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Encyclopedia > Gniezno
Gniezno
Coat of arms of Gniezno
(Coat of arms)
Basic Information
Country Poland
Voivodeship Greater Poland
Population 71 040
Founded 8th century
City rights 1239
Latitude
Longitude
52°32' N
17°36' E
Area 40,9 km²
Agglomeration none
Density 1737/km²
Area code +48 61
Car plates PGN
Twin towns Anagni, Esztergom, Falkenberg, Saint-Malo, Speyer, Roskilde, Veendam
Economy and Traffic
Administration
Mayor Jacek Kowalski
Municipal Website

Gniezno (pronounced: Image:Ltspkr.png ['gɲȋεznɔ]) is a town in central-western Poland, some 50 km east of Poznań, inhabited by about 73,000 people. Situated in the Greater Poland Voivodeship (since 1999), previously in Poznań Voivodeship. It is the administrative capital of the Gniezno County (powiat). Image File history File links POL_Gniezno_COA.svg‎ pl: Herb Gniezno File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Greater Poland Voivodeship Gniezno ... Gniezno on a map of Poland File links The following pages link to this file: Gniezno Categories: GFDL images ... In political geography and international politics a country is a geographical entity, a territory, most commonly associated with the notions of state or nation. ... A Voivodship (also voivodeship, Romanian: Voievodat, Polish: Województwo, Serbian: Vojvodstvo or Vojvodina) was a feudal state in medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a Voivod (voivode). ... Capital city PoznaÅ„ Area 29,826 km² Population (2005)  - Density 3,372,417 113. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... // Events Births June 17 - King Edward I of England (died 1307) December 17 - Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese shogun (died 1256) Peter III of Aragon (died 1285) John II, Duke of Brittany (died 1305) Ippen, Japanese monk (died 1289) Deaths March 3 - Vladimir III Rurikovich, Grand Prince of Kiev (born 1187) March... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... In the study of human settlements, an agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs or adjacent satellite towns. ... In physics, density is mass m per unit volume V. For the common case of a homogeneous substance, it is expressed as: where, in SI units: ρ (rho) is the density of the substance, measured in kg·m-3 m is the mass of the substance, measured in kg V is... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... // Introduction to this topic - includes background information for people living outside Poland Common to many countries - in fact there is a growing tendency to do so since the UK also began regionalising plates in 2002 - Poland has the region of registration of the vehicle encoded in the number plate. ... —— // This is a list of twin towns or sister cities — that is, pairs of towns or cities in different countries which have town twinning arrangements. ... Anagni, (Latin Anagnia) is an ancient town in Latium, Italy, in the hills east-southeast of Rome, famous for its connections with the papacy and for the picturesque monuments of its unspoiled historical center. ... Basilica in Esztergom. ... Falkenberg is a Municipality in Halland County, in southwest Sweden. ... Categories: France geography stubs | Communes of Ille-et-Vilaine ... Speyer (English formerly Spires) is a city in Germany (Rhineland-Palatinate) with approx. ... This article is about the town in Denmark. ... Veendam is a municipality and a town in the northeastern Netherlands. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... The purpose of this page is to lay out our policies for handling sounds, and give people some useful information for handling sound files. ... PoznaÅ„ ( ; full official name: The Capital City of PoznaÅ„, Polish: StoÅ‚eczne Miasto PoznaÅ„ (Latin: , German: , Yiddish: פּױזן Poyzn) is a city in west-central Poland with over 578,900 inhabitants (2002). ... Capital city PoznaÅ„ Area 29,826 km² Population (2005)  - Density 3,372,417 113. ... Map as of 1975 // PoznaÅ„ Voivodeship (1) 1975-1998 PoznaÅ„ Voivodeship 1975-1998 (Polish: województwo poznaÅ„skie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975-1998, superseded by Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... Gniezno County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) located about 50 km east of PoznaÅ„ , in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship. ...

Contents

History

There are archaeological traces of human settlement since the late Paleolithic. Early Slavonic settlements are on the Lech Hill and the Maiden Hill are dated to 8th century and the ducal stronghold was founded just before AD 800 on the Lech Hill, and surrounded with some fortified suburbs and open settlements. This cranium, of Homo heidelbergensis, a Lower Paleolithic predecessor to Homo neanderthalensis, dates to between 400,000 BCE to 500,000 BCE The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. ...


Legend of Lech, Czech and Rus

According to the Polish version od legends: three brothers Lech, Czech and Rus were exploring the wilderness to find a place to settle. Suddenly they saw a hill with an old oak and an eagle on top. Lech said: this white eagle I will adopt as an emblem of my people, and around this oak I will build my stronghold, and because of the eagle nest [Polish: gniazdo] I will call it Gniezdno [modern: Gniezno]. The other brothers went further on to find a place for their people. Czech went to the South (to found the Czech Lands) and Rus went to the East (to create Russia and Ukraine). Bohemia, Moravia, Austrian Silesia - 1892, then part of Austria-Hungary Bohemia and Moravia-Silesia within Czechoslovakia in 1928 The Czech lands (in Czech: české země) is an auxiliary term used mainly to describe the combination of Bohemia, Moravia and Czech Silesia. ...


Cradle of the Polish state

In 10th century Gniezno became one of the main towns of the early Piast dynasty, founders of Polish state. This article is about a Polish dynasty. ...


Gniezno meeting 1000

It is here that the Congress of Gniezno took place in the year 1000 AD, during which Boleslaus I the Brave (Polish: Bolesław Chrobry), duke of Poland, received Emperor Otto III, the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. The emperor and the duke celebrated the foundation of the Polish ecclesiastical province (archbishopric) in Gniezno, with newly established bishopric in Kołobrzeg for Pomerania; Wrocław for Silesia; Kraków for Little Poland and later also already existing since 968 bishopric in Poznań for western Greater Poland. In 1024 Boleslaus I crowned himself the king of Poland (according to other version, this occurred in 1000 or 1025). The Congress of Gniezno took place on March 11th 1000 and is one of the more important events in Polish history, though scholars disagree over the details of the decisions made at the meeting, especially whether the Polish prince was pledged the kings crown or not. ... Europe in 1000 The year 1000 of the Gregorian Calendar was the last year of the 10th century as well as the last year of the first millennium. ... Reign 992 — 1025. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... KoÅ‚obrzeg (pronounce: [kÉ”wÉ”bʒεg] â–¶(?), Kashubian/Pomeranian: Kòłobrzeg, German: Kolberg) is a city in Middle Pomerania in north-western Poland with some 50,000 inhabitants (2000). ... Duchy of Pomerania, ruled by the slavic dynasty of Griffits (Polish: Gryfici, German: Greifen), was a semi-independent principality in the 17th century. ... WrocÅ‚aw ( ; German: ; Czech: ; Latin: Wratislavia or Vratislavia) is the capital of Lower Silesia in southwestern Poland, situated on the Oder River (Odra). ... Silesia (Czech: ; German: ; Latin: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Åšlónsk) is a historical region in central Europe. ... Wawel Hill, Old Town, Kraków. ... Kraków Katowice WrocÅ‚aw Łódź PoznaÅ„ Bydgoszcz Lublin BiaÅ‚ystok GdaÅ„sk Szczecin Warsaw M A S O V I A S I L E S I A G R E A T E R P O L A N D L E S S E R P O... Events Births Emperor Kazan of Japan Ethelred II of England Romanus Argyrus, later Romanus III of the Eastern Roman Empire. ... PoznaÅ„ ( ; full official name: The Capital City of PoznaÅ„, Polish: StoÅ‚eczne Miasto PoznaÅ„ (Latin: , German: , Yiddish: פּױזן Poyzn) is a city in west-central Poland with over 578,900 inhabitants (2002). ... Voivodship wielkopolskie since 1999 Coat of Arms for voivodship wielkopolskie Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: , German: Großpolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is a historical region of west-central Poland. ...

 panorama of Gniezno]] 

Royal coronation site

Cathedral
Cathedral
Mediaeval seal of Gniezno

The 10th century Gniezno cathedral witnessed royal coronations of Boleslaus I the Brave in 1024, his son Mieszko II Lambert in 1025. The cities of Gniezno and nearby Poznań were captured, plundered and destroyed in 1038 by the Bohemian duke Bretislav I, which pushed the next Polish rulers to move the Polish capital to Kraków. The archiepiscopal cathedral was reconstucted by the next ruler Boleslaus II of Poland who was crowned king here in 1076. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 531 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (868 × 980 pixel, file size: 101 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Gniezno cathedral, view from marketplace File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gniezno... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 531 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (868 × 980 pixel, file size: 101 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Gniezno cathedral, view from marketplace File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gniezno... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (365x800, 144 KB) Gniezno (Polska) with permission of the authors Marek and Ewa Wojciechowscy [1] File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gniezno Gniezno Doors ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (365x800, 144 KB) Gniezno (Polska) with permission of the authors Marek and Ewa Wojciechowscy [1] File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gniezno Gniezno Doors ... Gniezno door - general view Scene no. ... PoznaÅ„ ( ; full official name: The Capital City of PoznaÅ„, Polish: StoÅ‚eczne Miasto PoznaÅ„ (Latin: , German: , Yiddish: פּױזן Poyzn) is a city in west-central Poland with over 578,900 inhabitants (2002). ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Břetislav (b. ... Wawel Hill, Old Town, Kraków. ... Boleslaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Boleslaus II was a duke and king of Poland 1058-1079 (crowned 1076). ... Events February 14 - Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor. ...


In the next centuries Gniezno evolved as a regional seat of the eastern part of Greater Poland, and in 1238 municipal autonomy was granted by the duke Władysław Odonic. Gniezno was again the coronation site in 1295 and 1300. WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw (Ladislas or Ladislaus) Odonic Plwacz (c. ... Events Mongol leader Ghazan Khan is converted to Islam, ending a line of Tantric Buddhist leaders. ... Events February 22 - Jubilee of Pope Boniface VIII. March 10 - Wardrobe accounts of King Edward I of Englanddo (aka Edward Longshanks) include a reference to a game called creag being played at the town of Newenden in Kent. ...


Regional site of Greater Poland

The city was destroyed again by the Teutonic Knights invasion in 1331, and after an administrative reform became a county within the Kalisz Voivodeship (since 14th century till 1768). Gniezno was hit by heavy fires in 1515, 1613, was destroyed during the Swedish invasion wars of the 17th-18th centuries and by a plague of 1708-1710. All this caused depopulation and economic decline, but the city was soon revived during the 18th century to become the Gniezno voivodship in 1768. For Sienkiewicz novel, see The Teutonic Knights. ... Map as of 1975 // Kalisz Voivodeship (1) 1975-1998 (Polish: województwo kaliskie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975-1998, superseded by Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Gniezno Voivodship (Polish: Województwo Gnieźnieńskie, Latin: Palatinatus Gnesnensis) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland for a short time from 1768 when it was cut from the Kalisz Voivodship to the partitions of Poland in 1772-1795. ... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Archbishops of Gniezno

Main article: Archbishop of Gniezno

Gniezno's Roman Catholic archbishop is traditionally the Primate of Poland (Prymas Polski). After the partitions of Poland the see was often combined with others, first with Poznań and then with Warsaw. In 1992 Pope John Paul II reorganized the Polish hierarchy and the city once again had a separate bishop. Cardinal Józef Glemp, who had been archbishop of Gniezno and Warsaw and retained Warsaw, was designated to remain Primate until his retirement, but afterward the Archbishop of Gniezno, at present Henryk Muszyński, would again be Primate of Poland. Archbishops of Gniezno and simultaneously Primates of Poland since 1412. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... Catholic Patriarchal (non cardinal) coat of arms Primate (from the Latin Primus, first) is a title or rank bestowed on some bishops in certain Christian churches. ... The Partitions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Lietuvos-Lenkijos padalijimai, Belarusian: Падзелы Рэчы Паспалітай) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Motto: Contemnit procellas (It defies the storms) Semper invicta (Always invincible) Coordinates: Country Poland Voivodeship Masovia Powiat city county Gmina Warszawa Districts 18 boroughs City Rights turn of the 13th century Government  - Mayor Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz (PO) Area  - City 516. ... The Pope, (or Pope of Rome) (from Latin: papa, Papa, father; from Greek: papas / = priest originating from πατήρ = father )[1], is the Bishop of Rome, the spiritual leader of the Roman Catholic Church and the absolute monarch of Vatican City. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   [] (May 18, 1920, Wadowice, Poland – April 2, 2005, Vatican City) reigned as... Józef Cardinal Glemp Józef Cardinal Glemp (born December 18, 1929) is Cardinal Archbishop Emeritus of Warsaw and Primate of Poland and former Ordinary for the faithful of the Oriental Rite residing in Poland. ... Henryk MuszyÅ„ski (born March 20, 1933) is the Archbishop of Gniezno, Poland, having been appointed by Pope John Paul II when the Polish hierarchy was reorganized in March 1992. ...


Royal coronations in Gniezno cathedral

December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 6 days remaining in the year. ... This article is about the year. ... Reign From 992 until 1025 Coronation On April 18, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms OrzeÅ‚ Piastowski Parents Mieszko I Dubrawka Consorts Rikdaga Judith Enmilda Oda Children with Judith Bezprym with Enmilda Regelina Mieszko II Lambert Otton with Oda Matylda Date of Birth 966/967... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 6 days remaining in the year. ... Events April 18 - Boleslaw I Chrobry is crowned as the first king of Poland. ... Reign From 1025 until 1034 Coronation On December 25, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms Orzeł Piastowski Parents Bolesław I Chrobry Emnilda Consorts Ryksa Children with Ryksa Boleslaw Zapomiany Kazimierz I Odnowiciel Gertruda Date of Birth 990 Place of Birth  ? Date of... Born between 995 and 1000, Richensa of Lotharingia (Fr. ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 6 days remaining in the year. ... Events February 14 - Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor. ... Boleslaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Boleslaus II was a duke and king of Poland 1058-1079 (crowned 1076). ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... Events Mongol leader Ghazan Khan is converted to Islam, ending a line of Tantric Buddhist leaders. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Events February 22 - Jubilee of Pope Boniface VIII. March 10 - Wardrobe accounts of King Edward I of Englanddo (aka Edward Longshanks) include a reference to a game called creag being played at the town of Newenden in Kent. ... Wenceslaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Wenceslaus II Premyslid (Czech: , Polish: WacÅ‚aw II Czeski) (September 17, 1271 – June 21, 1305) King of Bohemia (1278 - 1305), Duke of Krakow (1291 - 1305), King of Poland (1300 - 1305). ...

Historical population

  • 1912: 25,339 inhabitants
  • 1980: 62,400 inhabitants
  • 1990: 70,400 inhabitants
  • 1995: 71,000 inhabitants

Education

  • The Gniezno School of Humanism and Management - Millennium (Gnieźnieńska Wyższa Szkoła Humanistyczno-Menedżerska Millennium)
  • The Archbishop's Ecclesiastical Seminary (Arcybiskupie Seminarium Duchowne)

Arts and culture

  • Aleksander Fredro Theatre (Teatr im. A. Fredry)
  • Museum of the Polish State Origins (Muzeum Początków Państwa Polskiego)

See also

Over the past millennium, the territory ruled by Poland has shifted and varied greatly. ... Silver coffin of St. ... Royal coronations in Poland: This is a list of royal coronations in Poland. ... Gniezno door - general view Scene no. ...

External links

  • Gniezno homepage (English and German version also available), The official site of the Gniezno City's Administration, from which much of the above was taken and adapted.
  • Gniezno Poviat The official site of the Gniezno District, which comprises 9 "gmina".
  • Urząd Gminy Gniezno The official site of the Gniezno Gmina "community" administration.

Coordinates: 52°33′N, 17°36′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gniezno - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (774 words)
It is the administrative capital of the Gniezno powiat (district or county).
Gniezno was hit by heavy fires in 1515, 1613, was destroyed during the Swedish invasion wars of the 17th-18th centuries and by a plague of 1708-1710.
Gniezno's Roman Catholic archbishop is traditionally the Primate of Poland (Prymas Polski).
Gniezno - definition of Gniezno in Encyclopedia (646 words)
In 10th century Gniezno became the main city and capital of the early Piast dynasty rulers: Mieszko I and Boleslaw Chrobry, the founders of the Polish State.
The cities of Gniezno and nearby Poznan were captured, plundered and destroyed in 1038 by the Czech duke Bretislav, what pushed the next Polish rulers to move the Polish capital to Cracow.
Gniezno was hit by heavy fires in 1515, 1613, was destroyed during the Swedish wars of the 17th-1th centries and by a plague of 1708-1710.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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