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Encyclopedia > Goddess Worship

Goddess worship is a general description for the veneration of a female Goddess or goddesses. Many New Age Goddess devotees prefer the term goddess spirituality, avoiding the term "worship" for a faith that does not distance the Divine into a remote, hierarchical separation. Goddess veneration may be also used instead of "worship", as it can imply respect and intimacy without undue deference. In such contexts, "spirituality" is often preferred to "religion" because major organised religions have not typically nurtured goddess worship, with the notable exception of Hinduism. Statue of Ceres, the Roman goddess of agriculture A goddess is a female deity, in contrast with a male deity known as a god. Many cultures have goddesses. ... New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ... Divinity has a number of related uses in the field of religious belief and study. ... Spirituality, in a narrow sense, concerns itself with matters of the spirit. ... Hinduism (known as in some modern Indian languages[1]) is a religion that originated on the Indian subcontinent. ...


Goddess worship can be conservative, supporting male dominance, state control, and empire building; or it can be radical, challenging those traditions. It can support women's authority. In Western society goddess worship has developed into a distinct culture since the mid-19th century. Goddess worship is not necessarily feminist, though in Western societies the feminist version is probably the most articulate. Empire building is a business term that refers to a common problem in larger organizations, in which mid-level managers attempt to gather more control and funding in order to make themselves more powerful within the organization. ... For alternative meanings for The West in the United States, see the U.S. West and American West. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Feminism is a social theory and political movement primarily informed and motivated by the experience of women. ...


Pagan and Neopagan religions or denominations generally recognise goddess worship as one of their few areas of consensus. However, not all goddess worship is Pagan. Heathen redirects here. ... Neopaganism or Neo-Paganism is any of a heterogeneous group of new religious movements, particularly those influenced by ancient, primarily pre-Christian and sometimes pre-Judaic religions. ... A religious denomination (also simply denomination) is a subgroup within a religion that operates under a common name, tradition, and identity. ...


The female deity may be referred to in all inclusive terms, such as "The Great Goddess" or "Queen of Heaven", or she may be referred to in more specific terms: Kali, Isis, or Kwan Yin. This article is about the Hindu goddess Kali. ... This article discusses the ancient goddess. ... Kuan Yin (Pinyin: Guanyin; also written Kwan Yin or in other variants which hyphenate or remove the space between the two words) is the bodhisattva of compassion as venerated by East Asian Buddhists. ...


Some authors, the most notable of whom is Marija Gimbutas, believe goddess worship started in prehistoric times. They believe that artifacts from that period, such as the "Venus of Willendorf", may be representations of fertility goddesses. However, it is difficult to prove the role of these artifacts conclusively as evidence surrounding their place in their society is scanty. Scholars including Peter Ucko have asserted that the figurines in question were territorial markers, toys, sex aids, sex education models, and images of priestesses rather than goddesses. Such controversy tends, though, to assume that these artifacts were put to specific, single usage. It is quite possible that the same object served many functions, at different times, or even simultaneously. Marija Gimbutas by Kerbstone 52, at the back of Newgrange, Co. ... Venus of Willendorf Venus of Willendorf, also known as the Woman of Willendorf, is an 11. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Peter J. Ucko (born 1938) is Professor of Comparative Archaeology and Director of University College Londons Institute of Archaeology , notable for his organisation of the first World Archaeological Congress in 1986. ...

Contents

Examples of goddess worship

  • Hinduism is the most prolific and oldest surviving religion incorporating formal goddess worship where Mahadevi is one of the three major traditions of Hinduism.
  • Venus figurines may be examples of early fertility goddesses.
  • Inanna in Sumerian mythology is one of the oldest known goddesses.
  • Isis in Egyptian mythology was a goddess of fertility.
  • Freyja in Norse mythology was worshipped as a fertility goddess.
  • Morrigan in Celtic mythology was a goddess of war.
  • Indigenous peoples frequently venerate goddesses: this is probably the most numerous goddess culture type worldwide.
  • Some early Christian sects such as the Collyridians venerated The Virgin Mary as a goddess. Later mystics such as the medieval Julian of Norwich, and Joanna Southcott, referred to the divine Mother. Contemporary pressure groups are petitioning the Pope to recognise Mary as part of the Christian Godhead.
  • Living goddess cults view a human girl or woman as a goddess. In ancient times stateswomen such as Hatshepsut of Egypt and Cleopatra VII of Egypt wielded total power as living deities. The imperial families of China, Rome and Japan have been the subject of similar beliefs. It was an Empress of newly Christianised Constantinople, Pulcheria, who insisted on elevating Mary to virtual deity status as Mary Theotokos. Monarchs such as Elizabeth I of England consciously drew on the iconic powers of a living goddess. Young girls are still selected as living icons in Nepal, a practice called Kumari. In Germany today a living goddess called Mother Meera has inspired a pan-faith movement.
  • The Craft (popularly, witchcraft) founded 1951, Britain, is a major tradition within Western Paganism which venerates both Goddess and God in a dynamic polarity reminiscent of Tantra. Its best known type is Wicca, though there are others.
  • Dianic Craft is a Craft variant that exclusively worships the Goddess, founded 1971 by Zsuzsanna Budapest, drawing on her native Hungarian folk magic and USA feminism.
  • The Fellowship of Isis, based in Eire, is an international network founded in the 1970s that spans all continents, but especially Europe and Africa. Members are both conservative and radical, Pagan and non-Pagan. There is a well developed liturgy, and well established support for home based temples or teaching centres.
  • Deanism is a monotheistic religion worshiping "God the Mother" as the supreme and sole Deity. [1]
  • Eris, as matron deity of Discordianism.

Hinduism (known as in some modern Indian languages[1]) is a religion that originated on the Indian subcontinent. ... 1: In Hinduism, Devi (goddess) is the personification of the supreme God as the Divine Mother of Hinduism. ... Venus of Willendorf Venus figurines is an umbrella term for a number of prehistoric items, mostly in statuette form, of obese or pregnant women (which is disputed) from the Aurignacian or Gravettian period of the upper Palaeolithic, found in Europe. ... Many cultures developed deities to watch over and promote fertility, pregnancy, and birth. ... Inanna was one of the most revered of goddesses among later Sumerian mythology. ... Chaldean mythology is the collective name given to Sumerian, Assyrian and Babylonian mythologies, although Chaldea did not comprehend the whole territory inhabited by those peoples. ... This article discusses the ancient goddess. ... Egyptian mythology or Egyptian religion is the succession of tentative beliefs held by the people of Egypt for over three thousand years, prior to major exposure to Christianity and Islam. ... Freyja, in an illustration to Wagners operas by Arthur Rackham. ... Norse or Scandinavian mythology comprises the pre-Christian religion, beliefs and legends of the Scandinavian people, including those who settled on Iceland, where the written sources for Norse mythology were assembled. ... The Mórrígan (Morrígan, Morrigu, Mór-Rhioghain) (great queen or phantom queen), is an Irish goddess of war and destruction. ... Template:Buttface mythology Celtic mythology is the mythology of Celtic polytheism annas hippo butt, apparently the religion of the Iron Age Celts. ... The term indigenous peoples has no universal, standard or fixed definition, but can be used about any ethnic group who inhabit the geographic region with which they have the earliest historical connection. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Collyridians were an obscure minor early Christian heretical group. ... Gabriel delivering the Annunciation to Mary. ... Julian of Norwich (c. ... The Pope, (or Pope of Rome) (from Latin: papa, Papa, father; from Greek: papas / = priest originating from πατήρ = father )[1], is the Bishop of Rome, the spiritual leader of the Roman Catholic Church and the absolute monarch of Vatican City. ... Carved sphinx with face of Hatshepsut, Cairo Museum Maatkare Hatshepsut (c. ... Cleopatra was a co-ruler of Egypt with her father (Ptolemy XII Auletes), her brothers/husbands Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV, consummated a liaison with Gaius Julius Caesar that solidified her grip on the throne, and, after Caesars assassination, aligned with Mark Antony, with whom she produced twins. ... Map of Constantinople. ... Pulcheria (January 19, 399 – 453) was the daughter of the Eastern Roman Emperor Arcadius and Aelia Eudoxia. ... Theotokos of Kazan Theotokos (Greek: , translit. ... Elizabeth I redirects here. ... The Royal Kumari Kumari, or Kumari Devi is a living Hindu goddess in Nepal. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section should be merged with witchcraft or European witchcraft. ... Heathen redirects here. ... Tantra (Sanskrit: तन्त्र weave denoting continuity[1]), tantricism or tantrism is any of several esoteric traditions rooted in the religions of India. ... The pentagram within a circle, a symbol of faith used by many Wiccans, sometimes called a pentacle. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... The Fellowship of Isis (FOI) is multi-religious, multi-racial, and multi-cultural organization. ... Map of Éire Éire (pronounced AIR uh, in the Irish language, translated as Ireland) is the name given in Article 4 of the 1937 Irish constitution to the 26-county Irish state, created under the 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty, which was known between 1922 and 1937 as the Irish Free... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, In the Western world, the focus shifted from the social activism of the sixties to social activities for ones own pleasure, save for environmentalism, which continued in a very visible way. ... Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Eris (ca. ... Discordianism is a modern, chaos-centered religion founded circa 1958–1959 by Malaclypse the Younger with the publication of its principal text, the Principia Discordia. ...

Further reading

  • Bailey, Douglass. (2005). Prehistoric Figurines: Representation and Corporeality in the Neolithic. Routledge Publishers. ISBN 0-415-33152-8
  • Balter, Michael. (2005). The Goddess and the Bull: Catalhoyuk, An Archaeological Journey to the Dawn of Civilization. Free Press. New York. ISBN 0-7432-4360-9
  • Daly, Mary. Beyond God The Father. Beacon Press, 1978.
  • Eisler, Riane. The Chalice and the Blade. Harper, 1987.
  • Eller, Cynthia. Living in the Lap of the Goddess: The Feminist Spirituality Movement in America. Boston: Beacon Press, 1993.
  • Gimbutas, Marija. The Gods and Goddesses of Old Europe. Thames and Hudson 1974 [1982].
  • _____________. The Language of the Goddess. (Foreword by Joseph Campbell), HarperCollins 1991 [1989].
  • L. Goodison and C. Morris (1998). Ancient Goddesses. The Myths and the Evidence. London: British Museum Press ISBN 0-7141-1761-7
  • Monaghan, Patricia. The Book of Goddesses and Heroines. E.P.Dutton, 1981. The New Book of Goddesses and Heroines. Llewellyn Worldwide, 1990, 1995.
  • Newman, Barbara. (2003) God and the Goddesses, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press
  • Stone, Merlin. When God Was a Woman. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1976.
  • Peter Ucko, Anthropomorphic Figurines of Predynastic Egypt and Neolithic Crete 1968 (countering the more extreme versions of the Neolithic Goddess theory)
  • Ucko, Peter "Mother, are you there?" Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 6, (1996), pp 300-4.
  • Walker, Barbara G. The Skeptical Feminist: Discovering the Virgin, Mother & Crone. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1987.

Peter J. Ucko (born 1938) is Professor of Comparative Archaeology and Director of University College Londons Institute of Archaeology , notable for his organisation of the first World Archaeological Congress in 1986. ...

See also

Goddess worship is a general description for the veneration of a female Goddess or goddesses. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... God, as a male deity, contrasts with female deities, or goddesses. While the term goddess specifically refers to a female deity, words like gods and deities can be applied to all gods collectively, regardless of gender. ... Statue of Ceres, the Roman goddess of agriculture A goddess is a female deity, in contrast with a male deity known as a god. Many cultures have goddesses. ... The contemporary Goddess movement emerged as part of the re-emergence of spirituality in the late 1960s and as a recognition of the need for the worship of the Great Goddess to emerge into the mainstream rather than be confined to the status of a mystery religion, or limited to... A Triple Goddess symbol (probably originating from Classical Greek lunar symbolism), representing the three aspects of the moon (waxing crescent, full moon, waning crescent) and womankind (maiden, mother, crone). ... Matriarchy is a form of society in which power is with the women and especially with the mothers of a community. ... Patriarchy For other uses, see Patriarchy (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Goddess worship - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (847 words)
Goddess worship is a general description for the veneration of a female Goddess or goddesses.
Isis in Egyptian mythology was a goddess of fertility.
Freya in Norse mythology was worshipped as a fertility goddess.
The worship of goddess Adhiparasakthi (850 words)
The greatest form of worship is service to mankind, as demonstrated by the activities of the Adhiparasakthi Trust and Amma's devotees.
Worship of God in the form of Supreme Goddess Adhiparasakthi is similar to Tantrism and Saktism.
Goddess Adhiparasakthi has said that if these rituals are performed to the best of a devotees ability and in Her name then She will protect them from harm if a mistake is made.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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