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Encyclopedia > Goat Island (New York)

Coordinates: 43°4′50″N 79°4′0″W / 43.08056, -79.06667 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

American Falls and Goat Island in winter from Skylon Tower
American Falls and Goat Island in winter from Skylon Tower
View from Goat Island towards American Falls
View from Goat Island towards American Falls

Goat Island is a small uninhabited island in the Niagara River, located in the middle of Niagara Falls between the Bridal Veil Falls and Horseshoe Falls. The island is at the southwest corner of the City of Niagara Falls (and of Niagara County), New York, in the United States. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3011x1145, 856 KB) Taken by Daniel Mayer in late February 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3011x1145, 856 KB) Taken by Daniel Mayer in late February 2006. ... The American Falls of Niagara, as seen from the Canadian side in September 2002. ... The Skylon Tower, in Niagara Falls, Ontario is a building that overlooks the Horseshoe Falls from the Canadian side of the Niagara River. ... American Falls, viewed from Goat Island in western New York (taken Sept. ... American Falls, viewed from Goat Island in western New York (taken Sept. ... Satellite image of the Niagara River. ... For other uses, see Niagara Falls (disambiguation). ... Bridal Veil Falls from below For other places with the same name, see Bridal Veil Falls. ... Horseshoe Falls, viewed from Goat Island, showing a portion of the mist generated by the falls. ... Niagara Falls is a city in Niagara County, New York, United States. ... Location in the state of New York Formed 1808 Seat Lockport Area  - Total  - Water 2,952 km² (1,140 mi²) 1,598 km² (617 mi²) 54. ... This article is about the state. ...


Goat Island is a popular destination for tourists visiting the falls on the U.S. side, offering some of the most spectacular views available there, in particular at Terrapin Point. It is connected to the U.S. mainland by two bridges carrying foot, car, and trackless train traffic. The island is largely wooded and is interlaced with foot trails. An elevator provides access down to the foot of the falls and to the Cave of the Winds tour. This article is about trackless trains. ... Cave of the Winds tour in Niagara Falls, New York, USA Cave of the Winds elevator building The Cave of the Winds was discovered in 1834. ...

Contents

Botany

In 1879landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, wrote that he had travelled four thousand miles throughout the continent "without finding elsewhere the same quality of forest beauty which was once abundant about the falls, and which is still to be observed in those parts of Goat Island where the original growth of trees and shrubs had not been disturbed..." Olmsted conlcuded that the spray from the Falls created a natural nursery for indigenous plant life. Since that time, regular mowing of the Goat Island meadow, heavy foot traffic, and the incursion of invasive species have significantly altered the floral landscape of the island.[1] {{Infobox Person | name = | image = FLOlmstead. ... Lantana invasion of abandoned citrus plantation; Moshav Sdey Hemed, Israel The term invasive species refers to a subset of introduced species or non-indigenous species that are rapidly expanding outside of their native range. ...


Geology

The island was formed geologically during the recent retreat of the falls as it cuts inward (upstream) through the Niagara Escarpment. The channel of the Niagara River splits in two above the falls, creating two sets of falls, one on either side of the island. In 1959-60, the eastern side of the island was extended about 8.5 acres (34,000 m²) for additional parking and a helicopter pad. Fill was provided from excavation for the construction of the Robert Moses State Parkway. The western end of the island is slowly being eroded by the falls and the entire island will eventually disappear as the falls erode further upstream. The waters immediately around Goat Island are relatively shallow and studded with islets and rocks, many of them scenes of dramatic rescues and rescue attempts. Rattlesnake Point near Milton, Ontario. ... For other uses, see Helicopter (disambiguation). ... The Robert Moses State Parkway (unsigned New York State Reference Route 957A) is a north-south divided highway located in the western part of Niagara County, New York, USA. Along with Ocean Parkway, it is one of New Yorks most unusual parkways. ... For morphological image processing operations, see Erosion (morphology). ...


History

John Stedman - an early pioneer and miller - kept a herd of goats on the island. The animals all died in the terrible winter of 1780, but gave the island its name.


The preservation of the island as parkland is due to the early efforts of Augustus Porter, who in the middle 19th century recognized the long-term value of the falls as a tourist attraction. Porter purchased the island and later allowed a group of Tuscarora Native Americans to live on the island and sell their crafts to the tourists who came to the falls by stagecoach and early railroads. In spite of pressure, Porter refused to tame the environment on the island. In 1817, he built a toll bridge to the island for tourists. It was swept away by ice, so another was built the following year downstream. Basil Hall called it "one of the most singular pieces of engineering in the world". Almost seven hundred feet long, it soon became the best-travelled walkway in the region. Augustus Porter along with his brother Peter Porter purchased the land near Niagara Falls, United States at a public auction in order to open a grist mill and tannery around 1805. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Tuscarora are an American Indian tribe originally in North Carolina, which moved north to New York, and then partially into Canada. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Stagecoach in Switzerland A stagecoach is a type of four-wheeled enclosed passenger and/or mail coach, strongly sprung and drawn by four horses, widely used before the introduction of railway transport. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Basil Hall (1788 - September 11, 1844) was a naval officer, traveller, and author. ...


In 1885 the island was included in the Niagara Reservation State Park which is the oldest state park in the U.S. Year 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... American Falls is located in the park. ... State park is a term used in the United States and in Mexico for an area of land preserved on account of its natural beauty, historic interest, recreation, or other reason, and under the administration of the government of a U.S. state or one of the states of Mexico. ...


Sources

Pierre Berton: Niagara, A History of the Falls


External links

  • Historic and Current Images of Goat Island Niagara Falls Public Library (Ont.)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Goat Island at the Falls - Niagara Attraction (324 words)
Goat Island is a tiny non populated island in northern New York, at the SW tip of Niagara County.
The interior of the island is not inhabitable and is largely populated by woody trees and walking trails.
The island is easily accessible all year around and the best views of the combined falls are at night, especially during the late summer and early autumn.
Goat Island (New York) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (505 words)
Goat Island is a small uninhabited island in western New York in the United States.
The island was formed geologically during the recent retreat of the falls as it cuts inward (upstream) through the Niagara Escarpment.
The preservation of the island as parkland is due to the early efforts of Augustus Porter, who in the middle 19th century recognized the long-term value of falls as a tourist attraction.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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