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  ?गोंय
गोवा

Goa
India
Coordinates: 15°29′35″N 73°49′05″E / 15.493, 73.818
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 3,702 km² (1,429 sq mi)
Capital Panaji
Largest city Vasco da Gama
District(s) 2
Population
Density
1,400,000 (25th)
• 363 /km² (940 /sq mi)
Language(s) Konkani
Governor SC Jamir
Chief Minister Digambar Kamat
Established 1987-05-30
Legislature (seats) Unicameral (40)
ISO abbreviation IN-GA
Website: goagovt.nic.in
"↑"Konkani is the sole official language but Marathi is also allowed to be used for any or all official purposes.[1][2]
Seal of Goa

Coordinates: 15°29′35″N 73°49′05″E / 15.493, 73.818 Goa pronunciation  (Konkani: गोंय /ɡɔ̃j/) is India's smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population. Located on the west coast of India in the region known as the Konkan, it is bounded by the state of Maharashtra to the north, and by Karnataka to the east and south, while the Arabian Sea forms its western coast. Goa is an Indian state, until 1961 a Portuguese colony. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links India_Goa_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... Panaji   (Marathi/Konkani: पणजी) or Panjim   is the capital of the Indian state of Goa. ... Map of Goa Vasco da Gama(Konkani/Marathi : वास्को) (often shortened to Vasco) is a city in Goa state on the west coast of India. ... The divisions of a district. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... As a large and linguistically diverse country, India does not have a single official language. ... Konkani language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator Konkani (DevanāgarÄ«: कोंकणी, Roman: Konknni, Kannada: ಕೊಂಕಣಿ, Malayalam: കൊംകണീ, IAST: ) is a language of India, and belongs to the Indo-European family of languages. ... Governors of Goa See Also Goa Governors of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Goa | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... S Chubatoshi Jamir is the governor of the Indian state of Goa. ... The chief minister of Goa is the head of government of the state of Goa in India. ... Digambar Kamat is a politician from Goa, who was elected chief minister of the former Portuguese colony on the west coast of India, following elections held in June 2007. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the year 1987. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Judiciary Supreme Court of India Chief Justice of India High Courts District Courts Elections Political Parties Local & State Govt. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... ISO 3166-2 for India (ISO 3166-1 : IN) The purpose of this family of standards is to establish a worldwide series of short abbreviations for places, for use on package labels, containers and such. ... Konkani language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator Konkani (DevanāgarÄ«: कोंकणी, Roman: Konknni, Kannada: ಕೊಂಕಣಿ, Malayalam: കൊംകണീ, IAST: ) is a language of India, and belongs to the Indo-European family of languages. ... Marathi (मराठी ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people of western India. ... Image File history File links Seal/Logo of the government of Goa, India File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Image File history File links Goa. ... Konkani language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator Konkani (DevanāgarÄ«: कोंकणी, Roman: Konknni, Kannada: ಕೊಂಕಣಿ, Malayalam: കൊംകണീ, IAST: ) is a language of India, and belongs to the Indo-European family of languages. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... It has been suggested that History of the Konkan be merged into this article or section. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... This article is about the Indian region. ... The Arabian Sea (Arabic: بحر العرب; transliterated: Bahr al-Arab) is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately, by a line between Cape Guardafui, the north-east point of Somalia...


Panaji (also referred to as Panjim) is the state's capital. Vasco da Gama (sometimes shorted to Vasco) is the largest city. The historic city of Margao still exhibits the influence of Portuguese culture. Portuguese merchants first landed in Goa in the early 16th century, and annexed it soon after. The Portuguese colony existed for about 450 years (one of the longest held colonial possessions in the world), until it was taken over by India in 1961.[3][4] Panaji   (Marathi/Konkani: पणजी) or Panjim   is the capital of the Indian state of Goa. ... Map of Goa Vasco da Gama(Konkani/Marathi : वास्को) (often shortened to Vasco) is a city in Goa state on the west coast of India. ... Margao   (Konkani/Marathi:मडगांव), is also called Margão and Madgaon. ... This article is about a type of political territory. ...


Renowned for its beaches, temples and world heritage architecture, Goa is visited by hundreds of thousands of international and domestic tourists each year. It also has rich flora and fauna, owing to its location on the Western Ghats range, which is classified as a biodiversity hotspot. One of the most developed states in India, Goa enjoys a high standard of living. For other uses, see Beach (disambiguation). ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... In Botany a Flora (or Floræ) is a collective term for plant life and can also refer to a descriptive catalogue of the plants of any geographical area, geological period, etc. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life. ... The Agasthiyamalai range of the Western Ghats The Western Ghats are a mountain range in India. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...

Contents

Origin of name

The name Goa came to European languages from the Portuguese colonisers, but its precise origin is unclear. The name Goa is said to have been derived from the Konkani word 'Goyan', which means a patch of tall grass. The Indian epic Mahabharata refers to the area now known as Goa, as 'Goparashtra' or 'Govarashtra"' which means a nation of cowherds. 'Gopakapuri' or 'Gopakapattanam' were used in some ancient Sanskrit texts, and these names were also mentioned in other sacred Hindu texts such as the Harivansa and the Skanda Purana. In the latter, Goa is also known as "Gomanchala". Gove, Govapuri, Gopakpattan, Gomantak and Gomant are some other names that the region is referred to in certain inscriptions and texts such as the Puranas.[citation needed]. For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Harivansa, a chapel in Old Goa, is an example of Portuguese architecture from the Portuguese colonisers. ... Skanda Purana, one of the major eighteen Puranas, a Hindu religious text believed to be written and compiled over a long period, from 6th century to 15th century, is the largest Purana, and is devoted mainly to the life and deed of Kartikeya (also called Skanda), a son of Shiva... Two letter code GA Country India Capital — Administrative — Judicial1   — Panaji — Mumbai Location — Latitude — Longitude   — 15° N — 73° E Governor SC Jamir Chief Minister Prataph Sing Rane State language Konkani Liberation Day December 19, 1961 Statehood Day May 30, 1987 Population 1. ... The Puranas are part of Hindu Smriti; these religious scriptures discuss devotion and mythology. ...


History

Main article: History of Goa
A chapel in Old Goa, an example of Portuguese architecture.
A chapel in Old Goa, an example of Portuguese architecture.

Goa's known history stretches back to the 3rd century BC, when it formed part of the Mauryan Empire.[5] It was later ruled by the Satavahanas of Kolhapur, around 2000 years ago it was passed on to the Chalukya Dynasty, who controlled it between 580 to 750. Over the next few centuries Goa was successively ruled by the Silharas, the Kadambas and the Chalukyas of Kalyani, rulers of Deccan India.[6] The Kadambas, a local Hindu dynasty based at Chandrapura, (present day Chandor - Salcete), laid an indelible mark on the course of Goa's pre-colonial history and culture. The ancient Hindu city of Goa, of which hardly a fragment survives, was built at the southernmost point of the island, and it was famous in early Hindu legend and history. ... Download high resolution version (480x640, 62 KB)Church in Old Goa. ... Download high resolution version (480x640, 62 KB)Church in Old Goa. ... Founded in the 15th century, the city of Goa in south-western India was under Portuguese rule from 1510 until its incorporation in the Republic of India in 1961. ... The Mauryan dynasty ruled the Mauryan empire, the first unified empire of India, from 322 BCE to 183 BCE. The rulers of the Mauryan dynasty were: Chandragupta Maurya (322 - 298 BCE) - founder of the Mauryan empire. ... The Sātavāhanas (Marathi:सातवाहन Telugu:సాతవాహనులు), also known as the Andhras, were a dynasty which ruled from Junnar, Pune over Southern and Central India starting from around 230 BCE. Although there is some controversy about when the dynasty came to an end, the most liberal estimates suggest that it lasted... , Kolhapur   (Marathi:कोल्हापूर) is a city situated in the south west corner of Maharashtra, India. ... Virupaksha temple, Pattadakal, built 740 Badami Chalukya Territories in the reign of Pulakesi II, 640 The Chalukya dynasty (Sanskrit/Marathi[1]:चालुक्य राजवंश,Kannada:ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯರು) IPA: ) was an Indian royal dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th centuries. ... The Hindu Silhara dynasty ruled the region around present day Mumbai from the 9 century to the 13 century. ... An ancient royal family of Karnataka, who ruled from their capital of Banavasi, later branched into Goa, Hanagal and Chandavar. ... Extent of Western Chalukya Empire, 1121 CE Capital Manyakheta, Basavakalyan Language(s) Kannada Religion Hindu Government Monarchy King  - 957 – 997 Tailapa II  - 1184 – 1189 Somesvara IV History  - Earliest records 957  - Established 973  - Disestablished 1189 The Western Chalukya Empire (Kannada:ಪಶ್ಚಿಮ ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯ ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯ) ruled most of the western deccan, South India, between the 10th... The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... Kadambas was an ancient royal dynasty of Karnataka, who ruled from their capital of Banavasi from (345-525AD) later branched into Goa, Hanagal and Chandavar. ...


In 1312, Goa came under the governance of the Delhi Sultanate. However, the kingdom's grip on the region was weak, and by 1370 they were forced to surrender it to Harihara I of the Vijayanagara empire. The Vijayanagara monarchs held on to the territory until 1469, when it was appropriated by the Bahmani sultans of Gulbarga. After that dynasty crumbled, the area fell to the hands of the Adil Shahis of Bijapur who made Velha Goa their auxiliary capital. The Delhi Sultanate (دلی سلطنت), or Sulthanath-e-Hind (سلطنتِ ہند) / Sulthanath-e-Dilli (سلطنتِ دلی) refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India from 1210 to 1526. ... Harihara I, also called as Vira Harihar I, was the founder of the Vijayanagara empire, one of the best known empires of the Indian subcontinent. ... The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards. ... The Bahmani Sultanate was a Muslim state of the Deccan in southern India. ... Gulbarga is a town in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... The Adil Shahi were a dynasty of Indian sultans, who ruled the Sultanate of Bijapur from the 1490 to 1686. ... Bijapur is a district in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Velha Goa was founded in the 15th century as a port for the Vijayanagar and Bahamni kings. ...


In 1498, Vasco da Gama became the first European to set foot in India through a sea route, landing in Calicut (Kozhikode) in Kerala, followed by an arrival in what is now known as Old Goa. Goa, then a term referring to the City of Goa on the southern bank of the River Mandovi, was the largest trading centre on India's western coast. The Portuguese arrived with the intention of setting up a colony and seizing control of the spice trade from other European powers after traditional land routes to India had been closed by the Ottoman Turks. Later, in 1510, Portuguese admiral Afonso de Albuquerque defeated the ruling Bijapur kings with the help of a local ally, Timayya, leading to the establishment of a permanent settlement in Velha Goa (or Old Goa). The Portuguese intended it to be a colony and a naval base, distinct from the fortified enclaves established elsewhere along India's coasts. For other uses, see Vasco da Gama (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Kozhikode, also known as Calicut, is the third largest city (pop. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Founded in the 15th century, the city of Goa in south-western India was under Portuguese rule from 1510 until its incorporation in the Republic of India in 1961. ... The Mandovi River, is described to be the lifeline of the state of Goa, India. ... The Ottoman Turks were the ethnic subdivision of the Turkish people who dominated the ruling class of the Ottoman Empire. ... For other uses, see Admiral (disambiguation). ... Afonso de Albuquerque (or Afonso dAlbuquerque - disused) (pronounced ) (treated with a Don by some although his birth didnt grant him that treatment) (1453, Alhandra - Goa, December 16, 1515) was a Portuguese fidalgo, or nobleman, a naval general officer whose military and administrative activities conquered and established the Portuguese... Timoji (also referred to as Timoja or Timayya) was a Hindu privateer who served the Vijayanagara Empire and the Portuguese during the first decade of the 16th century. ...

Coat of Arms of Goa as a Portuguese possession (1675)
Coat of Arms of Goa as a Portuguese possession (1675)

In 1668, Chatrapti Shivaji captured five towns in North Goa and ordered renovation of "Saptkotishwar" temple at the present site during one of his campaigns to oust the Portuguese. Even after repetitive attempts, he was not able to win Goa from the Portuguese.[20]In 1685, Chatrapti Sambhaji captured capital Panaji and penetrated his Maratha army peacefully in entire Central and North Goa but could not retain Goa and again moved to Deccan plateau to handle the situation arisen due to sudden attack of Mogul. Chhatrapati also Chatrapati is an honorific or title for a ruler. ... Shivaji Bhosle, also known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosle (Marathi: छत्रपती शिवाजीराजे भोसले) (Born:February 19, 1627, Died: March 4, 1680) was the founder of Maratha empire in western India in 1674. ... Sambhaji Raje Bhonsle (Marathi: धर्मवीर संभाजी राजे भोसले) (May 14, 1657 – March 11, 1689) was the eldest son of the Maratha Empire founder Shivaji, and succeeded him as the Chhatrapati or the High Protector of the Maratha Empire. ... Panaji   (Marathi/Konkani: पणजी) or Panjim   is the capital of the Indian state of Goa. ... The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... Mogul may mean: a bump in the snow in alpine skiing, a Mongolian the Mughal empire, or any member of its ruling dynasty by extension, any ruler or powerful person, such as a industrial mogul or media mogul a railroad steam locomotive type called the Mogul the largest size light...

Ruins of Fort Aguada in north Goa; one of the defences that the Portuguese built during their reign.
Ruins of Fort Aguada in north Goa; one of the defences that the Portuguese built during their reign.

With the imposition of the Inquisition (1560–1812), many of the local residents were forcibly converted to Christianity by missionaries, threatened by punishment or confiscation of land, titles or property.[7] Many converts however retained parts of their Hindu heritage. To escape the Inquisition and harassment, thousands fled the state, settling down in the neighbouring towns of Mangalore and Karwar in Karnataka, and Savantwadi in Maharashtra. With the arrival of the other European powers in India in the 16th century, most Portuguese possessions were surrounded by the British and the Dutch. Goa soon became Portugal's most important possession in India, and was granted the same civic privileges as Lisbon. In 1843 the capital was moved to Panjim from Velha Goa. By mid-18th century the area under occupation had expanded to most of Goa's present day state limits. Fort Aguada (Goa) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder. ... Fort Aguada (Goa) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder. ... Fort Aguada is an old Portuguese fort standing in Goa, India, on Sinquerim beach. ... St. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... , Mangalore (IPA:ˈmaÅ‹-gÉ™-ËŒlȯr; Kannada: ಮಂಗಳೂರು, MangalÅ«ru; Tulu: Kudla, ಕುಡ್ಲ; Konkani: Kodial, ಕೊಡಿಯಾಲ್; Beary: Maikala, ಮೈಕಲ)   is the chief port city of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Rabindranath Tagore Beach, Karwar Karwar Evening Karwar (Kannada: ಕಾರವಾರ)is a small seaside town situated on the west coast of the Indian subcontinent. ... Sawantwadi (Marathi: सावंतवाडी) Scheher (sometimes also spelt as Sawantvadi), formerly the capital city of the Royal Kingdom Of Sawantwadi is one of the major towns in the Sindhudurg district of Maharashtra. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Panaji or Panjim is the capital and largest city of Goa state in south-western India. ...


After India gained independence from the British in 1947, Portugal refused to accede to India's demand to relinquish their control of its enclave. Resolution 1541 by the United Nations General Assembly in 1960 noted that Goa was non-self-governing and favoured self determination. Finally, on December 12, 1961, the Indian army with 40,000 troops moved in as part of Operation Vijay. Fighting lasted for twenty-six hours before the Portuguese garrison surrendered. Goa, along with Daman and Diu (enclaves lying to the north of Maharashtra), was made into a centrally administered Union Territory on India. India's takeover of Goa is commemorated on December 19 (Liberation Day). The UN Security Council considered a resolution condemning the invasion which was vetoed by the Soviet Union. Most nations later recognised India's action, and Portugal recognised it after the Carnation Revolution in 1974. On May 30, 1987, the Union Territory was split, and Goa was elevated as India's twenty-fifth state, with Daman and Diu remaining Union Territories. Spanish president in the General Assembly in New York Org type: Principal Organ Acronyms: GA, UNGA Head: President of the UN General Assembly As of 18 September 2007 Srgjan Kerim former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Status: Active Established: 1945 Website: www. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the post-independence Indian Army. ... Operation Vijay was the name of operation by Indian armed forces that led to the liberation of Goa, Daman and Diu and Anjidiv Islands from the Portuguese colonial holding in 1961. ... Daman and Diu (Portuguese: Gujarati is the main language; use of Portuguese is declining because it is not official or taught at school (but still spoken by 10% in Daman). ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A session of the Security Council in progress The United Nations Security Council is the most powerful organ of the United Nations. ... The Carnation Revolution (Portuguese, Revolução dos Cravos) was an almost bloodless, leftist, military-led coup détat, started on April 25, 1974, in Lisbon, Portugal, that effectively changed the Portuguese regime from an authoritarian dictatorship to a liberal democracy after two years of a transitional period known as PREC... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 1987. ...

  • 1955 reclamation of Goa

    Newsreel footage of Goa, 1955. (5.2 MB, ogg/Theora format).


    Goa 1955 invasion. ... Goa 1955 invasion. ... This article is about a unit of data. ... Ogg is an open standard for a free container format for digital multimedia, unrestricted by software patents and designed for efficient streaming and manipulation. ... Theora is a video codec being developed by the Xiph. ...

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Geography and climate

Beach in Goa
Beach in Goa
Goa is famed for its sunny beaches.
Goa is famed for its sunny beaches.

Goa encompasses an area of 3,702 km² (1,430 sq mile). It lies between the latitudes 14°53'54" N and 15°40'00" N and longitudes 73°40'33" E and 74°20'13" E. Most of Goa is a part of the coastal country known as the Konkan, which is an escarpment rising up to the Western Ghats range of mountains, which separate it from the Deccan Plateau. The highest point is the Sonsogor, with an altitude of 1,167 meters (3,827 feet). Goa has a coastline of 101 km (63 miles). Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... It has been suggested that History of the Konkan be merged into this article or section. ... The Agasthiyamalai range of the Western Ghats The Western Ghats are a mountain range in India. ... Deccan redirects here. ... Sonsogor is the highest peak in the state of Goa, India at 1,167 metres (3,827 feet). ... The metre, or meter (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... “Miles” redirects here. ...


Goa's main rivers are the Mandovi, the Zuari, the Terekhol, Chapora River and the Betul. The Mormugao harbor on the mouth of the river Zuari is one of the best natural harbors in South Asia. The Zuari and the Mandovi are the lifelines of Goa, with their tributaries draining 69% of its geographic area. Goa has more than forty estuarine, eight marine and about ninety riverine islands. The total navigable length of Goa's rivers is 253 km (157 miles). Goa has more than three hundred ancient tanks built during the rule of the Kadamba dynasty and over a hundred medicinal springs. The Mandovi River, is described to be the lifeline of the state of Goa, India. ... The Zuari River is the largest river in the state of Goa, India. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Chapora River was once an important waterway which, in every direction commanded distant approaches. ... Sal (Сал) is a river in southern Russia, tributary to the river Don. ...


Most of Goa's soil cover is made up of laterites which are rich in ferric aluminium oxides and reddish in color. Further inland and along the river banks, the soil is mostly alluvial and loamy. The soil is rich in minerals and humus, thus conducive to plantation. Some of the oldest rocks in the Indian subcontinent are found in Goa between Molem and Anmod on Goa's border with Karnataka. The rocks are classified as Trondjemeitic Gneiss estimated to be 3,600 million years old, dated by the Rubidium isotope dating method. A specimen of the rock is exhibited in the Goa University. Cutting of laterite brickstones, Angadipuram, India Laterite is a surface formation in tropical areas which is enriched in iron and aluminium and develops by intensive and long lasting weathering of the underlying parent rock. ... Ferric is a term used for the iron with the oxidation number +3. ... Aluminum redirects here. ... For other uses, see Red (disambiguation). ... Alluvium is soil land deposited by a river or other running water. ... Loam field Loam is soil composed of sand, silt, and clay in relatively even concentration (about 40-40-20% concentration respectively). ... -1... Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ... In Goa right next to the border with Karnataka. ... Gneiss Gneiss (pronounced ) is a common and widely distributed type of rock formed by high-grade regional metamorphic processes from preexisting formations that were originally either igneous or sedimentary rocks. ... General Name, Symbol, Number rubidium, Rb, 37 Chemical series alkali metals Group, Period, Block 1, 5, s Appearance grey white Standard atomic weight 85. ... Goa University,the seat of higher learning in Goa was set up in 1935 and merged with the existing Post Graduation centre for Instruction and Research of the University of Bombay (now Mumbai). ...


Goa, being in the tropical zone and near the Arabian Sea, has a warm and humid climate for most of the year. The month of May is the hottest, seeing day temperatures of over 35 °C (95 °F) coupled with high humidity. The monsoon rains arrive by early June and provide a much needed respite from the heat. Most of Goa's annual rainfall is received through the monsoons which last till late September. The tropics are the geographic region of the Earth centered on the equator and limited in latitude by the two tropics: the Tropic of Cancer in the north and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere. ... The Arabian Sea (Arabic: بحر العرب; transliterated: Bahr al-Arab) is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately, by a line between Cape Guardafui, the north-east point of Somalia... The term humidity is usually taken in daily language to refer to relative humidity. ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ...


Goa has a short cool season between mid-December and February. These months are marked by cool nights of around 20 °C (68 °F) and warm days of around 29 °C (84 °F) with moderate amounts of humidity. Further inland, due to altitudinal gradation, the nights are a few degrees cooler. During March 2008 Goa was lashed with heavy rain and strong winds. This was the first time in 29 years that Goa had seen rain during March. This peculiar change on Goa's weather followed three months of heavy aerial spraying by unidentified aircraft. {Fact|date=March 2008}}.


Subdivisions

Talukas of Goa. Talukas in purple shades belong to North Goa district, and orange denote South Goa.
Talukas of Goa. Talukas in purple shades belong to North Goa district, and orange denote South Goa.

The state is divided into two districts: North Goa and South Goa. Panaji is the headquarters of the north Goa district and Margao of the south district. Each district is governed by a district collector, an administrator appointed by the Indian government. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... North Goa is one of the two districts that make up the state of Goa, India. ... South Goa is one of the two districts that comprise the state of Goa, India. ... The divisions of a district. ... North Goa is one of the two districts that make up the state of Goa, India. ... South Goa is one of the two districts that comprise the state of Goa, India. ... Panaji   (Marathi/Konkani: पणजी) or Panjim   is the capital of the Indian state of Goa. ... Margao   (Konkani/Marathi:मडगांव), is also called Margão and Madgaon. ... The District Collector is a Central Indian Government appointee who is in charge of the governance of a district in a state. ...


The districts are further divided into eleven talukas – Talukas of North Goa are Bardez, Bicholim, Pernem, Ponda, Satari and Tiswadi, the talukas of South Goa are Canacona, Mormugao, Quepem, Salcete and Sanguem. Headquarters of the respective talukas are Mapusa, Bicholim, Pernem, Ponda, Valpoi, Panjim, Chaudi, Vasco, Quepem, Margao and Sanguem. A taluka is an administrative division in India below a district; called tahsil/tehsil in northern India. ... Bardez is the name of a region in North Goa. ... Bicholim is a town in the state of Goa in India. ... Pernem is an administrative region or district in north Goa. ... Ponda is located in the central part of Goa. ... Tiswadi is a disrtict in Goa,India. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Mormugao is Goa’s main port and its district. ... Quepem is a city and a municipal council in South Goa district in the Indian state of Goa. ... Salcette is a taluka of South Goa District in the Indian state of Goa. ... Sanguem is a taluka (administrative area) located in the district of South Goa, in the state of Goa, India. ... Valpoi is a city and a municipal council in North Goa district in the Indian state of Goa. ...


In the Parliament of India, Goa has two seats in the Lok Sabha, one representing each district, and one seat in the Rajya Sabha. Sansad Bhavan, The Parliament of India The Parliament of India (or Sansad) is bicameral. ... The Lok Sabhha (alternatively titled, the House of the People, by the Constitution of India) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... Executive President Vice-President Prime Minister Dy. ...


Flora and fauna

The Salim Ali Bird sanctuary is one of the best-known bird sanctuaries in India.
The Salim Ali Bird sanctuary is one of the best-known bird sanctuaries in India.

Forest cover in Goa stands at 1,424 km², most of which is owned by the government. Government owned forest is estimated at 1224.38 km² whilst private is given as 200 km². Most of the forests in the state are located in the interior eastern regions of the state. The Western Ghats, which form most of eastern Goa, have been internationally recognised as one of the biodiversity hotspots of the world. In the February 1999 issue of National Geographic Magazine, Goa was compared with the Amazon and Congo basins for its rich tropical biodiversity. Forest Cover in Goa Categories: India-related stubs ... Download high resolution version (1067x800, 768 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1067x800, 768 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary is situated in the island of Chorao along river Mandovi near Panaji. ... This article is about a community of trees. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... The Agasthiyamalai range of the Western Ghats The Western Ghats are a mountain range in India. ... The National Geographic Magazine, later shortened to National Geographic, is the official journal of the National Geographic Society. ... Amazon River basin The Amazon Basin is the part of South America drained by the Amazon River and its tributaries. ... Image of Kinshasa and Brazzaville, taken by NASA; the Congo River is visible in the center of the photograph Length 4,380 km Elevation of the source m Average discharge 41,800 m³/s Area watershed 3,680,000 km² Origin Mouth Atlantic Ocean Basin countries Dem. ...


Goa's state animal is the Gaur, the state bird is the Ruby Throated Yellow Bulbul, which is a variation of Black-crested Bulbul, and the state tree is the Asan. Binomial name Bos gaurus H. Smith, 1827 Range map The Gaur (IPA gauɹ) (Bos gaurus, previously Bibos gauris) is a large, dark-coated ox of South Asia and Southeast Asia. ... Binomial name Pycnonotus melanicterus (Gmelin, 1789) The Black-crested Bulbul, Pycnonotus melanicterus, is a member of the bulbul family of passerine birds. ... Species See text. ...


The important forests products are bamboo canes, Maratha barks, chillar barks and the bhirand. Coconut trees are ubiquitous and are present in almost all areas of Goa barring the elevated regions. A large number of deciduous vegetation consisting of teak, sal, cashew and mango trees are present. Fruits include jackfruits, mangos, pineapples and blackberries. For other uses, see Bamboo (disambiguation). ... The bhirand plant grows in the forests of Goa in India. ... Binomial name Cocos nucifera L. Also a song by Harry Nilsson The Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera), is a member of the Family Arecaceae (palm family). ... For other uses, see Deciduous (disambiguation). ... Species Tectona grandis Tectona hamiltoniana Tectona philippinensis Teak (Tectona), is a genus of tropical hardwood trees in the family Verbenaceae, native to the south and southeast of Asia, and is commonly found as a component of monsoon forest vegetation. ... Binomial name Roth Sal (Shorea robusta) is a species of tree native to southern Asia, ranging south of the Himalaya, from Myanmar in the east to India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. ... Binomial name L. The cashew (Anacardium occidentale; syn. ... Species About 35 species, including: Mangifera altissima Mangifera applanata Mangifera caesia Mangifera camptosperma Mangifera casturi Mangifera decandra Mangifera foetida Mangifera gedebe Mangifera griffithii Mangifera indica Mangifera kemanga Mangifera laurina Mangifera longipes Mangifera macrocarpa Mangifera mekongensis Mangifera odorata Mangifera pajang Mangifera pentandra Mangifera persiciformis Mangifera quadrifida Mangifera siamensis Mangifera similis Mangifera... Binomial name Lam. ... Species About 35 species, including: Mangifera altissima Mangifera applanata Mangifera caesia Mangifera camptosperma Mangifera casturi Mangifera decandra Mangifera foetida Mangifera gedebe Mangifera griffithii Mangifera indica Mangifera kemanga Mangifera laurina Mangifera longipes Mangifera macrocarpa Mangifera mekongensis Mangifera odorata Mangifera pajang Mangifera pentandra Mangifera persiciformis Mangifera quadrifida Mangifera siamensis Mangifera similis Mangifera... For other uses, see Pineapple (disambiguation). ... This article is about the fruit. ...


Foxes, wild boars and migratory birds are found in the jungles of Goa. The avifauna includes kingfishers, mynas and parrots. Numerous types of fish are also caught off the coast of Goa and in its rivers. Crabs, lobsters, shrimps, jellyfish, oysters and catfish form some of the piscine catch. Goa also has a high snake population, which keeps the rodent population in control. Goa has many famous National Parks, including the renowned Salim Ali bird sanctuary. Other wildlife sanctuaries include the Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary, Molem Wildlife Sanctuary, Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary, Madei Wildlife Sanctuary, Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary Mahaveer Wildlife Sanctuaryand the Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary located on the island of Chorao. This article is about the animal. ... Binomial name Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 The Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) is the wild ancestor of the domesticated pig. ... Flock of Barnacle Geese during autumn migration Bird migration refers to the regular seasonal journeys undertaken by many species of birds. ... For other meanings of bird, see bird (disambiguation). ... Families Alcedinidae Halcyonidae Cerylidae Kingfishers are birds of the three families Alcedinidae (river kingfishers), Halcyonidae (tree kingfishers), and Cerylidae (water kingfishers). ... † See also Starling, Oxpecker The mynas are part of the family Sturndidae, along with the starlings and oxpeckers. ... Systematics (but see below) Family Cacatuidae (cockatoos) Subfamily Microglossinae (Palm Cockatoo) Subfamily Calyptorhynchinae (dark cockatoos) Subfamily Cacatuinae (white cockatoos) Family Psittacidae (true parrots) Subfamily Loriinae (lories and lorikeets) Subfamily Psittacinae (typical parrots and allies) Tribe Arini (American psittacines) Tribe Cyclopsitticini (fig parrots) Tribe Micropsittini (pygmy parrots) Tribe Nestorini (kakas and... For other uses, see Crab (disambiguation). ... Subfamilies and Genera Neophoberinae Acanthacaris Thymopinae Nephropsis Nephropides Thymops Thymopsis Nephropinae Homarus Nephrops Homarinus Metanephrops Eunephrops Thymopides Clawed lobsters comprise a family (Nephropidae, sometimes also Homaridae) of large marine crustaceans. ... Suborders Not necessary complete list: Aristeidae Penaeidae Sergestidae Sicyoniidae Solenoceridae Nematocarcinidae Atyidae Pasiphaeoidae Rhynocinetidae Campylonotidae Palaemonidae Alpheidae Ogyrididae Hippolytidae Proussidae Pandalidae Crangonidae True shrimp are small, swimming, decapod crustaceans usually classified in the suborder Natantia, found widely around the world in both fresh and salt water. ... For other uses, see Jellyfish (disambiguation). ... The name oyster is used for a number of different groups of mollusks which grow for the most part in marine or brackish water. ... This article is about the siluriform catfishes; for the Atlantic catfish, see Seawolf (fish); for other uses, see Catfish (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Snake (disambiguation). ... Suborders Sciuromorpha Castorimorpha Myomorpha Anomaluromorpha Hystricomorpha Rodentia is an order of mammals also known as rodents, characterised by two continuously-growing incisors in the upper and lower jaws which must be kept short by gnawing. ... This article is about national parks. ... Salim Ali may refer to: Salim Ali, (1896-1987) Indian ornithologist Salim Ali, an alias of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, reported military head of Al Qaeda This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... in Northeastern Goa, India. ... Molem is 57 km from Panaji. ... Located in the Canacona takula (or district) of Goa, in India. ... Located in the Sattari takula (district) of Goa, in India. ... Located in Eastern Goa, India. ... A wildlife sanctuary in Goa, India. ... The Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary is situated in the island of Chorao along river Mandovi near Panaji. ... A island along the river Mandovi near Panaji of Goa, in India. ...


Goa has more than 33% of its geographic area under government forests (1224.38 km²) of which about 62% has been brought under Protected Areas (PA) of Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Park. Since there is a substantial area under private forests and a large tract under cashew, mango, coconut, etc. plantations, the total forest and tree cover constitutes 56.6% of the geographic area.


Economy

Gross State Domestic Product at Current Prices (in millions of Indian Rupees)[8]

figures in crores of Indian Rupees A crore is a unit in the Indian numbering system, still widely used in Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. ... “INR” redirects here. ...

Year Gross State Domestic Product
1980 3,980
1985 6,550
1990 12,570
1995 33,190
2000 76,980
Fishing in the Chapora river.
Fishing in the Chapora river.

Goa's gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at $3 billion in current prices. Goa is India's richest state with a GDP per capita two and a half times that of the country as a whole, and one of its fastest growth rates: 8.23% (yearly average 1990–2000). Download high resolution version (1067x800, 401 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1067x800, 401 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a calculation method in national accounting (see Measures of national income and output) is defined as the total value of final goods and services produced within a countrys borders in a year, regardless of ownership. ...


Tourism is Goa's primary industry: it handles 12%[9] of all foreign tourist arrivals in India. Goa has two main tourist seasons: winter and summer. In the winter time, tourists from abroad (mainly Europe) come to Goa to enjoy the splendid climate. In the summertime (which, in Goa, is the rainy season), tourists from across India come to spend the holidays. Tourism is generally focused on the coastal areas of Goa, with decreased tourist activity inland. In 2004 there were more than 2 million tourists reported to have visited Goa, 400,000 of which were from abroad.


The land away from the coast is rich in minerals and ores and mining forms the second largest industry. Mining in Goa focuses on ores of iron, Bauxite, manganese, clays, limestone and silica. The Marmagao Port handled 31.69 million tonnes of cargo last year, and accounts for over 39% of India's Iron Ore exports. The leaders in the Goan Iron Ore industry include Sesa Goa (now owned by Vedanta) and Dempo This article is about mineral extractions. ... This heap of iron ore pellets will be used in steel production. ... This article is about the ore. ... General Name, symbol, number manganese, Mn, 25 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 7, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Standard atomic weight 54. ... For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... The chemical compound silicon dioxide, also known as silica, is the oxide of silicon, chemical formula SiO2. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Mormugao. ...


Agriculture, while of shrinking importance to the economy over the past four decades, offers part-time employment to a sizable portion of the populace. Rice is the main agricultural crop, followed by areca, cashew and coconut. The fishing industry provides employment for about forty thousand people, though recent official figures indicate a decline of the importance of this sector and also a fall in catch, perhaps coupled with the fact that traditional fishing has given way to large-scale mechanised trawling. Medium scale industries include the manufacturing of pesticides, fertilisers, tyres, tubes, footwear, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, wheat products, steel rolling, fruits and fish canning, cashew nuts, textiles, brewery products. Goa is also notable for its low liquor prices due to its very low excise duty on alcohol. Another source of cash inflow into the state comes from many of its citizens who work abroad and remit money to their families. Zuari Industries (2005 gross income Rs.36,302 million) and Sesa Goa (2005 gross income Rs.17,265 million) are two S&P CNX 500 conglomerates which have corporate offices in Goa.[citation needed] The Goa government has recently decided to not allow any more special economic zones(SEZs) in Goa. This is in stark contrast to policy followed by other states of India. SEZs are known to bring tax revenues for the government and employment option for local citizens since industries flock there for lower tax rates as compared to other areas. Currently there are 16 planned SEZs in Goa. This decision was taken by state government after strong opposition to SEZs by political parties and Goa catholic church. [10] For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... Species (Betel nut palm) and about 50 more Areca is a genus of about 50 species of single-stemmed palms in the family Arecaceae, found in humid tropical forests from Malaysia to the Solomon Islands. ... Binomial name L. The cashew (Anacardium occidentale; syn. ... For other uses, see Coconut (disambiguation). ... A pesticide is a substance or mixture of substances used for preventing, controlling, or lessening the damage caused by a pest. ... Fertilizers are chemicals given to plants with the intention of promoting growth; they are usually applied either via the soil or by foliar spraying. ... Firestone tire This article is about pneumatic tires. ... Look up Tube in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... High-heeled shoe Footwear consists of garments worn on the feet. ... A chemical substance is any material substance used in or obtained by a process in chemistry: A chemical compound is a substance consisting of two or more chemical elements that are chemically combined in fixed proportions. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon is drug, and logos is science) is the study of how chemical substances interfere with living systems. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... Kettles in a modern Trappist brewery A brewery can be a building or place that produces beer, or a business (brewing company) whose trade is the production and sale of beer. ... Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        Excise tax, sometimes called an excise duty, is a type of... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Transport

Bridge in Goa
Bridge in Goa

Goa's sole airport, the Dabolim Airport, is both a military and civilian airport catering to domestic and international airlines that stop en route to other Indian destinations. In addition to regular flights, the airport handles a large number of chartered flights. Goa receives International flights from Dubai, Sharjah and Kuwait in the Middle East and from the United Kingdom, Germany and Russia during the charter flight tourist season. Dabolim airport is serviced by the following carriers - Air India, Indian Airlines, Air Deccan, Kingfisher airlines, Go air, Spice jet, Jet Airways besides Charter flights from Thomas Cook (condor) etc. Dabolim Airport (IATA: GOI, ICAO: VAGO) is located in Goa, India and is the only domestic and international airport in the state. ...


Goa's public transport largely consists of privately operated buses linking the major towns to rural areas. Government-run buses, maintained the Kadamba Transport Corporation, links both major routes (like the Panjim–Margao route) and some remote parts of the state. In large towns such as Panjim and Margao, intra-city buses ply. However, public transport in Goa is less developed, and residents depend heavily on their own transport, usually motorised two-wheelers. Goa has two National Highways passing through it. NH-17 runs along India's west coast and links Goa to Bombay in the north and Mangalore to the south. NH-4A running across the state connects the capital Panjim to Belgaum in east, linking Goa to cities in the Deccan. The NH-17A connects NH-17 to Mormugao Harbour from Cortalim, and the new NH-17B, once complete will be a four lane highway connecting Mormugao Harbour to NH-17 at another location, Verna, via Dabolim airport. Goa has a total of 224 km (139 mi) of National highway, 232 km (144 mi) of state highway and 815 km of district highway. Mass transit redirects here. ... Kadamba Transport Corporation KTC is a Govt. ... National Highway, is the class of roads maintained by the Central Government in India and is the main long-distance roadways. ... , Mangalore (IPA:ˈmaÅ‹-gÉ™-ËŒlȯr; Kannada: ಮಂಗಳೂರು, MangalÅ«ru; Tulu: Kudla, ಕುಡ್ಲ; Konkani: Kodial, ಕೊಡಿಯಾಲ್; Beary: Maikala, ಮೈಕಲ)   is the chief port city of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... , Belgaum (proposed to be renamed Belagaavi) (Kannada: ಬೆಳಗಾವಿ, Marathi: बेळगांव;  ), also known as Belgaon, is a city and a municipal corporation in Belgaum district in the state of Karnataka, India. ... The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... Mormugao is Goa’s main port and its district. ... Goas Only Domestic and International Airport. ...

Rickshaw in Goa
Rickshaw in Goa

Hired forms of transport include unmetered taxis, and, in urban areas, auto rickshaws. A unique form of transport in Goa is the Motorcycle taxi, operated by drivers who are locally called "pilots". These vehicles transport a single pillion rider, at fares that are usually negotiated prior or after the journey (it is always better to ask locals on the correct fare before you try any negotiations yourself). In some places in Goa, there are river crossings which are serviced by the ferry boats, operated by the river navigation departments. Goa has two rail lines — one run by the South Western Railway and the other by the Konkan Railway. The line run by the South Western Railway was built during the colonial era linking the port town of Vasco da Gama with Hubli in Karnataka via Margao. The Konkan Railway line, which was built during the 1990s, runs parallel to the coast connecting Mumbai to the Malabar Coast. Japanese rickshaw (jinrikisha), 1886. ... Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ... Motorcycle taxi: Motorcycles are a licensed form of taxi in Goa. ... A pillion is a pad or cushion (seating) behind the seat of the driver (rider) of a motorcycle, moped, or horse for a second person who is said to ride pillion (and is also often called a pillion). Bitch seat is somewhat vulgar American motorcycle slang for this seat. ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... railroads redirects here. ... The Konkan Railway (Railway Symbol:KR) is a company of the Indian Railways which operates along the Konkan coast of India. ... The South Western Railway is one of the 16 railway zones in India. ... Hubli-Dharwad is a twin city in the state of Karnataka in India. ... This article is about the Indian region. ... Malabar Coast, Kerala Bekal Fort Beach, Kerala The Malabar Coast also known as the Malabarian Coast, is a long and narrow south-western shore line of the mainland Indian subcontinent. ...


The Mormugao harbour near the city of Vasco handles mineral ore, petroleum, coal and international containers. Much of the shipments consist of minerals and ores from Goa's hinterland. Panjim, which is situated on the banks of the Mandovi, also has a minor port, which used to handle passenger steamers between Goa and Mumbai till the late 1980s. For other uses, see Steamboat (disambiguation). ...


Demographics

A native of Goa is called a Goan in English, 'Goenkar' in Konkani, 'Goês' (male) or 'Goesa' (female) in Portuguese, and a 'Govekar' in Marathi. Goa has a population of 1.344 million residents, making it India's fourth smallest (after Sikkim, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh). The population has a growth rate of 14.9% per decade [11]. There are 363 people for each square kilometre of the land. 49.77% of the population lives in urban areas. The sex ratio is 960 females to 1000 males. Hinduism (65.8%), Christianity (26.7%) and Islam (6.8%) are the three main religions in Goa. [12] Roman Catholicism reached Goa during the period of European colonisation, which began in 1498 when the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrived on the Malabar coast. With the establishment of Goa Inquisition in 1560, a large sections of the population became Roman Catholic. There is also a small community of Sikhs that make up 0.1% of the population. Goa's major cities include Vasco, Margao, Marmagao (also known as Murgaon or Mormugão), Panjim and Mapusa. The region connecting the last four cities is considered a de facto conurbation, or a more or less continuous urban area. Goans is the term used to describe the people of Goa on the west coast of India. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Vasco da Gama (disambiguation). ... The Malabarian Coast also known as the Malabar coast, is a long and narrow South-western shore line of mainland Indian subcontinent. ... St. ... A Sikh man wearing a turban The adherents of Sikhism are called Sikhs. ... Vasco da Gama (often shortened to Vasco) is Goas largest town with an estimated 2005 population of over 100,000. ... Margao   (Konkani/Marathi:मडगांव), is also called Margão and Madgaon. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Mormugao. ... Panaji or Panjim is the capital and largest city of Goa state in south-western India. ... Mapusa (म्हापसा) is a town in Goa, India. ... A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ...


The official language of Goa is Konkani. Following the end of Portuguese rule, the most widely used languages are Konkani and Marathi.[13] Konkani is the primary spoken language;Marathi and English for official, literary or educational purposes;[14] and other languages including Hindi and Portuguese. Language is a controversial issue in Goa, over which an agitation was fought between two contending pro-Konkani and pro-Marathi camps between 1985–87. Most of the Goans united and fought for Konkani as their mother tongue.[citation needed] After the agitation ended in 1987, a complex formula grants 'official language' status to Konkani, while Marathi is also allowed to be used "for any or all official purposes." Given the bitter rivalry between the two lobbies, clubbed with a maudlin issue has resulted in a stalemate over the actual implementation. Portuguese, the earlier language of the elite, has been hit by shrinking numbers, though a small number still prefer it as the medium for discourse at home, and a few Portuguese books have even been published in recent years.[citation needed] English, viewed as a language of opportunity and social mobility, is widely understood by many of the state residents. Konkani language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator Konkani (DevanāgarÄ«: कोंकणी, Roman: Konknni, Kannada: ಕೊಂಕಣಿ, Malayalam: കൊംകണീ, IAST: ) is a language of India, and belongs to the Indo-European family of languages. ... Konkani language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator Konkani (DevanāgarÄ«: कोंकणी, Roman: Konknni, Kannada: ಕೊಂಕಣಿ, Malayalam: കൊംകണീ, IAST: ) is a language of India, and belongs to the Indo-European family of languages. ... Marathi (मराठी ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people of western India. ... Konkani language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator Konkani (DevanāgarÄ«: कोंकणी, Roman: Konknni, Kannada: ಕೊಂಕಣಿ, Malayalam: കൊംകണീ, IAST: ) is a language of India, and belongs to the Indo-European family of languages. ... Marathi (मराठी ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people of western India. ... Indian English comprises several dialects or varieties of English spoken primarily in India, and/or by first generation Indian diaspora elsewhere in the world. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... Goans is the term used to describe the people of Goa on the west coast of India. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Culture

An example of traditional Portuguese-influenced Goan architecture.
An example of traditional Portuguese-influenced Goan architecture.
Mangueshi Temple, a Hindu temple in Old Goa.
Mangueshi Temple, a Hindu temple in Old Goa.

The most popular celebrations in Goa are Ganesh Chaturthi (Chavoth-Konkani), Diwali,Christmas,Easter Sunday,Samvatsar Padvo , Shigmo and the Carnival,New Year's Day, . However, since the 1960s, the celebrations of the Shigmo and carnival have shifted to the urban centres, and in recent times these festivals are seen more as a means of attracting tourists. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Lord Ganesh Shiva Ganesh Chaturthi (IAST: , sanskrit: गणेश चतुर्थी) (Ganesh Festival) is a day on which Lord Ganesha, the son of Shiva and Parvati, is believed to bestow his presence on earth for all his devotees. ... Diwali, or Deepawali, (also called Tihar and Swanti in Nepal) (Markiscarali) is a major Indian and Nepalese festive holiday, and a significant festival in Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... Easter (also called Pascha) is generally accounted the most important holiday of the Christian year, observed March or April each year to celebrate the Resurrection of Jesus from the dead (after his death by crucifixion; see Good Friday), which Christians believe happened at about this time of year, almost two... Shigmo is a festival celebrated in Goa, a state of India. ... For other uses, see Carnival (disambiguation). ... This article is about the date January 1 in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Goan Hindus are very fond of Natak,Bhajan and Kirtan. Many famous Indian Classical singers hail from Goa, such as Lata Mangeshkar,Asha Bhosle,Kishori Amonkar,Kesarbai Kerkar,Jitendra Abhisheki,Prabhakar Karekar. This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... A bhajan or kirtan is a Hindu devotional song, often of ancient origin. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The origins of Indian classical music can be found from the oldest of scriptures, part of the Hindu tradition, the Vedas. ... Lata Mangeshkar (Marathi/Hindi:लता मंगेशकर) (born September 28, 1929) is an Indian singer. ... Asha Bhosle[1] (Marathi: ) (born September 8, 1933) is an Indian singer. ... Kishori Amonkar (born April 10, 1931) is a noted Hindustani music performer who is known for singing in the Jaipur Gharana style. ... Hindustani vocalist Surashri Kesarbai Kerkar (b. ... Shri Jitendra Abhisheki (Born: 21 September, 1929 Died: 7 November, 1998) was a performer of classical, semi-classical, and devotional music in Maharashtra, India. ...


Some traditional Goan dance forms are dekhnni, fugdi, and corridinho. Deknni (also spelled Dekhni, Dekhnni) is a semi classical Goan (Indian) dance form. ... The corridinho is danced with the pairs always embraced, forming a circle, girls inside and the boys outside the circle. ...


Rice with fish curry (Xit kodi in Konkani) is the staple diet in Goa. Goa is renowned for its rich variety of fish dishes cooked with elaborate recipes. Coconut and coconut oil is widely used in Goan cooking along with chili peppers, spices and vinegar giving the food a unique flavour. Pork dishes such as Vindaloo, Xacuti and Sorpotel are cooked for major occasions among the Catholics. An exotic Goan vegetable stew, known as Khatkhate, is a very popular dish during the celebrations of festivals, Hindu and Christian alike. Khatkhate contains at least five vegetables, fresh coconut, and special Goan spices that add to the aroma. A rich egg-based multi-layered sweet dish known as bebinca is a favourite at Christmas. The most popular alcoholic beverage in Goa is feni; Cashew feni is made from the fermentation of the fruit of the cashew tree, while coconut feni is made from the sap of toddy palms. For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... This article is about the dish. ... Konkani language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator Konkani (DevanāgarÄ«: कोंकणी, Roman: Konknni, Kannada: ಕೊಂಕಣಿ, Malayalam: കൊംകണീ, IAST: ) is a language of India, and belongs to the Indo-European family of languages. ... For other uses, see Coconut (disambiguation). ... Goa (गोवा) is Indias smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population after Sikkim, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. ... The chile pepper (also chili or chilli; from Spanish chile) is the fruit of the plant Capsicum from the nightshade family (Solanaceae). ... For other uses, see Spice (disambiguation). ... Vinegar is sometimes infused with spices or herbs—as here, with oregano. ... For other uses, see Pork (disambiguation). ... Pork vindalho, served in Lisbon, Portugal, in a goan restaurant Vindaloo also called Vindalho or Vindallo is a very popular Indian dish. ... A curry prepared in Goa with quite complex spicing, including white poppy seeds and large dried red chillies. ... A dish from Goa. ... Goa (गोवा) is Indias smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population after Sikkim, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. ... In the Indian Cuisine, Khatkhate is an eloquent and exotic mixed vegetable stew, a Goan (as well as Konkani) dish, made with at least five vegetables, grated coconut, jaggery, kokum, tamarind, tirfala (special spices from Konkan region), dried red chillies, garam masala powder, and turmeric powder. ... Goa (गोवा) is Indias smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population after Sikkim, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. ... Chicken egg (left) and quail eggs (right), the types of egg commonly used as food An egg is a body consisting of an ovum surrounded by layers of membranes and an outer casing of some type, which acts to nourish and protect a developing embryo. ... Bebinca, also known as Bibik, is a dessert from Goa, India. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... An Indian liquor made from either coconut or the juice of the cashew apple. ... Photo of a bottle of Big Boss cashew fenny Fenny is an Indian liquor made from either coconut or the juice of the cashew apple. ...


Goa has two World Heritage Sites: the Bom Jesus Basilica [1] and a few designated convents. The Basilica holds the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier, regarded by many Catholics as the patron saint of Goa (the patron of the Archdiocese of Goa is actually the Blessed Joseph Vaz. Once every twelve years, the body is taken down for veneration and for public viewing. The last such event was conducted in 2004. The Velhas Conquistas regions are also known for its Goa-Portuguese style architecture. Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... The Bom Jesus Basilica. ... This article is about the person. ... The Patriarch of the East Indies in the Catholic hierarchy is the title of the Archbishop of Goa and Damao in India; another title of his is that of the Primate of the East. ... Blessed Joseph Vaz was a Catholic priest from Goa. ...


In many parts of Goa, mansions constructed in the Indo-Portuguese style architecture still stand, though in some villages, most of them are in a dilapidated condition. Fontainhas in Panjim, has been declared a cultural quarter, and are used as a living museum showcasing the life, architecture and culture of Goa. Some influences from the Portuguese era are visible in some of Goa's temples, notably the Mangueshi Temple, although after 1961, many of these were demolished and reconstructed in the indigenous Indian style. For the island of Bravas tallest point, see Fontainhas (Brava), Cape Verde Fontainhas (Portuguese meaning the fountain, Capeverdean Crioulo, ALUPEC or ALUPEK and the Santo Antão Crioulo: Fontainhas) is a village in the northern part of the island of Santo Antão. ... This temple is located at Priol (1 kilometer from Mardol close to Nagueshi), in Goa, India and is dedicated to Lord Mangueshi who was an incarnation of Shiva. ...

See also: Music of Goa and Goa literature

Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Purandaradasara Aradhana – Kanakadasara Aradhana – Hampi Sangeetotsava – Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram... Goa is Indias smallest state with population of 1. ...

Architecture

The height of Goa's glory was closely and mutually linked with the heyday of Portugal, but Goan grandeur pre-dated the Portuguese. Chieftains, kings and a host of Indian dynasties had made this little jewel glitter with royal pomp. The Batpuras, the Bhujas and, after the fall of Ashoka and the Mauryans, the Satyavahanas, ruled over Goa. The inscription of around A.D.1000 (when Shashtadeva of the Goa Kadamba dynasty sat on the throne), describes the early splendor of the capital: 'Gardens on every side.White plastered houses, alleys, horse stables, flower gardens, agreeably connected bazaars, harlots' quarters, and tanks.' In his son's reign, Goa is reputed to have commanded a powerful fleet and traded with four- teen foreign lands.In essence, it was a coveted land with the most sought-after port in India. And as the word spread, this advantage was to become a liability. The friendly harbours that had sent out sparkling blue ripples to the world were to backflow and become the road of conquest and colonization.


On July 4, 1497 when Vasco da Gama set sail from the River Tagus in Lisbon commanding the flagship St. Gabriel, no one could have imagined the implications of his voyage. At that time the potentates of the East were wealthier than the financially em- barrassed Western kings.Vasco da Gama never actually visited Goa, though now there is a coastal town by his name to commemorate his link with Portugal. It was Afonso de Albuquerque who is credited with sowing the seeds of the Portuguese empire in India, first by destroying, then creating. the Arabian Sea into the fresh mouth of the Mandovi. Little did anyone know that Goa would change face. Now a stranger on the throne was to remould the past, reshape the present and go so far as to influence the future psyche of an entire people.


The Portuguese brought to Goa the magnificence of the West and the might of a nation at the height of its imperial power. Their vision was lofty and ambition sky high, but it blazed a short trail like a meteor. An art historian remarked, 'Portugal was a very small nation of a people then heroic. However, at its peak, Goa was one of the wonders of the world, larger than Lisbon and even the London of its time! Some 300,000 people had made it their home. Goa re- sembled the 'meeting upon the burse in Antwerpe' wrote Linschoten, the Dutchman, and it was then that epithets like 'Rome of Asia' and 'Pearl of the Orient' were coined. 'Goa Dourada' or 'Golden Goa' sands was not an advertising slogan to beckon tourists, but more precisely the gilt-coated reredos and altars in the churches that dis- played layers of the real gold Portugal had discovered in Africa.


Contemporary descriptions do not undertake this glitter. 'Quem viu Goa excusa de ver Lisboa', the word went round, 'Who has seen Goa needn't see Lisbon.' In 1606 Goa got Santa Monica, the first nunnery in the East. The imposing Basilica of Bom Jesus impressed Christians and non-Christians alike. Fantastic Italian architecture-typically renaissance modelled on architectural details from the churches circled the city's skyline. There were compulsory orders to paint the mansions annually, af- ter the monsoon had passed. The regulations insisted that al- though white may be used for picking out architectural details like quoins and cornices, and window edges and balustrades to contrast with the wall surfaces of yellow-ochre, Indian red or pale green, no buildings but churches might be white all over. In 1839, Caption Marryat in his novel The Phantom Ship de described Goa: 'The squares behind the palace and the wide streets were filled with living beings: elephants with gorgeous trappings; led or mounted horses with superb housings; palanquins carried by natives in splendid liveries; running footmen; syces; every variety of nation, from the proud Portuguese to the half-covered native; Musselmen, Arabs, Hindoos, Armenians; Officers and soldiers in their uniforms, all crowded and thronged together: all was bustle and motion. Such was the wealth, the splendor and luxury of the proud city of Goa- the Empress of the East.'


Sports

Football is perhaps the most popular sport in Goa and is embedded in Goan culture.[15] Its origins in the state are traced back to 1883 when the visiting British priest Fr. William Robert Lyons established the sport as part of a "Christian education".[15][16] On December 22, 1959 the Associacao Futebol de Goa was formed, which continues to administer the game in the state under the new name, Goa Football Association.[15] Goa, along with West Bengal,and Kerala.[15] is the locus of football in the country and is home to many football club in India's National Football League, including three of the ten Premier Division teams.[17] The state's football powerhouses include Salgaocar, Dempo, Churchill Brothers, Vasco Sports Club and Sporting Clube de Goa. The state's main football stadium, Fatroda (or Nehru stadium), is located at Margao and also hosts cricket matches.[18] Soccer redirects here. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... For other uses of National Football League, see National Football League (disambiguation). ... Salgaocar SC is an Indian football team based in the state of Goa. ... Dempo Sports Club is a sports club based in Goa, India. ... Churchill Brothers SC is an Indian football club based in Salcette, Goa, and playing in the NFL Premier Division in the Indian football league system. ... The Vasco Sports Club is a football (soccer) club in Goa. ... Sporting Clube de Goa is a sports club based in the Indian state of Goa. ... Fatorda Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Margao, India. ...


In recent decades, a growing influence of cricket is visible, in large part fuelled by the massive coverage this sport gets on national television, thus making an impact even in a part of South Asia which hardly had any contact with the British Empire.[citation needed] Goa now has its own cricket team. Field Hockey is the third most popular sport.[citation needed] This article is about the sport. ... For a comprehensive list of the territories that formed the British Empire, see Evolution of the British Empire. ... The Goa cricket team has never been an overly strong team in the Ranji Trophy. ... A game of field hockey in progress Field hockey is a popular sport for men, women and children in many countries around the world. ...

For more details on this topic, see Goans in sports.

There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

Government and Politics

Panaji, known as Panjim in English and earlier called Pangim in Portuguese times, and known in the local language as Ponnje is the administrative capital of Goa lying on the left bank of the Mandovi near Panaji. Goa's legislative capital is Porvorim – the seat of the Goa assembly, which lies across the Mandovi River. The state's judicial capital, however, is Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay, which is the capital of Goa's neighbouring Maharashtra state), as the state comes under the Bombay High Court. A bench of the High Court is present in Panaji. Goa contributes two seats to the Lok Sabha and one to the Rajya Sabha, in India's bicameral parliament. Unlike other states, which follow the British Indian model of civil laws framed for individual religions, the Portuguese Uniform Civil Code, based on the Napoleonic code, has been retained by the Goa government. Panaji   (Marathi/Konkani: पणजी) or Panjim   is the capital of the Indian state of Goa. ... Porvorim (Devanagari परवरी) is the legislative capital of the state of Goa, India. ... The Goa Assembly consists of 40 members in a unicameral legislature. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... The Bombay High Court was inaugurated on August 14, 1862. ... The Lok Sabhha (alternatively titled, the House of the People, by the Constitution of India) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... Executive President Vice-President Prime Minister Dy. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... First page of the 1804 original edition. ...


Goa has a unicameral legislature consisting of a forty member Legislative Assembly, headed by a Chief Minister who wields the executive power. The present Chief Minister of Goa is Mr. Digamber Kamat and the Leader of Opposition is Mr. Manohar Parrikar. The ruling government consists of the party or coalition garnering the most seats in the state elections and enjoying the support of a simple majority of the House. The governor is appointed by the President of India. The governor's role is largely ceremonial, but plays a crucial role when it comes to deciding who should form the next government or in suspending the legislature as has happened in the recent past. After having stable governance for nearly thirty years up to 1990, Goa is now notorious for its political instability having seen fourteen governments in the span of the fifteen years between 1990 and 2005.[19] In March 2005 the assembly was dissolved by the governor and President's Rule was declared, which suspended the legislature. A by-election in June 2005 saw the Congress coming back to power after winning three of the five seats that went to polls. The Congress party and the BJP are the two largest parties in the state. In the assembly pole of 2007, Congress-led coalition won and started ruling the state.[20] Other parties include the United Goans Democratic Party, the Nationalist Congress Party and the Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party.[20]http://northgoa.nic.in/ Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The Goa Assembly consists of 40 members in a unicameral legislature. ... A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. ... A simple majority is the most common requirement in voting for a measure to pass, especially in deliberative bodies and small organizations. ... The President of India (Hindi: Rashtrapati) is the head of state and first citizen of India and the Supreme Commander of the Indian armed forces. ... Presidents rule is enabled by article 356 of the constitution of India. ... Indian National Congress, Congress-I (also known as the Congress Party and abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India. ... BJP could mean one of Indias largest political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party British Journal of Photography British Journal of Psychiatry British Journal of Pharmocology This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... United Goans Democratic Party one of the two former dominating political parties in the Indian state of Goa. ... This January 2007 needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party, the oldest political party in the Indian state of Goa. ...


Media and Communication

Main article: Media in Goa

Goa is served by almost all television channels available in India. Channels are received through cable in most parts of Goa. In the interior regions, channels are received via satellite dishes. Doordarshan, the national television broadcaster, has two free terrestrial channels on air. Goa is Indias smallest state (3700 square kilometres, 1. ... Doordarshan (sometimes DoorDarshan; ) is a Public broadcast Terrestrial television channel run by Prasar Bharati, a board nominated by the Government of India. ...


DTH (Direct To Home) TV services are available from Dish TV, Tata Sky & DD Direct Plus. The All India Radio is the only radio channel in the state, broadcasting in both FM and AM bands. Two AM channels are broadcast, the primary channel at 1287 kHz and the Vividh Bharati channel at 1539 kHz. AIR's FM channel is called FM Rainbow and is broadcast at 105.4 MHz. Private FM radio channels available are Big FM at 92.7 MHz, Radio Mirchi at 98.3 MHz, and Radio Indigo at 91.9 MHz. There is also an educational radio channel, Gyan Vani, run by IGNOU broadcast from Panaji at 107.8 MHz. A Satellite dish antenna A satellite dish is a type of parabolic reflector antenna designed with the specific purpose of transmitting signals to and/or receiving from satellites. ... Dish TV is a satellite broadcasting service available to users in India,Sri Lanka,Pakistan,Bangladesh,Nepal and parts of South East Asia. ... Tata Sky is a DTH satellite television provider in India. ... DD Direct Plus is a free Direct to Home (DTH) service that provides satellite television and audio programming to households and businesses in the Indian subcontinent, owned by parent company Doordarshan. ... For the electronica band, see All India Radio (band). ... Radio transmition diagram and electromagnetic waves For other uses see: radio (disambiguation) Radio is a technology that allows the transmission of signals by modulation of electromagnetic waves with frequencies below those of light. ... In telecommunications, frequency modulation (FM) conveys information over a carrier wave by varying its frequency. ... Amplitude modulation (AM) is a technique used in electronic communication, most commonly for transmitting information via a radio carrier wave. ... Big FM is a nationwide private FM radio station in India owned by Indian businessman Anil Ambani. ... Radio Mirchi is a nationwide network of private FM radio stations in India. ... Radio Indigo broadcasts on 91. ... Gyan Vani is an educational FM radio station in several cities of India. ... Indira Gandhi National Open University, NewDelhi, India ...


Goa has also started an independent 24 hours satellite TV channel called STV Goa News which gives news from all the different parts of the state and is presently beamed from the satellite Thaicom 5 and is a Free to Air (FTA) channel.


Goa has number of local news channels registered under CABLE NEWS CHANNEL ASSOCIATION which are as follows. GOA365 (ENGLISH), GOAPLUS (ENGLISH & KONKANI), INGOA (MARATHI)< GOANEWSLINE (KONKANI) & PRUDENT MEDIA (ENGLISH, KONKANI & MARATHI)


Major cellular service operators include Reliance Infocomm, Tata Indicom, Vodafone (previously Hutch), Bharti Airtel, BSNL and Idea cellular. Reliance Infocomm is an Indian telecommunications company, and is the brainchild of Mukesh Ambani, CMD, Reliance Industries. ... Tata Indicom is a private telecom service provider operating in most parts of India. ... Hutch is a national cellular operator in India. ... For the information technology, see Airtel (FBI). ... Logo BSNL or Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited is Indias largest Communication Service Provider (CSP), and seventh largest in the world. ... Idea cellular is a wireless telephony company operating in various states in India. ...


Local newspaper publications include the English language The Herald (Goa's oldest, once a Portuguese language paper known as O Heraldo), the Gomantak Times and the Navhind Times. In addition to these, The Times of India and the Indian Express are also received from Bombay and Bangalore in the urban areas. Among the list of officially-accredited newspapers are The Navhind Times, The Herald Times and The Gomantak Times (all in the English language) and Gomantak, Tarun Bharat, Navprabha, Pudhari, Goa Times, Sanatan Prabhat, Govadoot (all in Marathi), Sunaparant in Devanagiri-script Konkani. All are dailies. Other publications in the state include Goa Today (English-language, monthly), Goan Observer (English, weekly), Vavraddeancho Ixtt (Roman-script Konkani, weekly) Goa Messenger, Gulab (Konkani, monthly), Bimb (Devanagiri-script Konkani), Harbour Times, Digital Goa, and "J's House". The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Navhind Times is Goas most widely read English newspaper. ... The Common Man featured on a commemorative stamp released by the Indian Postal Service on the 150th Anniversary of the Times of India - 1988. ... The Indian Express is an Indian newspaper started by Ram Nath Goenka, and is published from New Delhi. ...


Education

According to the 2001 census, Goa has a literacy rate of 82% with 89% of males and 76% of females being literate.[21] Each taluka is made up of villages, each having a school run by the government. Due to the low levels of corruption and the quality of the government schools, private schools are less in demand, compared to the rest of the country. All schools come under the state SSC whose syllabus is prescribed by the state Education department. There are also a few schools run by the all-India ICSE board. Most students in Goa complete their high school using English as the medium of instruction. Primary schools, on the other hand are largely run in Konkani (in private, but government-aided schools). As is the case in most of India, enrollment for vernacular media has seen a fall in numbers in favour of English medium education. Literacy is the ability to use text to communicate across space and time. ... The Secondary School Certificate, also known as SSC, is a public examination taken by students in Bangladesh, Pakistan and in the states of Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Goa in India after successfully completing at least ten years of schooling. ... The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) examination is an examination conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations for class 10, i. ...


After ten years of schooling, students join a Junior College which offers courses in popular streams such as Science, Arts, Law and Commerce. Additionally, many join three year diploma courses. Two years of college is followed by a professional degree. The Goa University is the sole university in the state located in Taleigao and all Goan colleges are affiliated to it. There are four engineering colleges and one medical college in the state. The Goa Engineering College and Goa Medical College are run by the state whereas the other three engineering colleges are run by private organisations. For the Indian grade 11 and 12 schools, see Junior College A junior college is a two-year post-secondary school whose main purpose is to provide a method of obtaining academic, vocational and professional education. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... In the history of education, the seven liberal arts comprise two groups of studies, the trivium and the quadrivium. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Diploma from Mexico City College, 1948 (in Latin) A diploma (from Greek δίπλωµα diploma) is a certificate or deed issued by an educational institution, such as a university, that testifies that the recipient has successfully completed a particular course of study, or confers an academic degree. ... Goa University,the seat of higher learning in Goa was set up in 1935 and merged with the existing Post Graduation centre for Instruction and Research of the University of Bombay (now Mumbai). ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... Engineering is the discipline and profession of applying scientific knowledge and utilizing natural laws and physical resources in order to design and implement materials, structures, machines, devices, systems, and processes that realize a desired objective and meet specified criteria. ... Goa Engineering College is located in Farmagudi, Ponda and is the oldest and foremost engineering college in Goa. ...


In 2004,BITS Pilani university started its first Indian satellite, BITS Pilani Goa Campus near Dabolim. Unlike other Goan institutes, BITS Goa admits students through a nation wide aptitude test that it shares with it's parent institute. Due to this BITS Pilani Goa Campus is the only college in the state to have a regionally mixed student body. Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Rajasthan, India (popularly known as BITS Pilani) is one of the premier technology schools of India. ... BITS Goa Campus The Birla Institute of Technology & Science (BITS), Pilani is an all-India Institute for higher education. ... Goas Only Domestic and International Airport. ...


The other private engineering colleges are, Shree Rayeshwar Institute of Engineering and Information Technology, Shiroda, and Padre Conceicao College of Engineering, Verna. There are also colleges offering pharmacy, architecture and dentistry along with numerous private colleges offering law, arts, commerce and science. , , Padre Conceicao College of Engineering (PCCE) is a private engineering college in Verna, Goa, India. ... For other uses, see Pharmacy (disambiguation). ... This article is about building architecture. ... This article is about the dental profession. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... In the history of education, the seven liberal arts comprise two groups of studies, the trivium and the quadrivium. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ...


Many residents, however, choose to take up courses in other states as the demand for a course in Goa is more than that available. Goa is also well-known in India for courses in marine engineering, fisheries, hotel management and cuisine. The State also hosts a business school - the Goa Institute of Management which is autonomous and was founded in 1993 by Romuald D'Souza. Portuguese is taught as a part of the school curriculum, often as a third language in some schools. The Goa University also offers Bachelors and Masters degrees in Portuguese. The Engine room of Argonaute, a French supply vessel. ... A fishery (plural: fisheries) is an organized effort by humans to catch fish or other aquatic species, an activity known as fishing. ... Cuisine (from French cuisine, cooking; culinary art; kitchen; ultimately from Latin coquere, to cook) is a specific set of cooking traditions and practices, often associated with a specific culture. ... A business school is a university-level institution that confers degrees in Business Administration. ... The Goa Institute of Management (GIM) is a business school located in the state of Goa, India. ...


See also

There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Portuguese India evolution Capital Cochin (1510-1530); Nova Goa Language(s) Portuguese Political structure Ultramarine Province King President  - 1511-1521 Manuel I  - 1958-1961 Américo de Deus Rodrigues Tomás Viceroy  - 1505-1509 Francisco de Almeida (first)  - 1827-1835 Manuel de Portugal e Castro (last) Governor-general  - 1509-1515... This is a list of famous and notable people from Goa, India. ... Most Goan houses standing today were built between the 18th century and the early part of the 20th century. ... The public square of a community in Goa (especially in Salcette) is the church square and its immediate surroundings. ... Goa is Indias smallest state (3700 square kilometres, 1. ... Tourism is Goas primary industry: it handles 12%[1] of all foreign tourist arrivals in India. ... Hinduism is an ancient tradition in Goa. ...

References

  1. ^ Goa. Commissioner Linguistic Minorities, 42nd Report, July 2003 to June 2004. National Commissioner Linguistic Minorities. Retrieved on 2007-07-17. “Konkani is the official language of the state. There is no second official language. However, as per notification, Marathi will be used for the purpose of reply by the Government whenever communications are received in that language. In the Official Language Act, it is provided that "the Marathi language, shall also be used for all or any of the official purposes". Further it is provided that "nothing contained in this sub section shall be deemed to affect the use of the Marathi language in educational, social or cultural fields".”
  2. ^ UNI. "Marathi vs Konkani debate continues in Goa", rediff.com, Rediff.com India Limited, May 30, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-07-17. 
  3. ^ Liberation of Goa. Government Polytechnic, Panaji. Retrieved on 2007-07-17.
  4. ^ Pillarisetti, Jagan. The Liberation of Goa: an Overview. The Liberation of Goa:1961. bharat-rakshak.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-17.
  5. ^ de Mello, Alfredo Froilano. A Summary of the Early History of Goa (2000 BC - 1500 AD). goacom.com. Demerg Systems India. Retrieved on 2007-07-18.
  6. ^ Harding, Paul (September 2003). "Facts about Goa: History", Lonely Planet Goa, 3rd edition, Lonely Planet Publications, 9–14. ISBN 1740591399. 
  7. ^ Goa Inquisition.
  8. ^ Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. Retrieved on 2006-09-07.
  9. ^ Economy of Goa, from goenkar.com verified 2005-04-02.
  10. ^ Goa not to have any more SEZs. Retrieved on 2007-11-13.
  11. ^ http://goagovt.nic.in/GoaPPp.doc
  12. ^ http://www.censusindia.net/religiondata/ 2001 Indian Census Data
  13. ^ Table 26: Three Main Languages in every State, 1991. Census of India 1991. Office of the Registrar General, India. Retrieved on 2007-08-01.
  14. ^ The Goa, Daman and Diu Official Language Act, 1987 makes Konkani the sole official language, but provides that Marathi may also be used for "for all or any of the official purposes". The Government also has a policy of replying in Marathi to correspondence received in Marathi. Commissioner Linguistic Minorities, 42nd report: July 2003 - June 2004, <http://nclm.nic.in/shared/linkimages/35.htm>. Retrieved on 6 June 2007 
  15. ^ a b c d Mills, James (Summer 2001). "Football in Goa: Sport, Politics and the Portuguese in India". Soccer & Society 2 (2): 75-88. Retrieved on 2007-07-19. 
  16. ^ Goan football has little cause to look back. Goa Football Association. Retrieved on 2007-07-19.
  17. ^ NFL Teams 2006/07. IndianFootball.Com. Retrieved on 2007-07-19.
  18. ^ Nehru stadium. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-19.
  19. ^ Odds stacked against Parrikar, Anil Sastry, The Hindu, 2005-01-31, verified 2005-04-02
  20. ^ Banerjee, Sanjay. "Congress set to rule Goa again", indiatimes.com, Times Internet Limited, 6 June 2007. Retrieved on 2007-08-05. 
  21. ^ District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2001. Education for all in India. Retrieved on 2007-07-18.

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

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Portugal was the leading country in the European exploration of the world in the 15th century. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
GOA - GOACOM.COM - DIRECTORY OF INFORMATION AND SERVICES, Goa website (466 words)
BRITONS SHED TEARS FOR GOA'S GREGORY : The people in Fawley, United Kingdom, have expressed shock and sorrow over the death of Gregory Fernandes, a 32-year-old young man from Agonda in Canacona taluka, who fell victim to the horrendous racial attack.… MORE…...
Goan films may not be premiered during the International Film Festival of India (IFFI) 2007, but the organisers have decided to embellish the festival with a "Goa touch" to make up for the loss...
The Medical Tourism Association, the industry's first non-profit trade association for international healthcare providers, has recently returned from the medical tourism conference held in Goa, India and a subsequent two week tour of the top India hospitals....
Goa - LoveToKnow 1911 (1982 words)
GOA, the name of the past and present capitals of Portuguese India, and of the surrounding territory more exactly described as Goa settlement, which is situated on the western coast of India, between 15° 44' and 14° 53' N., and between 73° 45' and 74° 26' E. Pop.
With Damaun (q.v.) and Diu (q.v.) Goa settlement forms a single administrative province ruled by a governor-general, and a single ecclesiastical province subject to the archbishop of Goa; for judicial purposes the province includes Macao in China, and Timor in the Malay Archipelago.
The social life of Goa was brilliant, as befitted the headquarters of the viceregal court, the army and navy, and the church; but the luxury and ostentation of all classes had become a byword before the end of the 16th century.
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