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Encyclopedia > Gnostic texts
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Gnosticism

History of Gnosticism
This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Image File history File links Simple_crossed_circle. ... The History of Gnosticism is subject to a great deal of debate and interpretation. ...

Persian Gnosticism
Mandaeism
Manichaeism Mandaeism or Mandaeanism (Mandaic: mandaiuta) is a blanket term for the religion of the Mandaeans (Classical Mandaic mandaiia, Neo-Mandaic Mandeyānā) who are the followers of Mendā d-Heyyi (Mandaic manda Knowledge of Life). Mandaeism is a monotheistic religion practiced primarily in southern Iraq and the Iranian province of... Manichean priests, writing at their desk, with panel inscription in Sogdian. ...

Syrian-Egyptic Gnosticism
Sethians
Thomasines
Valentinians
Basilideans Syrian-Egyptian Gnostic Schools were ancient Gnostic sects from around the middle east, with some Judaic influences. ... Sethian is also a Finnish progressive metal band. ... Thomas, also called Judas Thomas Didymus or Jude Thomas Didymus, was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus. ... Valentinianism was a religious doctrine named after Valentinius, a Roman theologian who lived circa 2nd century. ... The Basilideans were a Gnostic sect founded by Basilides of Alexandria in the 2nd century. ...

Fathers of Christian Gnosticism
Simon Magus
Cerinthus
Marcion
Valentinus Several figures are mentioned as founding figures of ancient Christian Gnosticism. ... Simon Magus, also known as Simon the Sorcerer and Simon of Gitta, is the name used by the ancient Christian Orthodoxy to refer to someone they identified as a Samaritan (Proto-)Gnostic, and, also according to ancient Christian Orthodoxy, founder of his own religious sect. ... Cerinthus was the leader of a late first-century or early 2nd century sect, an offshot of the Ebionites yet similar to Gnosticism in some respects, interesting in that it demonstrates the wide range of conclusions that could be drawn from the life and teachings of Jesus. ... Marcion of Sinope (ca. ... This article is about the Gnostic Valentinus. ...

Early Gnosticism
Ophites
Cainites
Carpocratians
Borborites
Thomasines Early Gnosticism Ophites Cainites Carpocratians Borborites Thomasines ... The Ophites is a blanket term for numerous gnostic sects in Syria and Egypt about 100 A.D. The common trait was that these sects would give great importance to the serpent of the biblical tale of Adam and Eve, connecting the Tree of Knowledge (of Good and Evil) to... The Cainites were a Gnostic and Antinomian sect who were known to worship Cain as the first victim of the Demiurge Jehovah, the Old Testament God, who was identified by many groups of gnostics as evil. ... Carpocrates was an early Gnostic from sometime in the second century A.D. who was mentioned by Clement of Alexandria in the Mar Saba letter discovered in 1958 by ancient historian Morton Smith. ... According to Epiphanius of Salamis book Panarion/Adversus Haereses chapter xxv, xxvi and Theodorets Haereticarum Fabularum Compendium the borborites (or barbelos, barbelites, phibionites, stratiotici, coddians etc) were a extraordinarily filthy and evil Gnostic ophite sect. ... ...

Medieval Gnosticism
Paulicianism
Bogomils
Cathars Paulicianism was a Gnostic and Manichaean Christian sect that florished between 650 and 872 in Anatolia, outgoing from Armenia and the Eastern Themes of the Byzantine Empire. ... Bogomilism is the Gnostic dualistic sect, the synthesis of Armenian Paulicianism and the local Slavonic Church reform movement in Bulgaria and Bosnia-Herzegovina between 950 and 1396. ... Cathars being expelled from Carcassonne in 1209. ...

Gnosticism in modern times
Gnosticism in popular culture
Gnosticism includes a variety of ancient religions prevalent in the Mediterranean in the third century CE. Prior to the 20th century, little was known about the various Gnostic movements, due to paucity of original material available to scholars and the public. ... // Literature Harold Bloom explores Gnosticism in his novel The Flight to Lucifer: A Gnostic Fantasy, and, with William Golding, traces Gnosticism in American beliefs in The American Religion: The Emergence of the Post-Christian Nation. ...

Gnostic texts
Nag Hammadi Library
Codex Tchacos
Gnosticism and the New Testament
The Nag Hammadi library is a collection of early Christian Gnostic texts discovered near the Egyptian town of Nag Hammadi in 1945. ... The Codex Tchacos is an ancient Egyptian Coptic papyrus document containing early Christian Gnostic texts: The Gospel of Judas The First Apocalypse of James The Letter of Peter to Philip A fragment of Allogenes It is important because it contains the first known surviving text of the Gospel of Judas... This article discusses the relationship between Gnosticism and the New Testament. ...

Related Articles
Gnosis
Pythagoreanism
Neoplatonism and Gnosticism
Esoteric Christianity
Theosophy
This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Pythagoreanism is a term used for the esoteric and metaphysical beliefs held by Pythagoras and his followers, the Pythagoreans, who were much influenced by mathematics and probably a main inspirational source for Plato and platonism. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Winged Self: The purpose of The Winged Self Symbol is to focus thought in the inner Divine perfection of each individual. ... Possible emblem of some Theosophical Society Theosophy, literally knowledge of the divine, designates several bodies of ideas. ...

This box: viewtalkedit

Gnosticism used a number of religious texts that are preserved, in part or whole, in ancient manuscripts or are lost but mentioned critically in Patristic writings. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Most religions have religious texts they view as sacred. ... A manuscript (Latin manu scriptus written by hand), strictly speaking, is any written document that is put down by hand, in contrast to being printed or reproduced some other way. ... The (Early) Church Fathers or Fathers of the Church are the early and influential theologians and writers in the Christian Church, particularly those of the first five centuries of Christian history. ...

Contents

Gnostic texts

Full or fragmentary

These texts exist in surviving manuscripts.

The Acts of John is a 2nd-century Christian collection of narratives and traditions, well described as a library of materials [1], inspired by the Gospel of John, long known in fragmentary form. ... One of the earliest of the apocryphal acts of the apostles, the Acts of Peter is one of the books in the New Testament Apocrypha. ... The Acts of Peter and the Twelve is one of the texts from the New Testament apocrypha which was found in the Nag Hammadi collection. ... The early 3rd century text called Acts of Thomas is arguably the most Gnostic of the New Testament apocrypha, portraying Christ as the Heavenly Redeemer, independent of and beyond creation, who can free souls from the darkness of the world. ... The Hymn of the Pearl (also The Hymn of the Soul or The Hymn of Judas Thomas the Apostle) is a passage of the apocryphal Acts of Thomas. ... Allogenes is a sethian gnostic text from the New Testament apocrypha. ... The Apocalypse of Adam discovered in 1945 as part of the Nag Hammadi Library is a Gnostic work written in Coptic. ... Introduction The First Apocalypse (which means revelation or vision) of James, part of the New Testament apocrypha, was first discovered amongst 52 other Gnostic Christian texts spread over 13 Codices by an Arab peasant, Mohammad Ali al-Samman, in the Egyptian town of Nag Hammadi late in December 1945. ... The Second Apocalypse (which means revelation or vision) of James, part of the New Testament apocrypha, was first discovered amongst 52 other Gnostic Christian texts spread over 13 Codices by an Arab peasant, Mohammad Ali al-Samman, in the Egyptian town of Nag Hammadi late in December 1945. ... The Apocalypse of Paul is one of the texts of the New Testament apocrypha. ... The Apocryphon of James, also known by the translation of its title - the Secret Book of James, is a text amongst the New Testament apocrypha. ... The Secret Book of John (Apocryphon of John) is a 2nd century gnostic text of secret teachings, given a Christian context: the teaching of the savior, and the revelation of the mysteries and the things hidden in silence, even these things which he taught John, his disciple, are its opening... The Books of Jeu are two gnostic texts considered part of the New Testament apocrypha. ... The Book of Thomas the Contender, also known more simply as the Book of Thomas (though this must not be confused with the quite different Gospel of Thomas), is one of the books of the New Testament apocrypha. ... The Dialogue of the Saviour is one of the New Testament apocrypha texts that was found within the Nag Hammadi collection of predominantly gnostic texts. ... The Letter of Peter to Philip found in the cache of texts at Nag Hammadi (bound into Codex VIII), contains a brief letter purporting to be from Saint Peter to Saint Philip, followed by a narrative and gnostic discourse upon the nature of Christ. ... The Odes of Solomon is a book containing 42 odes attributed to Solomon. ... The important Gnostic text, the Pistis Sophia, in five copies, which scholars date c. ... The Secret Gospel of Mark refers to a non-canonical gospel which is the subject of the Mar Saba letter, a previously unknown letter attributed to Clement of Alexandria which Morton Smith claimed to have found transcribed into the endpapers of a 17th century printed edition of Ignatius. ... The Sophia of Jesus Christ is one of many Gnostic tractates from the Nag Hammadi codices, discovered in Egypt in 1945. ... Two versions of the suppressed Coptic Gospel of the Egyptians (which is quite distinct from the Greek Gospel of the Egyptians), were among the codices in the Nag Hammadi library, discovered in 1945. ... The Gospel of Judas is a Gnostic gospel, the text of which was partially reconstructed in 2006. ... The Gospel of Mary was found in the Akhmim Codex, a text acquired by Dr.Rheinhardt in Cairo in 1896. ... The Gospel of Philip is one of the texts of the New Testament apocrypha. ... The Gospel of Thomas is the modern name given to a New Testament-era apocryphon completely preserved in a papyrus Coptic manuscript discovered in 1945 at Nag Hammadi, Egypt. ... The Gospel of Truth is one of the texts from the New Testament apocrypha found in the Nag Hammadi codices. ... The Unknown Berlin Gospel is a fragmentary text considered a part of the New Testament apocrypha, which is also known as the Gospel of the Saviour. ...

Quoted or alluded

These texts are mentioned or partially quoted in the writings of the Church Fathers.

  • Gospel of Basilides mentioned by Origen, Jerome, Ambrose, Philip of Side, and Bede.
  • Basilides' Exegetica mentioned in Hippolytus (Ref. VII, i-xv and X, x) and Clement of Alexandria (Str. IV, xii and IV, xxiv-xxvi)
  • Epiphanes' On Righteousness, mentioned in Clement of Alexandria (Str. III, ii).
  • Heracleon, Fragments from his Commentary on the Gospel of John, mentioned in Origen (Commentary on the Gospel of John)
  • Naassene Fragment mentioned in Hippolytus (Ref. 5.7.2-9).
  • Ophite Diagrams mentioned in Celsus and Origen
  • Ptolemy's Commentary on the Gospel of John Prologue, mentioned in Irenaeus (Adv. Hær., I, viii, 5).
  • Ptolemy's Letter to Flora, mentioned in Epiphanius (Hær. XXXIII, 3-7).
  • Theodotus: Excerpta Ex Theodoto mentioned in Clement of Alexandria.

Origen (Greek: , ca. ... Jerome (ca. ... For other people and things named Ambrose, see Ambrose (disambiguation) Saint Ambrose, (Latin: Sanctus Ambrosius; Italian: SantAmbrogio) (c. ... Philip of Side (ca 380 - after 431), a historian of the early Christian church, was born at Side, the ancient Greek Iconium, Pamphylia (the modern Konya, Turkey). ... Bede depicted in an early medieval manuscript Depiction of Bede from the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493. ... Basilides redirects here. ... In Greek mythology, Hippolytus was a son of Theseus and either Antiope or Hippolyte. ... Clement of Alexandria (Titus Flavius Clemens), was the first member of the Church of Alexandria to be more than a name, and one of its most distinguished teachers. ... Categories: Religious biography stubs ... Heracleon, a Gnostic who flourished about AD 125, probably in the south of Italy or in Sicily, and is generally classed by the early heresiologists with the Valentinian school of heresy. ... The Naassene Fragment is a fragmentary text that survives in no document save a quotation in the early 3rd century encyclopedia of heresies by Hippolytus of Rome, Refutation of All Heresies (5. ... The Ophite Diagrams are ritual and esoteric diagrams used by the Ophite gnostic sect, who worshipped the serpent from the garden of eden (they also viewed the old testament god as the evil god Yaltabaoth). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Ptolemy the Gnostic (not the same person as the astronomer and geographer, nor the Egyptian ruler) was a disciple of the Gnostic Valentinius, known to us for writing a letter to a wealthy non-Gnostic lady named Flora. ... An engraving of Irenaeus ( 130–202), bishop of Lugdunum in Gaul (now Lyon, France). ... Epiphanius (clearly manifested) was the name of several early Christian scholars and ecclesiastics: Epiphanius of Salamis, bishop of Salamis in Cyprus, died 410, author of Panarion Epiphanius of Constantinople, died 535, Patriarch of Constantinople 520—535 Epiphanius Scholasticus, known only as the assistant of Cassiodorus who compiled the Historiae...

Manuscripts

The Nag Hammadi library is a collection of early ChristianGnostic texts discovered near the Egyptian town of Nag Hammadi in 1945.
The Nag Hammadi library is a collection of early ChristianGnostic texts discovered near the Egyptian town of Nag Hammadi in 1945.

Image File history File links Kodeks_IV_NagHammadi. ... Image File history File links Kodeks_IV_NagHammadi. ... The Nag Hammadi library is a collection of early Christian Gnostic texts discovered near the Egyptian town of Nag Hammadi in 1945. ... Fourth-century inscription, representing Christ as the Good Shepherd. ... Gnosticism is a blanket term for various religions and sects most prominent in the first few centuries A.D. General characteristics The word gnosticism comes from the Greek word for knowledge, gnosis (γνῶσις), referring to the idea that there is special, hidden mysticism (esoteric knowledge... The town of Nag Hammadi in Egypt Nag Hammâdi (Arabic نجع حمادي; transliterated: Naj Hammādi) (26°03′N 32°15′E), is a town in the middle of Egypt, called Chenoboskion in classical antiquity, about 80 kilometres north-west of Luxor with some 30,000 citizens. ... The important Gnostic text, the Pistis Sophia, in five copies, which scholars date c. ... In 1896, the Coptic Berlin Codex (aka. ... The Gospel of Mary was found in the Akhmim Codex, a text acquired by Dr.Rheinhardt in Cairo in 1896. ... The Secret Book of John (Apocryphon of John) is a 2nd century gnostic text of secret teachings, given a Christian context: the teaching of the savior, and the revelation of the mysteries and the things hidden in silence, even these things which he taught John, his disciple, are its opening... The Sophia of Jesus Christ is one of many Gnostic tractates from the Nag Hammadi codices, discovered in Egypt in 1945. ... An epitome (Greek epitemnein—to cut short) is a summary or miniature form, also used as a synonym for embodiment. ... The Bruce Codex (also called the Codex Brucianus) is a gnostic manuscript acquired by the British Museum. ... The Books of Jeu are two gnostic texts considered part of the New Testament apocrypha. ... The Codex Tchacos is an ancient Egyptian Coptic papyrus document containing early Christian Gnostic texts: The Gospel of Judas The First Apocalypse of James The Letter of Peter to Philip A fragment of Allogenes It is important because it contains the first known surviving text of the Gospel of Judas... The Gospel of Judas is a Gnostic gospel, the text of which was partially reconstructed in 2006. ... Introduction The First Apocalypse (which means revelation or vision) of James, part of the New Testament apocrypha, was first discovered amongst 52 other Gnostic Christian texts spread over 13 Codices by an Arab peasant, Mohammad Ali al-Samman, in the Egyptian town of Nag Hammadi late in December 1945. ... The Letter of Peter to Philip found in the cache of texts at Nag Hammadi (bound into Codex VIII), contains a brief letter purporting to be from Saint Peter to Saint Philip, followed by a narrative and gnostic discourse upon the nature of Christ. ... Allogenes is a sethian gnostic text from the New Testament apocrypha. ... The Nag Hammadi library is a collection of early Christian Gnostic texts discovered near the Egyptian town of Nag Hammadi in 1945. ... The Nag Hammadi library is a collection of early Christian Gnostic texts discovered near the Egyptian town of Nag Hammadi in 1945. ... Oxyrhynchus (Greek: Οξύρυγχος; sharp-nosed; ancient Egyptian Per-Medjed; modern Egyptian Arabic el-Bahnasa) is an archaeological site in Egypt, considered one of the most important ever discovered. ... The Gospel of Thomas is the modern name given to a New Testament-era apocryphon completely preserved in a papyrus Coptic manuscript discovered in 1945 at Nag Hammadi, Egypt. ... Surveyor at work with a leveling instrument. ...

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