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Encyclopedia > Gmina
Administrative divisions
of Poland

Voivodeships
Counties (list)
Communes (list) Image File history File links Polska_kontur_bialy. ... The voivodeship (Polish: województwo) has been a second-level administrative unit in Poland since the 14th century. ... A powiat (pronounced povyat; plural, powiaty) is the Polish third-level unit of administration, equivalent to a county, district or prefecture (NUTS-3) in some countries. ... The following is a list of powiats in Poland. ...

The municipality or commune (Polish: gmina, plural: gminy) is the principal unit (lowest level) of territorial division in Poland. As of 2004 there were 2,478 communes. The word gmina is derived from the German word Gemeinde, meaning "commune" or "community". 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Since 1990, when it replaced the smaller gromada, the commune has been the basic unit of administrative division. There are three types of commune in Poland: This article is about the year. ...

  1. municipal commune (municipality, urban commune) (gmina miejska) - consists of one city
  2. mixed commune (gmina miejsko-wiejska) - consists of a city and surrounding villages
  3. rural commune (gmina wiejska) - consists only of villages

The legislative and controlling body of each commune is the commune council (rada gminy). The executive power is held by the head of the commune: wójt (head of the rural commune), mayor (burmistrz, head of the mixed and municipal communes) or president (prezydent, head of municipal communes with more than 100,000 inhabitants).


See also

  • List of communes in Poland

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Gmina of Rzgów is situated (339 words)
The Gmina of Rzgów is situated in the eastern part of the Wielkopolska region, in the south - west of the powiat (district) of Konin.
The Gmina is composed of 25 villages, including 21 village administrator's offices.
A part of the Gmina, from its boundary with the Gmina of Zagórów to as far as the A-2 highway, is situated within The Nadwarciański Landscape Park.
Gmina Iława (703 words)
Pines, oaks, beeches, alders and birchs are the basic components of forests on terrain of The Gmina of Iława.
On the area of The Gmina of Iława three rivers meet together: the River “Drwęca” merges with the River “Iławka” in the eastern and central part of The Gmina of Iława and The River “Osa” merges with the River “Liwa” (north – west part of The Gmina of Iława).
The borders, appointed in Report, surround the large part of the Gmina of Iława areas (except for south – east part of The Gmina of Iława and its northern fragment).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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