 and officially opened in 8 December 1979. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


References

  1. ^ a b c d Mauzy, Diane K. and R.S. Milne (2002). Singapore Politics Under the People's Action Party. Routledge ISBN 0-415-24653-9
  2. ^ Goh Chok Tong, Cabinet of Singapore

External links

  • Who will be the next UN Secretary General?
Preceded by
?
Member of Parliament for Marine Parade
1976 – present
Incumbent
Preceded by
?
Senior Minister of State for Finance
1977-1979
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
?
Minister for Trade and Industry
1979-?
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
?
Minister for Health
1981-?
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
?
Minister for Defence
1982-1991
Succeeded by
Yeo Ning Hong
Preceded by
Goh Keng Swee
Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore
1985-1990
Succeeded by
Lee Hsien Loong
Preceded by
Lee Kuan Yew
Prime Minister of Singapore
28 November 1990 - 12 August 2004
Preceded by
Lee Kuan Yew
Secretary General of People's Action Party
1992-2004
Preceded by
Lee Kuan Yew
Senior Minister
2004 – present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Lee Hsien Loong
Chairman of the Monetary Authority of Singapore
2004 – present
Incumbent


Marine Parade (Chinese: 马林百列, Mandarin Pronunciation: Malinbailie) is a town and an urban planning area in Singapore directly to the east of the Central Area, Singapores central business district. ... The Minister for Finance is an appointment in the Cabinet of Singapore. ... The Ministry of Defence (MINDEF) is entrusted with overseeing the defence needs of the Republic of Singapore. ... Goh Keng Swee (Simplified Chinese: 吴庆瑞; Pinyin: Wú Qìngruì; born October 6, 1918 in Malacca) is a former Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore. ... The Prime Minister of Singapore is the head of government of the Republic of Singapore (and prior to 9 August 1965, the State of Singapore). ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Li) Lee Hsien Loong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; born February 10, 1952) is the third and current Prime Minister of Singapore. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Li) Lee Kuan Yew, GCMG, CH (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born September 16, 1923; also spelled Lee Kwan-Yew), was the Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore from 1959 to 1990. ... The Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore is the head of government of the Republic of Singapore (and prior to 9 August 1965, the State of Singapore). ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Li) Lee Kuan Yew, GCMG, CH (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born September 16, 1923; also spelled Lee Kwan-Yew), was the Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore from 1959 to 1990. ... Party logo with a symbol of red lightning that signifies action. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Li) Lee Kuan Yew, GCMG, CH (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born September 16, 1923; also spelled Lee Kwan-Yew), was the Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore from 1959 to 1990. ... The political office of Senior Minister in the political system of Singapore is taken by a Prime Minister when he retires from that office, but still has something to offer the government based on his long experience. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Li) Lee Hsien Loong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; born February 10, 1952) is the third and current Prime Minister of Singapore. ... The Monetary Authority of Singapore is Singapores central bank. ...

Flag of Singapore Prime Ministers of Singapore

Lee Kuan Yew | Goh Chok Tong | Lee Hsien Loong Image File history File links Flag_of_Singapore. ... The Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore is the head of government of the Republic of Singapore (and prior to 9 August 1965, the State of Singapore). ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Li) Lee Kuan Yew, GCMG, CH (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born September 16, 1923; also spelled Lee Kwan-Yew), was the Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore from 1959 to 1990. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Li) Lee Hsien Loong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; born February 10, 1952) is the third and current Prime Minister of Singapore. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Goh Chok Tong - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (560 words)
Goh Chok Tong (Chinese: 吴作栋; (Simp.) /吳作棟; (Trad.) Hanyu Pinyin: Wú Zuòdòng; Minnan Gô· Chok-tòng; born May 20, 1941), was the second Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore from November 28, 1990 to August 12, 2004, succeeding Lee Kuan Yew.
Goh was initially seen as a seat-warmer for Lee Hsien Loong, written off as a weak, transitionary figure, but Goh's capability to turn the tide, regaining seats and pushing up the PAP's vote share in 1997 changed the views of many of his critics.
Goh subsequently visited other Middle-Eastern countries as Senior Minister, with a view to improving diplomatic relationships and thus gaining wider busines opportunities for Singaporean businessmen, especially in the UAE, Qatar, and Kuwait.
Encyclopedia: Goh Chok Tong (2358 words)
Goh Chok Tong (Chinese: 吴作栋; (Simp.) /吳作棟; (Trad.) Hanyu Pinyin: Wú Zuòdòng; Minnan Gô· Chok-tòng; born May 20, 1941), was the second Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore from November 26, 1990 to August 12, 2004, succeeding Lee Kuan Yew.
Goh Chok Tong said that at his speech that the biggest challenge for Singapore is how to give a correct view about China's rising and its own foothold.
Goh Chok Tong stressed that at the beginning of 1990s, 20 percent of investment flown to East Asia (excluding Japan) was absorbed by China, and 50 percent by Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), but now the situation is reversed, China takes 50 percent and ASEAN gets 20 percent.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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